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The American Revolution and United States Government, 1763 - 1791 A Lesson Sample from Curriculum Collection The

United States Constitution and the Adoption of the Bill of Rights Created by Jamie Charrier, Lunenburg High School, Lunenburg, MA Grading the Preamble of the United States Constitution (1 Day, 50 minutes) Lesson Sample Grade Level: Grade 10, United States History as aligned with MA Curriculum Frameworks Core Knowledge/Enduring Understanding: As America strived for independence, rights of the individual progressed and became arguable balanced with the common good. Essential Questions: How did the rights of the Patriots reflect a compromise between individual rights and the common good? How does the United States Constitution reflect these ideals? What conflicts arose in establishing these ideals? What was the role of war in establishing these ideals?

Learning Standard: USI.7 Explain the roles of various founders at the Constitutional Convention. Describe the major debates that occurred at the Convention and the Great Compromise that was reached. Objectives: After reading the Preamble of the United States Constitution, students will: analyze and discuss the main components of such, more perfect union, the establishment of justice, domestic tranquility, common defense, general welfare, and liberty as to how they function today, in a satisfactory and just fashion or an unsatisfactory and unjust manner. grade each component of the Preamble as stated above. Grades should be based on prior historical knowledge, personal opinion, reason and logic. discuss and share their given grades as well as their reasoning in support of the grade. Hopefully this will spark and foster academic debate and discussion.

Motivation: Student will: view a basic overhead, this can simply be written on the black/whiteboard or it can be distributed as a class handout that reads the following, If you were given the opportunity to grade the quality of life politically, socially, economically and militarily within America, what letter grade would the country receive from you? Ask a few student volunteers to share their initial thoughts and philosophies in regards to such. (3-5 minutes) Procedure: (Post Motivation) Students will: be asked and preferably respond to the following question, If you were to give a grade to the country you would have to correct something much like they do in a school setting with tests, quizzes, projects and other forms of academic assessment therefore, what national document would you use to distribute your grade? Hopefully, a student volunteer will suggests the United States Constitution and then the instructor would agree that this would be an appropriate document. At this point the instructor will suggest that the class view, analyze and grade only the Preamble. (5 minutes) be given a copy of the Preamble to the United States Constitution and will read such aloud as a class. Teacher should encourage student volunteers to participate in the reading process. (1 minute) Then be given a grading sheet to grade the various and major components stated in the Preamble (4 minutes) be asked and encouraged to work with a discussion partner to begin and complete the grading process. (10-15 minutes) reconvene as a collective class and discuss the various grades given to the major components of the Preamble. Students will be encouraged via open-ended questions to support their grades by providing more than their opinion but also concrete examples, logic and reason. (20-25 minutes)

Materials: Students will need and use: a writing utensil a copy of the Preamble to the United States Constitution a report card/grading handout

Assessment: Students will be assessed in the following areas: appropriate participation during the motivation, the procedure of grading and in the collective classroom discussion of the grading process thoroughness as seen on the grading handout, an exemplary grade handout demonstrates a students ability to provide their audience with more than a personal opinion by supporting grades with evidence and/or concrete examples, logic and reason.

Follow Up: Students will: Further their knowledge gained in regards to the Preamble by reading the rest of the United States Constitution.

Report Card: The United States of America, The Preamble to the United States Constitution

How well has our government performed on each one of the six major components/goals of the Preamble to the United States Constitution? Give a grade, A F and provide a comment(s) to support each given grade. Comments should be supported by specific evidence and/or concrete examples past or present and furthered maintained by logic and reason.

1. a more perfect union, Grade: Comments:

2. establish justice, Grade: Comments:

3. ensure domestic tranquility, Grade: Comments:

4. provide for the common defence, Grade: Comments:

5. promote the general welfare, Grade: Comments:

6. secure the blessing of liberty, Grade: Comments: