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Solid State Physics by Neil W. Ashcroft and N. David


Mermin Introduction to Solid State Physics by Charles Kittel

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100 8

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1.1

1.2

2.1

11

12

2.2
2.2.1

13

2.2.2

16

2.3 Lagrange

17

2.4

21

2.5

28

2.5.1

28

2.5.2

29

2.5.3 Fermi

30

2.6 Sommerfeld

32

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35

3.1 Schrdinger

36

3.2

39

3.3

41

3.3.1

42

3.3.2

43

3.3.3 Schrdinger

47

3.4

48

3.4.1

50

3.4.2 Coulomb

53

3.4.3.

54

3.5 Heisenberg

58

3.5.1 Heisenberg

58

3.5.2 Cauchy Schwarz

60

3.5.3 Heisenberg

61

3.6

64

3.7

68

3.7.1

68

3.7.2

79

3.8 Hellmann-Feynman

81

3.9 Koopmans

83

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3.10

85

3.10.1 Euler

86

3.10.2 Hyper-Virial

87

3.10.3 Virial

88

3.10.4 Virial

89

3.11

Virial

90

3.11.1 Bohm-Pines

91

3.11.2 Hartree-Fock

92

3.11.3 Hartree

96

3.11.4 Bosons Fermions

97

101

4.1

102

4.2 Drude

103

4.2.1 Drude

105

4.2.2

107

4.2.3 Drude

109

4.3 Drude

110

4.3.1

111

4.3.2

111

4.4 Drude

112

4.5 Drude

115

4.6 Drude

117

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4.6.1 -

118

4.6.2 -

119

4.6.3

119

121

5.1

122

5.2

124

5.3

128

5.4

130

5.4.1

131

5.4.2

133

5.5
5.5.1

136

5.5.2

139

5.6 X
5.6.1

135

150
151

5.6.2

158

5.6.3 X

164

6.1

169

170

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6.2 Bloch

173

6.2.1 Bloch

173

6.2.2 Bloch Fourier

177

6.2.3 Bloch

178

6.2.4 Bloch Wannier

180

6.3

185

6.3.2

192

6.3.3

197

6.4

200

6.4.1 Kronig-Penney

201

6.4.2

213

6.4.3

237

6.5

249

6.5.1 kp

249

6.5.2

252

6.5.3 Lowdin

255

6.5.4.

266

6.5.5

273

6.6

299

6.6.1

301

6.6.2

304

6.6.3

320

6.6.4

354

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361

7.1

362

7.2

363

7.2.1

364

7.2.2

366

7.3 Boltzmann

369

7.4 -Onsager

372

7.4.1

377

7.4.2

378

7.5
7.5.1

380

7.5.2

383

7.5.3 -

388

7.6 van der Pauw

378

388

7.6.1 van der Pauw

389

7.6.2 van der Pauw

392

395

8.1

396

8.2

397

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8.2.1

397

8.2.2

402

8.2.3

404

8.2.4 Kramers-Kronig

405

8.2.5

408

8.3 -

422

8.4

429

8.4.1

431

8.4.2

435

8.4.3

438

441

9.1

442

9.2 Bohr-van Leeuwen

445

9.3 Langevin

447

9.3.1 Langevin

449

9.3.2 Langevin

454

9.4

457

9.4.1 Hamiltonian

458

9.4.2

461

9.4.3

468

9.5 Weiss
9.5.1 Weiss

470
471

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9.5.2 Weiss

472

9.5.3 Weiss

475

10

477

10.1

478

10.2

480

10.2.1

482

10.2.2 Einstein

486

10.2.3 Debye

489

10.2.4

492

10.3

494

10.4

Schottky

498

11

503

11.1

504

11.2

505

11.2.1

507

11.2.2

509

11.2.3

514

11.2.4

515

11.3

517

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11.3.1

517

11.3.2

527

11.3.3

528

11.4

542

11.4.1

543

11.4.2

549

12

553

12.1

555

12.2

561

12.2.1 Hamiltonian

561

12.2.2

568

12.3

570

12.3.1

571

12.3.2

577

12.4

577

12.4.1

578

12.4.2

583

12.5

587

12.5.1

591

12.5.2

593

12.5.3

596

12.6

597

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12.6.1

597

12.6.2

599

619

621

10

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1
2

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1.1

Teaching-oriented

Research-oriented

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CHAPTER 1

1900 Max Planck Paul Drude


Free
electron model Drude Drude model

Bragg William Henry Bragg William Lawrence Bragg


Max Theodor Felix von Laue
Real crystalReciprocal crystal X
X-ray diffraction Evariste Galios
7 Crystal class32
Point group230 Space group

Schrdinger

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Felix Bloch
Bloch Wannier
Ralph Kronig William Penney
Schrdinger

