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participate in, cause, gift, give, godsend, award, impart, provide, bestow government party, (ruling) party in power (political) parties in and out of power 3) participation, taking part in 4) pay, salary, wages, allowance, grant, supply 5) giving, provision, furnishing
1) 2) 1) 2)

age, occasion, opportunity, year-end annual expenditure annual revenue or income 3) -years-old; ability, gift, talent, aptitude 4) time, years 5) millennium, one thousand years

Europe Europe Eastern Europe 3) Western Europe 4) Northern Europe, land of the Norsemen 5) Central Europe
1) 2) 1) 2)

difference, differ difference, discrepancy violation (of law), transgression 3) unconstitutionality 4) illegal, illegality, invalid, unlawfulness 5) mistake

ford, ferry, cross, import, deliver, diameter, migrate, transit transfer, assignment, conveyance to ferry across (a river, etc.) 3) to announce, to tell, to sentence, to order 4) voyage 5) delivery, handing over, turning over
1) 2) 1) 2)

wear, incur, put on, cover, be exposed (lm), veil, receiving, brood over, shelter defendant, the accused damage 3) victim, injured party, sufferer 4) being a victim of (some disaster) 5) bombed, A-bombed, nuked

condition, situation state of affairs (around you), situation recession, depression, slump 3) market conditions 4) prosperous conditions, healthy economy 5) success, prosperity
1) 2) 1) 2)

include, bear in mind, understand, cherish implication, hidden meaning, latitude contain, include 3) to soak, to saturate, to suckle 4) to contain, to comprise, to have, to hold 5) bearish (stock market)

bay, inlet, gulf bay, gulf, inlet Taiwan 3) gulf coast, bay coast 4) harbours, harbors 5) Pearl Harbor
1) 2) 1) 2)

thrusting, thrust, pierce, prick, stab, protruding collision, conict breaking through, breakthrough, penetration 3) abrupt, sudden, unexpected, all at once 4) a thrust, a pass, a lunge, a stab 5) rushing, breaking into

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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transcend, super-, ultranonpartisan superconductivity 3) excess, being more than 4) ultrasonic waves 5) to cross over (e.g. mountain), to go across
1) 2) 1) 2)

search, look for, locate search (esp. in criminal investigations) special investigation 3) search (esp. for someone or something missing), investigation 4) to hunt around, to search about for 5) to search (for something lost)

catch, capture arrest, apprehension, capture whaling, whale shing 3) prisoner (of war) 4) catcher (baseball) 5) capture, seizure
1) 2) 1) 2)

heal, cure medical care, medical treatment medical treatment, cure 3) medical examination and treatment, diagnosis 4) remedy, medical treatment 5) recuperation, medical treatment

welcome, meet, greet welcome, reception meeting, greeting, welcome 3) reception hall 4) intercept, interception, counter attack 5) to meet, to greet
1) 2) 1) 2)

jammed in, shellsh, mediate, concern oneself with intervention nursing 3) introduction, referral 4) agency, intermediation 5) marine products, seafood, sh and shellsh

hanging scroll, width width, breadth full width, large scale, drastic 3) extensive, wide, broad 4) running long jump 5) single-breadth cloth, approx. 36 cm wide
1) 2) 1) 2)

marketing, sell, trade sales, selling, marketing selling on the market (in the marketplace 3) automobile sales 4) vending machine 5) mail order

carrier, carry, all general, liberal, universal, ordinary popular, typical, general 3) (the) whole, universal, wholly, general 4) various, several 5) some time ago, the other day
1) 2) 1) 2)

he, that, the

they (usually male), them she, her; girl friend, girlfriend, sweetheart 3) equinoctial week (when Buddhist services are held); Buddhist services during the equinoctial week; nirvana 4) beyond, across, the other side, the distance 5) that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder; that one (something physically distant from both speaker sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/ and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that; that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known

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mixture, in bulk, crowded


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included,

(kokuji),
1) 2)

dance, it, circle, wheel dancing, dance stage (theatre, theater) 3) kabuki, Japanese classical drama 4) dancing, dance 5) to ask after (health), to visit

forecast, prospects, expectation, hope to incorporate, to include 3) application, entry, request, subscription 4) to herd, to corner, to drive 5) to roll up, to involve, to enfold

forecasting, occupy, hold, have, get, take, fortune-telling, divining occupation, capture, possession monopoly; to monopolize, to hog 3) fortune-telling, divination 4) buying up of goods, cornering (market) 5) to buy up
1) 2) 1) 2)

interchange, period, charge, change? exchange, interchange, switching, reciprocity convert, divert 3) conversion (e.g. yen to dollars), change 4) exchange, conversion; on the contrary 5) ventilation

route, way, road on the way, en route; in the middle of developing country 3) way 4) purpose for which money is spent 5) use, usefulness, utility, service
1) 2) 1) 2)

trust, request reliance, dependence reliance, trust, faith, condence 3) to request, to beg, to ask; to call, to order 4) request, commission, dispatch, despatch 5) request, favor, favour, reliance, dependence

extend, lengthen, increase, expand, stretch growth, development stretching; sidestroke (in swimming) 3) growth rate, coefcient of extension 4) to be sluggish (business) 5) sudden rise (esp. of stock prices), jump
1) 2) 1) 2)

extract, remove, slip out, pilfer, pull out, omit, quote without, not including, dispensed with drastic, radical 3) selection, choice, picking out 4) preeminence, distinction, extraordinariness 5) boned (e.g. sh, etc.)

wide(ly), generally, Prussia, universal general, ordinary, usual; normally, generally diffusion, spread 3) Samantabhadra (bodhisattva) 4) usual, habitual, ordinary, everyday, always 5) ordinary bank account
1) 2) 1) 2)

bomb, burst open, pop, split explosion, detonation, eruption aerial bombing 3) atomic bomb, A-bomb 4) bomb 5) bombing (raid)

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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age age, years advanced (old) age 3) old person or people 4) (ones) age 5) advanced age, senility
1) 2) 1) 2)

marriage marriage divorce 3) marriage ceremony, wedding 4) engagement, betrothal 5) marriage, matrimony

seal, seize, stop, do in spite of, weight, check, shove, subdue, press, attach, push push, pressure, authority, audacity to push, to press 3) to pin something down, to hold something down 4) pushing something out, presence; appearance 5) jostling, milling about
1) 2) 1) 2)

oating, oat, rise to surface relief, embossed carving oating (in the air) 3) swing vote 4) to oat; to express, to look (sad, glad) 5) surfacing, rising to the surface

nish, complete nish, completion, understanding acknowledgement, acknowledgment 3) after the end (of something) 4) end, close, termination 5) comprehension, consent, understanding
1) 2) 1) 2)

fall, collapse, drop, break down, overthrow overwhelming to fall, to collapse, to drop 3) (corporate) bankruptcy, insolvency 4) trouble, difculty, care, attention 5) acceleration (of payment schedule)

entwine, coil around, get caught in linkage, entanglement, involvement to contact, to get in touch; contacting 3) electric short-circuit 4) to be entwined, to be involved 5) to entangle, to entwine; to pick a quarrel
1) 2) 1) 2)

aficted, disease, suffer from, be ill (a) patient disease, ailment 3) to fall ill 4) illness, sickness 5) affected part

banish, pay, clear out, dispose of, prune payment to pay 3) unpaid, overdue 4) payment, bill, account; sweeping 5) to pay; to brush, to wipe
1) 2) 1) 2)

recruit, campaign, gather (contributions), enlist, grow violent subscription, application recruiting, taking applications 3) to invite contributions, etc. 4) fund-raising, collection of funds 5) public appeal (e.g. for contributions)

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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back, later, slow, late delay, lag, postponement, falling behind slow; late (e.g. "late at night"); too late 3) delay, latency 4) slow, lagging, tardy 5) to get a late start
1) 2) 1) 2)

rise up rising, ascending, climbing promotion 3) raising of status 4) salary raise 5) ascending air current, updraft; upward trend

grow late, night watch, sit up late, of course change, modication, alteration, revision renewal, update, innovation, renovation 3) furthermore, again, after all, more and more 4) change, shake-up 5) renewal, renovation, reform
1) 2) 1) 2)

incense, smell, perfume lance (shogi) aroma, fragrance, scent, smell 3) Hong Kong (China) 4) perfume 5) spices

dread, awe, fear fear, horror, anxiety, concern, uneasiness fear, dread, dismay, terror 3) dinosaur 4) perhaps, likely, probably, I dare say 5) to fear, to be afraid of
1) 2) 1) 2)

embrace, hug, hold in arms to hold or carry under or in the arms aspiration, ambition, pretension 3) armful; employee 4) completely nanced, sponsored 5) patience, endurance

gigantic, big, large, great giant, great man great sum 3) huge, gigantic, enormous 4) master, masterhand, maestro 5) large build
1) 2) 1) 2)

re-, return, revert, resume, restore, go backwards returning, giving back return, reaction, recovery 3) to restore, to put back, to return 4) repurchase, redemption 5) repayment, refund, payback

cross over, exceed, Vietnam, move to, surpass to cross over, to cross, to pass through Mitsukoshi (department store) 3) more wins than losses (sport) 4) across, over, beyond 5) to carry over, to carry forward
1) 2) 1) 2)

shake, tremble, quiver, shiver, quake earthquake epicentre, epicenter, earthquake centre 3) Japanese earthquake scale (level 1: weak to level 7: devastation) 4) great earthquake (disaster) 5) slight earthquake

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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hit, proclaim, announce, conict, contact, touch, feel touch, contact sense of touch, feeling, sensation 3) collision, conict; being contrary 4) contact, connectedness 5) touching off something, provocation
1) 2) 1) 2)

scheme, design, attempt, plan, undertake enterprise, undertaking, corporation planning, project, plan, design 3) small to medium enterprises 4) large company, enterprise 5) Economic Planning Agency

enroll, domiciliary register, membership ones family register, ones domicile nationality 3) book, publication 4) changing household registry 5) census, family register
1) 2) 1) 2)

reliant, depend on, consequently, therefore, due to still, as yet, as it has been still, as yet, as of old 3) request, commission, dispatch, despatch 4) dependence, dependent, reliance 5) dependence

together, mutually, reciprocally mutual, reciprocal mutually, with each other, reciprocally 3) mutual, reciprocal 4) equality, evenness, par, good match 5) mutual, reciprocal, alternate
1) 2) 1) 2)

dele, dirty, pollute, disgrace, rape corruption pollution, contamination 3) dirt, lth 4) pollution, contamination, corruption, graft 5) stigma, dishonour, dishonor, infamy

escape, ee, shirk, evade, set free to escape, to run away escape, getaway, evasion 3) ight, desertion, escape 4) escape, ight, running away, elopement 5) to escape
1) 2) 1) 2)

swamp swamp, marsh; mountain stream, valley, dale brilliance, polish, lustre, luster 3) edge of a swamp 4) luster, lustre, favor, favour, abundance 5) marshy land

sink, incline, ruin, tilt, bias, trend, wane, lean tendency, trend, inclination inclination, slant, slope, bevel, list, dip 3) devotion, concentration 4) slope, inclination, list; tendency, trend 5) rightist, leaning to the right
1) 2) 1) 2)

abet, help, save assistance, aid, support support, backing, aid, assistance 3) aid, assistance, help, reinforcement, rooting 4) relief, rescue, reinforcement 5) support, backing

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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inception, end, cord, strap, thong, beginning together, meeting, company cord, strap, thong 3) emotion, feeling 4) a clue, start, beginning 5) history, pedigree, lineage
1) 2) 1) 2)

alms, apply bandages, administer rst-aid institution, establishment, facility enforcement, implementation 3) alms, offerings 4) policy, measure 5) execution, enforcing, carrying out

stop-over, reside in, resident parking lot, parking place residence, stay 3) resident in Japan 4) stationing (e.g. of troops), garrison 5) parking (e.g. car)
1) 2) 1) 2)

tracks, mark, print, impression trace, tracks, mark, sign; remains, ruins historic ruins (remains, relics) 3) footprints 4) miracle, wonder, marvel 5) pursuit, tracking (e.g. in computer graphics)

well, well crib, town, community well ceiling, ceiling price 3) water well 4) oil well 5) round well
1) 2) 1) 2)

introduce, inherit, help introduction, referral self-introduction 3) letter of introduction 4) person who introduces someone, introducer 5) book review

exchange, spare, substitute, permoney order, draft; exchange (e.g. foreign) change of ownership, substitution 3) exchange rates 4) exchange, conversion, replacement 5) substitute, double
1) 2) 1) 2)

employ, hire employment (long term), hire discharge, dismissal 3) to employ, to hire 4) employee, employment 5) employer

presents, send, give to, award to, confer on, presenting something to send, to give to, to award to bribery, corruption, graft 3) presentation 4) present, gift 5) donation, presentation
1) 2) 1) 2)

fresh, vivid, clear, brilliant, Korea North Korea vivid, clear, brilliant 3) Korea 4) Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (North Korea), DPRK 5) Korean peninsula

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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heart, interior interior, inner part, inside depth, length 3) remote mountain, mountain recesses 4) interior, backwoods, hinterland, back regions 5) wife, your wife, his wife, married lady
1) 2) 1) 2)

thin, weak (tea), dilute to fade, to become dim thin; pale, light; watery, dilute, sparse 3) thin (e.g. air), lean, raried, diluted 4) mental retardation, mentally retarded 5) come close to, closing in upon

suspend, tax, hang, arrive at, pour, depend chance, start, cue, excuse, motive, impetus to chase, to run after, to pursue 3) device, trick, mechanism, gadget 4) call, appeal 5) clue, key, trail, scent, track, contact
1) 2) 1) 2)

close, rebuke, pressed, packed, blame, reprove nal scene, the end, nale to make shorter 3) to be blocked, to be packed 4) packing (in cans), canning, canned goods 5) number of characters, manuscript paper

prick, sting, thorn, calling card, pierce, stab stimulus, impetus, incentive, encouragement business card 3) sashimi (sliced raw sh) 4) to pierce, to stab, to prick, to thrust 5) sharpened tube for testing rice in bags
1) 2) 1) 2)

comparison, counter for pairs, pair, set pair two way, both parties, mutual, both 3) twins, a twin 4) bud, sprout 5) binoculars, eld glasses

oversee, ofcial, govt ofce, rule, administer supervision, control, superintendence observation, guarding, inspection 3) auditor, inspector 4) inspection, audit, judgement, judgment 5) connement
1) 2) 1) 2)

arrival, proceed, reach, attain, result in arrival arrival 3) reaching, attaining, arrival 4) scrupulous, meticulous, careful 5) (cannot) possibly

ring, circle, link, wheel environment, circumstance Environment Agency 3) link (e.g. a part of a larger plan) 4) circulation, rotation, cycle 5) vicious circle
1) 2) 1) 2)

bed, remain unsold, lie down, sleep, rest sleep to lie down; to go to bed, to lie in bed 3) bedroom 4) going to bed, retiring 5) bedding

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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steal, rob, pilfer to steal robber, mugger; robbery, burglary 3) theft, stealing, larceny 4) theft; base stealing (baseball) 5) stealing
1) 2) 1) 2)

hearing, judge, trial deliberation judging, inspection, examination 3) refereeing, trial, judgement, judgment 4) rst instance, rst trial 5) trial

illness, trouble, worry, in pain, distress trouble(s), worry, distress, sorrows, anguish to afict, to torment, to harass, to molest 3) suffering, distress, afiction, anguish 4) to be worried, to be troubled 5) to be sluggish (business)
1) 2) 1) 2)

accusation, sue, complain of pain, appeal to lawsuit, complaint litigation, lawsuit 3) prosecution, indictment 4) koso appeal (initial appeal to a higher court) 5) presenting a case, suing

shadow, silhouette, phantom shadow, silhouette; reection, image inuence, effect 3) photographing 4) shadow cabinet 5) face, looks, vestiges, trace
1) 2) 1) 2)

manipulate, govern, honorable defense, defence, safeguard, protection control, governing, checking, suppression 3) old imperial palace 4) imperial garden 5) you (masc) (formerly honoric

wild, laid waste, rough, rude logs in bark, rough wood to be stormy, to be rough 3) stormy weather, tempest, chaps (of skin) 4) to lay waste, to devastate, to damage 5) ruin
1) 2) 1) 2)

beat, attack, defeat, conquer attack, strike, offensive, criticism, censure blow, shock, strike, damage 3) shock, crash, impact, ballistic 4) bombing (raid) 5) to shoot (at); to attack, to defeat

nucleus, core, kernel pit (of a fruit), stone; core; nucleus nuclear weapons 3) kernel, core, nucleus 4) nuclear (bomb) test 5) atomic fuel
1) 2) 1) 2)

assistant, help aid, help, assistance, assistant, counselor colonel, (navy) captain 3) major, lieutenant commander, wing commander 4) lieutenant colonel, commander (navy) 5) major (JSDF)

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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dissolve, melt nancing, credit transacting nancing, loan 3) nancial institutions, banking facilities 4) money market, nancial market 5) harmony, reconciliation
1) 2) 1) 2)

stiff, hard rm, vigorous, unbending, unyielding, strong tough elements, hard-liners, stalwart(s) 3) stiffening, rigidity, rigor, stiffness 4) coin 5) cirrhosis of the liver

ford, ferry, port negotiations, discussions; connection interference, intervention 3) public relations, client liaison 4) collective bargaining 5) to cross over, to go across; to extend
1) 2) 1) 2)

bury, be lled up, embedded to bury (e.g. in the ground) buried property, treasure trove 3) burial 4) lling in gaps, lling in blanks (in a form 5) reclaimed land

ring, vibrate, echo, also N5116, sound, resound echo, sound, reverberation, noise inuence, effect 3) echo, reverberation, repercussion, reaction 4) sound, noise, echo, acoustic(s) 5) symphony
1) 2) 1) 2)

bag, pouch, sack bag, sack paper bag 3) glove, mitten, mitt 4) blind alley, cul-de-sac, impasse 5) stomach

seal, closing seal complete blockade (seal), baseball shutout 3) blockade; freezing (funds) 4) envelope 5) to seal (letter); to prevent, to forbid
1) 2) 1) 2)

smoke, blow, breathe, puff, emit snow storm, blizzard to smoke (a cigarette); to behave as ... 3) breath 4) to blow off, to brush away, to talk big 5) wind (instrument) music

solicit, invite, ask claim, demand, request, application application, request, petition 3) claim, demand, charge, application, request 4) claim rights 5) solicitation
1) 2) 1) 2)

daughter, girl (my) daughter; girl (i.e. a young an only daughter 3) adopted son-in-law 4) granddaughter 5) unmarried woman; (after a name) Miss

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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promontory, cape, spit small peninsula cape (on coast) 3) Miyazaki prefecture (Kyuushuu) 4) sandspit 5) Nagasaki prefecture (Kyuushuu)
1) 2) 1) 2)

aggression, attack attack, offence, offense attack, strike, offensive, criticism, censure 3) major subject, special study 4) to attack, to assault 5) offensive (movement), aggression

intelligent, wise, wisdom, cleverness Samantabhadra (bodhisattva) wise man 3) wisdom, intelligence, prudence 4) wise, clever, smart 5) a palace sanctuary
1) 2) 1) 2)

coach, command, urge, lead, supervise supervision, control, superintendence governor-general, governor, viceroy 3) admiral, commodore 4) urge, demand, importunity 5) stage director

arm, ability, talent arm; skill left arm; left-handed (baseball pitcher) 3) ability 4) right arm 5) wristwatch
1) 2) 1) 2)

sponsor, hold (a meeting), give (a dinner) holding a meeting, open an exhibition organization, organisation, sponsorship 3) event, festivities, function 4) joint sponsorship 5) to hold (a meeting), to give (a dinner)

counter for beds, oor, padding, tatami, bed bed, bedding; sickbed; alcove; riverbed clinical (e.g. pathology, physiology) 3) hotbed, breeding ground 4) sickbed 5) under the oor
1) 2) 1) 2)

reach out, exert, exercise, cause diffusion, spread to reach, to amount to, to befall 3) investigation (e.g. into someones guilt) 4) reference, allusion 5) spread, extension, inuence, aftereffect

gentleness, tender, softness, weakness exible, lithe, soft, pliable judo 3) soft, tender, limp 4) soft, tender, limp 5) gentleness, mildness, meekness
1) 2) 1) 2)

detach, separation, disjoin, digress to be separated from, to leave, to go away distance, range 3) separation, partition, detachment 4) divorce 5) withdrawal, secession, separation, breakaway

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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son, counter for sons bridegroom rascal 3) Lagoon Hachiro 4) prostitute, entertainment woman 5) vagabond, oater, vagrant; day labourer
1) 2) 1) 2)

pinch, pick, pluck, trim, clip, summarize pointing out, identication exposing, unmasking, laying bare 3) picking out, exposing, taking out 4) to pinch, to hold, to pick up 5) washing only the soiled part (of a garment)

concentrated, thick, dark, undiluted concentration, thickness, density density, richness, concentration, tension 3) concentrated 4) light and shade, shade (of colour, color) 5) thick, rich (as in taste or content); crowded
1) 2) 1)

