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The Australian Coal Industry - Coal Exports Details

Australia's Black Coal Exports by Destination: 2008-09 *


Destination Region/CountryMetallurgical CoalThermal CoalTotal CoalShare % Volume - million tonnes Asia Japan 43.3 61.5 104.8 39.8 Korea (Rep of) 15.1 27.9 43.1 16.3 Taiwan 6.1 20.0 26.1 9.9 China 15.5 9.5 25.0 9.5 India 23.8 0.9 24.7 9.4 Thailand 0 3.5 3.5 1.3 Malaysia 0 2.7 2.7 1.0 Turkey 1.7 0.3 2.1 0.8 Other Asia 0.9 0.6 1.5 0.6 Total Asia 106.6 126.9 233.5 88.6 Europe Netherlands 3.6 United Kingdom 3.9 France 2.3 Italy 2.2 Spain 1.7 Belgium/Luxembourg 1.7 Germany 1.4 Sweden 1.0 Other Europe 0.9 Total Europe^ 18.6 Other Countries Brazil 3.9 Mexico 0.4 South Africa 1.0 Other 0.9 Total Other Countries 6.2 Total 2008-09 131.4 Total 2007-08 137.5 Change % - 4.4 Total value - $A million 2008-09 40,166 2007-08 16,160 Change % 148.6 Average value - $A per tonne 0.6 0.1 1.1 0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 2.2 0.2 2.1 0 0.6 2.9 132.0 114.8 15.0 18,208 8,520 113.7 4.2 3.9 3.4 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.0 0.9 20.9 4.1 2.5 1.0 1.5 9.1 263.4 252.3 4.4 58,373 24,680 136.5 1.6 1.5 1.3 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3 7.9 1.5 0.9 0.4 0.6 3.4 100.0 100.0

2008-09 2007-08 Change %

305.66 117.54 160.0

137.90 74.20 85.8

221.58 97.82 126.5

Top Ten Hard Coal Producers (2010e) PR China 3162Mt USA India Australia South Africa 932Mt 538Mt 353Mt 255Mt

Russia Indonesia Kazakhstan Poland Colombia

248Mt 173Mt 105Mt 77Mt 74Mt

In 2010, world hard coal production increased by 6.8%, compared to 1.8% in 2009. It continued to be driven by growth in production from the non-OECD countries with 8.4%

Total Global Brown Coal/Lignite Production


1042Mt (2010e) 1033Mt (2009) 1184Mt (1990)

Top Ten Brown Coal Producers (2010e) Germany 169Mt Indonesia Russia Turkey Australia 163Mt 76Mt 69Mt 67Mt Greece

USA

65Mt 56Mt

Poland Czech Republic Serbia

56Mt 44Mt 37Mt

Brown coal production in the OECD countries continued to decline while non-OECD brown coal production rose to a record level, led by Indonesia which accounted for over 75% of global incremental growth.
Top Ten Coal Consumers (2010e) PR China 2516Mtce USA 733Mtce South Africa Germany 141Mtce 105Mtce

India Russia Japan Reserves

434Mtce 177Mtce 165Mtce

Korea Poland Chinese Taipei

103Mtce 87Mtce 60Mtce

At current production levels, proven coal reserves are estimated to last 118 years, with recoverable reserves in around 70 countries. In contrast, proven oil and gas reserves are equivalent to around 46 and 59 years at current production levels respectively and over 62% of oil and 64% of gas reserves are concentrated in the Middle East and Russia.
Coal in Electricity Generation

Coal is the major fuel used for generating electricity worldwide - countries heavily dependent on coal for electricity include (2008, 2009):
South Africa Poland PR China Australia Coal & Steel 93% 90% 79% 76% Kazakhstan India Israel Czech Rep 70% 69% 63% 56% Morocco Greece USA Germany 55% 55% 45% 44%

Approximately 13% (around 717Mt) of total hard coal production is currently used by the steel industry and over 60% of total global steel production is dependent on coal.
International Hard Coal Trade Steam 1990 2000 2010 297Mt 402Mt 676Mt Coking 496Mt 585Mt 938Mt Total Trade

199Mt 183Mt 262Mt

Development of Seaborne Trade

(Source: SSY - www.ssyonline.com)

Steam Coal Atlantic 1986 1996 2009 74Mt 125Mt 196Mt Pacific 59Mt 139Mt 433Mt 61Mt 70Mt 53Mt

Coking Coal Atlantic Pacific 81Mt 103Mt 164Mt

Top Coal Exporters (2010e) Total of which Australia Indonesia Russia USA South Africa Colombia Canada 298Mt 162Mt 109Mt 74Mt 70Mt 68Mt 31Mt Steam 143Mt 160Mt 95Mt 23Mt 68Mt 67Mt 4Mt Coking 155Mt 2Mt 14Mt 51Mt 2Mt 1Mt 27Mt

Top Coal Importers (2010e) Total of which Japan PR China South Korea India Chinese Tapei Germany Turkey 187Mt 177Mt 119Mt 90Mt 63Mt 46Mt 27Mt Steam 129Mt 129Mt 91Mt 60Mt 58Mt 38Mt 20Mt Coking 58Mt 48Mt 28Mt 30Mt 5Mt 8Mt 7Mt

Sources: BP, IEA, World Steel Association, SSY, WEC (e = estimated) (Mt = Million tonnes) August 2011

Documents

Coal Facts 2011 Coal Facts 2009 Coal Facts 2008 Coal Facts 2007 Coal Facts 2006 Coal Facts 2005

http://www.worldcoal.org/resources/coal-statistics/