Drude

Huang
Coulomb Russell Hancock LyddaneRobert Green Sachs Edward Teller

Elementary excitationOskar Klein


Walter Gordon Spinless
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac

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CHAPTER 1

1022 1023

Douglas Hartree Pauli Pauli


exclusive principle
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock
Pauli
Hartree Fock
David Joseph Bohm David
Pines

Drude

Drude

Bohm-Pines Bohm-Pines
energy Schrdinger

1-1

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Klein-Gordorn
Dirac

Hartree
Fock
Bohm-Pines

Huang
Lyddane-Sachs-Teller

Drude
Bloch
Wannier

Bragg
Laue

1-1

1.2

Paul A. M. Dirac
The fundamental laws necessary for
the mathematical treatment of a large part of physics and the whole of chemistry are thus completely known, and the difficulty lies only in the fact that
application of these laws leads to equations that are too complex to be solved.

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CHAPTER 1

Trivial

[1]
Classical mechanicsElectrodynamics
Quantum mechanics Statistical mechanics
[2] Fourier Fourier series
Matrix formulation
[3] Real spaceMomentum space
[4]

[4.1] E p (= k)

F=m

d 2r t

dt2

2m

r + V (r)

r =E

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E (k)

t
C
B

A
B
O

r (t)

1-2

1-2 r t t
t E k

r t

k E k

Fourier

ej

kr

=ej

Et

kr

r t E k

[4.2]
Fourier

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CHAPTER 1

W11

W12

W13

Q11

W21

W22

W23

W31

W32

W33

0
0

0
Q22
0

0
1
0
0
0 = Q11 0 + Q22 1 + Q32 0
Q33
0
0
1

Wij Eigen-mode
1
0
0
Eigenvector Q11 0 Q22 1 Q32 0
0
0
1
Creation operatorAnnihila-

[4.3]

tion operator
Operator a
a 1-3

a |N= N + 1|N + 1
a|N= N|N 1

|N + 1

|N + 1

|N

|N
(a)
1-3

|N

|N

(b)

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1
2
3 Lagrange
4
5
6 Sommerfeld

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2.1

Classical particles
Quanta Pauli
Pauli exclusive principle Fermion Boson
Pauli Pauli

[1]Maxwell-Boltzmann Maxwell-Boltzmann
distribution function[2]Fermi-Dirac Fermi-Dirac distribution function Fermion[3]Bose-Einstein
Bose-Einstein distribution function Boson

Lagrange Lagrange multiplier method

Phase space
12

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CHAPTER 2

2.2

Phase space

2.2.1

N
3N Coordinates 3N
Momentum 6N
-space
Phase point (t)
Trajectory 6N
6N
6N Initial conditions (0) 6N
(t)

(t) ' = ( , t) '-space 6N


' '
'
-Harmonic oscillator '
Hamiltonian

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p2
1 2
kx +

2
2m

H=

2-1

m k

p
H
=
p
m
H
p=
= kx
x
x=

2-2
2-3

Hamiltonian
2 1 (x, p)

(x (t), p t ) = x0 cos ( t) +

p0
sin ( t), p0cos ( t)
m

m x0sin ( t) 2-4

x0 p0
k m

2-5

m2

2 2

x (t) + p2 (t) = m2

2 2
x0 + p20

x20 +

2-6

p20
p
m2 2

14

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CHAPTER 2

p20 + m2

2
x0 T =

=2

m
2-1
k

pt
+ p20 + m2

2 2
x0

( 2 x 0, 2 p 0 )

(1x0, 1p0)

2
1

p20
x20 + 2
m

0
+

p20 + m2
2-1

2 2
x0

x (t)
p20
x20 + 2 2
m


(x0, p0)Initial phase angle T
(x0, p0)
t

pt
0 (2x0, 2p0) (1x0, 1p0)
xt
2-2

'

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' Elliptical coilElliptical cylinder

'

2-2

2.2.2

Bosons Fermions
Partition functionDensity of states

g k dk =

v
4 k 2dk p = k
8 3

p2 dp
v
4
2
8 3
v 1
= 3 3 dpx dpy dpz
8

g p dp =

2-7

Z=
=
=

f p g p dp
v 1
8 3 3
8

3 3

f p dpx dpy dpz


f p dpx dpy dpz dxdydx

16

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CHAPTER 2

1
h3

f E dpx dpy dpz dxdydx

2-8

f p f E Distribution function

px

[1]

pypzxyz
Constant energyErgodic surface
[2]

2.8

2.3

Lagrange Lagrange multipliers

Constraint

Lagrange Method of Lagrange


multipliersLagrange

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f x, y, z xyz
g x, y, z = 0 f x, y, z
g x, y, z = 0 f (x0, y0, z0) =

g (x0, y0, z0)

(x0, y0, z0) Lagrange Lagrange


multiplier Lagrange
One constraint Lagrange
f x, y, z g x, y, z g x, y, z = 0
f x, y, z p g

f p =

g ( p )

