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Labor Standards and Soc|a| Leg|s|at|on lsoqool M ulooelo

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kepub||c Act No8187 1he atern|ty Leave Act of 1996



Nature and kequ|s|tes

8A 8187 ls an acL granLlng aLernlLy Leave of Seven (7) days wlLh full pay Lo all
marrled male employees ln Lhe prlvaLe and publlc secLors for Lhe flrsL four (4)
dellverles of Lhe leglLlmaLe spouse wlLh whom he ls cohablLlng

lor purposes of Lhls AcL aLernlLy Leave refers Lo Lhe beneflLs granLed Lo a
marrled male employee allowlng hlm noL Lo reporL for work for seven (7) days
buL conLlnues Lo earn Lhe compensaLlon Lherefor on Lhe condlLlon LhaL hls
spouse has dellvered a chlld or suffered a mlscarrlage for purposes of enabllng
hlm Lo effecLlvely lend supporL Lo hls wlfe ln her perlod of recovery and/or ln
Lhe nurslng of Lhe newlyborn chlld

Lvery marrled male employee ln Lhe prlvaLe and publlc secLors shall be enLlLled Lo
paLernlLy leave beneflLs of seven (7) days wlLh full pay for Lhe flrsL four dellverles
by hls lawful spouse provlded

O e ls an employee aL Lhe Llme of Lhe dellvery of Lhe chlld
O e ls cohablLlng wlLh hls spouse aL Lhe Llme she glves blrLh or suffers a
mlscarrlage
O e has applled for paLernlLy leave ln accordance wlLh Lhe AppllcaLlon for Leave
and
O ls wlfe has glven blrLh or suffered a mlscarrlage
1he marrled male employee musL apply for paLernlLy leave wlLh hls employer
wlLhln a reasonable perlod of Llme from expecLed daLe of dellvery by Lhe
pregnanL spouse or wlLhln such perlod as may be provlded by company rules and
regulaLlons or by collecLlve bargalnlng agreemenL (C8A) owever prlor
appllcaLlon for leave shall noL be requlred ln case of mlscarrlage
1he leave ls granLed Lo Lhe quallfled employee afLer Lhe dellvery by hls wlfe
wlLhouL pre[udlce Lo an employer allowlng an employee Lo avall of Lhe beneflLs

Labor Standards and Soc|a| Leg|s|at|on lsoqool M ulooelo

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before or durlng dellvery rovlded LhaL Lhe LoLal number of days shall noL
exceed seven (7) for each dellvery

1he employee who avalls paLernlLy leave shall be enLlLled Lo full pay conslsLlng of
baslc salary for Lhe seven (7) days durlng whlch he ls allowed noL Lo reporL for
work provlded LhaL hls pay shall noL be less Lhan Lhe mandaLed mlnlmum wage
lf Lhe male employee ls already en[oylng Lhe paLernlLy leave beneflLs by reason of
conLracL company pollcy or collecLlve bargalnlng agreemenL Lhe followlng rules
shall apply
a lf Lhe exlsLlng paLernlLy leave beneflL ls greaLer Lhan Lhe beneflL provlded by
Lhe law Lhe greaLer beneflL shall prevall
b lf Lhe exlsLlng paLernlLy leave ls less Lhan LhaL provlded by Lhe law such
exlsLlng beneflL shall be ad[usLed Lo Lhe exLenL of Lhe dlfference
owever where a conLracL company pollcy or collecLlve bargalnlng agreemenL
provldes for an emergency or conLlngency leave wlLhouL speclflc provlslons on
paLernlLy leave Lhe paLernlLy leave shall apply ln full
ln Lhe evenL Lhe paLernlLy leave ls noL avalled of sald leave shall noL be
converLlble Lo cash


Non Comp||ance w|th the Law
ln Lhe evenL Lhe employer vlolaLes Lhe law a flne of noL exceedlng LwenLyflve
Lhousand pesos (hp000) or lmprlsonmenL of noL less Lhan LhlrLy (30) days nor
more Lhan slx (6) monLhs shall be Lhe llablllLy of Lhe employer lf Lhe vlolaLlon ls
commlLLed by a corporaLlon LrusL or flrm parLnershlp assoclaLlon or any oLher
enLlLy Lhe penalLy of lmprlsonmenL shall be lmposed on Lhe enLlLy's responslble
offlcers lncludlng buL noL llmlLed Lo Lhe resldenL vlceresldenL Chlef
LxecuLlve Cfflce Ceneral Manager Managlng ulrecLor or arLner dlrecLly
responslble Lherefor




Labor Standards and Soc|a| Leg|s|at|on lsoqool M ulooelo
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ef|n|t|on of 1erms

loyee refers Lo any person who performs servlces for anoLher and
recelves compensaLlon Lherefor provlded an employeeemployer
relaLlonshlp exlsLs beLween Lhem

uellvety refers Lo chlldblrLh or mlscarrlage

J oose refers Lo Lhe lawful wlfe lor Lhls purpose lawful wlfe refers Lo a
woman who ls legally marrled Lo Lhe male employee concerned

4 obobltloq refers Lo Lhe obllgaLlon of Lhe husband and wlfe Lo llve
LogeLher

keporter's thoughts about the |aw
1he law afflrms Lhe lmporLance of famlly and LhaL lL acknowledges LhaL lL ls Lhe
baslc bulldlng block of Lhe socleLy aLernlLy leave ls a mandaLed beneflL and LhaL
employers are compelled Lo comply ConLrary Lo common noLlon aLernlLy Leave
ls an addon beneflL Lo Lhe employee by Lhe employer 1he paymenL of such
leave ls shouldered solely by Lhe employer
WlLh regard Lo Lhe number of days of leave seven days may noL be enough for
Lhe male employee Lo effecLlvely lend supporL Lo hls wlfe lf Lhe purpose of Lhe
law ls for Lhe male employee Lo effecLlvely lend supporL Lo hls wlfe ln perlod of
recovery and/or ln Lhe nurslng of Lhe newlyborn chlld

Moreover Lhe law covers only up Lo Lhe flrsL four (4) dellverles of Lhe lawful wlfe
whlch effecLlvely excludes Lhe succeedlng chlldren lL seems LhaL Lhe lnLenLlon of
Lhe law ls Lo encourage Lhe employee and hls lawful wlfe Lo llmlL Lhelr chlldren up
Lo Lhose covered by Lhe law

1he law also dlscrlmlnaLes beLween Lhe lawfully marrled and Lhose llvlng LogeLher
wlLhouL Lhe beneflL of marrlage 1hls ls l Lhlnk Lo encourage Lhose common law
spouses Lo submlL Lo Lhe common noLlon LhaL marrlage ls a blndlng elemenL ln a
socleLy
More so Lhe law ls sllenL on lLs appllcablllLy Lo Musllms