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InternationalJournalofHighDilutionResearch,v.7,issue22,p.

720,March2008 2008GIRI

Original Research Article

Violentbehaviorpatterns: possiblehomeopathicremedies
CliaReginaBarollo1,2,FernandoAntnioCardosoBignardi1,2, JussaraMeyerOsielski1,CarmelaMariaVieiraPedalino1
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NEPHSPNcleodeEstudosePesquisasemHomeopatia,SoPaulo,Brazil 2 CentrodeEstudosdoEnvelhecimento/UNIFESP,SoPaulo,Brazil ABSTRACT

The authors discuss violence as a current epidemics and violent behavior in children and adolescents.Theypresentarepertorystudyincludingthecharacteristicandpeculiarsymptoms of 12 patients, with clinical diagnoses of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder, and the symptoms corresponding to the diagnosticcriteriaintheDSMIVtranscribedinrepertorylanguage. Theresultisamateria medicaforpatternsofviolentbehavior. Keywords: violentbehavior,homeopathy,childrenandadolescents, ADHD, ConductDisorder, OppositionalDefiantDisorder.

Introduction Violence is a pattern of human behavior characterized by anger, frequently associated to actual or potential physical aggression in order to obtainsomething."Violenceresultsfromtheaction or an irresistible power in order to achieve an objectivethatwouldnothavebeenachievedwithout it"(1). Masi Elizalde (2) utilizes the terminology egolysis and alterlysis tonamemiasmaticdynamics stages related to auto (against oneself), hetero (against others) and eco violence (against environment)(3). Following a worldwide tendency, violence is also increasinginBrazil.Althoughitisoftenattributed to violent male outlaw teenagers (47), in fact a relatively small number of youths commit a large partofcrimes.Violentbehaviorisnotexclusiveof sociallymarginalizedindividualsandisnotalways relatedtosocioeconomicstatus(8,9).Childrenand teenagers, in whom the mind and brain formative process is not yet finished, have difficulty to consider the limits between the real and virtual worlds, thus, beyond environmental socioeconomic conditions,violencepresentedbythemediacanact

likeatriggerinsusceptibleindividualstopromote violentbehavior(1012).Thisfactisalsoobservedin clinical homeopathic practice, when pathological stimuliandsusceptibilityaresynergic. Children and adolescents in violent settings may exhibit patterns of violent behavior frequently associatedtoAttentionDeficitDisorder(ADD),with orwithoutHyperactivity/Impulsiveness(ADHDI). (13,14)ADD,aneuropsychologicaldisturbancethat alters the ability to concentrate in tasks and to controlimpulsesandmotoractivityhasbecomethe mostfrequenthealthproblemsinchildrenandone of the main causes of learning disturbance and schoolfailure.Itaffectsaround20%ofchildrenin schoolageandattacksthreetimesmoremalesthan females.Itusuallybeginsbeforetheageof7,might continuethroughoutadolescencetoreachadulthood. Ontheotherhand,learningdisturbancemaybea riskfactorfordelinquentbehavior(1517). IntheDSMIVsectiondevotedtoConductDisorder (CD, CID10 312,8) and Oppositional Defiant Disorder(ODD,CID10313.81)(18),therearelisted and classified the diagnostic criteria of behavioral disturbs related to children and adolescents unlawful acts (19). They can be compared to the 7

InternationalJournalofHighDilutionResearch,v.7,issue22,p.720,March2008 2008GIRI

symptoms contained in the homeopathic repertory (20) and related to the symptoms of egolysis and alterlysis. The standard treatment of these conditions uses methylphenidate (Ritalin) or amphetamine, which maycausethesameproblemstheyareabletotreat: lack of attention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Moreover, hyperactive children taking methylphenidateareatahigherriskofdeveloping an addiction. It may cause the same devastating effects as prolonged use of cocaine (21). Thus, the search for alternative therapeutic options is justified;homeopathymaybeoneofthem. Anepidemicsofviolence? Currently,anepidemicsisdefinedastheincidence inashortperiodoftimeofalargenumberofcases ofadisease.But,inamorecomprehensiveconcept, it can be defined as an abnormal situation in a community, a potential severe event triggering social pressures that must be answered by the sanitaryauthoritieswiththehighesturgency. Epidemiology means the "study of the epidemics" andisdefinedasthestudyofthedistributionand determinants of the states or events related to health in a specific population. The application of these studies is used to control health problems (Center for Disease Center/AtlantaUSA). The epidemiologyofinfectiousdiseasesisstillofhighest importance, but together with the perception that several factors contribute to the rise of any one disease, epidemiologists are also approaching chronic illnesses. As an area in constant transformation(22)itisexpandingintootherfields of knowledge like sociology and law. According to Barata (23), the understanding of the process of healthillness has improved withtheemergenceof social epidemiology, which investigates the social determinants of disease. Thus, some authors consider violence as a modern epidemics, threateningpopulations not only physically, but in its basic institutions like the family and the work andschoolenvironments(2433). Although violent behavior is associated to many causes, including biological, metabolic, economic, cultural and social conditions, family dynamics, spiritual conditions, experienced trauma, etc., in many cases the contact (contagion) with or by a violent environment can awake in the susceptible thiskindofbehavior,whichwouldnotoccurinits absence, exactly as in the case of infectious biologicalagents.

It may sound odd to speak of an epidemics of violence, due to the current concept of epidemics, usually associated to the occurrence of an acute infectious disease involving "contagion/infection". However,itisonlyapartofchildrenandadolescents living in violent environments who become "infected" by violence precisely those children susceptible to this contagion. From a classic homeopathypointofview,itcouldbespokenasan "energycontagion",asKentstated(34),orachange inthemiasmaticdynamics(2). The aim of this study is to define homeopathic remedies useful in violent situations affecting childrenandadolescents. MaterialsandMethods From the records of 12 children and adolescents homeopathically treated for CD, ODD, ADD and ADHDI (3,14,35,36) the peculiar and most characteristic symptoms were extracted. The list wascompletedwiththediagnosticcriteriaforthese samedisordersasdescribedinDSMIVtranscribed intothehomeopathicrepertorylanguage. Allthesesymptomswereanalyzedtogether(20,37), asiftheybelongedtooneonlypatientinorderto characterize the symptomatic image of the epidemics.Theresultingremedieswereclassifiedin decreasingvalueofcoverage,inordertocomposea list of the remedies that when tested on healthy human beings showed a potential to elicit violent acts, so to be applied by similarity to actual patients; 2) to facilitate the differential diagnosis among them in realtime practice and guide the searchinthehomeopathicmateriamedica(3845). Resultsanddiscussion The repertory analysis of the homeopathic symptomscorrespondingtoADHDI,CDandODDis presented in Table 1. The 25 remedies with the highest potential to elicit the characteristic symptomsof thesedisturbs on healthy individuals are: Aconitum napellus, Agaricus, Anacardium orientale,Arsenicumalbum,Belladona,Buforana, Calcareacarbonica,Causticum,Chamomilla,Hepar sulphur, Hyosciamus niger, Lachesis muta, Lycopodium clavatum, Mercurius, Nitric acidum, Nux vomica, Opium, Phosphorus, Plumbum, Staphisagria, Stramonium, Sulphur, Tarentula, VeratrumalbumeZincum. Althoughsomeauthors(4649)havedescribedother remediesasviolent,theywerenotincludedinour listastheydidnotpresentasignificantpartofthe

InternationalJournalofHighDilutionResearch,v.7,issue22,p.720,March2008 2008GIRI

selectedsymptoms: Absinthum,Alcoholum,Aurum metallicum,Luesinum,PlatinaandSepiasuccus. The compared Materia Medica of violent behavior patternsispresentedinTable2(seesupplementary material). References 1. Silva DP. Vocabulrio jurdico. 11st ed. Rio de Janeiro:Forense;1989. 2. Masi Elizalde A. Actas del Instituto de Altos Estudios Homoeopticos James Tyler Kent, 1988;18. 3. Barollo CR e al. Efeito da homeopatia no tratamentodecrianaseadolescentesemsituao deviolncia.CulturaHomeoptica.2007;21:510. 4. SSPSP Levantamento completo sobre os principaistiposdecrimescometidosexclusivamente porcrianaseadolescentesnoEstadodeSoPaulo. SecretariadaSeguranaPblica;2001. 5. SEDH Levantamento da Subsecretaria de PromoodosDireitosdaCrianaedoAdolescente/ SEDH, baseado em informaes fornecidas pelos estados.Comparaoentre2004e2006. 6.ToledoGW.AdelinqnciajuvenilnoEstadode So Paulo: caractersticas, evoluo e tendncias observadasentreosanosde1950,1960,1979,1985, 1995, 2000, 2001 e 2002. Dissertation (Master). Faculdade de Filosofia, Cincias e Letras de RibeiroPreto(FFCLRP),2006. 7.AdornoS,BordiniEBT;LimaRS.Oadolescentee as mudanas na criminalidade urbana. So Paulo emPerspectiva.1999;13(4):6274 8. McfadyenKetchum S, Bates JE, Dodge KAY, Pettit, GS. Patterns of change in early childhood aggressivedisruptivebehavior:genderdifferencesin predictions from early coercive and affectionate motherchild interactions. Child Development. 1996;67:24172433. 9.GalloAE,WilliamsLCA.Adolescentesemconflito comalei:umarevisodosfatoresderiscoparaa condutainfracional.Psicol.teor.prat.2005;7(1):81 95. 10.Caspi,A.etal. Roleofgenotypeinthecycleof violenceinmaltreatedchildren. Science 2002; 297: 851854. 11. Miczek KA; Almeida RMM. Neurobiology of escalated aggression and violence. Journal of Neuroscience2007;27:1180311806.

12.NelsonRJ;TrainorBC.Neuralmechanismsof aggression. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience 2007;8: 536546. 13.BiedermanJ,MunirKY,KneeD.Conductand oppositionaldisorder inclinically referredchildren with attention deficit disorder: a controlled family study.J.AmericanAcademyofChildandAdolescent Psyc,1987;26:724727. 14. BarolloCR, Alves D, BignardiFAC,Dcourt I, FreitasJrV,HubnerVetal.Efeitodotratamento homeoptico sobre o comportamento do adoecer crnico, em uma comunidade carente, alvo de programa social, na periferia da cidade de So Paulo,noperododeago/2004amar/2006.XXVIII CongressoBrasileirodeHomeopatia.Florianpolis; 2006. 15. Dias MDF. Fatores de risco para o comportamento dos infratores.2002. Dissertation (Master). Universidade Federal de So Paulo, UNIFESP,SoPaulo,Brazil. 16. Doreleijers TAH, PrinsAardema C. Distrbios de aprendizagem em delinqentes juvenis: investigaocientfica,projectosdetratamentoede preveno na Holanda. Rev. Port. Pedag. 2000; 34(1/2/3):303321. 17.Oliveira,CA.Afugadaescolacomopreditordo fenmenodelinqencial/Theescapefromschoolas a cause of the delinquency phenomenon. Aletheia. 2002;15:2736. 18.DSMIVManualDiagnsticoeEstatsticode TranstornosMentais.4thed.PortoAlegre:Artmed; 2000. 19. Cury M, Silva AFA, Mendez EG. Estatuto da Criana e do Adolescente comentado. 5th ed. So Paulo:Malheiros;2002. 20.RibeiroFilho,A.Repertriodehomeopatia.So Paulo:Organon;2005. 21. Volkow ND. Therapeutic doses of oral methylphenidatesignificantlyincreaseextracellular dopamine in the human brain. Journal of Neuroscience.2001;21:RC121. 22.MattarA,IvankovichDT,daCunhaFM,Abdal LHS. Internet e epidemiologia. <http://www.virtual.epm.br/material/tis/curr med/temas/med5/med5t41999/dado/dadomepid.htm> Access01282008 23. Barata RB. Epidemiologia social. Rev. bras. epidemiol.2005;8(1):717