Mr., hall, mansion, palace, temple, lord form of address used for ofcial letters and business letters, and in letters to inferiors, Mr 2) your Highness, his (or her) Highness 3) palace 4) palace, palatial building 5) temple, sacred place

zero, spill, overow, nothing, cipher 12 oclock (midnight) insignicant, triing, paltry, paltry 3) zero, nought 4) going undefeated 5) below zero, sub-zero
1) 2) 1) 2)

shoulder shoulder title, degree, address (on letter) 3) shouldering anothers debt 4) shoulders 5) shoulder massage (performed by tapotement)

overnight, put up at, ride at anchor, 3-day stay lodging stay, stopover, anchorage, night duty 3) anchorage, moorings 4) light (color, colour, taste), simple, plain 5) stopping one night
1) 2) 1) 2)

angry, be offended anger, hatred, rage, wrath to get angry, to get mad; to tell someone off 3) to anger someone, to provoke 4) rage, indignation, exasperation 5) to storm in with a yell

wag, swing, shake, wave promotion, encouragement dullness, depression, slump, stagnation 3) strike out (baseball), fanning out 4) pretence (pretense), show; appearance 5) oscillation, vibration
1) 2) 1) 2)

counter for cupfuls, wine glass, glass, toast sake cup, cup for alcoholic beverages cup of ..., drink; full; to the utmost 3) full 4) toast 5) Emperors cup, trophy given by the Emperor

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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sweep, brush sweeping the sea for mines cleaning 3) cleaning, sweeping 4) clean sweep 5) vacuum cleaner
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coax, pamper, be content, sugary, sweet sweet, delicious; fragrant (smelling) depending on others kindness 3) sweetness, sugary taste 4) to behave like a spoiled child 5) sweeteners, sweetening materials

offering, counter for drinks, present, offer donation, contribution, offering contribution, services 3) literature, books (reference), document 4) blood donation 5) ower offering
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dig, delve, excavate excavation, exhumation digging out, excavation 3) mining 4) to dig, to excavate 5) well digging, well digger

all, everything all, everyone, everybody; everything all, everyone, everybody 3) everyone 4) nothing 5) massacre, annihilation, wholesale slaughter
1) 2) 1) 2)

exhausted, tire, weary tiredness, fatigue fatigue, weariness 3) exhaustion, impoverishment, ruin 4) to get tired, to tire 5) thank you, many thanks, much appreciated

soft exible, lithe, soft, pliable (tennis) played with a soft ball 3) lenient connement or house arrest 4) softening, mollication 5) hardness
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rope, ber, tie maintenance, preservation, improvement bre, ber, textile 3) restoration (e.g. Meiji) 4) synthetic bre, synthetic ber 5) synthetic bers, synthetic bres

sink, be submerged, subside, be depressed, aloes silence, reticence sinking, subsidence 3) settling or depositing (at the bottom of something), deposition, pigmentation; composure, calmness 4) sinking, foundering 5) oating and sinking, rise and fall
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seacoast, beach, seashore beach, seashore sandy beach 3) seaside 4) beach, foreshore 5) white sandy beach

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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home country, country, Japan commonwealth, federation of states fellow countryman 3) (traditional) Japanese music 4) Oriental country, the Orient 5) Japanese lm
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bases, fort, rampart, walls, base(ball) home run (baseball) third base 3) second base 4) two-base hit, double 5) bases loaded (baseball)

dispatch, do, despatch, undertake, send, give, donate dispatch, despatch, send pocket money, spending money, pin money 3) sending ahead 4) wasting ... on (e.g. money), squandering 5) speech, expression, wording
1) 2) 1) 2)

frozen, congeal, refrigerate freeze (e.g. program) freezing, cold storage, refrigeration 3) to freeze, to refrigerate 4) to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal 5) frozen soil

confront, resist, defy, oppose electrical resistance, resistance, opposition protest, objection 3) opposition, antagonism 4) dispute, resistance 5) antibiotics
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smoke smoke, fumes smoking 3) No Smoking!, Smoking Prohibited! 4) black smoke 5) (eruption of) smoke

yearn for, miss, darling, romance, in love love, tender passion lover, sweetheart 3) love, love-making, passion, emotion 4) rst love, puppy love 5) yearned for, longed for, missed
1) 2) 1) 2)

superiority, excellence, masculine, male, hero, leader male (animal) hero, great man 3) oratory, eloquence 4) grandeur, magnicence, splendour, splendor 5) male and female (animal)

outskirts, suburbs, rural area suburb, outskirts suburbs, outskirts 3) northern suburbs 4) southern suburbs 5) suburban elds
1) 2) 1) 2)

tight, tense, solid, hard, reliable urgent, pressing, emergency tension, mental strain, nervousness 3) rigour, rigor, closeness, compactness 4) tension, strain 5) shrinkage, contraction, economy, retrenchment

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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dance, leap, skip, jump dance dancing, dance 3) dancer 4) to be manipulated (lit: to be made to dance) 5) dance hall, dance oor; landing (stairs)
1) 2) 1) 2)

loins, hips, waist, low wainscoting back, lower back, waist, hips, lumbar region lower back (or hip) pain, lumbago 3) legs and loins 4) strenuous effort, earnestness, seriousness 5) weak attitude

abolish, obsolete, cessation, discarding, abandon annulment, disposal, abandon, scrap abolition, repeal 3) rejected bill (project) 4) annulment, abolition, repeal, rescission 5) total abolition
1) 2) 1) 2)

sleep, die, sleepy sleep sleep 3) sleeplessness, insomnia, wakefulness 4) sleepy, drowsy, somnolent 5) idle, dormant

creek, inlet, bay inlet, bay old name of Tokyo 3) Edo River 4) canal 5) true Tokyoite
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fearful, dreadful, be frightened fear, dread, dismay, terror scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful 3) to be afraid of, to fear, to dread 4) morbid fear, phobia 5) frightening, terrifying

colleague, ofcial, companion cabinet ministers bureaucrat, bureaucracy 3) coworker, colleague, associate 4) staff, staff ofcer 5) Joint Staff Council
1) 2) 1) 2)

rare, curious, strange rare, curious, strange unusual, rare 3) to prize, to value highly, to esteem 4) delicacy 5) curio, rare article

consume, eat, drink, smoke, receive (a blow) smoking coffee lounge, coffee shop 3) to eat, to drink, to smoke, to take 4) have enough of, fully enjoy 5) tea drinking, tea house
1) 2) 1) 2)

good luck, joy, congratulations lucky omen, good omen ominous, sinister, bad luck, ill omen 3) excellent luck 4) good fortune, good luck 5) good news

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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demolition, break, destroy collapse, crumbling, breaking down, caving in destruction, disruption; (application) crash 3) destruction, annihilation, devastation 4) to break, to destroy, to demolish; to wreck 5) to be broken, to break; to fall through
1) 2) 1) 2)

step, trample, carry through, appraise, evade payment to be based on, to have origin in railway crossing, railroad crossing 3) to step on, to tread on; to experience 4) dancing 5) stepping, stamping, marking time

thaw, melt, dissolve lava to melt, to dissolve 3) weld, welding 4) solution (liquid) 5) solvent, solution, ux
1) 2) 1) 2)

bond, loan, debt debt, loan national debt, national securities 3) credit, claim 4) debt, liabilities 5) bond, debenture

inherit, succeed, patch, graft (tree) continuation successor 3) relay, hook-up 4) relieving the (starting) pitcher 5) inheritance, succession, accession
1) 2) 1) 2)

ceremony, rule, affair, case, a matter rule, ceremony, affair, case, matter funeral service 3) unavoidable, inevitable, beyond ones control 4) unavoidably, necessarily, inevitably 5) ceremony, rite, ritual, service

interment, bury, shelve funeral service company funeral 3) funeral 4) burial 5) attendance at a funeral
1) 2) 1) 2)

ght, war battle, ght, combat strife, conict 3) spring offensive (Japanese unions) 4) joint struggle, common (united) front 5) ghting bravely, strenuous efforts

evade, avoid, avert, ward off, shirk, shun taking refuge, nding shelter, evacuation evasion, avoidance 3) refugees, evacuees 4) contraception 5) inevitable, inescapable, unavoidable
1) 2) 1) 2)

tears, sympathy tear, tears, lachrymal secretion; sympathy lachrymal 3) tearful voice 4) touching, moving, painful 5) vexation, chagrin

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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apprehend, chase arrest, apprehension, capture to be arrested 3) stripping a Diet member of arrest immunity 4) arrestee, person arrested 5) arrest warrant
1) 2) 1) 2)

equal, head, counter for small animals, roll of cloth counter for small animals comparing with, match, rival, equal 3) one animal; two-tan bolt of cloth 4) several animals 5) horses

spur on, urge, force, imminent to draw near force, intensity, appeal, strength 3) threat, menace, coercion, terrorism 4) tension, strain 5) spirit, soul, drive, vigor, vigour
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pointed, sharpness, edge, weapon, sharp, violent pointed, sharp freshly picked, newly produced 3) elite, picked, powerful, efcient 4) spirited, energetic 5) sharpness

level, crumble, die, demolish collapse, crumbling, breaking down, caving in to collapse, to crumble 3) crumbling, collapse, ruin 4) cursive style of writing or calligraphy 5) avalanche
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perplexity, beguile, delusion doubt, misgivings, distrust, suspicion expectation, prediction, forecast 3) trouble, bother, annoyance 4) being at sea, losing ones bearings 5) planet

undress, removing, escape from, get rid of, be left out, take off tax evasion withdrawal, secession, separation, breakaway 3) escape 4) secession, retirement 5) shedding, molting, emergence
1) 2) 1) 2)

headstrong, naughty, careful inquiry, listen listening, hearing, audition, radio reception ratings (of a television program) (programme) 3) public hearing 4) viewer, (television) audience 5) audience, attendance, hearers

ats, counter for houses, eaves eaves in high spirits, elated 3) row of houses, every door; totally 4) edge of the eaves, house frontage 5) under the overhang of a Japanese roof
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paint, plaster, daub, smear, coating coating paints, painting material 3) to repaint 4) to paint, to plaster, to lacquer, to varnish 5) blackening, blackened thing

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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tenacious, take hold, grasp, take to heart executive(s) enforcement, performance, execution, exercise 3) writing (e.g. as a profession) 4) stay of execution, suspended sentence 5) executive committee
1) 2) 1) 2)

tie, shut, lock, fasten, tighten company director, board member board of directors 3) conclusion, execution (of a contract) 4) closing, cut-off, end, deadline, Closed 5) control, management, supervision

tassel, tuft, fringe, bunch, lock (hair), segment (orange), house, room tuft, tassel; bunch (of grapes, etc.) Chief Cabinet Secretary 3) government secretariat 4) library, bookstore, bookshop 5) wife
1) 2) 1) 2)

shout, exclaim, yell to shout, to cry shout, scream, outcry 3) shout, yell, scream 4) exclamation, scream, shout 5) to cry and shout, to scream

plane, sharpen, whittle, pare cut, reduction, curtailment digging out, excavation 3) to shave (wood or leather), to sharpen 4) elimination, cancellation, deletion, erasure 5) aked bonito
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remove, withdraw, disarm, dismantle, reject, exclude evacuation, withdrawal, revocation, repeal annulment, abolition, repeal, rescission 3) withdrawal, revocation, repeal 4) withdrawal, revocation, repeal; demolition 5) withdrawal

ride, board, get on, place, spread, 10**44 publication (e.g. article in paper) serialization, serialisation, serial story 3) record, statement, description, mention 4) loading (on board), equipping 5) lading, loading, carrying
1) 2) 1) 2)

set aside, give up, suspend, discontinue, lay aside, except measure, step except, no other 3) to give up, to except 4) other than, excluding, without 5) behavior, behaviour, manner

dessicate, drought, heaven, emperor, drink up, dry dry, arid, insipid, dehydrated dry cell, battery 3) toast 4) dry season 5) drying machine, dryer, desiccator
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camp, battle array, ranks, position camp (group of same ideological beliefs) press corps 3) retreat, withdrawal, retirement 4) battle formation, lineup 5) rst campaign, ones rst battle

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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repress, well, now, in the rst place, push, shove, press, seal, do in spite of to pin something down, to hold something down 2) weight (e.g. paperweight), rear guard 3) control, restraint, suppression, constraint 4) internment, detainment, detention 5) check, checkmate, stave off, control
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good, make, practice, be of use, advantage, cost, reach to, benet, do, as a result of, serve as, try, welfare, change 1) good, advantage, benet, welfare; sake act, deed, conduct 3) money order, draft; exchange (e.g. foreign) 4) exchange rates 5) articial, unnatural
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elect, prefer, choose, select selection, choice, option adoption, selection, choice 3) choices, alternatives, options 4) two alternatives 5) elective subject or course
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pray, wish prayer, supplication prayer 3) prayer 4) prayer 5) to pray, to wish

hair of the head hair (on the head) white or grey hair (gray) 3) hair (head) 4) haircut 5) hair style, coiffure, hairdo
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excel, excellence, beauty, surpass superiority, excellence splendid (excellent) work 3) excellence 4) prodigy 5) to excel, to surpass

restless, busy, occupied busy, hectic, occupied, engaged busy, pressure of work 3) worked to death 4) pressure of business, busy 5) looking restless
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sign, omen, symptom, collect, seek, refer to, question, indications feature, trait, characteristic, pecularity symbol 3) supplementary charge 4) collection, levy 5) symbolic

reparation, make up for, recompense, redeem reparations, indemnity, compensation compensation, reparation 3) no compensation, free of charge 4) recompense, indemnity, atonement 5) repayment, redemption, amortization
1) 2) 1) 2)

bullet, snap, twang, ip bullet, shot, shell bounce, spring, rebound; momentum, inertia 3) bomb 4) oppression, suppression, pressure 5) elasticity, exibility

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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repel, refuse, reject, decline denial, veto, rejection, refusal right of veto 3) (organ) rejection; unthinking dismissal 4) to refuse, to reject, to decline 5) refusal, rejection
1) 2) 1) 2)

foothold, based on, follow, therefore position, location, base, point basis, foundation 3) evidence, proof 4) stronghold, inner citadel, base, headquarters 5) donation, contribution

hillock, mound mound shell heap, shell mound, kitchen midden 3) milestone (1 ri apart) 4) anthill 5) anthill
1) 2) 1) 2)

punish, penalty, sentence, punishment penalty, sentence, punishment (police) detective; criminal matter 3) death penalty, capital punishment 4) prosecution 5) prison, penitentiary

winding, reel, spin, turn (pages), look up, refer to repetition, reiteration, iteration, cycle to repeat, to do something over again 3) fundraising, nancing 4) upward move, advance 5) postponement
1) 2) 1) 2)

doth, do, send, forward, cause, exert, incur, engage coincidence, agreement, union, match invitation 3) attraction, lure, invitation 4) agreement, concurrence, conformance 5) involuntary manslaughter, accidental homicide

sketch, compose, write, draw, paint depiction, description, portrayal rough sketch 3) to delineate, to draw, to express, to imagine 4) line drawing 5) to draw, to paint, to sketch, to depict
1) 2) 1) 2)

tail, end, counter for sh, lower slope of mountain tail, ridge (mountain) ridge, spur 3) end (e.g. of report, document, paragraph 4) copulation (in animals) 5) tail, tail plane

small bell, buzzer bell (often globular) wind chime, wind bell 3) bunches (e.g. of fruit), clusters 4) to grow in clusters 5) potato (Solanum tuberosum)
1) 2) 1) 2)

sweat, perspire sweat, perspiration; moisture, condensation dripping with sweat, bathed in perspiration 3) cold sweat 4) to be sweaty 5) sweating, perspiration

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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paragraph, nape of neck, clause, item, term (expression) (data) item, entry clause, article, stipulations 3) matter, item, facts 4) important points 5) preceding paragraph
1) 2) 1) 2)

tray, shallow bowl, platter, tub, board, phonograph record foundation, basis, base, footing endgame, nal stage 3) middle (stage) 4) stronghold, base, (the) ground 5) the opening(s) (e.g. in a game of go or chess)

consort, accompany, bring with, companion companion, follower, attendant, retinue (musical) accompaniment 3) company, accompany, going with 4) accompanying another somewhere 5) companion
1) 2) 1) 2)

miss, mourning chief mourner loss, forfeit 3) mourning 4) going into mourning 5) Imperial mourning

moist, damp, wet swampy (damp) land marshy grassland, wetlands 3) level of humidity 4) moisture, humidity, dampness 5) damp, gloomy
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depend, consult, suspend, hang, 10%, install worry, fear, anxiety, concern eagerness, earnestness, risking ones life 3) very hard, with utmost effort 4) pending question, pending problem 5) offering prizes, winning, reward

put up (a notice), put up, hoist, display, hang out, publish, describe to publish, to print, to carry (an article) publication (e.g. article in paper) 3) notice, bulletin 4) hoist (ag), y, display 5) bulletin board, display board, notice board
1) 2) 1) 2)

vow, pledge, promise contract, compact, agreement opportunity, chance 3) pledge, vow, promise, destiny 4) to pledge, to promise, to swear 5) impression of a seal over the joint of two papers, tally

abandon, throw away, discard, resign, reject, sacrice annulment, disposal, abandon, scrap abandonment, giving up, throwing away 3) abstaining from voting 4) abandonment, renunciation, resignation 5) abandonment, desertion, relinquishment
1) 2) 1) 2)

leap, dance, skip activity (esp. energetic), great efforts leaping, jumping, spring, exciting 3) leaping, activity; leapfrog (over a problem) 4) rush, dash, onslaught, dancing ahead 5) (at) one bound

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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residence, mansion residence, estate, grounds, premises, mansion ofcial residence 3) ofcial residence 4) private residence 5) mansion, residence
1) 2) 1) 2)

ower pot, bottle, vial, jar, jug, vat, urn bottle Molotov cocktail 3) (ower) vase 4) empty bottle 5) earthenware pot

send back, return return, restoration repatriation, return; (electrical) feedback 3) resolution, reduction, return to origins 4) repayment, redemption, amortization 5) return, restoration, refund, (duty) drawback
1) 2) 1) 2)

blossom, bloom comeback (e.g. in business), second bloom late ower, late blooming 3) early blooming, early owering 4) to bloom 5) laugh, laughter; smile; sneer

consider, deliberate, thought, concern


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eat, drink, catch (cold), seduce, call, send for, wear, put on, ride in, buy convening, calling together (e.g. parliament) servant, menial 3) to call, to send for; to put on, to wear 4) summoning, calling, riding, wearing, dressing 5) being called to the colours (colors) (mil)

consideration, concern, forethought rack ones brains 3) consideration, taking into account 4) anxiety, concern, fear 5) difdence, restraint, reserve, discretion

vessels, counter for ships, sh, birds, arrows, one of a pair counter for ships one boat, one ship 3) sharp eye, critical eye, discerning eye 4) several (boats) 5) several boats
1) 2) 1) 2)

tin can, container, jar radical (no. 121) can, tin empty can 3) packing (in cans), canning, canned goods 4) boiler 5) fat-bodied

fat, grease, tallow, lard, rosin, gum, tar fat, tallow, lard, grease fat, grease, blubber 3) resin, rosin 4) lipid, fats, adipose 5) plastics, synthetic resins
1) 2) 1) 2)

frame, framework, spindle, bounding-box, (kokuji)

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frame, slide, border frame, framework 3) within the limits (framework, boundaries 4) beyond (the) limits 5) mold, mould

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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dew, tears, expose, Russia announcement, show, display, introduction frank, blunt, plain, outspoken; conspicuous 3) street stall, stand, booth 4) express ones mind, speak out 5) disclosure, exposure, revelation
1) 2) 1) 2)

blessing, grace, kindness, favor wisdom, wit, sagacity, sense, intelligence grace, favor, favour, blessing, benet 3) most favored nation, most favoured nation 4) blessing, grace 5) Ebisu (god of shing and commerce)

relax, lessen, be moderate, ease, slacken, loosen relief, mitigation, alleviation, relaxation loose, slack; gentle, easy, slow; lenient 3) in case of emergency 4) to become loose, to slacken 5) slack, looseness
1) 2) 1) 2)

open sea, ofng, rise high into sky Okinawa (one of the Japanese Ryukyu islands) open sea 3) Director General of Okinawa Development Agency 4) coast, ofng, offshore 5) to rise up into the air

demand, request, need demand, request domestic demand 3) supply and demand 4) munitions, military stores 5) civilian requirements
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texture, skin, body, grain skin mountains surface 3) chilly, unpleasantly cold 4) bare (naked) body, complexion (e.g. face) 5) underwear, lingerie, singlet, chemise

subscription, buy purchase, buy subscription (e.g. magazine) 3) purchase, buy 4) buying power 5) to compensate, to make up for
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shoes shoes, footwear socks, sock, stockings, stocking 3) leather boots, long boots 4) leather shoes 5) sports shoes, sneakers

dull, slow, foolish, blunt becoming dull, slowing down dull (e.g. a knife), thickheaded, obtuse 3) thickheadedness, stolidity, insensitivity 4) dull, slow, stupid, dull-brained 5) to become less capable, to grow dull
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allot, ll fullness, completion, perfection expansion 3) supplementation, supplement, replenishment 4) charging (electrically); electrication 5) to assign, to set aside

