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# COURSE: B. Tech.

## YEAR: IV Year - Mechanical Engineering SUBJECT NAME: Resource Management

Part A:
UNIT I: Explain Resource, with an example Explain Linear Programming State the limitations of Linear Programming Explain Optimization State the necessary and sufficient conditions for Transportation problem to have a feasible solution 6. Which method is preferred to find the initial BFS for a Transportation problem? Why? 7. Explain Independent position in Transportation with an example 8. Compare Transportation problem and Assignment problem 9. How do we convert Maximization as Minimization in Transportation and Assignment problems 10. What are the Route conditions in Traveling Salesman problems? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Unit II: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Define Project Explain Dummy Activity, with an example State the rules for construction of a Project network How do we compute Early Start of an activity in project network? Compare CPM and PERT Explain Sequencing problem Explain No Passing Rule in Sequencing, with an example Explain the condition that needs to be checked for conversion of a multiple machine as a two machine sequencing problem 9. What are the Tie breaking rules in finding the optimal sequence by Johnsons method? 10. Whats Total Elapsed Time, in sequencing problem? UNIT III: 1. Whats Inventory? 2. Explain Safety Stock 3. What cost elements are considered in Inventory problems? 4. Whats Lead Time for procurement? 5. Explain Economic Order Quantity (EOQ)? 6. Explain Price Break 7. Explain ABC classification of Inventory 8. Explain VED classification of Inventory 9. Explain FNSD classification of Inventory 10. State the drawbacks of Inventory

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UNIT IV: 1. Describe Queueing System 2. State the Queue service discipline 3. What are the ways the customer behaves in Queueing system? 4. State Kendals notation for Queueing models 5. Explain Steady State in Queueing system 6. Whats Simulation? 7. Explain Monte-Carlo technique 8. Whats Random Number? 9. State an example of application of Simulation 10. What are the main limitations of Simulation? UNIT V: 1. What are the main properties of Game? 2. Whats a Pure Strategy? 3. Whats a Saddle Point? 4. Explain Dominance in Game 5. Whats a Pay-off Matrix? 6. State the reasons for Replacement? 7. On what basis do we decide the optimal replacement period for Capital Equipment? 8. Explain Present Worth Factor (pwf) 9. How do we decide the optimal Group Replacement period? 10. Compare Individual Replacement with Group Replacement

Part B:
UNIT I: 1. XYZ company manufactures cars and trucks in a factory with two shops viz., Assembly Shop and Finishing shop. Assembly shop takes 5 man-days for each truck and 2 man-days for each car. Finishing shop takes 3 man-day for either truck or car. Availability of man-days per week in Assembly shop is 180 and in Finishing shop is 135. The companys profit is Rs.300/truck and Rs. 200/car. Formulate the LPP model and find out the maximum profit for the optimum product mix of cars and trucks by Simplex method. 2. Find the Initial BFS for Transportation problem that follows, by all three methods: 10 13 4 14 3 60 20 9 5 7 12 60 5 12 7 1 5 20 7 8 9 0 19 10 SUPPLY 10 20 30 40 50 DEMAND

3. Determine the optimal solution for Transportation problem that follows. Use VAM to find the initial BFS. Page: 2 of 6

14 82 99 70

56 35 31 35

48 21 71 45

27 81 63 60

SUPPLY 70 47 93 DEMAND

4. Find the Optimal Assignment for Assignment problem that follows: 10 7 5 13 UNIT II: 1. Draw the Project Network and find the Critical Path, Project Duration; also calculate all the Floats; details follow: 11 11 6 15 4 10 9 11 2 14 12 10 8 12 14 7

## ACTIVITY DURATIO N (Days)

1-2 8

1-3 7

1-5 12

2-3 4

2-4 10

3-4 3

3-5 5

3-6 10

4-6 7

5-6 4

2. Draw the Project Network and determine the Critical Path, Expected Project Duration, Standard Deviation for Expected project duration and also the probability of completion of the project in 28 days; details follow:

ACTIVIT Y Immediat e Predecessor( s Optimistic Time (Days) Pessimisti c Time (Days) Most Likely Time (Days)

A -

B -

C -

D A

E A

F B

G C

H D

I E,F

15

14

30

17

15

27

12

11

3. Find out the Optimal Sequence and calculate Total Elapsed time and Idle time of machines; details follow:

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Processing order : M1 M2 M3 M4

## JOB Processing Time on M1 Processing Time on M2 Processing Time on M3 Processing Time on M4

J1 13
8 7 14

J2 12
6 8 19

J3 9
7 8 15

J4 8
5 6 15

4. Find the Total Elapsed time for the following 2-job problem by Graphical method: Processing order for Job1 : M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 Processing order for Job2 : M3 M1 M4 M5 M2

Job 1 Job 2
UNIT III:

M1 2 5

M2 3 6

Processing time on M3 4 4

M4 6 3

M5 2 2

1. Discuss Inventory models with relevant diagrams 2. A company produces a product at a rate of 2000units/month.The demand is 12000 units/year. The set-up cost is Rs.400/set-up and inventory holding cost is Rs.1.8/unit/year. Determine the optimum lot size, optimum time interval, optimum total average cost/unit time and maximum inventory. 3. The demand for a product is 200units/day. Ordering cost is Rs. 50/order, inventory holding cost is Rs. 2/unit/day and stock-out cost is Rs. 10/unit/day. Determine EOQ, optimum time interval, optimum total average cost/unit time and maximum inventory. 4. The demand for a product is 500 units/year. Inventory holding cost is 10% of the unit cost/unit/year. Ordering cost is Rs. 180/order. Determine EOQ; price break details follow:

Quantity, Q 0 Q < 500 500 Q < 1,500 1,500 Q < 3,000 3,000 Q
UNIT IV:

## Unit Cost (Rs.) 25.00 24.80 24.60 24.40

1. The mean arrival rate of customers for a particular service is Rs. 20/hr. Decide whether its better to have one server with a mean service rate of 22/hr or two servers in parallel with a mean service rate of 11/hr for each server. Assume system capacity is unlimited. Justify the decision.

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2. At a barber shop with one barber for service the capacity is a total of 5 customers. The mean arrival rate of customers is 5/hr. and mean service rate is 6/hr.. Find the average time a customer spends in the system. 3. Simulate a service station with one server for a period of 30 minutes and determine the average waiting time /customer and utilization of server. The inter-arrival time of customers and service times are constant and values are 1.5min. and 2 min. respectively. 4. The probability distribution for a automobile manufacturing units production quantity per day is given below:

Production/da y Probability

95 0.03

96 0.05

97 0.07

98 0.10

99 0.15

100 0.20

101 0.15

102 0.10

103 0.07

104 0.05

105 0.03

Finished vehicles are transported by a ferry at the end of each day. The ferry can accommodate only 101 vehicles. Simulate by Monte-Carlo technique for a period of 15days and determine the average number of vehicles waiting for shipment and average number of empty space in ferry. UNIT V: 1. Use Arithmetic method and determine the strategy and value of the following game: 0 2 1 1 0 2 2 1 0

2. Apply the Dominance principle to find out the strategy and Value of the following game: 3 3 4 0 2 4 2 4 4 2 4 0 0 4 0 8

3. A machine is procured for Rs.30,000 and its salvage value at the end of n years is 30,000 / (n+1). The annual operating and maintenance cost in I year is Rs.15,000 and increases by Rs.1,000 for each subsequent year for the first 5 years and increases by Rs.5,000 for each year thereafter. The interest rate is 10% per year Determine the optimal replacement period considering pwf. 4. Find out the Optimal group replacement period for a light bulb starting with 10,000 light bulbs. All these must be kept in working order. The individual replacement cost is Rs.1/bulb and group replacement cost is Rs.0.35/bulb. The probability distribution of bulb failure follows:

## Period Proportion failing

1 0.09

2 0.16

3 0.24

4 0.36

5 0.12

6 0.03

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