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24.AlvesSobrinhoEJM,InojosaRM. Gestosocial nosmunicpios:aviolnciaeaculturadepaz.Rev. Adm.Pblica.2005;39(2):279195. 25. Carvalheiro JR. Editorial: Violent deaths: the epidemic of the third millenium? Rev. bras. epidemiol.1999;2(3):99101. 26. Chaui M. Cultura poltica e poltica cultural. Estud.av.1995;9(23):7184. 27. Minayo MCS. Health affairs: The quarterly journal of the health sphere. Cad. Sade Pblica. 1994;10(3):401403. 28.MinayoMCS,SouzaER.Violnciaesadecomo um campo interdisciplinar e de ao coletiva. Histria, Cincias, Sade Manguinhos. 1997 1998;IV(3):513531. 29.MinayoMCS,SouzaER.Isitpossibletoprevent violence? Reflections in public health area. Cinc. sadecoletiva.1999;4(1):723. 30. Silva SF. Crescimento da violncia urbana: as grandes cidades esto diante de uma epidemia social?Divulg.SadeDebate.2004;(30):1014. 31. Steiner JE. Conhecimento: gargalos para um Brasilnofuturo.Estud.av.2006;20(56):7590. 32.SzwarcwaldCL,Castilho,EA.Mortalidadepor armasdefogonoestadodoRiodeJaneiro,Brasil: uma anlise espacial. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 1998;4(3):161170. 33. Taborda JGV. Temas em psiquiatria forense e psicologia jurdica. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. 2003; 25(3):194194. 34.KentJT.Liesdefilosofiahomeoptica.2nded. SoPaulo:Organon;2002. 35.Barollo,CR.Oefeitodahomeopatianadinmica miasmtica de crianas em situao de violncia: casos clnicos. II Encontro Internacional em LatinoamericaAlfonsoMasiElizalde.BuenosAires, September1416,2007.

36. Barollo, CR. Clinical cases: childhood enuresis and serious syndrome from social disagreement. I Simpsio Internazionale FIAMO BrasilItlia. Rome,November1618,2007. 37. Schroyens F. Synthesis/ RADAR homeopathic softwareversion7.3. 38. Boericke W. Homopathic materia medica. http://homeoint.org/books/boericmm/index.htm. Access02022008 39. Deltombe M, Jaegerschmid G. Matria mdica homeopticaempediatria.SoPaulo:Andrei;1996. 40. Kent JT. Lectures on Homopathic materia medica. http://homeoint.org/books3/kentmm/index.htm Access02022008 41. Lamothe J. Homeopatia peditrica. So Paulo: Andrei;1999. 42. Lippe A. Textbook of materia medica. <http://homeoint.org/books1/lippemm/index.htm> Access02022008 43. Masi Elizalde. A. Jornada Paulista de Homeopatia. Associao Paulista de Homeopatia. SoPaulo,November;1999. 44.MasiElizaldeA.JornadasdeMatriaMdica. EscolaKentianadoRiodeJaneiro.RiodeJaneiro, 2000;2002. 45. Vijnovsky B. Tratado de matria mdica homeoptica.SoPaulo:Organon;2005. 46. Papaphilipppou G. Violent remedies. HomoepathicLinks.1991;3:1719. 47.PicovskyE.Laviolnciaenlamatriamdica. Jornada de Medicina Homeoptica del Uruguai. Montevideo,December1993.Proceedings,pp.1923. 48. Casale JA. Rubros de la violencia extrema. Homeopatia.1994;59:221222. 49. Barrault M. Violence et sociopathie de ladolescent.CahiersdeBiothrapie.1999;157:3840.

Support: none declared Conflict of interest: none declared Received: 15 October 2007; Revised: 10 February 2008; Published: 31 March 2008 Correspondence author: Clia R. Barollo, crbarollo@ajato.com.br; http://www.nephsp.net

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Table1.RepertoryanalysisofADHDI,CDandODDhomeopathicsymptoms
Caust Nitric.a Patient Opium Tarent x x x x x x x x Plumb Cham Stram Phos. Staph Sulph Anac verat x x x x x x x x Bufo Hep Lach Agar Ars Lyc Merc Acon Calc. Hyosc Nuxv Zinc x x x x x x x x x Bell x x

