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CITYOFCLEVELAND,OHIO DEPARTMENTOFPUBLICUTILITIES CLEVELANDPUBLICPOWER

REQUESTFORINFORMATION ANDQUALIFICATIONS
FORA

MUNICIPALSOLIDWASTETOENERGYFACILITY

September1,2011

TableofContents
Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 16 17 18 19 21 23

SubmissionInstructions . . . . . . Definitions . . . . . . . . Introduction . . . . . . . . Background . . . . . . . . ScopeofInformationRequest . . . . . GeneralProjectInformation . . . . . . AirPermitApplication . . . . . . EconomicBenefits . . . . . . . RidgeRoadTransferStation . . . . . . . . CommerciallyAvailableConversionTechnology . ProjectDesignObjectives . . . . . . TradeSecrets . . . . . . . . RequestedForInformation . . . . . . EvaluationofResponses . . . . . . RequestForQualifications . . . . . . Attachments Attachment1CityofClevelandWasteCompositionStudy Attachment2CityofClevelandAirPermitApplication

SubmissionInstructions
SubmissionRequirements: 1. ResponsestothisRequestforInformation(RFI)shouldbeformattedin12pointTimes NewRomanfont,appropriateforprintingonsinglesided,singlespaced8.5by11inch paper,with1inchmargins. 2. Provideaonepagecoversheetthatidentifiesthetitle,organization(s),respondent's technicalandadministrativepointsofcontactincludingnames,addresses,phoneand faxnumbers,andemailaddressesofallcoauthors. 3. Aonepageexecutivesummary. 4. Pleaseprovidedetailedinformationregardingyourcompanysproductsorservicesthat mayassistthedevelopmentofthedescribedProject.

SubmissionInstructions: All information submitted in response to this request must be submitted electronically to Lissett Capeles at lcapeles@cpp.org or Aliea McBooth at amcbooth@cpp.org by 5:00 pm EasternTimeonThursday,December1,2011.AllsubmissionsmustbeineitherMSWordor PDFformat. ContactPerson: FormoreinformationonthisRFI,contactLissettCapeles,at2166643922#281orat lcapeles@cpp.orgorAlieaMcBoothat2166643922#282oramcbooth@cpp.org. DISCLAIMER: ThisRFIisissuedasameansoftechnicaldiscoveryandinformationgathering.Itisforplanning purposesonlyandshouldnotbeconstruedasasolicitationoranobligationonthepartofthe CityofCleveland(City)tomakeanypurchasesorenterintoanycontracts.Participationinthis RFIisvoluntaryandtheCitywillnotpayforthepreparationof:(1)anyinformationsubmitted byarespondent;or(2)theCitysuseofthatinformation.Respondentsdonotneedtoprepare detailedproposalsatthisstagebutshouldprovidebasicinformationregardingtheircapabilities andanindicationastohowtheywouldapproachworkingwiththeCityofClevelandtoachieve theProjectDesignObjectives.
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Definitions
AshResidualsubstanceproducedduringtheburning,combustionoroxidationofwaste materials. BaghouseAirpollutioncontroldevicethatremovesparticulatesoutofairorgasreleased fromcommercialprocessesorcombustionforelectricitygeneration. BestAvailableTechnology(BAT)Referstothemoststringenttechnologyavailablefor controllingemissions. BoilerAnenclosedvesselinwhichwaterisheatedandcirculatedassuperheatedsteamfor thepurposeofheating,powering,and/orproducingelectricity. CarbonFootprintMeasureoftheimpactouractivitieshaveontheenvironment. CurbsideCollectionArecyclingprogramwhererecyclablematerialsarecollectedfromhomes orplacesofbusinessbymunicipalorprivatepartiesfortransfertoadesignatedcollectionsite orrecyclingfacility. DioxinsDioxinsareaclassofchemicalcontaminantsthatareformedduringcombustion processessuchaswasteincineration. EnvironmentalProtectionAgency(EPA)AfederalagencyoftheU.S.governmentthatsets environmentalprotectionandenforcementstandards. FerrousmetalsMetalsormetalalloysthatcontaintheelementiron.Allferrousmetalsare magneticandtypicallycontainsmallamountsofothermetalstoprovidespecificproperties. GasificationAthermochemicalprocessthatconvertscarboncontainingmaterialssuchas wasteorothermaterialsintoasynthesisgas(syngas). LandfillAlarge,outdoorsitefortheburialofsolidwaste. MaterialsRecoveryFacility(MRF)Afacilitythatsortsandprocessescollectedrecyclablesfor endusers. Metals:Chemicalelementorcompoundthatisagoodconductorofbothelectricityandheat andformsionicbondswithnonmetals. MunicipalSolidWaste(MSW)Awastetypeconsistingofeverydayitemsthatareconsumed anddiscardwhichpredominantlyincludesfoodwastes,yardwastes,containersandproduct packaging,andothermiscellaneousinorganicwastesfromresidentialandsomecommercial sources.
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NitrogenOxide(NOx)GenerictermforthemonoNitrogenoxidesanddioxides.Theseare producedfromthereactionofNitrogenandOxygengasesintheairduringcombustion, especiallyathightemperatures.Inatmosphericchemistry,NOxreactswithmoistureandother chemicalstoformsmogandacidrain.NOxarealsocentraltotheformationoftroposphere ozone. ParticulateMatter(PM)Atermusedforthemixtureofsolidparticlesandliquiddroplets foundintheair.Someparticles,suchasdust,dirt,soot,orsmoke,arelargeordarkenoughto beseenwiththenakedeye.Othersaresosmalltheycanonlybedetectedusinganelectron microscope.Someformincomplicatedreactionsintheatmospherefromchemicalssuchas sulfurdioxidesandnitrogenoxidesthatareemittedfrompowerplants,industriesand automobiles. RecyclableProductsormaterialsthatcanbecollected,separatedandprocessedtobeusedas rawmaterialsinthemanufactureofnewproducts. RefuseDerivedFuel(RDF)Aproductderivedfromthephysicaltransformationofwaste materialsbysegregating,crushingandmixinghighandlowvalueheatcontentorganicwaste materialandsolidifyingittoproducefuelpelletsorbriquettes.Theprocessenrichesthe organiccontentthroughremovalofinorganicmaterialsandmoisture. ResidentialWaste:Wastegeneratedbysingleormultifamilyhomeswhichincludesmaterials suchasnewspapers,clothing,foodpackaging,foodscrapsandyardtrimmings,bottlesand cans. SingleStreamRecyclingArecyclingprocessinwhichallrecyclablematerialsarecollected mingledtogetherwithoutseparation. SulfurDioxideApungent,colorless,gasformedprimarilybythecombustionoffossilfuels. Syntheticgas(syngas)Agasconsistingprimarilyofhydrogenandcarbonmonoxidewithhalf theenergydensityofnaturalgas.Syngasiscombustibleandoftenusedasafuelorasan intermediatefortheproductionofotherchemicals. TransferStationFacilitywheresolidwasteistransferredfromcollectionvehiclestolarger trucksorrailcarsforlongerdistancetransport. TippingFeeThepriceindividuals,communitiesandtrashhaulerspaytodisposeofwasteata landfill. TippingFloorTheflatsurfaceonwhichthearrivingtrashtrucksdumptheirloadatawaste processingfacility.
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TurbineAdevicethatusessteamtodriveageneratorwhichthenproduceselectricity. WasteCollectionThecomponentofwastemanagementwhichresultsinthepassageofa wastematerialfromthesourceofproductiontoeitherthepointoftreatmentorfinaldisposal. WasteStreamThetotalflowofsolidwastefromhomes,businesses,institutionsand manufacturingplantsandotherlocationsthatmustberecycled,gasifiedordisposedofin landfills. WasteToEnergyFacilityAfacilitywhererecoveredwastematerialsareconvertedintoa usableformofenergy.

Introduction
TheDepartmentofPublicUtilities(DPU)operatestheDivisionofClevelandPublicPower(CPP) forthepurposeofsupplyingelectricpowertocustomerslocatedintheCityofCleveland. Presently,CPPspurchasingnearly100%ofitselectricpowerneedsfromthemarket.This projectwillallowCPPtomeetthegoalofreducingCleveland'sdependencyonfossilfuelwhile alsoallowingCPPtheabilitytoinvestinlocalgenerationprojectsthatsatisfytheCityselectric generationportfoliodiversificationrequirements.,Tothatend,CPPhasappliedforanair permitforaMunicipalSolidWastetoEnergy(MSWE)Facility(theProject)attheCityof ClevelandsRidgeRoadTransferStation.CPPhasanelectricsubstationonthetransferstation propertywhichconnectstothegridat69KV. TheCityofClevelandDepartmentofPublicWorksoperatestheDivisionofWasteCollection andDisposal(DWC).TheDivisionprovidesweeklycollectionofwastefrom155,000Cleveland homes,theCityofClevelandsWestSideMarket,FireandPoliceStations,theJusticeCenter, CityHallandotherCitybuildingsandpublicareas.DWCoperatestheRidgeRoadTransfer Station,amunicipalsolidwastefacilitylocatedat3727RidgeRoad,Cleveland,Ohio44144.. Municipalsolidwasteisbroughttothetransferstationviawastecollectionvehicles.Thewaste isgatheredandloadedintotransporttrucksandthentakentolandfills. TheproposedMSWEfacilityshallutilizethermalandphysicalconversiontechnologiesto processmunicipalsolidwaste(MSW)fromtheCityofClevelandandothercommunities.This processwillallowtheCityofClevelandtogenerateelectricityandwillproduceanumberof marketablebyproducts,suchasrecyclables,refusederivedfuel(RDF)pellets,steam,and possiblydecorativebricks. Ataminimum,thefacilityshallprocesstheMSWandrecyclablesasfollows:curbside collection;MSWhandlingandprocessingatanewMaterialRecoveryFacility;recycling;sorting andshredding;creationofRDFpellets;conversionofMSWtosyntheticgas;steamproduction, electricpowergenerationandtreatmentofemissionstomeetenvironmentalregulations. ThisfacilityshallenabletheCityofClevelandtoproduceelectricpowerlocally,utilizeMSWasa fuelsource,andalsoassistCPPinmeetingtheCityofClevelandsAdvancedEnergyPortfolio Standard(AEPS).TheAEPSrequiresCPPtopurchaseatleast15%ofitsbaseloadpowerfrom advancedandrenewablesourcesby2015. ThroughtheissuanceofthisRFI,theCityinvitesinterestedpartiestoproviderelevant informationregardinghowtheCitymaybestdevelopawastetoenergyfacility.Inordertobe considered,informationprovidedmustbeconsistentwiththerequirementssetforthinthis RFI.

