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This report details the following from the proposed facility. Collection, Treatment and Disposal of Domestic Effluents.

QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF WASTEWATERS. The population and water demand is enclosed in ANNEXURE 1. Principal source of water supply for the proposed developments is available from BWSSB. Tanker water supply is considered for additional requirements. The wastewater quantity from domestic sources is considered at maximum of 80% of water consumed. Hence the quantity of wastewater generated is as below Quantity of water consumed = 138 cum/day Quantity of wastewater flow = 110 cum/day Treatment plant for treating sewage in the building has been proposed for a capacity of 110 cum/day. Proposed quality of raw and treated sewage is as below Quality of raw waste-water: PH = 6 8 TSS = 200 - 400 Mg / Lit BOD5 = 200 - 350 Mg/Lit COD = 500 - 700 Mg/Lit Turbidity = 10 15 NTU Residual chlorine = Present / Absent E Coli = Present Quality of treated waste water: PH = 7.0 8.0 TSS = <10 Mg / Lit BOD5 = <10 Mg/Lit COD = <200 Mg/Lit Turbidity = <2 NTU E Coli = Absent Residual chlorine = Absent > 1mg/lit 1. PROPOSED TREATMENT SCHEME Based on the quantity & quality of wastewater & also to substantiate the State Pollution Control Board requirements, it is proposed to treat the wastewater under biological process as Extended Aeration with Activated Sludge, followed by Filtration, softening & Disinfection. The Sewage Treatment Plant includes three steps. Primary Treatment : For removal of suspended solids from waste water. This will reduce additional BOD load as it prevents the damage of compressors, motor and pumps.

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Secondary Treatment : For reduction of BOD / COD of sewage. Tertiary Treatment : For finishing and removal of traces of impurities from treated sewage water. The treatment methodology comprises of the following units. a) Bar screen b) Collection and equalization c) Aeration (Extended Aeration & Activated Sludge) d) Clarifier e) Secondary Aeration (Extended Aeration & Activated Sludge) f) Secondary clarifier g) Clarified water tank. h) Sludge re-circulation i) Sludge holding tank j) Filter press k) Final Sump l) Pressure Sand Filtration & Activated Carbon Filtration, softening m) Disinfection by On-line Chlorination Following is a description of individual treatment units, with their design criteria, dimensions, mechanical equipment selection etc.,

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ESCRIPTION OF TREATMENT UNITS A. BAR SCREEN In the incoming channel, a chamber medium screen shall be fitted, the purpose of which is to filter out coarse trashy matter from introducing into succeeding units of the treatment plant. Screens shall be made of M.S Construction with Epoxy Painted. Channel Size : 700 Wide x 1500 Long x 800 Depth Type of screen : M.S Construction manually cleaned with MS flats placed at 20 mm c/c with MS hand rake with handle all epoxy painted. EQUALISATION TANK / COLLECTION TANK In order to homogenize the quality of wastewater, as well as to feed wastewater at a uniform rate to the rest of the treatment plant, an equalization tank is proposed. In order to mix the contents, as well as to provide a degree of preparation, diffused aeration by means of membranes and blowers are proposed. Capacity : 37 Cum Size : 5300mm x 1800mm x 4500mm Depth Aeration : Coarse diffuser D.P : 6 Hrs. C. AERATION TANK The sewage thus received in the aeration tank is treated by extended aeration biological treatment in the chamber. The aeration tank is provided with membrane type air diffusers. The main air header is connected to a rotary lobe type blower, which delivers the required quantum of air to the system. The raising bubbles from the diffusion membranes scrub the water more efficiently causing molecular diffusion and enhance the dissolved oxygen level in the effluent. With organic matter as food and oxygen for respiration, the aerobic bacterial volume increases day by day and starts consuming the organic matter present in the water. In order to keep the bacterial volume high, the aerated water is decanted to separate the bacterial flock and the same is re-circulated to the aeration tank. The raising bubbles from the membrane diffusers also keep the content of the aeration tank in a turbulent mode thereby causing intimate mixing of bacterial volume and organic matter present in the effluent for more uniform digestion of the organic matter. This would result in the uniform residual BOD. Besides, bio enzymes and other additives are added to the aeration tank, which removes the complex organic matter. BOD in expected : 350 mg/L BOD out desired : 35 mg/L Tank-1 Volume : 87 cum Size : 5300mm x 4700mm x 3500mm Depth Diffusers : Fine pore diffusers. F:M : 0.1 MLSS : 4000 Mg/Lit D. AIR BLOWERS

B.

