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GRAMMAR

Part A. Choose the best answer.


1. Some people say that Steve Jobs was a genius. In fact, some say he was ______ greatest
genius of the 20th century.
a) a
b) an
c) the
d) no article
2. _____ iPhone changed the way people used cell phones forever.
a) a
b) an
c) the
d) no article
3. Apple is _____ technology company based in California.
a) a
b) an
c) the
d) no article
4. The next time I go shopping, Im going to buy _____ mp3 player. Ive always wanted one!
a) a
b) an
c) the
d) no article
5) People use Apple computers to __________ information.
a) look up
b) look up to
c) look down on
d) look forward to

6) As the new head of Apple, Tim Cook has a lot of new responsibilities. He knows what they
are, so all he needs to do now is...
a) put them on
b) make them up
c) carry them out
d) hold them back
7) Steve Jobs was fired by his first company. They thought he _____________ someone who
didnt know how to manage a company.
a) called up
b) called on
c) came up with
d) came across as
8) Tim Cook became the new head of Apple. When he was offered the job, he decided not to...
a) take it off
b) back it up
c) figure it out
d) turn it down
9) Based on the question, which is the most correct?
I dont know much about the iPod. When did it come out in stores?
a) The iPod that changed the way people listen to music came out in 2001.
b) The iPod, that changed the way people listen to music, came out in 2001.
c) The iPod which changed the way people listen to music came out in 2001.
d) The iPod, which changed the way people listen to music, came out in 2001.
10) Which of the following best summarizes the sentences?
The iPod is over there. It is mine.
a) The iPod that is over there is mine.
b) The iPod, that is over there, is mine.
c) The iPod which is over there is mine.
d) The iPod, which is over there is mine.

11) Tim Cook is a man. He is the new head of Apple.


a) The man who is the new head of Apple is Tim Cook.
b) The man, who is the new head of Apple, is Tim Cook.
c) The man which is the new head of Apple is Tim Cook.
d) The man, which is the new head of Apple, is Tim Cook.
12) Which is the most grammatical?
a) The person that work I admire the most is Steve Jobs.
b) The person, who work I admire the most, is Steve Jobs.
c) The person whose work I admire the most is Steve Jobs.
d) The person, which work I admire the most, is Steve Jobs.
Part B
Directions: Combine the two sentences using the appropriate relative pronoun.
1. Tim Cook is the CEO of Apple.
Tim Cook is from Alabama.
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2. Tim Cook gave a great presentation.
His speech is on business management.
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3. He has an M.B.A. degree.
The M.B.A. degree is from Duke University.
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4. He launched the latest iPhone earlier this month.
It isnt as popular as the previous models.
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5. Tim Cook gave a presentation.
The presentation was about the new iPhone.
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6. Tim Cook is a fitness enthusiast.
His personality is very reserved and quiet.
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Part C
Directions: Replace the underlined verb with the correct phrasal verb.
7. He didnt reject the offer to work with Steve Jobs.
= He didnt ________ _________ the offer to work with Steve Jobs.

8. Tim Cook visited Steve Jobs frequently when he was sick.


= Tim Cook __________ ________ Steve Jobs frequently when he was sick.
9. Although smartphones are very common, we still have to tolerate poor reception.
= Although smartphones are very common, we still have to ____ ____ ____ poor reception.
10. The press conference was delayed due to technical difficulties.
= The press conference was _______ ______ due to technical difficulties.
11. Steve Jobs never recovered from cancer.
= Steve Jobs never ________ _______ cancer.
12. Did you ever solve the problem with your cellphone?
= Did you ever ______ ______ the problem with your cell phone?