Background
In2007,ClevelandPublicPower(CPP)createdaspecialprojectteamtoinvestigatethe productionofelectricpowerusingmunicipalsolidwasteasthefeedstock.Sincethattimethe Teamhasresearchedtheissues;attendedpresentations;hostedmeetingsontechnology options;visitedwastetoenergyfacilities,materialrecoveryfacilities,recyclingfacilities,and refusederivedfuelproductionfacilities;attendedwastetoenergyconferences;andmade recommendationsregardingthetechnologiesavailableforpowergeneration,suchas incinerationandgasification.Basedontheinformationgathered,gasificationappearedto presentCPPwitharenewableenergysourcethatwouldconvertMSWintoasyntheticgasfor powerproductionandhaveadditionalpositiveenvironmentalimpacts,suchasthe minimizationofmaterialssenttolandfillsandlowairemissionimpacts. InadditiontocreatingelectricpowerfromMSW,CPPisalsolookingintoreducingClevelands dependencyonelectricpowerpurchasesandtheelectrictransmissiongrid.CPPobtainedthe servicesofRNRConsulting,URSCorp.,DLZOhioIncandCloud&Associatestoassessthe feasibilityofaMunicipalSolidWasteFacilityattheClevelandsRidgeRoadTransferStation. TheConsultantassembledateamexperiencedintechnicalanalysesofgasification technologies,environmentalpermittingandregulations,trafficstudies,financialanalysisand communityassessments.TheConsultantalsoconductedduediligenceanddataoriented researchthroughdiscussionswithgasificationtechnologyfirmstoanalyzeexistingdata.The Consultantfoundthatgasificationandsteamcompressiontechnologieswerescientifically sound,presentnumerousopportunitiesforeconomicgrowthanddevelopment,and recommendedsiteinspectionstoseegasificationfacilitiesinoperation. In2009,theCitycreatedaMSWESteeringTeam.ThisTeamwascomprisedoflocalinterested partieswithrelatedprojectexperienceandCityemployees.TheTeamwascreatedtoguidethe developmentoftheCitysMSWEProjectandparticipatedindetailedbriefingonClevelands proposedsystemdesign,themanytypesofgasificationtechnologiesused,recycling,the feasibilitystudyfindings,economicdevelopmentregionalimpactsandmore. InAugustof2009,adelegationcomprisedofCityofficialsandMSWESteeringTeammembers visitedwastetoenergyfacilitiesinJapanandChina.Theobjectivesofthetripweretoobserve thetechnologiesinoperation,assessenvironmental/communityimpactsatoperatingfacilities andinterviewpersonnel.DuringtheirvisitstheyobservedKinseiSangyoCompany,a gasificationtechnologycompany,thathasbeeninoperationsince1967andhasover200 gasificationplantsinoperationinAsia.ThedelegationvisitedKinseisheadquartersand demonstrationplantandalsotwolargecustomerinstallations.Bothcustomerfacilitieswere locatedinenvironmentallyandresidentiallysensitiveareas.
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In2010,theCityofClevelandandPrincetonEnvironmentalGroupenteredintoapreliminary FacilityDesignAgreementfortheMSWEproject.TheClevelandPrincetonMSWEFacility DesignagreementprovidesthatPEGdevelopnonconstructiondesignsthatgenerallydescribe thedesiredfacility,andsubmitanairpermitapplicationforagasificationfacility.The preliminaryFacilityDesignalongwiththeresultsofthisRFIwillbeusedbytheCityasitselects consultantsandcontractorstofurtherdevelopandconstructClevelandsMSWEfacility.The CityiswaitingforOhioEPAsreviewofthepermitapplication,andexpectsPEGsfinalreportby theendofthisyear. Theprojectdefinedinthisdocumentshallbedesignedtomeetgovernmentaland environmentalregulationswhilemaintainingcapacity,efficiency,reliabilityandachievingsafety goals.

ScopeofInformationRequest
TheCityofClevelandrequestsinformationandqualificationsfromthermalconversion technologyproviders,wastehandlingequipmentsuppliers,projectdevelopers,consultantsand financialservicescompanies.RespondentsthatmeettheCitysminimumcriteria(see EvaluationofResponsesbelow)shallbeprequalifiedforfurtherparticipationinProject development.TheCitycannotassureanyRespondentthatitwillbedeemedqualifiedfor furtherparticipation,nordoestheCityguaranteethatitwillenterintoanycontractwithany respondentorserviceprovider. Asinglerespondentmayrecommendoneormoreprojectdevelopmentoptions.ThisRFIisnot arequestfortheproposalforservices.Itisintendedtoprovidefordisclosureofnon proprietaryprojectinformationforpublicrelease.Thisincludesanytechnical,environmental, oreconomicinformationneededinordertopromotethedevelopmentoftheproject.Tothe extentthatanyrespondentprovidesconfidentialorproprietaryinformation,suchinformation mustbeclearlymarkedandwillbetheresponsibilityoftherespondenttodefendagainstany openrecordschallenges.(ForfurtherinstructionregardingproprietaryinformationseeTrade Secretsbelow.)

