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About the Authors

Chong H. Ahn
University of Cincinnati Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cincinnati, OH, USA chong.ahn@uc.edu

Chapter B.18

Authors

Dr. Chong H. Ahn is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He obtained his PhD from the School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology in 1993. Prior to joining the University of Cincinnati, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, NY, USA. His research interests include all aspects of design, fabrication, and characterization of microuidic devices, polymer lab-on-a-chip, point-of-care testing (POCT) clinical diagnostics, biosensors and bioelectronics, BioMEMS devices, and self-assembled nanostructures. He is currently an Editor of the IEEE/ASME Journal of MEMS, and also serving as an Editorial Board Member of JMM, and the Journal of Microuidics and Nanouidics. He is the founder of Siloam Biosciences Inc. in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Boris Anczykowski
nanoAnalytics GmbH Mnster, Germany anczykowski@nanoanalytics.com

Chapter C.26

Dr. Boris Anczykowski is a physicist with an extensive research background in the eld of dynamic scanning force microscopy. He co-invented the Q-control technique and received the Innovation Award Mnsterland for Science and Economy in 2001 for this achievement. He is a Managing Director and co-founder of nanoAnalytics GmbH, a company specialized in the characterization of surfaces and interfaces on the micro and nanometer scale.

W. Robert Ashurst
Auburn University Department of Chemical Engineering Auburn, AL, USA ashurst@auburn.edu

Chapter H.48

W. Robert Ashurst is currently an Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at Auburn University. His research focuses on design of molecular precursors for advanced monolayer lms, tribology at the micro and nanoscale, and the inuence of surface chemical treatments on micro and nanoscale devices. Dr. Ashurst completed his PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 2003 and remained at U.C. Berkeley as a post-doctoral researcher until the Fall of 2004 when he joined the faculty at Auburn University.

Massood Z. Atashbar
Western Michigan University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kalamazoo, MI, USA massood.atashbar@wmich.edu

Chapter A.8

Professor Massood Z. Atashbar received the BSc degree in electrical engineering from the Isfahan University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, the MSc degree in Electrical Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, and the PhD degree from the Department of Communication and Electronic Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia, in 1998. From 1998 to 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Electronic Engineering and Acoustic Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. He is now an Assistant Professor with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo. His research interests include physical and chemical microsensors development, wireless sensors, and applications of nanotechnology in sensors, digital electronics, advanced signal processing, and engineering education.

1888

About the Authors

Wolfgang Bacsa
University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (LPST),UMR 5477 CNRS Toulouse, France bacsa@ramansco.ups-tlse.fr; bacsa@lpst.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Wolfgang Bacsa is an expert in the emerging eld of nanooptics and carbon nanotubes. He has a PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich in Physics and has extensive experience in condensed matter physics, optics, microscopy, synthesis of ultrathin lms and nanostructured carbon. Professor Bacsa worked at the ETH Zrich, PennState University and EPFL Lausanne.

Authors
Kelly Bailey
University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia kelly.bailey@csiro.au Chapter B.17

Kelly Bailey received a BS in Nanotechnology from Flinders University, South Australia in 2004. She is currently pursuing a PhD in the Department of Biochemistry with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide, South Australia. Her current research focuses on assay and array technologies for G-protein coupled receptors and their associated G-proteins. Her project specically looks at uorescent signal transduction mechanisms using time-resolved uorescence resonance energy transfer as well as surface display technologies for GPCRs. Applications for this work include biosensing and microarray platforms in the area of drug discovery and diagnostics.

William Sims Bainbridge


National Science Foundation Division of Information, Science and Engineering Arlington, VA, USA wsbainbridge@yahoo.com

Chapter I.53

William Sims Bainbridge earned his doctorate from Harvard University. He is the author of 11 books, 4 textbook-software packages, and about 180 shorter publications in information science, social science of technology, and the sociology of culture. His software employed innovative techniques to teach theory and methodology: Experiments in Psychology, Sociology Laboratory, Survey Research, and Social Research Methods and Statistics. He is the editor of the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction and author of the forthcoming God from the Machine, a study using articial intelligence techniques to understand religious belief. At the National Science Foundation since 1992, he represented the social and behavioral sciences on ve advanced technology initiatives: High Performance Computing and Communications, Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence, Digital Libraries, Information Technology Research, and Nanotechnology, before joining the staff of the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Currently, he is director of NSFs Science and Engineering Informatics program, after having directed the Sociology, Human Computer Interaction, and Articial Intelligence programs, and a member of the faculty of George Mason University.

Antonio Baldi
Institut de Microelectronica de Barcelona (IMB) Centro National Microelectrnica (CNM-CSIC) Barcelona, Spain antoni.baldi@cnm.es

Chapter A.8

Professor Antonio Baldi is a Ramon y Cajal researcher at the CNM-IMB, Spain. He received his BS degree in telecommunication engineering from the Universitat Politcnica de Catalunya, (1996) and his PhD degree on electronics engineering from the Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona in 2001. From 2001 to 2003 he was at the University of Minnesota working in the eld of bioMEMS as a postdoctoral fellow. In the summer of 2003 he joined the Chemical Transducers Group (GTQ), at the Centro Nacional de Microelectrnica, where he works on the development of microsystems and instrumentation for chemical and biochemical sensing.

About the Authors

1889

Wilhelm Barthlott
University of Bonn Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants Bonn, Germany barthlott@uni-bonn.de

Chapter F.41

Dr. Wilhelm Barthlott is a Professor of Botany and head of a Biodiversity Institute and Director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Bonn. Since his post doc time at the University of Heidelberg he has been interested in biodiversity research and in scanning electron and atomic force microscopy of biological surfaces. His discovery of self-cleaning surfaces in the 1970s (Lotus-Effekt) led to an innovation in surface technologies. His interest in biomimetic transfer concentrates currently on air retaining surfaces for ship hulls.

Authors

Roland Bennewitz
INM Leibniz Institute for New Materials Saarbrcken, Germany roland.bennewitz@inm-gmbh.de

Chapter D.30

Roland Bennewitz studied physics in Freiburg and Berlin, Germany, where he received his PhD. He leads the Nanotribology Group at the INM Leibniz Institute for New Materials. He is also Honorary Professor in the Physics Department of Saarland University. His scientic interests include the mechanical properties of surfaces at small scales and the development of new materials with dedicated mechanical properties. Before coming to Saarbrcken, he was at McGill University in Montreal (Canada) and at the University of Basel (Switzerland).

Bharat Bhushan
Ohio State University Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB) Columbus, OH, USA bhushan.2@osu.edu

Chapters 1, B.16, C.21, D.28, D.33, D.34, D.37, E.38, E.39, E.40, F.41, F.42, F.44, H.47

Dr. Bharat Bhushan is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor in the Professor in the College of Engineering, and the Director of the Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2 ) at the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. He holds two MS, a PhD in mechanical engineering/mechanics, an MBA, and three semi-honorary and honorary doctorates. His research interests include fundamental studies with a focus on scanning probe techniques in the interdisciplinary areas of bio/nanotribology, bio/nanomechanics and bio/nanomaterials characterization, and applications to bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. He has authored 6 scientic books, more than 90 handbook chapters, more than 700 scientic papers (h factor 45+; ISI Highly Cited in Materials Science, since 2007), and more than 60 scientic reports, edited more than 45 books, and holds 17 US and foreign patents. He is co-editor of Springer NanoScience and Technology Series and Microsystem Technologies. He has organized various international conferences and workshops. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and international fellowships including the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize for Senior Scientists, Max Planck Foundation Research Award for Outstanding Foreign Scientists, and the Fulbright Senior Scholar Award. He is a member of various professional societies, including the International Academy of Engineering (Russia). He has previously worked for various research labs including IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. He has held visiting professor appointments at University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, UK, Technical University Vienna, Austria, University of Paris, Orsay, France, ETH Zurich and EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gerd K. Binnig
Deniens AG Munich, Germany gbinnig@deniens.com

Chapter G.45

Gerd Binnig obtained his PhD from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, and joined IBM Research in 1978. He was corecipient of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and he also invented the atomic force microscope. His current research interests are micro- and nanosystem techniques and Fractal Darwinism, a theory he developed to describe complex systems.

1890

About the Authors

Marcie R. Black
Bandgap Engineering Inc. Waltham, MA, USA marcie@alum.mit.edu; marcie@bandgap.com

Chapter A.4

Dr. Marcie Black is the CTO at Bandgap Engineering. Bandgap Engineering is nanoengineering solar silicon to maximize photovoltiac energy conversion. Before joining Bandgap, Marcie was a technical staff member in the applied electromagnetics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and worked on a variety of nanotechnology and optical systems. She earned her BS, MS and PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She has published over 30 articles in peer reviewed journals and three book sections and has two patents issued and numerous patents pending.

Authors
Donald W. Brenner
Department of Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh, NC, USA brenner@ncsu.edu

Chapter D.31

Dr. Donald W. Brenner is currently a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University, Raleigh. He received his BSc from the State University of New York in 1982 and his PhD from Penn. State University in 1987, both in Chemistry. He joined the Theoretical Chemistry Section at the United States Naval Research Laboratory as a staff scientist in 1987, and joined the North Carolina State University faculty in 1994. His research interests focus on using atomic and mesoscale simulation and theory to understand technologically important processes and materials. Professor Brenners awards include the 2002 Feynman prize for research achievement in nanotechnology (theory), the Alcoa Foundation Engineering Research Achievement Award (2000), Co-author of a Veridian Medal Paper (1999), and an Outstanding Teacher Award from the North Carolina State College of Engineering (1999). He is a member of the North Carolina State University Academy of Outstanding Teachers.

Jean-Marc Broto
Institut National des Sciences Appliques of Toulouse Laboratoire National des Champs Magntiques Pulss (LNCMP) Toulouse, France broto@lncmp.fr

Chapter A.3

Jean-Marc Broto is Professor at the Universit Toulouse III, France. He is a specialist in electronic transport and magnetization properties under high magnetic elds and contributed to the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance in 1988.

Guozhong Cao
University of Washington Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering Seattle, WA, USA gzcao@u.washington.edu

Chapter A.5

Dr. Guozhong Cao is Boeing-Steiner Professor of Engineering, Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Washington, Seattle, WA, and Afliate Professor of Chemistry in Chongqing University, China. He received his PhD degree from Eindhoven University of Technology (the Netherlands), MS from Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, and BS from East China University of Science and Technology (China). He has published over 250 refereed papers, authored and edited 5 books and 3 conference proceedings. Currently, Dr. Cao serves as the editor of Annual Review of Nano Research and Associate Editor of Journal of Nanophotonics. His recent research is focused mainly on nanomaterials for energy related applications including solar cells, lithium-ion batteries, supercapacitors, and hydrogen storage.

About the Authors

1891

Edin (I-Chen) Chen


National Central University Institute of Materials Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Li, Taiwan ichen@ncu.edu.tw

Chapter C.22

I-Chen Chen received the PhD degree in Materials Science and Engineering from University of California, San Diego in 2007. Right after graduation, he joined National Central University in Taiwan as an Assistant Professor. His research interests include nanomaterials, solar energy materials and optoelectronic devices.

Authors

Yu-Ting Cheng
National Chiao Tung University Department of Electronics Engineering & Institute of Electronics Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C. ytcheng@mail.nctu.edu.tw

Chapter H.52

Yu-Ting Cheng received his BS and MS degrees in Materials Science and Engineering from National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan in 1991 and 1993, respectively. After his military service he went to Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, and got his second MS degree in the same eld in 1996. Then he nished his PhD in Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, in 2000. Then he worked for IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, as a research staff member and was involved in several SoP (system on package) projects. In 2002 he became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics Engineering in National Chiao Tung University, where he has been promoted to an Associate Professor recently. His research interests include the fundamental study of materials for microsystem integration and MEMS applications, SoP, and the design and fabrication of microsensors and microactuators. He is a member of IEEE, IOP, and Phi Tau Phi.

