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Cun "Tm tt cc bo co khoa hc Hi ngh KHCN mi trng" thng 10/2007 c son tho da trn cc Tm tt (Abstract) ca cc bi bo gi n Hi ngh. Ti liu c chia lm 2 phn: Khoa hc v cng ngh mi trng v Qun l v o to mi trng. Th t cc bi bo ch yu da vo th t bi nhn c. Nhm son tho ti liu c nhim v pht hin v hiu chnh mt s s sut v chnh t trong cc tm tt gi n. Tuy nhin do thi gian c hn nn vic hiu chnh cha c hon ho. Mong cc tc gi thng cm v gp nhn xt. Xin chn thnh cm n!

Hi Phng, thng 10/2007

KHOA HC V CNG NGH MI TRNG

01 TNH TRNG NHIM MI TRNG DO TU BIN GY RA V CC GII PHP GIM THIU NHIM MI TRNG ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION BY SHIPS AND SOLUTIONS TO MITIGATE ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Nguyn i An, Phm Hu Tn Khoa My tu bin -Trng i hc Hng hi Vit nam

TM TT: Hin nay i tu bin ca chng ta ang pht trin nhanh chng c v s lng v kch c, tuy nhin tnh trng nhim mi trng bin do tu gy ra l mt vn ng bo ng. Bi bo i phn tch nguyn nhn gy nhim mi trng bin do tu gy ra v mt s gii php thc hin i vi tu v cc ch tu nhm gim thiu nhim mi trng bin do tu bin gy ra.

ABSTRACT: Today our ship fleets are developing very quickly at both quantity and size of ships, but marine environmental pollution by ships is an alarming problem. The article analyses the cause of marine environmental pollution by ships and gives solutions to ships and shipowners to decrease marine environmental pollution.

02 QUAN H GIA CC CHUN S M T QU TRNH 3

KH HO TRU LP SI C CC HT TR

RELATION BETWEEN DIMENSIONLESS CRITERIONS DESCRIBING GASIFICATION OF RICE HUSK IN IMMOVABLE GRAINS FLUID BED

Trn Ngc Tn 1, Nguyn Minh Tuyn 2 1- S Khoa hc v Cng ngh thnh ph H Ch Minh 2- B mn Ho hc, i hc Xy dng H Ni ABSTRACT: The gasification of rice husk in immovable grains fluid bed is very complicated. The influence factors of this process are Reynolds - criterion, Prandlt - criterion, Stanton - criterion, Fanning criterion, Euler- criterion and other criterions. A relation between the dimensionless criterions for describing this gasification is obtained in this publication. The parameters of this relation are determined in the concrete conditions. 03 NGHIN CU X L NC THI NH MY SN XUT BOARD MCH IN T

STUDY ON TREATMENT OF WASTE WATER FROM ELECTRONIC BOARD MANUFACTURING COMPANY

inh Th Thy Hng, Trn Th Vn Thy Ng Kim nh, Phm Th Dng 4

B mn K thut mi trng - Khoa MTB - Trng H Hng hi VN

TM TT: Nc thi sau m ng ca nh my sn xut Board mch in t c cha CuCl2 v HCl nng rt cao. y l cht thi lng nguy hi cn phi c x l trc khi thi ra ngun nc mt. Bi bo thng bo kt qu nghin cu x l nc thi sau m bng phng php trung ho vi cc tc nhn trung ho NaOH, Na2CO3 v sa vi. T la chn tc nhn trung ho thch hp nht m bo li ch kinh t cao nht v an ton v mi trng.

ABSTRACT: Electronic board manufacturing which is a very important step in technology creating informative and electronic equipment was applied with copper electroplated method. CuCl2 and HCl and other additives were used as a solution to coat plasticplates. After coating, waste water contains CuCl2 and HCl in very high concentration. This is hazardous liquid waste which should be treated to recover copper and also to protect the environment. 04 NGHIN CU X L NC THI DT NHUM BNG H2O2 DI TC DNG HOT HO CA PHC Co2+ - AXIT XITRIC STUDY ON TREATMENT OF DYING WASTE WATER BY H2O2 UNDER CATALYTIC ACTION OF THE COMPLEX Co (II) CITRIC ACID Nguyn Vn Dng 1, Trn Th Mai 1, Nguyn vn Xuyn 2 1-Trng i hc Dn Lp Hi Phng, 2-Trng i hc Bch 5

khoa HN TM TT: Bi bo ny trnh by kt qu x l mu v x l COD ca nc thi dt nhum bng vic s dng cht oxy ho H2O2 di tc dng xc tc ca phc Co2+ - axit Xitric trong h: Co2+ - Axit Xitric - Nc thi dt nhum. tm cc iu kin ti u trong qu trnh x l, chng ti kho st hiu sut x l COD v x l mu ca nc thi dt nhum vo cc yu t nh nng ca cc cht: Co 2+, H4L, H2O2, pH v thi gian.

ABSTRACT: This paper presents the results of our study on treatment of COD and Color of Dying Waste Water by using H2O2 under catalytic action of the complex Co(II) citric acid HOOCCH2C(OH)(COOH)CH2COOH (H4L) in the system: Co2+H4L - H2O2 - Dying Waste Water. To find the optimal conditions in process treatment we have examined the influence of effect treatment (COD and color of Dying Waste Water) on the factors such as concentrations of Co2+, H4L, H2O2, pH and time.

05 XC TC PHC XU HNG HIN I TRONG X L NC THI COMPLEX CATALYSIS A MODERN TREND IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT Nguyn Xun Sang 1, Phan Th Ngc Thu 1 ; Ng Kim nh 1, V Th Kim Loan 2, Nguyn Vn Xuyn 3 1-Trng i hc Hng hi Vit Nam 2-Trng i hc Y Hi Phng 3-Trng i hc Bch khoa H Ni 6

TM TT: Hin nay nhim do nc thi - c bit l nc thi cha cht nhim hu c ang l vn bc xc ca cc th ln, chng thng gy tc ng xu ti mi trng. C nhiu bin php khc nhau x l. Vic s dng O2 khng kh, H2O2 vi xc tc phc - da trn m hnh xc tc sinh hc s l s la chn hp l, hiu qu v an ton. Bi bo ny gii thiu qu trnh x l nc thi nhim cht hu c bng H2O2 vi xc tc phc [Mn(HL)(HCO3)].

ABSTRACT: At the present time, pollution from wastewater - especially from the waste water containing organic substances in high content is becoming one of the most difficult problems of many big cities as they often caused bad impacts on our environment. There are a lot of different treatment methods. Using O2 of air, H2O2 with complex catalyst on the basis of biological catalysis model proves to be a suitable, effective and safe choice. This article presents the process of waste water treatment containing organic substances in high content by H2O2 and complex catalyst [Mn (HL) (HCO3)].

06 X L ASEN TRONG NC NGM BNG QU TRNH XI HO KT HP HP PH TRN FeOOH HNH THNH TRONG QU TRNH X L NC

ARSENIC REMOVAL FROM 7

GROUNDWATER BY OXIDATION FOLLOWING BY ADSORPTION PROCESS ON IN-SITU FORMED FeOOH

Cao Th H, V Ngc Duy, V Th Thanh Tm, Trng Th Min Trung tm cng ngh mi trng v pht trin bn vng (CETASD), Trng HKHTN - HQG HN

TM TT: nghin cu kh nng x l As trong nc ngm ti tiu chun v sinh n ung l 10 g/L bng phng php xi ho - hp ph trn FeOOH hnh thnh trong qu trnh lm thong - lc st. chng minh c rng vi qu trnh lm thong (xi ho st) - lc st thng thng, vi nng Fe (II) ln ti 8 mg /L khng th x l As t tiu chun. Qu trnh xi ho As (III) bng KMnO 4, Cl2, H2O2 cng vi qu trnh thu phn Fe (III) to kt ta FeOOH dn n s xi ho As (III) ln As (V), ng thi s hp ph As (V) trn FeOOH mi to thnh cho php x l As ti tiu chun cho php. chng minh c rng FeOOH mi to thnh ng vai tr quyt nh trong qu trnh hp ph, x l As, tui ca cn FeOOH cng ln, kh nng x l As (III) cng gim.

ABSTRACT: Possibility of arsenic (III) removal from groundwater to meet drinking water standard of 10 g/L in conventional Fe-removal by aeration-iron filtration process was investigated. The process of simultaneous oxidation of Fe (II), As (III) and adsorption of oxidized As (V) on in-situ formed FeOOH was proposed and checked. It proves that raw water containing of about 200 g/L As (III) even at as high as 8 mg/L of Fe (II) conventional aeration adsorption process could not produce water at the standard of 10 8

g/L As. Meanwhile As was removed exclusively by As (III) adsorption on in-situ formed FeOOH, As (III) was not oxidized. The process of As (III) removal was enhanced by addition of small amount of oxidants like KMnO4, NaClO, and H2O2. In these cases, along with Fe (II) oxidation to form solid FeOOH rapid oxidation of As (III) into As (V) occurred. As (V) showed excellent adsorption capacity on newly formed solid FeOOH, leading to enhance As removal. As removal rate order was: KMnO4 > NaClO > H2O2, and target As concentration of 10 g/L could be achieved. It proves that the older the FeOOH, the worse As removal.

07 M T QU TRNH X L THU NGN TRONG NC THI NH M HNH THNG K

DESCRIBING TREATMENT OF MERCURY IN WASTEWATER BY STATISTIC MATHEMATICAL MODEL

Nguyn Minh Tuyn 1, Nguyn Xun Sinh 2 1-B mn Ho ho, i hc Xy dng H Ni 2-V Khoa hc, Cng ngh v mi trng b Cng thng

ABSTRACT: The article shows the statistic mathematical model for the 9

treatment of mercury in wastewater. The relation between the output concentration of mercury and the influence factors are described in this model.

08 GII PHP X L GIM NHIM KH THI T NG C DIESEL TU THY

FEASIBLE SOLUTIONS TO REDUCE AIR POLUTION FROM MARINE DIESEL ENGINE EMISSIONS

L Vn im Khoa My tu bin -Trng i hc Hng hi

TM TT: Bi bo cp vn nhim khng kh t kh x ca ng c diesel tu thy. Tm lc mt s hng cng ngh nhm gim thiu nhim, c bit mt s gii php kh thi trong iu kin Vit Nam.

ABSTRACT: In the paper, the problem of air pollution from diesel engine exhausted gas has been revised. Technologies, equipment for air pollution prevention are introduced with more stress on feasible solutions to NOx reduction in conditions of Vietnam. 10

09 KH NNG LM SCH NC BIN CA RONG SN (Kappaphycus alvarazii (Doty))

APTITUTE FOR DIMINISHING POLLUTION IN SEA WATER OF Kappaphycus alvazezii (doty)

Phm Vn Lng, o Vit Tc, m c Tin Trung tm Nghin cu, T vn Ti nguyn v Mi trng bin

ABSTRACT: Marine algae are group of botanical ancestor on the sea water; they have had the aptitude for diminishing pollution in the sea water. Thus, in 80 years of XX century, Human has made use of it to diminish pollution in the sea water. Recently, in Vietnam, there have had some studies on the aptitude for absorbing some nutrients from the sea water of marine algae. Especially, in Cat Ba archipelago, the aquaculture in floatcage has been very strongly developed and it was eliminated so much organic-nutrient to the sea water. It is one of the causes of marine pollution. Thus, the study on the aptitude for diminishing pollution in the sea water of marine algae is necessary. For assessment, the aptitude for diminishing pollution in the sea water of Kappaphycus alvazazii (Doty), Centre for Research, Consultation on Marine Resources and Environment, (Vietnam Union of Science and Technology Association) has carried out the project: The experimental on waster water treatment by 11

Kappaphycus alvazazii (Doty) from 2006 until 2007. The survey and sampling for determining parameters of seawater quality were performed at 0h, 6h, 12h and 24h (from beginning of the experiment). The parameters researching are Temperature, Salinity, Turbidity, pH, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD5), Ammonia (NH4+), Nitrite (NO2-), Nitrate (NO3-), Phosphate (PO4-3). The results of study showed that: - Ammonia, Nitrate, Phosphate concentrations in the sea water in the study area were extended the permitted standard, according to ASEAN criteria, averagely by 2 to 3 times. - The turbidity was lessened at early 6 hours of the experiment, approximate 17%, - The pH value was rapidly increased at early 6 hours of the experiment, approximate 0.62 units, - The content of Dissolved Oxygen (DO) was very rapidly increased at early 6 hours of the experiment, approximate 129 %, - The Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD5) value was lessened at early 12 hours of the experiment, approximate 23 %, - The content of Ammonia (NH4+) was very rapidly lessened at early 12 hours of the experiment, approximate 80 %, - The content of Nitrite (NO2-) was very rapidly lessened at early 12 hours of the experiment, approximate 54 %, - The content of Phosphat (PO4-3) was lessened at early 24 hours of the experiment, approximate 36 %, - The content of Nitrate (NO3-) was lessened at early 24 hours of the experiment, approximate 21 %.

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NGHIN CU S TO PHC NG HC V C CH CA PHN NG PHN HU H2O2 TRONG H H2O-Mn2+ -DETAH2O2

STUDY ON COMPLEX FORMATION, KINETICS AND MECHANISM OF H2O2 - DECOMPOSITION REACTION IN SYSTEM H2O - Mn2+ - DETA - H2O2

Nguyn Quang Tuyn 1, ng Xun Tp 2, Ng Kim nh 3, Nguyn Vn Xuyn 4 1-B T lnh Hi qun, 2-B T lnh Ho hc 3-Trng i hc Hng hi, 4-Trng i hc Bch khoa H Ni

TM TT: Bi bo trnh by nhng kt qu nghin cu v s to phc ca Mn2+ vi Dietylentriamin (DETA) trong h: H2O-Mn2+-DETAH2O2 (1). Phc cht ca Mn2+ vi DETA c dng lm xc tc cho phn ng phn hu H2O2 trong h (1). Xc nh cc iu kin ti u ca phn ng nh: pH, nng ca: Mn2+, DETA v H2O2. Cc kt qu thc nghim cho php ta xy dng m hnh ng hc phn ng phn hu H2O2 trong h nghin cu. Bng cch s dng cc cht c ch thch hp nh axit Ascorbic v Hydroquinon chng minh phn ng phn hu H2O2 din ra theo c ch mch gc, t m t cc giai on phn ng. ABSTRACT: This article presents the results of complex formation of Mn2+ with Diethylenetriamine (DETA) in the system: H2O - Mn2+ DETA - H2O2. The complex of Mn2+ with DETA has been used as catalyst for H2O2 - decomposition reaction in the system (1). The 13

optical reaction conditions such as pH-range, concentrations of Mn2+, DETA and H2O2 travel have been determined. The experimental results have allowed establishing the model of the experimental kinetics for the H2O2 decomposition reaction catalyzed by - complex of Mn2+ with DETA in this system. By using acid Ascorbic and Hydroquinone as a suitable inhibitors has proved that the reaction follows a radical chain mechanism. The schema of reaction mechanism was established.

11 TI U HO QU TRNH X L KIM LOI NNG TRONG NC THI SN XUT PIN

OPTIMIZING TREATMENT OF HEAVY METALS FROM WASTEWATER OF BATTERY MANUFACTURING Nguyn Minh Tuyn 1, Nguyn Xun Sinh 2, Nguyn Khang 3 1-B mn Ho hc, HXD H Ni 2-V Khoa hc cng ngh v mi trng B Cng thng 3-Khoa Cng ngh Ho hc, i hc Bch Khoa H Ni

ABSTRACT: The paper presents optimizing the treatment of the with tow heavy metals in wastewater. Optimal regimes are established under the Harrington method.

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NGHIN CU KH NNG HP PH MT S KIM LOI (NG, CADMI, CH) TRN VT LIU HP PH CH TO T THN CY SNG

STUDY ON ADSORPTION Cu2+, Cd2+, Pb2+ ON ADSORP MATERIAL MADE FROM TRUNK OF WATER-LILY Trn Th Vn Thy1, Phm Th Dng2 1- Cng ty TNHH Cng nghip vt liu m Nam Triu 2 - B mn K thut mi trng - Khoa MTB - Trng H Hng hi VN TM TT: Hp ph l mt trong cc phng php ho l c p dng x l kim loi nng kh hiu qu v ang thu ht c s quan tm ca nhiu nh khoa hc. tn dng ngun vt liu t nhin sn c gp phn vo vic bo v mi trng, bi bo thng bo kt qu nghin cu kh nng hp ph mt s kim loi nng (ng, cadmi, ch) trn thn cy sng.

ABSTRACT: Adsorption is one of many physico-chemical methods which were applied to treat wastewater contain heavy metals. This draws the concern of scientists. In order to make use of natural materials to serve the purpose of environmental protection, this article presents some results of the study on adsorption Cu, Cd, Pb on adsorp material made from trunk of water-lily.

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NGHIN CU KH NNG TCH LOI Cr(VI) V Ni(II) TRONG NC THI BNG VT LIU HP PH THAN OXY HO

STUDY ON CLEAVABLE POSSIBILITY OF Cr(VI) AND Ni(II) FROM WASTE WATER BY ADSORPTION MATERALS OXYDAZING CARBON

Nguyn Thanh T 1, Nguyn Th Kim Dung 2 1-H Hng hi Vit Nam, 2-H Dn lp Hi Phng

TM TT: Bi bo trnh by kt qu nghin cu kh nng hp ph ca than oxy ho i vi Cr(VI) v Ni(II) trong dung dch nc. xc nh c iu kin ti u qu trnh hp ph Cr(IV) v Ni(II) ln vt liu: thi gian t cn bng hp ph Cr(VI) v Ni(II) l 2 -3 h; Ch s pH ca dung dch Cr(VI) l 2,5 v dung dch Ni(II) l 5; ti trng hp ph cc i qmaxNi(II) = 41,5 mg/g v qmaxCr(VI) = 50 mg/g. Kh nng tch loi Cr(VI), Ni(II) v kh nng ti sinh ca vt liu kh cao (> 97 %).

ABSTRACT: The article presents the researching results of the adsorption possibility of oxidazing carbon for Cr(VI) and Ni(II) in the water solution. The optimal conditons of the Cr(VI) and Ni(II) adsorption on the oxydazing carbon have been determined as follows: Time to achieve adsorption equilibrium for Cr(VI) and Ni(II) is about 2-3 hours; pH index of Cr(VI) solution is about 2,5 and Ni(II) solution about 5; optimal loading capacity of the adsorption: qmaxNi(II) = 41,5 mg/g and qmaxCr(VI) = 50 mg/g. The cleaving possibility for Cr(VI), 16

Ni(II) and reprocessing possibility of material are very high (> 97%).

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14 GIM THIU NHIM MI TRNG KH QUYN T KH X NG C IZEN MINIMIZING AIR POLLUTION FROM EXHAUSTED GAS OF DIESEL ENGINE Nguyn Hng Phc Ttrng i hc Hng hi Vit Nam

TM TT: Gim thiu nhim mi trng t ng c izen lun l mt trong nhng nhim v quan trng hng u trong thit k ng mi, sa cha v khai thc tu thu. Trong qu trnh khai thc ng c izen vi ng c c thi gian hot ng ln th hm lng cc cht gy nhim mi trng sinh ra s nhiu. gim thiu nhim mi trng t kh x ng c th cn phi thy r c ch hnh thnh cc cht gy nhim mi trng v t c cc gii php. Bi bo ny trnh by kt qu nghin cu bng thc nghim trong mt s trng hp th nghim trn ng c izen lai my pht in v nu ra bin php gim thiu nhim mi trng khng kh t kh x ca ng c izen.

ABSTRACT: Minimizing the ambient emissions from diesel engine has always been the most important duty in new building design, repairing and operating. In the operational process of diesel engine, the engine which has much working time will make many ambient emissions. To solve this matter, we must know the forming mechanism of ambient emissions well and find out the abilities to limit influences on the ambient emissions from diesel engine. This 18

article presents the results of experiment with some changes on diesel engines, which will be used to improve the ambient emissions from diesel engine.

15 NGHIN CU PHNG PHP QUANG PH HP TH NGUYN T XC NH HM LNG MT S KIM LOI NNG TRONG NC BIN STUDY ON ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROMETRY TO DETERMINE CONTENT OF HEAVY METALS IN SEA WATER inh Th Thu Hng 1, Bi ng Thanh 2 1-Trung tm o to v t vn KHCN bo v mi trng thu 2- Trung tm Quan trc - Phn tch mi trng bin Hi Qun TM TT: Quang ph hp th nguyn t (AAS) l mt phng php hin i xc nh cc kim loi nng hm lng vt v c s dng trong nghin cu ny xc nh hm lng Ch v Cadimi trong mu nc bin sau khi c x l bng phng php trao i ion. Kt qu nghin cu c so snh vi phng php tin x l khc (chit lng - lng) khng nh hiu qu phng php. ABSTRACT: Atomic absorption spectrometry is a modern method to determine heavy metals in trace content. In this research, it is used to determine Lead and Cadmium in sea water with pretreatment of ion exchange. The result is compared with another pretreatment 19

(liquid - liquid extraction) to affirm the methods efficiency. 16 NH GI NH HNG V QU TRNH THCH NGHI CA VI SINH VT OXY HA AMONI VI MI TRNG C MUI ASSESSMENT OF EFFECT OF SALINITY AND ACCLIMATIZATION OF AMMONIUM OXIDATION BACTERIAL IN ENVIRONMENT CONTAINING SALT Nguyen Viet Hoang 1, Pham Tuan Linh 1 Le Van Cat 2, Nguyen Hong Khanh 1 1- Institute Chemistry - Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology 2- Institute of Environmental Technology Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology

ABSTRACT: Several types of wastewater containing salt with various concentrations need to be treated to remove nitrogen. The negative impact of salt on biological activity of nitrifies and their acclimatization with new environment was investigated. With the experiment on the effect of salinity, ammonium oxidation rate decreases following line function when salinity increases. The results of adjustability shows that the salt content up to 6 has nearly no impact on the activity of micro organism, slight effect from 12 15 of salt, and strong effect when salt concentration is over 20. Results also points out that it takes certain time for microorganism to acclimatize with new environment.

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17 M HNH HO TON HC S PHT TRIN CA TO TRONG CA SNG ALGAE BIOMASS DEVELOPMENT IN ESTUARY MODELIZING IN MATHEMATICS

ng Xun Hin Vin Khoa hc v Cng ngh Mi trng, i hc Bch khoa H ni

ABSTRACT: The main objective of this paper is to present the results of 2D numerical simulation of algae biomass in estuaries. The modeling aspects of algae biomass in estuary like flow, algae concentration and the influence of the physical factors, hydro biological and hydro chemical processes are presented. The biological process interacts with the physical and thermal mechanisms. Emphasis is on dissolved oxygen and its related processes involving primary production of phytoplankton (photosynthesis), algae growth kinetics, respiration, death, and other related processes in the system such as nutrients, lights, water temperature, photosynthesis inhibition, predators,...in the aquatic ecosystem. The governing equations with initial and boundary conditions are discussed and the numerical solution technique is proposed. The method of finite elements is used for numerical 21

computation of 2D-algae model in estuary. The numerical simulation results of flow and algae concentration tested against several one-dimensional analytical solutions. This model allows the temporal and spatial prediction of unsteady flow characteristics, as well as the distribution of algae in estuaries. The model is used for simulation of algae in Van Uc estuary. 18 M HNH THNG K M T NG HC KT TINH CACO3

STATISTIC MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF CRYSTALIZATION SPEED OF CALCIUM CARBONATE

Nguyn Minh Tuyn, Nguyn Th H B mn Ho hc, i hc Xy dng H Ni

ABSTRACT: The report shows the statistic mathematical model of the crystallization speed of the calcium carbonate. The reference factors include sodium carbonate and chloride calcium concentrations, surface substance amount, active time and stirring speed. 19 NH MY X L NC THI TIN CH PRE-ENGINEERED WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS

V Vn Quyt, Vi Th Thm, Cao Th Anh, L Vn Chiu, Cao Th H 22

Trung tm cng ngh MT & pht trin BV (CETASD)Trng i hc Khoa hc T nhin - HQG HN

ABSTRACT: Package plants are getting more and more popular not only in drinking water treatment, but also in wastewater treatment. There are some processes used to design such kinds of facilities. They are extended to aeration, contact stabilization, SBR, RBC, oxidation ditch, BMR, physico-chemical treatment etc. In this report, two options for pre-engineered wastewater treatment plant were studied. It reveales that plant based on principle of Japanese Jokaso using contact stabilization by biological submerged anaerobic and aerobic filters was well suited for on-site treatment of hospital or similar wastewaters. Although relatively high cost of investment, MBR is another promising option with the best effluents quality, that can be re-used to reduce the treatment cost.

20 NGHIN CU S DNG KHONG DIATOMIT V BENTONIT VO VIC X L MT VI KIM LOI NNG TRONG NC THI

STUDY ON USING SOME NATURAL MATERIALS (DIATOMIT AND BENTONIT) IN REMOVING HEAVY METALS FROM WASTEWATER Nguyn Ngc Khang B mn Ho hc - i hc Hng hi Vit Nam 23

TM TT: Bi bo trnh by vn nghin cu s dng cc khong t nhin (diatomit v bentonit) bin tnh x l mt vi kim loi nng trong nc b nhim nhm bo v mi trng v bo v sc kho ngi lao ng.

ABSTRACT: The article exposes the study on using some natural materials of diatomite and bentonite to separate heavy metals from wastewater, aiming at protecting the environment and workers health.

21 NH GI HIU QU X L BOD5 V COD TRONG NC THI SINH HOT BNG PHNG PHP JOHKASOU

ASSESSING EFFECTIVENESS OF TREATING BOD5 AND COD IN DOMESTIC WASTE WATER UNDER JOHKASOU

N guyn Mai Hoa 24

Trng i hc M - a cht

TM TT: Hin nay, nhim mi trng do nc thi sinh hot ang l vn bc xc nc ta, c bit l hu ht cc khu du lch v trn cc phng tin giao thng ng di (tu ho, tu thu) hin cha c h thng thu gom v x l nc thi sinh hot. Do vy, m bo mi trng sng trong sch, chng ta cn u t hp l cho vic x l nc thi sinh hot trc khi thi ra mi trng. Johkasou l mt phng php x l nc thi c p dng ph bin Nht Bn. Phng php ny t ra c hiu qu kh cao. Trong phm vi nghin cu ca ti ny, tc gi tp trung vo nh gi hiu qu x l nc thi sinh hot bng phng php Johkasou thng qua 2 ch tiu c bn l BOD 5 v COD lm c s cho nghin cu ch to Toilet t x l. Cc kt qu nghin cu cho thy: - Nc thi sau qu trnh x l c hm lng BOD5 v COD t tiu chun loi B. Nng BOD5 v COD gim r rt sau ngn lc ym kh v lc hiu kh. - T l gia lng COD/BOD5 c x l tng ng vi t l gia lng COD/BOD5 trong nc thi u vo. - T l gia lng COD/BOD5 c x l kh n nh ti mi qu trnh trong h thng x l. Cc kt qu trn cho thy c th p dng phng php Johkasou ch to h thng Toilet t x l lp t rng ri cc khu vc phi tp trung, khu du lch, trn cc phng tin giao thng. H thng ny s em li hiu qu cao v mt kinh t - x hi cng nh mi trng.

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ABSTRACT: Nowadays, environmental pollution caused by domestic waste water is a serious problem in our country. Especially, tourist sites and long-distance vehicles such as train, ship, etc. have not had a specific system to collect and treat domestic waste water. Thus, to guarantee a healthy environment, it is necessary to invest properly in treating domestic waste water before pouring into the environment. Johkasou is a method used widely in Japan to treat domestic waste water. Many good results have gained under this method. In the scope of this research, the author focused on assessing the effectiveness of treating domestic waste water under Johkasou. The assessment is based on two basic criteria, BOD5 and COD. The obtained results show that: - Waste water after treating process has the content of BOD5 and COD that can meet B standard. The proportion of BOD5 and COD reduces considerably after aerobic processes and anaerobic processes. - The rate of COD/BOD5 treated is rather equal to the rate of COD/BOD5 in the input water. - The rate of COD/BOD5 treated is quite stable at each stage in the treating system. These above results show that Johkasou can be applied to construct the system of toilets, which would be installed widely in sparsely populated areas, tourist sites, and in traffic vehicles. This system would bring about great benefits in socio-economic as well as environmental aspects. 22 NGHIN CU QUY TRNH X L NC THI NHUM BNG PHNG PHP KEO T KT HP VI OXY HA C XC TC VI TC NHN OXY HA H2O2 26

STUDY ON WASTEWATER TREATMENT OF DYEING UNDER FLOCCULATION COMBINING WITH CATALYTIC OXYGENATION BY PEROXYT

Phm Th Dng B mn K thut mi trng - Khoa MTB - Trng H Hng hi VN

TM TT: Bi bo thng bo kt qu nghin cu x l nc thi nhum bng phng php keo t kt hp oxy ha xc tc vi tc nhn oxy ha H2O2 v xut s cng ngh x l.

ABSTRACT: This article provides some results of the study on wastewater treatment of dyeing under flocculation combining catalytic oxygenation by peroxide and proposes technical diagram for treatment. 23 CNG NGH X L NC NHIM DO NUI TRNG THY SN BNG RONG SN TECHNOLOGY OF TREATING POLLUTED WATER DUE TO RAISING AQUATIC PRODUCTS BY GROWING KAPPAPHICUS ALVAREZII

Phan Trung Qu 1, Ng Kim nh 2 1- i hc Nng nghip I, 2 - i hc Hng hi 27

ABSTRACT: Aquiculture is an economic sector which brings about great benefits but has caused sea pollution. Using Kappaphicus alvarezii to reduce the pollution is profitable and has a good result. This paper provides a method of planting Kappaphicus alvarezii in poluted water caused by rearing aquatic products. 24 NGHIN CU NG HC QU TRNH CC HP CHT DINH DNG V HU C TRONG H THNG LC SINH HC TUN HON TI S DNG NC MN (28-32%) P DNG CHO NG NUI C BIN NUTRIENT DYNAMIC IN SEAWATER BIOFITER RECIRCULATING AQUACULTURE TANK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS

Nguyn Th Thu Hin Vin Nghin cu Nui trng Thu sn TM TT: Lm sch nc thi sau ng nui qua h thng b lc sinh hc l qu trnh v c ho cc hp cht hu c nh h vi sinh vt trong h thng b lc. Qu trnh c th nghim v quan trc vi giai on c pht trin ln (10-15cm), lng thc n tha v cht thi nhiu nh gi hiu sut ca qu trnh lc sch. Kt qu bc u cho thy kh nng lc sch ca b lc sinh hc kh tt, kh nng tun hon nc mn tt. i vi hp cht hu c d phn hu c v c ho gn nh hon ton v khng b tch lu. i vi hp cht hu c kh phn hu b tch lu sau mt khong thi gian tun hon. V vy, cn thay nc mi sau mt thi gian s dng tun hon nc. 28

ABSTRACT: Decreasing nutrient concentration in culture rearing water by Seawater Biofilter Recirculation Aquaculture Tank System (SBRATS) is nutrient inorganic processes due to microbiology systems of biofilter tanks. When fish reach 10 -15cm, we carried out experiment and monitoring. Simultaneously, residual food and wastes are highest quality. The first results shows that SBRATS operated well. Unstable organic nutrients became complete inorganic and did not accumulate. Inorganic processes of stable nutrients werent complete so stable nutrients accumulated. For this reason, new water after long time recirculation should be exchanged. 25 SOME EXAMPLES OF USING A COMBINATION OF ONLINE AND OFF-LINE CHROMATOGRAPHIC AND SPECTROSCOPIC METHODS IN ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND IN SCREENING OF SECONDARY METABOLITES FROM MICRO-ORGANISMS L.H. Pham 1 In Cooperation with W. Rotard 2 and C. Muegge 3 1- Berlin University of Technology, Institute of Ecology 2-Berlin University of Technology, Inst. of Environmental Technology 3-Humboldt University, Institute of Chemistry

ABSTRACT: One example of our research concerning environmental investigation is the rapid identification of the intermediates obtained from biological and chemical treatment reactions of reactive dyes by 29

using a combination of on-line couplings LC-DAD-ESI-MS and onflow LC-UV-NMR. The mutual completion of structure information delivered by the spectroscopic methods UV/VIS, MS and NMR is of special importance for rapid identification of the intermediates directly in reaction mixtures.

26 TNG QUAN GIA NNG As, Cd TRONG S MERETRIX MERETRIX, TRONG NC V TRM TCH CA BIN

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN As, Cd CONCENTRATIONS IN OYSTER MERETRIX MERETRIX, IN ESTUARINE WATER AND SEDIMENT Phm Vn Thim 1, Bi ng Thanh 2 1-Trng i hc Bch Khoa H Ni 2-Trung tm Quan trc - Phn tch Mi trng bin Hi Qun

ABSTRACT: This research paper aims at As, Cd baseline concentrations in oyster (Meretrix meretrix) as they relate to concentrations in water column and sediment in Thai Binh (Viet Nam). In order to conduct these assessments, total 96 samples were collected in summer of 2007, including 80 oyster samples, 8 water samples and 8 sediment samples. The results indicate that oyster significantly bioaccumulates As, Cd from water than those in sediment. These observations confirmed the fact that metals in water phase are biologically available to oysters and that the oysters can be used as 30

good indicators of spatial variation of the heavy metals in aquatic system.

27 NGHIN CU THM D KH NNG X L FTRONG NC NGM BNG ONG ng Kim Chi, Nguyn Th Thu Thy, Nguyn Th Thu Hin Vin Khoa hc v Cng ngh Mi trng- Trng H Bch Khoa H Ni TM TT: Nghin cu tin hnh thm d kh nng hp ph F- trn vt liu l ong nguyn khai vng Yn Bnh - Thch Tht - H Ty. kho st nh hng ca mt s thng s n hiu sut x l F- trong nc ngm v a ra c cc iu kin ti u: dung dch u vo cha F- c pH ban u 6,5-7,5, nng F- ban u trong dung dch l nh hn 10mg/l; ong nguyn khai c s dng c ht nh hn 2mm... th hiu sut x l t c 95% - 99%. Ngoi vic x l F- t tiu chun cho php, hm lng kim loi nng trong mu nc nh As, Fe, Mn, Cu, Pb, Zn khi hp ph bng ong u t tiu chun cho php. T kt qu thu c a ra m hnh thit b x l F- trong nc ngm cho h gia nh 4 - 5 ngi vi gi thnh ph hp vi iu kin h gia nh nng thn. Nghin cu ny l c s cho cc nghin cu tip theo x l cc anion v cation nhim trong nc ngm bng cc loi vt liu sn c trong t nhin v chi ph thp, p ng c thc t yu cu ca x hi v cc vn nhim nc ngm gn y trong nc.

31

QUN L V O TO MI TRNG

32

28 NO VT CNG HI PHNG V MT S NH HNG CA N N MI TRNG V H SINH THI BIN

DREDGING IN HAI PHONG PORT AND SOME IMPACTS ON MARINE ENVIRONMENT AND ECOSYSTEMS

Bi Vn Vng, Trn c Thnh, Th Thu Hng, Cao Th Thu Trang Vin Ti nguyn v Mi trng bin TM TT: Cng Hi Phng l cng ln th 2 ca Vit Nam (sau cng Si Gn). y l cng c tm quan trng rt ln i vi nn kinh t khu vc min Bc. Cng c xy dng dc theo sng Cm v sng Bch ng, ngay st khu Di sn Thin nhin Th gii Vnh H Long v Khu d tr Sinh quyn th gii Ct B. y l vng c a dng sinh hc cao vi cc h sinh thi bin nhit i c th nh h sinh thi rng ngp mn, h sinh thi c bin, h sinh thi vng triu y mm, h sinh thi rn san h. Cc hot ng ca cng, trong c no vt lung lch tc ng n mi trng v h sinh thi trong khu vc. Tuy nhin, cc nh hng ny vn cha c xem xt nh gi. Bi vit ny, bc u cung cp ci nhn tng quan v nh hng ca qu trnh no vt n mi trng v h sinh thi v a ra mt s kin ngh gim thiu nh hng ca no vt lung lch n mi trng v cc h sinh thi trong vng.

33

ABSTRACT: Hai Phong port is the second largest in Viet Nam (after Saigon port), and the most important in the economy in the North of the country. The port was built along the Cam and the Bach Dang estuary, near the World Natural Heritage of Ha Long Bay and the World Biosphere Reserve - Cat Ba. Ecologically, this is a high biodiversity area with typical tropical marine ecosystems like mangrove forest, sea grass, soft bottom and coral reef ecosystem. Port activities, including channel dredging, have caused bad effects on the surrounding environment and the eco-system. However, this issue has not been evaluated yet. This paper, in the first place, gives an initial overview of some impacts of dredging on the marine environment and eco-systems and in the second place, proposes some solutions to reduce its negative effects.

29 NGUN GC DU TRN VEN BIN VIT NAM VO U NM 2007 THE ORIGINATION OF SPILLED OIL IN VIETNAM COASTAL AREA IN EARLY 2007

Trn c Thnh Vin Ti nguyn v Mi trng bin

ABSTRACT: From the end of January to the beginning of May 2007, the floating oil attached the coastal areas and some islands of 20 provinces in large scale, from Ha Tinh to the south. The consequences of this event are serious both in short term and in the 34

long run. Meanwhile the cause of spilled oil has not been determined. The existing suppositions can be divided into two main groups. Firstly, the oil comes from offshore production sites inside or outside Vietnamese Sea. Secondly, the oil may come from transportation or other nautical activities which intentionally or unintentionally have dumped oil on their routes, or shipping accidents on the sea. Besides, there are some different opinions, but little persuasion. Based on the analysis of existing information and data, the author of this paper indicates that the cause of this event does not come from any concrete perpetrator at any concrete moment, but from the annually accumulative consequences of oil wasted into the sea from different sources. Of which, the waste oil and ballast from shipping on the international nautical routes or in harbor waters are the sources of most importance. The wasted oil of multi-sources has been being accumulated into slicks, concentrating in the determined offshore waters and floating on the sea going after the relatively stable currents by seasons. The phenomena of El - Nino since last September has made the climatic turbulence and changed in hydrological structure of sea. Therefore, the offshore water bearing oil slicks has spred to coast and floating oil has been appeared in a large scale. 30 QUN L TNG HP MI TRNG BIN TRONG HOT NG HNG HI - L THUYT V THC TIN INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT FOR MARINE ENVIRONMENT IN NAUTICAL ACTIVITIES - THEORY AND PRACTICE

Ng Kim nh 1, Nguyn i An 1, Bi nh Hon 1, Trn Hu Long 1, Nguyn c Thuyt 1, Trn Anh Tun 1, Nguyn Chu Giang 2 35

1- Khoa My tu bin, trng i hc Hng hi VN 2- Cng v Hi Phng

TM TT: Qun l tng hp l mt trong nhng phng php qun l c p dng ph bin hin nay. Phng php ny c xy dng da trn c s phn tch mi tng quan gia cc ngnh. Trn c s xut chng trnh qun l chung nhm hn ch s mu thun trong qu trnh hot ng. Qun l tng hp mi trng bin trong hot ng hng hi l chng trnh c xy dng nhm mc tiu qun l nhng tc ng ti mi trng bin trong hot ng hng hi v gii quyt cc mu thun pht sinh gia ngnh hng hi vi cc ngnh khc.

ABSTRACT: Integrated management is one of the managing methods, which is in most popular application at the present time. It is designed on the basis of analyzing the relationship among authorities. Then, an integrated management program is proposed to restrict the contradictions in performance. Integrated management for marine environment in nautical activities aims at managing its impacts and solving the contradictions between Maritime and other authorities.

31 36

NHNG VN MI TRNG TRONG NGNH CNG NGHIP NG TU - THC TRNG V CC GII PHP QUN L ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS IN SHIP-BUILDING INDUSTRY - STATUS AND MANAGEMENT MEASURES

Nguyn c Thuyt B mn K thut mi trng - Khoa MTB - Trng H Hng hi VN ABSTRACT Viet Nam shipbuilding industry is one of most important economic sector which has a high velocity of development. However, this industry has caused many environmental problems by its operations. This paper presents impacts on environment caused by shipbuilding and proposes management methods aiming at environmental protection.

32 PERS V HIU QU MI TRNG CA VIC QUN L MI TRNG THEO PERS CNG HA LNG NH V
(*)

PERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTIVENESS OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EMS) ACCORDING TO PERS GUIDELINES IN DINH VU LIQUEFACTION PORT Nguyn Mnh Thng 1, Trn nh Ln 1, Thu Hng 1, Ph Th Loan 2 37

1-Vin Ti nguyn v Mi trng Bin, 2-Ban qun l cng ho lng nh V

TM TT: Trn th gii, vic qun l mi trng cc cng rt kh khn v phc tp do tnh cht rng ln ca khng gian v tnh a dng ca cc hot ng trong cng. Hin nay trn th gii c ba h thng chnh qun l mi trng cng l ISO:14000 (H thng qun l cht lng mi trng quc t), EMAS (Qun l mi trng theo tiu chun chu u) v PERS (H thng qun l mi trng cng ca Hip hi cng Bin quc t theo tiu chun sinh thi). Trong , ISO 14000 v EMAS i hi cc cng bin phi thc hin vic qun l cht lng mi trng trn ton b cc kha cnh mi trng cng nn rt kh thc hin. PERS thc hin vic qun l mi trng cc cng trn c s cc cng bin t xc nh cc vn mi trng chnh tn ti trong cng v t xy dng chng trnh qun l mi trng theo cc vn mi trng . Theo , cc th t u tin s ln lt c thc hin v l mt qu trnh tip din lin tc. Hin nay, PERS c p dng rng ri nhiu nc trn th gii trong c mt s cng Vit Nam. Cng ha lng nh V l mt trong cc cng a mc tiu ca khu cng nghip nh V, bt u i vo hot ng t thng 9 nm 2003. Cu cng nh V c th tip nhn tu c nng lc ti a t 10.000 DWT. Cng ha lng nh V nm ca sng Bch ng ni c tnh nhy cm mi trng cao vi nhiu h sinh thi nh rng ngp mn, rn san h, c bin v nhiu hot ng kinh t khc. Chnh v vy, ban qun l cng v cc khch hng lun c mc tiu nng cao nng lc bo v cng v bo v mi trng khu vc cng. Cng ha lng nh V l mt trong ba cng ca Vit Nam p dng m hnh qun l cht lng mi trng theo PERS (cng ha lng nh V, cm cng Nng v cm cng B Ra Vng Tu) t nm 2006. Theo , vic xy dng chnh sch qun l mi 38

trng cng theo PERS c xc nh v thc hin. Vic thc hin chng trnh qun l mi trng cng theo PERS bc u thu li mt s kt qu quan trng nh cc vn mi trng chnh trong cng c xc nh, chnh sch mi trng c xy dng, cc chng trnh hnh ng c th c thc hin nhm lm gim bt cc nguy c, mi trng khu vc ni chung. (*) Bi bo l mt phn kt qu ca ti Nng cao nng lc s dng cng c khoa hc qun l mi trng cng Vit Nam v Campuchia - VN/ Asia Pro Eco/009 (115176) c ti tr bi Lin minh Chu u.

ABSTRACT: In the world, environmental management in ports is difficult and quite complex because of large space and various actions in port and around it. EMS in ports in the world accords with ISO:14000, EMAS and PERS systems. PERS system implement environmental management based on self diagnose for environmental performance (SDEP) in each ports and self EMS implementation accords with these environmental issues. Nowadays, PERS is widely applied in many countries in the world and some ports in Vietnam. The Dinh Vu liquefaction port is the one of the utilities of Dinh Vu Industrial Zone, which has been put into operation since 09/2003. Dinh Vu Liquefaction port is located in Bach Dang estuary with high environmental sensitivity, containing many ecosystems such as mangrove, coral reef, sea grass and many economics activities. Therefore, Dinh Vu Development Joint Venture Company (jetty owner) as well as all our clients has been clearly aware of port environment protection. Since 2006, Dinh Vu liquefaction port has been one of three ports in Vietnam that was applied the model PERS to manage ports environment (including Dinh Vu liquefaction port, Da Nang port 39

group and Ba Ria Vung Tau port group). The environmental polices according to PERS guidelines were identified and operated. The implementation of EMS in DinhVu liquefaction port initially achieved some noticeable results: major environmental issues were identified, environmental polices were built up, detail actions were implemented to reduce risks for port and ports environment.

33 XY DNG M HNH NG CU S C TRN DU BNG PHAO NGN DU TI KHU VC VNG NC CNG BIN HI PHNG

BUILDING UP CONTIGENCY PLAN RESPONDING TO OIL SPILL BY BOOMS IN WATER AREA OF HAI PHONG PORT

c Tin Gim c cng v Hng hi Hi Phng

TM TT: S c trn du thng li nhng hu qu nghim trng cho mi trng t nhin cng nh kinh t x hi v nhn vn. Du trn lm nhim mi trng, tc ng su sc n i sng thu sinh trn din rng, nh hng n i sng ca dn c ven bin v cc hot ng kinh t c bit l cc hot ng lin quan n khai thc v s dng ti nguyn bin nh nui trng v nh bt thu sn, du lch, lm mui... Ngn nga v khc phc s c trn du l cng vic ht sc cn thit nhng rt phc tp v kh khn, i hi s t chc cao, phi hp nhanh chng gia cc lc lng v p dng cc bin php k thut ph hp. hn ch tc hi v hu qu nhim ca cc v trn du, Cng v Hng hi Hi Phng ch 40

tr vic nghin cu ti Xy dng m hnh ng cu s c trn du bng phao ngn du ti khu vc vng nc cng bin hi phng. ti a ra nhiu bin php cp bch ng cu s c nh: - Thu thp, x l v h thng ho cc thng tin, t liu c lin quan. - Xy dng quy trnh thc hnh ng cu s c trn du bng phao ngn du. - T chc thc hnh s dng phao ngn du quy khu vc du trn, hn ch nhim lan rng v thu gom x l du trn.

ABSTRACT: Oil-spilling incidents often leave serious consequences on the natural environment, socio-economy and human civilization. Spilled oil causes environmental pollution and negative effects on marine creatures on a large area, directly affecting littoral peoples life and economic activities related to exploiting and using marine resources such as raising and catching aquatic products, tourism and salt-making, etc. Preventing and responding to oil spills are necessary but complicated and difficult, requires a closed coordination and organization among forces and suitable technical methods application. To restrict the influences and consequences of oil spill, Hai Phong Maritime Port Authorities has presided over a research Building up contingency plan responding to oil spill by booms in water area of Hai Phong port. Many pressing responding solutions have been proposed like: - Collecting, processing and systematizing all related information and data; - Setting up a practical process for responding oil spill by booms; - Practicing using booms to contain the spilled oil area, 41

preventing oil from spreading, recovering and treating spilled oil. 34 XU HNG CA NHNG V DU TRN T TU DU TRONG GIAI ON 1997 - 2006 TREND OF OIL SPILLS FROM TANKERS IN THE PERIOD 1997 - 2006

Nguyn Kim Phng Khoa iu khin tu bin - Trng i hc Hng hi VN

TM TT: Bi bo gii thiu xu hng pht trin ca nhng s c trn du t tu du trn th gii trong 10 nm tr li y (1997 - 2006) da trn c s phn tch nhng s liu thng k ca Lin on quc t phng chng nhim ca cc ch tu du (International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation - ITOPF).

ABSTRACT: The paper presents the most frequently-found trend of oil spill incidents from tankers in the world in ten years (1997 - 2006) basing on the analysis of statistic data from International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation - ITOPF.

35 HIN TRNG QUN L CHT THI Y T NGUY HI 42

CA THNH PH HI PHNG HAZARDOUS MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT STATE IN HAI PHONG CITY

Trn Anh Tun B mn K thut mi trng - Khoa MTB - Trng H Hng hi VN

TM TT: Cht thi y t l loi cht thi cha nhiu thnh phn nguy hi n mi trng, Vic qun l cht thi pht sinh trong cc c s y t c quy nh trong Quy ch qun l cht thi y t c ban hnh theo quyt nh s 2575/1999/Q-BYT ca B Y t. Thnh ph Hi Phng c mng li y t pht trin, tuy nhin cng tc qun l cht thi y t nguy hi ca thnh ph cn nhiu yu km. Vic nh gi hin trng qun l cht thi y t nguy hi ca thnh ph l vic lm cn thit a ra c nhng gii php ci thin.

ABSTRACT: Medical waste contains lots of harmful components to the environment. The management of waste from hospitals has been regulated in the medical waste management regulation which is promulgated accompanying the Decision no 2575/1999/QDBYT of the Health ministry. Hai Phongs healthcare network is well developed, but there still exists some disadvantages in the medical waste management. The assessment of medical waste management state in Hai Phong is necessary to propose better solutions. 43

36 NHIM DU T HOT NG HNG HI TI KHU VC HI PHNG - NGUN GC V BIN PHP KIM SOT

OIL POLLUTION FROM MARITIME ACTIVITIES IN HAI PHONG AREA CAUSES AND METHODS OF RESTRICTION

Bi nh Hon B mn K thut mi trng - Khoa MTB - Trng H Hng hi VN

TM TT: Hng hi l ngnh kinh t c nhng ng gp to ln i vi nn kinh t x hi ca thnh ph Hi Phng. Mc d vy, hot ng ca ngnh ny cng c nhng tc ng ng k n mi trng bin khu vc, c bit l tc ng ca du. Vic nghin cu cc ngun thi du t hot ng hng hi l ht sc cn thit cho vic ra cc bin php gim thiu tc ng ny.

ABSTRACT: Maritime industry is the one which has a great contribution to the socio-economy of Hai Phong city. However, the activities of this industry have caused some negative effects on the marine environment of the locality, especially the impacts of oil. It is essential that research on oil drainage source from maritime activities should be carried out in order to propose methods of restriction to these impacts. 44

37 NG DNG H THNG THNG TIN A L (GIS) TRONG NH GI HIN TRNG TI NGUYN RNG THNH PH LT

APPLICATION OF GEOLOGY INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) IN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF FOREST IN DALAT CITY

Trn Hu Long B mn K thut mi trng - Khoa MTB - Trng H Hng hi VN

ABSTRACT: In Vietnam, Da Lat is the only city with forest inside. Forest takes up 55,6% of the citys total natural area of 39,104. However, inventorying and monitoring the development of the forest is a very complicated and difficult task because of the slope topography, and sharp isolation, making travel difficult. More socio economic development makes forest management more complicated. Meanwhile, the outmoded management method fails to meet the requirement of current modern management and deal with a huge amount of information. The need for an effective information management system on the computer to be developed and introduced to increase the management efficiency is extremely urgent. The application of GIS in the forest management and protection is suitable under the current situation because GIS help simplify the forest management and provides quick and accurate information. 45

38 KIM SOT V S DNG CC LOI SN CHNG H C HI CA TU V CNG TRNH BIN

CONTROLING AND USING HAZARDOUS ANTI-FOULING PAINT OF SHIPS AND SEA WORKS

Cao Xun Vnh Trng phng Mi trng- Cc ng kim Vit Nam

TM TT: Bi vit cung cp cho c gi cc thng tin v vic s dng sn cha cht TBT (Tributhyl Tin) dng chng hu h nhm bo v v tu thy trn th gii v Vit Nam. Bi vit cng cho thy n lc ca Vit Nam v cng ng quc t trong vic tin ti thay th TBT bng cc cht khc thn thin hn i vi mi trng.

ABSTRACT: The writing provides readers with the information about using paint containing TBT substance (tributhyl Tin) to avoid shipworm teredo, aiming at protecting ship shell all over the world in general and in Viet Nam in particular. It also shows the efforts of Viet Nam and international community to replace TBT with other substances which are nontoxic to the environment.

39 46

LC LNG CNH ST BIN VIT NAM VI NHIM V QUN L V BO V MI TRNG BIN

VIET NAM MARINE POLICE WITH TASK OF MARINE EN VIRONMENT MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION

Nguyn Thng Nht Phng Hng hi, Cu nn v Bo v mi trng Cc Cnh st bin

ABSTRACT: This article shows the actual state of the environmental ma nagement and protection in Viet Nam; actuality of the administrativ e violation in the field of environmental protection in the marine areas of Viet Nam and Solutions to increase effectiveness of the env ironmental management and protection.

