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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



Section A
Bahagian A

[40 2arks]
[40 2arkah]

Answer , questions
Jawab 802:a soalan


or
Exa2iner's
use

(a) Diagram 1 shows the arrangement of particles in substances P, Q and R.
Rajah 1 2enunjukkan susunan zarah-zarah bahan P, Q dan R


............. .......... ............

Diagram 1
Rajah 1
[ 3 2ark ]
[ 3 2arkah ]

i) On Diagram 1, label the type of substance, P, Q and R by using the following words.
Pada Rajah 1, labelkan jenis bahan, P, Q dan R dengan 2enggunakan perkataan
berikut.

Element Compound Mixture
Unsur Sebatian Ca2puran



ii) State one method to separate the components of a mixture.
Nyatakan 8at: kaedah 2e2isahkan ko2ponen-ko2ponen ca2puran.


.........................................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]



3
1(a)(i)

1
1(a)(ii)

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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



b) Draw lines to match substance R (in Diagram 1) with its examples.
ukis garisan untuk 2e2adankan bahan R (dalam Rajah 1) dengan contoh-
contohnya.

Examples
Contoh-contoh











[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]





or
Exa2iner's
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. (a) Diagram 2.1 shows a food pyramid.
Rajah 2.1 2enunjukkan pira2id 2akanan.


Diagram 2.1
Rajah 2.1


#
Ammonia
A22onia
Gold
E2as
Water
Air

2
1(b)

6
Tot, A
,A,

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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT




(i) Name the food class in M.
Na2akan kelas 2akanan di M.

..............................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 12arkah ]

(ii) State one function of the food class stated in 2(a)(i)
Nyatakan 8at: fungsi bagi kelas 2akanan yang dinyatakan dala2 2(a)(i).
..............................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]

(b) Diagram 2.2 shows an experiment to study the action of saliva on starch. After 30
minutes the contents of test tube P and Q is tested for starch and glucose.
Rajah 2.2 2enunjukkan satu eksperi2en untuk 2engkaji kesan air liur ke
atas kanji. Selepas 30 2init kandungan tabung uji P dan Q diuji untuk kanji
dan glukosa.

Diagram 2.2
Rajah 2.2

(i) Name the substance used to test the presence of starch.
Na2akan bahan yang digunakan untuk 2enguji kehadiran kanji.
....................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 12arkah ]

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Exa2iner's
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1
2(b)(i)

1
2(a)(ii)

1
2(a)(i)
6
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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



(ii) State the substance in the saliva that enables starch to be digested in
test tube Q.
Nyatakan bahan dala2 air liur yang 2e2bolehkan kanji dicernakan dala2
tabung uji Q.
.....................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]


(iii) Explain the action of the substance mentioned in 2(b) (ii) on starch.
Jelaskan tindakan bahan yang disebutkan di 2(b) (ii) ke atas kanji.
....................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]


(iv) n which part of the alimentary canal does the same action occur as in test
tube Q?
Bahagian 2anakah pada salur ali2entari, berlaku tindakan yang sa2a seperti
yang berlaku dala2 tabung uji Q?
....................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]



















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1
2(b)(iii)

6
Tot, A
,A,

1
2(b)(ii)

1
2(b)(iv)

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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



. Diagram 3 shows a human blood circulatory system.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan satu siste2 peredaran darah 2anusia.



Diagram 3
Rajah 3


(a) (i) Name organ X
Na2akan organ X.


...................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]

(ii) State the main function of the heart.
Nyatakan fungsi uta2a jantung.

..................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]







or
Exa2iner's
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1
3(a)(i)

1
3(a)(ii)

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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



(b) Oxygenated blood is transported through the pulmonary vein from the lungs to the
heart. Then, the aorta transports it from the heart to all parts of the body except the
lungs.
Darah beroksigen diangkut 2elalui vena pul2onari dari peparu ke jantung.
Ke2udian aorta 2engangkut ia daripada jantung ke se2ua bahagian badan
kecuali peparu.


(i) Mark on Diagram 3 the flow of blood by using arrows below.
Tandakan pada Rajah 3 pengaliran darah dengan 2enggunakan anak panah di
bawah.


[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]
(c) Diagram 3.1 shows the cross-section of blood vessels ! and ".
Rajah 3.1 2enunjukkan keratan rentas salur darah ! dan salur darah ".


Diagram 3.1
Rajah 3.1

(i) State one difference between blood vessels P and Q?
Nyatakan 8at: perbezaan antara salur darah P dan Q?

......................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[1 2arkah ]
(ii) Give one reason for the answer in 3 (c)(i).
Berikan 8at: sebab bagi jawapan dala2 3 (c)(i).

