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The Potential of Implementation of Cocoa Based Agroforestry in Critical Land at Nagari Nan Tujuah, Palupuh District, West Sumatera

Within The Voluntary Carbon Market (VCM)


SANTHYAMI1, ENDAH SULISTYAWATI2, BERIA LEIMONA3
1

Biomanajemen, School of Life Science and Technology ITB, santhyami@yahoo.com 2 School of Life Science and Technology ITB, endah@sith.itb.ac.id 3 World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), l.beria@cgiar.org

Difficulties of forestry activities in entering CDM have stimulated emerging of Voluntary Carbon Market. Agroforestry has been practised in many part of Indonesia including West Sumatera with cocoa as main commodity, particularly in Palupuh District. This type of agroforestry is potential form of land use that can be applied in critical land under VCM scheme. Therefore, research is needed to build a typology of existing cocoa agroforestry, analyze the trade off between the potential of carbon accumulation and economic benefit of agroforestry versus monoculture and analyze the potential implementation of cocoa agroforestry in VCM. Data collection was performed in two stages, i.e. measurements of Diameter Breast Heigh and species of trees on cocoa based agroforestry and monoculture stands in Nagari Gadut; and social-economic survey. There were five types of cocoa based agroforestry that are developed in Palupuh, i.e. cocoa durian, coconut (model I); cocoa rubber, coconut (model II); cocoa cinnamon (model III); cocoa cinnamon, surian, durian, jengkol, rambai (model IV); and cocoa cinnamon, duku, durian, areca nut (model V). Biomass carbon of cocoa based agroforestry ranged from 12,5449,3 ton/ha, while monoculture ranged from 2,7726,25 ton/ha. For newly planted land, monoculture practice is more profitable than agroforestry practice that composition has been compromised by the community of Rp.11 million/ha. For land that was planted earlier, model V has highest feasibility and model III has the lowest. By following the VCM scheme, farmers of agroforestry model I-V can increase their income by 9-21% per ha at the price of 6 USD/ton CO2, 12-27% at the price of 8 USD/ton CO2 and 14-35% at the price of 10 USD/ton CO2. Although the VCM scheme can increase the income of agroforestry farmers up to 30%, but the value is still below the income from monoculture eventhough at the price of 10 USD/ton CO2. For afforestation project that will run by farmers with compromised composition, VCM scheme can increase the income so that equivalent to the revenue gained from the practice of monoculture on the price of USD 8/ton CO2.
Key words: Cocoa based agroforestry, VCM, carbon accumulation potential, economic potential