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Kevin Iturralde Viteri Javier Lueje Plouz Art Appreciation 09/11/2010 5th FIMA Byzantine Churches Characteristic: o Stones

s and columns from the ancient city were used in the building, which was originally open to the elements like the ancient temples nearby. o Around the end of the 5th century, the church became a "closed basilica" with the addition of outer walls and a vault. o Became the Carpaccios Bishop, but the old basilica was not entirely abandoned - it continued to be visited occasionally by the faithful. Temple of Ceres/Athena

Characteristic: o Originally built by Constantine the Great and rebuilt by Emperor Justinian o The Church of the Holy Apostles was ruthlessly plundered in the Crusades and later toppled by a severe earthquake

Church of the Holy Apostles

Kevin Iturralde Viteri Javier Lueje Plouz Art Appreciation 09/11/2010 5th FIMA Byzantine Mosaics

Characteristic: o Christ Pantocrator surrounded by apostles and saints in the center of the dome of the esonarthex. Characteristic: o this mosaic shows the registration of Mary and Joseph in front of the tax collector in Bethlehem maybe this curious subject was close to the heart of Treasurer Metokhites.... (I had

erroneously believed that Emperor Andronicus II Paleologos was shown dedicating the church to the Virgin....)

Kevin Iturralde Viteri Javier Lueje Plouz Art Appreciation 09/11/2010 5th FIMA Byzantine Pictures

Characteristic: o Constantine, right widely separated in organization authority of the finish Roman
sovereignty (the initial masculine for a prolonged whilst to be in which position), is formulation an additional commencement as poignant as his embracing a cause of Christianity. Immediately after the better of Licentious he sets about rebuilding Byzantium as a Christian collateral city a single in which non-believer sacrifice, the executive sermon of majestic Rome until this time, is privately forbidden.

Virgin....)

Kevin Iturralde Viteri Javier Lueje Plouz Art Appreciation 09/11/2010 5th FIMA

Characteristic: o In 323 Emperor Constantine moved the capitol of the Roman Empire to Byzantium. It was then renamed Constantinople. The Eastern part of the empire developed differently then the Western. The Western Empire fell in 400's with an invasion from the northern Germanic Tribes. The Byzantium

Empire (Eastern section) stayed in tact over a thousand years longer, till the fall of Constantinople in 1453 to the Turks. Constantinople was renamed by the Turks Istanbul, which is the the name it bears to this day. The art and architecture reflects differences between the Roman Catholic religion which develops in the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox religion which thrived in the East, in the Byzantium Empire.