....................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]
or
Exa2iner's
use

2
3(b)(i)

1
3(c)(i)

1
3(c)(ii)

6
Tot, A
,A,

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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



Diagram 4.1 shows an experiment to study the factor required for photosynthesis.
Both plant have been destarched and then left in the sun for three days.
Rajah 4.1 2enunjukkan satu eksperi2en untuk 2engkaji faktor yang diperlukan bagi
fotosintesis. Kedua-dua pokok itu telah dinyahkanji dan dibiarkan di bawah cahaya
2atahari sela2a tiga hari.



Diagram 4.1
Rajah 4.1

(a) (i) State the result of the experiment when one leaf from the plant in bell jars P
and Q is tested or starch.
Nyatakan keputusan eksperi2en apabila sehelai daun pokok di dala2 serkup
kaca P dan Q diuji untuk kehadiran kanji.

......................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]
(ii) Based on the experiment, state one factor needed for photosynthesis.
Berdasarkan eksperi2en ini, nyatakan 8at: faktor yang diperlukan bagi proses
fotosintesis

.....................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]
(iii) Write the word equation for photosynthesis
Tulis persa2aan dala2 perkataan untuk fotosintesis.

.......................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]

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1
4(a)(i)

1
4(a)(ii)

1
4(a)(iii)
10
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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



(b) Diagram 4.2 shows the carbon cycle.
Rajah 4.2 2enunjukkan kitar karbon.

Diagram 4.2
Rajah 4.2

(i ) Complete the carbon cycle in Diagram 4.2 using processes chosen from the following
list.
engkapkan kitar karbon dala2 Rajah 4.2 2enggunakan proses-proses yang dipilih
daripada senarai berikut.




[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]

(ii) Give one reason why plants are important in the carbon cycle
Beri 8at: sebab 2engapa tu2buhan adalah penting dala2 kitar karbon.

......................................

......................................

[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]




or
Exa2iner's
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Respiration
Respirasi

Photosynthesis
otosintesis

Combustion
Pe2bakaran

2
4(b)(i)

1
4(b)(ii)

6
Tot, A
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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



Diagram 5 shows an experiment to study the density of several substances.
Rajah 5 2enunjukkan satu eksperi2en untuk 2engkaji ketu2patan beberapa
bahan.







(a) (i) Why does the cork float on corn oil?
Mengapakah gabus terapung di atas 2inyak jagung?


........................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]

(ii) Arrange the substances according to their density in ascending order.
Susun se2ua bahan berdasarkan ketu2patan dala2 susunan 2enaik.

................................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark]
[ 1 2arkah ]



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Diagram 5
Rajah 5

1
5(a)(i)

1
5(a)(ii)
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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



(b) Diagram 5.1 shows an egg sinks in water.
Rajah 5.1 2enunjukkan sebiji telur tenggela2 di dala2 air.

Diagram 5.1
Rajah 5.1

(i) Suggest one way to make the egg float.
Cadangkan satu cara untuk 2engapungkan telur.

................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]
(ii) Give one reason for the answer in 5(b)(i).
Berikan 8at: sebab bagi jawapan dala2 5(b)(i).

..........................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[1 2arkah ]


(c) (i) Water has a density of 1 gcm
-3
. Predict what will happen if turpentine with a
density of 0.9 gcm
-3
is added in to the water.
Air 2e2punyai ketu2patan 1 gcm
-3
. Ra2alkan apa yang berlaku sekiranya
turpentin dengan ketu2patan 0.9 gcm
-3
dita2bahkan ke dala2 air.


...............................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]








or
Exa2iner's
use


1
5(c)(i)

1
5(b)(ii)

1
5(b)(i)
13
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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



ii. Give one reason for the answer in 5(c)(i).
Berikan 8at: sebab bagi jawapan dala2 5c)i).


.................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]


(d) Table 5 shows the reading of two materials on the electronic balance.
Jadual 5 2enunjukkan bacaan dua bahan di neraca elektronik.

Material
Bahan
Volume ( cm
3
)
Isipadu ( cm
3
)
Mass ( g )
Jisi2 ( g )
Density ( g/cm
3
)
Ketu2patan ( g/cm
3
)
Rubber ball
Bola getah
9 14.6 1.6
ron block
Blok besi
9 70.8 !

Table 5
Jadual 5


Based on the result in Table 5, calculate the value of P.
Berdasarkan keputusan dala2 Jadual 5, hitungkan nilai P.

Given,
Diberi,











[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]







or
Exa2iner's
use


1
5(c)(ii)

2
5(d)
Density = mass
volume
Ketu2patan = jisi2
isipadu


Tot, A
,A,
1
[Lihat sebelah
Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



Diagram 6.1 shows the human urinary system
Rajah 6.1 2enunjukkan siste2 urinari 2anusia


Diagram 6.1
Rajah 6.1

(a) Name the structure P and Q.
Na2akan struktur P dan Q.