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Type Capacity

: :

Twin lobe compressor 300 M3/Hr at pressure of 0.5 Kg/sq.cm

The standard air requirement (SAR) is arrived at on the basis of 2.0 Kg oxygen/Kg of BOD. E. CLARIFIER TANK The mixed liquor (waste water with micro-organism) existing in the aeration tank has to be clarified in a clarifier tank having hopper bottom, in order to reduce the T.S.S. in the clarified water, as well as to thicken the biomass for recirculation back to the aeration tank in order to maintain the design MLSS (Mixed Liquor Suspended Solids) Size Overflow Rate Recirculation D.P. : : 3000mm x 3000mm x 3300mm Depth : 30 Cum/sqm/Day : 75% 2 Hrs

F. SECONDARY AERATION TANK In order to further removal of BOD, the sewage received from the clarifier is subjected for diffused aeration. The aeration tank is provided with membrane type air diffusers. The main air header is connected to a rotary lobe type blower, which delivers the required quantum of air to the system. The raising bubbles from the diffusion membranes scrub the water more efficiently causing molecular diffusion and enhance the dissolved oxygen level in the effluent. With organic matter as food and oxygen for respiration, the aerobic bacterial volume increases day by day and starts consuming the organic matter present in the water. In order to keep the bacterial volume high, the aerated water is decanted to separate the bacterial flock and the same is re-circulated to the aeration tank. The raising bubbles from the membrane diffusers also keep the content of the aeration tank in a turbulent mode thereby causing intimate mixing of bacterial volume and organic matter present in the effluent for more uniform digestion of the organic matter. This would result in the uniform residual BOD. Besides, bio enzymes and other additives are added to the aeration tank, which removes the complex organic matter. BOD in expected : 35 mg/L BOD out desired : 05 mg/L Tank Volume : 28 cum Size : 2100mm x 3200mm x 3000mm Depth + 1044mm x 900mm x 3000mm Depth Diffusers : Fine pore diffusers. F:M : 0.1 MLSS : 4000 Mg/Lit G. SECONDARY CLARIFIER TANK

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The mixed liquor (waste water with micro-organism) existing in the secondary aeration tank has to be clarified in a secondary clarifier tank having hopper bottom, in order to reduce the T.S.S. in the clarified water, as well as to thicken the biomass for re-circulation back to the aeration tank in order to maintain the design MLSS (Mixed Liquor Suspended Solids) Size: Tank Overflow Rate Recirculation D.P. : : 3000mm x 3000mm x 3000mm Depth : 27 Cum/sqm/Day : 75% 2 Hrs

H.SLUDGE DISPOSAL The biomass in the aeration tank stabilizes BOD in wastewater by consuming the organic matter in the wastewater. The metabolic activity results in growth of the biomass population in the aeration tank. Consequently, in order to contain the level of M.L.S.S. in the aeration tank to the design level of 4000 Mg/L, it will be necessary to bleed off or waste the excess activated sludge. For this purpose a Sludge holding tank of 20 cum capacity has been provided with filter press for dewatering sludge. Size : 2000mm x 2900mm x 3500mm Depth

I. CLARIFIED WATER SUMP The settled water from the settling tank is expected to meet the standards with respect to BOD and TSS for discharge to inland surface waters. However it is our intention to improve the quality of treated water further in order to be able to re-use. For this reason, further treatment in the form of coagulation, filtration and disinfections is proposed. The clear water from the settling tank shall be fed to clarified water tank and pumped to filters for tertiary treatment. Tank capacity Size Filter feed pump : : : 28 cum 2000mm x 5000mm x 3000mm Depth 39 Cum / hr at 25 M head.