2-9

Lagrange
Two constraints Lagrange
f x, y, z g x, y, z h x, y, z
g x, y, z = 0 h x, y, z = 0 f x, y, z
(x0, y0, z0) g (x0, y0, z0) h (x0, y0, z0)

g (x0, y0, z0) 0 h (x0, y0, z0) 0


g (x0, y0, z0)
h (x0, y0, z0)
f (x0, y0, z0) = 1 g (x0, y0, z0) + 2 h (x0, y0, z0)

2-10

1 2

18

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CHAPTER 2

f x, y, z Boundary curve

Differential curveParametric curveC r = il (t)

+ jm (t) + kn (t) C
p f p C
p f ( p ) C
[]
p f ( p ) C
Velocity vector
C

) (

f (x, y, z) = f (l (t), m (t), n (t))


2-11
f dl t
f dm t
f dn t
df
=
+
+
dt
x dt
y dt
z dt
f
f
f
dl t
dm t
dn t
= i
+ j y + k z i dt + j dt + k dt
x
dr
= f
dt
= fv
2-12

C p f x, y, z Local maximumLocal minimum

df
= f = 0
dt
fv = 0

2-13
2-14

f ( p ) C

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[]
g ( p )

0 C

r = il (t) + jm (t) + kn (t) p

d r t0
(
dt

0)

t = t0 r (t0) = op 2-3
z

Absolute maxmum
f (p)
p Constraint
g (p)
maxmum
g x, y, z = 0

Tangent vector =
Nornal veclor

d r t0
dt

f (p)
g( p) p

CF

CF

O
f x, y, z

y
x

(a)

(b)

2-3 C

f x, y, z p
Composite functionf (l (t), m (t), n (t))
t = t0

df
=
dt

d r t0
=
dt

f (r t0 )

d r t0
= 0
dt

f ( p )

2-15

g x, y, z p t = t0

dg
=
dt

d r t0
=
dt

d r t0
= 0
dt

2-16

f ( p ) g ( p )

d r t0

dt

g (r t0 )

g ( p )

20

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Anti-parallel

Absorption coefficient

342,

436

572
Antisymmetric wavefunction

AC electrical conductivity
110

382

Schrdinger

Acoustic phonons

383

Atomic dimension

Acoustic vibration

384

Atomic form factor

Acoustical branch 510


Acoustical phonon scattering

481,

507, 509
Airy function

Allowed band

556

Atomic scattering factor

Augmented plane wave method (APW)

416

188

170

Average magnetic dipole moment

Allowed energy bands

457

210

Average magnetic momentum

Alloy scattering

381

446

124

Analytic behavior 321


Analytical solutions

368

Band gap

197
Angular momentum

455
254

Band structures
9,

Anti-ferromagnetism

343

170

Band mixing

250, 363
309

170

Band-to-band transition

311

567
Anomalous dispersion

Band index

Anisotropic
Annihilation operator

Band edge

Anderson

Anderson localization

571, 577

426

151, 157
Airy 339

Alfven wave propagation

Amorphous

237

Atomic magnetization
Atomic model

151, 159

383

Acoustical phonons

98
Atom Schrdinger equation

Acceptor atoms

472

Anti-parallel vector

420

444,

Barrier width

209

Basis vector

39

Basis vector

131

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Best eigenfunctions

516, 590

Bloch condition

Bloch 176

Bloch electrons

Bloch 354
Bloch 373

Bloch equation

Bloch function Bloch 171, 176


Bloch state

Bloch velocity

C
Carrier concentration

170

Bloch 299, 354

Body-Centered Cubic (BCC)

