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[J.S. Departnrent ol'.

f ustice

Federal Bu reau of lnvestieation


I(ashington, D.C. 2053 5

FOIPA Request No.:

Subject: RONCALLI, ANGELO GIUSEPPE


Dear

Records responsive to your request were previously processed under the prcvisions of the Freedom of Information Act. Enclosed are 10 pages of previously-processed documents and a copy of the Explanation of Exemptions. Additional records potentially resporrsive to your subject may exist. Please submit a.new FOIA request if you would like the FBI to conduct a search of the indices to our Central Records System. Should you desire, you may also request that the enclosed documents be re-processed. Submit requests by mail or fax to 22602, fax number (540) 868-4997.

_-

Work Process Unit, 170 Marcel Drive, Winchester, VA

You may file an appeal by writing to the Director, Office of Information Policy (OlP), U.S. Departmentof Justice, 1425 NewYorkAve., NW, Suite 11050, Washington, D.C. 20530-0001. Your appeal must be received by OIP within sixty (60) days from the date of this letter in order to be considered timely. The envelope and the letter should be clearly marked "Freedom of Information Appeal." Please cite the FOIPA Request Number assigned to your request so that it may be identified easily.

Very truly yours,

David M. Hardy

Section Chief,
Record/lnformation Dissemination Section Records Management Division

Enclosure(s)

0-20 (Rev. T-18-S8)

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Hi s Hol iness INFORI'IATION ffiRNING

,n I ) XXIII Pqpg-llOHN

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There have been a nunber of articles published in the press-'chroughout the world conce;ni;; ;h; .,'recent illness of the Pope, These articles have oEr"riu" $i"-,.--T ;;.the Pope?s illness as bei.ng anything from a flu aiiiit-to v;#\ cancetr. Most articles state the pope is not suffering from a serious ilrness and that he is recovering a;-if," extent that he is able to again receive visitorl, hold audiences, and conduct his iegular businesst The true illness of the pope is undoubtedl yo held in secrecy by the vatican. thbre is no doubt lb-eing It.nat a- serious illness would have serious repercussions {*.L*
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li There are ernanating _ ;,i the Vatican thatsone reports seriousli fron sour ces the pope is = itt, but Ttloog;to a good front before the peopte of the woild. f,1Ptt?rrg.,up indicate Pope JOHN is-molt Ft:r.g..tportsof the Ecumenical conferenceanxious to carry started in Lg6z ieut S,rerrwork l$nd.F this end would even sacrif ice his personal health. ig also sincerely {ltepeEte in reportedly nostundoubtedlyinteiested in f iridin g the world. He recognizes the sori ous $i
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world. Therefore, 'most recent account.s Pope JOHN is recovering from his ailments an'd lrelate that JJhaqrhe is in good health for a nan of his age.
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ldanger in comnunisn and is devoting a great deal of lhis personal efforts in preparing his faithful to comlbat this evil philosophy.

Legat, Rome, has met Pope JOHN on two occasions. During discussion the Pope spo[<e most highly of the United States and the Anerican peop0e. He indicated that the Unit.ed States, as leader of the Western world, has a nost inportant mission in its fight against
conmunisn.
There are some reports, ostensitly originally from sources close to the Pope , indicat ing he is
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sutterlng tron cancer and 'that he cannot be expected to live very much longer. According to this source, the Pope is suffering pain fron the disease, but wishes to carry out his inportant work and resPonsibility to his people without causing alarm. He reportedly does not want the people to know the truth of his ailment for fear it may cause concern.
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ldent].aI Iy adv 1s eo Lega Vatican staff are deeply concerned with the health of the Pope. Those who have frequent contact with the Pope notice his courage in carrying out his nany responsibilities, but also note he appe'ars to be suffering from his current illness. Although there has been no official announl5ucnt to the effect, that the Pope has cancer, and although the subject of the Popefs illness is not openly discussed among Vatican offi.cials, it is ?tronslv susp?cted-the further s tated Pope is suffering from cancsr. members of the Vatican familY believe the canser is located in the area of the stomach and only a miracle can save the
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In regard to the above, it is interesting I to note that the Pope is once agaln carrying on a near lf I fuf l schedut e. In closi ng the first ses3ion of the I Ecurnen i ca I C onf ertnc e in Decembrr _ tg gZ, he reported ly I to ld the man y b ishops an d cardinals in-attendince th'at lwhen the Con ference is r econvened in 196s they may have I a new Pope.
Bureau. Any "ollill,:l'l#i:*"fl;,,'l:":lf:l'::l::Jf"" and reiated natteis-;iii-b;-;;"il;ii';;r;;;;;;"i;" the Bureau.

