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77266376.doc
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2009, -. - 52 . ... 3,25. . 77 . . .

... (: . . . 10).
ISBN 978-5-317-03005-6.

-2009.

. .. , 26 30 2009 ,
.
, .
1985-2009 . :
1.
. 2.
. 3. . 4.

-. 5.
. 6.

, : (.43), (.
43-44).
Ostroumov S.A. Chemico-Biotic Interactions and the New in the
Teaching on the Biosphere by V.I.Vernadsky. Moscow, 2009, MAXPress. 52 p. Bibliogr. 77 refs. Editor: Academician G.V.Dobrovolsky (Series:
Science. Education. Innovations. Issue 10). ISBN 978-5-317-03005-6. The
brochure is a material for the lecture. The author was invited to lecture at the
All-Russia Conference with the elements of a scientific school "Ecotoxicology2009". Conference is organized by the Scientific-Educational Center
"Ecobiotechnology" of Tula State University at the Institute of Biochemistry and
Physiology of Microorganisms, RAN, 26 - 30 October 2009, Pushchino. The aim
of this work - to summarize and systematize the publications of the author

... -
. ., 2009

which are related to the topic of the lecture. It contains the results of the
author's works in the period 1985-2009. The results and bibliography are
summarized in the tables: 1. Accumulation of elements in organisms and their
role in biogeochemical fluxes of elements; 2. Effects of xenobiotics and
pollutants on higher plants; 3. The impact of chemicals on algae; 4. The impact
of xenobiotics on molluscs and some plankton organisms which are filter
feeders; 5.Investigations of the role of aquatic plants in relation to
phytotechnologies and phytoremediation; 6. Conceptual developments of
fundamentals of general ecology and the state of the biosphere. Among the
new fundamental concepts introduced by the author: the biosphere as an
ecological-biochemical continuum (p.43), theory of apparatus of the biosphere
(p.43-44).
Key words: ecotoxicology, ecobiotechnology, biochemistry, physiology, microorganisms,
accumulation of elements, biogeochemical fluxes, effects of xenobiotics and pollutants, higher
plants; algae; bivalves, molluscs, plankton, suspension feeders, filter feeders, suspension feeders,
macrophytes, phytotechnology, phytoremediation, synthetic surfactants, detergents, tensides, water
quality, new methods of bioassays, plant seedlings, toxic effects, ecosystems, ecological
chemoregulators, biogeochemistry, innovative fundamental concepts, theory of the apparatus of the
biosphere, pollution control, sustainable use of aquatic resources, environmental safety, monetary
assessment of ecosystems services; sublethal effects, man-made impact, anthropogenic effects
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S.A.OSTROUMOV
CHEMICO-BIOTIC INTERACTIONS AND THE NEW IN
THE TEACHING ON THE BIOSPHERE BY
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2009

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MOSCOW
2009

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. ., 2009

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2009
S.A.Ostroumov. Chemico-Biotic Interactions and the new
in the teaching on the biosphere by V.I.Vernadsky.
Moscow, 2009

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1.

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In this experimental philosophy, propositions are deduced from the
phenomena
Isaac Newton. The Principia: Mathematical Principles of Natural
Phylosophy. 1726.

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([9], . 216)
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, [56-57, 68-69].

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( )
, [33-40, 43-45,
64, 65].
.
7

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. ., 2009

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. ., 2009

1.1.
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. (1870-1953). .

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(, 1965, .297).

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( ,
, ) .

1.
. 1.
.

, ...

-
()
(Lymnaea stagnalis
)

Nuphar lutea

, : C, 69.74%; N,
2.3-2.9%; P, 0.4-0.5%; Si, 1.1-1.7%; Al,
0.054-0.059%.

C, N,
P, Si, Al. // . 2001. . 379.
3. . 426-429. . 12
.
[:
..O.,
..].

... -
. ., 2009

(Unio tumidus 63.21%, U.


pictorum 27.36 %, Crassiana crassa 7.55
%
Anodonta cygnea 1.89 %)

(64.3%), N (2.73%), P
(0.39%),
Si
(1.14%), Al (0.071%).

.
2 /,
1-2 /, Tide-Lemon 75 /:

Lymnaea stagnalis

.].
[Elemental composition (C, N, P, Si, Al) of pellets
formed by mollusks Lymnaea stagnalis feeding on
the leaves of Nuphar lutea and Taraxacum officinale;
amount (wet weight, dry weight) of pellets formed by
L. stagnalis feeding on the leaves of N. lutea and T.
officinale; transfer of matter and chemical elements
(C, N, P, Si, Al) with pellets of freshwater bivalves
(unionids Unio sp., etc.) per unit biomass of mollusks
and per unit area of the ecosystem of the river;
transfer of matter and chemical elements (C, N, P, Si,
Al) with pellets of L. stagnalis per unit biomass of
mollusks and per unit area of the ecosystem of the
pond. Synthetic surfactants D 2 mg/l, SDS 1-2
mg/l, detergent Tide-Lemon 75 mg/l inhibited the
trophic activity of L. stagnalis. Percents of food
assimilability of taxons of invertebrates, from
Rotatoria (48-80) to Diptera (1-31)]. DOI
10.1023/A:1011620817764.

Pellets of some mollusks in the


biogeochemical flows of C, N, P, Si, and
Al. - Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001.
Vol. 379, P. 378-381. Bibliogr. 12.
(Translated from: DAN 2001. Vol. 379.
No. 3. P. 426-429). ISSN 0012-4966. [In
collaboration: S.A.O., Kolesnikov M.P.]

[. , Biogeochemical role of bivalves: transfer


. . ].
of chemical elements with pellets // Ecol.

