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21

(CIP)
/. 2006.7
(21 )
ISBN 7-301-10753-6
.

. TU973

CIP (2006) 057946

ISBN 7-301-10753-6/TU0039

205 100871

http://www.pup.cn http://www.pup6.com

62752015

62750672

62750667

pup_6@163.com

787 1092

16

16

363

2006 7 1

2006 7 1

23.00

010-62752024
fd@pup. pku. edu. cn

62754962

21

()

()

21
26
1

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

10

32

11

33

12

34

13

35

14

36

15

37

16

38

17

39

18

40

19

41

20

42

21

43

22

44

45

59

46

60

47

61

48

62

49

63

50

64

51

65

52

66

53

67

54

68

55

69

56

70

57

71

58


2004 420
19%

2004 10
10 30

2005 1 2005 4

40

2006

2005 11 26
21

60
6
2007

II

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4) 19992002

(5)

(6)

PPT
21

2006 1

20

19982002
(GB 500092001)
(GB 500112001)(GB 500102002)
(JGJ 32002)(JGJ 991998)
(YB 90821997)(JGJ 1382001)
(CECS 28:90)

1 2.3 2 2.12.2
5 3 4
6
7 8
9


2006 2

........................................................1

2.3.3

....................... 37

1.1

..............................1

2.3.4

....................... 39

1.1.1

.........................1

2.3.5

....................... 39

1.1.2

.........1

2.3.6

............................... 40

1.1.3

.................3

2.3.7

....................................... 42

1.1.4

.........6

2.3.8

........................... 46

1.2

1.3

..............................7

2.4

................................................ 48

1.2.1

.........................7

2.5

.................................................... 48

1.2.2

...............17

............................................. 50

................18
1.3.1

...................................18

............................................... 50

...............................20

3.1.1

........................... 50

1.3.3

...................22

3.1.2

............................... 51

1.3.4

...........22

3.2

................................................ 52

1.3.5

3.3

.................................................... 52

1.3.6

...................................23

3.3.1

........................... 53

3.3.2

........... 58

.......................24

3.3.3

........................... 60

1.4

................................25

.............................................27

2.2

2.3

1.3.2

2.1

3.1

3.4

................................................ 61
3.4.1

....................... 61

3.4.2

....... 62

3.4.3

........................... 63

3.4.4

............................... 65

........................................27

3.4.5

................... 67

............................28

3.4.6

................... 74

3.4.7

................... 75

2.2.1

...................................28

2.2.2

...............................30

2.2.3

- .....................31

3.5.1

............................... 76

2.2.4

...................................33

3.5.2

........................... 77

2.2.5

...................................33

3.5.3

........................... 78

........................34

3.5.4

................................... 80

3.5

........................................ 76

2.3.1

...........................35

3.6

................................................ 82

2.3.2

...............................36

3.7

.................................................... 83

VI

4.1

4.2

.............................................85

............. 133

5.4.2

............. 134

....................85

5.5

.............................................. 136

4.1.1

...85

5.6

.................................................. 136

4.1.2

...88

.......... 137

4.1.3

.......................97

6.1

.................................. 137

................98
4.2.1

...............................98

4.2.2

bf .........102

4.2.3

.........102

4.2.4

-....116
4.3.1

4.3.3

6.1.2

................................. 139

6.1.3

................................. 140

6.3

...................................... 143

6.4

6.3.1

................. 143

6.3.2

......................... 143

6.3.3

......................... 145

...................................... 147
6.4.1

................. 147

6.4.2

................. 150

6.4.3

..... 151

.........116

6.4.4

......... 152

6.4.5

......................... 155

-
.........116

4.3.2

..................... 137

...................................... 142

.................................105

6.1.1

6.2

4.3

5.4.1

.............................124

6.5

.............................................. 155

4.4

..............................................126

6.5.1

................. 156

4.5

..................................................126

6.5.2

......... 157

.................................127

6.5.3

5.1

......................................................127

5.2

..............................................128

6.6

.............................................. 160

5.2.1

.............129

6.7

.................................................. 161

5.2.2

.............130
.........130

..... 162

5.2.3
5.2.4

7.1

.......................... 162

.............................130
5.2.5
5.3

5.4
VI

............................. 158
6.5.4

7.1.1

............. 158

................................. 162

.............................131

..................131

7.1.2

................. 162

5.3.1

.....131

7.1.3

5.3.2

................................. 165

.............................132

7.1.4

................. 166

..................133

7.1.5

............................. 167


7.2

..............................................168

VII
8.5

.............................................. 203

7.2.1

.....................168

8.5.1

..................... 203

7.2.2

.........169

8.5.2

............. 203

7.2.3

8.5.3

.............................174

7.3

.....175

7.2.5

.....176

8.6.1

................. 204

7.2.6

.........................178

8.6.2

............. 205

..............................................179

8.6.3

......... 206

.......................................... 204

.................179

8.7

.............................................. 206

7.3.2

.........181

8.8

.................................................. 207

7.3.3

.........181
.........................182

7.3.4

........................................... 208

9.1

.................. 208

..............................................182

7.5

..................................................183

...............184

8.1
8.2

9.1.1

......................................... 208

9.1.2

......................... 212

......................................................184

9.1.3

................................. 213

..........................185

9.1.4

................................. 215

8.2.1

.........185

9.1.5

......................................... 220

8.2.2

.................188

8.2.3

.................189

9.2.1

......................................... 222

8.2.4

9.2.2

............. 222

.............................196

9.2.3

9.2

.............. 222

......................................... 226

..........................198
8.3.1

.........................198

8.3.2

.................200

9.3

.............................................. 238

8.3.3

9.4

.................................................. 239

.....201
8.4

8.6

7.3.1

7.4

8.3

............................. 204

7.2.4

..............................................202
8.4.1

.........................202

8.4.2

.............202

9.2.4

............. 233

............................................................. 240

VII

(
)

1.1

1.1.1

1972
9 9 4
9 16 ( 50m)17 25 ( 75m)
26 40 ( l00m)()40 (
100m )

22m25m 7
11 31m 22 () 50m
28m

(JGJ 32002)()10 10 28m


(GB 500451995)
10 10 () 24m

1.1.2

()()
()

(1)

()

1.1 (NM)( )(H)


N M

1.1

(2) ()
()
()

(3)

(4)

(5)

()

(6)

(7)

1.1.3

1.

0S R
(1-1)

SE RE / RE

(1-2)

S()
SE()
S SE
R R E

0 RE

S S E R R E 0 RE 3
3

2.
(1)

(1-3)
( u h )max u h ( u h )max
u
h
u h
u h

(P- )() u h
1-1 ( 4.6.3 )
1-1

u h

150m

250m

1/550

---

1/800

1/1000

1/1000

1/500

1/250

150m250m

(2)

u h 1-2 ( 4.6.5 )
1-2

u h

1/50

---

1/100

1/120

1/120

1/70

3.

1-3 g
4

(JGJ 991998)
150m
GB 50009 10
max 1-4
1-3

<0.005g

0.05g0.15g

0.005g0.015g

>0.15g

0.015g0.05g
1-4

max (m/s )

max

0.15

max (m/s )

0.25

4.
(1)
(
)(P- )P-

(2)
-(1-4)(1-5)
n
n

EJ d 1.4 H 2 Gi

(i12n)

(1-4)

(i12n)

(1-5)

i =1

Di 10 G j hi
j =i

-(1-6)(1-7)

EJ d 2.7 H 2 Gi

(i12n)

(1-6)

(i12n)

(1-7)

i =1

Di 20 G j hi
j =i

-(1-8)(1-9)

i =1

i =1

2.7 H 2 GiEJ d1.4 H 2 Gi

(1-8)
5

6
n

j =i

j =i

20 G j hiDi10 G j hi

(1-9)

F1()

F1i()

()

F2()
F2i()

EJd
Di i
H
hi i
Gi, Gj ij F1F2 F1iF2i 5.4.3
(3)

P-
u h 1 1000 P- u h > 1 1000
P- P-
(4)
H/B>4
H/B4 15%
1.1.4

()

()

9 8

()(
)

1.2

1.2.1
1.
280
7

100m 1000
80 10

1.2

( 1.2 )
523 41m
12 l5 836 ()
70m( 1.3 ) 16
l000
84m 11
( 1.4
) 13 9
7 l7 1994

115.7m 3756.5m

1.3

1.4

2.
1-5

1859
1883
(Home Insurance Building)11 55m
18911895
(Masonis Temple)20 92m
1903
(Ingall)16

19051909
50 213m (Metropolitan Life Building)
1913 (Woolworth Building)57 ,
241m 26 1931
(Empire State Building)102 381m
65 40
19721974
(World Trade Center Twin Towers1972
2001 911 )(Sears Tower 1.5
1.5
) 110 417m415m 443m
1995 3
1-5

1885

1889

1903

20

20 50

20 60 20 70

20 80

20 80

10

1885

20 50 1953
240m36 1955 231m
42 20 80
1973 229m 20 90
257m
259m
1968
36
60 226m20 80
48 243m 20
90 1993 3
73 296m 30 1986
280m 235m 1995
4 230m

20 50
52 179m
20 60 20 70 216m65
20 80
48 178.8m1989 369m72
5
10
(1) 101 1998 1
2003 10 101 508m()
89 39
101 4
3 (508m)(438m)
(448m) 1.6
(2)
88
451.9m 22
1993 12 27 1996 2 13 1997
1.7
10

1.6 101

11

1.7

(3)
443m 110
- 1973 9

110 1.65 103


412m 4
1.8
(4) 21
SOM 1998 8 2.36 m2
28.95 m2 420.5m88 152 5387
88
1.9

1.8

1.9
11

12

(5) Cesar Pelli

()
()2003 420m 88
1.10

1.10 ()

(6) 63
20 90 391m80
68
1.11
(7) 68 32 5
2 384m 18734m2 27 m2
40 1.12

1.11
12

1.12

13

(8) 2001 4 30
381m 102 70 20
30

1050 ( 320m)

1.22m 61m
381m 410

1.13
(9) 1993

1.13

374m78 10

(10) 1990
12.9 m2 2 70 369m 4 12

50
154 33.4 m2(
1.14 )(Burj Dubai)

9 2008
1.15

1889

13

14

1.14

1.15

3.
1977
100m(33 )

(50
160m)(43 165m
)(38 134m)

17 1.16

1.16 17
14

15

1.16()

1986 1990 9 29 1994


100m 152 29
38 24 24 17 49 25
40 50 15 (
)17 30
143 5 -
4 - 72 -
35 --
45
20 100 46
17 - 34 100
2 80 -
18

150m 20 1.9
15

16

1998 88 420.5m
()
3 101 492m 40 m2
1997 460m
2003 2
480m
7
101 3 492m 101 508m
60m 101
10 1.17 1.18

1.17

1.18

-(
)

16

17

()

1996 (42 )-1991


(39 )-
-

1996 (81 )--


1988 (43 )--

1.2.2
(1)
C100

FR FR

(2)
88 421m 88

17

18

(3)

(4)
532m
150kg/m2 300m

(5)

(6) (
)

()
()
30
3

(7)
(8) 1.3

1.3

1.3.1
20 50 20 70
3
18

19

1.

(1)

(2) D
D D D

(3)

(4)

D D

2.

>10
<10() >10
4
()

3. -
-

EI
CF
19

20

4.

()

()

()

1.3.2
20 80
20 90 486
1990
11 57
1.
1974 3
(
) 3
3 ( uv )
()

20 70 20 80 3
(
) ETS3 400 1991

2.

(1)

(2) ()

20 80
20

21

()
3
(3 3 )

( uv ) 30%20
80 (50
160m)(27 112m9 )
1987 IBM-PC 3
100 10
( 800 1500 )

TBSATAT
STW2 504
ADBW ADBW

TBSATAT 2000 28
1991

1991

3.

(Ordinary
Differential Equation SolverODES)

1990

4.