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May the C&AfrDIAN never be a hate sheet., Your letter column of July 18 carried a letter frorn Raywood F razier critlcizing your excellent reporLage on the death and work of Pope John lO(m. May f, a.s & Unitarian mlnlster, and one hardly in danger of walking the road to Rome, remlnd Mr. FYazler that lntole-

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of Roman Catholics who work for peece and hurnan riehts is hardly &n example of American respect for a society
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to support the Sloman Curia or the doctrines of St. Ttromas to rejoice that Popes and other Catholics are in the struggle for human rights and world peace. Let Mr. fftazier remember that mllllqrs lof good men and women are fis prothers and slsters, and t+t
lhev &re also CathoUcs. I (Rev., Stephen II. Fritchnan t
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{ lrltroduce ths reason for my "He went on to say 'that he 'Bv' Drew Pearson y had roa.son t'o be'liwe that : REASON so 'many visit. But Roncalll bntshed ONE ptayerlt have been oiteredlo"r me aside, saying, 'Tbat wlll some baptisma'l centifioates PopC$ohn in the non-Chris- come later. First we must had already been issued by ttaFuqf6n as ln the non- enJoy the view, the eonversa. nuns to Hungadan Jews, The Catholic world is a chapter in tion and the wine.' Nazis had recognized these as hlc life which many Catholics ,,His personality was so crcd,entials and had permitted may not know about, when radiant and his conviviality their holders to leave the he belped rscue $everal thou- ss genuine that for the mo- country. saad Jews from NazI persecu" ment I let the,purpose of my "We agreed that we would tlon ln Hungary. plesence escape me, In fact, communicate witJr his repreThe Pope was then Cartltnat t wasn't until a second bot- sentatives in Hungary and Roncalli, apostolic delegate in Ue had been downed that he that I would get in boucb Istanbul. The story of the would permit any thougtr,t 61 with. our underground conJewish reqpue ls told by Ira practicil discuslion. 15gn, -nections'to arrange for either Hirscbmann, FDR's personal luddenly, he announced, trarge-s_oale baptism of Jews, enYoy on refugee matters, in 'Dunqui,' eominciamo , , , 9t at_least certificates to be i-ssued to womn and c{ril' his recent book, "Caution to 1ey, iet'us begin.' the Winds." | ,,Roncalll listened intenfly dT:- proposal and agree' Adoll Eicbmann had moved I as I outlined the desperate "The lnto Eulgary and started the I plight ol the Jews io ltun. ment, had been ac.complished mass uuider of the Jewisnli*}. f sta. in. what seemerl like a lew "itoalnu me lnd people. Alil knowing the in. I iiiti". available to -"u'ur 15u miuules. It_-was _clear to me lluenoc of the Cathollo I-*i uiu*iinu., ;i that Boncalll had consiilered -.-o,ori*. arnval, "".ouna, a" Church [n Eunsarv_ Iltrcch. I undergrounil operatives. 4r this plal -Detore my arrival, Churc\ in Eungaty, Illrsch. | ,riij"i'-,.i --*rn ruriu"t EIt.s plar before 16'-1, .wlth cu[e*'simonil, i i-;;;fii;;e l$^11*_1".]"3,_."*"Fd.g went'to sec Carilinrl no":il uof"t.tUu irOa"A-i"-pal|el. atuosphere iu which to test caul tn rstantul. Eers ts uow{i.uiii. Td;-il ;"rrffd hi iJ-"fg"1lt5:1l dj:::"ti9l to Elrsol''o' describer ntsi;hail'""-iiir."i;J-ft"U" the my abilitylnto help put tld -- !;[i,;5";;i";-J;;;. practical vlsth -operation 6. . . our hoct h'ned t" liiii?in-d-"iri-il ffi";;; errect." Thousands of Jewr werc e rmall cupboard from wtrtctt I who will iooferatc?' II v hr taatr r lrnf{la nf rart wtno I r.A{*arhr,63n6+tr,-F-nl' reply, fegeUed ha tcok a bottle of red wlne. , '.After pry afilrmatlve i*1:-::"-:, ffOm r$ HUngary 'u[6'drv eatii ia"'i.r"i u.s ;ior, r" i r'e r,e-siie;.o; 1#!;+.",Lii SinT;trh1: pouled out three grassec e.kilg, 'Do lnsbtrd on drinking to 11 lp:tutg our the Jewr ft""" -vou,thrnk ilffiJti; of reoaillng rhis