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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tribute, support, nance contribution, services tribute 3) tribute 4) to support, to nance 5) bringing tribute
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shame, dishonor shame, embarrassment shy, ashamed, embarrassed 3) to feel shy, to be bashful, to blush 4) to feel ashamed 5) shyness

origin, cape, end, point, border, edge, verge end (e.g. of street), edge, tip, margin extreme, extremity 3) pointed end, tip, ne point, spearhead, cusp 4) the beginning 5) one end, an end; part, fragment
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instead, on the contrary, rather sale, disposal by sale cooling, refrigeration 3) repayment, redemption, amortization 4) incineration, destroy by re 5) ridding (freeing) oneself

nd, earn, acquire, can, may, able to, seize, get acquisition, possession capture, seizure 3) shing, catch, haul 4) excessive shing, overshing 5) game, spoils, trophy
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adhere to, be attached to, mud, mire mud bog, marsh 3) thief, burglar, robber, theft 4) dirty mud 5) mudslinging, smear campaign

penetrate, clear, pierce, strike home, sit up (all night) thoroughness, completeness all night, all-night vigil, sleepless night 3) to sink in, to penetrate, to devote oneself 4) to let pass, to overlook, to continue 5) cool-headedness
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get together, unite, collective, join combination, union, amalgamation using together (jointly) 3) double-play (baseball) 4) to match (rhythm, speed, etc.) 5) merger, joining into one, melding, merging

irritate, burn, scorch, char, singe, hurry, impatient focus (e.g. photographic), focal point impatience 3) to burn, to be burned 4) a bad debt 5) impatience, uneasiness, irritation
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brunt, highway, opposition (astronomy), thrust, pierce, stab, prick, collide collision, conict shock, crash, impact, ballistic 3) negotiation 4) important point, strategic position 5) impulse, impetus, urge

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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corner, nook corner, nook, recess corner, nook 3) every nook and corner 4) corner, nook 5) four corners
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usurp, rob, take by force, snatch away, dispossess, plunder to snatch away, to dispossess striking a batter out 3) recovery, rescue, recapture 4) usurpation, taking back, dispossession 5) recovery, rescue, recapture

bay, creek, inlet, gulf, beach, seacoast inlet all over the country, throughout the land 3) (seaside) breakers 4) seacoast 5) all over the country
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accidentally, even number, couple, man & wife, same kind spouse, wife, husband (by) chance, unexpectedly, suddenly, accident 3) sudden outbreak, accidental, incidental 4) even number 5) earthen (clay) gure

hot, acrid, spicy, bitter barely, narrowly, just manage to do something dry taste (e.g. sake, wine); salty (taste) 3) spicy, hot; salty; tough (on someone) 4) spices 5) 8th in rank
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divide, tear, analyze, chop analysis analysis, analytical study; parsing, parse 3) dialysis 4) dialysis 5) psychoanalysis

convey, defer, turnover, transfer concession, conciliation, compromise transfer, assignment, conveyance 3) selling (real-estate) lots 4) transfer, assignment 5) to hand over, to turn over, to cede
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grind, polish, scour, improve, brush (teeth) polish, improvement, burnishing polish (jewels), cultivation 3) dental brushing, brushing ones teeth 4) cultivate ones character by studying hard 5) grinding, polishing, studying

challenge, contend for, make love to challenge, deance provocation, stirring up, arousal 3) provocative, suggestive, lascivious 4) to challenge, to throw down the gauntlet 5) challenger
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admire, fame, name, appellation, title, praise title of honour, title of honor name, title 3) temporary name 4) popular name, nickname, alias 5) pet name

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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be mistaken for, go astray, divert, distract dispute, trouble, strife complication, confusion, disorder 3) losing something 4) uke, chance 5) to be diverted, to slip into
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ask, call for, entice, seduce, lead, allure, tempt, invite to invite, to ask, to call (for); to tempt abduction, kidnapping, kidnaping 3) guidance, leading, induction, introduction 4) invitation, introduction; temptation 5) attraction, lure, invitation

humility, be careful, discrete, prudent discretion, prudence, caution, care penitence, discipline, house arrest 3) indiscretion, imprudence 4) modesty, self-control, discretion 5) to be careful, to be discreet
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stimulate, urge, press, demand, incite promotion, acceleration, encouragement to urge, to press, to prompt, to suggest 3) request, demand, claim, urge (action) 4) urge, demand, importunity 5) fussily, busily, sedulously

grip, hold, mould sushi, bribe handshake grasp, catch, understanding 3) to let (someone) take hold of your hand 4) to grasp, to seize, to mould sushi 5) grip, handle
1) 2) 1) 2)

withdraw, draw in, hold back, refrain from, be moderate to be temperate in subtraction, deduction (e.g. tax), subsidy 3) koso appeal (initial appeal to a higher court) 4) reserve, spare, backup; note, memorandum 5) waiting room

cylinder, pipe, tube, gun barrel, sleeve pipe, tube, cylinder; gun barrel; gun envelope 3) round well 4) cylinder 5) cylinder
1) 2) 1) 2)

surname surname, family name ones former (maiden) name 3) same surname 4) farmer, peasant, country bumpkin; farming 5) full name

grains, drop, counter for tiny particles grain, bead particle, grain 3) elementary particle, particle (physics) 4) corpuscle, minute particle 5) small grain, small stature or ability
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sagacious, genius, excellence excellence, genius gifted (accomplished) man 3) swift horse, eet steed, fast runner 4) a genius, prodigy 5) excellence, genius

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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gun, arms gun, rie, small arms shooting, gunning (down) 3) bullet (from a rie) 4) rie, small arms 5) pistol, revolver
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hesitate, reluctant, have diarrhea, astringent congestion (e.g. trafc), delay, stagnation bitterness, mortication 3) astringent (puckery) juice (of unripe persimmons) 4) reluctantly, unwillingly 5) tasteful (clothing), cool

portable, carry (in hand), armed with, bring along cooperation, coordination, link something carried (in the hand), handheld 3) cooperation, tie-up, joint business, link-up 4) to engage in, to participate, to take part 5) carrying
1) 2) 1) 2)

admirable, greatness, remarkable, conceited, famous, excellent greatness great enterprise, exploits 3) greatness 4) great, excellent, admirable, remarkable 5) great man

requesting, entrusting with, pretend, hint, consign trust, entrusting consign (goods (for sale) to a rm) 3) being entrusted with, taking charge of 4) solicitation 5) investment trust
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checkup, seeing, diagnose, examine diagnosis medical examination and treatment, diagnosis 3) medical examination 4) medical examination 5) percussion, tapping (medical)

encroach, invade, raid, trespass, violate aggression, invasion, raid infringement, violation, trespass, impairment 3) invasion 4) to invade, to raid, to trespass, to violate 5) penetration, invasion, raid, aggression
1) 2) 1) 2)

snapshot, take pictures photographing to take (a photo), to make (a lm) 3) special effects, SFX 4) knob, handle, button; (le) handle 5) special effects, SFX

gallop, advance, inspire, impel, drive, run order around, use freely bargaining, haggling; tactics, strategy 3) driving force 4) forerunner, pioneer, precursor; herald 5) to run to, to come running
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fasten, tie up, arrest, constrict inclusion, complete coverage synthesis, recap, generalize, generalise 3) all together, batch, one lump, one bundle 4) unication, bringing together 5) lump-sum payment

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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haven, port, harbor, ferry tsunami, tidal wave very interesting, of absorbing interest 3) all over the country, throughout the land 4) Aizu lacquer ware 5) tsunami, tidal wave
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transparent, permeate, lter, penetrate opacity transparency, cleanness 3) permeation, penetration, soaking; osmosis 4) dialysis 5) dialysis

rice plant rice-plant rice crop 3) wet-land rice 4) paddy eld, rice eld 5) ear (head) of rice
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wall, lining (stomach), fence wall, barrier enclosing wall, barrier 3) fresco, mural, wall painting 4) outer wall 5) surface of a wall

tear, split, rend split, division, break up crack, crevice, ssure, chap 3) breakdown, rupture 4) explosion, rupture, break off 5) nuclear ssion
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tatami mat, do away with, counter for tatami mats, fold, shut up tatami mat (Japanese straw oor coverings) 4.5 tatami mats 3) stone paving 4) counter for tatami mats 5) folding paper-case, kimono wrapping paper

this, right, justice, just so correction, revision certainly, without fail; right and wrong 3) national policy 4) party platform, party principles 5) right or wrong
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cleverness, agile, alert sensibility, susceptibility, sensitive (to) nervousness, oversensitivity 3) smart, quick, prompt 4) sharpness, keenness, sensitiveness 5) quickness, agility, activity

abundant, rich, fertile surplus, composure, margin, room, time wealth, riches, opulence 3) afuence, prosperity 4) calm and composed, broadminded 5) calm and composed, broadminded
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expel, reject, repudiate, exclude evacuation, emission (e.g. of CO2, etc.) exclusion, removal, rejection, elimination 3) drainage 4) exhaust, ventilation 5) exclusion

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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turf, lawn lawn, sod, turf Toshiba (company) 3) play, drama 4) lawn 5) picture story show
1) 2) 1) 2)

strict, hard, solid, tough, tight, reliable main body (of troops); center eld holding on to, sticking to 3) bullish, rm (market) 4) steady, sound, reliable, solid 5) steady, rm, solid, secure

skin, body, grain, texture, disposition skin dermatology 3) skin disease 4) skin 5) scholarly bent of mind
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hawser, class (genus), rope, cord, cable rope; sumo grand champions braided belt yokozuna (sumo grand champion) 3) fundamental principles, outline 4) principle 5) general plan, main points, summary

look back, review, examine oneself, turn around adviser, advisor, consultant customer, client, patron 3) recollection 4) memoirs, reminiscences 5) to look back (e.g. over shoulder or at the past), to turn around, to review; to reect, to reconsider; to consider (usu. used in negative), to concern oneself about
1) 2) 1) 2)

thresh, handle, strip, entertain treatment, service treatment, service, handling, management 3) to handle, to deal with, to treat 4) way with (an animal), how to handle 5) to treat, to handle, to deal in

commandment vigilance, precaution, watch, lookout discipline, punishment, reprimand 3) admonition 4) martial law 5) posthumous Buddhist name
1) 2) 1) 2)

sue, accuse litigation, lawsuit administrative litigation (action) 3) criminal action 4) lawsuit, (legal) case 5) (lawsuit) costs

reputation, praise, honor, glory honor, honour, credit, prestige honour, honor 3) dishonor, dishonour, disgrace, shame 4) honorary position 5) honour, honor
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welfare, happiness welfare, well-being, social welfare social welfare 3) child welfare 4) assistive products (e.g. wheel chairs 5) welfare state

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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persuade, recommend, advise, encourage, offer advice, counsel, remonstrance, recommendation 2) recommendation, advice, suggestion 3) invitation, solicitation, canvassing 4) encouragement, stimulation 5) (encouragement of) industry
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delight, joy welcome, reception cheer, shout of joy 3) delight, great joy 4) exchange of courtesies (cordialities) 5) pleasure quarter

clique, lineage, pedigree, faction, clan clique, faction zaibatsu, plutocrats, nancial clique 3) clique, clan, faction 4) alma mater clique, old school tie 5) military clique or party
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boisterous, make noise, clamor, disturb, excite uproar, disturbance noise 3) strife, riot, rebellion 4) to make noise, to clamor, to be excited 5) clamour, uproar, tumult

carapace, armor, high (voice), A grade, rst class, former, instep carapace, shell; 1st in rank, grade A; instep rst of the sexagenary cycle 3) armored, armoured 4) thyroid gland 5) (ship) deck
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laundry, wash, pour on, rinse washing, laundry washing machine (laundry) 3) to rinse, to wash out; to have ones revenge 4) dry cleaning 5) clothes-pin, clothespin, clothes peg

cat cat kitten 3) stray cat, alley cat 4) black cat 5) pet cat
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cord, straw rope Okinawa (one of the Japanese Ryukyu islands) Director General of Okinawa Development Agency 3) rope, hemp 4) Jomon period, straw-rope pattern 5) roping off, stretching rope, demarcation

excuse, dismissal license, permit, licence, certicate immunity, immunization, immunisation 3) exemption, exoneration, discharge 4) reduction and exemption (e.g. taxes) 5) dismissal, sacking, discharge
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sway, swing, vibrate, rock, shake, tremble shaking, shaking up (ones adversary) disturbance, unrest, shaking, trembling 3) to shake, to swing, to sway, to shock 4) to shake, to jolt, to rock (cradle), to swing 5) to swing, to sway, to shake, to tremble

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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advise, encourage, offer, recommend, mat recommendation self-recommendation 3) recommendation 4) woven straw mat (orig. made of wild rice leaves); beggar; Manchurian wild rice (Zizania latifolia) 5) recommendation, advice, suggestion
1) 2) 1) 2)

previously, already, long ago already, too late existing 3) established, completed, existing 4) marriage, married 5) vested rights

neighboring neighbor (neighbour) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity 3) neighbouring country, neighboring country 4) adjoin, adjacent, related 5) neighbour, neighbor, neighbourhood
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steeple, pagoda, tower tower, pagoda control tower 3) pylon, steel tower 4) pagoda 5) pyramid, monumental work

showy, gay, gorgeous, splendor, ower, petal, shine, luster, ostentatious showy, brilliant, gorgeous, orid, gay wonderful, gorgeous, splendor, splendour 3) Chinese (e.g. food) 4) business district, shopping district 5) splendor, splendour, magnicence
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ferment, uproar, breed, seethe, boil to boil, to heat; to excite; to melt (metal) boiling, seething 3) to well up, to burst, to arise 4) water-heater, water-boiler 5) to boil up, to break out, to arise, to seethe

hide, cover, conceal to hide, to conceal secret withdrawal 3) appearing and disappearing 4) destruction, suppression 5) retirement; retired person
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pattern, example, model example, model extent, scope, sphere, range, span 3) wide, extensive, comprehensive, far-reaching 4) model, standard, pattern, norm, criterion 5) exemplar, exemplication, exemplum, model

candy, cakes, fruit pastry, confectionery Japanese confectionery 3) cheap sweets 4) Western confectionery 5) confectionery
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clear, philosophy philosophy philosophical 3) unusual 4) wise man, philosopher, sage 5) wise man

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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explanation explanation, interpretation release, liberation, acquittal 3) bail 4) explanation, vindication 5) the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama
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cedar, cryptomeria Japanese cedar, Cryptomeria japonica cryptomeria forest 3) door made of cedar 4) redwood 5) (a) solitary cryptomeria tree

gentle, peace, depravity compromise, giving in settlement, an agreement 3) valid, proper, right, appropriate 4) compromise plan 5) validity, verication, propriety
1) 2) 1) 2)

how many, how much, how far, how long how many?; how old? geometry 3) somewhat, to some extent, to some degree 4) multi-plied, repeated 5) many, numerous

overpowering, great, powerful, excelling, Australia wonderful, gorgeous, splendor, splendour veteran, champion 3) hearty, exciting, stirring, lively, heroic 4) heavy rain, cloudburst, downpour 5) wealthy person, millionaire
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threat, menace authority, power, inuence 3) power, might, authority, inuence 4) (pitchers) stuff 5) dignity

delicate, minuteness, insignicance delicate, subtle, sensitive; difcult microbe, germ 3) microscopic 4) slight earthquake 5) microscope
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stagnate, be delayed, overdue, arrears stay, sojourn congestion (e.g. trafc), delay, stagnation 3) stagnation, tie-up, congestion, retention 4) non-payment, default 5) arrears, (being) overdue

symptoms, illness illness symptoms, condition 3) prognostic symptoms, after-effect 4) syndrome 5) serious illness
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hump, high, noble, prosperity prosperity protuberance, projection, rising 3) rise, prosperity 4) prosperous, ourishing, thriving, muscular 5) prosperous, ourishing, thriving, muscular

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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headgear, cap hat, cap black-lacquered headgear (made of silk 3) removing ones hat 4) felt hat 5) fez
1) 2) 1) 2)

long time, temporarily, a while, moment tentative, temporary little while, short while, moment, instant 3) a short time later 4) for a short while, for a brief period 5) after a short time, presently

yell, cry, scream summons arousal, excitation, awakening, evocation 3) shout 4) to shout, to cry, to scream, to clamour 5) to call out (to), to call, to invoke
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liver, pluck, nerve, chutzpah liver, innards; courage, spirit, pluck, guts liver 3) essential, fundamental, crucial, vital, main 4) hepatitis 5) cirrhosis of the liver

wither, die, dry up, be seasoned to wither (plant), to be blasted, to die dead leaf, dry leaves 3) drying up, becoming exhausted, running dry 4) withering, dying 5) blighted, withered
1) 2) 1) 2)

miracle, excellent, delicate, charming, exquisite, strange, queer, mystery strange, unusual; (something) superb delicate, subtle, sensitive; difcult 3) strange, queer, curious 4) ingenious, skillful, clever, deft 5) exquisite, superb, perfect, miraculous

attack, advance on, succeed to, pile, heap to attack, to assail, to make an assault attack, charge, raid 3) air-raid 4) heredity, heritage 5) surprise attack
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cord, rope search (esp. for someone or something missing), investigation 2) groping (for) 3) looking up (e.g. a word in a dictionary) 4) index, indices, indexes 5) speculation, thinking, meditation

crank, grip, knob, design, shaft, pattern, build, nature, handle pattern, design brand, make, description 3) personality, character, personal appearance 4) ones person 5) knife attached to the sheath of a sword
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sociable, kind, courteous, hospitable, cordial informal talk friendship, intimacy 3) friendly (familiar) chat (talk) 4) kindness, intimacy, friendship 5) kindness, cordiality, exhaustiveness

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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hemp, ax ax, linen, hemp narcotic drugs, narcotic, opium, dope 3) hemp cloth, linen 4) hemp, cannabis; Shinto paper offerings 5) anaesthesia, anesthesia
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wonder, be surprised, frightened, amazed surprise, astonishment, wonder to surprise, to frighten, to create a stir 3) to be surprised 4) wonder, miracle 5) wonder, admiration

rapids, current, torrent, shallows, shoal shallows, shoal; rapids, current, torrent strait, channel 3) brink, critical moment 4) shallows 5) swift current, rapids
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drug, dose, medicine stimulant detergent, washing material 3) medicine, drug 4) insecticide, pesticide 5) chemist, pharmacist

collapse, fall into, cave in, fall (castle), slide into defect, fault, deciency, deformity fall, sinking, surrender, capitulation 3) cave-in, subsidence 4) to fall, to trap, to cave in, to collapse 5) to trick someone into (committing a crime
1) 2) 1) 2)

gist, proceed to, tend, become object, intent, aim; meaning meaning, tenor, gist; effect, inuence 3) hobby, tastes, preference 4) plan, idea 5) prospectus

8 1/3lbs, penetrate, brace, pierce kan (approx. 3.75 kg) consistency, coherence, integration 3) charge, rush, lightning attack 4) accomplishment, realization, realisation 5) pierce, penetrate, perforate
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avoid, purication, Buddhist food, alike, room, worship meals exchanged by parishioners and priests funeral hall 3) a study, library 4) mourning, abstinence; taboo 5) mourning, abstinence; taboo

comfort, console, consolation, amusement, seduce, cheer, make sport of solace, relaxation comfort the spirit (of the dead) 3) consolation 4) memorial service 5) condolences, sympathy call
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hermit, wizard, cent mountain in Nagasaki Prefecture immortal mountain wizard (in Taoism) 3) cent 4) hermit, wizard 5) daffodil, narcissus

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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boat, ship boat, small craft bitter enemies (placed by fate) in the same boat 3) timely help 4) pontoon 5) ship, boat, watercraft, vessel, steamship
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refreshing, nice and cool cool, refreshing cool (of weather), refreshing 3) soft drink 4) cool breeze, refreshing breeze 5) (enjoying the) cool of the evening

concurrently, and and, in addition, concurrently to be unable to (usu. kana) 3) additional post 4) concurrent post 5) equilibrium, good balance, poise
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decameron, 10day period, season (for specic products month (last third of) middle of a month, second third of a month 3) ten-day period 4) rst 10 days of month 5) rst 10 days of the month

instant, namely, as is, conform, agree, adapt prompt, immediate, in real time same day 3) to conform to, to agree with 4) immediate, right there on the spot, impromptu 5) enthronement
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delicious, relish, show a liking for, purport, will, clever, expert object, intent, aim; meaning point, essentials, gist, summary 3) center (centre), pillar, principle; purport 4) point of an argument, drift of an argument 5) main object, principal object, true aim

counterfeit, falsehood, lie, forgery, deceive, pretend imitation, fake, phony, counterfeit, forged forgery, falsication, fabrication 3) untrue, falsehood, ction, deception, vanity 4) false evidence, perjury, false testimony 5) truth or error, authenticity
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willow willow (any tree of genus Salix) comic haiku 3) green willow (i.e. one that has budded) 4) red-light district 5) Chinese "Willow" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)

token, sign, mark, tally, charm full stop, period; end 64th note 3) ticket 4) 8th note 5) question mark
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contrast, compare comparison comparative, relative 3) to compare, to make a comparison; to compete 4) theory of comparative advantage 5) proofreading, correction of press