Studies, Problems, Solutions, 2003, vol.


6. P.16-17 [: Kolesnikov
M.P., S.A.O.].
[

10

(C, N, P, Si, Al)


:

//
. C. 16. .
..O.

... -
. ., 2009

(, )
(Lymnaea stagnalis
)
. ,
L. stagnalis
4-7 (
) 1
72 .
Nuphar
lutea

, :
C, 69,74%; N, 2,3-2,9%; P, 0,4-0,5%; Si,
1,1-1,7%;
Al,
0,054-0,059%.

2
/

() L. stagnalis
27,9-70,9%.
1
L. stagnalis 41,7% (
72 ).

(Unio tumidus
63,21%, U. pictorum 27,36 %, Crassiana
crassa 7,55 % Anodonta cygnea 1,89
%) :
(64,3%), N (2,73%), P
(0,39%),
Si
(1,14%), Al (0,071%).

.


].

2003 1. .15-24. .
. . . 59
.
[:
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,


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; 2)
;
3)
;
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].

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. Ecol.
Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2006,
v. 11, . 77-79, . .
5 .
[: ..O.,
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11

... -
. ., 2009

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,

].

.
Ecol.
Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2006,
v. 11, . 79-83, . .
6 .
[: ..O.,
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..,
.., ..,
..];

Role of molluscs in water self-purification Studying the role of molluscs in


and the interactions between molluscs and water self-purification and the
elements, including metals
interactions between molluscs
and elements, including metals,
in aquatic environments. ESHS,
2007, vol. 12, p. 29-32. Bibliogr. 9
refs. [In collaboration: S.A.O.,
Zubcov E.I., Toderash I.K., Biletchi L.I.,
Bogonina Z.S., Breahn A., Klyushnikov
V.Yu., Kolesnikov M.P., Krupina M.V.,
Makarov A.S., Munjiu O.V., Railean N.,
Subernetkii I.V.]

polymorpha

Dreissena

Dreissena
polymorpha

.
ESHS, 2007, vol. 12, p. 51-53.
[:

..,
..,
..,
..O.,

..,
..]

[ ..O.
Unio
pictorum

3,5
.

13 ].

. ESHS,
2007, vol. 12, p.78-81, .
. 2 .

,
,

12

//
.
. 2007, 2, . 102-114,
ISSN 1857-064X. [:
.., ...,

... -
. ., 2009

.., ..,
.., . ., ..,

..,

..,
.., ..].



Unio pictorum


181.2 /,
160.0 /.

(
) .

. 5, 2007, .7980. 2 . . 6 .
[:
C...,
.., .. ,
..].

//
:
. 2007.
3. c. 68-77. . 3. .
41 . . . .
. . 95. [C: ...,
..] [=Studying the
interaction between cadmium
and
aquatic
molluscs
in
connection
with
ecological
monitoring. Water: Technology
and Ecology. 2007. No. 3. p. 6877. Tables, Bibliogr. 41 refs. (in
Rus.) Abstracts in Eng. and Rus.
p. 95].

//
: .
2007. 4, . 54-68. ISSN 19938764
[:
C...,
..,
..,
.., ..].

Unio

13

... -
. ., 2009

pictorum

Unio
pictorum. ESHS, 2007, vol. 12,
p. 101-102.
. . 5
. [:
.., ...].

Unio pictorum

.., ..,
..

:

Unio
pictorum

//

/ .
.., ..,
.. 2008. .: ., .
26-30. . 3 .

..,
.., ..,
..

Unio
pictorum,
Anodonta, Viviparus viviparus //

/ .
.., ..,
.. 2008. .: , .
31-34.

.., ..
: ,
,

//

/
. ..,
.., .. 2008. .:
, . 35-40. .
40 .

(
)

.., ..,
..
(

)
//

14

... -
. ., 2009

. ..,
.., .. 2008. .:
, . 42-43. .3
.
.., ..,
Unio ..

Unio

//

/ .
.., ..,
.. 2008. .: , .
47-53. . 3 .
Cd, Ni, Cr, Zn, Mn,
Pb Mytilus
galloprovincialis (Metals in the sheels of
Mytilus galloprovincialis)

.., ..,

..

Cd, Ni, Cr,


Zn,
Mn,
Pb

Mytilus
galloprovincialis (Metals in the
sheels of Mytilus galloprovincialis)
//

/ .
.., ..,
.. 2008. .: , .
54-56. . 4 .

.., ..,

.., ..,

..

)
//

/ .
.., ..,
.. 2008. .: , .
63-64.
.., ..,

.., ..,
.., ..

15

... -
. ., 2009

//

. / .
.., ..,
.. 2008. .: , .
64-66.
.., ..,
: .., ..,
Dreissena polymorpha
..,
..

Dreissena
polymorpha

//
/
. ..,
.., .. 2008. .:
, . 67-68.
.., ..,
Viviparus viviparus: ..
-

Viviparus viviparus:

//
Ecological
Studies,
Hazards,
Solutions. 2009. v. 13, p. 113117. [= Ostroumov S.A., Kolesov
G.M., Sapozhnikov D.Yu. The
content of chemical elements in
the shells of molluscs Viviparus
viviparus: a study by the method
of neutron activation analysis //
Ecological
Studies,
Hazards,
Solutions. 2009. v. 13, p. 113117].

.
Cu, Zn,
Cd, Pb

16

.., ..,
..,
..,
..,
..

... -
. ., 2009

.

Ceratophyllum demersum.