GeneralProjectInformation
CurrentMSWCapacity TheCityofClevelandsRidgeRoadTransferStationhasadailyMSWcapacityof3,000tons(264 daysofoperation). TheRidgeRoadTransferStationcollects230,000tonsperyearandhasaveragedailycollections ofMSW(includingrecyclables)duringSummerandWinterasfollows: Onpeak Offpeak 991tonsdaily(MarchNovember) 756tonsdaily(DecemberFebruary)

RidgeRoadtotalcapacityis3,000tonsperdayandhasanunusedcapacityasfollows: Onpeak Offpeak 2009tonsdaily 2244tonsdaily

WhyThisOptionforCleveland? Clevelandisuniqueinthatit: OwnstheMSW Ownsthegarbagetrucks Collectsitsownwaste HasahighvolumeandvarietyofMSW Ownsthetransferstation Hasitsownelectricsystemwithdirectaccesstotheelectricgrid Managesitsownwatersystem Purchases99.9%ofitspowerforCPP,itsmunicipalelectricutility,fromthepower marketvialongandshorttermcontracts ImposesonCPP,anAdvancedEnergyPortfolioStandard. ClevelandsTopPrioritiesfortheproject: ObtainelectricpowergenerationtoreduceCPPsmarketdependence ProduceelectricgenerationthathelpsmeettheCitysAEPSgoals Createanenvironmentallyconsciouswastetoenergyfacility MinimizeMSWsenttolandfill Reduceitswastemanagementdisposalcost AchieverecyclingonaCitywidebasis Achieveaselfsustainingsystem
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GasificationSystemOperation BasedonthePreliminaryDesigncurrentlyunderdevelopmentbyPrincetonEnvironmental Group,Clevelandsfacilitywouldhavefourgasificationlineswithtwobatchgasifiersoperating intandemineachline. KinseiGasifierMaxOperation Schedule:12hoursperdaypergasifier(365daysperyear) Feedstock:70tonsofMSW/batch. Cycle: OnebatchofMSWwillbeprocessedeachdayineachgasifier.

AirPermitApplication
TheCityofClevelandsubmittedanairpermitapplicationtoOhioEPAonMarch11,2011.The Applicationiscurrentlyunderagencyreview.Theairpermitapplicationisbasedonemissions usingKinseiSangyogasificationtechnology.TheCityofClevelandwillbidoutallaspectsofthe projectincludingthethermalcombustioncomponentoftheproject.IfKinseiwinsthebid,the CitywillproceedwiththeKinseigasifier.Ifnot,theCitywillusesomeotherthermalconversion technology.However,thewinningapplicantmustataminimumperformatthelevelofthe KinseitechnologyemissionsintheClevelandairpermit. TheBestAvailableTechnology(BAT)standardsapply.TheNationalSourcePerformance Standards(NSPS)subpartAAAAappliestosmallmunicipalwastecombustionunitsforwhich constructionoccurredafterAugust30,1999.TheNSPSsubpartEbappliestonewsource performancestandardsforlargemunicipalwastecombustorsconstructedafterSeptember20, 1994.Clevelandsfacilityasproposedwillemitpollutantsatorbelowalloftheselevels.The BATlimitsproposedfortheCPPprojectareequivalentto,ormorestringentthan,eachofthe relevantbenchmarks.(SeetheApplicationinAttachment2). AlthoughairqualitymodelingisnotrequiredpursuanttoOhioEPAEngineeringGuide#69for mercuryordioxin,CPPelectedtoincludemodelingforthosetwopollutantstodemonstrate thattheimpactfromtheproposedfacilityisfarlessthanlevelsthatunderOhioEPAAirToxic PolicyOptionA.Thisrequirementwillapplytoanythermalconversiontechnologythat replacestheoneidentifiedintheapplication. OhioEPArequiredthatanairqualitycomputermodelanalysisbeperformedontheproposed Clevelandfacility.ThemodelcompletedbyGTEnvironmentalpredictshowdifferentair pollutantstravelawayfromthesourceofpollution.Basedonthemodelinganalysis,the predictedmaximumoffsiteairqualityimpactforeachpollutantemittedbytheoperationof theproposedCPPfacilityiswellwithintheguidelinesestablishedbyOhioEPA.This
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requirementwillalsoapplytoanythermalconversiontechnologythatreplacestheone identifiedintheapplication. TheCitywillworkwithOhioEPAsDivisionMaterialsandWasteManagement(DivisionofSolid &InfectiousWasteManagement)asnecessarytoensureprojectcompliancewithallsolid wastelaws.