(i) P : ............................
Q : ............................
[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]

(ii) n Diagram 6.1, label the ureter with letter R and urethra with letter S.
Dala2 Rajah 6.1, label ureter dengan huruf R dan uretra dengan huruf S

[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]

(b) The content of excretion waste in 100 cm
3
urine sample collected from structure Q
of a man is as below:
Kandungan bahan ku2uh dala2 100 cm
3
air kencing yang dikumpul dari struktur Q
seorang lelaki adalah seperti berikut:


cretion W,8te
Bahan k:2:h
Content
Kand:ngan/g
Water
Air
96.0
Mineral salts
Gara2 Mineral
1.7
Urea
Urea
2.0
Nitrogenous waste
Bahan buangan bernitrogen
0.2
Substance Y
Bahan Y
0.1

or
Exa2iner's
use



2
6(a)(i)

2
6(a)(ii)
1
[Lihat sebelah
Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT




Substance Y is tested with Benedict solution and the solution turns into a brick-red
percipitate.
Bahan Y diuji dengan larutan Benedict dan larutan itu bertukar kepada 2endakan
2erah bata.


i. What is substance Y that is present in the urine?
Apakah bahan Y yang terdapat dala2 air kencing itu?


.....................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]

ii. State the name of the disease suffered by the man.
Nyatakan na2a penyakit yang dihidapi oleh lelaki itu.


........................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]


(c) A diet of a person will determine the contents of his urine. What kind of waste will
increase if a person takes on extra amount of the following substance:
Diet seseorang akan 2enentukan kandungan air kencing. Apakah bahan buangan
yang akan 2eningkat jika seseorang 2enga2bil bahan berikut secara berlebihan:


i. Salts : ........................................................................
Gara2


ii. Protein: ........................................................................
Protein
[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]









or
Exa2iner's
use




1
6(b)(i)

1
6(b)(ii)

2
6(c)(i)(ii)


Tot, A
,A,
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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



(a) Diagram 7 .1 shows the apparatus set-up to study the function of a step up
transformer.
Rajah 7.1 2enunjukkan susunan radas untuk 2engkaji fungsi transfor2er
injak naik.



Diagram 7.1
Rajah 7.1


(i) Based on Diagram 7.1, state the difference of the brightness between Bulb P
and Bulb Q.
Berdasarkan Rajah 7.1, nyatakan perbezaan kecerahan antara 2entol P
dan 2entol Q.

...............................

...............................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]

(ii) What inference can be made based on Diagram 7.1.
Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan Rajah 7.1.

..............................

..............................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]



or
Exa2iner's
use



1
7(a)(i)

1
7(a)(ii)
1
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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



(iii) Based on Diagram 7.2, record the readings of the voltmeter.
Berdasarkan rajah 7.2, catatkan bacaan volt2eter


Diagram 7.2
Rajah 7.2


Number of turns on secondary coil = 23
Bilangan lilitan pada gegelang sekunder

Voltmeter reading = ........ V
Bacaan volte2eter
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]

(b) Table 7.3 shows the voltmeter reading of different number of turns on the secondary
coil.
Jadual 7.3 2enunjukkan bacaan volt2eter untuk bilangan lilitan berbeza pada
gegelung sekunder.

Number or turns on
the primary coil
Bilangan lilitan pada
gegelung pri2er
Number of turns on
the secondary coil
Bilangan lilitan pada
gegelung sekunder
Voltmeter reading
Bacaan volt2eter
10 20 4
10 40 8
10 60 12
10 80
10 100 20
10 120

Table 7.3
Jadual 7.3


or
Exa2iner's
use


1
7(a)(iii)
1
[Lihat sebelah
Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT






(i) Based on Table 7.3, predict the voltmeter reading if number of turns on the
secondary coil is 80 and 120. Record the reading of voltmeter into Table 7.3
Berdasarkan Jadual 7.3, ra2alkan bacaan volt2eter jika bilangan lilitan
pada Gegelung sekunder ialah 80 dan 120. Rekod bacaan volt2eter ke
dala2 Jadual 7.3

[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]


(ii) State the variables that involve in this experiment
Nyatakan pe2bolehubah yang terlibat dala2 eksperi2ent ini.


Manipulated variable
Pe2bolehubah yang di2anipulasi



Responding variable
Pe2bolehubah yang bergerakbalas


[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]



(iii) State one hypothesis that can be made from this study.
Nyatakan 8at: hipotesis yang boleh dibuat daripada kajian ini.