Giovanni Cherubini
IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Tape Technologies Rschlikon, Switzerland cbi@zurich.ibm.com

Chapter G.45

Dr. Giovanni Cherubini received a PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of California, San Diego, in 1986. He joined the research staff of IBM in 1987. In 2006, he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. His interests comprise high-speed data transmission and data-storage systems. He was co-editor of the 100BASE-T2 Standard for fast ethernet transmission over voice-grade cables. More recently, he contributed to the realization of the rst fully functional atomic-force-microscope-based data-storage prototype system.

Mu Chiao
Department of Mechanical Engineering Vancouver, Canada muchiao@mech.ubc.ca

Chapter H.52

Mu Chiao received his BS and MS degrees from National Taiwan University in 1996 and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley, USA in 2002. From 2002 to 2003 he was with Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center, University of California at Berkeley as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow. His research effort was on MEMS power source and nanowire/tube synthesis. From March 2003 to July 2003 he was a senior MEMS engineer at Intpax, Inc, USA, working on MEMS sensors for automotive applications. Dr. Chiao has been with the Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of British Columbia since September 2003 as an Assistant Professor. His current research interests include design and fabrication of MEMS and nanodevices for biomedical applications. Particularly, he is working on MEMS drug delivery devices, anti-biofouling coating for implantable biomedical sensors and biomaterials for MEMS. He is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), Canada, Canada Foundation for Innovations (CFI). Dr. Chiao is the recipient of the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) in MEMS and Nanoengineering for biomedical applications.

1892

About the Authors

Jin-Woo Choi
Louisiana State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Baton Rouge, LA, USA choi@ece.lsu.edu

Chapter B.18

Jin-Woo Choi received his BS and MS degree in Electrical Engineering from Seoul National University in Korea in 1994 and 1996, respectively and his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 2001. Now he is an Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA. His current research activities include magnetic particle separators, microuidic systems for biochemical detection, micro total analysis systems (-TAS), bioelectronics, nanomaterial-based biosensors, and bioMEMS components and systems.

Authors
Tamara H. Cooper
University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia tamara.cooper@csiro.au

Chapter B.17

Tamara Cooper completed a Bachelor of Biotechnology (Hons) at Flinders University in 2004 and is currently undertaking a PhD with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide, South Australia. Her current research involves constructing uorescent proteins for time-resolved uorescence resonance energy transfer technologies involving G-protein coupled receptors and G-protein subunits for cell-free biosensor applications.

Alex D. Corwin
GE Global Research Niskayuna, NY, USA corwin@ge.com

Chapter H.48

Alex D. Corwin received the BA degree in math and physics from Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT, in 1995 and the MS and PhD degrees in physics from Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, in 1998 and 2002, respectively. He held a postdoctoral appointment at Sandia National Laboratories before joining the staff in 2004. During his time at Sandia he worked on MEMS reliability, studying in particular friction and adhesion of contacting micro-systems. Additionally, he developed the MEMScript software for making automated and high-resolution measurements on MEMS devices. In 2007 he moved to GEs global research center where he continues to work on MEMS reliability.

Maarten P. de Boer
Carnegie Mellon University Department of Mechanical Engineering Pittsburgh, PA, USA mpdebo@andrew.cmu.edu

Chapter H.48

Maarten P. de Boer earned the PhD degree from the University of Minnesota, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department in 1996, specializing in thin lm fracture mechanics. He was employed by Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque, NM, from 1996 to 2007, and worked in the area of microelectromechanical systems addressing phenomena such as adhesion, friction, and mechanical properties. He also designed MEMS actuators and sensors. He joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, PA, as Associate Professor in 2007.