()
21

22

()-

SAP
1.3.3 1.3.4
1.3.3

1. SAP
SAP2000

SAP2000

2. ADINA
ADINA ADINAT
K.J.Bathe SAP NONSAP
12

1.3.4

1. ETABS
ETABS TABS (E.L.Wilson
)

()
P
22

23

(CQC )

2. TBFEM 2.0 SATWE


TBFEM 2.0

SATWE CAD

1.3.5

1.53 -
1.5
20 70 80

3
(1) ()

(2) -

(3)
(M. F. Giberson)
(R. W. Clough) 3
23

24

TBDYNA
ERED

(Newmark)- (Wilson)-

1.3.6
21

(1)
3
(2) -(
P
)
(3)
(4)
(5) -
--

(6)
-
(7)

(8)

(9) CAD CAD


(10)
24

1.4

25

- 3 3
3

-(
)

(JGJ 32002)(JGJ 991998)


(GB 500102002)(GB 500172003)
(GB 500112001)(GB 500092001)
(GB 500072002)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
25

26

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

26

2.1

4 4

28

2.2

3
2.2.1

2.1
4

(a)

(c)

(b)

(d)

(f) T

(g)
2.1

28

(e)

29

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
T L
( 2.2 )

2.2

29

30

2.2.2

2.3

3
(1)
(2)
(3)

2.3

2.4
30

31

LTI [

8 ( 2.4 )

2.4

2.2.3 -
-

31

32

2.5 -
3

2.5

2.6

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

2.6 -

---
32

33

2.2.4

()
()

()
( 3m )

2.7
2.7
48 161.40m8

2.2.5

33

34

2.8 ( 2007 )

2.8

2.3

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
34

35

(6)
(7)
(8)
2.3.1
(JGJ 32002)() A
B A B

(1) A 2-1
- 2-1 B
B 2-2

2-1

A (m)

70

60

55

45

25

140

130

120

100

50

150

140

120

100

60

130

120

100

80

160

150

130

100

70

200

180

150

120

80

70

40

35

30

2-2

B (m)

170

160

140

120

180

170

150

130

150

140

120

100

220

210

180

140

300

280

230

170




67 8

35

36

A -
9 B

(2)
7.1.2 7 100m8
60mB 9 A
(3) 2-2

(4) -
-
(5) -
--

2.3.2

A ( 2-3) A

2-3

6 7

B ( 2-4) B
B
A
(88 420m) 7.6(8l 320m) 8.8
2-4

6 7
7

8
6

(
36

37

2.3.3

--
-
-
-

A 2-5 9
9 9
B 2-6
2-5

30

>30

30

>30

30

>30

25

60

>60

60

>60

60

>60

50

80

>80

80

>80

80

>80

60

37

38



-
2-6

(1) 68
9 9
I
(2) 6

(3) 0.15g 0.30g


8 9
38

39

(4)

1.1

9
(5)

2.3.4
L/B
L/B Y

L/B

(1)
(2)
5% 50%
(3)

()

L ()

(4)

2.3.5

(1)

70% 3 80%

(2)

39

40

2.3.6

1.
3
2-7
2-7

()(
) 1.2
30%

50% 30%

l
B Z l
( 2.9 ) 2-8

2.9
40

41

L/B 67 489 3 l /b
1.0 l /b1 l /Bmax0.3
2-8
2-8

L l l

L/B

l /Bmax

l /b

L/Bmax

67

6.0

0.35

2.0

89

5.0

0.30

1.50

-
L/B 1.5 2
2-7
2.

3 2-9

H/B 2.10
56 2-3 2-4 5

2-9

70% 3
80% 25%
()(
)
80%

4
100150mm 50mm

(1)

41

42

H1 0.2 B1
B 0.75 2.10

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

2.10

(2)


1/3

1/3

()

2.3.7

42

43

1976
( 50150mm)(18 -
600mm)
1985
10

1.
-

(33 112m 70m)-


-
-

1973 70m
100m (30 ) 114m
(12 ) 138m
-
(1)
0.25% 0.3%
(2)

(3) (-
)
(4) 40m 700l000mm
35d(d )( 2.11)

60

43

44

1/3
2.12

2.11

2.12

2.

3
(1)

(2)

(3)

44

45

(1)
(2)
(3)

(1)

(2)

3.

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

(9 )()

4. (JGJ 32002)
2-10 2-10

45

46
2-10

(m)

75

50

55

35

65

40

45

30

40

30

30

20


--


12m

(1)
(2)
(3)
2-10
(1)
(2)
(3)

(1) 15m 70mm 15m 6


7 8 9 5m4m3m 2m 20mm
(2) - 70%
50% 70mm

2.3.8

1/3
46

47

1.

(1)
(2)

(3)
(4)

(5)

(6)

2.

(1)

(2)

(3)
20%30%

1/15 l/18
6

3.

47

48

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(
) 69 ()

2.4

(
--)

2.5

1. 12

2.
3.

48

49

4.
3
5. --

6. -
7.

49

3.1

3.1.1

xy
3.1(a) 3.1(b)
15
3.1(c)

3.1(a)

3.1(b)

3.1(c)

51

3.1.2
-

(1)
()

(2)
(1)
()()
()()

51

52

(2)

3.2

(GB 500092001)(
) 3-1
3-1

(kN/m2)

2.0

0.4

0.7

2.0

0.5

0.7

2.5

0.5

0.7

3.0

0.5

0.7

3.5

0.5

0.7

()

4.0

0.5(0.3)

0.7

5.0

0.8

0.9

7.0

0.8

0.9

3.0 kN/m
2

- 12
14kN/m2 1416kN/m2

85% 10%15%
2.0kN/m2

3.3

52

53

3.2

( 300m )(
)

3.2

3.3.1
wk
wk = z s z w0
(3-1)
w0 (kN/m2)

z z
s
z
1. w0
w0 10m 50
( 100 ) 10 v0(m/s) w0 =

v02 /1600 (kN/m2) 50


100
10

2. z

53

54

(GB 500092001)
ABCD 4
A
B
C
D
3-2

3-2

(m)

1.17

1.00

0.74

0.62

10

1.38

1.00

0.74

0.62

15

1.52

1.14

0.74

0.62

20

1.63

1.25

0.84

0.62

30

1.80

1.42

1.00

0.62

40

1.92

1.56

1.13

0.73

50

2.03

1.67

1.25

0.84

60

2.12

1.77

1.35

0.93

70

2.20

1.86

1.45

1.02

80

2.27

1.95

1.54

1.11

90

2.34

2.02

1.62

1.19

100

2.40

2.09

1.70

1.27

150

2.64

2.38

2.03

1.61

200

2.83

2.61

2.30

1.92

250

2.99

2.80

2.54

2.19

300

3.12

2.97

2.75

2.45

350

3.12

3.12

2.94

2.68

400

3.12

3.12

3.12

2.91

450

3.12

3.12

3.12

3.12

3. s

54

55

3.3

3.3(a)

3.1(b) 3.1(c)

(a)

(b)

(c)

3.3

3-3
A
3-3

55

56

L<2B
1.72.25

4. z

0.41s

( 200m)

30m 1.5
1 z

z = 1 +

z
z

(3-2)

z z
z/H
3-4 w0 T1

v 3-5
z 3-2
56

3-4
w0T12

0.01

(kNs2/m2)

w0T12

(B )

0.02

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.10

0.20

0.40

0.60

1.47

1.57

1.69

1.77

1.83

1.88

2.04

2.24

2.36

1.26

1.32

1.39

1.44

1.47

1.50

1.61

1.73

1.81

1.11

1.14

1.17

1.19

1.21

1.23

1.28

1.34

1.38

10.00

20.00

30.00

0.80

(kNs2/m2)

57

1.00

2.00

4.00

6.00

8.00

2.46

2.53

2.80

3.09

3.28

3.42

3.54

3.91

4.14

1.88

1.93

2.10

2.30

2.43

2.52

2.60

2.85

3.01

1.42

1.44

1.54

1.65

1.72

1.77

1.82

1.96

2.06

ACD 1.380.620.32
3-5
H/B

0.5

1.0

2.0

3.0

H(m)

30

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

0.44

0.42

0.33

0.27

0.24

0.21

0.19

0.17

0.42

0.41

0.33

0.28

0.25

0.22

0.20

0.18

0.40

0.40

0.34

0.29

0.27

0.23

0.22

0.20

0.36

0.37

0.34

0.30

0.27

0.25

0.24

0.22

0.48

0.47

0.41

0.35

0.31

0.27

0.26

0.24

0.46

0.46

0.42

0.36

0.32

0.29

0.27

0.26

0.43

0.44

0.42

0.37

0.34

0.31

0.29

0.28

0.39

0.42

0.42

0.38

0.36

0.33

0.32

0.31

0.50

0.51

0.46

0.42

0.38

0.35

0.33

0.31

0.48

0.50

0.47

0.42

0.40

0.36

0.35

0.33

0.45

0.49

0.48

0.44

0.42

0.38

0.38

0.36

0.41

0.46

0.48

0.46

0.46

0.44

0.42

0.39

0.53

0.51

0.49

0.42

0.41

0.38

0.38

0.36

0.51

0.50

0.49

0.46

0.43

0.40

0.40

0.38

0.48

0.49

0.49

0.48

0.46

0.43

0.43

0.41

0.43

0.46

0.49

0.49

0.48

0.47

0.46

0.45

57

58

H/B

H(m)

30

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

5.0

A
B
C
D

0.52
0.51
0.47
0.43

0.53
0.53
0.50
0.48

0.51
0.52
0.52
0.52

0.49
0.50
0.52
0.53

0.46
0.48
0.50
0.53

0.44
0.45
0.48
0.52

0.42
0.44
0.47
0.51

0.39
0.42
0.45
0.50

8.0

A
B
C
D

0.53
0.51
0.48
0.43

0.54
0.53
0.51
0.48

0.53
0.54
0.54
0.54

0.51
0.52
0.53
0.53

0.48
0.50
0.52
0.55

0.46
0.49
0.52
0.55

0.43
0.46
0.50
0.54

0.42
0.44
0.48
0.53

3.3.2

1.

xy
z (kN/m)
Wz = z z w0 ( s1 B1cos1 + s2 B2 cos 2 +  + sn Bn cos n
(3-3)
n()
B1B2Bn n
s1 s2 sn n 3-5

1 2 n n
i 0
i 90

2.

(3-1)

s2.0
0.2
+0.2
58

59

3.1 10 - 3.4
0.7kN/m2 A

3.4 3.1

T1 =0.06N=0.0610=0.6(s)
w0=0.70kN/m2
w0T12=1.380.700.62=0.348 3-4 =1.324
B=14.65H/B=39.3/14.65=2.683
A v =0.500
A Hi 3-2 z
3-6
3-6

Hi(m)

6.0

0.153

1.324

0.500

1.21

1.076

10.5

0.267

1.324

0.456

1.39

1.116

14.1

0.359

1.324

0.456

1.51

1.144

17.7

0.450

1.324

0.456

1.61

1.169

21.3

0.542

1.324

0.456

1.65

1.198

24.9

0.634

1.324

0.456

1.70

1.225

28.5

0.725

1.324

0.456

1.77

1.247

32.1

0.817

1.324

0.456

1.82

1.271

35.7

0.908

1.324

0.456

1.87

1.293

10

39.3

1.0

1.324

0.456

1.91

1.316

59

60

s=0.8+0.5=1.3
Fi=Ai zi s zi w0 3-7
3-7

(m2)

w0(kN/m2)

Fi

5.2550.15=263.29

1.076

1.300

1.21

0.70

327.30

4.0550.15=203.10

1.116

1.364

1.39

0.70

300.82

3.650.15=180.54

1.144

1.364

1.51

0.70

297.78

3.650.15=180.54

1.169

1.364

1.61

0.70

324.43

3.650.15=180.54

1.198

1.364

1.65

0.70

340.74

3.650.15=180.54

1.225

1.364

1.70

0.70

358.98

3.650.15=180.54

1.247

1.364

1.77

0.70

380.47

3.650.15=180.54

1.271

1.364

1.82

0.70

398.75

3.650.15=180.54

1.293

1.364

1.87

0.70

416.80

10

1.850.15=90.27

1.316

1.364

1.91

0.70

216.64

3.3.3

(
)

(JGJ 32002)

(1) 200m
(2) 150m

(3)
(4)

(Davenport)

60

61

//
24m 23m 530m

3
1 13001500

1.5mm
500700

60s 1h
(
)
2
5

3
3

3.4

3.4.1

6 3

8 9
9
61

62

3 (
)

()

3.4.2

1. 3
3

50 63%
50 10%
50 2%3%

1.55 1

62

63

2.
3

()

3.
(GB 500112001)()
6 6
69 10
6 6 60%
(1990)

3-8
3-8

6
0.05g

7
0.10(0.15)g

8
0.20(0.30)g

9
0.40g

3.4.3
( ) (
)3
63

64

1.
20 40
20 50

3.5

mx + cx + kx = mx0


(3-4)
mck
x x x t
x0 t

Sa T( f)
T Sa Sa1
Sa2Sa3 Sa-T Sa-T

(g)

3.6

()

3.5

3.6

F = mSa
(3-5a)
64

F = mSa =

x0,max

Sa

x0,max

mg = k G = G

65

(3-5b)

GGmg
g
kk x0,max /g g

Sa x0,max
x0,max T T
max 2.25
T
k k

2. ()
( x0 (t))

3.4.4

1.
255 7 (
6 )
k 3.8
4
T T (3-5b)
(1) T 0.1s
(2) 0.1TTg 2 max max 3-9
6789

max 2

65

66

3.7
3-9

max

0.04

0.08(0.12)

0.16(0.24)

0.32

0.50(0.72)

0.90(1.20)

1.40

(3) TTg 5Tg


(4) T5Tg 6.0s
3.7

0.05
(3-6)
= 0.9 +
0.5 + 5
1 0 0
0.05
1 = 0.02 +
(3-7)
8
2
0.05
(3-8)
2 = 1 +
0.06 + 1.7
T
0.05 0.02 0.05
0.9 1 0.02 2 1.0
2. Tg
Tg
TgTg
Tg
3-10
4 4

66

3-10

Tg(s)

67

0.25

0.35

0.45

0.65

0.30

0.40

0.55

0.75

0.35

0.45

0.65

0.90

vs 3-11
Tg

3-11

(m)

(m/s)

vse>500

500vse>250

<5

250vse>140

<3

350

>50

vse140

<3

315

>1580

>80

Tg
3.4.5
6

789 6
xy

1.
40m

67

68

FEk = 1Geq

(3-9)

1 T1

Geq Geq0.85GE
GE
100%50%80% 50%
3.8 i Fi (3-10)

3.8

Fi =

Gi H i
n

Gj H j

FEk (1 n )

(3-10)

j =1

Fn = n FEk
(3-11)
T1 1.4Tg n = 0 T1
1.4Tg n Tg 3-12
3-12

n
T11.4Tg

Tg(s)
0.35

0.08T1+0.07

0.350.55

0.08T1+0.01

>0.55

0.08T10.02

2.

n n
n (
)
68

69

(1)
xy
n n n n 3.9

3.9

j i Fji
Fji = j j x ji Gi

(3-12)

j j Tj

x ji j i
Gi j (j ) GE
j j
n

j =

ji

Gi

i =1
n

(3-13)
2

ji

Gi

i =1

3.9

()() 90%

3
1.5s 5
56 90%

69

70

(Square Root of Sum of Square SRSS )

SEK =

2
j

(3-14)

j =1

m
S j j
SEK

xy 3 n
3n 3n 3n 3
xy
x

y
( CQC )SRSS
CQC

(2)

VEKi(i )
n

VEk,i > G j

(3-15)

j =i

Gj j
3-13
1.15
3-13

3.5s

0.016(0.024)

0.032(0.048)

0.064

5s

0.012(0.018)

0.024(0.032)

0.040

3.5s 5s
0.15g 0.30g

3.