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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accurate, well-informed, detailed, full, minute knowing very well, detailed, full, accurate detail, particulars 3) full report, particulars 4) unknown, unidentied, unspecied 5) detailed explanation
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leadership, supremacy

champion,

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successive championships conquest, domination, mastery 3) hegemony 4) supreme ruler, champion, titleholder 5) ambition, aspiration

hate, detest hatred hatred 3) love and hate, likes and dislikes 4) hateful, abominable, poor-looking, detestable 5) to hate, to detest
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resist, reach, touch electrical resistance, resistance, opposition collision, conict; being contrary 3) mortgage, a lien on ones mortgage 4) mostly, ordinarily, usually, generally 5) ordinary

overgrown, grow thick, be luxuriant thicket to grow thickly, to be in full leaf 3) to grow thickly, to be overgrown 4) luxuriant growth 5) abatis
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coerce, threaten threat, menace threat, menace, coercion, terrorism 3) threat 4) to threaten, to menace; to startle 5) to threaten, to menace

sacrice victim victim, sacrice, scapegoat 3) sacrice y (baseball) 4) sacrice y, bunt 5) self-sacrice, self-renunciation
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agreement, consent, comply with positive, afrmation to nod, to bow ones head in assent 3) acknowledge, ACK 4) afrmative 5) assent, consent

gracious, elegant, graceful, rened elegance, grace, renement old Japanese court music, gagaku 3) renement, elegance 4) elegance, grace 5) elegant (literary) style
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long-distance, spur, fetlock distance, range long distance, long haul 3) short distance, short range, short-haul 4) short distance 5) long distance, tele-

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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netting, network net, netting; web communications network 3) retina 4) wire netting, wire mesh, wire screen 5) trafc network
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embellish, decorate, ornament, adorn decoration to decorate, to ornament, to adorn 3) ornament 4) clothing and accessories, attire 5) jewels and ornaments, jewelry, jewellery

imperial, dragon dragon (esp. a Chinese dragon) dinosaur 3) Dragon King; promoted rook (shogi) 4) gateway to success, opening to honours 5) tornado, waterspout
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parch, dry up dry, arid, insipid, dehydrated drying machine, dryer, desiccator 3) impatience, uneasiness, irritation 4) to make merry, to frolic 5) dry fruit (i.e. nuts); dried fruit

domestic fowl and animals, livestock domestic animals, livestock, cattle animal husbandry 3) stock-farming 4) men and animals 5) brute
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thick, overgrown, frequency, complexity, trouble, luxuriant prospering, prosperity, thriving, ourishing frequent, incessant 3) breed, multiply, increase, propagation 4) business district, shopping district 5) prosperity, ourishing, thriving

lagoon tidal at, tideland lagoon 3) Lagoon Hachiro 4) Niigata prefecture (Hokuriku area) 5) lagoon
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wing, plane, ank wing right-wing 3) left-wing 4) (a) part 5) main wings (of an aeroplane, airplane)

dislike, detest, hate disagreeable, detestable, unpleasant dislike, hate; suspicion, tendency 3) harassment, pestering 4) to hate, to dislike, to loathe 5) dislike, disgust, disinclination, tired of
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fascination, charm, bewitch charm, fascination, glamour, glamor fascination 3) attraction, fascination, lure, captivation 4) to be entranced or possessed 5) to be charmed by

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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similar variety of, alike, equal, adjusted simultaneous, all at once singing or chanting in unison 3) to put in order, to arrange, to adjust 4) equal, similar, like, equivalent 5) simultaneously, all at once
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boy, priests residence, priest grand master of the game of go baby 3) Buddhist priest, monk 4) boy 5) Buddhist priest, bonze; close cropped hair

hug, embrace, possess, protect, lead back, support protection, advocacy, support, defence 3) to have, to possess 4) embrace, hug, holding in ones arms 5) retaining wall (civil engineering)
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spread, pave, sit, promulgate site, plot, lot, grounds storage charges 3) (dry) riverbed 4) desk pad, mat; something lying underneath 5) (Japanese) mattress, underquilt

penalty, punishment (divine) punishment, curse, retribution ne, penalty 3) penal regulations 4) corporal punishment 5) punishment
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sphere, circle, radius, range the capital city (often Tokyo) area (typically within 50 km of citys centre) (center) 2) within the sphere 3) Arctic Circle, the Arctic 4) stratosphere 5) outside range, outside orbit

cornerstone, foundation stone foundation, basis foundation stone, cornerstone 3) basic or standard deduction 4) foundation stone, cornerstone 5) English Language Prociency Test, TOEFL
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overthrow, perish, destroy, ruin destruction, extinction lapse, annihilation (physics); extinguishment 3) destruction, annihilation, devastation 4) extermination 5) destruction, suppression

leg, undercarriage, skids foot; leg; gait; pace script, screenplay, scenario 3) footlight, limelight 4) three-legged race 5) losing ones standing, being overthrown
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sour, rot, decay decay, depravity tofu, bean-curd 3) taking pains to, racking ones brains 4) corrosion 5) preservation, embalmment

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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I (male), me I, me; you (used addressing young children) public servant 3) servant, manservant, menial 4) I, me 5) slave; retainer, servant; captive; varlet; I
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exhaust, deplete, serve, run out of, befriend, use up to exhaust, to run out; to devote unreasonable, irrational 3) efforts, assistance 4) to deal exhaustively with 5) to be used up, to be run out, to be exhausted

orphan, alone orphan isolation, helplessness 3) isolation, loneliness, solitude 4) orphanage 5) solitary island
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slip, unk, slippery, slide glide, volplane viscous liquid, slime, mucus 3) smooth, undisturbed, uninterrupted 4) descent (in skiing) 5) smoothness, glassiness

compensation, indemnify reparations, indemnity, compensation indemnities, reparations 3) mandatory vehicle liability insurance 4) mandatory vehicle liability insurance 5) restitution, compensation for damages
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inammation, ame, blaze ame, blaze pneumonia 3) hepatitis 4) blazing up 5) Molotov cocktail

between, pinch to interpose, to hold between, to insert pincer attack, attack on both sides (anks) 3) to get between, to be caught in 4) (baseball) rundown 5) to insert; to interrupt, to slip in a word
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ones natural life, longevity, congratulations congratulations!, long life! longevity 3) life span 4) Ebisu (god of shing and commerce) 5) 88th birthday

chain, irons, connection closing, closure, shutdown, lockout chain, chains 3) blockade; freezing (funds) 4) chain, chaining, catena, connection 5) economic blockade, embargo
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stubborn, foolish, rmly Hold on, Go for it, Keep at it obstinate 3) stubbornness, obstinacy 4) tenacity, endurance 5) to persist, to insist on, to stand rm

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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polish, grind, scrape, chafe, rub friction, rubbing, rubdown, chafe skyscraper 3) massage; masseur, masseuse 4) to pat, to stroke; to rub off, to polish 5) to pat, to stroke; to rub off, to polish
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coloring, paint, makeup colour, color, hue, tints variegated, varicoloured, multi-colored 3) to colour, to color, to paint, to make up 4) oil painting 5) brilliance, vividness

shine, sparkle, gleam, twinkle, radiance radiance brilliant, glorious, glittering 3) to shine, to glitter 4) to light up, to brighten 5) brightness, clearness, luminance
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encourage, be diligent, inspire encouragement (as an abstract concept) encouragement, promotion, message, address 3) (act of) encouragement, stimulus, incentive 4) encouragement 5) to encourage, to cheer, to raise (the voice)

axis, pivot, stem, stalk, counter for book scrolls axis, stem, shaft, axle main shaft 3) axis, pivot, central gure, key man 4) key, yardstick, criterion, standard 5) pivot leg
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amass, keeping a concubine, phonograph savings emergency stores, stored, reserved 3) accumulation, accumulate, store 4) amassing of wealth 5) store, reserve, stock, savings

earnings, work, earn money earnings working away from home 3) operation (of machine), actual work 4) operating ratio, rate of operation 5) trade, business, commerce, occupation
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patrol, go around, circumference police, policeman going around, patrol, round, tour 3) provincial tour 4) inspection tour 5) pilgrimage, pilgrim

cannon, gun gun, cannon, artillery, ordnance ring, discharge of gun 3) bombarding, shelling, bombardment 4) main battery, main armament 5) shell
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wink, blink, twinkle moment, second, instant moment, instant 3) moment, instant 4) to twinkle (e.g. stars), to icker, to waver 5) wink, twinkling (of stars)

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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triumphantly, boast, be proud, pride pride, boast to boast of, to be proud of 3) exaggeration, hyperbole 4) exaggeration 5) proud, haughty, arrogant, splendid
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erupt, spout, emit, ush out eruption spewing, gushing, spouting, eruption 3) (eruption of) smoke 4) jet, spray, injection, jet propulsion 5) to spout, to spurt, to gush out

cloud up, cloudy weather cloudiness, cloudy weather, shadow cloudy sky (weather) 3) to become cloudy, to become dim 4) slightly cloudy 5) cloudiness, cloudy weather, shadow
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good fortune, auspicious, blessedness, good omen

happiness,

scandal, deplorable event origin, appearance of auspicious omen 3) cradle (of civilisation, civilization, etc.) 4) lucky omen, happy, auspicious 5) good omen

regularity, salary, order order, regularity, system, method disorder, chaos, confusion 3) peace and order, law and order 4) ofcial salary 5) (maintain, observe) social (public) order
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animal sacrice, offering victim victim, sacrice, scapegoat 3) offering (to the gods, emperor, etc.); gift 4) self-sacrice, self-renunciation 5) casualty

tempt, seduce, instigate, promote suggestion, hint, implication instigation 3) to excite, to incite, to stimulate, to arouse 4) to instigate, to tempt 5) instigation
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sovereign, the emperor, god, creator emperor (of Japan), mikado empire, imperial 3) the capital 4) emperor 5) imperialism

calm, peace, easy, Thailand, peaceful Thailand peace, security, tranquility, tranquillity 3) calm, composed, self-possessed, rm 4) Thailand 5) the Occident, the West
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thwart, separate from, prevent, obstruct, deter, impede obstruction, check, hindrance, prevention to keep someone from doing, to stop 3) obstruction, inhibition 4) depressed in spirits, rejection, disheartened 5) precipice, steep (e.g. mountain pass)

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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slap, strike, hit, beat, tell, speak sumo wrestling; sumo wrestler, rikishi professional sumo wrestling 3) blow, hit (on the body), beating 4) extermination 5) sumo wrestling in which both wrestlers grasp the others belt with both hands
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bribe, board, supply, nance accepting bribes, corruption, graft bribery, corruption, graft 3) to give board to, to provide meals, to pay 4) bribery, corruption 5) boarding, board, meals, catering, cook

chrysanthemum chrysanthemum, Chrysantemum morifolium chrysanthemum 3) wild chrysanthemum, aster 4) white chrysanthemum 5) daisy
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ditch, moat, canal moat, canal canal 3) canal 4) outer moat (castle) 5) inner moat, moat within the castle walls

connection, afnity, brink, border, relation, edge, verge (surrounding) edge unrelated, without relations, unidentied 3) hetu and prataya (direct causes and indirect conditions, which underlie the actions of all things); fate, destiny; connection, origin; pretext 4) blood relative or relationship, consanguinity 5) omen
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strangle, constrict, wring to press, to wring, to squeeze iris (camera, eye) 3) to strangle, to constrict 4) hanging, strangulation 5) death by hanging

swell, get fat, thick huge, bulky, enormous, extensive, swelling to get cross, to get sulky, to swell (out) 3) expansion, swelling, increase, growth 4) to swell, to expand, to inate, to bulge 5) to expand, to swell (out), to get big
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solely, only, merely, simply only, sole, unique ordinary, common, usual; free of charge 3) materialism 4) even at the best of times 5) absolutely, only, emphatic modier

cram school, private school coaching school, cramming school, juku principal of a private school 3) private school 4) private-school student 5) private school (in house)
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-proof, enduring to bear, to stand, to endure, to put up with endurance, persistence 3) endurance, perseverance, patience 4) resistance (e.g. to antibiotics) 5) durability

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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jubilation, congratulate, rejoice, be happy strong man Waseda-Keio (baseball) game 3) congratulation; celebration 4) auspicious event 5) congratulations and condolences
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time, leak, escape to let leak, to reveal roof leak 3) leak out 4) peeing 5) to leak, to run out

perfume, balmy, avorable, fragrant sweet, fragrant, aromatic perfume, fragrance, aroma, balm 3) poor, unfavourable, unfavorable, disgraceful 4) sweet, fragrant, aromatic; savory, savoury 5) sweet-smelling, scentful, fragrant
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erce, rave, rush, become furious, wildness, strength heat wave, erce heat violent, vehement, rage 3) erce attack 4) fury, power, menace 5) heavy blow, heavy hit

sabre, sword, blade, clock hand sword (originally esp. a doubled-edged sword) 2) kendo, swordmanship, fencing 3) fencer 4) seriousness, earnestness 5) swords, cold steel
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punish, discipline, penal, chastise penal servitude discipline, punishment, reprimand 3) discipline, punishment, reprimand 4) to learn by experience, to be disgusted with 5) rewarding good and punishing evil

chess piece, Japanese chess, shogi shogi, Japanese chess, xianqi great master of go (shogi) 3) shogi or go player 4) shogi (go) hall 5) ones style of playing shogi or go
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patent, clear public acknowledgment, public acknowledgement 2) manifesting, displaying, honouring, honoring 3) testimonial, certicate of commendation 4) manifest, exhibiting clearly 5) public praise

hoist, fry in deep fat oating (in the air) fried bean curd 3) raising an army, launching business 4) enhancement, exaltation, promotion, uplift 5) landing, unloading, a catch, takings
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constancy, always established practice, established practise permanent, perpetuity 3) constancy 4) xed or real property 5) (xed) star (i.e. not a planet, meteorite

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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ethics, companion ethics, morals adultery, immorality, impropriety 3) ethical 4) ethics, moral philosophy 5) Motion Picture Code of Ethics Committee
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assume (a name), risk, face, defy, dare, damage beginning, start, outset risk, venture, adventure 3) to brave, to risk, to face, to venture 4) blasphemy, curse, profanity, sacrilege 5) cold

recollection, think, remember memory, recollection, remembrance; storage guess, speculation, supposition 3) cowardice, timidity 4) recollection, reminiscence 5) to remember, to recollect, to memorize
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exhibit, state, relate, explain statement, declaration petition, appeal 3) apology 4) exhibition, display, show 5) renewal, replacement, metabolism

overcome, kindly, skillfully subjugation, conquest, victory detailed, elaborate, faithfulness, diligence 3) self denial, self control 4) rivalry 5) juniors dominating seniors
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hide, lower (voice), hush, submerge, conceal potentiality, dormancy, latency submarine 3) to lurk, to lie dormant, to be hidden 4) diving 5) nuclear submarine

outline, condition, approximation, generally approximation, rough estimate general idea, concept, notion 3) outline, summary, abridgment, synopsis 4) strong spirit 5) generally, as a rule
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point, peak, mountain mountains peak; mountain 3) mountain in Nagasaki Prefecture 4) (mans) father-in-law, father of ones wife 5) mountain district

leave as is, silence, become silent, stop speaking to be silent silence, reticence 3) silent prayer 4) tacit, implicit 5) keep silent, keep a secret
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concerned, adhere to, despite, arrest, seize restriction, restraint, binding detention, connement, arrest 3) prison, detention house 4) intern 5) detention, hold a person in custody

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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atmosphere, fog atmosphere (e.g. musical), mood, ambience frosty air 3) misty air 4) to spoil the mood 5) family atmosphere
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partial, side, left-side radical, inclining, biased deviation, deviation value prejudice, narrow view 3) preponderance, making too much of 4) deviation, inclination, offset, polarization 5) propensity, tendency, inclination, deection

consult with question, enquiry, inquiry to consult with, to discuss, to confer 3) International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee, CCITT 4) consultative body, advisory committee 5) question, enquiry, inquiry
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interview, treat, entertain, receive, deal with treatment, reception favorable treatment, favourable treatment 3) treatment, dealing with 4) most favourable treatment 5) environment, circumstances

eminent, table, desk, high table, desk, high table tennis, ping-pong 3) dining table 4) round table 5) excellence, superiority
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narrow, contract, cramped, tight heart attack, angina pectoris narrow gate, obstacle 3) narrow, small, cramped 4) interval, threshold, interstice; valley 5) to narrow, to reduce, to contract

register, record book register of names account book, register 3) household account book 4) unaccounted, off the books 5) journalization (accounts), journalisation
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provisions, food, bread provisions, rations, food supply food agency 3) (army) provisions, food 4) food, provisions 5) provisions

particularly, especially, exceptionally special, unique semigovernmental corporation 3) meritorious deeds 4) difference (from one another) 5) admirable, laudable
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hearth, furnace, kiln, reactor atomic reactor, nuclear reactor nuclear reactor core 3) blast furnace 4) censer, incense burner 5) hearth, replace; furnace, kiln

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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warship warship (naval) eet, armada 3) submarine 4) (ocean) vessels, warship 5) military vessel, war eet
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raise, augment, increase, multiply increase, multiplication, propagation breed, multiply, increase, propagation 3) raising, culture, cultivation 4) reproduction 5) colonization, colonisation, exploitation

strange, strangeness, curiosity strange, queer, curious miracle, wonder, marvel 3) curiosity, inquisitiveness 4) surprise attack 5) odd, strange, wonderful
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people, companions, comrade, fellow senior (at work or school), superior, elder junior (at work or school) 3) turning out in great numbers 4) party (of people), set (of people), clan 5) I (nuance of arrogance), me, myself; we, us

scheme, impose on, have in mind, plan, deceive, conspire, devise, cheat staff ofcer, participating in planning plot intrigue, conspiracy 3) conspiracy, complicity 4) planning, plotting, ringleader 5) reckless, thoughtless, recklessness
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ridicule, laziness pride, boast chronicity, chronic 3) patience, endurance, perseverance, tolerance 4) chronic 5) negligence, procrastination, carelessness

Mr., Ms., height, stature, all (one has), only, thats all, merely, length, 10feet, measure height, stature, length, measure safe, all right, OK, okay 3) healthy, robust, strong, solid, durable 4) stature, height 5) solid, rm, stout, burly, strong, sturdy
1) 2) 1) 2)

clap, beat (music) clapping hands, applause (riding) spur 3) (musical) time, tempo, beat, rhythm 4) pulse, pulsation, stroke of pulse 5) ones heart rate, pulse rate

capsize, cover, shade, mantle, be ruined to cover, to hide, to conceal, to wrap to overturn, to upset, to overthrow 3) capsizing, overturn, turning over, upset 4) mask, veil, disguise 5) mantle, cover, shroud, hood
1) 2) 1) 2)

be at ease, broadminded, tolerant, leniency, generosity, relax, feel at home forbearance, tolerance, generosity tolerance, liberality, leniency 3) lenient, gentle 4) relaxed 5) broadminded

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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distance, separate, gulf, isolate, alternate distance, interval, gap, difference isolation, segregation, separation 3) space, interval, SPC 4) distant, remote, isolated 5) partition, distinction
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sheath, placenta, sac cell (biology) brethren, brothers, fellow countrymen 3) spore 4) (ovarian) follicle 5) cell division

disappear, drown, sink, die, hide, fall into death in battle, killed in action after death, posthumously 3) discard; death; rejection (of a manuscript 4) sunset 5) immersing oneself
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cleanse, exorcise, Manchu Dynasty, clean, purify purication, cleanup washing, cleaning, laundering 3) clean water 4) self-purication, self-cleansing 5) septic tank, tank for purifying water

upright, chastity, constancy, righteousness rm adherence to ones principles to harp too long on a subject 3) chastity, purity 4) chastity, virtue, delity, feminine modesty 5) virtuous woman, faithful wife
1) 2) 1) 2)

time, leave of absence, spare time, rest, leisure spare time, free time, leisure; time off holiday, day off, furlough 3) leisure, leisure time, spare time 4) waste of time, killing time 5) ones leisure hours

secret, shadow, shade, yin, negative, sex organs plot intrigue, conspiracy shadow or cloud (e.g. on someones happiness) 3) shade, shadow 4) malicious gossip, backbiting 5) place in the shade of a mountain
1) 2) 1) 2)

specimen, take warning from, learn from judgement, judgment, expert opinion appreciation (e.g. of art), aesthetic sense 3) stamp, seal 4) illustrated reference book 5) yearbook, almanac, annual

drop, drip raindrops, falling drop of water drop (of uid) 3) drop of water 4) drop (of water), drip 5) dripping, a drop
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inscription, signature (of artisan) brand, make, description deep impression 3) keep in mind, take note of, remember 4) to engrave an inscription 5) inscription