Remedies/ Symptoms Concentration difficult Concentration difficult,studying Unabletoread+ mistakesreading+ confusionofmind, reading Concentration difficultcalculating Inabilityfor mathematics+ calculating +algebra+ calculatingmistakes Difficult concentrationwhile writing Inabilityforwriting+ mistakeswriting+ confusionwhile writing Loquacity Mistakesspeaking Stammering(IDC 307.0) Speechconfused Absentminded Awkward Difficult concentrationwhile studying Forgetful Muddled Climb,desireto Dancing Restlessnessin children Restlessnessarms andhands Restlessnesslegs andfeet Runsabout

READINGDISORDERS(IDC315.0) x x MATHEMATICSDISORDERS(IDC315.1) x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

WRITINGEXPRESSIONDISORDER(IDC315.2) x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

SPEECHEXPRESSIONDISORDER(IDC314.31) x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

ATTENTIONDEFICITDISORDER

x x x x x

x x x x x x

x x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x WITHHIPERATIVITY x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x x x

x x

x x x x

x x

x x x x

x x x

x x x

x x x x x x x

x x x x

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InternationalJournalofHighDilutionResearch,v.7,issue22,p.720,March2008 2008GIRI WITHIMPULSIVITY Answeringhastily/ hastyspeech Heedless Hurry+haste Impulsive+ impetuous Meddlesome+ importunate Temerity+audacity+ courageous Angereasily+at trifles Anger,rage,fury Biting Bitingnails Corrupt+dishonest Cruelty Escape,attempts Hidinghimself Lascivious Liar+deceitful+ untruthful+false+ perfidious Mischievous Moralfeeling,wants of+nosenseofduty Perversity Pullinghair Setthingsonfire Shameless+obscene Shrieking,children Spiting Stealing Striking+attack+ fight+kicking Tearing,tormenting, biting,striking himself,knockinghis head Threatening Throwing,tearing, breakingthings+des tructiveness Unsympathetic+ hardhearted+ unfeeling Abusive+cursing Contradiction, intolerant+anger fromcontradiction Contradiction, weepingfrom x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

CONDUCTDISORDER(IDC312.8) x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x x

x x x

x x x x x

x x x x x

x x x x x x x x x

x x x x

x x x x x x

x x

x x x x

x x

x x x x x x

x x x

x x x x

x x x x x

x x

x x x x x x

x x x x

x x x x

x x

x x x x

x x x x x x x x x

x x x x x

x x x x x x x

x x x x x x

x x

x x

x x

x x

OPPOSITIONALDEFIANTDISORDER(IDC313.81) x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

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InternationalJournalofHighDilutionResearch,v.7,issue22,p.720,March2008 2008GIRI Defiant+inciting Disobedience+ contrary Impatient Impertinence+ insolence Malicious+hatred Mocking+jesting Offended,easily+ irritabilityabout trifles Quarrelsome Teasing+wearisome Wildness+rage Involuntarystool Involuntaryurination atnight Restlessduringsleep Handlesgenitals Masturbation, dispositionto Naked,wishesstay Nightmares Grindingteethduring sleep Fearatnight Grimaces x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x OTHERFREQUENTLYASSOCIATEDDISORDERS x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

Table2ComparedMateriaMedicaforPatternsofViolentBehavior Aconitum napellus Reading and attention disorders, with hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Fear of death dominates everything and generates a basic state of anxiety, alertness, sensory and emotionalhypersensitivity. Panicsuddencrisis,anxietywithhighnervousexcitability, makeseverythinginahurry,changespositionconstantly;feartoleaveortostayinaroom with many persons. World is a dangerous place where only disgraceful things happen takesplace(MasiElizalde).Feartobeinjured,prudence,cowardice:hisfaceexpressfear, predictsthedayofhisdeath,anythingfrightensdisturbedbyscareandfear;thechildis mischievousandafraidofdarknessnightterror. Inanotherextremeisaudaciousand courageous,impetuous,quarrelsome,disobedient;angry,throwsandbreaksthings,self and hetero aggression, bites his own nails. Stammers, bites, contrary, oppositional defiant.Enuresis.Suddenacuteaffectionswithviolentbeginning;aggravatesfromwind.