7 8 III
100m 8 IIIIV 80m 9 60m

70

71

(
)
3-14
3-14

(cm/s2)

18

35(55)

70(110)

140

0.15g 0.30g

3.2 8
7 II 3.10
T1=0.58s
5400kN27 5000kN 6000kN
600kN17 1000kN


G8=5400+0600=5400kN

27 G27=5000+50%1000=5500kN
1 G1=6000+50%1000=6500kN
G= Gi =5400+55006+6500=44900kN

3.10 3.2


3-10 Tg=0.4s 7 3-9
=0.05 =0.9Tg<T1=0.58s<5Tg

( )

0.4
1 = Tg max = 0.58
1

0.9

max=0.08

0.08 = 0.0573

Geq=0.85GE=0.8544900=38165 kN
FEk = 1Geq =0.057338165=2186.85 kN

T1=0.58s>1.4Tg=1.40.4=0.56 3-12 n =

0.08T1+0.01=0.080.58+0.01=0.0564
Fn = n FEk = 0.0564 2186.85 = 123.34kN
3-15 3.11

71

72
3-15

Hi(m)

Gi(kN)

Gi Hi

Gi Hi

Fi(kN)

Vi(kN)

25

5400

135000

639500

435.61

558.95

22

5500

121000

639500

390.44

949.39

19

5500

104500

639500

337.20

1286.59

16

5500

88000

639500

283.95

1570.54

13

5500

71500

639500

230.71

1801.25

10

5500

55000

639500

177.47

1978.72

5500

38500

639500

124.23

2102.95

6500

26000

639500

83.90

2186.85

435.61
558.95
390.44
949.39
337.20
1286.59

283.95

1570.54

230.71

1801.25

177.47

1978.72

124.23

2102.95

83.90

2186.85

3.11

3.3 3.12 3 3.12(a)


G1=1200kNG2=1000kNG3=650kN( 3.12(b)) II
8 3 T1=0.68sT2=0.24s
T3=0.16s 3.3(c)3.3(e)

G3
G2
G1

7.5m

1.735
1.000

0.139
1.000

1.316

1.000

7.5m

(a)

(b)

(c)
3.12

72

1.467

1.138

2.148

(d)

(e)

73

Tg=0.40s max=0.16
=0.05 =0.9Tg<T1=0.68s<5Tg
T1T2T3 3

T
0.4
1 = g
=
0.16 = 0.10
T
1 max 0.68
2 = 3 = max =0.16
0.9

1 =

ji

Gi

i =1
n

=
2
ji

Gi

1.000 1200 + 1.735 1000 + 2.148 650


= 0.601
1.0002 1200 + 1.7352 1000 + 2.1482 650

i =1

2 =0.291 3 =0.193
Fji Fji = j j x ji Gi
F11 = 1 1 x11G1 =0.100.6011.0001200=72.12kN
F12 = 1 1 x12 G2 =0.100.6011.7351200=104.27kN
F13 = 1 1 x13G3 =0.100.6012.148650=83.91kN
F21 = 2 2 x21G1 =0.160.2911.0001200=55.87kN
F22 = 2 2 x22 G2 =0.160.2910.1391000=6.47kN
F23 = 2 2 x23G3 =0.160.291(1.138)650=34.44kN
F31 = 3 3 x31G1 =0.160.1931.0001200=37.06kN
F32 = 3 3 x32 G2 =0.160.193(1.316)1000=40.64kN
F33 = 3 3 x33G3 =0.160.1931.467650= 29.45 kN


3 3.13(a)(b)(c)
SEK =

2
j

j =1

S3 =

2
j

= 83.912 + (34.44) 2 + 29.452 = 95.36 kN

j =1

S3 =

2
j

= 209.04 + (27.97) 2 + (11.19) 2 = 190.58 kN

2
j

= 281.16 + 27.902 + 25.87 2 = 263.07 kN

j =1

S3 =

S
j =1

3.13(d)

73

74
83.91

29.45

34.44
83.91

125.13

209.04

72.12

34.44

6.47

27.97

55.87

281.16

(a)

95.36

29.45

40.64
37.06 11.19
27.90

(b)

211.20

283.72

25.87

(c)

(d)

3.13 3.3

3.4.6
3

1.

n n /
1 2 3 f /2 (Hz
l/s) TT=1/f=2 / T1T2T3

(
)() 0 0.60.7 0.70.8(
0.80.9) 1.0

2.

(1)

T1 = 1.7 0 T

(3-16)

T Gi i
m
0
74

75

(2)
()
N

T1 = 2 0

G
i

i =1
N

2
i

g Gi i

(3-17)

i =1

Gii
i Gi i
i D
N
0

3.

1.11.5

2550m 6m
T1 = 0.06N
(3-18)

T1 = 0.05N
-
T1=(0.060.09)N
(3-19)

T1(0.080.1)N
(3-20)

T10.1N
(3-21)
N
-

3.4.7
89
9

75

76

FEvk = v,max Geq

(3-22)

Fvi =

Gi H i

FEvk

G H
j

(3-23)

j =1

N vi = Fvj

(3-24)

j =i

vmax() 0.65
Geq Geq0.75GEGE
i Nvi

3.5

3.5.1

0 SR

SERE/ RE

(3-25)
(3-26)

RE

RE

S
SE

76

77

(3-26) RE
3-16 1.0

RE RE 0.85
RE
3-16

RE

0.75

0.15

0.75

0.15

0.80

0.85

0.85

0.75

0.80

0.85

0.90

3.5.2

(u/h)max[u/h]
(3-27)

1.

(P)()u/h 3-17
3-17

150m

250m

u/h

1/550

1/800

1/1000

1/1000

1/500

1/250

150250m 3-17

77

78

2.

3-18

(1) 79 y 0.5
(2) 150m
(3)
(4)
3-18

1/50

1/100

1/120

1/120

1/70

Vi
Vy Vy/Vi
y
3.5.3

1.
S = G SGk + Q1 Q1 SQ1k + W W S Wk
S
SGkSQ1kSWk
G Q1 W

Q1 W
(1)
Q1
Q1 =1.0
78

(3-28)

79

Q1 =0.7
W =1.4 W =1.0 W =0.6
1.0
(2) (3-28)

1.35+1.40.7

1.2+1.40.7 +1.41.0
1.2+1.4
1.0+1.40.6

2.

S E = G SGE + Eh S Ehk + Ev SEvk + W W S Wk

(3-29)

SE
SGESEhkSEvkSWk

G Eh Ev W

W 0.2
(3-29)
(1) 1.2+1.3
(2) 60m
1.2+1.3+1.40.2
(3) 9
1.2+1.3+0.5
(4) 9 1.2+1.3
(5) 9 60m
1.2+1.3+1.3
+1.40.2
3-19
3-19

(
)
G

Eh
W
W
EV

1.2

1.4

++

1.2

1.4

1.4

1.0

G =1.35

G =1.0

79

80

()

1.2

1.3

1.2

1.3

1.4

0.2

Eh

3
4

+
+

EV

+
5

1.2

1.3

0.5

89

+
+

60m
9

1.2

1.3

0.5

1.4

0.2

60m
9

Q1 =1.44kN/m2 1.3

3.5.4
()

()

(1)

(2)
(3)
(4)

3-20
3-21 3-22
80

3-20

6
6
6

81

7
6
7

8
7
8

9
8
9

6
6
7

7
7
8

8
8
9

9
9
9+

9+ 9
3-21

(m)

(m)

(m)

3-22

30

60

80

>80

7
30

60

80

8
30

60

80

>30

>60

>80

>30

>60

25

50

>80

60

>30

>60

81

82

3.6

1.

2.

3
3

()()(
)3


T Tg Tg
3
6 7
89 6

9 89

82

83

()

3.

3.7

1.
2.
3. 3.14
90

4. - 3.14 16
3m 48m 50

3.14 3 4

5.
6.
7.
8.

9.

83

84

10.

11.
12.
3s

13.
14.
15.

16. n

17.
?
18.
()
19.

20.
21.

22.
23.
24.
30 99m 7
9

84

()
(D )
()

4.1

4.1.1
1.
(1)

(2)
4.1 4.1(a) 4.1(b)

(3)
0.9 1/2 1/3 4.2

(a)

(b)
4.1

86

(a)

(b)

4.2

0.80.9

0.70.8

(4-1)
1
( g + q)l 2
16
gq l

4kN/m2
M

(4-1)

2.
(1) 4.3

4.3

M ik = M ik + 2M ik + M ki + M ik

(4-2)

M ik ik i
M ik i
M ik M ik = 2kik i
M ki M ki = 2kki k
M ik ik i

(2) i 4.4
M ik = 0

(4-3)

M
i

86

ik

= Mi

(4-4)

4.4

M i + 2 M ik + M ki + M ik = 0
i

87

(4-5)

1
= ( M i + M ki + M ik )
2
i
i

ik

(4-6)

M ik i
i

M ik = ik [ M i + ( M ki + M ik )]

(4-7)

M ik = ik ( M i + M ki )

(4-8)

ik ik =

kik

2 kik
i

(3)

3. ( UBC )
[Uniform Building Code] ()

(1) 20%
(2) 3
(3)
(4)

M = u ln2

(4-9a)

V = u ln

(4-9b)

u
ln

4.5
4.6

(a)

(b)

4.5
87

88

(a)

(b)

4.6

4.1.2

1.
3
(1)
2/3 4.7
(2)

4.8

4.7

4.8

V31 = D31 3 V32 = D32 3 V33 = D33 3


P3
P
3 =
= 3 3
D31 + D32 + D33
D3 j

(4-10)

j =1

Pi i V3i i D3i =
88

12 EI
H 33i

D31

P3
D
j 3 j

D32
V32 = D32 3 =
P3
D
j 3 j

D33
V33 = D33 3 =
P3
j D3 j

89

V31 = D31 3 =

(4-11)

4.9 4.10
D21
V21 =
( P2 + P3 )
j D2 j

D22
V22 =
( P2 + P3 )

j D2 j

D23
V23 =
( P2 + P3 )

j D2 j

D11
V11 =
( P1 + P2 + P3 )
D
j 1 j

D12
V12 =
( P1 + P2 + P3 )

D
j 1 j

D13
V13 =
( P1 + P2 + P3 )

j D1 j

4.9

i j Vij =

(4-12)

(4-13)

4.10

Dij

Ps
s =i

ik

k =1

(3)
=
(4)
4.11 M b = M c1 + M c2

(4-14)
89

90

ib1

M b1 = i + i ( M c1 + M c2 )

b1
b2
4.12
i
M = b2 ( M + M )
c1
c2
b2 ib1 + ib2

(4-15)

M c2

Mb
M c1

(a)

Mb
M c1

(b)

4.11

4.12

M ci i M bi i ibi i

i = EI / l

2. D
1)

4.13

D0 = 0

D1 =

12EI
h3

D0 < D < D1

4.13

12EI
h3
c 4-1
D = c D1 = c

4.14
12 EI
D = c
(h)3
2
h

c = c
h
4.15
1
D =
2
2
1 h1
1 h2
+


D1 h
D2 h
90

(4-16)

(4-17)

(4-18)

4-1

91

i=

i1 + i2 + i3 + i4
2ic

c =

i
2+i

i=

c =

i1 + i2
ic
0.5 + i
2+i

4.14

i=

i1 + i2
ic

c =

0.5i
1 + 2i

4.15

2)

4.16
(4-19) y0 y1 y2 y3 4-2 4-4
y = y0 + y1 + y2 + y3

(4-19) 4.16
y0 y1
y2 y3

3)

3.
1)
4.17

2)
4.18
l /2

V31 = 1 P3

l / 2 + l2 / 2
V32 = 1
P3
L

l2 / 2

V33 =
P3

(4-20)