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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ardent, violent, vehement, furious, severe, extreme strong, intense, severe violent, vehement, rage 3) severe, bitter, scathing 4) ardent, passionate, vehement 5) vividness
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follow, though, notwithstanding, while, during, both, all, obey, submit to, comply, at the mercy of (the waves) 1) at any time, as occasion calls everywhere 3) follow 4) essays, miscellaneous writings 5) member of an entourage or retinue or party
2)

draft, copy, manuscript, straw manuscript, copy manuscript, version, draft 3) contribution, submission 4) Japanese writing paper 5) contribution (e.g. to newspaper)
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inquire, fathom, look for cross-examination, interrogation, questioning to ask, to enquire, to inquire; to search 3) common, usual 4) great depth (lit: thousand fathoms) 5) missing person, wanted person

disclose, open, say enlightenment, development, edication enlightenment, instruction 3) Dear (so and so) 4) apocalypse, revelation 5) "awakening of insects" solar term (approx. Mar. 6, the day on which hibernating insects are said to come out of the ground)
1) 2) 1) 2)

rust-colored, red, red lead, pills Isetan (department store) red earth (i.e. containing cinnabar or minium), vermilion 3) assiduity, diligence, application 4) tree peony, Paeonia suffruticosa 5) working earnestly, sincerity, diligence

ridgepole, ridge large building; counter for buildings (hospital) ward 3) separate building, outbuilding, outhouse 4) chief support, pillar (e.g. of nation) 5) ridge (of roof)
1) 2) 1) 2)

hill, knoll hill, height, knoll, rising ground hill 3) sand dune, sand hill 4) mound, hill 5) tumulus, grave mound

cartoon, involuntarily, in spite of oneself, corrupt comic, cartoon cartoonist, manga artist 3) comedian, comic dialogue 4) whimsy, looseness, indiscretion, laxity 5) chat, desultory conversation
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lot, earth, soil Pyongyang soil 3) heaven and earth 4) heaven and earth 5) acid soil

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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sticky, glutinous, greasy, persevere stickiness, viscosity tenacious, persevering, persistent, stubborn 3) clay 4) mucous membrane 5) to be sticky, to be adhesive, to persevere
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mysterious, occultness entranceway, entry hall unpolished rice, unmilled rice, brown rice 3) expert (professional) in a given trade or profession; woman in the nightlife business, demimondaine 4) entrance, front door 5) doorkeeper, janitor enlightenment, perceive, discern, realize, understand resolution, resignation, readiness comprehension, understanding 3) enlightenment, great wisdom 4) to attain enlightenment, to perceive 5) intelligent, shrewd
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shop, store shop, store old shop, shop of long standing 3) shop, store; counter for folded maps, etc. 4) pavement, road surface 5) head ofce, main shop
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advancing, going, ination sudden price jump, steep price rise sudden rise, jump, sharp rise 3) boiling, seething 4) sudden rise, sharp rise, boom, skyrocketing 5) reactionary price rise
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pregnancy conception, pregnancy contraception 3) pregnant woman 4) infertility, sterility, barrenness 5) expectant and nursing mothers

insane, crazy, confuse, lunatic kyogen (farce played during a Noh cycle) wild enthusiasm, being crazy about 3) madness 4) fury, frenzy, madness 5) to go mad; to get out of order, to go amiss
1) 2) 1) 2)

consummate, accomplish, attain, commit (suicide) attempt (at crime) accomplishment, execution 3) to accomplish, to achieve, to carry out 4) to accomplish, to nish, to fulll 5) to accomplish

horizontal, woof, left & right, latitude details, whole story, sequence of events north latitude 3) latitude (nav.) 4) southern latitude 5) weft, woof (crosswise threads on a loom)
1) 2) 1) 2)

branch off, fork in road, scene, arena, theater Gifu (pn) digression, many divergences 3) junction, crossroads, division point 4) forked road, crossroads 5) divergence (e.g. in a road); forking, jump

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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decline, wane, weaken senility, senile decay weakening, emaciation, decline 3) decline, decay 4) to become weak, to decline, to wear, to abate 5) weakness, debility, breakdown, prostration
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cultivate, foster cultivation cultivation, nurture, culture 3) to cultivate, to foster 4) vegetable and fruit growing 5) agricultural species

bend, inch, submit, yield theory, reason disgrace, humiliation 3) leading, foremost, preeminent, outstanding 4) worry, care 5) narrow, tight, stiff, rigid, uneasy, formal
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rowboat, small boat military vessel, war eet boat race 3) row (a boat) 4) boat 5) boat, watercraft

pluck, pull, extract, excel lottery, rafe, drawing (of lots) abstract 3) abstract 4) extraction, abstraction 5) abstraction
1) 2) 1) 2)

thin, faint, pale, eeting disinterested, unconcerned, indifferent fresh water 3) light and shade, shade (of colour, color) 4) light (color, colour, taste), simple, plain 5) coolness, indifference

imperial court, government ofce, courts courtroom imperial court, royal court 3) adjourning court 4) court session, trial 5) Imperial Court
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expose, open announcement, show, display, introduction express ones opinion, making known 3) wedding reception banquet 4) condential letter 5) read, peruse

exhort, urge, encourage encouragement, promotion, message, address scholarship 3) encouragement to study 4) recommendation, endorsement 5) recommendation
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associate, quasi-, semiratication, ratify quasi-, semi-, associate 3) commodore, brigadier general 4) practical nurse 5) to pattern after, to liken to, to imitate

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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surplus, besides excess, overredundant, surplus, residue, balance 3) surplus, balance 4) besides (usu. negative nuance), moreover 5) besides (usu. negative nuance), moreover
1) 2) 1) 2)

immersed, soak, dip, steep, moisten, wet, dunk permeation, penetration, soaking; osmosis ood, inundation 3) to be soaked in, to be ooded 4) erosion, corrosion 5) ooded out, submersion

slender, ne, thin kimono bre, ber, textile delicate, dainty, ne, slim, sensitive 3) synthetic ber, synthetic bre 4) synthetic bre, synthetic ber 5) synthetic bers, synthetic bres
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gall bladder, courage, pluck, nerve liver, innards; courage, spirit, pluck, guts bold, daring, audacious 3) discouragement, despondency, dejection 4) gallstones 5) bile, gall

spirits, soul soul, spirit, departed soul, ghost comfort the spirit (of the dead) 3) ghost, specter, spectre, apparition, phantom 4) cemetery 5) memorial service
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emptiness, unpreparedness, crack, ssure, untruth, void untrue, falsehood, ction, deception, vanity modesty, humility 3) ction, fabrication, concoction; ctitious 4) ruins 5) virtual image, pretense, pretence

rebuke, admonish, charge, warn, persuade teacher teacher for the handicapped 3) to admonish, to persuade, to warn 4) guidance, admonition 5) assistant or associate professor
1) 2) 1) 2)

regret, repent regret, repentance crying from vexation, tears of regret 3) regrettable, mortifying, vexing 4) to mourn, to lament; to be sorry, to regret 5) regret, repentance

tyrannize, oppress atrocity, massive killing ill-treatment, oppression 3) cruelty, brutality 4) to oppress 5) tyranny, outrage, atrocity, cruel
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harsh, wretched, disaster, cruelty disastrous, tragic, miserable, wretched disaster, horrible accident 3) ignominious defeat, crushing failure 4) disastrous scene, terrible spectacle 5) calamity

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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crash, fall (down) falling, crashing shooting down (aircraft) 3) abasement, fall, forfeit 4) to fall down, to drop; to fail (e.g. exam) 5) to fall down, to drop; to fail (e.g. exam)
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utter, change (mind), ip, turn over, wave translation; de-encryption, deciphering to turn over, to turn around 3) to turn over, to wave, to utter 4) change ones mind 5) adaptation (of story, text)

set, lay a foundation, install, equip, squat down, sit down deferment (e.g. of savings) to place (in position), to x 3) to gaze at, to stare at, to focus on 4) installation, setting, tting, mounting 5) to sit, to squat; to assume (a position)
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marsh, lake, bog, swamp, pond swamp, bog, pond, lake bog, marsh 3) lakes and marshes 4) marshy rice eld or paddy 5) marshland, wetland, swampland

board, load (a vehicle), ride loading (on board), equipping embarkation, boarding (an aeroplane 3) boarding announcement 4) boarding passes, boarding tickets 5) crew member
1) 2) 1) 2)

gradually, slowly, deliberately, gently slowly, little by little, gradually, steadily gradually, steadily, quietly, slowly; soon 3) going slowly 4) slowly, gently 5) slowly, gently

waterfall, rapids, cascade waterfall; rapids rapids 3) top of a waterfall 4) basin under a waterfall 5) cascade
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shield, escutcheon, pretext shield, buckler, escutcheon, pretext contradiction, inconsistency 3) backing, support, backer, supporter, patron 4) to oppose, to resist, to defy 5) (constellation) Scutum, the Shield

disturb, prevent, hamper, obstruct disturbance, obstruction, hindrance, jamming obstruction, hindrance 3) to disturb, to prevent, to obstruct 4) trafc obstruction 5) disturbance, obstruction, hindrance, jamming
1) 2) 1) 2)

rut, wheel, track, model, way of doing orbit, trajectory; railroad track locus; wagon tracks 3) proper course, beaten track 4) circular orbit 5) to concur, to be the same (thought, opinion

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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whale whale whaling, whale shing 3) whale meat 4) minke whale 5) spermaceti (waxy substance found in the head cavities of sperm whales)
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grate, scour, rub, scratch, scrape, chafe friction, rubbing, rubdown, chafe to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to le 3) scratch, graze, abrasion 4) to blame another 5) to touch lightly, to take a percentage (from)

consent, assent, agreement acceptance consent, acquiescence, agreement 3) consent 4) ready consent 5) consent or refusal, yes or no
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feudal manor, villa, inn, cottage holiday house, villa mountain villa, mountain retreat 3) solemnity, gravity, impressiveness 4) manor 5) counter for games of mahjongg

drift, oat (on liquid) to drift about, to oat, to hang in air drifting, drift 3) bleaching agent, bleach 4) drifting ashore 5) roaming, drifting about, wandering
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thunder, lightning bolt thunder land mine 3) (sea) mine 4) thunderstorm 5) thunderbolt, bolt of lightning

intuition, perception perception, intuition, the sixth sense calculation, counting, consideration 3) taking into consideration 4) misunderstanding, wrong guess 5) splitting the cost, Dutch treat
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yearn, breast, heart, bosom, pocket, miss someone, feelings, become attached to bosom, bust; (breast) pocket, purse, handbag doubt, skepticism, scepticism, disbelief 3) dear, desired, missed 4) to yearn for (miss) someone (thing) 5) electric torch, ashlight

kidnap, falsify abduction, kidnapping, kidnaping to kidnap 3) to carry off, to run away with, to kidnap 4) absconding with money 5) kidnap, abduction
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plantation, planting cultivation bonsai 3) raising trees and plants 4) vegetable and fruit growing 5) agricultural species

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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marry, append, garnish, suit, imitate, meet, satisfy, annexed, attach, accompany attendance on, attendant, escort, chaperon food additive 3) addition, additive, appendix 4) accompanying, escorting 5) addition, annexing
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send by horse, burdensome, pack horse, horse load futility, uselessness, pointlessness wasting ... on (e.g. money), squandering 3) useless, no good, hopeless 4) cheap sweets 5) geta (Japanese footwear), wooden clogs

diagonal, slanting, oblique slope, slanting surface, bevel obliqueness 3) inclination, slant, slope, bevel, list, dip 4) setting sun, declining 5) diagonal
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best, peerless, crown cap (esp. a traditional cap worn with sokutai or ikan clothing), crown, diadem, coronet; top kanji radical; rst verse of a haikai, etc.; best, peerless, rst 2) laurels, garland 3) important ceremonial occasions in family relationships 4) winner of Japans three main horse races 5) winner of triple crown (baseball) wandering, waves, billows ronin wandering 3) waste, extravagance 4) recitation of stories accompanied by samisen (called naniwabushi) 5) Naniwa (former name for Osaka region)
1) 2)

Asia, rank next, come after, -ous East Asia, the Orient zinc (Zn) 3) Asia (esp. "the Far East"); Asian, Asiatic 4) subtropics 5) bad second, epigone, adherent, follower
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podium, stage, rostrum, terrace platform, podium, rostrum; mandala last moment, eleventh hour 3) on a stage or platform or altar 4) rostrum, platform 5) platform
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deceive, pretend, lie, falsehood fraud, swindle, graft misrepresentation, false statement 3) swindler, imposter, crook 4) exploitation, fraud, swindle 5) condence game

witch, demon, evil spirit demon, devil, evil spirit, evil inuence devil, demon, end, Satan, evil spirit 3) hindrance, intrusion 4) magic, witchcraft, sorcery 5) witch
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meritorious deed, merit decoration, order, medal meritorious deeds 3) Order of Culture, Order of Cultural Merit 4) conferring of decorations 5) distinguished service, meritorious service

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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purple, violet purple, violet ultra-violet rays 3) violet 4) Medal with Purple Ribbon 5) bluish purple
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repay, reward, retribution remuneration, recompense, reward, toll exchange, reciprocation, give-and-take 3) free of charge, gratuitous, without pay 4) to reward, to recompense, to repay 5) reward, recompense, return, punishment

wholesale wholesale wholesale 3) wholesale price 4) wholesale market 5) wholesale price


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family crest, gures ripple, ring on the water ngerprint 3) (family) crest, coat of arms 4) voice print 5) crest, coat of arms

parry, diverge, deviate, idleness, leisure, miss the mark, evade, elude deviation, omission, departure outstanding talent 3) anecdote 4) article of rare beauty, gem 5) to lose (a chance), to miss (a chance)
1) 2) 1) 2)

column, handrail, blank, space column of text (e.g. as in a newspaper) this column 3) blank space 4) margin 5) guardrail, handrail, bannister

clear (the land), open, break up (land) reclamation (of wasteland), cultivation colonization, colonisation, exploitation 3) land reclamation (from sea) 4) Takushoku Bank 5) pioneer, settler, colonist
1) 2) 1) 2)

horizon, shore ones lifetime (i.e. ones existence until death) education for life 3) horizon 4) lifetime, ones whole life, all through life 5) public life, public career

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furthermore, still, yet, more, still more 1) hell premature 2) during imprisonment, while in jail (gaol) 3) preceptor or high priest (esp. in Zen or Pure 3) prison Land Buddhism); preceptor or high priest 4) scandal, graft case (in Tendai or Kegon Buddhism); preceptor or 5) imprisonment high priest (in Shingon, Hosso, Ritsu or Shin Buddhism); second highest priestly rank in Buddhism; monk (esp. the head monk of a temple); master (of ones art, trade, etc.) sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/ 4) high, noble, rened, advanced 5) all the more

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calm, quiet, moderation calm, gentle, quiet quiet, dependable, uniform 3) tranquil, calm, restful, peaceful, quiet 4) unrest, turbulence, impropriety 5) serene, tranquility, tranquillity
1) 2) 1) 2)

carve, engrave, chisel relief, embossed carving carving, engraving, sculpture 3) to emboss, to carve in relief 4) to carve, to engrave, to sculpt, to chisel 5) wood carving, woodcraft

adroit, skilled, ingenuity skill, cleverness ingenious, skillful, clever, deft 3) technique, nesse 4) elaborate, delicate, exquisite 5) cleverness, skill, tact
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appear, existing remarkable, striking, obvious manifesting, displaying, honouring, honoring 3) actual (as opposed to hidden or obscured) 4) microscope 5) electron microscope

hedge, fence, wall fence stone wall 3) hedge 4) crowd of people 5) to take a peep at, to catch a glimpse of
1) 2) 1) 2)

halberd, arms, festival oat contradiction, inconsistency point of spear; aim of attack 3) long-handled Chinese spear, lance, pike 4) self-contradiction, paradox, antinomy 5) oxymoron

angling, sh, catch, allure, ensnare shing, angling shing with a pole 3) to sh 4) change (e.g. for dollar) 5) shing line
1) 2) 1) 2)

deceit, cheat, delude fraud, swindle, graft swindler, imposter, crook 3) deception, deceit 4) to deceive 5) to deceive and lead astray

solemn, quietly, softly self-control, self-discipline, self-restraint gravity, solemnity, severity, seriousness 3) (political) purge 4) eliminating corruption among government ofcials, tightening discipline (among) 5) silent
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cosmetics, adorn (ones person) make-up, cosmetics face lotion 3) thick or heavy make-up 4) to adorn oneself, to dress oneself up 5) make-up base

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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interview, join, encounter, meet, party, association disaster, shipwreck, accident to meet, to encounter; to have an accident 3) encounter 4) to make (someone) to meet 5) to make (someone) to meet
1) 2) 1) 2)

foolish, folly, absurdity, stupid foolishness, silliness, stupidity, folly; I foolish, stupid 3) idle complaint, grumble; moha (ignorance 4) folly, foolish move 5) simple honesty, tactless frankness

ghost, devil ogre, demon; spirit of a deceased person Suspicion will raise bogies 3) wizard, genius, great talent 4) vampire, bloodsucker 5) ghastly, dreadful
1) 2) 1) 2)

erect, frame, mount, support, shelf, construct aerial, overhead, ction, fanciful cross, the Cross (of Christ) 3) overhead structure 4) unit of equipment, rack 5) aerial wiring

immature, young kindergarten fry (young sh) 3) infancy, childish, infantile 4) unskillful, childish 5) youth
1) 2) 1) 2)

commoner, all, bastard masses, common people general affairs 3) popular, folk, plebian, working class 4) illegitimate child 5) drama of ordinary people

phantasm, vision, dream, illusion, apparition phantom, vision, illusion, dream illusions 3) phantom, vision, illusion 4) hallucination, illusion 5) transformation
1) 2) 1) 2)

nourishing, more & more, be luxuriant, planting, turbidity nourishment Kyoto-Shiga district 3) welcome (benecial) rain 4) Shiga prefecture (Kinki area) 5) nutrient

princess princess, young lady of noble birth; girl (temple) dance 3) songstress 4) daughter of a nobleman 5) common wombat (Vombatus ursinus)
1) 2) 1) 2)

boil, cook to boil, to cook food cooked by boiling or stewing 3) to cook inside 4) to be boiled down 5) stew, hodgepodge

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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grasp, faggot, bunch, counter for bundles grasp, catch, understanding counter for bundles 3) bundle, bunch 4) rough (as in not precise), broad, sketchy 5) grasp, hold, grip
1) 2) 1) 2)

vow, swear, pledge surely, upon my word, by Jove oath, vow 3) oath, abjuration, pledge 4) written vow, pledge, covenant 5) written oath, covenant

exhibit, display, offer, present, send presentation presentation 3) to present, to offer; to show, to display 4) to present, to offer, to give; to show 5) exposure, disclosure
1) 2) 1) 2)

tread, step on, trample, practice, carry through practice, practise, put into practice to step on, to tread on; to experience 3) practical 4) Critique of Practical Reason (Kant) 5) acting up to ones principles

drink, seek, look up, respect, take, depend, rever, face-up (religious) faith, belief, creed to look up (at); to look up (to), to respect 3) face up 4) being amazed, being horried 5) exaggeration
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sparse, alienate, rough, neglect, shun depopulation dispersal, evacuation, deployment 3) (mutual) understanding, communication 4) estrangement, neglect, silence 5) estrangement, neglect

rapidly disease, ailment illness, disease 3) sprint, dash, scampering 4) squall, gale, hurricane 5) long ago, already, a long time ago
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sturdy, strength vajra (indestructible substance), diamond fortitude, rmness of character, hardihood 3) strong, hard, manly 4) vigour, vigor, virility, health, sturdiness 5) gentle but rm

smash, break, crush, familiar, popular pyroclastic ow (type of volcanic eruption) pulverization, pulverisation, smashing 3) honourable defeat, honorable defeat 4) crushing, smashing, cracking to pieces 5) inadvertent collapse (sumo)
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subjugate, attack the rebellious, collect taxes expedition, campaign, (performers) tour conquest, subjugation, overcoming 3) lengthy military expedition, the Long March 4) departure (for the front) 5) to conquer, to subjugate