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Agaricus muscarius

Reading, writing and language disorders; ADHD with impulsiveness. Great instability, irritability and depression alternate. Choleric with himself and heteroaggression threatening. Hevaluesespecially physicalforce;doesnot acceptauthority,takesit as arbitrariness;achildthatpresentshimselfasanadult(MasiElizalde).Cold,bloodthirsty behavior,worrierspirit;likestobeclosetofire. Involuntarymovementsofthemuscles, tremors,choreicmovementsnervoustics.Theyliketodance,extremeneedofdancing; megalomania, exaggerated boldness, everything is exaggerated in him. Crises of spasmodic crying, depressive state, and sorrow by the most trivial thing: joy is transformed into suffering. Delay to talk and to walk (as in Calc.), due to slow brain development;facehasafoolishexpression,likeintoxicated;dumbnessandphysicaland mentallackofcoordination;mindandsensoriallookparalyzed.Aversiontobetouched, andtomentalandphysicalwork.Sensationasificeneedlesintheskin,achingsensation asstung.Verysensitivetocoldness,worsefromcoldair. Internal conflict is the central subject: division of will, tremendous indecision between goodandeviltwooppositewills,oneallowsandtheotherprohibits.Theyareambivalent, personality with two distinct sides: oscillates between aggressiveness and dependence; feels aggressive and passive at the same time, like strong and weak. Cannot make decisionsconcerningvaluesandthingstobeconsidered;indecisionwhilechoosingbetween goodandbad (MasiElizalde). Religiousdelirium,withworrytosavehissoul; cruelty with impulse to kill, little concern with others; impulse to attack with violent sexual language. Olfactory and hearing hallucinations. He is easily offended. Infants and temperamentalyouthsor psychopaths,sociallymaladjusted,with unscrupulous violent, contradictory and immediate demands; cruelty towards animals, sadism, inhuman, merciless, malevolent, insults with swearwords perversity. At the same time, abandoned, despaired, imploring; nervous individuals, deadened, weak, generally thin, chilly,alotsensibletodraughts. Itisimportantforhimtoshowhisimportanceforthe othersandtheworld;suffersfromadeepcomplexofinferiority,withsensationofisolation andofhavingbeenabandoned.Feelsstronginternalrageduetohisfeelingofinferiority anddissatisfaction,leadinghimtoaggressiveandcruelbehaviorwhenhefeelsinsecure, onlyattackswhenincompanyorwhenhisvictimscannotdefendthemselves. Thus,he expresses his sadisticandcruelsidewithfeelingsofsuperiority andpleasure. At the mirror, he blames everybody, except himself. An important characteristic is the great reliefaftereating;however,thesymptomscomebackandincreaseinintensitysothatthe patientisforcedtoeatagain,lookingforrelief. Anxious,fearful,restless,irritable,sensitive,easilyangry.Changesconstantlyfromplace toplace,duetoearlymorninganxietyattacks,heleavesthebedinthemiddleofthenight. Graspspeopletofeelsecure. Fearofbeingalone,ofdarkness; wakesupterrified and jumpsoutthebed,searchesforsomeonetospeakwith,hidingunderhisbed. Delusion withbugsinhisbedandthievesintheroom, fearofthieves. Selfattack,beatshisown headagainstthewall,attacksothers.Wicked,liar,jealous,perverse,stealsthings.ADD withhyperactivity,behaviorandoppositionaldefiant. Meticulous,collector,stingy. He wants everything planned and ritualized. Fear of illness, emotionally impressed. Languageandspeechdisorders,stammer,nervoustics,enuresisandencopresis,grinds theteeth.Hypersensitivetocold,chillywithdesireofcoldbeverages.Intoleranttosmells andnoises,perturbationsbynoises. Skineruptionalternatingwithasthma,orasthma anddiarrhea.Themeof responsibility regardingorderandlaw (MasiElizalde).

Anacardium orientale

Arsenicum album

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InternationalJournalofHighDilutionResearch,v.7,issue22,p.720,March2008 2008GIRI

Belladona

Livelypersonsandamusedwhenarewell,butviolentandfrequentlydeliriouswhensick; sensitive to draughts, especially on uncovering head; aggravate by cutting hair. Unsuitableformathematics, languagedisorder.ADHDwithimpulsiveness,oppositional defiant.Fearofimaginarythings:imaginesghosts,horriblefacesandseveralbugs;black animals,dogs,wolves.Tendencytobite,spit,beatandtearthings;attacksoflaughterand grindstheteeth;triestorunawayfromhome.Desiretosetonfireandsteal.Abruptand intense acute illness, pains comesuddenly, lasting indefinite time and cease suddenly. Affluenceofbloodtoheadandface,withblushandheat,lookingwild,mydriasis,arteries pulsation.Enuresis,ticsandgrimaces.Aggravatesbyreproaches. It acts mainly on CNS and skin. Indicated for children with weak mind (idiocy or oligofrenia), childish behavior, increased desire for masturbation, hands are always touchinggenitals. Desirestobealonetopracticemasturbation,butfearstostayalone. Irritable,withtendencytobite,biteshisowntongue.Cholericbehavior,jumpsoffthebed andrunslikealunatic.Epilepsy,withconvulsionsthatbeginduringsleep.Laughslikea fool,criesandlaughseasily. Doesnottoleratemusicor brightobjects. Tendencyto injure his own fingers. Desire of alcoholic beverages. Lack of control of his sexuality, perversepracticesandaddictions(Kent).Twistshandsinanxiety,assomethingterribleis goingtohappen. Fearisitsmaincharacteristic:ofsuffering,ofhunger,ofillness,ofsadorhorriblestories. Prudent,doesnottakerisks. Heneedsemotionalandphysicalstabilityinordertofeel secure. When destabilized, agitates himself in a disorganized way, goes into raptures, bites, spites at people, ready to kill. Emotional, fear of everything, full of fantasies. Difficultyinpsychomotordevelopmentandteething.Ashen,cold,soft,flaccid,lazy,wet. Slow, heavy, tendency to obesity or weight loss. Aggravates by reproaches, fright, fear, anticipation,rudenessandviolence. ADD. Themeof secureness abouthishealthand future lackofprotection (MasiElizalde). Compassionatetowardsotherssuffering feelshimselfintheplaceofothersbecausethe samecanhappentohim.Totalidentificationwiththeotherssituation,revolutionarydue to compassion. Theme of lack of protection (Masi Elizalde). Melancholic humor, despaired,byworry,sorrow,fulloffearsstaysparalyzed;withcrying,fortheleastcause. Prudent,avoidsrisks. Perturbationsbyafflictionorsorrowoflongduration,bylossof sleep,nocturnalvigil,suddenemotions,fear,fright,joy,rage.Unabletostayquiet,needs tomoveconstantly,butthemovementdoesnotrelievehim. Unsuitableformathematics, disturb of language, ADHD with impulsiveness. May become defiant, liar, anarchist, oppositional,withtendencytosteal. Enuresis,encopresisandnervoustics.Weightloss andponderalstagnation,despitegoodappetite.Tendencytowarts,mainlyaroundnails.