91

92

4.17

4.18

li i

L = li

4.19

4.19

4-2

y 0

i
n

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.45

0.40

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.95

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.15

0.20

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.55

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.00

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.05

0.05

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.65

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.10

0.90

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

j
1

92

93

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

0.20

0.00

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.10

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.65

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.20

0.95

0.80

0.75

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.30

0.00

0.10

0.20

0.25

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.00

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.20

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.70

0.60

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.20

0.95

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.35

0.05

0.10

0.20

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.10

0.15

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.10

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.75

0.60

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.20

0.95

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.35

0.15

0.10

0.15

0.25

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.10

0.15

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.05

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.20

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.75

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.20

1.00

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.40

0.05

0.10

0.20

0.25

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.15

0.15

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.05

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.15

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.25

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.55

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.80

0.65

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.20

1.00

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

93

94

i
n

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

10

0.40

0.05

0.10

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.15

0.15

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.00

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.10

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.20

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.30

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.55

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.80

0.65

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.30

1.00

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

11

0.40

0.05

0.10

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

10

0.15

0.15

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.00

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.10

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.20

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.25

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.80

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.30

1.00

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.40

0.05

0.10

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.15

0.15

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.00

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.10

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.20

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.25

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.30

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.60

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.80

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.30

1.00

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

10

11

12

94

4
4-3

95

y 0

i
n

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.45

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

1.00

0.85

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.25

0.25

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.60

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.15

0.90

0.80

0.75

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.70

0.60

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.20

0.95

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.05

0.10

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.20

0.25

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.45

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.75

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.30

1.00

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.15

0.05

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.10

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.80

0.65

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.30

1.00

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.20

0.05

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.05

0.20

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.20

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.80

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.30

1.00

0.90

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.20

0.05

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.00

0.20

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.15

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.30

0.45

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.60

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.85

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.30

1.00

0.90

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.25

0.00

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.00

0.20

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.15

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.25

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.60

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.85

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.35

1.00

0.90

0.80

0.75

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

95

96

i
n

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

10

0.25

0.00

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.05

0.20

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.10

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.20

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.30

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.60

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.85

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.35

1.00

0.90

0.80

0.75

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

11

0.25

0.00

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

10

0.05

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.10

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.20

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.25

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.65

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.85

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.35

1.05

0.90

0.80

0.75

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.30

0.00

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.30

0.30

0.35

0.35

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.10

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.05

0.25

0.35

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.15

0.30

0.40

0.40

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.25

0.35

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.30

0.40

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.35

0.40

0.55

0.45

0.45

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.35

0.45

0.55

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.45

0.45

0.55

0.45

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.65

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.70

0.70

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.55

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.50

1.35

1.05

0.90

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.70

0.70

0.65

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.55

0.55

10

11

12

96

4
4-4

97

y1

i
0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

0.4

0.55

0.40

0.30

0.25

0.20

0.20

0.20

0.15

0.15

0.15

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.5

0.45

0.30

0.20

0.20

0.15

0.15

0.15

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.6

0.30

0.20

0.15

0.15

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.00

0.00

0.7

0.20

0.15

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.8

0.15

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.9

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

i1 + i2 < i3 + i4 1 = (i1 + i2 ) /(i3 + i4 ) i3 + i4 < i1 + i2 1 = (i3 + i4 ) /(i1 + i2 )


1
4-5

y2 y3

i
0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

2.0

0.25

0.15

0.15

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.0

0.0

1.8

0.20

0.15

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.6

0.4

0.15

0.10

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.4

0.6

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.2

0.8

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.0

1.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.8

1.2

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.6

1.4

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.4

1.6

0.15

0.10

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.8

0.20

0.15

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.0

0.25

0.15

0.15

0.10

0.10

-0.10

0.10

0.10

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.0

0.0

2 = h / h y2 2 y2 3 = h / h
y3 3 y3

4.1.3

1.

u j =

Vpi

(4-21)

ij

u = u j

(4-22)

j =1

Vpj j

ij

j
97

98

u j

u j

Hj
Hj

(4-23)

H j j

2. ()
1
Hi
50
up = p ue
up

(4-24)
(4-25)

up
ue

p 5.5.4
3.
n

Di 10 G j / hi

(i = 1, 2, , n)

(4-26)

j =i

G j j hi i

4.2

4.2.1

1.
(1) 4.20
h b <5( 4)
h b =58
h b >8

4.21

4.20

4.21

(2)

16%( 4.22 )
()

98

99


16%
(
4.23 )

4.22

4.23


4.24

4.24


4.25

99

100

4.25

2.
(
) I n I

1)
( 4.26 )

=H

12 I b a 2

(4-27)

Th( I1 + I 2 )l03

=H

12
m+1

Th I j

I bj a 2j

j =1

l b3j

(4-28)

j=1

m +1

T T = Ai yi2 / I
i =1

4.26

34 0.857 0.858 0.9


m +1

I I = I j + Aj y j
j =1

j =1

m +1

I n I n = I I j
j =1

I bj 0

I bj j I bj =
1+

30 I bj 0

Abj lb2j

I1 I 2 12
m
h
H
a j j

lbj j
I j j
I bj 0 j ()
100

101

1.2I
T 4-6
Abj j

4-7
4-6

bf t

10

12

1.383

1.496

1.521

1.511

1.483

1.445

1.441

1.876

2.287

2.682

3.061

3.424

1.362

1.097

2.033

2.367

2.698

3.026

hw t

1.313

1.572

1.838

2.106

2.374

2.641

10

1.283

1.489

1.707

1.927

2.148

2.370

12

1.264

1.432

1.614

1.800

1.988

2.178

15

1.245

1.374

1.519

1.669

1.820

1.973

20

1.228

1.317

1.422

1.534

1.648

1.763

30

1.214

1.264

1.328

1.399

1.473

1.549

40

1.208

1.240

1.284

1.334

1.387

1.442

4-7

10

12

16

20

30

10

0.886

0.948

0.975

1.000

1.000

1.000

12

0.886

0.924

0.950

0.994

1.000

1.000

14

0.853

0.908

0.934

0.978

1.000

1.000

16

0.844

0.896

0.923

0.964

0.988

1.000

18

0.836

0.888

0.914

0.952

0.978

1.000

20

0.831

0.880

0.906

0.945

0.970

1.000

22

0.827

0.875

0.901

0.940

0.965

1.000

24

0.824

0.871

0.897

0.936

0.960

0.989

26

0.822

0.867

0.894

0.932

0.955

0.986

28

0.820

0.864

0.890

0.929

0.952

0.982

30

0.818

0.861

0.887

0.926

0.950

0.979

2)
In

I
I
10 n >
I

10

101

102

1< <10
1
4.2.2 bf

(1) 4.27
4-8
4-8

bf

T
S
S
b + 01 + 02
2
2

S
b + 02
2

b + 12hf

b + 6hf

H
10

H
20

b01

b02

L [

4.27

(2) 4.28
a 8 2.5m
1.2 0.8

4.28

(3) ( 4.28 ) 15

4.2.3

102

103

45

()

1.

2.
4.29 j

4.29

3.
(1)

(2) 4.30

4.30
103

104

IH
[(1 )( p1e1 + p2 e2 k0 S1 )]
( I1 + I 2 )h
H
N j = p j (1 ) k01
h
I +I
I + I
S

k0 = p2 e2 + 1 2 p1 e1 + 1 2
I
aA2
aA1

M j N j j
Mj =

(j = 1, 2)

(4-29)
(4-30)
(4-31)

I
p1 p2 1 2 p1 = N1 n p2 = N 2 n
e1 e2 p1 p2
A1 A2

a
H
h
aA1 A2

A1 + A2
1 1 4.31

S S =

4.31 1

104

Vb = k02
l
l
M b = V0 0 = k02 0
2
2

(4-32)
(4-33)

105

Vb M b

2 2 4.32

4.32 2

4.

5.

4.2.4

( Ec I eq )i
qmax
(4-34)
( qmax )i = m +1
E
I
( c eqj )
j =1

Fi =

( Ec I eq )i
m +1

(E I )

(4-35)

c eqj

j =1

105

106

qmax

( qmax )i i
Fi i
Ec I eqj

1.
(1)
16%
4.33

4.33

My
(4-36)
I
VS
=
(4-37)
Ib
M V
I S b y

(2)
4.34

Aq = (1 1.25

AOP
)A
A0

(4-38)

A
AOP
A0

I q

Ii hi
Iq =
(4-39) 4.34
hi

106

11 V0 H 3
3.64 Ec I q
(1 +
)

H 2 GAq
60 Ec I q

3
4 Ec I q
1 V H
(1 + 2
)
= 0
H GAq
8 Ec I q
V H3
3 Ec I q
1 0
(1 + 2
)
3 Ec I q
H GAq
V0

107

( )

(4-40)
(4 - 40)

( )

(4-41)
(4 - 41)

( )

(4-42)
(4 - 42)

G G = 0.4 Ec

Ec I eq

11 V0 H 3

60 Ec I eq

3
1 V H
= 0
8 Ec I eq
V H3
1 0
3 Ec I eq

()

(4
- 43)
(4-43)

()

(4
- 44)
(4-44)

()

(4-45)
(4
- 45)

3 Ec I eq

Ec I q

Ec I eq =
3.64 Ec I q
1+

H 2 GAq

Ec I q
4 E I
c q
1 +

H 2 GAq

Ec I q

1 + 3 Ec I q

H 2 GAq

()

(4(4-46)
- 46)

()

(4(4-47)
- 47)

()

3 Ec I eq
Ec I q
Ec I eq =
9 I q
1+
Aq H 2

(4(4-48)
- 48)

(4-49)

2.
(1)

15% 4.35

4.35
107

108

M j = 0.85M i

N j = 0.85M i

Vj =

Ij
I

+ 0.15M i

Ij

(4-50)
j

Aj y j

(4-51)

Ij
Vi Aj
+
(
)
2 Aj I j

(4-52)

M i Vi i

I j Aj j
y j j
I

M j = M j 0 + M j
(4-53)
h0
2
M j 0
M j = V j

(4-54)

M j
V j j
h0

(2)
1.20

qH 4
4 EI
(1 +
)
1.2
2
EI
8
GAH

11q max H 4
3.64 EI

= 1.2
(1 +
)
60
EI
GAH 2

4
1.2 PH (1 + 3EI )

3EI
GAH 2

()

(4-55)

()

(4-56)

()

(4-57)

A A = Aj
j =1

I (4-27)
3.
(1)

() 4.36
108

109

4.36



(2)
4.37
( x) ( x) ( x)

4.38

4.37

(a)

(b)

(c)

4.38
109

110

1 + 2 + 3 = 0

(4-58)

12 I b a 2
A + A2
+ 1
( x)
3
A1 A2
hl ( I1 + I 2 )
Ib a x
12
( I + I ) hl 3 ( H 1)V0
2
1

12 I b a ( x 1)V 24 EI b l0V0

0
= ( I1 + I 2 ) hl 3 H
G ( A1 + A2 ) H 2 hl 3

I a
12
b 3 V0

+
(
)
I
I
hl
1
2

( x)

()

59)
(4(4-59)

()

60)
(4(4-60)

()

61)
(4(4-61)

V0
I b
Ib =
1+

I b0

12 EI b0
GAb l 2

1+

I b0
30 I b0
Ab l 2

hb

2
= 1.2
( x) ( x)
m( x) = ( x) a
j Vbj = j ( x) h
l l = l0 +

j M bj = Vbj

l0
2

(4-62)
(4-63)
(4-64)

j Nij = Vbk (i = 1, 2)

(4-65)

I1
I1

M1 = I + I M j , M 2 = I + I M j
1
2
1
2
j
n
M = M m ( x)

k
pj
j
k= j

(4-66)

k= j

(3)
11 V0 H 3

60 Ec I eq

3
1 V H
= 0
8 Ec I eq
V H3
1 0
3 Ec I eq
110

()

(4-67)
(4
- 67)

()

(4
- 68)
(4-68)

()

(4
- 69)
(4-69)

111

Ec I eq 3 (4-70)(4-72) T
(4-28)

Ec I i

2
1 + 3.64 T + T

Ec I i

Ec I eq =
2
1 + 4 T + T

Ec I i

1 + 3 2 T + T
2
sh
60 1 2 + 2sh
11 2 3 3 ch 2 ch ch

2
sh
8 1 1
= 2 + 2 2

ch ch
2
3
sh

2 1
ch
E Ii
2 = 2
H G Ai / i

(4-70)
(4
- 70)
(4-71)
(4
- 71)
(4-72)
(4
- 72)
(4-73)
(4
- 73)
(4(4-74)
- 74)
(4(4-75)
- 75)

(4-76)

(4) 4.39

4.39


4.40(c) 4.40(d)
(b) 4.40(b)
111

112

4.40

4.
(1)
4.41
(4-77)

4.41

lb1 = a1 0.25hb
l = a 0.25h
b2
2
b

l
=
c

0.25
b
c
c1 1
lc2 = c2 0.25bc

(4-77)



D y
D
4.42

l
EI = EI 0v
l0
EI 0

v 4-9
112

(4-78)

113

l0
hb

4.42
4-9

hb l 0

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

1.00

0.97

0.89

0.79

0.68

0.57

0.48

0.41

0.34

0.29

0.25

(2) D
12 4.43 1 2
al bl

al + bl
a+b
=
l
1 a b

(4-79)

4.43

m12 m21 1 2
1 2 m1 2 m21 1 2
1 2

113

114

1
1 a b
6 EI
1

(1 + i )l 1 a b
1+ =

m1 2 = m21
=

(4-80)

6 EI
(1 + i )(1 a b) 2 l

i i =
m1 2 + m21
l
6 EI
=
(1 a b)3 l 2 (1 + i )

(4-81)
12 EI
GAl 2

V1 2 = V21 =

m12 = m1 2 + V1 2 al =

6 EI (1 + a b)
= 6ci
(1 + i )(1 a b)3 l

(4-83)

m21 = m21 + V21 bl =

6 EI (1 a + b)
= 6ci
(1 + i )(1 a b)3 l

(4-84)

c=

1+ a b
(1 + i )(1 a b)3

(4-85)

c =

1 a + b
(1 + i )(1 a b)3

(4-86)

i=

(4-82)

EI
l

K12 = ci

(4-87)
K 21 = ci

(4-88)

m12 = 6 K12

m21 = 6 K 21
(4-89)
c + c
m = 12i K =
i D
2
c + c
Kc =
ic
(4-90)
2

K i K = ci ci
c + c
ic D
Kc =
2
12K c
D=
(4-91)
h2

4-10

114

4-10

k 2=ci2

k1=c ' i1

k 2=ci2

kc=

c+c i
2 c

k 4=ci4

k c=

k3=c ' i3

k2=ci2

k1=c ' i1

c+c i
2 c
'

k 4=ci4

k 2=ci2

c+c 'i
kc=
2 c

c+c 'i
kc=
2 c

(k2 +k4 )
2k c

c =

K
2+ K

c =

0.5 + K
2+ K

k +k +k +k
K= 1 2 3 4
2k c

K=

K=
'

115

k2
2k c

k +k
K= 1 2
2k c

(3) ( 4.44 )

4.44

y = a + syn + y1 + y2 + y3

(4-92)

s = h / h = 1 a b
(4-93)
yn K

K
K =
ic =

sK1 + sK 2 + sK 3 + sK 4
K + K 2 + K3 + K 4
= s2 1
2ic / s
2ic

(4-94)

EI
h
115

116

y1 K 1

1 = ( K1 + K 2 ) ( K 3 + K 4 ) ( K3 + K 4 ) ( K1 + K 2 )
y2 K 2
2 = h h
y3 K 3

3 = h h

4.3

--
2
- 4.45

4.45 -

4.3.1 -
-(
12kN/m214kN/m2 )

4.1.1
4.2.3
4.3.2 -

1.