40 M PHNG QU TRNH LAN TRUYN DU KHI XY RA S C TRN DU TI KHU VC CA SNG BCH NG

A NUMERICAL MODEL FOR SIMULATION OF THE OIL SPILL SPREADING PROCESS IN BACH DANG ESTUARIES AREA

V Duy Vnh Vin Ti nguyn v Mi trng bin 47

TM TT: Rt gn Di sn thin nhin th gii vnh H Long v Khu d tr sinh quyn th gii Ct B, khu vc ca sng Bch ng l ni c tnh a dng sinh hc cao vi cc h sinh thi bin nhit i in hnh nh: rng ngp mn, c bin, h sinh vng triu..v.v. Ni y cng c cng Hi Phng - ca ng ra bin ca cc tnh pha bc v cng bin ln th hai Vit Nam. Cng vi s pht trin kinh t x hi ca t nc, sn lng hng ho thng qua cng Hi Phng hng nm cng khng ngng tng ln. Theo l s tng ln v mt ca cc phung tin giao thng thu, trong c cc tu tr du. Nu xy ra s c trn du do cc tu tr du ny gy ra chc chn s c nhng tc ng rt ln n mi trng sinh thi v ti nguyn sinh vt bin ca khu vc. nh gi phm vi nh hng ca du trn ra khu vc ca sng Bch ng sau khi xy ra s c trn du, mt m hnh ton hc c p dng m phng s lan truyn v bin i ca vt du trong cc trng hp xy ra s c trn du gi nh vo ma ma (8-2006) v ma kh (3-2007). Bi vit ny trnh by tm tt cc kt qu tnh ton d bo qu trnh lan truyn du khi xy ra s c trn du ti khu vc ca sng Bch ng. y l mt phn trong cc kt qu thc hin nhim v nghin cu khoa hc cp Vin Khoa hc v Cng ngh Vit Nam giai on 2006-2007: nh gi tnh trng nhim v suy thoi mi trng khu vc ca sng Cm - Bch ng v xut cc gii php bo v do Vin Ti nguyn v Mi trng bin thc hin.

ABSTRACT: Very close to the Ha Long Bay - the World Heritage site and Cat Ba Biosphere Reserve, Bach Dang estuary area is a high biodiversity place with typical tropical marine ecosystems such as mangrove forest, sea grass, soft bottom etc. This area also includes 48

Hai Phong Port - the gateway of North provinces to the sea and the second biggest port in Vietnam. Together with socio-economic development of our country, the annually cargo through Hai Phong port increasingly incessantly continues. It also increases the density of the traffic and tankers. If oil spill accidents occured in this area, it would have a big influence on marine environment and resources. In order to assess the spatial influence of oil spill after oil tanker accident happens, a numerical model was applied to simulation of oil spreading in some scenarios case of oil tank accidents. This paper shows some the results of simulation and prediction oil spill in Bach Dang estuaries area. This is a part of the results of the VAST project 2006-2007 To assess the pollution recession in Bach Dang estuaries area and propose protective solution, which carried out by Institute of Marine environment and resources.

41 SN XUT SCH HN TRONG NGNH CNG NGHIP NG TU VIT NAM C HI V THCH THC

CLEANER PRODUCTION IN SHIP-BUILDING INDUSTRY IN VIET NAM OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES

Ng uyn c Thuyt B mn K thut mi trng - Khoa MTB - Trng H Hng hi VN

ABSTRACT: 49

Today, cleaner production application is one of most effective methods in environmental protection. Therefore, cleaner production application in Viet Nam in Shipbuilding is necessary to create competitive ability for the Ship building industry of Viet Nam and diminish impacts on the environment.

42 KINH NGHIM V XY DNG V THC HIN C CH THU HI SN PHM QUA S DNG CA NHT BN V BI HC CHO VIT NAM

EXPERIENCE IN BUILDING AND IMPLEMENTING MACHANISM OF TAKING BACK USED COMMODITIES IN JAPAN AND LESSONS FOR VIETNAM

Nguyn Nguyt Nga, ng Th Diu Thu Trng i hc Thng mi TM TT: Thu hi sn phm qua s dng l mt trong nhng ni dung ca mc tiu 3R (ti ch, ti s dng v gim thiu) nhm hng ti pht trin bn vng. Nht Bn hin l mt trong nhng quc gia i u trong hot ng ny vi vic xy dng mt h thng php lut cht ch v nhng quy nh c th, linh hot cho cc nh sn xut, cc doanh nghip. Nghin cu kinh nghim trong vic xy dng cc cng c qun l v thc thi ca Nht Bn trong thc hin c ch thu hi sn phm qua s dng s gip Vit Nam c nhng nh hng trong vic xy dng h thng thu hi sn phm qua s dng. T , gim thiu tc ng tiu cc ca cht thi t cc ngnh cng nghip trong giai on pht trin hin nay. 50

ABSTRACT: Taking back used commodities is one of 3R contents (Reuse reduce recycle) to achieve sustainable development. Japan is one of the leading nations on that area by building a close policy system and detailed and flexible regulations for manufacturers and business firms. Studying Japanese experience on building management solutions for mechanism of taking back used commodities will help Vietnam orientate in building system and policy for taking back used commodities which helps reduce negative effects from industrial waste in the development of Vietnam at present.

43 NH GI HIN TRNG QUN L CHT THI T TU BIN TI KHU VC CNG HI PHNG V XUT CC GII PHP TNG CNG QUN L

ASSESSMENT ON THE STATE OF MANAGING WASTE FROM SHIPS IN HAI PHONG PORT AREA AND PROPOSING MANAGEMENT ENHANCING METHODS

Trn Anh Tun, Nguyn Th Xun Qunh, L Hong Lan B mn K thut mi trng - Khoa MTB - Trng H Hng hi VN

TM TT: Cc cht thi pht sinh t hot ng hng hi bao gm c 51

ba dng kh thi, nc thi v cht thi rn, trong nc thi v cht thi rn l mi e do cho mi trng bin. Vic qun l cht thi pht sinh t tu bin tr thnh mt iu kin bt buc i vi tt c cc tu hnh trnh trn bin. Ti Vit Nam cng nh trn th gii c nhng quy nh v vic qun l cht thi trn tu, thu gom ti cc cng bin cng nh vic x cc cht thi xung bin. Cng tc qun l cc cht thi pht sinh t tu ti cc cng bin ca Vit Nam ni chung v khu vc Hi Phng ni ring cn hn ch v gp nhiu kh khn. Bi bo ny s xut mt s gii php tng cng cng tc qun l cht thi t tu bin ti khu vc cng Hi Phng.

ABSTRACT: Wastes arising from marine activities include three shapes: gas, water, and solid. Of which, sewage and solid waste have been threats to sea environment. The waste-from-ship management becomes an obligatory condition for ships. In Viet Nam and the World, there have had rules of managing waste from ships, collecting at seaports and dumping into the sea. Managing waste from ships in Viet Nam in general and in Hai Phong area in particular has had a lot of limitations and difficulties. This paper proposes some measures to enhance management in Hai Phong port area. 44 SC CHU TI MI TRNG THU VC NUI C LNG VEN BIN

SUFFERANCE OF MARINE ENVIRONMENT IN LITTORAL FISH-FARMING AREA

52

Trn Lu Khanh 1, Nguyn c C 2, Trng Vn Bn 3 1-Vin nghin cu Hi sn 2-Vin Ti nguyn v Mi trng bin 3-Vin Khoa hc Thu Li TM TT: n nay, ngh nui c lng b trn bin ang pht trin mnh nhiu a phng (c bit l cc vng vnh ven bin Qung Ninh Hi Phng). Bn cnh nhng kt qu t c v kinh t x hi, vn nhim mi trng ti cc khu vc nui lng b tp trung nh hng xu ti tnh bn vng ca chnh loi hnh nui bin ny. Kt qu nghin cu trong thi gian 2 nm (2004 2005) v Sc chu ti mi trng thu vc nui c lng b ven bin do Vin Nghin cu Hi sn ch tr, xut c quy trnh nghin cu sc chu ti mi trng thu vc ven bin phc v pht trin nui hi sn bn vng v th nghim tnh ton kh nng t lm sch, sc chu ti mi trng cho hot ng nui c lng b ca hai thu vc Tng Gu (Ct B - Hi Phng) v Pht C (Vn n Qung Ninh). Theo , kh nng t lm sch mi trng cao nht (hay sc chu ti mi trng), tc l kh nng tip nhn v x l cc cht thi hu c (t mt s tiu chun cht lng nc bin ven b) ca mi thu vc (trung bnh c nm) l 167,35 kg/ngy N-NH4+/ngy, v 327,07kg/ngy P-PO43-/ngy Tng Gu. Tng t, Pht C, cc gi tr ny ln lt l 447,09kg/ngy v 888,22kg/ngy Sc chu ti mi trng i vi hot ng nui c lng b hai thu vc trn c tnh ton cn c vo iu kin t nhin, yu cu k thut, c im sinh thi ca nhng loi c nui ch yu v nhng hot ng kinh t x hi khc. Vi hin trng nui lng b y, din tch nui c lng b bn vng c tnh ton c th v xut l 213.120m2 Tng Gu, 176.400m2 khu vc Pht C. Trn din tch , s lng lng nui c Tng Gu l 465 lng, tng thm 236 ; tng s lng Pht C l 180 , c th tng thm 44 53

lng. Ngoi ra, c s khoa hc tnh ton v tr, khong cch cc cm lng b ti mi vnh, khng gy nhim mi trng cng c xut...