(. . -.
. 16. . 2007. 4.
.3942). Changes in the concentrations
of heavy metals in the water of
experimental systems were studied. Using
the method of inversion voltamperometry,
the concentrations of the heavy metals Cu,
Zn, Cd, Pb were measured in the water of
the experimental microcosms. Aquatic
macrophytes Ceratophyllum demersum
were incubated in the microcosms. The
measured concentrations of all four heavy
metals decreased in the microcosms with
the macrophytes much faster than in the
control microcosms without any aquatic
plants. The new results complement the
previous data on the phytoremediation
potential of aquatic plants (Vestnik
Moskovskogo Universiteta. Series 16.
Biology. 2007. 4. .39 42)].

. //
. 2009. No. 2.
. 58 67. ., . 17
.
[=Ostroumov
S.A.,
Shestakova T.V.,
Kotelevtsev
S.V., Solomonova E.A., Golovnya
E.G., Poklonov V.A. Presence of
the macrophytes in aquatic
system accelerated a decrease in
concentrations of copper, lead
and other heavy metals in water.
// Water Sector of Russia:
Problems,
Technologies,
Management
(=Vodnoe
Khozyaistvo Rossii). 2009. No. 2.
p. 58 - 67. Bibliogr. 17 refs.


Cystoseira crinita

: Fe
> Zn > Mn > Cr > As > Cu > Pb > Cd >
Co.

(, 2004, .396. .136141; , No. 6, 2005, . 452459)].

.., ..

(As, , Fe, Mn, Zn,
Cu, Cd, Cr)

:

() //
. 2009. 9, .42-45.

17

... -
. ., 2009

1.2.
.

Cause and Effect, the Chancellors of God.


Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1892). Self-Reliance,
1841


.
.
1.
.
2. .
3.
( , ,
).

- ()
.
( )
.
,
.

[51], [33, 66].

.
.


,
.
. 2.
.

18

... -
. ., 2009

[
:

Scenedesmus
quadricauda,

1000 /

Scenedesmus
quadricauda. 10
/ 100 /

S. quadricauda.
S. quadricauda
1].

//
. .
. . 7. 1986. .84-86. 2
. . . .
. 8 . [:
.., ..O.]

Fagopyrum esculentum.

Fagopyrum
esculentum
//

.
.:
, 1986. . 9. .8797. 7 . [:
.., ., ..O.].

[ :
SDS
1
/
(=1
/)

Fagopyrum esculentum

74
.
0,1 /

24-37%]

// .
. .
. 1987. 12. . 81 - 84. .
. . . . .
13 . [: .,
..O., ..].

[ :

Sinapis alba - 50
40-50 0.29-0.35 /; 5064 , 0.21-0.29 /; 64-74 , 0.190.29
/.

Scenedesmus quadricauda - 50
0-50
0.05
/;

50-74 50

,
// .
1. 1988. .165-168. . .
13 . [:

.., ., ..,
..O.]

19

... -
. ., 2009

0.05 0.1 /].


[
:


Sinapis alba L.
. 50
0,9 / 40
0,33
/

74

(,
40%

.
50

1,5

2
/


48-72
].

()

//
. . 1988. . 24,
4. .54-55. . . .
. 6 . [:
.., ., ..O.]

:
-

100

Camelina
sativa Triticum aestivum

Camelina
sativa Triticum aestivum

- //
.
. 1988. .133-134. [:
..O., ..].



//
.
. 1988. .134-136. [:
..O., .., ..,
..].

:

( )


-
//

. 2.
,
1988.
.107.
[: ..O., ..].

Pseudomonas mendocina;

//
-, 16. . 1990.
3. . 74-78. ., 5 .
..O.

20

... -
. ., 2009

Fagopyrum esculentum,
Lepidium sativum, Sinapis alba. .

.
.:
Assessment
of
biotechnological destruction of anionic
surface-active
substances
using
biotests
//
Moscow
University
Biological Sciences Bulletin. Vol.45.
No.3. P.72-76. [In collaboration:
S.A.O., Samoilenko L.S.]
(Publisher:
Allerton Press, Inc.; ISSN 0096-3925).

. . . 8 .
[: ..O., ..
[= Ostroumov, S. A. and L. S.
Samoilenko (1990). Assessment of the
efficiency
of
biotechnological
destruction of anionic surfactant using
biological
tests.
Vestnik
Moskovskogo Universiteta Seriya XVI
Biologiya (3): 74-78].

[.

(100,
Camelina sativa)

,
"

",

,
,
].

..O.

[An analysis is presented of several


problems
in
the
bioassay
of
xenobiotics
and
pollutants.
The
author's and co-workers' data on biotesting of surface-active substances
and pesticides are reviewed, and new
methods or modifications of methods
that
use
plant
seedlings
are
discussed. A new statistical approach
to the comparison of data on the
assessment of biological activities of
xenobiotics
and
pollutants
is
proposed].

Problems of assessment of biological


activity of xenobiotics. Moscow
University Biological Sciences Bulletin,
v. 45 (2): p.
26-32; 1990. Tab.
Bibliogr. 17 refs. New York, N.Y.:
Allerton Press Inc. (ISSN 0096-3925;
NAL Call. No.: QH301.M6). Translated
from:
Vestnik
Moskovskogo
Universiteta.
Biologiia, v. 45 (2),
1990, p. 27-34. (QH301.M58). On the
list of Bibliographies in the Quick
Bibliography series of the National
Agricultural Library (NAL, U.S.A.);
http://www.nal.usda.gov/wqic/Bibliogr
aphies/qb9405.html

//

-,

16.
. 1990. 2. .27-34. .
. . . 17
.

[ Cucumis
sativus
Cucumis
sativus,
Fagopyrum //
21

... -
. ., 2009

esculentum, ].