(1)
116

117

(2) ()
()

(3)

(4)
(60m )

2.

4.46
0.55 ()

(a) ()

(b) ()

4.46 -

3. -
1) -
(1)
()
Cf (Cf )

4.47

4.47 D i
Cfi = Di hi
Di Di = 12 Ec cj
j

Ij
h3

(4-95)

h
117

118

cj D
Cf = Cfi

Cf = D h
(4-96)
D + D2 +  + Dn
h + h +  + hn
D = 1
h = 1 2
n
n
(2)
3 4.48
a
x
2

H
x
(4-97)
10
b
x
3
ab--

4.48

(m j
)
EI = ( EI )1 + ( EI ) 2 +  + ( EI ) n
(4-98)

( EI )1 h1 + ( EI ) 2 h2 +  + ( EI ) n hn
EI =
H
( EI )i i

(4-99)

hi i

EI w =

118

EI eq
9 I q
1+
Aq H 2

(4-100)

0.8EI eq

EI w =
1+

119

(4-101)

9 I q
H 2 Aqi

2)

(a)

(b)

(c) -

4.49 -

- 4.50
pw pf 4.51

4.50

4.51

119

120

(1)
p = pw + pf

(4-102)

yf = yw = y

(4-103)

dy Vf
=
dx Cf

Vf = Cf

dy
dx

(4-104)

dVf
d2 y
= Cf 2
dx
dx
y

d2 y
M w = EI w 2
dx
d3 y
Vw = EI w 3
dx
d4 y
pw = EI w 4
dx
pf pw
pf =

EI w

S=

(4-105)

(4-106)
(4-107)
(4-108)

d4 y
d2 y
C

=p
f
dx 4
dx 2

(4-109)

EI w
Cf

d4 y 1 d2 y
p
2 2 = 2
4
S dx
S Cf
dx

(4-110)

x
x
p 2
y = Ash + Bch + C1 + C2 x
x
2Cf
S
S
x
x
sh ch
S
S
x

x eS e S
x eS + e
sh =
ch =
S
S
2
2
ABC1 C2
x=0 y=0
dy
x=0
= 0
dx
d2 y
x=H M w = EI w 2 = 0
dx
d3 y
dy
x=H Vf + Vw = EI w 3 + Cf
=0
dx
dx
120

(4-111)

x
S

(4-112)

121

dy d 2 y d 3 y
y 2 3 4
dx dx
dx
pHS
A=
Cf
B=

pS 2

Cf

( =

H
1 + sh
=
)
ch
S

pS 2

Cf
A pH
C2 = =
S Cf
C1 = B =

SpH
x S2 p
x S2 p
pH
p 2
y=
sh +
ch
+
x
x
Cf
S Cf
S Cf
Cf
2Cf
=

(4-113)

Cf
H
x
=
=H
H
S
EI w

Cf
EI w


1
sh + 1
1 2 pH 4
2

U x = 4


ch
1
sh
(
)

2 EI w
ch

(2)

d 2 y pH 2 sh + 1
ch sh 1
M w = EI w 2 = 2
dx
ch

3
d y pH
sh + 1
ch
Vw = EI w 3 =
sh

ch

dx


Vf = (1 ) pH Vw

(4-114)

(4-115)
(4-116)

(4-117)

(3) -
4.52
1 ()
6 ()
16

 ()
 ()
x
 ( =
= 0.6 0.3 )
H

121

122

4.52 -


Vf 20%

0
(4) 3

qH 2 sh sh ch 1 1 1
sh 3

+ 2

y=
(4-118)
1 +
2

2
6
Cf
ch 2

qH 2 sh sh ch 1

+ sh
1 +

2
ch 2
2

sh sh sh 1
qH

+ ch 1
Vw = 2
1 +

2

ch
2

Mw =


qH 2 1 + sh

2
y=
(ch 1) sh + 1
2
Cf ch
2
2
1 + sh
qH

M w = 2

ch sh 1

ch

1
+

sh

qH
sh
ch
Vw =


ch

PH 3 sh
1
1
y=
(ch 1) 3 sh + 2
EI w 3 ch

(4-119)
(4-120)

(4-121)
(4-122)
(4-123)

(4-124)

sh
1
(4-125)
M w = PH
ch sh

ch

sh
Vw = P ch
sh
(4-126)
ch

yM w Vw 3
(5) -
Vf 0.2V0
(4-127)
V0
122

123

Vf()

Vf,max

(4-127)(4-127)
0.2V0 1.5Vf,max
(a)

(a)

3)
(1)

yi = 0.5 C1r i 1 C2 r n i
(4-128)
r = (1 + 3k ) (1 + 3k )2 1
1
C1 =

1 + 6k r
C2 = 0.5r

n
i
kb
k =
kc
(2)

i
1
(4-129)
i =
2.3hc( + a) N
1+ 2
H r (m1 + m2 a)
Vi
V
EI
=
a =
( 4.53 ) c =

Ei Awi
V
V
EI (i )

123

124

Vw

V = V + V

4.53

p=

> 0.4

Awi i (m2)
Ei i (t/m2)

N
H(m)
r r = 1 1.25 p

= 0.8
= 0.5 0.7
m1 m2
kk=1.2 I k =

i EI i = EI i i

i Di =

EI i
EI

(4-130)
(4-131)

i i
1
4.3.3 -
-

1.
(1) ( 4.54 )

4.54
124

125

(2) -

G
G
-( 4.55 ) =
Ac + Aw

(a)

(b)

4.55

2.
- Aw + Ac Af
Aw Af 4-11
4-11

Aw + Ac
Af

Aw
Af

3%5%

1.5%2.5%

4%6%

2.5%3%

3.

(1) 50%
50% 2.4
(2) Vf,max 0.2 FEK 1.15

Vf,max
V0

= 0.2 0.4

(3) 1.15 2.4 1.52.0

- T1 (0.06 ~ 0.08)n (s)

n FEK = G 4-12
125

126
4-12

(%)

1.53

35

79

II

23

46

912

III

35

58

1116

IV

47

912

1622

4.4

()
(D )

-
-

4.5

1. D
2.

3.
4. -
5.
6.

126

()()

5.1

4 -
(
)

5.1
()

5.2

5.1

128

5.2

( 3 )

5.2

xy
5.3
(5-1) xOy xm
ym
128

5
xm = xi mi

ym = yi mi

m = x w w
m = y w w
i

129

(5-1)

miwi i
xi yi i

5.3

5.2.1

Dyi = Vyi y
Dxk = Vxk x

(5-2)

Vyi y i

Vxk x k
x y x y
(x y )

5.1 xOy(
) y m 1,2,,i,,m
Dy1,Dy2,,Dyi,,Dym x
1,2,,k,,r Dx1,Dx2,,Dxk,Dxr
y1,y2,,yk,,yr x,y
m

x0 = Dyi xi

i =1

y0 = Dxk yk
k =1

yi

i =1

(5-3)

xk

k =1

129

130

5.2.2
D y x
D (5-3) x0 y0(5-3)
x0, y0
5.2.3
(5-2) Vyi Vxk
Vy,Vx i k
(5-4)(5-2)(5-4)(5-3)
(5-5)(5-5)

EJ eqyi
Vyi = m
Vy
EJ eqyi
i =1

EJ dxk

Vxk =

EJ

(5-4)

Vx

eqxk

k =1

x0 = J eqyi xi
i =1
r

y0 = J eqxk yk
k =1

eqyi

i =1

(5-5)

J eqxk
k =1

5.2.4 -
-
(5-2)(5-3) y
x
m

x0 =

(V

y ) xi

yi

i =1

(V

yi

i =1

[(V

xk

y0 =

k =1

y )
x ) yk ]

(Vxk x )
k =1

yi i

i =1
m

yi

i =1
r

xk

yk

(5-6)

k =1
r

xk

k =1

(5-6) Vyi Vxk - y x


-
(5-6)(5-6)
130

131

5.2.5
( 5.2 ) eox eoy
y ()Vy x ()Vx ex ey

(5-7)
ei = 0.05Li
(5-7)
Vy Vx (5-8)
ex = eox 0.05Lx

ey = eoy 0.05 Ly

(5-8)

Li i

LxLy
eoxeoy
eox = xo xm

eoy = yo ym

5.3

5.3.1
5.1(a) Vy
OD ex Mt=Vyex Vy Mt
5.1(a) 5.1(b) 5.1(c)
5.1(b) y 5.1(c)
y

OD
5.1
Vy (5-9)(5-10)
y i y
yi = y + xi

(5-9)

x k x
xk = yk

(5-10)

xiykx i y k yODx

131

132

5.3.2
Vy y i x
k (5-11)(5-12)
Vyi = Dyi yi = Dyi y + Dyi xi
(5-11)
Vxk = Dxk xk = Dxk yk

(5-12)

Y = 0 M = 0
m

i =1

i =1

Vy = Vyi = y Dyi + Dyi xi

(5-13)

i =1

i =1

k =1

Vy ex = Vyi xi Vxk yk = y Dyi xi + Dyi x 2 + Dxk yk2

(5-14)

(5-14) 5.3 Vxk yk

OD
(5-15)
Dyi xi = 0
(5-13)(5-14)
Y = Vy Dyi
=

(5-16)

V y ex

(5-17)

x + Dxk yk2

2
yi i

(5-16) Dyi y (5-17)

Dyi xi2 + Dxk yk2


y (5-11)(5-12)
Vyi =

Dyi

Vxk =

Vy +
yi

Dyi xi

x + Dxk yk2

2
yi i

Dxk yk
Vy ex
D
x
yi i2 + Dxk yk2

Vy ex

(a)
(b)

x Vx Vx Vxey
Dxk
Dxk yk
(c)
Vxk =
Vx +
Vx ey
D
D
x
xk
yi i2 + Dxk yk2
Vyi =

Dyi xk

x + Dxk yk2

2
yi i

Vx ey

(d)

(a)(b)(c)(d) Vy Vx Vy Vyex Vx
Vxey y i x k

(a) y Vyi
(d) x Vyi (a) Vyi
(a)(c) Vxk
132

133

x (b) Vxk(c)
Vyi
(5-18)(5-19)

Dyi
ex xi Dyi
Vyi = 1 +
V
(5-18)
2
2
D x + D y D y
yi i
xk k
yi

Dxk
ey yk Dxk
Vxk = 1 +
V
2
2
D x + D y D x
yi
i
xk
k
xk

Dyi
Vyi = yi
Vy
Dyi
Vxk = xk

Dxk
Vx
Dxk

(5-19)
(5-20)
(5-21)

ex xi Dyi
yi = 1 +
(5-22)
Dyi xi2 + Dxk yk2

xk = 1 +

5.4

ey yk Dxk

x + Dxk yk2

2
yi i

(5-23)

5.4.1

1.2 1.5( 1.4)


Tt T1 0.9(A
0.85)
(5-18)(5-19) Dyi xi2 + Dxk yk2
DyiDxk
133

134

Dyi Dxk

5.4.2
()
VyiVxk (5-22)
(5-23)(5-18)(5-19)
(1) (5-22)(5-23)
1 11
1

(2) Dyi xi2 Dxk yk2

(3) -(5-22)(5-23)
-
(5-2)
(4) -

5.1 5.4 j
x y D y Vy1000kN

5.4 5.1
134

135

5-1 xOy

5-1

Dyi

x'

x' 2

Dyix'

Dyi x' 2

Dxk

y'

y' 2

Dxk y'

Dxk y' 2

20

30

36

36

216

20

120

36

720

13

12

156

144

1872

20

12

240

144

2880

18

108

324

1944

30

18

540

324

9720

10

24

240

576

5760

55

9792

100

540

900

13320

540
= 9.82m
55
900
y0 = Dxk y Dxk =
= 9.0m
100
xODy y = y y0 Dxk y = y0 Dxk ,
x0 = Dyi x

yi

y 2 = Dxk ( y y0 ) = Dxk y 2 2 y0 Dxk y + Dxk y02


2

xk

= Dxk y 2 2 y02 Dxk + y02 Dxk = Dxk y 2 y02 Dxk


= 13320 92 100 = 5220

yi

x 2 = Dyi x2 x02 Dyi = 9792 9.822 55 = 4488

(5-22)

yi = 1 +

( D )e x
D x + D y
yi

x i

=1+

55 2.18
xi = 1 + 0.01235 xi
4488 + 5220

x1 = 9.82

y1 = 1 0.01235 9.82 = 0.879

x2 = 3.82

y 2 = 1 0.01235 3.82 = 0.953

x3 = 2.18

y 3 = 1 + 0.01235 2.18 = 1.026

x4 = 8.18

y 4 = 1 + 0.01235 8.18 = 1.101

x5 = 14.18

y 5 = 1 + 0.01235 14.18 = 1.175

(5-20)
D y1
20
V y1 = y1
Vy = 0.879 1000 = 319.6kN
55
Dy
Vy 2 = 0.953

6
1000 = 104.0kN
55
135

136

13
1000 = 242.5kN
55
6
Vy 4 = 1.101 1000 = 120.1kN
55
10
Vy 5 = 1.175 1000 = 213.6kN
55
Vy 3 = 1.026

5.5

()()
()
xk yi

5.6

1.
2. -

3.