45 CHT LNG THY HO MI TRNG BIN VNG HI PHNG - QUNG NINH T 2002 N NAY

AQUEOUS CHEMICAL QUALITY OF SEA ENVIRONMENT IN HAI PHONG - QUANG NINH AREA SINCE 2002

Ng Kim nh 1, Phm Th Dng 1, Cao Th Thu Trang 2 1- B mn K thut mi trng Khoa MTB Trng H Hng hi VN, 2-Vin Ti nguyn Mi trng bin

TM TT: Qung Ninh v Hi Phng nm tip gip vi bin v pha ng Bc Vit Nam. C hai khu vc ny u c tim nng pht trin kinh t rt mnh trong nhiu lnh vc. Tuy nhin, song song vi s pht trin kinh t khng th trnh khi nhng bin ng xu v mi trng, c bit l mi trng bin. Bi vy bi bo nghin cu v thng k cht lng thy ho mi trng vng bin Hi Phng - Qung Ninh c ci nhn tng qut v cht lng mi trng bin khu vc ny.

ABSTRACT: 54

Quang Ninh and Hai Phong are contiguous to the sea to the North - East of Viet Nam. Both localities have potentiality to develop many economic fields. However, parallel with economic development are worse changes of the environment, especially sea environment. Therefore, this article provides the aqueous chemical quality of sea environment in Hai Phong - Quang Ninh area since 2002 in order to have a general estimation of the quality of the sea environment in this region. 46 MT S VN TRONG CNG TC QUN L NH NC V MI TRNG TRN A BN THNH PH HI PHNG

SOME PROBLEMS FOR ENVIRONMENT STATE MANAGEMENT IN HAI PHONG CITY Phm Quc Ka S Ti nguyn v Mi trng thnh ph Hi Phng

TM TT: Trong thi gian qua thnh ph Hi Phng ch o trin khai cc nhim v trng tm trong qun l Nh Nc v mi trng v bc u t c mt s kt qu v phng chng nhim, s dng hp l ti nguyn thin nhin, tng cng hot ng qun l Nh Nc v bo v mi trng Tuy nhin, qun l Nh Nc v vn mi trng trn a bn thnh ph Hi phng cn rt nhiu vn cn quan tm i vi mi trng t, nc, khng kh, th, cht thi rn Mt s thch thc v pht trin kinh t bn vng v bo v mi trng rt cn s quan tm ca chnh quyn thnh ph Hi Phng v Chnh ph bng cc k hoch ch o v chng trnh 55

hnh ng c th.

ABSTRACT: During the past time, Hai Phong has guided to carry out pivotal task of Environment State management and has achieved some progresses in preventing pollution, reasonably using natural source, strengthening State management of environment protection. However, there still exist some problems in Environment State management in Hai Phong such as land environment, water environment, air environment, city environment, solid waste, etc. Some challenges in sustainable economic development and environment prevention need taking care by the Government and Hai Phong authorities through guidance plans and detail action programs.

47 LUT BO V MI TRNG V NHNG THCH THC TRONG VN HNH LUT (Tham lun ti Hi tho Khoa hc, cng ngh mi trng i hc Hng Hi Vit Nam, thng 10/2007) L Sn S Ti nguyn v Mi trng thnh ph Hi Phng

48 S C TRN DU V TC HI CA CHNG I VI MI TRNG V CC NGNH KINH T BIN

56

OIL SPILL AND ITS IMPACTS ON MARINE ENVIRONMENT AND ECONOMY

Lu Vn Diu Vin Ti nguyn v Mi trng Bin

TM TT: Du l mt hn hp cc hp cht ca cc hydrocacbon v cc hp cht cha oxy, nit v lu hunh. Du c t trng nh hn nc, khi chy loang s to thnh vng ph trn mt nc v b bin i thnh phn v tnh cht theo thi gian. Du loang tc ng xu n h sinh thi v cnh quan mi trng. Nu lng du loang ln c th gy ra nhng thm ha to ln i vi i sng sinh vt trong nc, i vi mi trng, i sng dn c. Nu lng du loang nh c th lm gim cht lng hi sn, cc sn phm khai thc t bin (ngh sn xut mui n) do to ra mi kh chu i vi cc loi sn phm ny. i vi cnh quan mi trng, du loang lm gim cht lng nc, lm mt m quan bi bin, gy tc hi n cc ngnh du lch bin, tm bin v nui trng thu sn. Hin nay du loang l mt trong nhng thm ho mi trng do cc v m tu, cc s c khai thc, vn chuyn du gy ra. Vit Nam l mt quc gia bin, c ng b bin di trn 3.200 km. Dc b bin Vit Nam c nhiu vng, vnh ca sng thun li cho vic xy dng cc cng bin v tuyn hng hi quc t chy t n Dng qua eo Malaca ri qua bin ng ln ng Bc . Do vy cc s c trn du v s xy ra v vi mc cng gay gt hn. khc phc s c trn du hin ti v tng lai, chnh ph 57

Vit Nam thng qua K hoch Quc gia ng ph s c trn du nhm phi hp hot ng ca U ban quc gia tm kim cu nn vi cc b, ngnh chc nng, cc a phng, cc cng bin trn ton quc kp thi ng ph cc s c trn du, bo m mi trng trong sch.

ABSTRACT: Oil is the compound of hydrocarbon and other substances containing oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur. Its density is lighter than water, when oil spreads on water surface, the film of oil is created, and structure and characteristic of oil are degenerated. Oil slick causes serious impacts on the ecosystem and landscape. A large oil slick would cause disasters for environment, marine creatures and peoples life. Whereas a small oil slick would reduce the quality of aquatic or other marine products (salt-making industry) due to creating heavy smell for those products. As for landscape, oil slick worsens water quality, the beach would become less beautiful-looking, causing negative effects on tourism and aquaculture. Nowadays, oil spill is one of the environmental disasters caused by ships collision, oil exploitation and transportation incidents. Vietnam is a country with the coastline of more than 3200km long. Along the coastline, there are many estuarine gulf and bays, giving convenience for building sea ports and international maritime route from Indian Ocean, passing Malacca strait, then Northern Gulf to North-East Asia. Therefore, oil spills has been on an increase. For preventing oil spill in the long run, the National contingency plan for responding to oil spill have been adopted by Vietnam government, aiming at coordinating with the National Life and Save Committee, appropriate authorities, localities, sea ports all over the country to respond to oil spill and keep the environment 58

clean.

49 P DNG QUAN TRC SINH HC TRONG NH GI NH HNG NHIM N CHT LNG NC APPLICATION OF BIOLOGICAL MONITORING IN ASSESSING POLLUTION IMPACTS ON WATER QUALITY Hong Thu Hng 1, ng Kim Chi 1, Mai nh Yn 2 1- Vin Khoa hc v Cng ngh Mi trng i hc Bch khoa H ni 2- i hc Khoa hc t nhin i hc quc gia H ni

TM TT: Vic xy dng cng c c hiu qu nh gi v d bo cht lng nc l rt quan trng. Cc phng php nh gi da trn cc ch th sinh hc kt hp vi quan trc ha hc l phng php hin ang c th gii quan tm. T c th a ra nhng kt lun tng hp hn v nh hng ca cht lng nc n h sinh thi. Trong nghin cu ny, quan trc sinh hc c tin hnh trn sng u thuc lu vc sng Cu, tnh Thi Nguyn, ni tch hp nhiu dng nhim nhm nh gi nh hng ca nhim n qun x ng vt khng xng sng c ln (VKXSCL). Vic o c, phn tch cc ch tiu cht lng nc kt hp vi kho st qun x VKXSCL ti 15 im nghin cu c tin hnh vo ma h v ma thu nm 2006 nhm nh gi tc ng ca cc yu t khc nhau n h sinh thi. S suy gim a dng sinh hc ti cc im nghin cu l do nh hng t cc hot ng ca con ngi n sinh thi 59

dng sng. Nh vy, quan trc sinh hc c th p dng hiu qu h tr vic qun l, bo tn v phc hi cc lu vc sng.

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