Carrier fluxes

Bohm-Pines energy Bohm-Pines


5, 91
Bohr 459

Bohr-van Leeuwen theorem


Leeuwen

Bohr-van

Boltzmann transport equation

Boltzm-

function

Bose-Einstein 12
Bound electrons 408

Cellular method 188


Central force field

48

Chemical potential

311

Chemical potential 27

Boundary curve

55, 170

19

Bound-charge current/waves

Bragg 151

Bravais lattice
Bravais lattices

120

Classical mechanics 27, 396


103

12

Classical particles

43

Closure relation

582

Collective longitudinal mode

554

582
Collective longitudinal oscillation

582

598
Bragg's law

415

Classical ideal gas law

Collective excitations

382

Boundary condition

58

Collective displacement

12, 21, 27, 554, 568

Classical model

ann 362, 369

Boundary

373

Cauchy Schwarz inequality Cauchy Schwarz

450

distribution

311,

380

Circularly polarization

445, 447

Boltzmann constant Boltzmann

Bose-Einstein

Carrier-carrier scattering

140

Bohr magneton

362
Carrier transport 369

Bloch 84

Bloch theorem Bloch

329
599

Bulk polaritons

256
Binding energy

Boson

Bulk

Bravais 133
Bravais 124

Brillouin zone

Brillouin

Brillouin zone

Brillouin 133

190

Collision process
Collision time
Columbic term

370

107
Coulomb 559

Column vector 147


Commutation relation

562

622

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Commutator

542

58, 87

Complex dielectric constant

Coulomb

Coupled excited states

20

Coupled Plasmon-LO Phonon Polaritons


-

172

Conduction bands

48

597

310

Composite function

Conductivity effective mass

Coulomb 431

Coulomb gauge

Coulomb potential

402

Complex dielectric constant

604, 605

Coupling constant

572

Coupling parameter

304

596

Conductivity tensor 377

Creation operator 9, 567

Configurational coordinate

Critical point 321, 326

593

Cryogenic-Liquid specific heat

Configurational parameter
593

479

Crystal class
389

Conformal mapping

Constant-energy ellipsoid

313

124

Crystal classes

Crystal defect

17

Constant-volume specific heat

478

Crystal lattice

Crystal lattice

Crystal momentum

Constraint

17

Crystal planes

Constructive interference

130
122

299

Crystal scattering

380

240

Crystal field integral

Constant energy

132

381

Crystal space lattices 125

150
Continuity equation

107

Continuum model
556

130

Crystal structure
Crystal structures

Crystal systems

Coordinate number 573

Coordinate operator

Crystal waves

44

46, 122

Coordinate space

Correct zero-order wave function

75

Crystal-like array

504

Crystallographic axes
Crystals

385

124

172, 268
269

Cubic symmetry

Coulomb fields

Coulomb 388

Curie constant

Coulomb force

Coulomb

Curie temperature

396, 455,

124

198

Cubic crystal symmetry

Correlation effect 83
Correlation energy

122

Curier 454
Curie 444

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Curie 444

Curie's law

589

Deformation potential scattering

Curie's principle

Curie

Curie-Weiss law

Curie-Weiss

128

384

Degenerate semiconductors

472
Cyclotron frequency

346,

171

Degenerate wave functions

412
Cylindrical coordinates

256
Delocalization

325

171, 172,

200, 589

198

Delocalized states
Damping factor
DC electrical conductivity

408

330

-function

110

Density of state effective mass


304

Debye T 3 law

Debye T 3 491

Density of states

299

Debye 492

Density of states

16

Debye frequency
Debye function

Debye 490

Debye model Debye

479-481,

490-491, 493

Diadic

528

Diagonal planes

133

Diamagnetic moment

Debye temperature Debye 489

Diamagnetism 444

Debye-Scherrer method Debye-Scherrer

Diamond

164

151, 159, 164


Defect scattering
Deformation

587

107,

Deformation energy

Dielectric relaxation process


108

384

Dielectric relaxation time


107

593

Deformation optic scattering

585

Differential curve
Differential operator

19

Diffraction pattern

Deformation potential

384

Deformation potential acoustic phonon


scattering

Dielectric constant
404, 435

380

Deformation acoustic scattering

172

Dielectric 107

Debye-Waller factor Debye-Waller

448

382
Deformation potential coupling

Dimensionless parameters

150, 158

55

Dipole moments

386

Dirac function Dirac

44

Dirac notation

42

Dirac 38, 39

624

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Discontinuity 384
Discrete energy
Disorder

gral

Disordered lattice 198


Dispersion relation

577

Eigenenergy

252

37

255

Eigenequation

Eigenfunction

561
17

Distribution function
Donor atoms

Eigenstate

382

Eigenstate

Double-crystal X-ray diffraction

40
42

Eigenvector 9
Eigen-wavefunction

168

37

Eigenmode

547

Divergence free

299

Effective nearest-neighbor exchange inte-

335

198

Displacement coordinate

Effective masses

Drift process

370

Einstein function Einstein

Drift velocity

379

Einstein model

Drude model Drude 3, 102, 103,

Drude-Lorentz

Dulong-Petit

Dynamical matrix

517,

593

Elastic properties

555

Electric current

373

490

Electric current density 374,

526

377

E
Eddy current

Edge dislocation

550

381

Electric dipole

Electric dipole

400

107

Electric dipole approximation

Effect Lande factor Lande


353

396, 424, 435

Electric dipole Hamiltonian

Effective dielectric constant

Einstein

487

Elastic waves

480

488

Einstein 479-481,

Elastic energy

403, 421

Dulong-Petit law

597

488-489, 492-493
Einstein temperature

403
Drude-Lorentz model

589

Effective mass tensor

347

254

470

Electric quadrupole approximation

435

Electric quadrupole Hamiltonian

Effective mass wave function

Hamiltonian 423
Electric local field

Effective g-factor g-

344

Hamiltonian 423
Electric susceptibility

405

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490

Electrical resistivity

7, 396

Electrodynamics

Electron cyclotron resonance effective


mass

304

Electron Cyclotron Resonance (ECR)