Dietrich Dehlinger
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Engineering Livermore, CA, USA dehlinger1@llnl.gov

Chapter B.13

Dr. Dehlinger is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. He received is PhD from the Electrical and Computer Engineering department at the University of California, San Diego. His background is in optics, MEMS, and nanofabrication techniques. His current work involves designing devices for di-electrophoretic sample preparation.

About the Authors

1893

Frank W. DelRio
National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD, USA frank.delrio@nist.gov

Chapter H.48

Frank W. DelRio received a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2006. During his tenure at the University of Colorado, he served as a Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Institute fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, NM and as an Engineering Sciences Summer Institute (ESSI) fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, CA. After working as a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley, he joined the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, MD. His current work focuses on the mechanical and tribological properties of thin lms and small-scale structures.

Authors

Michel Despont
IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro- and Nanofabrication Rschlikon, Switzerland dpt@zurich.ibm.com

Chapter G.45

Michel Despont received a degree in Microtechnology from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne in 1993 and a PhD in Physics from the Institute of Microtechnology, University of Neuchtel, Switzerland, in 1996. After a postdoctoral fellowship at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1996, where he worked on the development of various cantilever2 based sensors and pioneered the process development of an ultra-thick, high-aspect-ratio UV resist called SU-8, he spent one year as a visiting scientist at the Seiko Instrument Research Laboratory in Japan. Since returning to the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, his work has focused on the development of micro- and nanomechanical devices as well as on 3-D microdevice integration for system-on-chip (SoC) applications. In 2005, he was appointed manager and currently leads the Micro- and Nanofabrication group.

Lixin Dong
Michigan State University Electrical and Computer Engineering East Lansing, MI, USA ldong@egr.msu.edu

Chapter G.46

Lixin Dong is an Assistant Professor at Michigan State University. He received the BS and MS degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Xian University of Technology (XUT) in 1989 and 1992, respectively. He became a Research Associate in 1992 and a Lecturer in 1995, both of Mechanical Engineering, and an Associate Professor of Mechatronics in 1998 at XUT, where he has served as the head of the Department of Mechatronics Engineering from 1997 to 1999. He received his PhD degree in Micro Systems Engineering from Nagoya University in 2003, and became Assistant Professor of Micro/Nano Systems Engineering and MechanoInformation Engineering at Nagoya University in 2003. In 2004 he joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich as a Research Scientist, and was a Senior Research Scientist at ETH Zurich from 2005 to 2008, where he led the NanoRobotics Group in the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). His main research interests include nanorobotics, mechatronics, nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), mechanochemistry, and nanobiomedical devices. He serves as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Trans. on Nanotechnology and the IEEE Trans. on Automation Science and Engineering. He is Chair of the Technical Committee (TC) on Nano Energy, Environment and Safety (NEES).

Gene Dresselhaus
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory Cambridge, MA, USA gene@mgm.mit.edu

Chapter A.4

Gene Dresselhaus received his PhD in physics from the University of California in 1955. He was a faculty member at the University of Chicago, and assistant professor at Cornell before joining MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 1960 as a staff member. In 1976 he assumed his current position at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory. His area of interest is the electronic structure of nanomaterials and he has co-authored with M.S. Dresselhaus several books on fullerenes, nanowires, and nanotubes.

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About the Authors

Mildred S. Dresselhaus
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of Physics Cambridge, MA, USA millie@mgm.mit.edu

Chapter A.4

Mildred Dresselhaus received her PhD in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1958. She joined the MIT faculty in 1967. She has been active in research across broad areas of solid state physics, especially in carbon science. Her present research activities focus on carbon nanotubes, bismuth nanowires, low dimensional thermoelectricity, and novel forms of carbon. She is the recipient of the National Medal of Science and 25 worldwide honorary degrees.

Authors
Urs T. Drig Andreas Ebner

Chapter G.45

IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro-/Nanofabrication Rschlikon, Switzerland drg@zurich.ibm.com

Urs Drig received a PhD degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, in 1984. He joined IBM as a post-doc working on near-eld optical microscopy. He is Research Staff Member since 1986: He worked in the eld of scanning tunneling and dynamic force microscopy. In 1997, he joined the Micro/ Nanomechanics group focusing on polymer material issues and thermal modeling.