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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marry into, bride wife, bride; (ones) daughter-in-law bride 3) second marriage, remarriage, imputation 4) marriage, wedding 5) to marry
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noh chanting childrens song, nursery rhyme folk song, popular song 3) song, ballad 4) popular song 5) Noh chanting, recitation

sigh, lament, moan, grieve grief, lamentation entreaty, appeal, petition 3) admiration, wonder 4) wonder, admiration 5) grief, sorrow, anguish, lamentation
1) 2) 1) 2)

self-effacing, humble oneself, condescend, be modest modesty, humility humble, humility, modesty 3) to deprecate oneself and praise the listener 4) modesty, humility 5) refer to modestly

germ, fungus, bacteria fungus; germ, bacterium, bacillus bacillus, bacterium, germ 3) sterilization, sterilisation, disinfection 4) coccus 5) antibacterial, antimicrobial
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pay respects, visit, ask, inquire, question, implore to visit, to ask, to inquire, to hear inquiry, enquiry, question, call 3) informal (unofcial) resignation 4) instructions received 5) inquiry, enquiry

harp, koto koto (13-stringed Japanese zither) qin (7-stringed Chinese zither), guqin 3) single-stringed Japanese zither 4) single-stringed Japanese zither 5) heartstrings
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repeatedly, recur frequent, incessant frequency 3) frequency, frequent occurrence 4) frequently, repeatedly, often, incessantly 5) frequently, very often

cruel, severe, atrocious, unjust rigour, rigor, severity, cruelty, harsh severe, harsh, stringent, rigorous, strict 3) cruelty, harshness 4) resemblance, resemble 5) intense heat
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shelf, ledge, rack, mount, mantle, trellis shelf, shelves, ledge, rack; trellis shelving, pigeonholing 3) bookshelves, bookshelf, bookcase 4) bookshelf 5) household Shinto shrine

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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corridor, hall, tower (picture) gallery corridor 3) corridor, gallery, hallway 4) passage 5) corridor, gallery, hallway
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superintend, manager, rule supervision, chairmanship prime minister 3) Buddhist priest who is a government minister 4) president, chairman 5) supervision, superintendence, management

cover, lay (pipes), prostrated, bend down, bow capitulation, surrender, submission undulation; ups and downs, highs and lows 3) preparation, foreshadowing 4) ambush, troops in ambush 5) concealment, hiding, ambush, incubation
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death of a priest, quietly, mellow, loneliness, mature patina, antique look; elegant simplicity silence, stillness, quietness 3) lonely, lonesome, solitary, desolate 4) (entering into) nirvana 5) to miss someone, to miss something

manners, worldliness, mundane things, vulgar, customs manners, customs; sex service, sex industry mark in dictionary indicating slang, customs 3) as slang, commonly 4) business offering food and entertainment 5) common customs, worldliness, vulgar, popular
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Go Go (board game of capturing territory) Go (board game of capturing territory) 3) Go board 4) Go piece(s), Go stone(s) 5) intersection on a Go board

wicked, injustice, wrong wicked, evil cold (illness), common cold 3) hindrance, intrusion 4) innocence, simple-mindedness 5) evil course, heresy
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vague, obscure, desert, wide desert obscure, vague, equivocal 3) Sahara desert 4) vast, vague 5) vast, wide, boundless

black ink, India ink, ink stick, Mexico ink handwriting, autograph, authorization 3) tattoo 4) India-ink painting 5) ink painting
1) 2) 1) 2)

sparkle, clear, crystal liquid crystal crystal, crystallization, crystallisation 3) crystal 4) the crystalline lens (of the eye) 5) fruit of love, children

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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den, cave, excavation cave, den, grotto cave, hollow, cavity 3) discernment, insight 4) cave 5) hollow, cavity, hole
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tranquilize, centers

ancient peace-preservation

suppression, subjugation leader, authority, mainstay 3) repose of souls 4) analgesic, painkiller, sedative, tranquilizer 5) ground-breaking ceremony

inferiority, be inferior to, be worse numerical inferiority to fall behind, to be inferior to 3) inferiority, coarseness 4) deterioration, degradation 5) mean, foul play, cowardly, base
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footgear, shoes, boots, put on (the feet performance, fulllment, fullment personal history, curriculum vitae, resume 3) worn-out shoes, worn-out socks 4) taking a class, studying a subject 5) default, nonperformance

with child, pregnancy conception, pregnancy false pregnancy, phantom pregnancy 3) abortion, pregnancy termination 4) false pregnancy, pseudocyesis 5) toxemia of pregnancy
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assault, hit, beat, thrash to strike, to hit hit, strike, blow 3) st ght 4) to beat (someone in battle) 5) to knock

lament, be anxious, sad, unhappy, melancholy, grieve anxiety, concern, fear now rejoicing, now worrying 3) to grieve, to lament, to be anxious 4) bitter experience, misery, distress, grief 5) grief, distress, sorrow
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observance, dedicate, offer, present attendance, service, ministry, church work magistrate, shogunate administrator 3) service, apprenticeship, public duty 4) belief, faith 5) dedication, offering, presentation, oblation

pavilion, restaurant, mansion, arbor, cottage, vaudeville, music hall, stage name (traditional Japanese) restaurant master, host, landlord, innkeeper, husband 3) noon 4) husband who rules the roost 5) restaurant, inn
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simple, plain, docile, crude simplicity, artlessness, naivete rustic simplicity, homeliness 3) Japanese hackberry (Celtis sinensis var. japonica) 4) Japanese bigleaf magnolia (Magnolia obovata) 5) unsophisticated, ruggedly honest, artless

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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feel sick, poisoned, elated, spellbound, drunk drunkenness, intoxication anaesthesia, anesthesia 3) to get drunk, to become intoxicated 4) to get drunk 5) hangover
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suspicious, mystery, apparition mystery, wonder monster 3) ghost, apparition, phantom, spectre, specter 4) ghost story 5) monster

harvest, reap harvest, crop, ingathering to be harvested, to be reaped, to be yielded 3) to harvest (a crop) 4) Thanksgiving Day, harvest festival 5) harvest time
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regret, pity, be sparing of, frugal, stingy without sparing (effort, funds, etc.) to be frugal, to be sparing; to value 3) regrettable defeat, defeat by a narrow margin 4) without stint, freely 5) regrettable, disappointing; precious, dear

steep, wet, be watered, prot by, receive benets, favor, charm moisture, damp, wetness; richness, warmth lubricating oil 3) prot, returns 4) to be clouded, to be dimmed, to be bleared 5) luster, lustre, favor, favour, abundance
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excellent, beautiful, good, pleasing, skilled good piece of work climax (story), best part 3) beautiful, good, excellent 4) good, excellent, ne, nice, pleasant 5) goodness; good

destitution, scarce, limited poverty, destitute, poor meagre, meager, scarce, limited, destitute 3) want, shortage, famine 4) poverty 5) austerity, voluntary privation
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lament, grieve over mourning, memorial condolence, regret, tribute, sorrow, sympathy 3) to grieve over, to mourn, to lament 4) Memorial Day (US) 5) memorial services

proceed, get, become, tend (proceeding to) new appointment to go, to proceed, to repair to, to become 3) job transfer away from ones home 4) place of (new) post 5) to improve, to get better, to convalesce
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above-stated, the said, that specic corresponding, answering to, coming under said, matter in question 3) appropriate (authorities), concern 4) person concerned, person qualied 5) profundity, extensive (knowledge)

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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marrow, pith bone marrow, true spirit true meaning, mystery, essence, quintessence 3) meningitis 4) spinal cord 5) medulla oblongata
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mulberry mulberry (tree) mulberry plantation 3) mulberry eld 4) mulberry eld, mulberry plantation 5) land east of China, Japan

ear, ear (grain), head, crest (wave) ear (of plant), head (of plant); point, tip ear (head) of rice 3) spike 4) harvested grain, harvested rice ears 5) harvested grain, harvested rice ears
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basin, lantern festival, tray O-Bon, Bon Festival, Lantern Festival bonsai 3) basin (e.g. between mountains) 4) Bon Festival dance, Lantern Festival dance 5) Bon Festival of the lunar calendar

dike, bank, embankment bank, embankment, dike bank, weir 3) breakwater, mole 4) dike, weir 5) breakwater
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robust, manhood, prosperity magnicent, grand, majestic, splendid heroic, tragic, grim, pathetic, touching 3) rousing 4) prime of life 5) grand, heroic, sublime

3rd person, bystander, side, besides, while, nearby side, edge, beside, besides, nearby hearing, listening, attendance, auditing 3) looking on, remaining a spectator 4) interception, monitoring, tapping 5) near, close, beside, vicinity, proximity
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hungry, starve hunger, starvation hunger, starvation 3) to starve, to thirst, to be hungry 4) famine, drought, shortage, crop failure 5) famine, drought, shortage, crop failure

involvement, trouble, tie up, continually, accumulate accumulation total 3) successive promotion, gradual promotion 4) trouble, evil inuence, implication 5) successive or progressive increases
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epidemic immunity, immunization, immunisation quarantine, medical inspection 3) communicable disease control (e.g. by quarantine, disinfection, etc.), prevention of epidemics 4) quarantine station 5) infectious disease, plague, epidemic

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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conveyor, carry, transport transport, carriage take in, bring in 3) transportation, conveyance, delivery 4) carry out 5) constraint propagation
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stupid, foolish dementia idle complaint, grumble; moha (ignorance 3) masher, molester, pervert 4) tone-deafness, amusia 5) dementia

enclosure, quarters, fortication, red-light district auxiliary organization contours, outlines, features, border 3) red light district 4) district, quarter; enclosure 5) outer wall (e.g. castle)
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healing, cure, quench (thirst), wreak adhesion healing, cure, recovery 3) to recover, to be healed 4) to heal, to cure 5) to heal, to cure

villain, evil, bad luck, disaster bad harvest, poor crop atrocious, endish, brutal, villainous 3) ringleader, main culprit; main cause, source 4) dangerous weapon 5) brutal, atrocious, ferocious
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urine urine diabetes mellitus, sugar diabetes 3) diuresis 4) urinary organs 5) uric acid

banquet, feast, party party, banquet, feast party, banquet 3) banquet, dinner party 4) feast 5) (celebration) banquet
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spit, vomit, belch, confess, tell (lies) nausea, sickness in the stomach express ones mind, speak out 3) to vomit, to spit out 4) deep distress 5) vomiting

captive, barbarian, low epithet for the enemy prisoner (of war) captive, prisoner; victim (of love, etc.) 3) sick and wounded prisoners 4) prisoner exchange 5) prison camp, concentration camp
1) 2) 1) 2)

V.I.P., guest reception hall state guest 3) guest, visitor, visitors arrival 4) guest of honour, guest of honor 5) noble visitor

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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bell, gong, chimes bell (often a large hanging bell), chime alarm bell, re bell 3) belfry, bell tower 4) temple bell (for striking) 5) large hanging bell
1) 2) 1) 2)

pottery, porcelain ceramic art, ceramics pottery, ceramics 3) ceramics and porcelain 4) intoxication 5) clay

descendants, elder brother, insect insect, bug kombu (any kelp of genus Laminaria) (konbu) 3) entomology, study of insects 4) insect collecting 5) kelp tea
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remorse, regret, be sorry regrettable, unsatisfactory resentment, grudge, malice, bitterness 3) to resent, to curse, to feel bitter, to blame 4) I regret that, I feel terrible but 5) really regrettable

decide, revise, correct correction, revision, amendment revision 3) revised edition 4) to correct 5) second time
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coarse, rough, rugged crude, rough, plain, humble crude steel 3) coarse or rough 4) still in the process of being formed 5) osteoporosis

equestrian, riding on horses, counter for equestrians horseman, rider personal combat, one-to-one ght 3) knight 4) horse-riding 5) mount, on horseback
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umbrella umbrella, parasol afliated with, under jurisdiction of 3) nuclear umbrella 4) spare umbrella kept (at work) in the event of a sudden shower 5) sunshade, parasol

sequential, fellow circulation, rotation, cycle vicious circle 3) circulatory organ 4) indecision, vacillation 5) dilly-dallying and temporizing (temporising)
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rather, preferably polite, courteous, careful, care, kind, close rather, better, instead 3) rather, better, instead 4) public peace 5) peace and order, law and order

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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neglect, laziness negligence, procrastination, carelessness to be negligent in doing something, to shirk 3) negligence, carelessness 4) lazy person, lazy fellow, slothful person 5) laziness, idleness
1) 2) 1) 2)

conceal, secrete, spy, sneak, endure, bear, put up with endurance, perseverance, patience ninja (persons in feudal Japan who used ninjutsu for the purposes of espionage, assassination, sabotage, etc.) 3) to conceal oneself, to hide; to endure 4) cruelty, atrocity, brutality 5) to creep in, to steal in likeness, like, such as, as if, better, best, equal lack, privation, deciency reality 3) suddenly, all of a sudden 4) Tathagata 5) vivid, lifelike, graphic
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dormitory, hostel, villa, tea pavillion hostel, dormitory boarder, boarding student 3) dorm mother 4) ofce, ofcial; chief, head 5) boarding-expenses
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pearl, gem, jewel Pearl Harbor pearl 3) calculation with abacus 4) rosary, string of beads 5) gem, jewel
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lead lead (the metal) pencil 3) graphite 4) zinc (Zn) 5) color pencil, colour pencil

seedling, sapling, shoot seedling seedling, sapling, young tree 3) seeds and seedlings, eggs and hatchlings 4) rice seedlings 5) Miao (people), Hmong
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stiff, be absorbed in, congeal, freeze elaborate, exquisite, tasteful, rened condensation 3) coagulation, freezing, solidication 4) to grow stiff; to be absorbed in 5) stiffness (in shoulders), swelling, hardening

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animal, beast beast, brute veterinarian 3) monster 4) birds and wild animals, wildlife 5) beast, monster, wild animal

condolence, regret, tribute, sorrow, sympathy sorrow, grief, sadness 3) poor, pitiable, pathetic 4) pathos, sorrow, grief 5) pity, sorrow, grief, misery, compassion

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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artisan, workman, carpenter master, teacher master, masterhand, maestro 3) workman, artisan, mechanic, carpenter; craft 4) design 5) falconer, hawker
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prance, buck, splash, sputter, hop, snap, leap up, spring, jerk to jump, to leap, to spring, to bound, to hop running long jump 3) running high jump 4) jump, leap, skip, bound 5) pole vault (jump)

clear, clarify, settle, strain, look grave, lucidity, be clear clear, serene to clear (e.g. weather) 3) to clear, to make clear, to be unrufed 4) to be serene 5) to sharpen, to grind, to whet, to hone
1) 2) 1) 2)

serpent, hard drinker, snake snake; serpent, large snake (umbrella with) bulls-eye (pattern) 3) faucet, tap 4) meandering, crawling 5) long line, long queue

Buddhist priest, monk monk, priest youngster; young Buddhist priest 3) priest, monk 4) nun, priestess 5) high priest, virtuous priest
1) 2) 1) 2)

sew, stitch, embroider to sew, to stitch sewing 3) stuffed toy, plush toy(s) 4) embroidery, sewing 5) sewing

Tang, China abrupt, sudden Tang-Dynasty (China 618-907) 3) absurdity, nonsense, preposterous 4) envoy (to Tang China) 5) a Chinese, foreigner
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stare, watch, look at, see, scrutinize to view, to gaze at scene, view, prospect, outlook 3) prospect, view, outlook 4) right to a view 5) to gaze at the moon

mediocre mediocrity out in 1-2-3 order (baseball) 3) ordinary person, average person, mediocre 4) common, commonplace, ordinary, mediocre 5) prodigy, rare, unique, extraordinary
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give, do something for draperies, dry-goods, piece goods bitter enemies (placed by fate) in the same boat 3) to give, to do (something) for 4) to give, to let one have, to do for one 5) to receive from another

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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10**32, gutter, ditch, sewer, drain ditch, drain, gutter, gap gutter, ditch 3) ocean trench, deep 4) 1032, hundred nonillion (American) 5) record groove
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relax, repose, recess, rest rest, break, recess, intermission rest 3) rest 4) to rest, to relax, to repose 5) rest time, intermission

reap, cut, clip, trim, prune to cut (hair), to mow (grass), to harvest close clipping 3) to cut, to dress, to prune, to trim, to clip 4) mowing, mower 5) rice reaping
1) 2) 1) 2)

respect, reverent respectful, reverent reverentially, respectfully 3) Happy New Year! 4) respect, reverence, veneration 5) modesty, humility

mix, be in disorder, confused trial and error optical illusion, hallucination 3) anachronism 4) mistake 5) complication, intricacy
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drowsy, sleep, die sleep (usu. in negative sentences) (not) a wink of sleep 3) lethargy, stupor; coma, dead sleep 4) sound sleep 5) sleepy, drowsy, somnolent

mausoleum, imperial tomb imperial mausoleum, Emperors tomb hill 3) imperial tomb or mausoleum 4) imperial tomb 5) hill country, hilly area
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chief, count, earl, uncle, Brazil uncle (older than ones parent) count, earl 3) master painter, artist 4) count, earl, eldest brother, uncle 5) aunt (older than ones parent)

soul, spirit soul, spirit repose of souls 3) loyalty, the loyal dead 4) commercial spirit 5) soul, spirit
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fog, mist fog, mist heavy fog, dense fog, thick fog 3) vanishing like mist 4) thick fog 5) spray, atomizer, atomiser

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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queen, princess princess, consort queen 3) crown princess 4) princess, Her Royal Highness 5) empress, queen
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abuse, evil, vice, breakage evil practice, evil practise, barrier exhaustion, impoverishment, ruin 3) vice, abuse, evil 4) bad habit, harm 5) evil inuence, ill effect

starve, hungry, thirst hunger, starvation (death from) starvation, starving to death 3) to starve, to thirst, to be hungry 4) brat 5) brat, kids; preta (hungry ghost), ghoul
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liner, ship ship large ship 3) imported, foreign-made 4) ocean liner 5) imported article, imported goods

palm of hand, manipulate, rule, administer, conduct (train) conductor grasping, seizing, holding 3) the palm (of ones hand) 4) pressing ones hands together in prayer 5) to rule, to govern, to administer
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hard up, suffer, perplexed, destitute, cornered dilemma, predicament distress, wretched condition 3) narrow, tight, stiff, rigid, uneasy, formal 4) poverty, distress 5) poverty

stink, suspicious looking, glow, odor, be bright, savor, fragrance, stinking, be fragrant, ill-smelling 1) stink, bad odor, bad odour, stench bad breath, halitosis 3) offensive smell, off-avor, off-avour 4) deodorant 5) odorless, odourless, unscented
2)

beautiful, graceful, resplendent, lovely splendor, splendour, magnicence Goryeo (dynasty of Korea; 918-1392 CE) 3) uent, owing, elegant 4) splendour, splendor, pompousness 5) owery words, rhetorical ourishes
1) 2)

sword, edge, blade edge (of a knife or sword) edged tool, cutlery 3) length of a (sword) blade 4) knife, pointed carver 5) double-edged; double-edged blade
1) 2) 1) 2)

ecstasy, joy, rapture great delight, rapture self-satisfaction, rejoicing 3) to be delighted, to be glad, to be pleased 4) with pleasure ... 5) joy, delight, rapture, pleasure

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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calendar, almanac calendar, almanac Christian Era, CE, anno domini, AD 3) 60th birthday 4) Japans old (lunisolar) calendar 5) calendar year, civil year, time
1) 2) 1) 2)

arrest, bind, tie, restrain, truss to tie, to bind (death by) hanging 3) curse, spell 4) restraint, shackles, restriction, connement 5) binding hand and foot

blind, blind man, ignoramus guide dog for the blind, seeing eye dog blindness, blind person; illiteracy 3) blind person 4) school for the blind 5) blindness
1) 2) 1) 2)

best regards, good convenience, accommodation, advantage right time, appropriate time 3) suitable, appropriate; appropriately 4) pleased to meet you 5) good, OK, all right, ne, very well, will do

embarrass, humiliate, shame disgrace, humiliation vindication of honour, vindication of honor 3) insult, contempt, slight 4) disgrace 5) shame, embarrassment
1) 2) 1) 2)

cream, elite, choice, chic, style, purity, essence, pith pure, true, genuine, unmixed chic, stylish, rened, sophisticated, smart 3) pure, genuine, natural-born 4) extract, excerpt, selection 5) national characteristics

monkey monkey (esp. the Japanese macaque ape man 3) loggerheads (lit: dog and monkey) 4) anthropoid, troglodyte 5) to gag someone
1) 2) 1) 2)

control, wedge jurisdiction, control direct control 3) jurisdiction 4) controlling ofce 5) crown colony

plug up, obstruct nitrogen (N) suffocation, choking 3) typhoid fever, typhus 4) choking gas 5) death by suffocation, death by choking
1) 2) 1) 2)

bowstring, chord, hypotenuse bowstring; string (of shamisen, guitar music for strings 3) orchestra 4) orchestral music 5) stringed instruments

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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deluge, ood, vast ood Hungary 3) diluvial epoch (geol.) 4) diluvial epoch 5) diluvial formation (geol.)
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cook, boil rice cooker cooking, culinary arts 3) cooking for oneself 4) rice gruel containing vegetables, sh, etc. 5) (something) cooked with rice

sated, tired of, bored, satiate to get tired of, to lose interest in gluttony, satiation, engorgement 3) saturation 4) weariness, tiresomeness 5) to glut, to satiate, to weary, to tire
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vicarious, surrogate, act in addition to intake, absorption, adoption; assimilation (divine) Providence 3) to have (lunch, etc.), to take (vitamins 4) subsumption, connotation 5) concurrent post

peach tree peach, prunus persica (tree) pink (colour, color) 3) (edible) cherry 4) Azuchi-Momoyama period (approx. 1558-1600 CE) 5) yellow peach
1) 2) 1) 2)

superuous, uselessness jest, joke garrulity, loquacity, talkativeness 3) uselessness 4) supernumerary, superuous, useless workers 5) supernumerary ofcial

red, bloody, vermilion, cinnabar, scarlet scarlet, red; blood red seal 3) red, crimson, scarlet 4) cinnabar, vermillion, red 5) red; Red (i.e. communist)
1) 2) 1) 2)

hunt, raid, gather hunting hunting 3) hunter 4) hunting 5) shell gathering (at low tide), clamming

sire, good belt, gentleman gentleman gentlemens agreement 3) gentlemanly 4) (whos who) directory 5) noble, men of rank, notables
1) 2) 1) 2)

whirlpool, eddy, vortex swirl vortex, maelstrom, whirlpool, convulsions 3) whirlpool, eddy, coil 4) to whirl, to eddy, to swirl, to curl (smoke) 5) whirlpool, eddy, coil