Buforana

Calcarea carbonica

Causticum

15

InternationalJournalofHighDilutionResearch,v.7,issue22,p.720,March2008 2008GIRI

Matricaria chamomilla

Hypersensitivenessofthenervoussystem,mainlyregardingnoises,painandpeople;bears nobody nearby; ill humor, dislikes being talked to, aversion to conversation, answers roughly;irascible,heisnevercompletelycalmandinpeace;amelioratesbymovementand hastobedistractedallthetime,irritable,throwsthings,haulsthehairoftheothers,does notwanttobetouched,kicks;angry,quarrelsome,oppositionaldefiant,impatient,wants manythingsandbecomesfuriouswhensomethingthathewantsisnotgiventohim,but whenhegetsit,rejectsit; heisneversatisfied;iseasilyboredwiththingsthatwere desired, soon wants another one, is never satisfied with what is doing; malevolent, ailmentsfromanger;hegetsworsealongdaytillnight,whenbecomesunbearable;sleepy, butsleeplessness.Uncontrollablechildren,stopsbreathingorstartsaconvulsionwhenin anger,beatshisheadagainstthewall.Thefaceishalfred,halfwhiteinangerorfever. Difficultteething.Fearofwind.Disturbsanddifficultiestoread,writeandspeak.ADHD with impulsiveness. Nocturnal terror and enuresis. Hecannot fulfill any physiological functionwithoutsuffering;feelingofbeingunfairlytreated(MasiElizalde). Physicalandmentalhypersensitiveness(totouch,topainfaintsfrompain);anything irritates him, anger at trifles; speaks and drinks in a hurry, hypochondriac, causeless anxiety. Defiant, angry, threatens with knives, oppositional. Pyromaniac, extremely violent,destructive;cruelty withsadismandsatisfactioninfrontofother'ssuffering ,but is kind to animals Purity is his theme (Masi Elizalde). Problems of speech, stammering,andenuresis.ADDwithimpulsiveness,perverseimpulses.Sensitivetocold air,needstocoverhisfaceeveninhotclimate;dislikestobeundressed. Evenasmall woundcausessuppuration.Ferociousangerandirrationalimpulsivenessmakehimacold bloodedmurdererthatkillswithoutremorse,evenamongthosecheerfulandfriendlyones; feelsasifcouldkillsomeonewithpleasure(Hering). Irritable,nervous,hysterical,jealous(itsbasiccharacteristic).Frightorintestinalworms provoke convulsions. Agitation, jumps off his bed, tries to escape; tells stories about imaginarydeeds.Fearofbeingalone,ofbeingpoisoned,ofbeingbitten,ofbeingsold,of takingawaywhathasbeengiventohim,distrustfulofsomeplots.Harmfuleffectsofnon corresponded love, with jealous and anger; incoherent talk, tendency to laugh at everything, dizzylaughter. Lasciviousmania:impudently doesnotwanttobecovered, stripsclothes,exposeshisbody;singsobscenesongs; goesnakedtobedandexposeshis genitals,handlesgenitals. Disturbsofspeech, stammering. ADHD withimpulsiveness, behavior disorder, oppositional defiant, savagery, ferocity. He bites, breaks everything, injureshimselfonpurpose. Enuresis,encopresis,tics,makesgrimaces,actsasaclown, ridiculousattitudes.Acutediseaseswithdeliriumandpaleface. Jealous, envious, excessive reactions: bites, injures others, wants to be the center of attention. Distrustful,resentfulandvindictive,liarandmanipulator. Chatters,intense loquacitychangingfromonethemetoanother. Dispositiontodrinkalcoholicbeverages andindolence,cheerlessness,frequentmasturbation. Themeofloveandadmiration, truthandlie(MasiElizalde).Hefeelsabandoned,impressionable.Intuitive,precocious andlivelychildren.Highsensitivenesstotouchonhisthroat,stomach,abdomen;doesnot beartightclothesonthroatorabdomen,theycauseuneasiness. Awkwardinhandsand legs,errorsspeaking,writing,putwordsonbadforms.Allsymptoms,especiallymental, worstaftersleeporaggravationwakeshimupfromsleep.