Chapter C.27

Johannes Kepler University Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz, Austria andreas.ebner@jku.at

Andreas Ebner studied Technical Chemistry at the Johannes Kepler University of Linz and earned his Dr. tech. at the at the Biophysics Institute of the JKU Linz. Currently he is working in Prof. Hinterdorfers Institute as subgroup leader focusing on AFM-tip chemistry, topography and recognition imaging, and single molecule-force spectroscopy.

Evangelos Eleftheriou
IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Rschlikon, Switzerland ele@zurich.ibm.com

Chapter G.45

He received a PhD in Electrical Engineering from Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada, in 1985, and joined IBM Research in 1986. His research focuses on magnetic recording and storage systems. His current research interests include nanotechnology, in particular probe-storage techniques. In 2005, Dr. Eleftheriou was co-recipient of the Eduard Rhein Technology Award. He was co-recipient of the 2003 IEEE Leonard G. Abraham Prize Paper Award. In January 2002, he was elected Fellow of the IEEE, and in 2005 became an IBM Fellow and was elected to the IBM Academy of Technology.

Emmanuel Flahaut
Universit Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT, Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche et dIngnierie des Matriaux, UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse, France ahaut@chimie.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Emmanuel Flahaut obtained his PhD in Materials Science in Toulouse working on CCVD synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and dense ceramic-based composites including CNTs. He spent then more than one year as a post-doctoral researcher in Malcolm Greens Group in Oxford to work mainly on the lling of CNTs. He is now a permanent CNRS researcher at the University of Toulouse.

Anatol Fritsch
University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig, Germany anatol.fritsch@uni-leipzig.de

Chapter D.36

Anatol Fritsch received his diploma in physics from the University of Leipzig, Germany, in 2007. Working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Ks his current research interests are the mechanical properties of multicellular cancer spheroids and the development of optical techniques for high resolution single and multiple cell tomography.

About the Authors

1895

Harald Fuchs
Universitt Mnster Physikalisches Institut Mnster, Germany fuchsh@uni-muenster.de

Chapter C.26

1984 PhD Universitt des Saarlandes with Prof. H. Gleiter (nano crystalline systems); 19841985, Post doc with IBM Research Lab. Zurich in the group of G. Binnig and H. Rohrer; 19851993 Project Manager Ultrathin Organic Filmswith BASF AG, Ludwigshafen; Germany. Since 1993 he is full Professor and Director at the Physical Institute of the University of Mnster; 2000, Cofounder and Scientic Director of the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech).

Authors

Christoph Gerber
University of Basel Institute of Physics National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel, Switzerland christoph.gerber@unibas.ch

Chapter B.15

Professor Christoph Gerber is the Director for scientic communication of the National Center of Competence for Nanoscale Science (NCCR) at the Institute of Physics, University of Basel, Switzerland and is a Research Staff Member emeritus in Nanoscale Science at the IBM Research Laboratory in Rschlikon, Switzerland. He has served as a project leader in various programs of the Swiss National Science Foundation and in the European 6th Framework. During the past 25 years, his research has been focused on nanoscale science. He is a veteran in scanning probe microscopy and made major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM) and is a co-inventor of biochemical sensors based on AFM technology. He is an author and co-author of more than 150 scientic papers that appeared in peer-reviewed journals with more than 19 000 citations in cross disciplinary elds. He belongs worldwide to the one hundred most cited researchers in Physical Sciences. He gave numerous plenary and invited talks at international conferences.

Franz J. Giessibl
Universitt Regensburg Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics Regensburg, Germany franz.giessibl@physik.uni-regensburg.de

Chapters C.23, C.25

Professor Giessibl is working in atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum at room temperature and low temperatures. He is a Steering Committee Member of the International Conference on Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy. He received the R and D 100 Award Chicago 1994, the German Nanoscience Award 2000, and the Rudolf Kaiser Price in 2001. Since May 2006 he is head of the Department of Experimental and Applied Physics at the University of Regensburg, Germany.