J. PRESSURE SAND FILTER Vertical down flow type with graded gravel / sand bed. Under drain plate with polystyrene strainers. Diameter : 1000 dia Depth of media : 1000 MM Test Pressure : 5 Kg. / Sq.cm Rate of filtration : 5 Cum /Sq.m / hr.

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K. AC FILTERS As above but with 1000 mm GAC L. SOFTENER Vertical down flow type with resin. Under drain plate with polystyrene strainers. Quantity of the resin to generate zero hardness at the outlet of the softener. Diameter Depth of media Test Pressure Rate of flow : : : 1000 dia 1000 MM : 5 Kg. / Sq.cm 5 Cum /Sq.m / hr.

M. CHLORINATOR 100 Lit tank & 2 LPH Metering. N.FINAL SUMP One No. Final Sump of 110 cum capacity is also provided to hold Filtered water, before pumping to gardens and toilet flushing purpose. Online chlorination shall be done before pumping for end use. Size 4000mm Depth O. PLANT PIPING AND ELECTRICAL Plant piping shall include all pipes, fittings, valves, controllers etc. The electrical shall include a motor control center, necessary cabling, earthing etc. The equipment shall be designed to facilitate ease of inspection, cleaning and repairs for use in installations where continuity of operation is of prime importance. ******* : 3100mm x 3100mm x 4000mm Depth + 5300mm x 3500mm x

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FLOW CHART Flow 110 cum/day BAR SCREEN CHAMBER

EQUALISATION TANK Filtrate AERATION TANK

CLARIFIER SECONDARY AERATION TANK SLUDGE PIT SLUDGE FOR FURTHER DISPOSAL THROUGH FILTER PRESS

SECONDARY CLARIFIER

CLARIFIED TANK IRRIGATION

TERTIARY TREATMENT PLANT

TREATED WATER TANK

FLUSHING

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WATER BALANCE SHEET From BWSSB Source Fresh water 96 Cum/Day 67 Cu.m Domestic 96 Cum/day

Flushing 42 Cum/day

TOTAL 138 Cum/day

STP 110 Cum/day (After 80% diversity)

Landscape Irrigation 5 Cu.m

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Subject : Solid Waste Quantities & Disposal


Sl. No. Description of Module Office Population including visitors No of Rooms /Persons Per capita Considered (in kg/day) Total Organic Waste (in MT/day) Total inorganic Waste (in MT/day)

2700 Total

0.5 0.5

0.162 0.162

0.378 0.378

Sl. No. 1 2 2

Description of Waste InOrganic Garbage Organic Garbage STP Sludge

Quantity 0.378 MT/Day 0.162 MT/Day 4 Kg/Day

Method of Collection Manual Manual Manual

Mode of Disposal Municipal Authority approved agency Municipal Authority approved agency On Own Land for Gardening

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ANNEXURE-1 Project : Bennett Coleman & Company Limited, Times Of India Corporate

Office, Bangalore.
Sub : Water supply calculation Type of Building Area Total Population for 2 shifts (for Office) Visitors Office building 16,783 sqm 2500 200 Office 45 2500 112500 15 200 3000 115500 Domestic cold w/s lpcd 30 2500 75000 10 200 2000 77000 Domestic w/s 10000 87000 8700 95.7 96 38500 3850 42.35 42 Flushing w/s lpcd 15 2500 37500 5 200 1000 38500 Flushing w/s

Total population Water supply (A)

Visitors Water supply (B) Total (A + B)

Filter Backwash Total (A + B + C) Add 10% for incidentals (Lts) Total water supply (Cum) Say (Cum) STP CAPACITY 80% OF TOTAL WATER REQUIREMENT (Cum/day) Say (Cum/day) U.G SUMP Fire water storage (Cum/day) Domestic Raw water tank - 1 day (Cum /day) Treated water tank - 1 day (Cum/day)

10000 125500 12550 138.05 138 110.4 110 200

96

96

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RE-USE OF STP TREATED WATER For Flushing in Cum,/day For irrigation in Cum,/day For HVAC in Cum,/day Total in Cum/day OHT Fire water storage (Cum/day) Treated water tank - Half day (Cum/day) Flushing water tank - half day (Cum/day) HVAC Water Requirement Cum/day

42 5 63 110

40 48 21 63

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