...............................
...............................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]










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Tot, B
,A,

2
7(b)(i)

2
7(b)(ii)

1
7(b)(iii)
1
[Lihat sebelah
Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



A student carried out an experiment to investigate heat release by different types of
surfaces . The initial temperature of the water in both conical flasks is 80
o
C. The two
conical flasks X and Y are left to cool for 30 minutes and the temperature of the
water in conical flask X and Y are recorded at the end of the experiment.
Seorang 2urid 2enjalankan satu eksperi2en untuk 2enyiasat pe2bebasan haba
oleh jenis per2ukaan yang berlainan. Bacaan awal untuk suhu air di kedua-dua
kelalang kon ialah 80
o
C. Kedua-dua kelalang kon X dan Y dibiarkan untuk 2enyejuk
sela2a 30 2init dan suhu air untuk setiap kelalang kon X dan Y dicatatkan pada
akhir eksperi2en.









Diagram 8.1
Rajah 8.1












or
Exa2iner's
use

20
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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



(a) Based on the Diagram 8.2, record the reading of the thermometer in conical flask
X and Y every 10 minutes in Table 8.1
Berdasarkan Rajah 8.2, catatkan suhu air untuk kelalang kon X dan Y setiap 10
2init 2asing-2asing di dala2 Jadual 8.1.

After 10 minutes Thermometer Reading
Selepas 10 2init Bacaan Ter2o2eter


After 20 minutes Thermometer Reading
Selepas 20 2init Bacaan Ter2o2eter



After 30 minutes Thermometer Reading
Selepas 30 2init Bacaan Ter2o2eter

Diagram 8.2
Rajah 8.2

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21
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Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT







Flask
Kelalang
Temperature of water (
o
C)
Suhu air (
o
C)
0 minute
0 2init

10 minutes
10 2init
20 minutes
20 2init
30 minutes
30 2init
X 80 68 56 43
Y 80 67

Table 8.1
Jadual 8.1
[ 2 2ark ]
[ 2 2arkah ]
(b) State the hypothesis of the experiment..
Nyatakan hipotesis eksperi2en ini.


..................................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]

(c) State the variables involved in this experiment.
Nyatakan pe2bolehubah-pe2bolehubah yang terlibat dala2 eksperi2en ini.

(i) Manipulated variable :
Pe2bolehubah di2anipulasikan:


....................................................................................................................


(ii) Responding variable :
Pe2bolehubah bergerakbalas:


......................................................................................................................

[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]





or
Exa2iner's
use



2
8(c)(i)(ii)

1
8(b)

2
8(a)
22
[Lihat sebelah
Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



(d) (i) Based on the data in Table 8.1, draw a graph to show the relationship between
the temperature of water and time in conic, f,8 .
Berdasarkan data di dala2 Jadual 8.1, lakarkan satu graf yang 2enunjukkan
hubungan antara suhu air dengan 2asa untuk k0aang kon .


[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]



(ii) Predict the temperature of water in conical flask Y after 40 minutes.
Ra2alkan suhu air untuk kelalang kon Y selepas 40 2init.

....................................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]



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1
8(d)(ii)

2
8(d)(i)
23
[Lihat sebelah
Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



(iii) Based on the data in Table 8.1, state one relationship between the type of surface
of flasks X and Y and the temperature of water.
Berdasarkan data di dala2 Jadual 8.1, nyatakan 8at: hubungan antara jenis
per2ukaan untuk kelalang kon X and Y dan suhu air.

................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]

(iv) State the operational definition of heat release in Diagram 8.1
Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi haba yang dibebaskan dala2 Rajah 8.1

..................................................................................................................................
[ 1 2ark ]
[ 1 2arkah ]
(e) Diagram 8.3 shows four objects, S,T,U and V
Rajah 8.3 2enunjukkan e2pat objek, S,T,U dan V


S: Stainless steel cooking pot
Periuk keluli tahan karat



T: Shiny teapot
Teko berkilat


U: Black T-Shirt
Ke2eja-T hita2



V: Dark, dull cap
Topi gelap, pudar

Diagram 8.3
Rajah 8.3
or
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use














































1

%n%
8(d)(iii)

1
8(d)(iv)
2
[Lihat sebelah
Excel 2 2011 Science PMR Paper 2 SULIT



Based on the operational definition of heat release in 8 (d)(iv), classify the objects
in Diagram 8.3 according their ability to release heat.
Berdasarkan definisi secara operasi bagi haba yang dibebaskan dala2 8 (d)(iv),
kelaskan objek-objek dala2 Rajah 8.3 berdasarkan keupayaan 2e2bebaskan
haba.


C,88ific,tion
!0ng0a8an

Object
Obj0k

Good ability to release heat
Keupayaan 2e2bebaskan haba yang
baik





Poor ability to release heat
Keupayaan 2e2bebaskan haba yang
kurang baik






[ 2 2arks ]
[ 2 2arkah ]

























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OF "USTIO !A!#
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT



2
8(e)

12
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,A,