. ,
. 1990. .124-129,
. . 11 . [:
.., ..O., ..].

: 0.001 % (=10
/) (
)

Dunaliella
asymmetrica

.
0.005 % (= 50 /)

D. asymmetrica . 0.001%

Fagopyrum esculentum.

Dunaliella
asymmetrica Fagopyrum
esculentum // . .
1990. . 26. 2. .96-98. 2 .
. . . 9
. [: ..O.,
.., .., ..].

[ :
4 /
Nostoc muscorum,
Bracteacoccus
minor. 50 /

-
.
50 250 /
F.
esculentum]. . .: Effect of
environmental
pollution
with
a
cationic surface-active substance on
algae and Fagopyrum esculentum
sprouts. Soviet Journal of Ecology.
1990. Vol. 21. No.2. p. 79-81. [in
collaboration:
S.A.O.,
Tretyakova
A.N.].



Fagopyrum esculentum //
. 1990. 2. .43-46. 3
. . . .
. 10 . [:
..O., ..].
[=
Ostroumov, S. A. and A. N. Tretyakova
(1990).
Effect
of
environmental
pollution with a cationic surfactant on
some
algae
and
Fagopyrum
esculentum
Moench.
sprouts
//
Ekologiya (2): 43-46].


-
Oryza sativa].

[: ..O., ..].


//
. 1991. 4. . 83-85, .
. 8 .

[

Hirudo medicinalis (
-

..O.



// .

22

... -
. ., 2009

-),

1991. 2. . 112-116.

Fagopyrum
esculentum . 17 .
(

)].

].

..O.

[:
..O.,

..].

//
, . . 1991.
4. . 571 - 575, .
. . . . 15 .
[ = Ostroumov, S. A. and V. N. Maksimov
(1991). A bioassay of surfactant solutions
based on the disturbance of seedling adhesion to
the substrate and the development of root hairs
by the rhizodermis. // Izvestiya Akademii Nauk
SSSR Seriya Biologicheskaya (4): 571-575].

. .: Bioassay of surfactants based


on the disruption of seedling attachment to the
substrate and rhizoderm root hair formation.Biology Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of
the USSR (USA; ISSN 0098-2164) 1992, v.
18(4) p. 383-386; Bibl.15 refs. Co-Authors:
Ostroumov, S.A.; Maksimov, V.N.;


, //
. 1991. . 13. 3.
. 270-283. 9 . .
. . . 83 .


""
Fagopyrum esculentum Oryza sativa.
"" 0.25 /

F.
esculentum
,

O.
sativa
22-75%].

[: ..O., ..].
,
-
// . ,
. . 1992. 3. C.
452-458. 8 . . .
. 33 .

:
.

[: ..O., ..].

-
()

- //
. . 1992. . 28.
3. C.72-75.

()

. 50 3.3 /

[: ..O., ..].

Fagopyrum
esculentum Moench
//
. 1993. 6. C.50-55. 4
23

... -
. ., 2009

90 , . . . .
- 62 21 .
.
[ Lepidium ..O.

-100
//
. 1999.
sativum L].
4. C.41.
[

()
(Elodea canadensis
Mchk., Potamogeton crispus L., Najas
guadelupensis
L.).

.

: ...Ecol. Stud. Haz. Sol.
2006, .11, c. 72-74. E.
canadensis

4 / (8
0.5 /,
18 .)
83 / (10
8.3 / 19 .).

N.
guadelupensis

120 /
( 168
)].


. . 2006.
3. . 45-49. . 2,
. . .77. . 12
.
[:
..O.,
..]

[
Elodea
canadensis
Mchk.
(
- Hydrocharitaceae),
Potamogeton crispus L. (

Potamogetonaceae),
Najas guadelupensis L. (c
- Najadaceae), Fontinalis
antipyretica
L.
(

Fontinalaceae).

,
-


.
. 2006. 6. .32-39, .
. 11 . [:
.., ..O.].

24

... -
. ., 2009

Salvinia natans L., Salvinia auriculata


Aubl. ( c Salviniaceae)].
[

()
Elodea
canadensis
Mchk.,
Potamogeton
crispus
L.,
Najas
guadelupensis
L.,
Fontinalis
antipyretica L., Salvinia natans L.,
Salvinia auriculata Aubl.
N.
guadelupensis

195
145 1 ].

.
2006. 6. . 63-68. . 5. .
22 . . .

[:
..O.,
..].

Elodea
canadensis,
Potamogeton crispus, Najas guadelupensis
( 120 / 168 ) .
.

].

..O.



(, ,
)

.
:
. 2007. 2.
. 49-69. . 53 .

//
,
(2007), 5 (), C.20-22 [.:
.. ., .. ]
, 0,06 /

-,

)

4 .
In the aquatic medium containing the
laundry detergent Aist-Universal 0.06
mg / ml, the new parameter, the
average arbitrary length of seedlings
decreased by the factor of 4].


-:

Fagopyrum
esculentum.
. 2007, 5 . 42-43. . 5
., . [: ...,
..]
[Synthetic detergents Aist-Universal:
effects on seed germination and
seedling elongation of buckwheat
25

... -
. ., 2009

Fagopyrum
esculentum.

Toksikologicheskiy Vestnik. 2007,


5, p. 42-43. [coauthors: S.A.O.,
Solomonova E.A.]
[

()

Elodea canadensis Mchk.,


Potamogeton
crispus
L.,
Najas
guadelupensis
L.,
Fontinalis
antipyretica L., Salvinia natans L.,
Salvinia auriculata Aubl.

.


.

].