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THE POPES AND PEACE


'4rt anall'si.s ol sonte of the "peect: entryr'Iir:rrl.s" i.ssrrrr/ ht Iltt, 2Oth [t,rtlrrrl,. pnrticttlurl.v uoPucctrt In'f erri.s."
rI'\FIL,RE HAVE BEEN L4 encyclical I letters on the subject of peace, by various Holy Fathers, during the 20th Century. Pope Bene*lict XV wrote 3; Pope Pius XI wrote l; Pope Pius XII wrote 9; and Pope John XXIII wrote l, his famous but misunderstood "Pacenl In Terris." Pope tsenedict XV's first enc:vclical, "Ad Beatissimi," ("Appeal F'or Peace"), issued November l, 1914, explained that world unrest was due to lack of love, contempt for authority, injustice
and greed.

munlsrn is not what it likes people to think the Paladin of'the oppressbd, the knight of independence, the defender of peace Communism is a religion whose gospel begins rvitJr the rvords: 'In the beginning was matter, and matter rvas god.' Khrushchev knorvs very rvell there can be no peitce-

In "Quod Iam I)iLt," ("On 'fhe Frrture Peace Conferenc"), issued December l, 1918, shortly after the end of World War I, the same Pope called on Catholics to thank God that the war was over, and urged them to pray for divine guidance for the member.s of the Versailles peace conference, (the League Of Nations).
Two years later, May 23, 1g20, Pope Benedict wrote in "Pacem Dei Munus Pulchei'rirnurn," ("On Peace Ancl Chrjstian Re<:onciliation"), that genuine forgiveness is a necessary prelude to peace, and that he was grieved at con-

tinued ill-w'ill nm<lng nations.


Piu Pogre Pius

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for his l'nrlous encyclical, "Divini

Xl, although most noted

and condernned Atheistic Communisrn in 1937, long before the Red menace was a threat to the world, wrote his very first encyclical on the subject of peace. In "Ubi Arcano," ("On The Peace Of Christ In The Kingdom Of
l-lrnic.f "\ l\ono'tl-n't') I Onn L^ ,A