4.
1 1 1

136

6.1

6.1.1
3

6.1 -
u = u / y
(6-1)
y

6.1 -

138

uf u (6-2)(6-3)

uf = f u / f y

(6-2)

u = u / y

(6-3)

(1)

()
(2) 6.2(a)

(3) 6.2(b)

(a)

(b)

6.2

(4)

138

139

6.1.2

(1)
6.3 M-
M- (-)
-

h0
x / h0 = ( s s ) f y / 1 f c

(6-4)

s As
s As
f y , f c

6.3 M -

(6-4)

139

140

x
0.200.35
h0

34( T )
(2)

V
f c
bh0

0.15

(3)
()

2
4

(4)

6.1.3

(1)

M
=
Vh0

(6-5)

h0
2

1.5 < 2
< 1.5

140

6
M = V

Hn

2
1 Hn
=
2 h0

141

(6-6)

Hn
Hn
H
n 4
h0
h0
3

Hn
H
< 4 n < 3
h0
h0

(2)
n N Ac
fc fc
N
(6-7)
n=
Ac f c
6.4 6.4

()

6.4

(3)

141

142

6.5

6.5

(4)

6.2

AB MAOMBO
MCO
MA = MAO
MB = MBO

(6-8)
(6-9)


=0.80.9

=0.70.8

6.6 MAMB
MC MO
MA + MB
(6-10)
+ MC MO
2

142

143

6.6

6.3
6.3.1

M b,max ( As As ) f y (hb0 0.5 x) + As f y (hb0 a)


(6-11)

M b,max

( As As ) f y (hb0 0.5 x) + As f y (hb0 a)


RE

(6-12)

M b,max

RE 0.75

x 0.25hb0As / As 0.5
(6-13)

x 0.35hb0As / As 0.3
x b hb0
2.5%
6.3.2

1.

6.7

M l + M br
+ VGb
V = Vb b
(6-14)
ln
9
r
M l + M bua
+ VGb
V = 1.1 bua
ln

(6-15)
143

144

6.7

M bl M br

l
bua

r
bua

()

Vb 1.31.2 1.1
ln
VGb (9

)
(6-14)
(6-15)

2.
T

Asv
hb0
(6-16)
s
(
Vb 0.7 f t bb hb0 + 1.25 f yv

75%)
A
1.75
f t bb hb0 + f yv sv hb0
(6-17)
+ 1.0
s

Vb

0.6

A
1
Vb
(0.42 f t bhb0 + 1.25 f yv sv hb0 )
RE
s

(6-18)

75%)
144

Vb

RE

A
1.05
f t bb hb0 + f yv sv hb0 )
+ 1.0
s

145

(6-19)

Vb
bbhb0

f t , f yv
s
Asv

RE 0.85

3.

Vb 0.25 c f c bb hb0

(6-20)

2.5

Vb

2.5

Vb

RE
1

RE

(0.2 c f c bb hb0 )

(6-21)

(0.15 c f c bb hb0 )

(6-22)

c C50 c1.0 C80 0.8C55C75

6.3.3

1.
(1) C30
C20 C40
HRB400 HRB335 HRB335HRB400 HPB235

(2)

1.25 1.30

2.
h=(1/81/12) l 400mm 1/4
145

146

l
1
h l
10

1
h l
12
500mm
50mm
b=(1/21/3)h 200mm
4 b=250mm
b300mm

1/151/18
1/151/20

bb 2bc
(6-23)
bb bc + hb

(6-24)

hb 16d

(6-25)

bc 0.8
b bhb

d
3.
6-1
2.5%
214 1/4
212

6-1

(%)

()

()

0.4 80 f t / f y

0.3 65 f t / f y

0.3 65 f t / f y

0.25 55 f t / f y

0.25 55 f t / f y

0.20 45 f t / f y

0.20 45 f t / f y

0.20 45 f t / f y

146

147

(1) 1/20
(2) 1/20
4.
sv
f
f
f
0.30 t 0.28 t 0.26 t
f yv
f yv
f yv
50mm
6-2 2%
2mm 200mm 20
250mm 20 300mm
4
6-2

()

()

2h, 500mm

h/46d100mm

10

1.5h, 500mm

h/48d100mm

1.5h, 500mm

h/48d150mm

1.5h, 500mm

h/48d150mm

d h

6.4

6.4.1

1.

0.15

(6-26)
M c = c M b

= 1.2 M bua

(6-27)

M c
147

148

M b

bua

(
)

c 1.4 1.2 1.1


0.15

1.51.25 1.15

2.

(1) M max N V

(2) Nmax M V
(3) Nmin M V
(4) V max N
4 3

3.

RE
148

Nc =

RE

Nc e

1 f c bc x

149

(6-28)

1 f c bc x ( hc0 0.5 x ) + f yAs ( hc0 as )


RE

e = ei + 0.5hc s

RE

(0.02 f c bc )

(6-29)
(6-30)

ei=e0+ea

(6-31)

e0= Mc/ Nc

(6-32)

1
=1+
h0 hc21 2
1400ei hc0

(6-33)

1 = 0.5 f c A N c
2 = 1.15 0.01l0 hc

(6-34)
(6-35)

x
ei
e0
Mc
Nc
ea 20mm 1/30
fc
fy
As
l0
b
h0hc0
1 1 1.0

2 l0/h15 2 1.0
A
RE

x b h0
x 2as

(6-36)
(6-37)

b (6-38)

b =
1+

fy

(6-38)

Es cu

149

150

6.4.2

1.

2
1
Vc
(6-39)
( 0.20 c f c bc hc0 )

RE

Vc

RE

( 0.15 c f c bc hc0 )

(6-40)

Vc
fc

bc
hc0
c
2.

Mt Mb
Vc = vc c + c
(6-41)
Hn Hn

9
Mb
Mt
Vc = 1.2vc cua + cua
Hn
Hn

(6-42)

Hn
M ct M cb

t
b
M cua
M cua

vc 1.4 1.2 1.1

1.10
150

151

3.

A
1.05
f t bc hc0 + f yv sv hc0 + 0.056 N )
(6-43)
Vc 1 (
s
RE 1 +
=/2 1 =1
3 =3
fyv
Asv

s
N N0.3fcA N=0.30fcA
A

A
1.05
f t bc hc0 + f yv sv hc0 0.2 N )
(6-44)
Vc 1 (
s
RE 1 +
N
A
A
f yv sv hc0 f yv sv hc0
s
s
0.36ftbchc0
6.4.3

(1) 300mm 350mm


(2) 3
(3) 2

Mc
(6-45)
= c
V hc0

M c
V c

hc0

2

(4)
C30
151

152

9 C60
8 C70

HRB400 HRB335
HRB335 HRB400 HPB235

6.4.4

1.

(1)
(2) 400mm 200mm
350mm 50mm

(3) 6-3
0.2% C60
0.1 HRB400 6-3 0.1
6-3

(%)

1.0

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.6

1.2

1.0

0.9

0.8

0.6

1.2

1.0

0.8

HRB400 0.1 C60 0.1

(4) 5%

(5) 2 1.2%
34

2 1.2%

(6)
2.5%
(7)

lae=1.15la

lae=1.05la

lae=1.0la
152

153

la

(8)

2.
(1)
() 1/6 500mm
1/3
500mm
2 () 4

(2)
6-4
6-4

()(mm)

(
)(mm)

6d100

10

8d150( 100)

8d100

8d150( 100)

6( 8)

d (mm)

10 200mm
150mm 400mm 6
2 3%
8
2 100mm 6

(3)
200mm 250mm
20 300mm

(4) v
f
v v c
f yv

(6-46)

v 0.8%

0.6%0.4% 0.4%

153

154

fc C35 C35
fyv 360N/mm2 360N/mm2
v 6-5
6-5

0.30

0.40

0.50

0.60

0.70

0.80

0.90

1.00

1.05

0.10

0.11

0.13

0.15

0.17

0.20

0.23

0.08

0.09

0.11

0.13

0.15

0.08

0.21

0.08

0.09

0.11

0.13

0.15

0.17

0.19

0.22

0.24

0.06

0.07

0.09

0.11

0.13

0.15

0.17

0.20

0.22

0.06

0.07

0.09

0.11

0.13

0.15

0.17

0.20

0.22

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.09

0.11

0.13

0.15

0.18

0.20

2 1.2%9
1.5%
0.8

(5)
50% 2
10 15

(6)

0.120.100.08 0.6%0.5% 0.4%


2
154

155

6.4.5

N
=
(6-47)
f c bc hc
N

bchc
fc

6-6

6-6

0.70

0.80

0.90

0.75

0.85

0.95

6.5

30%
155

156

(1) ()
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
6.5.1

1
Vj
(6-48)
( 0.30 c fcbjhj )

RE

Vj
RE 0.85

j
1/2 3/4
6.8 1.59 1.25 1.0

6.8

hj
bj
1/2
bj = bb + 0.5h
(6-49)

bj = bc

bbbc
hc
1/4
(6-49)(6-50)
bj =0.5( bb+ bc)+0.25 h-e
156

(6-50)

157

e
6.5.2
6.9

(a)

(b)

6.9

1-1 X = 0
Vc Vj+

Vj=

hb0 as
b

hb0 as

=0

Vc

(6-51)
(6-52)

Vj( 1-1 )
M b
M bl + M br

Vc
Mc = Mb
Vc=
H c hb
H c hb

(6-53)

M c

= M cu + M cl = M b = M bl + M br

Hc
hbhb0
(6-53)(6-52)
M b (1 hb0 as )
Vj =
(6-54)
hb0 as
H c hb

(6-54)
157

158

Vj =

jb M b
hb0 as

(1

hb0 as
)
H c hb

(6-55)

jb 1.35 1.2

9
1.15 M bua
h as
Vj =
(1 b0
)
H c hb
hb0 as

(6-56)

6.5.3

bj
hb0 as
1
Vj
1.1 j f t bj hj + 0.05 j N + f yv Asvj +

RE
bc
s

(6-57)

hb0 as
1
0.9 j f t bj hj + f yv Asvj +

s
RE
f t
Vj

(6-58)

N
50% N N=0
f yv

Asvj
S
hbo as

RE 0.85
6.5.4

6.10

1.

6.11 6.12

2.

0.120.100.08 0.6%0.5% 0.4%


2
6 -7
158

159

6.10
6-7

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

0.10

0.11

0.13

0.15

0.17

0.20

0.23

0.08

0.09

0.11

0.13

0.15

0.08

0.21

0.08

0.09

0.11

0.13

0.15

0.17

0.06

0.07

0.09

0.11

0.13

0.06

0.07

0.09

0.11

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.09

1.0

1.05

0.19

0.22

0.24

0.15

0.17

0.20

0.22

0.13

0.15

0.17

0.20

0.22

0.11

0.13

0.15

0.18

0.20

2 1.2%9
1.5%
0.8
159

160

6.11

6.12

6.6

234

160

161

(1)
(2)

(3)
(4)

6.7

1.
2.
3.

4.

5.

161

7.1

7.1.1
1.

(H/bw2)(1
H/bw2)(H/bw1)

2.
7.1

7.1.2

1.