READING: You will have 30 minutes to complete these tasks (Passage 1&2) .
READ THE PASSAGE BELOW AND CIRCLE THE BEST ANSWER.
Passage1
Tim Cook speaks! Apple's COO on Android, iPad 2
by Macworld Staff, Macworld.com
Apple COO Tim Cook at the Verizon iPhone 4 launch.
[Editors note: Here is an edited transcript of Tim Cooks interview with a news reporter about
iPhone sales.]
In terms of iPhone, we did actually very well everywhere. Id call out two places where it was
just off the charts. The U.S. grew 155 percent year over year. Obviously adding Verizon and
beginning to offer iPhone to their enormous customer base was key in that. However, as you
heard from AT&Ts announcement this morning, AT&T did extremely
5.
well during the quarter. So the U.S. market grew 155 percent, and thats about
three times predicted growth for the smartphone market, which was about 48 percent. Also, we
continued to be on a tear in China. Greater China saw iPhone sales being up over three times.
Almost 250 percent. This increased profit for first fiscal half in Greater China to just under $5
billion, which is up almost four times year over
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year.
[What about launching a 4G/LTE iPhone?]
I was asked this question, or a similar question, when we launched the iPhone with Verizon.
What I said then, and I still see it as being the case today, and I think you can see this in the
products that have been shipped, is that the first generation of LTE chipsets
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force a lot of design compromises with the handset, and some of those we are just not

willing to make.
And so we are extremely happy with the iPhone 4 and iPhone 3GS. Hitting 18.6 million units
was something much larger than we thought we could do this quarter, and were happy to have
gotten it out to three more large carriers.
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[What about moving the iPhone into the prepaid market?]

Our focus has very much been on China. We wanted to understand that market and understand
the levers there. iPhone sales increased three times during the quarter, and in the first half we did
just slightly under $5 billion in greater China in revenue, which is about 10 percent of Apple, to
put it in perspective. And it wasnt but a couple years ago
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that that number would have been less than two. And so its a sea change. Thats
certainly not what I would call a classic postpaid market by any means of imagination. And so
we have some ideas about other countries as well. Im not in a position that I want to share those
today. We purposefully put the bulk of our emphasis from an emerging markets point of view, in
China, to really learn, and then were going to take
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that learning to other markets.
1. In line 1-3, Tim Cook mentions Verizon to
a.
b.
c.
d.

Announce Apples new contract with Verizon


Explain why iPhone sales have grown greatly
State Verizon as iPhones only carrier on the market
Express his concern about their enormous customer base

2. In line 8, fiscal means of or involving


a.
b.
c.
d.

Social matters
Political matters
Financial matters
Technological matters

3. What would be best sentence to add to the blank in line 10?


a.
b.
c.
d.

We are very concerned with our work in China


We are thinking about pulling iPhone out of China
So we are extremely happy with how were doing in China
The rate of sales growth in China is extremely slow and frustrating

4. What is the main idea of the first paragraph?


a.
b.
c.
d.

iPhones success in the U.S.


The worldwide sales report on iPhone
iPhones successful sales growth in two major markets
The future of Apple products and Apples intention to expand overseas markets

5. According to the reading, which is true about moving the iPhone into the prepaid market?
a.
b.
c.
d.

The focus has very much been on the U.S.


iPhone sales have been dropping consistently
iPhone sales have doubled during the last quarter
Apple will apply their current experience to future markets

6. According to the last paragraph, what is Tim Cooks attitude toward China?
a. Confused
b. Frustrated
c. Indifferent
d. Prospective

Passage2
Steve Jobs made a decision to resign from Apple and recommend Tim Cook to be its CEO puts
him into the spotlight.
Cook, a small-town football fanatic turned CEO of the world's largest technology company, has
long faced the question of whether he had the same remarkable
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vision as his predecessor.
He now must prove that his technology instincts are as sharp as when he joined Apple in 1998
after leaving the once-mighty Compaq, then the world's top PC maker. At the time Apple was
barely afloat.
His gut decision during his first meeting with Jobs not only changed his life but altered
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the course of technology history.
"My most significant discovery so far in my life was the result of one single decision, my
decision to join Apple," Cook told Auburn University students last year. "Working at Apple was
never in any plan that I outlined for myself, but was without a doubt the best decision that I ever
made."
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Now, as leader of one of the most highly recognizable brands, Cook will be called upon
to satisfy investors and consumers who know Apple as a technology pioneer.