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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tombstone, monument stone monument bearing an inscription monument 3) inscription, epitaph, epigraph 4) stone monument 5) gravestone, tombstone
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door, hinge, pivot centre, center, pivot, mainstay, nucleus Cardinal (Catholic) 3) axle, pivot 4) central nerves 5) pivot hinge (using extensions on the top & bottom of a door that t into cavities in the frame); sliding wooden bolt (for holding a door or window shut) forge, discipline, train to forge, to drill, to temper, to train tempering, forging, hardening, disciplining 3) malleability 4) malleable iron 5) to temper thoroughly, to train well
1) 2)

drum, beat, rouse, muster drum hand drum 3) inspiration, encouragement 4) metaphorical seal of approval 5) beat, palpitation, pulsation, throbbing
1) 2)

furthermore, still, yet stay of execution, suspended sentence postponement, deferment, extension (of time) 3) suspension of indictment 4) furthermore, still, yet, more, still more 5) must not be concluded like this
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nude, uncovered, partially clothed, naked naked, nude, bare nude 3) naked eye 4) nude, utterly stark naked 5) nude woman, naked woman

rotation, go around whirlwind; commotion, sensation, hullabaloo melody, tune 3) revolution, rotation, turning, swiveling 4) triumphal return 5) lathe
1) 2) 1) 2)

clod, lump, chink, clot, mass lump, mass, bundle, clump, clod, cluster mass, lump 3) nugget, gold bullion, gold bar 4) mountain mass 5) lump, mass, bundle, clump, clod, cluster

membrane membrane, lm retina 3) mucous membrane 4) cornea 5) thin lm


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cash, bad habit, humble prex, gift, Shinto offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper paper money, notes, bills money, currency, coinage 3) (coin) mint 4) currency value 5) staff with plaited paper streamers used in Shinto

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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vat, tub, tank water tank, cistern, sh tank bathtub 3) septic tank, tank for purifying water 4) ship, boat, watercraft, vessel, steamship 5) body (of a biwa)
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fan, folding fan folding fan electric fan 3) folding fan 4) incitement, sedition, agitation, abetting 5) fan shape

strike, punish, fell, attack lumbering, felling, deforestation periodic thinning (e.g. forest) 3) reckless deforestation 4) to strike, to attack, to punish 5) to cut down (e.g. trees)
1) 2) 1) 2)

mercy charity, philanthropy compassion, benevolence, charity, mercy 3) affection, kindness, love 4) merciful eye 5) affection, love

twist, ask, investigate, verify complication, confusion, disorder blame 3) rally, muster 4) to twist (something) 5) searching examination
1) 2) 1) 2)

pickling, soak, moisten, steep to soak, to seep, to dip in; to pickle tsukemono (Japanese pickled vegetables) 3) pickling in salt 4) rice with ocha poured on (Japanese dish) 5) to be pickled, to be well seasoned

two-mat area, 36 sq ft unit of land measurement, 3.95 square yards small company headquarters located in Tokyo simply for name value 3) total oor space 4) oor space, area (in tsubo) 5) per tsubo (area)
1) 2) 1) 2)

tomb, mound ancient (mound) tomb keyhole-shaped tumulus (form of ancient Imperial grave) 3) grave, tomb 4) tumulus, grave mound 5) round burial mound

disconcerted, be confused, lose ones head to become confused (disconcerted panic, scare, consternation 3) busy, hurried, confused, urried 4) busy, hurried, confused, urried 5) to get into a panic, to be ustered
1) 2) 1) 2)

dark blue, navy navy blue, deep blue dyer 3) dark blue 4) bluish purple 5) deep blue, azure

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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gauze, thin silk, Rome ghting scene, scene of carnage (bloodshed) shell, carapace 3) comprising, including, covering, encompassing 4) mandala 5) enumeration
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recreation, pleasure pleasure, amusement enjoyable, fun 3) recreation room 4) amusement program, amusement programme 5) amusement quarter

stipend, salary annual salary salary reduction, salary cut 3) salary 4) salary, pay 5) extra allowance
1) 2) 1) 2)

gorge, ravine channel (e.g. between two land masses) glen, ravine, gorge, canyon 3) isthmus 4) fjord 5) gorge, ravine, gap

summit, peak peak, ridge highest peak, most prominent 3) mountain range 4) high mountain, lofty peak 5) Cape of Good Hope
1) 2) 1) 2)

rin, 1/10sen, 1/10bu one-hundredth (not even) a bit of, (not even) a hint of 3) ten to one, nine cases out of ten 4) (not) in the least, (not) a bit 5) farthing, trie

condolences, mourning, funeral condolence call message of condolence, memorial address 3) condolence, sympathy, mourning 4) to mourn for, to hold a memorial service for 5) congratulations and condolences
1) 2) 1) 2)

brew, cause brew, foment, breed brewing, distillation 3) type of sake brewed by low temperature fermentation from white rice milled to 60% 4) to engender, to bring about 5) to brew, to cause, to give rise to

broth, sap, gravy, pus, soup, juice juice, sap, soup, broth fruit juice 3) bile, gall 4) broth 5) water that has been used to wash rice
1) 2) 1) 2)

the latter, duplicate, strange, witty, shhook radical (no. 5) second (party to an agreement) young female rice planter, young girl 3) 2nd in rank 4) A and B, excellent and good, similarity 5) strange taste, spicy taste

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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everywhere, times, widely, generally universal, ubiquitous, omnipresent universal, omnipresent, ubiquitous 3) travels, pilgrimage, itinerancy 4) number of times 5) widely, generally, universally, far and wide
1) 2) 1) 2)

nun nun; bitch nun, priestess 3) bhikkhuni (fully ordained Buddhist nun) 4) native of Amagasaki; bitch 5) bitch

be scented, smoke (tobacco), send forth fragrance, fragrant aroma, fragrance, scent, smell aroma, fragrance, scent, smell 3) to smell sweet, to be fragrant 4) to burn (usu. incense) 5) fumigation, smoking (out)
1) 2) 1) 2)

equilibrium, measuring rod, scale imbalance, disparity, out of balance equilibrium, balance 3) an expanded or expanding equilibrium 4) alliance (of the Six Kingdoms against the Qin dynasty, and of individual Kingdoms with the Qin dynasty), (tactic of) making & breaking alliances (to benet oneself as the occasion demands), resorting to alliances as a diplomatic expedient shooting, game, bag, game-hunting 5) even scale, equilibrium, balance hunting, game hunting 3) poaching 4) hunting gun, sportsgun 5) hound, hunting dog, gun dog
1) 2)

goodwill, article, section, friendship, collusion (international) loan articles of incorporation, company statute 3) agreement, stipulation, article, clause 4) international yen loan 5) provisional articles
1) 2)

spy scout out, reconnaissance detective, sleuth, investigator 3) secret investigation, private enquiry 4) private detective 5) detective story
1) 2) 1) 2)

review, inspection, revision censorship, inspection, examination inspection, reading; browsing (the WWW 3) revision, proofreading 4) inspection (of troops) 5) to inspect, to examine, to check; to elapse

daring, sad, tragic, pitiful, frail, feeble resolute, determined, bold ghting bravely 3) decisive action 4) brave, heroic, gallant 5) boldly
1) 2) 1) 2)

hoarse, scold threat, blackmail cry in a thundering voice, one roar 3) acclamation 4) exclamation used to scold practitioners (in Zen); scolding or threatening with a shout 5) intimidation, threat, bluster

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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fermentation enzyme fermentation, zymosis 3) yeast, leaven 4) enzymology 5) yeast fungus


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womb, uterus embryo, fetus, foetus interior of womb 3) quickening, foetal (fetal) movement 4) abortion, aborticide, miscarriage 5) prenatal care, antenatal training

pork, pig pig pork 3) pig-keeping, pig farming 4) pork cutlet 5) steamed yeast bun with minced pork lling
1) 2) 1) 2)

aroused, resent, be indignant, anger resentment, indignation indignation, resentment 3) fury 4) to be angry, to resent, to be enraged 5) dying in a t of anger or indignation

title page, front page, front door door, gate, opening; title page door(s) of a gate 3) opening a door 4) re door 5) watertight door
1) 2) 1) 2)

intercept, interrupt, obstruct railway crossing gate isolation, cut off, blockade, quarantine 3) to interrupt, to intercept, to obstruct 4) screen, shielding, reverse clipping 5) blockage, quarantine

pardon, forgiveness amnesty, pardon pardon, forgiveness, mercy; leniency 3) amnesty 4) remission 5) pardon, forgiveness, exemption, permission
1) 2) 1) 2)

sulphur sulfur (S), sulphur desulfurization, desulphurisation 3) sulfuric acid, sulphuric acid 4) sulfuration, sulphuration 5) sulphurous acid gas, sulfurous acid gas

bubbles, foam, suds, froth bubble, foam, froth, head on beer styrofoam, styrene foam, polystyrene 3) foaming 4) (air) bubble (esp. in a liquid) 5) foam, bubble; nothing
1) 2) 1)

stealth, steal, secret, private, hushed theft, stealing, larceny in secret, secretly 3) plagiarism, piracy 4) secret, private, surreptitious 5) bicycle theft
2)

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sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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rue, be sad, sigh, lament strong feelings, deep emotion indignation, resentment 3) deep emotion 4) indignant lamentation over the evils of the times 5) indignant lamentation over the evils of the times
1) 2) 1) 2)

or again, furthermore, on the other hand again, and, also, still (doing something) or, otherwise 3) again 4) in addition, besides this, twice 5) unique, matchless, unparalleled

resentment, malice, hatred, regret, bear a grudge resentment, grudge, malice, bitterness regretful 3) grudge, ill will, enmity 4) to resent, to curse, to feel bitter, to blame 5) with no hard feelings
1) 2) 1) 2)

spinning spinning to spin, to make yarn 3) spinning song 4) spinning and weaving 5) mixed yarn, mixed spinning

aid, help, assist support, maintenance aid, help, assistance, support 3) land east of China, Japan 4) to help, to save, to rescue 5) to help, to save, to rescue
1) 2) 1) 2)

obese, fat fat, grease, blubber fatty acid 3) fatty layer, layer of fat 4) vegetable fat 5) butterfat

mourning, abhor, detestable, death anniversary death anniversary rst anniversary of death 3) evasion, shirking, avoidance; challenge 4) taboo 5) abominable
1) 2) 1) 2)

frolic, play, sport play, drama game, play, sports 3) caricature, cartoon, comics 4) play, sport, fun, caprice, joke, jest 5) to play pranks, to be spoiled, to be spoilt

run, bustle wild, uninhibited, extravagant, rampant rushing around, running wild 3) running about, efforts, activity 4) busying oneself about (something) 5) torrent, violently rushing stream
1) 2) 1) 2)

wrong, nigori, impurity, voiced, uncleanness pollution, contamination, corruption, graft to become muddy, to get impure 3) to make muddy, to prevaricate 4) muddy stream 5) Japanese voiced consonant mark; muddiness

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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swift, fast quick, fast, rapid, swift, prompt furiously 3) with lightning speed 4) thunderclap 5) impetuous dash forward
1) 2) 1) 2)

Big Dipper, 10 sho (vol), sake dipper, dots and cross radical (no. 68) to (measure of volume, approx. 18 litres) measuring container, measure 3) kanji radical 68 at right 4) 1 to (18l) 5) small salary

bowl, rice tub, pot, crown bowl, pot, basin; owerpot; crown, brainpan potted plant 3) headband 4) small bowl 5) owerpot
1) 2) 1) 2)

resemblance portrait to share good luck 3) unworthiness of ones father (or master) 4) portrait 5) unworthiness of ones father (or master)

husk, nut shell shell, husk, hull, pod, chaff change in earths crust 3) cigarette end (butt), tobacco ashes 4) earths crust 5) shell
1) 2) 1) 2)

decay, rot, remain in seclusion superannuated, decrepitude everlasting, immortal, eternal, immortality 3) to rot 4) dry rot 5) to rust away, to rot away, to decay

clan, enclosure efdom feudal lord, daimyo 3) feudal retainer or warrior 4) each clan 5) former clan
1) 2) 1) 2)

receive, undergo, answer (phone), take, get, catch reception, acceptance, enjoyment, being given ones age at death 3) to receive, to accept, to get, to inherit 4) enjoyment, pleasure 5) epicureanism, hedonism

chicken (domestic) chicken; chicken (meat) chicken meat 3) poultry raising 4) hens egg 5) chicken bones, chicken carcass
1) 2) 1) 2)

mediator, go-between media, medium catalyst 3) refrigerant, coolant 4) intermediary 5) matchmaking

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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entrust, request, send a message commission, charge (person with) entrusting (with) 3) (having great) expectation 4) to entrust; to send (a message, etc.) 5) entrusting (with)
1) 2) 1)

Zen, silent meditation dhyana (profound meditation); Zen (Buddhism) 2) Zen temple 3) zazen (seated Zen meditation 4) Zen (Buddhism) 5) type of dyeing method or pattern

transfer, alternation
1) 2)

trunk, torso, hull (ship), hub of wheel trunk, torso, body, abdomen, waist body, trunk, torso 3) lifting a person high (in celebration) 4) twin-fuselage plane 5) lapse of memory
1) 2)

change, shake-up rosemary

obeisance, follow, accompany, attend on jury, juryman, juror grand jury 3) dining with ones superior(s) 4) juror, juryman 5) sitting with ones superior, in attendance
1) 2) 1) 2)

put in, graft, wear (sword), insert (book) illustration insertion, incorporation, inxing 3) episode 4) to insert, to put in, to graft 5) to insert (usu. as part of sexual intercourse)

musical score, music, note, staff, table, genealogy score (music) genealogy, pedigree 3) newly-issued (released) record 4) (sheet) music, (musical) note 5) (written) music
1) 2) 1) 2)

divide dissection, autopsy; analysis anatomy 3) vivisection 4) autopsy, necropsy 5) autopsy

graceful, gentle, pure lady womanly virtues 3) graceful 4) adoring, looking up to 5) chastity, virtue, delity, feminine modesty
1) 2) 1) 2)

permanence, distant, long time, leisure quiet, calm, leisurely, easy eternity, perpetuity, permanence 3) living a life of leisure with dignity 4) leisurely, slow, deliberate, easygoing 5) living a life of leisure with dignity

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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in the event, daybreak, dawn dawn, daybreak, in the event of morning star, Venus, rarity 3) dawning sky 4) dawn 5) this morning (at dawn)
1) 2) 1) 2)

sail sail sailing ship, sailing boat, sailing vessel 3) sailing 4) smooth sailing 5) to raise a sail

guy, slave, manservant, fellow fellow, guy, chap; thing, object slave, servant 3) servant (esp. a samurais attendant) 4) derogatory sufx (referring to others) 5) slave; retainer, servant; captive; varlet; I
1) 2) 1) 2)

greatness, excellence masterpiece, best work; blunder, boner excel, foremost 3) hero, great man 4) to surpass, to outstrip, to excel 5) man of extraordinary talent, wonder man

transition, move, change change, transition, vicissitudes relocation of the capital 3) installation of a deity in a new shrine 4) demotion, degradation 5) to change, to swap, to substitute
1) 2) 1) 2)

lock, fetters, shackles lock, padlock; tablet, lozenge, pill handcuffs, manacles 3) pill, lozenge, tablet 4) locking 5) to fasten a lock

waiter, samurai, wait upon, serve warrior (esp. of military retainers of daimyos in the Edo period), samurai; man in attendance (on a person of high standing), retainer 2) chamberlain 3) court physician 4) lady attendant, maid 5) to wait upon, to serve
1) 1) 2)

bungling, clumsy, unskillful hasty, rough and ready unskillful, childish 3) poor defense, poor defence 4) poor, weak; I, me 5) poor-quality, shoddy, crude; unskillful

fervent, kind, cordial, serious, deliberate critical illness, on the verge of death serious (illness) 3) volunteer, self-sacricing person 4) thick, deep, heavy; kind, cordial, hospitable 5) carefully, thoroughly, fully, deliberately
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mountain peak, mountain pass, climax, crest, (kokuji) ridge, (mountain) pass, difcult part Usui Pass 3) to cross over a pass 4) road over a mountain pass 5) to pass over the peak, to cross a pass

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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uncle, youth uncle (younger than ones parent) aunt (younger than ones parent) 3) brothers, ones fathers brothers 4) granduncle 5) grandaunt, great-aunt
1) 2) 1) 2)

thirst, dry up, parch water shortage thirst 3) drying up, becoming exhausted, running dry 4) thirst 5) craving, longing, thirsting

endure, support, withstand, resist procient, skillful; satisfaction; fortitude ones store of patience 3) to bear, to stand, to endure, to put up with 4) to be unable to endure 5) intolerable, unbearable, unendurable
1) 2) 1) 2)

female, feminine female (animal) male and female (animal) 3) pistil 4) female connector 5) female ower

vinegar, sour, acid, tart vinegar acetic acid 3) vinegared or pickled dish 4) juice pressed from a bitter orange 5) ponzu mixed with grated daikon
1) 2) 1) 2)

describe, confer, relate, narrate conferring of decorations lyricism 3) descriptive poetry, epic poem 4) autobiography 5) to relate, to narrate, to describe

sending, relay, in turn communications (e.g. post, tele.) successive diminution 3) forwarding 4) gradual increase 5) relay
1) 2) 1)

versify, singing, recital type of sake brewed by low temperature fermentation from white rice milled to 60% 2) testing, scrutiny, careful investigation 3) troubadour, minstrel 4) to chant, to sing, to recite 5) favourite poem or song, favorite poem or song

adore, respect, revere, worship worship, adoration, admiration, cult loftiness, sublimity, nobility 3) to revere, to respect, to worship 4) to look up to, to respect 5) to respect, to revere
1) 2) 1) 2)

great, exceedingly, tremendously, very very, greatly, exceedingly very great, enormous, serious 3) intenseness, violence, severity, vehemence 4) extreme, excessive, terrible, intense, severe 5) lively song, lively dance

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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cape, spit, promontory, headland cape (on coast) small peninsula 3) indentations, capes 4) anat promontory, promontory
1) 2) 1) 2)

lacquer, varnish, seven lacquer, varnish lacquer ware 3) lacquering, lacquer ware 4) seven (used in legal documents) 5) jet black

happy, rejoice, pleasure discomfort, unpleasantness, disagreeableness pleasant, happy 3) enjoyable, fun 4) enjoyment, pleasure, diversion, amusement 5) happy, cheerful, pleasant
1) 2) 1) 2)

vice, trait, fault, kink, mannerism, habit a habit (often a bad habit, i.e. vice) way of saying, favorite phrase 3) fastidiousness, love of cleanliness 4) disposition, inclination, characteristic 5) to become a habit

camp, barracks, police station stationing (troops), occupancy gathering, place where people gather 3) ton 4) to gather in large numbers (of people) 5) to gather in large numbers (of people)
1) 2) 1) 2)

reef, sunken rock reef, sunken rock reef 3) running aground, being stranded 4) atoll, circular coral reef 5) coral reef

mimic, aim (a gun) at, nominate, imitate imitation, sham, mock; simulation refreshment booth 3) imitation, sham, -like 4) to pattern after, to liken to, to imitate 5) zephyr lily
1) 2) 1) 2)

matrimony, marry marriage, matrimony relative by marriage, afnity 3) in-law, relative by marriage 4) marriage registration 5) marriage laws

lips lips the labium, labia 3) lips, labia 4) red lips 5) red lips
1) 2) 1) 2)

(kokuji), fence, wall wall, fence mud wall, earthen wall, plaster wall 3) concrete-block wall 4) brick wall 5) stone wall