//

. 2008. 4. . 21
26. . . .: . 26.
.: . .,
. . ISSN 0869-7922



Potamogeton
crispus

.. , .. .


Potamogeton crispus L.
//

. 2008.
3-4. .14-18. 3 . . 23
.

. ., . .

Najas
guadelupensis
L.
//

()

. . 2009.
2. .32-35. . 10 .

26

... -
. ., 2009

(,
) .
, 1 3
: 0,5,
0,8, 1,7, 8,3, 16,7, 50,0 100,0 .

,
.
(
) 200 (
0,5 100 /),
53 (
372 7 ).

.

Cu,
Zn,
Cd,
Pb

Ceratophyllum
demersum.

,

.

(. . -. . 16.
. 2007. 4. .39
42). Changes in the concentrations of

.., ..,
.., ..,
..,
..

. //
. 2009. No.
2. . 58 67. ., . 17
. [Ostroumov S.A., Shestakova
T.V., Kotelevtsev S.V., Solomonova
E.A.,
Golovnya E.G., Poklonov V.A.
Presence of the macrophytes in
aquatic
system
accelerated
a
decrease in concentrations of copper,
lead and other heavy metals in water.
// Water Sector of Russia: Problems,
Technologies, Management (=Vodnoe
Khozyaistvo Rossii). 2009. No. 2. p. 58
- 67. Bibliogr. 17 refs.

27

... -
. ., 2009

heavy metals in the water of


experimental systems were studied.
Using the method of inversion
voltamperometry, the concentrations
of the heavy metals Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb
were measured in the water of the
experimental microcosms. Aquatic
macrophytes
Ceratophyllum
demersum
were incubated in the
microcosms.
The
measured
concentrations of all four heavy
metals decreased in the microcosms
with the macrophytes much faster
than in the control microcosms
without any aquatic plants. The new
results complement the previous data
on the phytoremediation potential of
aquatic plants (Vestnik Moskovskogo
Universiteta. Series 16. Biology.
2007. 4. .39 42)].

().

(Pb, Cd, Zn, Cu)

() Elodea
canadensis. Pb, Cd,
Zn, Cu

Elodea
canadensis.
,

.

(Pb, Cd, Zn,


Cu)
Elodea
canadensis

.., ..,
.., ..,
.., ..

:

(Pb,
Cd, Zn, Cu)

.
//
2009, 18(2):
.111-119. . 39 ..
[=Ostroumov S.A., Kotelevtsev S.V.,
Shestakova T.V.,
Kolotilova N.N.,
Poklonov V.A., Solomonova E.A. The
new on phytoremediation potential:
acceleration in the decrease in the
concentrations of heavy metals (Pb,
Cd, Zn, Cu) in water in the presence of
elodea]. [http://thesa-store.com/eco/].

28

... -
. ., 2009


.., ..

Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb

Ceratophyllum demersum:
// . 2009.
.428. 2. . 282-285.


.
. 3.
().
.
[
1000 /

)
Scenedesmus quadricauda.
10 /
100
/

S.
quadricauda.
S. quadricauda
1].

// . .
. . 7. 1986. .84-86. 2 .
. . . . 8 .
[: .., ..O.]


67 /

Chlorella
vulgaris

Monochrysis lutheri
20-23


// .
1988. 6. .57-58. [: ..O.,
..].

0.001 %
(=10 /)
(
)

Dunaliella
asymmetrica

Fagopyrum
esculentum
//
. . 1990. . 26. 2. .9629

... -
. ., 2009

98. 2 . . . . 9

Dunaliella . [: ..O., ..,


asymmetrica

.., ..].

.
0.005 % (= 50 /)


D. asymmetrica .
0.001%

Fagopyrum
esculentum.
[ ,
4
/

Nostoc
muscorum,

Bracteacoccus
minor. 50 /

.
50 250 /

F.
esculentum].


Fagopyrum
esculentum // . 1990. 2. .43-46. 3
. . . . . 10
. [: ..O., ..].
[= Ostroumov, S. A. and A. N. Tret'yakova
(1990). Effect of environmental pollution with a
cationic surfactant on some algae and
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench. sprouts.
Ekologiya (2): 43-46]. . .: Effect of
environmental pollution with a cationic surfaceactive substance on algae and Fagopyrum
esculentum sprouts. Soviet Journal of Ecology.
1990. Vol. 21. No.2. p. 79-81. [in collaboration:
S.A.O., Tretyakova A.N.].

[ ,
CMC
-
0.5
/

Euglena
gracilis;

0.01 0.1
/
].


- //
. 1990. . 26. 6. .78-79. .
. . . 9 .
[: ., ..O.].

.

-100 0.1 1 /

Thalassiosira pseudonana (Hustelt)


Hasle et Heimdal



Thalassiosira pseudonana //
. . 1996.
1. C.91-95. 3 . . .
. . 29 . [:
., - ., ..O.]. . .

30

... -
. ., 2009

, .


10%

100 0.1 /
40%

1 /.

100


100
.

-100

Synechococcus

-.
100 5 /

Synechococcus WH 7805


Synechococcus WH 8103.
100
0.5
/

.

//
. 1994. . 63. . 2. C.259263. . . . . 21
. [: . (Waterbury
J.B.), ..O.].

Euglena
gracilis
Klebs.

"": - 20300 /

Euglena
gracilis
Klebs. "-"

()

-
//
. 1998. 5. C.2930. . . 3 . [:
..O., ., ., .,
.].
31

... -
. ., 2009

-
20
/

, - 100300 / .
[

Synechococcus
sp.
PCC
6803. -
0,2 /
33%, - 0,4 /

50%].