OtherEnvironmentalImpactsoftheProposedFacility:
Odorcontrolsystemsthatremovemorethan95%ofairborneodor Primarilywatervaporemissions(noblack/graysmoke) Noincreasedorhighvolumenoise Mustberesidentialneighborhoodfriendly Thefacilitymustbeenclosedandwillhaveevenlessodorthanthecurrenttransfer stationoperation Atthecurrentlevel,approximately240varioustypesoftrucksgoinandoutofthe RidgeRoadTransferStationeachday.(Atfullcapacity,thefacilitycouldreceive3,000 tonsperdayandwouldresultin550trucksperday.) MSWreceivedwillbeprocessedeachday.

SustainabilityGoals UnderClevelandsAdvancedEnergyPortfolioStandard(AEPS), ClevelandPublicPowerwillproduceand/orpurchasegenerationfromAdvancedEnergy Sources,whichincludetheMSWEProject,tomeetthefollowinggoalsandtimelines: AEP 15% 20% 25% TargetYear 2015 2020 2025

AdvancedEnergyPortfolioStandards(AEPS)FuelSources TheCityofClevelandsAdvancedEnergyPortfolioStandardsencouragesthe developmentofdiverseandalternativeenergyresourcesandwillallowCPPtousethe followingsourcestomeettheabovegoals: Cogenerationusingcoaland/orRDF DistributedGeneration


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FuelCells PelletsRefuseDerivedFuels Lowimpacthydropower WindPower Biomass SolarPower LandfillGas SolarPhotovoltaic SolarThermalResources

ProjectRelatedRecyclingGoals TheProjectwillexpandtheCityscurvesiderecyclingprogramwhich currentlycovers1520%oftheCity.Oncefullyimplemented,allresidents willbeabletoextractrecyclablesfromtheirhouseholdwasteandbe allowedtocomingletheminadesignatedbin.TheadditionofaMaterial RecoveryFacilityandonsitesortingwillgreatlyincreasethematerial diversionrate. ThecurbsiderecyclingandautomatedpickupprogramwillsavetheCity moneyandsignificantlyincreasingtherecyclingrate.

EconomicBenefits
EstimatedJobsperComponent TheMSWEfacilitywilloperate24/7in3shifts.Fulltimestaffingneedsareasfollows: CollectionProcess: N/A WasteSorting: 2436 WasteProcessing: 1218 RDFDevelopment: 1824 GasificationOperation: 1824 PowerPlantOperation: 1824 TotalDirectJobs: 90126 RegionalBenefits ParticipatingMunicipalitiesthatbringtheirMSWtotheRidgeRoadTransferStationwillenjoy thefollowingbenefits: Payaprocessingfeethatiscompetitiveandlowerthantheircurrenttippingfee ExperiencelowerMSWtransportationcostsincetheirMSWwillnotbetruckedmiles awaytoalandfill
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ReducedcarbonemissionscausedbytruckingMSWlongdistancestolandfills Lowercarbonfootprint

RidgeRoadTransferStation
TippingFloorView


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ViewShowingOnSiteElectricSubstation

RidgeRoadTransferStation(ExistingLayoutAerialView)


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ConceptualLayout(everythingisenclosed)

CommerciallyAvailableConversionTechnology
Clevelandnarrowedtheselectionprocessforwastetoenergythermalconversiontechnologies basedonthefollowingcriteria:propertechnologyapplicationforitswastestream;proven reliability;abilitytoobtainanairpermit;andcommerciallyviabletechnology. (1)ApplicableTechnology SeveraltechnologiesthatcouldnotbedemonstratedasfeasibleoptionsfortheCity'sproject wereeliminatedfromconsideration.Forexample,althoughincinerationisrecognizedas technicallyfeasiblesamestillholdunfavorableviewsontheenvironmentalimpactsofthis technology.Anotherexampleincludesaerobicandanaerobicdigestion.Botharenotapplicable orwellsuitedfortheMSWstreamreceivedbytheCity.CPPalsoeliminatedlandfillgas collectionandcombustionbecausetheCitydoesnotownoroperatethelandfillsthatreceive itsMSWandthelandfillsarenotlocatednearaCitygridconnection.Bothgasificationand pyrolysistechnologiesappearasapplicableoptions.Sincetheyappeartopresentfewer environmentalconcerns,havehigherpublicsupport,andwillworkwellwiththeCityswaste stream.
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(2)ProvenReliability Clevelandisinterestedinwastetoenergytechnologythathasaproventrackrecordofsuccess onacommercialscale.Eligiblethermalconversiontechnologiesmustbeinoperationforat leastfiveyearsanddemonstrateatleastonesuccessfulcommercialoperation.Afurther requirementisthatthetechnologieshaveatleastacleardemonstrationofaheterogeneous feedstock,suchasMSW,beingreliablyprocessedwiththetechnology. (3)AirPermiteligible Respondentsmustmeetthequalifyingcriteria,emissionlimitations,conditionsofoperation andrequirementsasstipulatedbytheairpermitapplicationsubmittedtotheOhioEPAon March11,2011,andanypermitthatOhioEPAissues.Theairpermitapplicationisbasedon emissionsusingKinseiSangyogasificationtechnology.However,thewinningapplicantmust performatleastaswellastheemissionsintheClevelandairpermitapplication. (4)CommerciallyViable Clevelandisinterestedinreceivinginformationonwastemanagement,materialsrecoveryand wastetoenergytechnologiesthatarecommerciallyviable.Proposedtechnologiesmusthavea provencommercialtrackrecordandhistoryofsuccessfulinstallationsforaminimumoffive(5) years.Technologiesandprocessesmustbescalableandsuitablefortherangeofvolumeof MSWreceivedandprocessedbytheClevelandtransferstation.(SeeAttachment1Cityof ClevelandWasteCompositionStudy).