304

Electron density

364

Equations of motion
Ergodic surface

Euler's theorem

Euler 86

Ewald circle

Ewald

583

157

Ewald

Ewald construction
Ewlad sphere

17

Ewald

Exact solution 80

Electron gas 583, 604

Exchange field

Electron g-factor

Exchange operator

Electron spin

g-

459

338,

556
586

479

480

305, 555

Exciton-like polariton

Exciton-polariton

597,

606

Electronic specific heat 478,

Extended states

181

Extended zone scheme

494
339

Electrooptical energy

Element semiconductor

196
External field excitation 570
Extinction coefficient 403

382
Elementary excitations

554

Ellipsoidal constant energy surface

140
Factor

Elliptical cylinder 16
Empty-lattice bands

Empty-lattice model

222

213

37

416

Federov group Federov

127

422

Energy gap 170, 178, 555

Fermi surface

Energy operator 36, 44

Fermi surfaces
Fermi system

569

Equation of motion

159

Faraday resonance

Fermi golden rule Fermi

170

Energy eigenvalue

Face-Centered Cubic (FCC)

312

Energy bands

Elliptical coil 16

Entropy

571

597, 606

Electronic modes of thermal agitation

470

554

Excitation waves
Exciton

Electronic interactions

Excitation modes of thermal agitation

459

Electron theory 102


Electron-hole pair

156

157

586

30

Fermi 188
Fermi

33

Fermi-Dirac distribution function

Fer-

626

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mi-Dirac 12

Frenkel exciton

Fermi-Dirac

Fermi-Dirac integral
308
Fermion

556

Frhlich coupling Frhlich

589

Full crystal Schrdinger equation

Schrdinger

12, 21, 30-32, 92, 554

Ferrimagnetism

Frenkel

44, 571,

Full energy

237

70

Full energy eigenvalue

577
44, 571, 577

Ferromagnetism

First Brillouin zone Brillouin

Full Hamiltonian Hamiltonian


Full Schrdinger equation

195, 509
First rank tensor 129
First-order perturbation correction

69

170, 343

Fundamental vector

Fourier 173

Fourier expansion

-rays

Fourier 136

Fourier domain

408

578

131

29

function

Fourier coefficient

69

Full-width half mean (FWHM)