(,

,
-Cetrimide) //
. 1998. 5. C.30. . . 1
. [: ..O., ..].

Spirulina platensis. 0.5


2.5 /
].

() // . 1999.
1. C.35-36. [: ..O.,
.., ..].

. 0.50.6
/

Scenedesmus quadricauda.
0.6 /

Synechocystis
sp.;

33.7%
66.7%
0.5%
4.5%, ].

Cyanophyta Chlorophyta // .
1999. .9. 2. C.105-106. [: ..O.,
.., ..,
.., ..].

//
, 1999. 3. - .
27-29. [: .., ..O.].


32

Tide-

... -
. ., 2009

Lemon // . 2000.
: 2. .31-32 [: ..O.,

..].
,

Synechocystis
sp.
PCC
6803].
-

//

-2. .: .
2000. C.60. [: ...,
..].

,
.
,
Hyphomonas
MHS-3
(

//
. 1999. 4. C.40-41. [:
., ..O.]). ,
: 5 /
30% 19 , 20%.
96 50 ( )
10 /. ,
,
-100. 100 50 /
Hyphomonas MHS-3 50%,
-
5-10 / 20% ( .,
..O. -100 // . 1998.
4. C.42-43).

Hirudo medicinalis. ,
,
( -
// . 1991.
2. . 112-116). .

33

... -
. ., 2009


( , )
.
.
. 4.
-

:
(, SDS 0.5-4 /
30-60 ),
100
(Triton X-100 4 /
60-120
)


Isochrysis galbana
Mytilus edulis. SDS 1, 2, 4
/ 30-90
I.
galbana .
: (SDS) 1
/ (3595 , 16) M.edulis
Isochrysis galbana .
,

95
,


.
[
0.5
/


Brachionus
angularis
Gosse


Chlorella sp.].
[

Lymnaea stagnalis].
.: 2 /
Lymnaea stagnalis
65.5 % (
).

.
: 100 0.5
/ (90
, 16) M.edulis
Isochrysis galbana .
,
,

..O.,

.,

-
// . 1998. . 362. 4.
C.574-576.

Biological
filtering
and
ecological
machinery
for
self-purification
and
bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems:
towards a holistic view // Rivista di
Biologia / Biology Forum. 1998. V. 91(2).
P.221-232

//
. 1998.
5. C.30-32. . . 4 .
[: .., ..O.].
..O.

() //
. 2000. 1. .42-43 . 3
.
Anthropogenic effects on the biota:
towards a new system of principles and
criteria for analysis of ecological
hazards // Rivista di Biologia / Biology
Forum. 2003. vol. 96, no.1, p. 159-170.

34

... -
. ., 2009

100.
: 1
/ M.
lutheri

M.
galloprovincialis.
TX100
5 / U. tumidus, 1-2 /
U. pictorum, 0.5 /
Brachionus angularis, B. plicatilis.
: 1
/

Mytilus
galloprovincialis Lam.,

Monochrysis lutheri.



M. galloprovincialis (
27.8 ). 20 / 19-54 .; 7 /
9-49 .

Fairy 2 /

M.
galloprovincialis

( 2-23 , 22.5 ).

:

IXI 20 / M.
galloprovincialis, "-" 30
/

Crassostrea
gigas.

(. 3).


Lanza-Automat 20 /

Crassostrea
gigas
( 4-35 , 23.4C).
"
".
:
" "
.

"
"
0.5
/
(
)

..O.

// ,
2000, . 375, 6. .847-849

..O.
//
. 2000.
3. .34-35.

..O.
- // . .
2001. 3. .40-41.

..O.

//
. 2001. .381 5. C.709-712
..O.
:
// . 2002. .382. 1.
C.138-141

..O.

// .
2002. . 385. 4. C. 571-573.
..O. " "

Mytilus galloprovincialis.
. 2006.
3. .42-43.

35

... -
. ., 2009

M.galloprovincialis

Monochrysis
lutheri .


(700 )
12

Mytilus
galloprovincialis
-
25 50 /, Tide-Lemon 33 43
/;

, ..

].
[

Unio tumidus Philipsson


1788].

, , ,

, Cd, Cu, Pb, Hg, Co,

().


Na3VO4 12 H2O
.
[ ,

Mytilus
galloprovincialis
(

S.A.O., J. Widdows.
Inhibition of mussel
suspension
feeding by surfactants of three
classes. Hydrobiologia. 2006. V. 556, No. 1.
P.381 386.

"-" "TideLemon"
//

. 2000. 4. .35-37.
..O.


OMO // .
2000. 5. .43-44. [:
..O., ..].
..O.

-

. .
. . 2006. 6. . 699706, . . . .
. 29 .

Mytilus galloprovincialis


.
. Ecol. Studies,
Hazards, Solutions, 2006, v. 11, .
36

... -
. ., 2009

) 70
1.25
1 (.
) 0.28
1 .

,
,
(HgSO4 10
/),

].
[ SnCl2 2H2O
5 15 /

] SnCl2
2H2O, 130 /

.
SnCl2 2H2O

];

83-85, .
. 1 .
[: ..., ..]

Sn

Mytilus
galloprovincialis.
Ecol. Studies,
Hazards, Solutions, 2006, v. 11, .
113 - 117.
: 1.

Sn:

. 2.

Sn:

.

.
Cd ..O. :
. (0.5
//

/) M. . 2004. 6. . 36-37
galloprovincialis
Saccharomyces
cerevisiae
-
(OD 550
; 10 );

.
[

0.5
/

Brachionus // ()
calyciflorus

2003. . 390. 3. .423-426, .