ProjectDesignObjectives
ProjectObjectives: Theprojectwillbebasedonaproformathatincludesrevenuestreamsfromthesaleof sorted,bundled,andpackagedrecycledgoods;electricity;wasteprocessingfees(to replacetippingfees);thesaleofrefusederivedfuelpellets;anduseoftheashby productthatremainsaftergasification. TheprojectwillbeacompleteMSWdisposaltechnologyfacility,includingequipmentto receive,sort,andprocessMSW,convertMSWintoarangeofmarketableproducts,such asfuels,electricity,chemicals,fertilizer,and/orcompost,andmarketablebyproducts suchasglass,metals,paper,ash,andslag. TheprojectwillincludetheproductionofanRDFpelletwhichwillserveastheprimary feedstockforthethermalconversiontechnologyselected.Excesspelletsmaybesoldto alocalcompanythatiscurrentlyusingcoalforsteamproduction.TheRDFpelletmust beenvironmentallyfriendly. OnlytheRDFpelletwillbefeedintotheconversiontechnologyofchoice. Theproposedprojectisdesignedtogasifytheequivalentof560tonsofMSWperday. Thewinningtechnologymustprocessthesameamountataminimum.
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Theprojectistobemodularindesignwitheachcomponentbeingavailableforbid and/orsuppliedbydifferentvendors. TheprojectistointegratewiththeCitysRidgeRoadTransferStation. Theprojectistobecapableofdivertingatleast90%(byweight)ofthepostrecycled municipalsolidwastefromlandfillandproducefeedstockforthermalconversion. Theprojectmustbecapableofsustainedoperationatatippingfee/processingfee competitivewithlocalmarketconditions. Theprojectistobeastateoftheartfacilitymaximizingtheuseofsustainable constructionandoperationpracticessuchasonsiterecycling/reuse,energy conservation,LEEDcertification,andothersimilarpractices.

TradeSecrets
TheCityissubjecttotheOhioPublicRecordsActfoundinOhioRevisedCodeSection149.43. Oneexceptiontothedefinitionofpublicrecordistradesecretinformation,asdefinedinOhio RevisedCodesection1333.61.Allinformationidentifiedbytherespondentasqualifiedfor tradesecretstatusmustbeaccompaniedbyanexplanationofhowthatinformationqualifies asatradesecretunderthedefinitionfoundinOhiolaw.TheCitymaythenwithhold informationfromanythirdpartieswhorequestaccesstosuchinformation,absentacourt ordertoprovidesuchinformation.Bysubmittingitsinformation,respondentagreesto indemnifyanddefendanychallenge,claimorlawsuitagainsttheCitybaseduponorrelatedto theCitysrefusaltoprovideinformationtoathirdpartybecauseithasbeenidentifiedastrade secretprotectedbytherespondent.UponnotificationtorespondentthattheCityhasbeen namedinanyactiontoobtainaccesstorespondentsidentifiedtradesecrets;respondentshall enteritsappearanceintheactionandassumethecompletedefense.Respondentshallhold harmlessandreleasetheCityfromanyandallliabilitywithrespecttoanycourtordered disclosureofinformationidentifiedbyrespondentastradesecretprotected.

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RequestForInformation
Respondentsmayrespondtoanyorallofthefollowingquestionsbutarenotrequiredto respondtoeachquestion. TheCityisrequestinginformationonthermalconversiontechnologieslimitedtogasification andpyrolysisaswellasphysicalconversiontechnologiesthatconvertMSW,aftertheremoval ofrecyclablegoods,intofeedstockforthethermalconversionprocess.Theoutputofthe conversionprocessmustbetheproductionofsyntheticgasthatwillbeusedforelectric generationproduction.Theresidualsafterthethermalconversionprocessmustbeausable, marketablebyproduct.

TheCitysubmittedanairpermitapplicationtotheOhioEPAbasedongasificationtechnology offeredbyKinseiSangyoofJapan.Kinseihasofferedgasificationtechnologythathasbeenin useformorethan30years.TheCitysairpermitapplicationisattachedasAttachment2.

Q.1ThermalConversionTechnology
Discusswhetherthereareothergasificationorpyrolysistechnologiesthatcouldmeet theprojectsrequirementsandoperatewithintheemissionlimitsintheairpermit applicationor,uponissuance,theairpermit.TheOhioEPAand/orFederalguidelines mayfurtherclarifypermissibleprojectemissions.

Q.2RespondentProjectDevelopmentRecommendations
Respondentsareaskedtodescribeacompleteprocess(i.e.,preprocessing,conversion, andpostprocessing/managementofproductsandresidue,refusederivedfuel productionandelectricenergygeneration)forafacilitythatisfullyintegratedwiththe Citysexistingwastemanagementinfrastructure,theRidgeRoadTransferStation operations,andtheProjectObjectives.