demptoris," rvhich thoroughly analyzetl

'fhe Comnrunists thenrselves finlrlly must have "gottcl'l Lhe message." Sevcral of therr ptrblications, in analyzing vatrious propagarrda purpclses than Pope further the enc)/clical. wrote similar John's "Pacem In 'l'erris." f'his lras viewpoints to rhe follorving onc, exbeen done by "liberal" (latholics, as pressed in the Soviet rnagazine, "Za rvell as by the Communists. ln fact, rhe Rubezhont," ("Abroad").,,'l'he eclitorial Communists harre sho\r'n sur:h gall conboard considers it necessarv to emcerning the encyclical, that they have phasize that rnany statemenls of the actually dared to claim thart the tlol_y encyclical are derived from the prinFather's words r#ere an official papal ciples of the Catholic creed, which is endorsement of c(rexi.stence with Corn, incompatible with the purely scientific, munism, Socialism, th(. esrablishment' (atheistic), Marxist rvorld outlook.', of a one-world governnrent and police In other worcis, though thc lteds irad force, plus many other irrterprciatiolts enthusiastically trvistecl the enc_Vclical tlrat would serve their purposes. to set've Lhcir proltaga nda pLlt'l)osr1s, Pope John Called Their Bluf{ What the Communists and "liberConsicler the circurnsLance uncier they firrally had ro adrlit ther-e coulcl als" have failed to do, we.s to publish ,,pacem In be no real coexistence beLween ALhetvhich and heed both the opening and orher- 'ferris."John XXIII issuecl istic Conrmunisnr and Chri.stianitl,. As Though Communism continued [o aclvance in such areas as Cuba, I.at_ prot-rf of this, alonnd t he siir r'le rirne ''Paceln In Terri.s" wels releasecl. and in Arrrerica and Southeast Asia, genin the many 'rveeks since then, there erallS, the "(iold War" hacl reacheci have bcen several of f iciai Conrrnunist somewhat of a sfalemate. The Cornmustittements calling for a.steppecl-up rtist.s, parricularly the Russians, led by attack againsl. religion, and a nrilitant Khrushchev, \ ,ere proclainring loudly campaign to spreacl atheisnr. Such cam?nd ltublicly that they \l'ere respecla_ paigns are under way in Poland, Rusble men urho truly desired rvorld peoce. sia, Cuba, Hungary and elses,lrere. They had even made some friendly ges_ At a plenary session of the Ct:ntral ture.s and overtures, sttch as releasing a Bishop or t\r'o, lt'ho never slrould Conrrnittee of the Conrrnunist Plrtv, helcl in the Krernlin in Jurnc --- a nleerhave been irnprisoned in the first place, ing opcned by I{hrushchcv, and rebr-rt millions of other Christians were still kept in Red chains, They relaxed a ported in all the Soviet ciailies ferv rules in some countries, and in- Leonid F. Ilychev, a parLy secreLilry vited Western reporters to come in ancl and ideologicrtl spec:ialist, delivered a which see holv the people were ,,enjoying tltree-hour "keynote" speech, in ,,there he sLressed again and again that freedom" behind the Iron Curtain. never has been and never can be any In face of all this, pope John issued peaceful coexistence of ideologies." "Pacem ln Terris." Anyone who has n:,,"li,t.ized thos..yho. "think religion f hnrntrohlr' it rrlnalvzed
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"Pacem In Terris" Probably no encyclical of recent times has been more quoted ol' misquoted, distorted or twisted to serve

iugating people in every country they control, can the Cclmlnunists, by any stretc:h of the irnagirration, be con.sidered rnen of good-w'ill? f'he answcr to all ttrcse qLrestions is best given by the countless thousands, who try to flec. to frcedorn frorn behind the Iron arrd Banrboo Curtains, from Cutla. Ijast Germany, lled China ancl elservhere. 'Ihe Communists may try to \\/erlr the mirsk of peace, I'rrendship and re.spcc.tibility, in orcler to gain furtlrer concessions fnlnr the F ree World, but no lxatter hou, hard thev ily. they cannot hide the true picture of thr:ir reign -i blutal tyranny.

ful coexistence betlveen Communist ideology and freeclorn, It is time we


learned liker,vise."

1A

viewed the conclitions which follorved World War I -. hatred between na tions, fear of the future, clitss rvatrfare, breakdorvn of farnily life, and spiritual disruption and urged that nren restore God to public and 1>rivate life as the only source of peace.

"Peoce on osrth

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con be esloblished only the order lsid down by God be dutifully


observed."

..

Pius Xll
Polle Pius XII, knoln as a tircless foe against Communism, issued his first peace encyclical April 15, 1945. In

qualifying statements containcd in the encyclical staternents that showed quite clearly the entire encyclical
rested solidly on a foundation ba.sed on Christian principles. Pope J<,rhn first addressed his encS,glical, not just to Cath-

good will, through the establishment ot' a just peace founded on divine larv.

in offering the'hand of friendship, the Pope was actually "calling their bluff," by inviting the Cornrnunists to prove they truly were nlen of
see that

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for a program of action "to oppose religion with active, militant anti-re-

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Communist Reaction
What vrits the response of the CornmunisLs to "PaeL'ln In Terris?" In the beginning, It'titny Communi,st pr-rblicafavorable comrnents. For exarnple, in rhe United State-s, the official Comcarried editorials and articles for several u,eeks in April and May, which indicated the Red leaders here were deliriously ecstatic, in reading into the cncyclical an official Church endorsement of peaceful coexistence on their

tions prinl.erl lengthy excerpts and


mun.ist publication, "The Wot'l(er',"

