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Sound Amplification System

Project Developed By:


Naresh 10B
Tajinder Kumar 10B
Deepak Kumar 10B
Amritpal Singh 10B

Guided By:
Mrs.Ekta (Science Mistress)
Iqbal Singh (CF)

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Sound Amplification System

What Is Sound?
Sound is the form of energy, just like
electricity and light. Sound Is made when air molecules vibrate and
moves in a pattern called waves.When you clap hands it produces
sound waves which travels to ears and then to brain.

Parts of sound Amplification System


1) Microphone
2) Amplifier
3) Loud speaker
4) Antenna

These parts are explained below:


1) Microphone:
Micropho
ne is a transducer
which detects sound
signals and produce
an electrical image of
the sound. The most
common
microphones for
musical use are
dynamic, ribbon or
condenser
microphones
2) Amplifier:
Amplifier is a device which converts a weak
electrical signal to strong electrical signal.

3) Loud Speaker:
Loud speaker is a device which converts
electrical signal to sound at the receiving
station

4) Antenna:

Antenna is a device signal at the sending


which sends the station and gets the

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Sound Amplification System

signal at the
receiving Station.

5) Modulator:
Modulator is a device
which is used to
translate the
frequency

Assumption of Sound Amplification system


1) Inverse square law- It states that with
increase in distance the
sound get weaker by square of the distance
2) Omni directional: The other assumption
is that the
microphones and loudspeakers are Omni
directional, i.e. their response is equal in all
directions.
Working of Sound Amplification System
a) At the sending station the microphone
converts the sound signal to electrical
signal
b) Modulator sends the signal on carrier
wave
c) Amplifier increase the power of the
signal
d) Antenna at the sending station transmit
the signal in space
e) The Antenna at the receiving station
gets the signal.
f) The amplifier at the receiving station
again amplify the signal
g) The loudspeaker situated at the
receiving station convert the electrical
signal to sound again.

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Sound Amplification System

Limitation Of Sound Amplification System


1) When a sound signal to microphone is
amplified and used to drive loudspeaker some
of the amplified sound returns to the microphone
is amplified again. It reduces the maximum
amplification which can be done by sound
amplification system.

2) The other assumption of the Sound


Amplification System is Inverse Square law, but
which is not possible in real auditoriums
3) The other assumption is Omni directional
Devices which is not always true in the real life
problems.