People who have known and worked with Cook over the past two decades use terms like
"brilliant" and "phenomenal" to describe him.
He is also called a supply chain genius at a company that values operational efficiency
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nearly as much as design. Yet after years of relative anonymity as Jobs' No 2, Cook is in

some ways untested. "Tim has been de facto chief executive for some time and the company has
been hugely successful," said Colin Gillis, an analyst at BGC Financial. "The vision and the road
map are intact." Cook has led Apple's earnings calls with analysts and carefully guided or
rebuffed queries to maintain the company's highly
25.
secretive plans for its products.
One of the things Cook shares with Jobs is sheer competitiveness, say associates. "He's not in it
for the fame or the ego or the money. He's in it to win," said Greg Petsch, who was Cook's boss
at Compaq Computer in the late 90s.
How Cook got his job is part of Apple legend. As recounted in the Wall Street Journal,
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Jobs, then newly returned to Apple to reinvigorate the company, had turned down
several applicants in characteristically brusque fashion, including walking out midway through
one interview.
By Cook's own account, they took to each other instantly, and Cook made his fateful decision. "I
listened to my intuition, Cook said.
35.
Jobs and Cook have balanced each other ever since. Where Jobs is famous for his
explosive temper, firing employees on the spot, Cook is described as down-to-earth and softspoken. Where Jobs is known for his new age interest in vegetarianism and spirituality, Cook,
who is from Alabama, loves Auburn U football and is a fitness fanatic. And where Jobs enjoyed
rockstar-like fame early in his career as a pioneer of the
40.
computer era, the intensely private Cook toiled for years in obscurity, an operations
brain who became CEO at one of the world's coolest companies.
A person who worked with Cook at Apple said, "He has a steel trap of a mind. He not only
knows everything about what he's doing, he knows everything about what you're doing, too."
45.
"The guy is just a phenomenal operating executive," said Mark Briggs, who was Cook's
boss at Intelligent Electronics from 1994 to 1997. Briggs remembers a highly analytical
executive, focused on metrics, who overhauled the company's supply chain. "He just works all
the time, that's his life."
Some say Cook's achievements, not to mention his skillful management of Apple's
50.
revival of Mac unit, show he is much more than a by-the-numbers supply chain expert.
"They call him an operational genius, but Tim's a lot more strategic than he's been getting credit
for," said Petsch. Although operations executives are not generally considered chief executive
material, Petsch pointed to former Intel chief Craig Barrett's rise to the top from chief operating
officer jobs.
55.
"He is very highly regarded internally at Apple," said Ashok Kumar, an analyst at
Rodman & Renshaw. "From a succession perspective, they could not possibly identify a better
candidate. He has a track record to back it up."
Yet there is little doubt that much of the Apple mystique revolves around Jobs. His far-sighted,
sometimes counterintuitive approach has guided Apple to a string of triumphs.
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Although Jobs was involved in strategic decisions Cook has been running the company

day-to-day.
"I am where I am in life because my parents sacrificed more than they should have, because of
teachers, professors, friends and mentors who cared more than they had to, and because of Steve
Jobs and Apple," Cook said last year.
1. In line 9, the word altered most likely means _________________.
a. Pushed
b. Allowed
c. Changed
d. Organized
2. In line 36, the word down-to-earth most likely means _________________.
a. Happy
b. Modest
c. Irritable
d. Excitable
3. Based on the article, what kind of relationship did Steve Jobs and Tim Cook have?
a. They did not like each other very much
b. Even though both men were very competitive, they got along well
c. They sometimes argued but always managed to work out their problems
d. Tim Cook admired Steve Jobs and Jobs thought that Cook was very intelligent
4. What is the main idea of lines 35-41?
a. Both men were vegetarians
b. Tim Cook wanted to be famous
c. The personalities of the two men were very similar
d. Tim Cook is quiet and reserved, while Steve Jobs had a temper
5. Based on the article, the authors attitude toward Apple is that Apple
_________________.
a. makes terrible products
b. is a really amazing company
c. is not as good as other computer companies
d. makes good computers, but Blackberry makes better cell phones
6. What do you think the best title for this article would be?
a. Tim Cook: A Very Lucky Man
b. Tim Cook: A Poor Choice for Apple
c. Tim Cook: There Couldnt Be a Better Replacement for Steve Jobs
d. Tim Cook: Apples New CEO Will Not Be As Successful as Steve Jobs

WRITING TASK: You will have 30 minutes to complete this essay.


Directions: Write a compare/contrast essay on the following topic:
Desktop computers vs. laptop computers
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Speaking:
Directions: You will have one minute to plan what you are going to say, and two minutes to
speak. You may take notes.
Topic: You are in need of a new cell phone. You must decide if you want to buy a regular cell
phone or an iPhone, Blackberry, or other kind of Smartphone. Discuss the pros and cons of
each, and make sure to explain your final decision.