"Communium Interpretes Dolorurn," ("Appeal For Praryers For Peace During May"), he said that corrduct rvill change only if rrren lrave a change of heart, and that peace depends on justice and charitv. He called for public prayers for peirce again July 19, 1950, ;n "Surnnti Mirerori.s," and sarid that people rvant peace but do not use the right lneans: "prayer, penance, expiation and observance of the Commandments." ln "Miriabile Illud," ("Crusade Of Prayer lior Peace"), I)ecember 6, I950, Pope Pius XII r:alled for a sacred crusade to oppose unrestrained struggle
elmong treoples.

olics, but "to all men of good will." Then followed his oltenirrg staternent: ttPeace on earth, rvhich men of every era have most eagerly yearned for, can be firmly established ONI,Y Ili' 'IHE ORDER LAID DOWN BY GOD BE
DTJTIFULLY OBSERVED.'' Toward the end of the encyclical, he
emphasized again: "In fact, there can be no peace between men, unless there is peace within each one of them; unless, that is, each one builds within him-

tcrms

which means a Comrnunist

dorninated rvorld.

fhe Communist Party, USA accually

After the abortive Hungarian Revolution, of October 1956, Piu.s XII issued "Luctuosissimi Eventus, October 28, trrging prayers for a peace tlased on justice for the people of Eastern Europe, particularly the Hungarians. FIe condemned the shocking violation of civil rights and personal liberty. In "Laetamur Admodum," November l, 1956, he asked prayers for the solution of the Egypt-Israeli crisis. His third encyclical on peace wit,hin a week, "Datis Nuperrime," issued November 5, 1956, condemned the brutal attack on freedom in Hungary, and urged the world to make efforts towards a just and lasting peace.
July-September,
1963

self the order wished by God . . "However peace will be but an empty-souncling rvord unless it is tounded on the ordpr which this prcssent document, (encyclical), has outlined in conficlent hope an order founded on truth, built according to vivified and integrated by iustice, charity, and put into practice in free.

dom.

there any rnention ol the moral prin,:rlaid down by the late Holy Father, as the necessary requisite s for true
plers

and explain or interpret for them the meaning of the encyclical. Norvlrere in all the Cornrnunist pr<lpaganda was

all of tlrs Catholic colleges in this cq,r ntry, offering to provide Comtnunist'. spc.akers to address the students,

wa.s so brazen as tcl send

letters to nrost

ligious work." The Communists relentlessly carry out such programs of extermination of religious rvorship and belief, while at the same time Khrushchev hues us rvith his smiles into signing a nuclear test ban agreement and other concessions that can only hasten the day of 0ur own destruction. From thcir own statements, then, it can be seen they have no illusions abclut "Pacem [n 'ferris," alnd have rejected its call for a peace based on the divine principles of truth, justice, charity and liberty. At his death, Pope John nlust have seen that the Colnmunist.s would reject such a peace. According to the frontpage articles in nrany papers, on the day of his death, the Pope's personal secretary, told the mourners that Pope John had sarid on his death-bed: "I'm

afraid. I fear my children might come involved in a new war."

be-

Some of rhe wrlrst distortions of truth, concerning "Pacem In Terris,"


came over Pope John's words about the

peace.

task that human resources, even though inspired by the most praise-worthy
necessary." Can. you imagine the Cornrnunists calling down God's lrelp to further their attempts at an atheistic peace? Can you imagine them allowing the rnillions en-

"This is such a noble an'J elevated

good will, cannot bring it to realization alone help from on high is

nrust have d:rrvned on lhe Cornnrunists that they were the ones really "on the

After a while, hou'ever, the truth

infi that J

United Nations. ltecall if you will some of the banner headlines in both the secular and "liberal" Catholic press, S-iet'-u

slaved behind the Iron and Bamboo


sub-

Curtains, to live in peace and freedom?

With their reign of brutal terror

the true meaning of the Holy Father's words. Another Vatican Radio broadcast of May 7, 1963 warned: "ft is necessary to StV, and to repeat and to convince people, that Com-

after "Pacem In 'Ierris" was released, broadcast a special warning to the world that the Reds were distorting

First, the Valican Radio, within a week

spot" as a result of the encyclical.

favorable way to the UN, had called for a super-state, a one-world government, with a world police force designed to keep peace, even at the expense of nations having to surrender their national sovereignty. Nothing could be further from the truth. Rt. Rev. Msgr. R. G. Bandas, STD, et M., (in the May 2, 1963 issue of {Concluded on back page) Poge 5

ft

f, L,
(Concluded f rom pqge 5 ) "The Wanderer," 128 E. Tenth Street, St. Paul l, Minnesota), proved conclusively that the English translation,