Nannochloropsis . 15 . [:
limnetica
(Eustigmatophyceae
1.5-6 ..O.,

.,

.].
)].

.. .
. .:
-1
[surfactant TDTMA 0.5 mg l , Effect of a cationic amphiphilic
turbidostat; the culture of rotifers compound on rotifers. - Doklady
Brachionus calyciflorus feeding on Biological Sciences. 2003. Vol. 390.
37

... -
. ., 2009

algae Nannochloropsis limnetica].

2 /

Lymnaea
stagnalis 65.5 % (

).
[

Crassostrea
gigas;


Saccharomyces cerevisiae

K2TiF6
(89.3 /, 21,
Saccharomyces
cerevisiae,

660
)
. (
)
21 730%.

()

Daphnia magna.

,

()


- Daphnia
magna. 3

(0.1 10
/)

252-255, tab. Bibliogr. 15 refs; in


Eng.;
ISSN
0012-4966.
DOI
10.1023/A:1024417903077.
[In
collaboration: S.A.O., Walz N., Rusche
R.].
..O.

()
//
. 2000.

1.
.42-43
[
Lymnaea
stagnalis]. . 3 .

Lanza-Automat () // .
.
2002.
4.
C.48-49.
[: ..O., ..,
.., ..,

..,

..,

..,

..,
..].].
..O.

[
Mytilus galloprovincialis]. . 2007,
3, . 39-40. . 6 ., .

. . , ..

Daphnia magna //
. 2008, .17, 4, . 215-217.
. ., ..

:

// .
2009, . 425, No. 2, . 271272. .
. 15 .

38

... -
. ., 2009

Scenedesmus quadricauda (Turp.)


Breb. ,

(
).

.
,
()


Daphnia magna.
It was discovered that sodium dodecyl
sulphate (SDS) had an inhibitory effect on
the filtration activity of the common
species of filter- feeders Daphnia magna].

. .,
..

//
. 2009.
1. .46-48. . 14 .
[Vorozhun I.M., Ostroumov S.A. Sodium
dodecyl sulphate: impact on Daphnia / /
Toksikologicheskiy Vestnik. 2009. No. 1. p.
46-48. Bibliogr. 14 refs.]

..


//
/ . ..,
.., .. 2008.
.: , . 44-46 . 2
.

Lanza-Automat () // .
.
2002.
4.
C.48-49.
[: ..O., ..,
.., ..,

..,

..,

..,

..,
..].
..O.
-

// .
2009. 3. .92-94. . 3.
. 20 refs. [= Effects of the
synthetic surfactants and chemical
mixtures on marine mollusks used in
aquaculture]. Fisheries Management.
2009. No. 3. p.92-94. Tabl. 3.

Crassostrea
gigas;


Saccharomyces cerevisiae].

[Effects of TDTMA and SDS on


Crassostrea gigas; also, effects of
detergents on C. gigas and M.
galloprovicialis].

39

... -
. ., 2009

1.3. .


(1907-1989)
. 1962.

..
:

, [ 8 ].

, ,
(, [1, 6, 34-41]).

,
.
.
. 5.
()



. [.
].


//
. .: -. 1999.
C.57
[: ..,
...].

..

-
. .: -. 2001. X.
334 . (. . 132).


(Pistia stratiotes)
() :
0.03 /
; 0.06
/ ,

..O.

()

40

... -
. ., 2009


].

,
,


.
Ecol. Studies,
Hazards, Solutions, 2006, v. 11, . 7274. . 5 .

.
Ecol. Studies, Hazards, Solutions,
2006,
v. 11, c. 94-99, 6 .
. 9 .
[:
.. ...].

()

(Elodea canadensis Mchk.,


Potamogeton crispus L., Najas
guadelupensis
L.).

: ...Ecol.
Stud. Haz. Sol. 2006, .11, c. 72-74.

E.
canadensis

4 / (8 0.5 /,

18 .)
83 / (10
8.3 / 19 .). N.
guadelupensis

120
/
( 168
)].

. . 2006. 3.
. 45-49. . 2, .
. .77. . 12 .
[: ..O., ..]

Elodea canadensis Mchk.


(

- .

41

... -
. ., 2009

Hydrocharitaceae),
Potamogeton . 2006. 6. .32-39, .
crispus L. ( - . 11 .
[:
Potamogetonaceae),
Najas .., ..O.].
guadelupensis
L.
(c
- Najadaceae), Fontinalis
antipyretica
L.
(

Fontinalaceae).

,
Salvinia
natans
L.,
Salvinia
auriculata
Aubl.
(
c - Salviniaceae)].
[

()
Elodea
canadensis
Mchk.,
Potamogeton crispus L., Najas
guadelupensis
L.,
Fontinalis
antipyretica L., Salvinia natans L.,
Salvinia auriculata Aubl.
N.
guadelupensis

195
145 1 ].

.
2006. 6. . 63-68. . 5. .
22 . . .

[:
..O.,
..].


- .

,

()

Elodea
canadensis,
Potamogeton crispus, Najas guadelupensis

..O.

//

. 2007. . 1 (3). . 83-97.


. 54 . 6 .
.
.
[Phytoremediation
and
zooremediation of aquatic ecosystems
in connection with the theory of biotic
self-purification of water].

.
,


Elodea canadensis, Potamogeton crispus,
Najas guadelupensis ( 120 /
168 ) . .

- ].

..O.

(,
,
)

.
:
. 2007. 2.
. 49-69. . 53 .

42

... -
. ., 2009

:

//
, (2007), 5, C.20-22
[.: .. ., .. ]

()

Elodea canadensis Mchk.,


Potamogeton crispus L., Najas
guadelupensis
L.,
Fontinalis
antipyretica L., Salvinia natans L.,
Salvinia auriculata Aubl.


