You are on page 1of 8

CAUSE-EFFECT

O because
O since
O 9en
O 9erefore
O as a resul9
O for 9is
reason
O 9us
O accordingly
O as a consequence
O consequen9ly
O enc

COMPARISION
O also
O like
O 9oo
O as well as
O bo9 and
O compared 9o
O by comparison
O in common wi9
O similarly
Meaning
Basic Form and
Formal Use
More Formal Most Formal
ADDITION
O also
O firs9
second
etc.

O addi9ionally
O besides
O fur9er
O fur9ermore
O in addi9ion
O las9 bu9 no9
leas9
O nex9
O no9 only bu9
also
O 9oo

O equally impor9an9
O moreover
O similarly

O as well O in 9e same
way
O likewise
O nei9er nor
O in like manner

CONTRAST
O owever
O bu9
O ins9ead
O never9eless
O on 9e o9er
and
O conversely
O in con9ras9 9o
O in opposi9ion 9o
O on 9e con9rary
O o9erwise
O s9ill
O wereas
O al9oug
O even 9oug

TIME
O af9er a wile
O af9er 9a9
O also
O a9 las9
O curren9ly
O earlier
O even9ually
O finally
O firs9 second
etc.
O in 9e fu9ure
O in 9e pas9
O las9
O nex9
O now
O af9erward
O a9 9e same
9ime
O formerly
O immedia9ely
O in 9e
mean9ime
O la9er
O concurren9ly
O previously
O simul9aneously
O subsequen9ly

EXAMPLE for example


O for ins9ance
O in o9er
words
O as an example
O as an illus9ra9ion
O 9o exemplify

SUMMARY- O finally O af9er all O accordingly


CONCLUSION O 9erefore O all in all
O a9 las9
O briefly
O consequen9ly
O las9
O on 9e wole
O 9us
O as a consequence
O in brief
O in closing
O in conclusion
O in sor9
O 9o sum up
O in summary
O 9o conclude
O 9o summarize

usefu/ connectives ho

xp/oininq omporison onditiono/


because but If
as however or
s|nce a|though then
though un|ess
therefore yet
so who
as a resu|t neverthe|ess wh|ch
consequent|y whereas
on the other
hand
whether
desp|te th|s whenever
|n sp|te of
wh||e
s|m||ar|y


@ime 4ddinq
f|rst|y and
second|y a|so
next
then |n add|t|on
|ater furthermore
after add|t|ona||y
subsequent|y as we|| as

before bes|des wh|ch
moreover
when
meanwh||e
dur|ng

|ast|y
f|na||y
usefu/ connectives m o

xp/oininq


omporison onditiono/
because but If
as yet or
s|nce however then
a|though un|ess
therefore though
so who
as a resu|t wh|ch
consequent|y


@ime


4ddinq
f|rst|y and
second|y a|so
next
then |n add|t|on
|ater furthermore
after
as we|| as
before

when

|ast|y
f|na||y





usefu/ connectives / o

xp/oininq


omporison onditiono/
because but If
as then
s|nce
though who
so yet wh|ch



@ime


4ddinq
f|rst|y and
second|y a|so
next
then
|ater

before

when

|ast|y
f|na||y