Q.3 DesignApproach
Describe,innarrativeform,adesignapproachfortheproposedproject.Theapproach shoulddescribetheproposedtechnicalconceptfortheproject,includingadescription ofhowthefacilitywillworkfromreceiptofwastetoprocessingofwastethroughthe facilityandproductionofproducts.Thenarrativedescriptionshouldbeinsufficient detailtodemonstratethattheapproachwillsubstantiallycomplywiththeProject Objectives.


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Q.4 GenericFacilityDesign
a) Provideagenericfacilitysitelayout,equipmentgeneralarrangement,andschematic processflowdiagramfortheprojectattheRidgeRoadTransferStation. b) Provideageneraldescriptionofmajorsystemcomponentsforacommercialfacility, includinggascleanuptechnologiesandairpollutioncontroltechnologies,asapplicable. c) Identifytheminimumnumberofacresrequiredfordevelopmentoftheprojectaswell asthepreferredacreageifdifferentfromtheacreageavailablefortheRidgeRoad TransferStation.TheRidgeRoadTransferStationsitsonan8acresite.

Q.5TippingFees
Discussanytippingfeestabilizationorrampupconcerns. ProvideinformationtodemonstratetheProjectiscapableofsustainedoperationata marketcompetitivetipfee/processingfeeoverthetermofoperation. IfitisCityownedandoperated,discussthepossibilityoftheCitybeingabletoreduce itswasteprocessingfee(whichwillreplacethetippingfee)oncethefacilityisfully operational.

Q.6PublicorPrivateOwnership
DiscusstradeoffsofprivateownershipversesCityownershipandoperationonanot forprofitselfsustaining,enterprisefundbasis.

Q.7 ProjectFunding
DiscusswhethertheProjectmaybebestfundedthroughprivateorpublicsources Debtfinancing: o Commerciallending o Taxexemptbondsortaxablebonds o Taxincentivesforprivateinvestors Stateand/orFederalfinancingassistancesuchasgrantsorloanguarantees. Financingthroughtheprepaymentofelectricity. Identifyothercreativefinancingapproachesthathaveworkedonotherprojects.

Q.10TechnologyInformation
Pleaseprovidethefollowinginformationfor(a)gasificationorpyrolysistechnology;(b) materialrecoveryfacilities;and(c)refusederivedfuelproductiontechnologyproviders: Providealistofoperatingfacilities,sizeofsuchfacilities,descriptionofwhetherthey arecommercialordemonstrationfacilities,dateplacedinoperation,andcurrentstatus. Ofthelist,identifythosefacilitiesthatareconsideredbytheRespondenttobe referencefacilities,inthattheymostcloselyrepresentthetechnologyrequestedforthe CitysProject.


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Q. 11ReferenceTechnologies
Foreachreferencefacilityandtechnologyidentifiedinresponsetoquestion10above, pleaseprovidethefollowingasapplicable: 1. facilitynameandlocation; 2. facilitydescription,includingprocessflowdiagram; 3. facilityownerandoperator; 4. developmentstatus(demonstrationorcommercialfacility); 5. datesinoperation 6. designcapacity(tpd); 7. demonstratedoperatingcapacity(tpd); 8. numberofunitsandunitcapacity(tpd); 9. annualavailability; 10. Output(designatetheunitsMW,Btu,tons/day,etc.); 11. annualoperatinghours; 12. typeandquantityofwasteprocessed; 13. typeofproductsenergy,fuels,compost,etc.andmarketabilityofsame; 14. environmentalperformance,permitcompliancehistory; 15. usersatisfaction; 16. otherrelevantinformationthatdemonstratesreadinessandreliabilityofthe technology;and 17. photographsofthefacility/technologyinoperation.

EvaluationofResponses
TheCitywillevaluateresponsesbasedonthefollowingcriteria: Clarityandcompletenessofsubmission GeneralreviewofRespondentexperience Experienceinworkingwithpublicagenciesintheanalysis,planningand/or implementationofinfrastructureprojects Ifaprovideroftechnology,respondentmustbetheownerofthetechnology,or otherwiseholdtheappropriatelicensesoragreementstomarket,develop,warranty, and(ifoperatingservicesareoffered)operateandmaintainthetechnologyfor longtermperiods(e.g.,10or20years) Thetechnologymustbereadyforimmediate,commercialdevelopment.The RespondentshalldemonstratesuchreadinessbydocumentingwithitsRFIresponse thatthetechnologyhaspreviouslyoperatedineitheracommercialapplicationand/or fordemonstrationpurposes,processingMSWcomparabletothecharacteristicsof MSWdescribedinAttachment1. Thetechnologymusthaveanexistingreferencefacility(demonstrationorcommercial) thatcanbevisitedtoobservethetechnologyinoperation.TheRFIresponsemust provideinformationonthatreferencefacility,includingitslocationandoperatingstatus.
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Thetechnologymustprovideforbeneficialuseofwastethroughtheproductionoffuel and/orenergy,compost,andothermarketableproducts,asapplicable,evidencedbydefined marketsforallsuchproducts. Specificexperiencewithsolidwasteand/orrenewableenergyprojectfinancings and/orprojectrelatedfinancialadvisoryengagements Familiaritywithandunderstandingofsolidwasteconversiontechnologiesand renewableenergytechnologiesandprojectstructures(e.g.,inputandouttake contracts,securityandguaranteerequirements,riskallocation,etc.). ExperienceintheevaluationofState/Federalgrantand/orfinancialincentivesand subsidyprogramsand/ortheinclusionofState/Federalgrantsand/orother subsidiesinfinancingstructures Forinvestmentbankersand/orlenders,whatpositions/roleshavetheyheldinprior transactions