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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deep, tranquil, faint, seclude, calm, profound, dark, conne to a room, secluded ghost, specter, spectre, apparition, phantom to conne to a room 3) faint, dim, weak, indistinct, hazy, poor 4) deep, dark, quiet 5) faint, eeting
1) 2) 1) 2)

leisure leisure, quiet, inactivity quiet (e.g. neighbourhood, neighborhood) 3) cuckoo 4) spare time, free time, leisure; time off 5) spare time, free time, leisure

composing, recitation, poem, song to compose (e.g. a Japanese poem), to write author unknown, anonymous 3) to sing; to sing (ones praises in a poem 4) to compose (e.g. poem), to recite, to sing 5) recitation (of Japanese or Chinese poem)
1) 2) 1) 2)

friend, cadet legal profession, lawyer legal circles 3) sergeant 4) son of a distinguished family, son of a noble 5) master sergeant (JSDF)

scorn, despise, make light of, contempt insult, contempt, slight (something) despised 3) contempt, scorn 4) to despise, to disdain, to make light of 5) contempt, scorn
1) 2) 1) 2)

base, vile, vulgar, lowly mean, foul play, cowardly, base menial, meanness, servility, abject 3) male domination of women, male chauvinism 4) self-abasement, humility, self-depreciation 5) greedy, vulgar, shabby, humble, base, mean

paint, erase, rub (a) touch of, tinge of erasure, delete (e.g. DEL character) 3) powdered green tea for ceremonies 4) erasure, denial, obliteration 5) Denmark
1) 2) 1) 2)

casting, mint to cast, to mint, to coin mold, mould, template 3) cast metal, casting 4) casting, founding, minting 5) reminting, recasting

slave, servant, prisoner, criminal, follower slave, servant clerical script (ancient 3) slaves of the barbarians 4) slavery 5) subordination
1) 2) 1) 2)

jailer, old man, rank, military ofcer captain (Army, U.S. Marine Corps, USAF) rst lieutenant, lieutenant junior grade 3) captain (JSDF) 4) second lieutenant, sublieutenant, ensign 5) jailer, gaoler, old man, rank

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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dairy products, whey, broth, fruit juice dairy (farm) cheese 3) casein 4) butter 5) dairy product
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calamity, misfortune, evil, curse calamity root of evil 3) war damages, ravages of war 4) calamity, catastrophe 5) wickedness, evil, calamity, disaster

commander, leading troops, governor (eld) marshal, (eet) admiral commander, leader 3) supreme command, high command 4) director of the Dazaifu 5) Supreme Military Council (1898-1945)
1) 2) 1) 2)

stalk, stem stalk taro stem 3) penis 4) stem of ower 5) (plant) bulb, onion

hide, shelter, shield anonymity, pseudonym concealment 3) shelter, shield, hide 4) hiding, concealment 5) to hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself
1) 2) 1) 2)

departed, die death sudden death 3) to die, to pass away 4) exceptionally ugly man 5) premature death

lightning-bug, rey rey, lightning bug uorescent lamp, uorescent light 3) uorescence 4) uorescent paint 5) uorescent substance, phosphor
1) 2) 1) 2)

collar, neck, lapel neck, collar, lapel, neckband front of neck, collar 3) ones heart 4) neckline (of dress, etc.) 5) open-collared shirt

diarrhea diarrhoea, diarrhea dysentery 3) childrens dysentery 4) shigella (dysentery bacillus) 5) infected with diarrhea (diarrhoea)
1) 2) 1) 2)

widow, minority, few oligopoly silent (person), shy, tacitern, reticent 3) widow 4) widow 5) few, a little, scarce, insufcient, seldom

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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pit, hole within a pit or (mine) shaft tunnel, (mine) level 3) abandoned mine, disused mine 4) pit (esp. of a mine) 5) pithead, minehead
1) 2) 1) 2)

commonplace, ordinary, employment mediocre, banality, commonplace middle way, (golden) mean, moderation 3) mediocrity, imbecility 4) common man 5) appointment, assignment, promotion

squeeze squeezing exploitation, squeezing, sweating 3) milking (a cow) 4) pressure, compression 5) to press, to wring, to squeeze
1) 2) 1) 2)

burglar, rebel, traitor, robber pirate, sea robber thief, robber 3) thief, robber, burglar; rebel, insurgent 4) pirated edition, bootleg 5) foe, enemy, rival; resentment, enmity, grudge

cavity, hole, slit, very, great, exceedingly Confucius pupil, pupillary 3) hole; decit, shortage 4) peafowl (inc. the male peacock, female peahen 5) hole pattern
1) 2) 1) 2)

paddy ridge, levee lake shore riverside 3) ridge between rice elds; causeway 4) on the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river 5) footpath between rice elds

girl, Miss, daughter, lass unmarried woman; (after a name) Miss daughter; young lady 3) (your) daughter, young woman 4) (term of respect for) anothers daughter 5) prostitute working at a soapland (lit: Turkish girl)
1) 2) 1) 2)

torture, beat torture, the rack, third degree instrument(s) of torture 3) the rack 4) instruments of torture 5) Convention against Torture and Other Cruel

venerable old man old man, venerable inscrutable are the ways of heaven 3) tumbler, self-righting toy 4) old man 5) albatross (esp. the short-tailed albatross
1) 2) 1) 2)

mountain stream, valley valley, ravine, canyon mountain stream 3) valley 4) snowy valley 5) ravine

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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discreet, reverently, humbly penitence, discipline, house arrest indiscretion, imprudence 3) stern, grave, solemn, sobersided 4) respectfully, humbly, reverently 5) to be careful, to be discreet
1) 2)

bargain, reason, charge, suspicion, point, account, purity, honest, low price, cheap, rested, contented, peaceful 1) bargain sale low price 3) honesty, integrity, purity and unselshness 4) cheap, inexpensive 5) charge, grounds, suspicion
2)

praise, extol Medal with Purple Ribbon to praise, to admire, to speak well 3) medal (of merit), prize, reward 4) reward, prize 5) medal of honour, medal of merit
1) 2) 1) 2)

kiln, oven, furnace stove, furnace, kiln ceramics, ceramic industry 3) pottery 4) tunnel kiln 5) removing pots from kiln

measuring box, 1.8 liter measuring container, measure sho (unit of volume, approx. 1.8 litres) 3) one square on a grid, one cell of a grid 4) unit of old Japanese liquid measurement 5) 1 sho bottle (1.8 litres)
1) 2) 1) 2)

ugly, unclean, shame, bad looking ugly, unattractive; unsightly, unseemly shameful sight, disgraceful behavior 3) scandal 4) ugliness, meanness, offensiveness 5) ugly man; strong, brawny man

annoy, anxiety, nuisance, trouble, irksome, worry, pain, ill complex, intricate, complicated, confused troublesome, annoying, complicated 3) klesha (polluting thoughts such as greed 4) trouble 5) noisy, loud; fussy; annoying, troublesome
1) 2) 1) 2)

martyrdom, follow by resigning martyrdom dying at ones post 3) martyrdom 4) to sacrice oneself 5) martyr

descend to, lapse into, degenerate depravity, corruption, degradation abortion, aborticide, miscarriage 3) to degenerate, to lapse into 4) to fall down, to drop; to fail (e.g. exam) 5) to fall down, to drop; to fail (e.g. exam)
1) 2) 1) 2)

censure, criminal investigation impeachment, accusation, censure report of an ofcials offence to the emperor (offense) 3) (Japanese) Court of Impeachment 4) impeachment vote 5) Judge Impeachment Court

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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jetty, bolt (door), scaffold, cleat, frame wharf, bridge, jetty, pier reviewing stand, box, gallery 3) suspension bridge, viaduct, temporary bridge 4) frame (i.e. of a sliding door); crosspiece 5) sheathing (under thatched roong)
1) 2) 1) 2)

tariff, crop tax, borrowing taxes, taxation concession, settlement 3) public tax 4) lease 5) leasehold land

pining, yearn for, love dearly, adore to yearn for, to miss, to adore dear, beloved 3) yearning, deep affection 4) cherish the memory of, yearn for 5) love, attachment, adoration
1) 2) 1) 2)

bridegroom, son-in-law adopted son-in-law ones son-in-law 3) bridegroom 4) husband, groom; (ones) son-in-law 5) vagina; screw

correct, reform, cure, control, pretend, falsify, rectify, straighten correction, remedy to straighten, to correct, to cure 3) eccentric 4) to set up again, to correct, to cure 5) radical, extreme, eccentric
1) 2) 1) 2)

quit, stop, leave, withdraw, go dismissal, discharge to cease, to stop, to be over 3) to resign, to retire, to quit 4) to re (from job), to discharge 5) emphatic verbal prex

captured, criminal, arrest, catch criminals condemned to death prisoner 3) to be captured, to be apprehended 4) imprisonment, captive 5) prison labor, prison labour, forced labor
1) 2) 1) 2)

so-and-so, one, a certain, that person someone; I, personal pronoun certain, one 3) certain person, certain amount, Mr So-and-so 4) so-and-so 5) certain person, certain amount

steadily, barely
1) 2)

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1) 2)

penetrate, secrete, ooze, ow, soak in secretion endocrine; incretion, internal secretion 3) urinary organs 4) earnestly, keenly, fully, deeply, heartily 5) endocrine gland

gradual progress, steady advance gradually, slowly, little by little 3) a little, partially, somewhat, a short time 4) gradual decrease, decline 5) nally, at last; barely, narrowly, hardly

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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misfortune, bad luck, disaster, unlucky trouble, burden, care, bother, worry misfortune, bad luck, evil, disaster 3) unlucky year, critical age 4) warding off evil 5) encumbrance
1) 2) 1) 2)

mosquito mosquito mosquito net 3) malaria mosquito 4) crane y 5) faint voice

direct descent (non-bastard), legitimate wife legitimate birth legitimate child 3) legitimate heir 4) legitimate child 5) eldest sons descendants
1) 2) 1) 2)

seaweed, duckweed duckweed, seaweed, algae seaweed 3) seaweed, algae 4) waterweed (any aquatic plant of genus Elodea 5) to struggle, to wriggle, to squirm

convex, beetle brow, uneven unevenness, roughness, ruggedness letterpress, relief printing 3) letterpress, relief printing 4) brow, forehead; convex 5) unevenness, roughness, ruggedness
1) 2) 1) 2)

menacing, dignity, majesty, threaten menace, threat, intimidation; to threaten to threaten, to menace 3) to threaten, to menace; to startle 4) brilliant, bright, glorious 5) to threaten, to menace

frost frost speckled with white, salt and pepper (colour 3) covering which protects against frost 4) (fall of) frost 5) years, time
1) 2) 1) 2)

rhyme, elegance, tone reverberation, swelling (of a hymn) rhyme 3) rhythm, metre (poet) 4) rhyme in a Chinese poem 5) metrical foot (poet.)

imperial order imperial decree, imperial edict imperial edict, decree 3) meaning or gist of a decree 4) imperial scroll 5) the emperors censure
1) 2) 1) 2)

saltpeter, nitrate nitric acid gunpowder smoke 3) glass, pane 4) int glass 5) nitrous acid

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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Confucian Confucianism Confucianism, Confucianist, Chinese scholar 3) Confucianism 4) cynic (phil.) 5) teacher, scholar
1) 2) 1) 2)

cofn, casket cofn, casket sarcophagus, stone cofn 3) cofn, casket 4) carrying out a cofn, funeral procession 5) placing in the cofn

watchtower, lookout, high building multistoried building mirage 3) skyscraper 4) tower, turret, lookout, belvedere 5) belfry, bell tower
1) 2) 1) 2)

distress, grieve, lament, be anxious nostalgia, homesickness pathos, sorrow, grief 3) sad, unhappy, gloomy 4) to grieve, to lament, to be anxious 5) deplorable, alarming, grievous, lamentable

brown, woollen kimono brown dark reddish-brown, liver color 3) dark brown 4) yellowish-brown 5) brown algae, phaeophyceae
1) 2) 1) 2)

fuel, rewood, kindling rewood, kindling, fuel wood and charcoal, fuel 3) going through thick and thin to attain ones objective, enduring unspeakable hardships for the sake of vengeance 4) fuel and water, cooking, salary 5) rewood gathering grant, gift, boon, results Emperors cup, trophy given by the Emperor Imperial gift 3) gift, boon, result, fruit 4) to receive; to grant, to bestow, to award 5) to be given, to be granted
1) 2)

darning, repair, mend, trim, tidy up, adjust repair, mending upkeep (of equip.) 3) mending, repair, darning, patching up 4) to mend, to repair, to x, to patch up 5) to temporize, to temporise, to smooth over
1) 2)

concave, hollow, sunken unevenness, roughness, ruggedness concave, hollow, sunken 3) unevenness, roughness, ruggedness 4) to dent, to indent, to depress, to humiliate 5) to dent, to indent, to depress, to humiliate
1) 2) 1) 2)

bolt, cork, bung, stopper, plug stopper, cork, stopcock thrombus, blood clot 3) cerebral thrombosis 4) gas tap, gas cock 5) organ stop

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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inmost, heart, mind, inside compromise, cross, blending, eclecticism innermost feelings 3) a blending of Japanese and Western styles 4) distress 5) compromise proposal
1) 2) 1) 2)

tempering, rene, drill, train, polish rening, smelting, tempering alchemy; making big money (implied 3) tempering, forging, hardening, disciplining 4) veteran 5) test, trial, probation, ordeal, tribulation

reject, retreat, recede, withdraw, repel, repulse rejection, expulsion, boycott, ostracism to repel, to drive away, to repulse 3) to step back, to move back 4) rejection, ostracism 5) scout, patrol, spy
1) 2) 1) 2)

pursue, drive away, chase, accomplish, attain, commit destroyer one by one, in detail, minutely 3) extermination, expulsion, destruction 4) successively, one after another, sequentially 5) expulsion, ejection, dismissal, ostracism

wee hours, evening, early night evening, early night hours night owl, nighthawk, late bird 3) this evening, tonight 4) spring evening 5) nightfall, early evening
1) 2) 1) 2)

imperial edict imperial edict, decree imperial decree, imperial edict 3) imperial edict, decree 4) imperial rescript 5) imperial edict

bar-tending, serving sake, the host, draw (water), ladle, scoop, pump matchmaking evening drink 3) pouring alcohol, person pouring alcohol 4) to serve sake 5) consideration (for others)
1) 2) 1) 2)

delusion, unnecessarily, without authority, reckless wild idea, delusion without authority, without reason 3) morally corrupt 4) falsehood, untruth, delusion 5) rash and blind act

limb, arms & legs choices, alternatives, options limbs, members, body 3) limbs, extremities 4) handicapped child 5) foot; leg; gait; pace
1) 2) 1) 2)

distribute, disseminate, partition, understand distribution grayish color, greyish colour; grizzled hair 3) distribution price 4) circulation, distribution, promulgation 5) (movie) distribution rights

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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heir, succeed to succeed (someone in a business or inheritance) 2) successor, heir, heiress 3) heir, successor 4) heir 5) legitimate heir
1) 1) 2)

mimeograph, copy exemplar copy, transcription, mimeograph, photocopy 3) copier, copying machine 4) mimeograph, stencil 5) ofcial copy of the family register

extract, selection, summary, copy, spread thin excerpt, extract; annotation excerpt, abridgment, book of selections 3) quotation, abstract, selection, summary 4) to make something (i.e. paper) from wet 5) anthology
1) 2) 1) 2)

ridge, furrow, rib, 30 tsubo se (Japanese unit of area equal to 30 tsubo ridge, rib 3) mu (Chinese measure of land area 4) to undulate, to meander, to surge, to swell 5) furrow, room with ridged roof

barbarian savage, uncivilized, uncivilised act of barbarity, brutality, barbarism 3) southern barbarians (formerly used by the Chinese to refer to non-ethnic Chinese to the south); South-East Asia; Western Europe (esp. Spain and Portugal, their South-East Asian colonies, and their goods and people arriving in Japan via the colonies); exotic (esp. Western European or South-East Asian style); (in dance, marquis, lord, daimyo puppetry, etc.) thrusting the right foot and right arm forward at the same time (or left foot and 1) marquis, lord, daimyo left arm); food prepared using chili peppers or 2) marquis, marquess Welsh onions 3) king and princes, noble rank 4) foolhardiness, recklessness, savage valour 4) principality 5) scruffy 5) marchioness
1) 2) 1) 2)

lazy, laziness inertia, habit, momentum laziness, idleness 3) diligence and indolence, attendance 4) inertia, momentum; force of habit 5) indolence, listlessness

I, one one (used in legal documents) 10,000 Yen 3) 10,000 Yen 4) (in Japan) 1st note of the ancient chromatic scale (approx. D) 5) (in gagaku) scale similar to Mixolydian mode on D
1) 2)

append, afxed, attach, refer to to afx, to append, to attach; to entrust to attach, to join, to add, to append 3) to afx, to append, to attach; to entrust 4) attachment, appendage, annex, annexure 5) date, dating
1) 2) 1) 2)

arc, arch, bow arc arc 3) closing parenthesis 4) closing brace 5) parenthesis, brackets

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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potato tuber, taro, potato; yokel, bumpkin potato (Solanum tuberosum) 3) potato (Solanum tuberosum) 4) yam 5) taro
1) 2) 1) 2)

however, but ordinary, common, usual; free of charge but, however, provided that 3) conditional 4) proviso 5) proviso

emulate, imitate imitation, copying to imitate, to follow, to emulate 3) to follow precedent 4) imitation, copying 5) imitator
1) 2) 1) 2)

old woman, grandma, wet nurse old woman old woman 3) grandmother; female senior-citizen 4) to shamelessly demand ones rights 5) old maid, frump, hag

cocoon cocoon to spin a cocoon 3) cocoon crop 4) double cocoon 5) to spin a cocoon
1) 2) 1) 2)

frugal, economy, thrifty thrift, economy, frugality economy 3) thrifty, economical 4) industry, diligence, frugality 5) living frugally

moreover, also, furthermore yet, moreover, and temporary, transient; triing, slight 3) besides, and yet 4) besides, furthermore, moreover 5) besides, furthermore, moreover
1) 2) 1) 2)

anxiety, consideration, uneasiness, concern, expectation, fear fear, horror, anxiety, concern, uneasiness eld poppy, Papaver rhoeas 3) emergency 4) fear, misgivings 5) risk of failure

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1) 2)

weight, plumb bob, sinker weight; sinker (shing) spindle 3) counter for spindles 4) weight (of a shing net) 5) idle spindles
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unit of weight, approx. 3.75 g 375 grams (100 monme)

sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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excessive, overow, spread out overowing, ood morally corrupt, slovenly, obscene 3) without authority, without reason 4) morally corrupt 5) random ring, reckless ring
1) 2) 1) 2)

decrease exhaustion, consumption, waste, dissipation consumable goods 3) mental retardation, unsound mind 4) wear, abrasion 5) exhaustive

swell, dilate, distend, bulge, ll out to swell (from inammation) swelling, bulge, puff 3) to expand, to swell (out), to get big 4) to get cross, to get sulky, to swell (out) 5) boil, swelling
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emperors seal emperors seal imperial seal 3) sovereigns seal 4) sacred sword and jewels 5) imperial seal, privy seal

audience, audience (with king) to have an audience with to have an audience with 3) audience (with someone) 4) private audience 5) having an audience with someone of very high social standing (e.g. the emperor)
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baron, peerage, court rank count, earl baron; Irish cobbler (variety of potato) 3) prince, duke 4) jue (ancient 3-legged Chinese wine pitcher 5) marquis, marquess

counters for things counter for articles counter for the ichi-ni-san counting system (usu. directly preceding the item being counted), a noun read using its on-yomi 3) counter for the hito-futa-mi counting system (forming hitotsu, futatsu, mitsu, and misoji, yasoji, etc.) 4) individual, one by one, separate 5) one year axe, 1.32 lb, catty, counter for loaves of bread, axe radical (no. 69) 1) unit of weight 600g 2) 1 kin (0.6kg); 1 loaf of bread 3) weight 4) weight 5) axe
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third class, 3rd, 3rd calendar sign 3rd in rank ABC, 1, 2 and 3 3) 43rd year of the sexagenary cycle (year of the Fire Horse, renowned for disasters and the birth of women destined to kill their husbands) 4) A, B, C and D, rst, second 5) class C, third class ofcer, an ofcial government ofcial, clerk an ofcial 3) lower ofcial 4) executioner 5) public ofcial
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sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/

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two, second, II two (used in legal documents) two (used in old or legal documents) 3) duplicity, treachery, double-dealing
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pox, smallpox (smallpox) vaccination, inoculation smallpox, variola 3) smallpox, variola; pockmark, pock 4) light case of smallpox 5) cow pox, vaccinia

ladle, one tenth of a go, dip


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majestic plural, imperial we


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18 ml (one-tenth of a go) one shaku

We, Our, rst person pronoun used by royalty "We, the emperor, .."

model, molding carving and engraving plastic 3) plasticizer, plasticiser 4) plasticity 5) plastics
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pig iron pig iron pig iron 3) white pig iron 4) molten iron 5) molten iron

abide by, follow, obey, learn obedience compliance, adherence (to a set of rules) 3) obeying, observing, following 4) law-abiding 5) law-abiding citizen
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ground-breaking, open up farmland cultivating new land cultivated land 3) uncultivated 4) virgin soil, uncultivated land 5) uncultivated, wild

poem, tribute, installment, levy, ode, prose allotment, quota, payment in installments poem; narrative (style of the Shi Jing) 3) levy, imposition 4) to allocate; to compose (poetry, etc.) 5) monthly installment (instalment)
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sources: JMdict and KANJIDIC by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group - http://www.edrdg.org/