210
Fourier analysis

127

Full symmetry group


Full wave function

Floquet theorem Floquet 170


Forbidden energy bands

69
Schro-

dinger 70

252

Forbidden band

490

-space

13

'-space

' 13

Fourier

181
Fourier series

Fourier

Galvomagnetic effects

7, 136

Fourier Transformation Fourier


122
Franz-Keldysh effect Franz-Keldysh

Gauge

344

Gauss' law

102

Ganss 107

Generalized momentum operator

446

566

343

Free electron gas

31

Free electron model

3,

Generalized position operator


566
Generalized transport coefficients

103
Free space

Gas dynamics

Generalized coordinate

337

Franz-Keldysh oscillation Franz-Keldysh

115

615, 617

Free-charge current
598
Freedom 329, 485

376
Generalized velocity 446
g-factor

g- 459

Green's function method

Green

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571

188
555

Ground state energy

Group representations 268


Gyromagnetic factor
Gyromagnetic ratio

g- 459
459

Heisenberg uncertainty principle


Helicon wave propagation 416
Hellmann-Feynman theorem
Feynman

Hei-

senberg 37, 57
Hellmann-

38, 81

Helmholtz free energy Helmholtz


Hall coefficient Hall 116

569

Hall effect Hall 115

Hermite function Hermite

Hall measurement Hall

Hermitian

Hamilton's equation

Hamilton

446

56

39, 42, 45-46, 87, 277


Hermitian 45

Hermitian matrix

Hermitian operator Hermitian

Hamiltonian

13, 14, 79, 92, 95, 214, 237,

251, 255, 273, 287, 338, 344, 347,

566
Hexagonal Close Packed (HCP)

424-425, 427, 429-432, 447, 457-458,

140

461, 468, 557, 561, 564, 567-568, 571,

Hexagonal system

583-584

High-frequency dielectric constant

Harmonic approximation

506, 517, 564


163

Harmonic oscillator 13
Harrison's construction Harrison
190

91
Hartree-Fock

38, 91

Heat capacity

127

Holosymmetric cubic
127

Holstein-Primakoff Transformation Hol575

Homogeneous crystal

377

Homogeneous function

Hartree-Fock equation

stein-Primakoff

Hartree-Fock approximation Hartree-Fock

132

590
Holosymmetric

Harmonic oscillator

Hooke's law

478

Heat current

Homogeneous media

Heat dissipation barrier

542, 546

Hyper-Virial theorem

berg 571
Heisenberg picture

Heisen-

Heisenberg Hamiltonian 571


Heisenberg

Hyper-Virial

86

598
Heisenberg equation of motion

397

Hooke 482, 506

Huang equation

373-374

86

Imperfection

Impurity scattering
Indistinguishable

379, 381
381

97

628

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410

Induced polarization

Infinite potential well 48

Isotropic
Iteration

190, 376

260

Infinitesimal Interval

105
Joint density of states

Infrared 412

Inhomogeneous media

321, 437

397
13

Initial conditions

Kane mode

15

Initial phase angle

Integrodifferential equation

371

Interaction Hamiltonian
Hamiltonian

422, 425

Interaction integral 240


Interaction process
Interband transitions

370

363,

429

Kane 249

38, 83
kp method kp

381

405
Kroneck delta function

Kroneck delta

138

104, 478, 494,

499

Lagrange

17, 25
Landau effect Landau

Internal molecular field 470


Internal molecular field constant

470

Intervalley phonons
Intervalley scattering
Intravalley phonons
Intravalley scattering

386

383

387

383

Inversion symmetry
Inversion symmetry
Irreducible representations
268

124
525

Lagrange

12
Lagrange multipliers

Internal energy

172

Kramers-Kronig relations Kramers-Kronig

Lagrange multiplier method

Interface roughness

188

Koopmans theorem Koopmans

Interelectronic scattering
388

Kane kp

Kane's kp method

337

Landau gauge

Landau 344

Landau levels

Landau 344

Landau model

Landau 413

Lande g-factor Lande g- 353, 462


Langevin 452,

Langevin function
468

Langevin theory Langevin

445,

454
Large polarons

Larmor frequency
Lattice

589

Larmor 456

125

Irrotational 547

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Lattice constant

175, 182

Lattice modes of thermal agitation

Localized states

136

Lattice polarizability

Lattice scattering

589
478,

181

Long wavelength approximation


Long wavelength limit

515

480

Lattice vector

Lattice vibration
Laue condition

136, 434

504, 561

Laue 151

Laue method Laue

Long wavelength phonons


387

Longitudinal acoustical (LA) phonons


511

164

Left-handed enantiomorphic

127

Longitudinal deformation

507
Lens 455

Lenz's law

Longitudinal mode

Linear Boltzmann transport equation


(LBTE) Boltzmann
373

528, 609

Longitudinal optical (LO) phonons


511
Longitudinal Phonon Plasmon Polaritons

Linear combinations of atomic orbital

(LCAO)

(LPP) - 604
Longitudinal waves
Lorentz force

171
Linear electron-lattice coupling

199

515

380

Lattice specific heat

Localized state
Localized states

479
Lattice periodicity

Localized electrons 555

Liquid crystal

403, 413

Lowdin's renormalization method


Luttinger Hamiltonian
Luttinger parameters

348
Local electrical field

113

543

Local maximum

Lowdin
Low-

din 172, 255

381

Local density of states

296
Luttinger

298
Luttinger-Kohn's model Luttinger-Kohn

19

Local minimum 19
Localization

Lorentz 115, 366, 396

Lorentz model Lorentz


172, 188, 255

374

102

Liquid nitrogen

Local field

579

Lowdin's perturbation method

593

Linear operator

Lyddane-Sach-Teller relation

171, 589

Localized atomic wave functions

250
LST

548

238

630

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Maxwell-Boltzmann

Mean field theory


21

Macrostates

Mean free path

Magnetic dielectric media


599

12

470

113

Mean free time between collisions

108
400

Magnetic dipole

435

Hamiltonian

188

Metallic conduction

Magnetic dipole Hamiltonian


423

Magnetic flux

454

455

21
Miller

Miller index

Minimum

345

Magnetic length

197
Microstates

Magnetic dipole moment

Mirror plane 191

446

Mobility

Magnetic ordering

442, 570

Mobility effective mass

397

Magnetic susceptibility

442

Magnetization 401, 445


Magnetogyric ratio
Magnetoplasma resonance

Momentum operator 44

Momentum space

7, 46,

122, 133

459

Monoclinic

416

133
Mott

Mott transition

197

Nearly free electron model

597
Magnon-polariton

- 597

Many-body effect

583

171
Neel temperature

Neel

449

Matrix formulation 7

Neutral

Matrix formulation 146

Neutral atoms

Matrix mechanics

444, 475

Negative magnetic susceptibility

38, 64

Matrix element 432

47

Matrix representation
Maximum

304

305, 555

Magnon-like polariton

MASER

362, 388

Mode number 491

Magnetic specific heat 478

Magnon

131

322

Magnetic moment

Magnetic permeability function

Metal-insulator transition

Magnetic dipole approximation

Neutrons
267

322

Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function

382

382

490

Newtonian law

Newton

482

Nondegenerate band
Nondegenerate semiconductor

252

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Nonmagnetic dielectric media