"

L) iv -1ile Lr-,v e " ]lr'.s,-o, (r.riii

The Popes And Peace


No Bfankef Approval
Finally, even though Pope John did speak somewhat favorably of the idea of the United Nations, he did not give a blanket endorsemeltt or approval to all the organization did or represented. Here is what Pope John did sry, concerning the UN: '5It is our earnest WISH that the LJnited Nations Organization in its structure and in its means may become ever more equal to the magnitude and nobility of its tasks." Likewise, when the UN SecretaryGeneral, U-Thant, visited Pope Paul in July, although the Holy Father spoke favorably of the ideals of the UN, he also expressed the hope that the organization rn'ould live up to those publiclyprofess

as published in practically all

by omitting a most irnportant phrarse. Without this phrase, the impression was given that the I-Ioly Father was endorsing the original IJN Declaration Of Human - Rights, without criticism. But with the phrase inserted, it can be seen the Holy Father acknowto just criticism. and that the Pope had reservations in spite of his favorable words about the UN in general. Generally circulated English text:
ledged that the Declaration was subject

Diocesan and secular papers, erred gravely

ttSome objections and reservations

document represents an important step

the Declaration (of Human Rights). There is no doubt, however, that the
on the path toward the juridical-political organization of the world commun-

were raised regarding certain points in

ope str. tod'

"We avail ourself of the occasion to renew the expression of our esteem,
and of Our }IOPES for the fundament-

ity."

to non praeterit,

The offic:ial Latin text: r'Nos profecquaedam Professionis

al program of the United Nations, especially in regard to the elimination of war, the assistance of developing
ties of individuals and social groups,
and the safe-eparding of the rjghts dignity of the huma-n person."
.qqd

huius capita minus probanda nonnullis

people, and of those in need of defense and promotion, the lawful liber_

visa esse: NEQUE ID

IMMERITO.

bendam esse censernus quendam quasi gradum atque aditum ad iuridicalem politicamque ordinationem constituendam omnium populorum qui in mundo
sunt'.t'

Nihilominus Professionem eandem ha-

consider certain points in this Dec' laration (of Human Rights) as less
_.SO-.- Nevertheless,

Monsignor Bandas, a noted theologian and recognized authority on Vatican affairs, then offered the following as a literal translation of the official Latin text: "It does not escape Us that some

true world peace, and to do all in his power to work toward such a goal. No Pope, therefore, can ignore a world-

HOPES of Pope John XXIII and Pope Paul VI concerning the UN, to be considered a blessing or approval of A[,f, the organization has done or says. No Pope can fail to be concerned abo.ut

ES and

wide organization such as the UN, which is publicly established for the professed purpose of maintainin!
peace, law and order.

we think that the Declaration is to be considered as a CERTAIN step, as it were, (the word timportant' is not contained in the Latin text), and an approach to the iuridical and political organization of all ples in the world." From this we see that the I{olY Father admits there is just criticism of the more idealistic UN Declaration Of Human Rights, which was never formally ratified or adopted, but rather has been replaced by a much watereddown and in some respects essentially altered Covenant Of Human Rights. ' Nowhere in the encyclical does Pope
The Holy Father, in "Pacem In 'ferris," went on to declare that in a world

deserving

of

approval: AND. JUSTI;I

Pope Benedict XV spoke favorablY of the League Of Nations. But in spite of his favorable words of hope and encouragement, and call ing for prayers r for divine guidance on its deliberations, I that organization failed miserably in I its efforts to maintain peace. It finally collapsed because it was not founded on true Christian principles of morality and justice.

So, also, in spite of the favorable words of praise and hope sPoken bY both John XXIII and Paul VI about the UN, that organizatron rn'ill likewise fail to rnaintain world peace, and will eventually collapse, unless it is guided by God-given Christian principles in

its deliberations, decisions and actions.

must dom. ana

community, such as the UN, mernbermust ship -be be voluntarY, and nations permitted keep their free-

To

/- 1 i I

1,TuI'.1t

affairs.This is in complete conttast wiTElFt--mmonly advocated versions of the "one-worlders." who want