Hepar sulphuris calcareum

Hyosciamus niger

Lachesis muta

16

InternationalJournalofHighDilutionResearch,v.7,issue22,p.720,March2008 2008GIRI

Lycopodium clavatum

Lackofconfidence,socialtimidity,runsawayfromdifficulties.Hypersensitive,doesmot bearjokes,isalwaysright. Stubborn,resentful,alwaysdefensive,dictatorial,desireof domination,selfishandprovocative,butcowardwithinterestedservility. Pleasantwith stronger or superiors, hard with weaker and inferior. Impressionable and scared by authority orreprehension. Intolerant tocontradiction, disobedient, opposition, jealous, violentragewithaggressiveness;beats,preferentially,ontheweaker.Violentrage,speaks swearwords,threats,defiance,provokes. Proud,presumptuous,affectedandlooksdown onothers. Weakchildrenandtootired, lackofphysicalenergy. Nervoustics,enuresis, encopresis. Gastrointestinalsymptoms,desireforsweets,chilly. Difficultyinlearning, errorsreadingandwriting,unfitformathematics. Fearofdarkness,noises,ghostsor imaginary things. Theme of the father in his role of educator difficulties in ; relationshipwithhisfather(MasiElizalde).Precociouschildren,withappearanceofolder, earlywhitehair. Probleminadaptationtotheworld:isresentfulandsociallymarginalized,transgressor, disrespectful,spitesonthefaceofpeople,considerseverybodyasenemy. Restlessness, agitation,awkwardmovements,quickspeech,slowanswers.Intolerancetocontradiction, angry attacks with violent impulses; destructive and aggressive against himself and others,liabletobecomesuicidalorhomicidal,withdesiretokillwithknifecanstab anyone,evenhislovedrelatives. Remorseandanxietyofconsciencebyhisactsfeels guilty and is suicidal. Needs to dominate others; propensity to gambling, drugs and alcohol.Liar,false,aggressive,selfish,accentuateddestructiveness(auto,heteroandeco). WantstomodifyordestroynaturetorebuilditbetterThemeof Perfection .Creativity: alwaysinventingsomethingbetter(MasiElizalde).Itisoneoftheremediescharacterized byanxietyandhaste,buthishasteisunproductive,unlikeTarentulaorNuxvomicathat presentanefficientandproductiveactivity.ADDwithhyperactivityandimpulsiveness, aggressiveness, difficulty of understanding, memory and language stammering. Hypersexual excitability, with eroticism, lasciviousness, sexual crimes, rape. Constant desire for change, journeys and to escape. Nervous affections after suppression of secretions.Tendencytoinflammationandulcerationinskinandmucousmembranes. Excessivephysicalirritability,impetuous,irritabilitybynoises,irritable,outofhimselfby nothing,withshivering.Isnevercheerfulorsatisfied,runsawayfromcontact,aversionto be consoled, indifferent to the others, hard, without piety. Opposition and does not hesitates to injure and to be rough. Irritated, stubborn, hateful and vindictive; with inveteratehabits,mischievous,impassionedwithapologies.Themeof justice mercy and doesnotforgiveandbecomesinexorablenomatterwhattheotherssay(MasiElizalde). Auto social marginalization that leads him to be corrupt, disorderly, and delinquent conduct. Conduct disorder and oppositional defiant. Enuresis and bites the nails. Tendencytowarts.

Mercurius solubilis

Nitric acidum

17

InternationalJournalofHighDilutionResearch,v.7,issue22,p.720,March2008 2008GIRI

Nux vomica

Physical,emotionalandmoralhypersensitiveness,alsotonoises,light,contradiction,pain (faints from pain) from any stimulus, with predominance of aggressiveness, not measuringtheconsequences,unrulyimpulse.Irritable,jealouschildren,defiant,prudent and zealous, inclined to be quarrelsome, vindictive, mischievous, cruel, nervous and melancholic.Theydesiretranquilityandloneliness,donotbeartobeinterrupted;donot tolerate to be looked at. Worries with family, although may be rough. Impatient, impetuous,insignificantdisordersareunbearable;desiretokillhimselfwithaknife.Any innocentwordoffendshim, hypersensitivetohurtselfesteem (injuredhonor) outof himself, redness and shivering; impressionable by all external stimuli; sympathetic. Theme of justice,of rightandwrong (Masi Elizalde). ADD with hyperactivityand impulsiveness.Disorderoflanguage,stammering.Grabspeople,wantstofeelsecure. Mentalexcitabilityandagitation,exaltationofimaginationandmemory.Neurosensorial hyperexcitability, startles by slight stimulus. In another phase can be numbed and unfeeling.Stateofanesthesiaoremotionalandintellectualexcitement,withjoy,boldness andsensationofinvincibility. Aggravatesfromfearorfrightthatparalyzeshim. The emotionalshockcantriggeranyillnessorreaction.Aggressiveness,crisesofviolentrage; liar(doesnotknowwhatistrue),jealous,malicious,cruel,wild,bites,saysswearwords, runs away, does not observe moral rules, aggravates from touch. Attacks of excessive laughter,hystericalreactions,andsensationofhavingstrongforce,boldness,nocturnal hyperideation.Indicatedinautismanddelirium.Enuresis,encopresis,convulsionsafter frightorrage. Hypersensitiveandvulnerable,withanxietyandfearofeverythingaroundhim.Creative, gifted,leader,affectionate.Intheaggressivephaseisagitated,violent,anddisobedient, doesnotacceptorders,feelsabovetheothers.Proud,arrogant,liabletowild,violentrage; strikes,spites,bitesandsaysswearwords.Audacious,impetuous,impertinent,insolent, quarrelsome. Impressionable, attracted to clairvoyance, intuitive, and artistic things. Desirephysicaltouchthatameliorates(magnetism),wanttobeholdtofeelsecure.Sexual excitement and frequent masturbation. Disobedient, ADD with hyperactivity and impulsiveness.Themeoflight,clarity,fraternity. Reading and speech disorders (loquacity / stammering), absentminded and restless children,hasteinactsandinanswers,quarrelsome,irritable,attackshimself(liableto stabhimself)andothers,lascivious,insolentanddisrespectful,disobedient,surpasseshis limits, tendency to oppose and do prohibited things; excited by risky activities and scandals,perverseandunfaithful. Ascompulsivegamblersmayputatriskbelongings necessary to existence. Encopresis and nervous tics; depressive, progressively more apathetic,paranoid(feartobemurdered). Problemwith prohibition ;doesnotaccept established limits by the law, does not accept prohibitions (Masi Elizalde) Can be . stuporous, slow in expression with depressed cerebral functions, with loss of memory, especiallyforwords. Patientsbecomeweakandemaciatedquicklyandexcessivelywhen sick.Statesofsclerosis,neurologicaldisorders,paralysisandatrophies(importantaction onspinalmarrow),andtendencytopresentintestinalproblems.