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RequestForQualifications
ThisRFQistoenabletheCitytobettergaugethemeritsoftheresponsessubmittedtotheRFI. Responsesmaybesubmittedbyawiderangeofinterestedparties(thermalconversion technologysuppliers,MRFdesignersandMRFequipmentsuppliers,recyclingequipment suppliers,systemcontrolsuppliers,electricgenerationequipmentsuppliers,developers, projectfinancersandmore)andthosethatarefoundtobequalifiedwillbecontactedand prequalifiedastheCityproceedswithprojectdevelopment.TheCityreservestherighttoseek additionalinformation,beforequalifyingrespondentsandtherighttonotqualifyany respondent. (A) ForThermalconversiontechnologycompanies,pleaseprovidecompleteanswersto thefollowing: 1: NameofFirm;Nameoftechnology;PrincipalContactPerson;Address; Telephone/Fax;andEmail. 2: Pleaseprovidebackgroundinformationaboutyourcompany.Includecompany history,location(s),majoraccomplishmentsandbiosofyourkeypersonnel. 3: Listanyreferencefacilitiesorprojects,includingforeach:a)Nameandlocation; b)Owner/Operator;c)Technology;d)Feedstock;e)CapitalandO&Mcost;f)Raw MSWandfeedstockthroughput;g)Types/quantitiesofproductsandbyproducts; h)Amountofresidualsenttolandfill;i)Historyofoperations;j)startupdate;k) timeinservice;andl)adiscussionofoperatingandmaintenancechallenges. 4: Brieflydiscussthesignificantenvironmentalimpactsfromyourtechnologies,or issuesthatrequirepermitsofanytype.Include,asappropriate,airemissions, wateremissions,solidwasteresidues,visualimpacts,andnuisance(odor,noise, traffic)impacts. 5: Provideasummaryofthekeyadvantagesofferedbyyourtechnologyforthe Project.ComparethoseadvantageswiththekeychallengesyouforeseetheCity willencounter. 6: ForthefacilityprovidedbytheRespondentfortheCity,theRespondentshould provide: 6.1. Technicalinformation,includingnarrativedescriptionsoftheproposedfacility. 6.2. Adescriptionofthepreprocessingsystemrequiredtopreparethefeedstockfor processing.Includeequipmentusedtopresort,separate,shred,size,screen, dry,orotherwiseprocessthematerial.
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6.2. Adescriptionoftheequipmentusedtofeedthethermalconversiontechnology, (e.g.screwfeedersorpresses.) 6.3. Adescriptionofthegascleaningsystems,suchasscrubbers,baghouses, activatedcarbonfilters,etc.usedforcleaningthesyngasand/orwastegases. 6.4. Whereapplicable,describethepowergenerationsystem,e.g.,reciprocating engine,boiler,turbine,etc.,andassociatedenvironmentalcontrols. 6.5. Adescriptionoftheodorcontrolsystem/ 6.6. Heatandmaterialbalances. 6.7. Listsofmajorpiecesofequipment,numberofunits,andcapacity 6.8. Extentofprocessmodularizationandability/costtoincreasefuturecapacity.

(B) WasteReceivingProcess WasteSeparationandRecoveryProcess RecyclablesHandlingProcess RecyclingEquipment WasteToEnergyFeedstockPreparationProcessIncludingBiomass(MSW) Drying,PelletizationandStorage SyngasFuelProcessing ResidualFlyAshProcessing AirEmissionsControlsandSystemControls Forcompaniesthatprovideanyofthefollowingorrelatedequipment,provide completeanswerstothequestionsbelow.

Pleaseprovidedetailedinformationregardingyourcompanysproducts.Product informationshouldinclude,ifrelevant: 1. FunctionsandOptions 2. PerformanceCharacteristics 3. Ratings 4. MaterialsofConstruction 5. InstallationConfigurationandFootprint 6. PowerRequirements 7. ControlScheme/ProprietarySoftware,Etc. 8. Limitations,Exceptions 9. MaintenanceRequirements 10. AvailableWarranty 11. ApproximateLeadTimeforDeliveryFromDayofOrder
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(C)

Forprofessionalservicescompanies,consultingfirms,developers,financersand relatedcompanies,pleaseprovidecompleteanswerstothefollowing: 1. Provideabriefhistoryofyourcompany,emphasizingMunicipalSolidWasterelated projectexperience. 2. Provide information that demonstrates that your company has furnished equipment,systemsorservicestosimilarprojects. 3. Number of similar projects under contract or pending award. Identify the dollar valueandpercentcompleteforeachproject.

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