599

Nonpolar materials

386

Nonpolar optic scattering

383
Optical phonons

481. 509

Optoelectronics

396

Orbital magnetic dipole moment

Non-primitive cell 131


Non-primitive translation vector

Orbital magnetic dipole moment

447
Orbiting electron 445

131

Normal dispersion

419

Normal gradient
Normal mode
Normalization
Normalized condition

190

Order 198
198

Ordered lattice

Orthogonality 42

527

Orthogonality property

42

181
Orthogonalizd plane wave (OPW) me-

37
Nuclear magnetic dipole moment

thods

188

Orthonormal functions

447

255

255

Orthonormalization
Observable operator

456

384, 386

Optical phonon scattering

308

39

Oscillator strength

Occupation probability
Ohm's law

133

Orthorhombic

373

Ohm 107

One-dimensional freedom

Overlap integral

Operator 9
Optic phonons
Optic strain

383
384

Optical branch
Optical effective mass

472

Paramagnetic susceptibility
449

385

Optic vibration

304, 411

Paramagnetic Curie temperature


Curie

85
Onsager relation Onsager 362

240

329
One-electron energy

404,

608

510

Paramagnetism 444
Parametric curve

Partition function

16, 568

Pauli exclusive principle

19

Pauli

5, 12, 91

Peltier coefficient Peltier 376

632

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Periodic zone scheme

Plasma resonance barrier


598

196

Permanent magnetic moment


Perturbation Hamiltonian
Hamiltonian

38, 68

Perturbation theory

Perturbing potential

383

Phase point 13

598
Point group 3
Polar dielectric

449

386

509

Polar optic scattering

12-13

Phase velocity

598
Plasmon-polariton

69

Perturbation parameter 69

Phase space

305, 555

Plasmon

Plasmon-like polariton

448-449

Phasor

305, 555

Polariton

Polaritonics 597-598

430

Phenomenological theory

570

597

Polaritons
Polarization

386, 542

Phonon

305, 504, 555

Polarization

Phonon energy

569

Polarization vector

Phonon-like polariton

Phonon-polariton

598,

604-605

555

Physical observables

527

305, 555, 588


590

Polaron normal mode

Polaron radius

Polaron theory

587

Polycrystalline

125

Ponting theorem

597

Poynting 401

Positive magnetic susceptibility

46
Piezoelectric coupling

589

Piezoelectric effect
Piezoelectric potential
Piezoelectric scattering
Planck's postulate
Plasma

401, 543

595

601
Phonon-Plasmon-Polaritons
Photon

Polaron

Polaron energy

598, 601

384

384
384

Planck 57

102, 577

449
Potential barrier strength

209
Powder method
Power loss

164

436

p-representation

47

Plasma frequency

582

Primitive cell

Plasma frequency

114, 411

Primitive reciprocal vectors

Plasma oscillations

555

131, 509

146

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Primitive translation vector

195

Reflection

146, 248

Propagation constant

565

Pseudomomentum 301
188

Pseudopotential method

Pure depolarization field

Reflectivity

403

Refractive index

Relaxation time

103, 604

396, 403

Relaxation time approximation


r-representation 47

Representation
521

Quadratic term

Quantum well

329

Quantum wire

329

Quasi-momentum

301

Rotation

124

Row vector 147

Random phase approximation


586

Saddle

322
159

Scattering amplitude

N-rank tensor N 129

Scattering mechanisms

Real crystal 3

362,

378

122

Real space

164

574

Radius vectors

582

127
Rotating-crystal method

Real lattices

Restoring force

Right-handed enantiomorphic

554

Quasi-particles

419-420

102

Quantum theory

Resonance frequency
329

7, 396

Quantum mechanics

267

Research-oriented

12

Quantum dot

124, 420

310

582

Quanta

Reduced zone scheme

131

Primitive translation vectors

55

Recursion relation

Scattering potential

7, 122, 133

Scattering process

380

370

Reciprocal crystal

Schottky anomaly Schottky 498

Reciprocal lattice

Schottky effect

122

Reciprocal lattice vectors


137
Reciprocal space
Reciprocal vectors

Schottky 498

Schottky specific heat Schottky


479, 498

122

Schrdinger's equation Schrdinger


133

36

634

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Screening radius

381

Screw dislocation

304

Spatial variation

Spatial vector

s-d 244

s-d mixing

124

607

Spatial dispersion

s-d 244

s-d hybridization

Space lattice

311

129

Second rank tensor 129

Specific heat

Second-order off-diagonal matrix ele-

Specific heat anomaly 479

ments

Specific heat effective mass

270

Second-order perturbation correction

78, 243,

304

396

Self- induced potential

Spherically symmetric system

Spherically symmetry

457

Spin degenerate factor

325, 437

590

Self-trapping potential
590

Spin deviations

Spin eigenvalue

348

Spin Hamiltonian

Self-adjoint 45
Semi-classical 301
Semiconductor alloys

572

Hamiltonian

571

Spin magnetic dipole moment

447

382
Short wavelength phonons

Spin operator
Spin wave

386

Simple Cubic (SC)