Opium

Phosphorus

Plumbum metallicum

18

InternationalJournalofHighDilutionResearch,v.7,issue22,p.720,March2008 2008GIRI

Staphisagria

Hypersensitivetotheslightestmentalormoralimpressions;toslightestactionorinnocent wordoffendshim,hypersensitiveto the injuredself esteem (injured honor),feels heis unjustlytreatedandthatdoesnotdeservewhattheydotohim.Greatindignation regarding things done by other persons or even by himself; afflicts himself with the consequences.Disordersbyrepressedrage,withsilentsorrow,orexplosiveragethrowing objects.Illhumoredchildrenthatcryaskingthingsandwhenreceivethem,sassy,move orthrowaway. Sensitivetoinjusticessufferedorimaginary,aggravatesbyreproach. If insulted,istoodignifiedastofight,controlsrageandarrivesathomeill,tremblingand exhausted; fear of losing selfcontrol. Selfaggressive tendencies and to masturbation. Theme of dignity and sexuality (Masi Elizalde). ADD with impulsiveness and perturbationsofconduct.Hypersensitivetoinjury. Violentphysicalandintellectualagitation,intenseloquacity. Irrationalconduct, exalted imagination, indifferent to pain. Sardonic, incoherent and incessant laughter, prayer, pleadsfor,begs,squeaks,beats,bites,tears,scratches;doesnotbearstayingalone,worse inthedarkandbyloneliness.Hallucinationsthatfrightenthepatientandtriestoescape; imaginesallsortsofthings.Thepupilsdilatewheninfantisreproached;reddishandhot face, with cold hands and feet; circumscribed redness of the cheeks. Stammering. Convulsions. He curses, tears the clothes, exhibits himself, desires sto be naked, conversationwithangels.Intolerancetocontradiction,foolishorridiculousgestures,spites onthefaceofpeople,criesalternatingwithlaughter,dizzylaughterandfoolishbehavior. Hallucinations with mice, snakes and other animal, sees devils; confused fantasies, nocturnalterror. Seizespeopletofeelsecure.Attacksofrageandfuryalternatingwith depression and violent acts. Answers with irrelevances, difficulty of concentration. Themeoftrash(theplantgrowsinthetrash). Cheerful, jovial, funny, sociable, however impulsive, impatient and bungler. Tired, especiallyat11o'clock,indolent,aversiontophysicalefforts. Mentalabstraction,ADD with impulsiveness and conduct disorder, tendency to carelessness. Agitated, with difficultyoflearninganddisturbsofexpressivelanguage.Encopresis,enuresis,grindsthe teethandbiteshisownnails.Themeof merit ,judgesitselfworthyofallhonorsandglory or that deserves nothing (Masi Elizalde). Wants to be seizedby people to feel secure. Lively,imaginativespirit,impatience,howeverselfishandlazy. Physicalandmentalanxietytoointense,withgreatanxiety. Highlynervouschildren, constantmotionofthelegs,arms,withincapacitytodoanything;contractionsandstarts ofmuscles. Doesnottgetkeepquietinanyposition;needstokeepwalking,although symptomsgetworse.Hyperesthesia:theslightestexcitementirritateshimandisfollowed by sorrow. Hysteria, with extreme sexual excitement up to mania; tendency to masturbationandfondlesgenitals.Sensitivetosongs,dance,sings,excessivejoy.Crises of violent rage and does not want to be touched; pulls out clothes, exhibitionist and lascivious. Aggressive, perverse, sly, destructive tendency. Disobedient, does not obey rules. Aversiontocolorsred,green,yelloworblack. Greathyperactivity,withoutADD, butwithconductdisorder.Enuresis.

Stramonium

Sulphur

Tarentula hispanica

19

InternationalJournalofHighDilutionResearch,v.7,issue22,p.720,March2008 2008GIRI

Veratrum album

Always wants to be the first. Proud, extravagant, megalomaniac, liar, cheats, despises others,insolent.Wantstobelovedandaccepted,embraceseverybody.Ambitious,employs any means to obtain what he desires. Aggravates by the loss of objects. Theme of protection,ofapositioninthesociety,ahighplace;wantstobenexttothepowerfulto getprotection(MasiElizalde).Tendencytoslander,critic,rudeandrough,beatsthefeet anddoesnotadmitcontradiction.Conductdisorderaccentuatedandoppositionaldefiant. Enuresis,encopresis,grindstheteethduringsleepandbitesnails.Nervoustics. Patients with weak memory, aversion to work and to speak, lethargy and melancholy, aversiontoanswer,repeatsquestions,reflectslongbeforeanswering. Apprehensivefear byanimaginarycrime.Restlesssleepandwakesupfrightenedbynightmares.Patients with nervous and cerebral exhaustion, with absence of vitality, anemia and debility. Depressivestatesandirritationofnervoussystem,convulsions.Disordersbysuppressed eruptionsordischarges.Incessantandviolentlyrestlessinthelowerlimbsandfeet,also duringsleep.Generalanxiety,withautomaticmotionsofmouth,armsandhands(ticsand straight). Lasciviousness, with masturbation and great sexual excitement, fondles genitals. Makes mistakes in written and spoken expression, distracted and awkward, imprudent and hasty, quarrelsome, malicious. Encopresis and enuresis. Problem with force and power ,lackofstrengthtoarrivetohisgoalandremainsinthemiddleofthe way;problemsintheknees,whicharethecenterofpower(MasiElizalde).

Zincum metallicum

20