A B
7-1 7-2

(a)

(b)

(c)

163

(d)

7.1
7-1

A (m)

150

140

120

100

60

130

120

100

80

7-2

B (m)

180

170

150

130

150

140

120

100

A B 7-3 7-4
7-3

6 7

7-4

6 7

2.
(1)
L T Y 3

163

164

(2) (
58 8
)()(
)
7-1 7 8
100m 60m

50%

0.50.6 0.7
0.1
200mm
7 8

(3)

(4)
2 8m

(5)

( 6.07.2 m)( 33.9 m)


8%10%
6%7%

(0.050.06)n(n )





8m

164

165

3.
(1)

50100mm

(2)

(3)
7.2(a)
7.2(b)

(4) 7.3
3
3bw(bw
) 500mm
(5) 7.4

(a)

(b)

7.2

7.3

7.4

(6) 1/8
150m
1/10
1/8
7.1.3
1.
C20
C25
165

166

2.
(1)
1/16 200mm
1/20 160mm
1/12 1/15 180mm

(2)
1/20 160mm 1/25
160mm
(3) 1/25
160mm
(4)
160mm

7.1.4

0.50.6 0.7

7-5

166

7-5

N
fc A

167

(9 )

(78 )

0.4

0.5

0.6

N
A
fc

7.1.5
5
3 (
) 3 5
5

1.

()()
7-1
7 8 100m 60m
B 9 A

2.

50%
167

168

0.50.6 0.7(
)
0.1

1.4 1.2
1.2% 1.0%
200mm

7 8

7.2

- 4
( M N V)
3

7.2.1
3 M-N
N M

1.

(1)
(2) 1.2
7.5
1.2

168

169

7.5

2.

V = vwVw
(7-1)
V
Vw
vw 1.6 1.4 1.2
9
9
M
(7-2)
V = 1.1 wua Vw
Mw
Mwua RE

Mw
7.2.2

1.
(GB
500102002)(JGJ 32002)

7.6
169

170

(GB 500102002)()
3

7.6

As As
Asw 4

si

Asw 7.7
Asw/hswhsw
hsw = hw 0 as

7.7

AsAs
170

171

Asw

Asw NswMsw

N 1 f c [ bhw 0 + (bf b)hf ] + f yAs s As + N sw


(7-3)
Ne 1 f c [ (1 0.5 )bhw2 0 + (bf b)hf (hw 0

hf
)] + f yAs (hw 0 as ) + M sw
2

(7-4)

NswMsw

f yw f yw
= f yw
f yw

f yw
2 xn f yw
y cu


f yw

sw xn f yw sw
Nsw Msw
1
N sw = (1 +
) f yw Asw
(7-5)
0.51 w
1 2
M sw = [0.5 (
) ] f yw Asw hsw
(7-6)
1 w
Nsw > 1 = 1

Msw As > 1

= 1
w hswhw0w = hsw/hw0

(JGJ 32002)
(JGJ 32002)

(GB 500102002)

(JGJ 32002) 1.5

1.5

( N =0, M =0)

N As f y As s Nsw + N c

N (e0 + hw 0

hw
) As f y(hw 0 as ) M sw + M c
2

(7-7)
(7-8)
171

172

(7-8)
()

x > hf NcMc
N c = 1 f c bw x + 1 f c (bf bw )hf
h
x
M c = 1 f c bw x(hw 0 ) + 1 f c (bf bw )hf (hw 0 f )
2
2
x hf NcMc
N c = 1 f c bf x

(7-9)
(7-10)

(7-11)

x
M c = 1 f c bf x(hw 0 )
(7-12)
2
bf = bw (7-11)(7-12)

x b hw 0 s Nsw

Msw

s = fy

(7-13)

N sw = (hw 0 1.5 x)bw f yw w

(7-14)

1
M sw = (hw 0 1.5 x) 2 bw f yw w
2

(7-15)

x > b hw 0
s

NswMsw

s =

fy

x
1 )
b 0.8 hw 0
(

(7-16)

N sw = 0

(7-17)

M sw = 0

(7-18)

b =
1+

fy
Es cu

as
bf T I bf = bw
e0 e0 = M / N
f yf y

f yw
f c
hf T I
172

(7-19)

173

hw 0 hw 0 = hw as
A
w w = sw Asw
bw hw 0

b
1
C50 1.0 C80 0.94
C50 C80
1 C50
0.8 C80 0.74 C50 C80

cu (GB 50010
2002) 7.1.2

1
N As f y As s N sw + N c
(7-20)

RE

hw
1
h a
M sw + M c ]

[ A f
2
RE s y w 0 s
RE 0.85
Ne0 + hw 0

(7-21)

(JGJ 32002)(GB 500102002)

2.
MN 7.8
a c e
b d
abbccdde

7.8 M-N

ce Nou
Mwu MN
173

174

b
ce c (Mwu,0),e (0Nou),ce

N
M
+
=1
N ou M wu
N = N uM = N u e0

Nu =

1
e
1
+ 0
N ou M wu

N Nu =

e
1
+ 0
N ou M wu

(7-22)

(7-23)

1
1

=
N
(7-24)
RE RE 1 + e0
N

ou M wu
Nou As = As
Nu

Asw

N ou = 2 As f y + Asw f yw

(7-25)

Mwu

hw 0 as
(7-26)
2
(7-25)

( 1.25)

M wu = As f y (hw 0 as ) + Asw f yw

7.2.3

174

(GB 500102002)

Vw 0.25 c f c bw hw 0

175

(7-27)

2.5

Vw

2.5

Vw

RE
1

RE

(0.20 c f c bw hw 0 )

(7-28)

(0.15 c f c bw hw 0 )

(7-29)

hw0
c C50 1.0
C80 0.8 C50 C80

Mc/(Vchw0) McVc V

A
A
1
(0.5 f t bw hw 0 + 0.13N w ) + f yh sh hw 0
V
(7-30)
A
s
0.5
A
A
1
1
V
[
(0.4 f t bw hw 0 + 0.1N w ) + 0.8 f yh sh hw 0 ]
(7-31)
RE 0.5
A
s
N N
0.2fcbwhw 0.2fcbwhw

N 0.2 f c bw hw N
0.2 f c bw hw

A T I
AwT I A
1.5 1.5 2.2
2.2 0.5hw0 0.5hw0

7.2.4

175

176

1
Vwj =
(0.6 f y As + 0.8 N )
(7-32)

RE

Vwj

As(
)
fy

N
7.2.5

1.

(1) lc v 7-6
8mm 100mm
150mm 7.9
v
f
(7-33)
v = v c
f yv
v

fc
fyv 360MPa 360MPa
7-6

lc v

(9 )

(78 )

0.20

0.20

0.20

lc()

0.25hw

0.20 hw

0.20 hw

lc()

0.20 hw

0.15 hw

0.15 hw

v hw
lc 1.5bw 450mm
300mm
3 2

176

177

(2) 7.9
7.9 1.2% 1.0%
6 16 6 14

7.9

2.

(1) Ac 7.10

(a)

(b)

(c)

7.10

(2)
(3) 7-7
300mm 2

177

178
7-7

(mm)

(mm)

()

(mm)

(mm)

0.008 Ac6 14

150

0.006 Ac6 12

200

0.005Ac4 12

150

0.004 Ac4 12

200

0.005 Ac4 12

200

0.004 Ac4 12

250



7.10 v 0.1

(4)
B ( )

7-7 0.008Ac0.006Ac 0.004Ac 0.010Ac


0.008Ac 0.005Ac
7.10 r 0.1
(5) 4 12mm
6mm 250mm
7.2.6
7.1.3
D

(1) b
400mm bw 400mm 700mm
bw 700mm
600mm 6mm

(2) hw bw 5 hw/bw 5
7-5
0.1 0.6 hw/bw 3
1.2% 1.0%
(3)

0.25% 0.20%
300mm
178

179

8mm
(4) 1/10
(5)
0.25%
200mm
(6)
la
laElalaE (6.5.2 6.5.3 )
7.11
50%
500mm
1.2 la 1.2laE

7.11
laE la


(6.5 )

7.3

5
5 5
7.3.1

179

180

(1)

(2)

() 0.8 (67 ) 0.5 (89 )


(3)

(1)(2) 3

M l + M br
Vb = vb b
+ VGb
(7-34)
ln
9
l
r
Vb = 1.1( M bua
+ M bua
) / ln + VGb

(7-35)

M M
l
b

r
b

l
r
M buaM bua
()

ln
VGb(9 )

180

181

vb 1.3 1.2 1.1


VGb

7.3.2

( As = As )

M f y As (hb0 as )

(7-36)

As

hb0
as
7.3.3

2.5 1

(7-37)(7-39)
A
Vb 0.7 f t bb hb0 + f yv sv hb0
(7-37)
s

A
1
2.5 Vb
(0.42 f t bb hb0 + f yv sv hb0 )
(7-38)
RE
s
A
1
2.5 Vb
(0.38 f t bb hb0 + 0.9 f yv sv hb0 )
(7-39)
RE
s
Vb
bb

Vb 0.25 c f c bb hb0
(7-40)

181

182

2.5 Vb

RE

2.5 Vb

(0.20 c f c bb hb0 )
1

RE

(7-41)

(0.15 c f c bb hb0 )

(7-42)

7.3.4
7.12
(1) laE
la 600mm
(2) 4
6mm 150mm
(3) 150mm

(4)
700mm () l0mm,
200mm 2.5 ()
0.3%

1/3 200mm
2 14 7.13

7.12

7.13

laE la

7.4

182

183

7.5

1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

15.
16.
17.

18.

183

8.1

(-
)

(JGJ 32002) 10

9
7 8

185

8.2

8.1

8.1

8.2.1

1.
-

185

186

8.2 24 85m 14 6
5 4.5m 1.6m

8.2

8.3 138.4m 42 4

8.3

186

187

2.

8.4 178.6m51 5
2.4m14
2.0m5.5m 16.8m 12m

(a) 5

(b)

8.4

3.

187

188

8.5 60m 19
1.4m

8.5

8.2.2
1.

8.6 6 78

(1) 8.6 (a)(b)

(2) 8.6 (c)

8.5

(3) 8.6(d)

(4) 8.6(e)(f)
188

(a)

(b)

(d)

(e)

189

(c)

(f)

8.6

2.
8.7
8.7(a)(b)
( 8.7(e))

( 8.7(f))

(a)

(d)

(b)

(e)

(c)

(f)

8.7

8.2.3

189

190

1.

180mm C30
0.25%

2.

(1)
(2) bb 2 400mm
hb
1/6 1/8
C30
(3)
V0.20cfcbbhb0
(8-1)
V1/ RE(0.15cfcbbhb0)
(8-2)
(4)
50%
(5) 0.30%
0.60%0.50%0.40%
(6) ( 1.5 )
10mm 100mm
0.9ft/fyv 1.3ft/fyv1.2ft/fyv 1.1ft/fyv

(7) 50%
200mm 16mm
(8) 8.8
la()
laE()
(9)
190

191

(10)

8.8
laE la

3.
1)

(1) 10 12
2% 3 3
3%
(2) 10 12
20% 3 3
30%
()

2)
(1)
bc bb 50mmbc
191

192

400mm hc 1/15bc 450mm


hc 1/12
4
C30
(2)

V0.20cfcbbhb0
(8-3)

V1/RE (0.15cfc bbhb0)


(8-4)
(3)

0.600.700.80 0.9
(4)
1.81.51.25
1.1
(5)
1.81.51.25
(6) 6.4.3
10mm
100mm 6
6.4.7 0.02
1.5%
4.

(1)

(2) C30
(3)

(4) 8-1
8-1

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

=Nmax(f cbbhb0)
Nmax
fc
bb
hb0
192

(8-5)

Nmax=0.8G

193

(8-6)

(5) 12hi(
)6hi()hi
(6) 8.9 8.10 (8-7)
(8-8)

8.9

8.10

M l + M nr
Va = v n
+ VG
ln

Ml +Mr
Vb = v
+ VG + T sin
l

(8-7)

M l + M nr
Vc = v n
+ VG
ln

Ml +Mr
(8-8)
Vd = v
+ VG + T sin
l

v 1.56 1.3 1.2 1.1

1.0
Mn Mnr a-a c-c
l

MlMr b-b d-d


lln
VG
T sin


T 1.56T0 1.3T0 1.2T0 1.1T0 1.0T0
T0
(7)
0.2mm 50%
193

194

15d(d )
(8) 0.6%
0.5% 0.4%
(9)
1.2% 1% 0.9%
l0d(d )
(10) 1.2%
1.0% 0.8%
(11)
15d(d
)
(12)
l0d(d )
(13) laE()la ()
(14)
+50mm
5.
(1)

(2) 12hi(
)6 hi ()hi
(3)
0.20 0.15
=Vmax/cfcbbhb0

(8-9)

Vmax
fc
bb
hb0

c
(4)
(5)

(6) 8.11

194

8.11

195

aa cc
bb
(8-10)
V= v ( M t + M b ) / H n
v 1.56 1.3 1.2 1.1
1.0
H n
M t M b

8-1
C30
laE () la ()

+50mm
20 100mm

6.
(1)
C30

(2) 12hi ()6hi (


)hi 180mm

(3)
400mm

(4)
8.12

12@200
8.12 (
)
195

196

8.12

7.
10.2.1 6 78

(1)

(2)

0.6% 0.45%

16@200

(3)
(4) 150mm
(5)

8.2.4

196

197

1.

2.

3.

1
1 3 2

G2 A2 h1

G1 A1 h2
Ai = Awi + Ci Aci

(i =1,2)

Ci =2.5(hci /hi )2
(i = 1,2)
GlG2
AlA2

(8-11)
(8-12)

Awi i ()
Aci i
hi i
hci i
4.

()
()

5.

197

198

8.3

8.13
8.13 -
M

(a)

(b)

(c)

8.13

8.3.1
3 ()

1.