140

Simple harmonic oscillator

571

576

Spin waves

555

Spin-down

30

Spin-orbit interaction -

48
Single band

172

252

Single electron Hamiltonian

Singularity

Spin-up

39, 181-182

Small damping

581

State

Small polarons

589

State vector

Sommerfeld

Static dielectric constant

41

590

32, 479, 495

Source-free media

408, 507

Standard deviation 58

321

Sommerfeld expansion

30

Spring constant

Hamiltonian 214

478

469

258
Selection rules

Specific heat function

252
Secular equation

478

Space group 3, 125

399

Static lattice energy

517

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Static lattice model 518


Stationary Bloch function

Teaching-oriented 2

379

Stationary state

Tensors

349
433

Stimulated emission process

128

Thermal conductivity

24

Structure factor

151, 159

304

Sublattice 472

Thermal energy

500

Surface charge density

Thermal energy

383

Thermal excitation

582
Surface element

Surface exciton-polariton

614
-

Surface phonon-polariton

Surface plasmon-polariton

599,

Susceptibility equation

376

Third rank tensor

129

Three-dimensional freedom

329

Tight-binding model

171

Time constant 372

613
Symmetric wavefunction

Time dependence of density matrix

98
Symmetrical unit cell

584

Time dependent Schrdinger's equation


Schrdinger 36

133
Symmetry gauge

311

614

Symmetry analysis

26

Thomas factor Thomas 274

614

Surface polaritons

Thermodynamics

Thermopower

614

586

118

Thermoelectromotive force

614

Thermal motion
Thermal power

Surface magnon-polariton

570

490

Thermal expansion

377

378
Thermal effective mass

384

117

Thermal conductivity 118, 376


Thermal conductivity coefficient

433

Stirling's theorem Stirling


Strain

15, 159,

164

111

Stimulated emission

Temperature factor

Statistical mechanics
Step function

Taylor 521

Taylor theorem

378

Steady state

Bloch

173

468

Time domain
Time harmonic

578

406

636

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Time independent Schrdinger's equation


Schrdinger 36

Time-dependent perturbation theory

Time-independent degenerate perturbation

theory

Translations

214

Transport phenomena

373

380

Transpose matrix

296

Transverse acoustical (TA) phonons

511

38

Time-independent linear operator

bation theory

Transverse current 116


Transverse mode

87

Time-independent nondegenerate pertur

406

528

Transverse optical (TO) phonons

511
579

Transverse waves

38

Time-varied electric field

Triclinic

133

Two-dimensional freedom
450

Torque

329

Total energy 486

Two-level system

Total ground state energy

250

Transport theory

38

64, 467,

499, 501
Two-state system

517

Total potential energy

518,

38

562
Trajectory

Ultraviolet

13

Transition probability per time

Transition probability rate


Transition probability rate

435

Translation operator 173


Translation process

Translation symmetry operation

370

127

Translation vectors

Translational symmetry

131, 508

Valence bands
Valley

172
386

van der Pauw method van der Pauw


117, 362, 388
van Hove singularity van Hove
321
Variational method 93

137

123, 597
Translational vector

561

422

412

Unit cell

422, 435

Uncoupled terms

214,

Vector potential

426, 468

Velocity of Bloch electrons

Bloch

299

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Velocity vector 19
485

Vibrational energy

Virial theorem Virial

Visible

197

38, 85

Wigner hypothesis

Wigner 197

Wigner-Seitz cell Wigner-Seitz


133

412

Volume of the primitive cell

138
Volume plasmons

von Hove singularity

X-ray diffraction X 3

580

von Hove

135

320
von Neumann principle

von Neumann

X-rays

X 490

128

W
Wannier function
Wavenumber

556

Wannier 171

470
445, 470

Wiedmann-Franz

120
Wigner- Seitz

Wigner

Hamilto-

69

Zero-point pressure

32

172

Zone boundary
Zone edge

186

Wigner crystallization

nian

Zinc-blende

Wigner and Seitz method

71
Zero-order Hamiltonian

Weiss theory Weiss

57

Zero-dimensional freedom

Zero-order eigenfunction

Weiss molecular field coefficient

Wiedmann-Franz law

Zero energy
329

331

Weiss field Weiss 470

Zeeman 570, 577

Zeeman effect

Wannier exciton Wannier

X-ray diffraction patterns

190

539

Zone edge central cell function

253

638

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., 2011.11

I S B N: 978-957-11-6473-1
1.
330

100020445

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Basic Solid State Physics

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