].

//

. 2008. 4. . 21
26. . . .: . 26. .:
. ., . .
ISSN 0869-7922

..

-

.

(,
,
)
//

/ .

..,

..,
.. 2008. .: , .
43

... -
. ., 2009

3-16. . 59 .
(- .. ,
.. .
) -
Potamogeton crispus L. Potamogeton
crispus L. //

. 2008. 3-4. .14-18. 3


. . 23 .


..,

..




:
. 2008 3 .
57-60.
[

(
),

OST-1

..,
..
.

//

, 2008, 3 (7) , .75-77.


[:
..,
..]


..,

..,


..

//
. 2009. 18(1):
4145. [= Effects of macrophytes on
the surface tension of water solution of
sodium dodecyl sulphate: searching
phytotechnologies
for
water
treatment // Ecological Chemistry.
2009, 18(1): 4145. Bibliogr. 11 refs.;
coauthors: Ostroumov S.A., Lasareva E.
V., Solomonova E.A.].
Accelerated decrease in surfactant
concentration in the water of a
microcosm in the presence aquatic
plants;

Accelerated decrease in surfactant


concentration in the water of a
microcosm in the presence of plants:
innovations for phytotechnology. Doklady Biological Sciences, 2009, Vol.
44

... -
. ., 2009

.
It was discovered that plant biomass
help towards restoration the water
quality in the system which was
polluted with a synthetic surfactant.
Addition of sodium dodecylsulphate
(SDS) to water rapidly changed the
surface tension of water in the
microcosm.
The
measurements
demonstrated that the surface
tension of water in the microcosm
with the macrophyte OST1 restored
to the level which was close to that
of pure water within less than three
days. As soon as after 46-h
incubation of the system containing
the plant phytomass, the surface
tension increased significantly and
reached that of distilled water. In the
variants with water without plant
phytomass,
restoration
of
the
normal surface tension was much
longer (about 17 days). The results
demonstrated
an
accelerated
restoration of the normal surface
tension which was typical of pure
water in those systems that
contained SDS in the presence of the
phytomass of the
macrophyte
OST1. This is consistent with the
conclusion that the macrophyte
accelerates the disappearance of
the surfactant from water.

425, pp. 180182.


[ISSN 0012-4966;
Presented
by
Academician
G.V.
Dobrovolsky;
DOI:
10.1134/S0012496609020276; original
Russian text: E.V. Lazareva, S.A.
Ostroumov, 2009, published in Doklady
Akademii Nauk, 2009, Vol. 425, No. 6,
pp. 843845].

(SDS)

(
OST-1)

.
,


-

:

// (=Doklady
Akademii Nauk), 2009, . 425, 6, .
843845.
. . 15 .
[:
..,
..]

45

... -
. ., 2009

,
.

.

Cu,
Zn,
Cd,
Pb

Ceratophyllum
demersum.

,

.

(. . -. . 16.
. 2007. 4. .39
42). Changes in the concentrations
of heavy metals in the water of
experimental systems were studied.
Using the method of inversion
voltamperometry,
the
concentrations of the heavy metals
Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb were measured in the
water
of
the
experimental
microcosms. Aquatic macrophytes
Ceratophyllum demersum
were
incubated in the microcosms. The

.., ..,
.., ..,

..,

..

,
. //
. 2009. No. 2. . 58
67.
.,
.
17
.
[=Ostroumov S.A., Shestakova T.V.,
Kotelevtsev S.V., Solomonova E.A.,
Golovnya E.G., Poklonov V.A. Presence
of the macrophytes in aquatic system
accelerated
a
decrease
in
concentrations of copper, lead and
other heavy metals in water. // Water
Sector
of
Russia:
Problems,
Technologies, Management (=Vodnoe
Khozyaistvo Rossii). 2009. No. 2. p. 58 67. Bibliogr. 17 refs.

46

... -
. ., 2009

measured concentrations of all four


heavy metals decreased in the
microcosms with the macrophytes
much faster than in the control
microcosms without any aquatic
plants. The new results complement
the
previous
data
on
the
phytoremediation
potential
of
aquatic
plants
(Vestnik
Moskovskogo Universiteta. Series
16. Biology. 2007. 4.
.39 42)].
Phytoremediation of perchlorate,
surfactants, heavy metals (Pb, Cu,
Zn,
Cd)].

, ,
(Pb, Cu, Zn, Cd).


.
..,
..,
..,
..,
.,
..,
.. // Ecol. Stud., Haz.,
Solutions, 2009,
v.13.
p.101-103.
. 14 . [ = Ostroumov
S.A., Kapitsa A.P., Kotelevtsev S.V.,
Golovnya
E.G.,
Gorshkova
O.M.,
Lasareva E.V.,
McCutcheon S.,
Shestakova T.V., Solomonova E.A.
Innovative
phytotechnology:
contributing to the best available
technologies of complex control and
prevention of water pollution. - Ecol.
Stud., Haz., Solutions, 2009,
v.13.
p.101-103. Bibliogr. 14 refs.



(Pb, Cd, Zn, Cu)

() Elodea
canadensis.

(Pb, Cd, Zn, Cu)

Elodea
canadensis.

.., ..,
..,
..,
.., ..

:
(Pb,
Cd, Zn, Cu)
. // 2009,
18(2): .111-119. . 39 .
[=Ostroumov S.A., Kotelevtsev S.V.,
Shestakova T.V.,
Kolotilova N.N.,
Poklonov V.A. , Solomonova E.A. The
new on phytoremediation potential:
47

... -
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