()(
)
198

199

2.
()

-
--

3.

8.14
3040

0.5

0.6H
199

200

(a)

(b)

8.14

8.3.2

1.

2.
8.13

3
3

3.

4.

(1) 0.60H H
2/3
(2)
0.7H () 0.5H
(3)
4

200

201

5.

6.
(1)

A B

8-2
8-2

0.70

0.80

0.90

(2) C30
0.35%
(3)

(4) ()

(5) 1.6% 1.4%


1.2% 5%
100mm 1.6% 1.4%
1.2%
8.3.3

(1)

(2) 9
(3)

(4)

201

202

8.4

8.4.1

8.4.2
10.4

(JGJ 32002) 10.1.3

()
B

9 8 60m7 80m

600mm C30
1.5%
1.5%
202

203

200mm 250mm
C30
0.3% 0.5%

TAPSETAPSTBSATBWETATSATWETBSAP

8.5

8.5.1

(10%20%)

8.5.2

203

204

(JGJ 32002)10.5.2 8

8.5.3

(1) (JGJ 32002)


7 8

(2)

(3)

(4)
150mm
0.25%

8.6

8.6.1

20 80

204

205

8.6.2

2
()

(1)
20%
(JGJ32002) 10.6.1

(2)
8.15
(JGJ 32002) 10.6.2

8.15
205

206

8.6.3
(JGJ 32002)

(1) ()
150mm

(JGJ 32002)10.2.20 10.6.3

(2) () 8.16

(JGJ 32002) 7.2.16 10.6.4

8.16

(JGJ 32002)
10.2

8.7

206

207

8.8

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

13.
14.
15.
16.

17.
18.

207

9.1

9.1.1

1931 102 381m 1974


110 443m 1996 451.9m

20 80
1987
165.3m 1988
146.5m

1.
Q235 BCD Q345
BCDE
1.2 20%
2.

Q -()--

9-1 9-2
12 - 12

209

89

9-1

(m)

67

110

110

90

70

-()

260

220

200

140

360

300

260

180

220

180

100

70

220

180

150

70

()

-
()

12
12

1)
(1) ()

(2)

(3)

(4) 9-2
2)
(1) 9.1
9-3 1.5:1
209

210

9-2

67

-()

6.5

9.1
9-3

Lll B

L B

L Bmax

l b

l Bmax

B Bmax

1.5

0.5

(2) 9-3 9.1

0.15

25%
50%
210

211

(3)

(4)

3)
(1)

70% 3 50%
1.5()
L1/L0.75 9.2

9.2


80%
(2) -()

4)
(1)

(2)

5)
(1)

211

212

(2)

(3) (
1
1
) H H H
15
18
()
(4)

(5)

(6) -
9.1.2

--

1.

D
2. -
-
9.3
(9-1)

9.3 -
212

213

I eq = Aij aij2

(9-1)

j =1 i =1

0.80.9

Aij j i
aij i j
n
m
3. -
-

4.

9.1.3

1.

Mx
f
xWnx
M x x

(9-2)

Wnx x

x
f

VS
fv
Itw

(9-3)

V
S
I
tw
(9-4)
Mx
f
bWx

(9-4)
213

214

Wx

b
2.
(9-5)

(9-5)

N
A

3.

( 9.4(a))( 9.4(b))( 9.4(c)) K


( 9.4(d)) K
()

9.5

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d) K

9.4

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d) V

9.5

(9-6)
N br
f
An,br

(9-7)
N br
f
Abr
214

(9-6)

(9-7)

215

N br

Abr , An,br

a (9-8)
a 1.6M p / Vp

(9-8)

M pVp (9-9)

M p = Wp f y

(9-9)

Vp = 0.58 f y h0 tw
Wp

f y
h0
tw

(9-2)(9-4)
9.1.4

1.

( 9.6(a))
( 9.6(b))

215

216

(a)

(b)

9.6

( 9.7(a))
( 9.7(b))

(a)

(b)

9.7

9.8
1015mm 35mm 10mm

6mm

9.8
216

217

()
1/2

150mm( 9.9(a))

13( 9.9(b))
( 9.9(c))

(a)

(b)

(c)

9.9

9.10

(a)

(b)

9.10

2.

V U 1/3 14mm
1/2 9.11(a) 600mm
9.11(b)
9.12
16mm
10mm 100mm

25% 25% V

9.13(a)(b)
217

218

9.13(c)
150mm

(a)

(b)

9.11

(a)

9.12

(b)

(c)

9.13

200mm

150mm 200mm 300mm 9.14

9.14

218

219

3.
3
(1)
(2)
(3)
9.15

(a)

(b)

9.15

4.
9.16

(a) (b) (c) (d)

9.16

9.17

9.17
219

220

5.

9.18
2 H 3

180mm
250mm

9.18

9.19

9.19

9.1.5

220

221

1.5
12 0.35 12
0.02 0.05

1.

(9-10)

T1 = 0.7T n

(9-10)

n (m)

T 0.9

(9-11)
T1 = 0.1N

(9-11)

N()

2.

12
68 120 235 / f y 9 100 235 / f y 12
6789 120 235 / f y 80 235 / f y 60 235 / f y
60 235 / f y

9-4
9-4

12

67

150

120

120

200

150

150

120

90

60

12

Q235 235 / f y

120 235 / f y

3.

221

222

9.2

9.2.1

-
-

9.2.2

-()()

1.
(1)

-
-

(2) -()()
()

-
-()
222

223

-
(3)

2.
(1) 4.3 4.4

(2)

(3)

(4) 7 130m
7
130m 8 9

(5)

(6)

(7) - H

(8)

(9)

(10)

223

224

3.
(1)
9-5
9-5

-(m)

210

200

160

120

70

240

220

190

150

70

(2)
9-6
9-6

67

(3)
u / h
9-7
9-7

-
-

u / h

H150m

1/800

H250m

1/500

150mH250m

1/8001/500

(4)
-
25% 1.8 -
8.1.4

(5)
-
9-8
224

9-8

225

(m)

150

150

130

130

100

100

70

(6)

EI = Ec I c + Ea I a
(9-12)
EA = Ec Ac + Ea Aa

(9-13)

GA = Gc Ac + Ga Aa

(9-14)

Ec I cEc AcG c A c
Ea I aEa AaG a A a


1.52.0


-(GB 50017)
(JGJ 99)
(GB 50010) 7
(JGJ 138)
RE
9-9 9-10
9-9

RE

0.75

0.80

0.85

0.85

0.85

0.90

0.15 RE 0.75
225

226
9-10

0.75

RE

0.75

0.85

0.90

0.80

9-11
9.20
9-11

b/tf

hw/tw

b/tf

hw/tw

D/tw

Q235

23

107

23

96

150

Q345

19

91

19

81

109

9.20

9.2.3

9.21

9.21

226

227

Q235-BQ235-C
D Q345-BQ345-E
HRB335
HRB400 HPB235 HRB335
C30
100mm
30mm 1.5 0.30%
120mm
25mm 0.8%
2% 15% 5%8%
6mm

1.
(1)



0.003

0.8


0.001
9.22

9.22
227

228

x
M f c bx(h0 ) + f yAs (h0 as ) + f aAaf (h0 aa ) + M aw
2
f c bx + f yAs + f aAaf f y As f a Aaf + N aw = 0

(9-15)
(9-16)

1h0 < 1.25 x, 2 h0 > 1.25 x


N aw = [2.5 (1 + 2 )]tw h0 f a
1
M aw = [ (12 + 22 ) ( 1 + 2 ) + 2.5 (1.25 )2 ]tw h02 f a
2
0.8
b =
f y + fa
1+
2 0.003Es

x (9-20)(9-21)
x b h0

x a + tf
'
a

(9-17)
(9-18)
(9-19)

(9-20)
(9-21)

= x / h0

b b = xb / h0
xb
M aw
N aw

1 h0
2 h0
twhwtf
h0

(2)

Vb 0.45 f c bh0
f a tw hw
0.10
f c bh0

(9-22)
(9-23)

(9-24)
A
Vb 0.08 f c bh0 + f yv sv h0 + 0.58 f a tw hw
(9-24)
s
(9-25)
A
0.20
0.58
Vb
f c bh0 + f yv sv h0 +
f a tw hw
+ 1.5

s
f yv

(9-25)

Asv

= a / h0 a
1.4 1.4 3 3
228

229

2.
(1)

(9-26)(9-27) 9.23

9.23

x
M e f c bx(h0 ) + f yAs (h0 as ) + f aAaf (h0 aa ) + M aw
2
N f c bx + f yAs + f aAaf s As a Aaf + N aw

(9-26)
(9-27)

s a
x b h0 s = f y , a = f a
x > b h0
fy
x
s =
( 0.8)
b 0.8 h0

fa
x
( 0.8)
a =
b 0.8 h0

(9-28)

(2)
(9-21)(9-22)
(9-29)
A
0.20
0.58
Vb
f c bh0 + f yv sv h0 +
f a tw hw + 0.07 N
(9-29)
+ 1.5
s

M
V = M /(Vh0 ) 1.0 1.0 3
3
N

3.

229

230

(1)

(9-30)(9-31)
9.24

9.24

x
M e f c bx(h0 ) + f yAs (h0 as ) + f aAa (h0 aa ) + M sw
2
N f c bx + f yAs + f aAaf a Aa s As + N sw

(9-30)
(9-31)

N sw > 0.8 N sw = f yw Asw

N sw = (1 +

0.8
) f yw Asw
0.4

(9-32)

M sw > 0.8

M sw = 0.5 f yw Asw hsw

0.8 2
M sw = 0.5 (
) f yw Asw hsw
0.8

Asw

(9-33)

f yw

hsw = hsw / h0
b
h0
e

Vw 0.25 f c bh0

(9-34)

A
A
1
0.4
(0.05 f c bh0 + 0.13N w ) + f yv sv h0 +
Vw
f a Aa
(9-35)
0.5
A
s

230

231

= M /(Vh0 ) 1.5 1.5 2.2 2.2

N N > 0.2 f c bh
N = 0.2 f c bh

A
AwT A=Aw
Ash
Aa
s
(2)

(9-36)
A
A
1
0.4
(0.05 r f c bh0 + 0.13N w ) + f yv sv h0 +
Vw
f a Aa
(9-36)
0.5

A
s
r 1.2
6
1/20

4.
(1)

9.25

9.26

9.25

9.26
231

232

(2)

(3)

1/4

(4)

9.27

9.27

(5)
3

232

233

9.2.4

100mm 4mm
C30
20 235 / f y 85 235 / f y

()

1.
(9-37)
N Nu

(9-37)

N
N u
N u
N u (9-38)
N u = l e N 0

(9-38)

N 0

l
e
(9-38) l e
l e 0
0 l

(9-39)

(1)
N 0 = f c Ac (1 + + )

(9-40)

f c
Ac

= f a Aa / f c Ac
f a
233

234

Aa

(2)
e
e0 / rc 1.55 e = 1/(1 + 1.85e0 / rc )

(9-41)

e0 / rc > 1.55 e = 0.4 /(e0 / rc )

(9-42)

rc
e0 e0 = M 2 / N
M 2

N
(3)
l
l0 / d > 4 l = 1 0.115 l0 / d 4

(9-43)

l0 / d 4 l = 1

(9-44)

d
l0

l0 = k l

(9-45)

l

CECS289 0
k 9.28

(a)

(b)

(c)

9.28

k = 1
k = 0.5 + 0.3 + 0.2 2
e0 / rc 0.8 k = 0.5 e0 / rc < 0.8 k = 1 0.625e0 / rc
= M 1 / M 2
M 1 M 2

234

235

5
5
9.29
l0 = kH
(9-46)
H
k

e0 / rc 0.8 k = 1
e0 / rc < 0.8 k = 2 1.25e0 / rc
M 1 k = 1 +

(a)

(b)

9.29

M 1 M 2
() H 2
4
4

2.

(9-47)
N N ul
(9-47)
N
N ul
(9-48) 9.30

N 0 = f c At (1 + + )

(9-48)

At

= Ae / At 3 3
Ae

(9-40)
235

236

9.30

(9-49)
9.31

9.31

N 0 = f c At [(1 + + ) + ( sp + sp ) sp ]

(9-49)

sp sp = Acor / At

sp sp = v,sp fsp / f c
Acor

v,sp v,sp = 4 Asp /( sdsp )


Asp

dsp
s
3.

(1)

12m 3
9.32
30mm 12mm 16mm
236

237

9.32

(2)

9.33
9.34

9.35
9.36

9.33 ()

(a)

9.34 ()

(b)

(c)

9.35 ()

237

238

(a)

(b)
9.36 ()

9.37

(a)

(b)
9.37

9.3

238

9.4

239

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

239


[1] (JGJ 3-2002). 2002.
[2] (GB 50010-2002). 2002.
[3] (GB 50011-2001). 2001.
[4] (GB 50009-2001). 2002.
[5] (JGJ 99-1998). 1998.
[6] (YB 9082-1997). 1998.
[7] (JGJ 138-2001). 2001.
[8] (CECS 104:99). 1999.
[9] (CECS 28:90). 1990.
[10] -(DL/T 5085-1999). 1999.
[11]. . 2002.
[12] . . 2 . 2003.
[13] . . 2004.
[14] . . 2002.
[15] . . 2001.
[16] . . 2003.
[17] . . 2003.