Enrico Gnecco
University of Basel National Center of Competence in Research Department of Physics Basel, Switzerland enrico.gnecco@unibas.ch

Chapter D.30

Enrico Gnecco is a senior researcher at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute in Basel. His research interests focus on nanotribology, atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum and controlled manipulation of nanoparticles.

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About the Authors

Stanislav N. Gorb
Max Planck Institut fr Metallforschung Evolutionary Biomaterials Group Stuttgart, Germany s.gorb@mf.mpg.de

Chapter F.43

Stanislav Gorb is a Professor and Chair at the Institute of Zoology, University of Kiel, Germany. He received his PhD in Zoology and Entomology at the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev. Gorb was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Vienna, a Research Assistant at the University of Jena, a group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tbingen and Max Planck Institute for Metals Research, Stuttgart, Germany, and a visiting Professor at both the University of Washington and Nanjing University of Astronautics and Aeronautics, China. Gorbs research focuses on morphology, structure, biomechanics, physiology, and evolution of surface-related functional systems in animals and plants, as well as the development of biologically inspired technological surfaces and systems. He received the Schlossmann Award in Biology and Materials Science in 1995 and was the 1998 BioFuture Competition winner for his works on biological attachment devices as possible sources for biomimetics. Gorb has authored three monographs, including Attachment Devices of Insect Cuticle and Biological Micro- and Nanotribology; two edited books, more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed.

Authors
Hermann Gruber
University of Linz Institute of Biophysics Linz, Austria hermann.gruber@jku.at

Chapter C.27

Hermann J. Gruber earned his PhD from the University of Graz, Institute of Organic Chemistry, in 1983. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Purdue University (1983-1985). Since then, he is at the University of Linz, Institute of Biophysics, where he holds a position as Associate Professor. His current and ongoing research includes surface chemistry, bioconjugation, and reconstitution of biological interaction.

Jason Hafner
Rice University Department of Physics and Astronomy Houston, TX, USA hafner@rice.edu

Chapter C.22

Jason Hafner earned his PhD in Physics from Rice University in 1998. He then held an NIH postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University working on carbon nanotube probes for high-resolution biological atomic-force microscopy. In 2001 he returned to Rice University where his research group is pursuing biophysical applications of scanned probe microscopy and nanomaterials.

Judith A. Harrison
U.S. Naval Academy Chemistry Department Annapolis, MD, USA jah@usna.edu

Chapter D.31

Judith A. Harrison has been a Professor of Chemistry at the United States Naval Academy for the past 16 years. She received her BA from St. Anselm College and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire. Before joining the faculty of the Naval Academy, she was a postdoctoral associate at the Naval Research Laboratory. For the past 18 years, her research has focused on the theoretical examination of nanometer-scale processes, such as indentation, friction, wear, and tribochemistry of hydrocarbon systems. She has published over 65 technical papers and given more than 80 invited talks, including the Burt L. Newkirk Lecture at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Keynote address at the 2002 annual meeting of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers. In 2000, she won the Naval Academys Research Excellence Award and the Department of the Navys Meritorious Civilian Service Award. The Maryland Chapter of the American Chemical Society has selected her to be the 2009 recipient of the George Braude Award. She has served on the Executive Committee of the Nanoscale Science and Technology Division of the American Vacuum Society and currently is the chair of that committee. She is a member of various professional organizations including the American Vacuum Society and the American Chemical Society.

About the Authors

1897

Martin Hegner
CRANN The Naughton Institute Trinity College, University of Dublin School of Physics Dublin, Ireland martin.hegner@tcd.ie

Chapter B.15

PD Martin Hegner received the MSc in Life Sciences and his PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland. In 1994 he was awarded a Ciba Geigy postdoc fellowship for projects at the Physics Institute of University of Basel and worked on single biomolecule experiments involving scanning probe microscopy. In 1996 he joined for three years the research group of C. Bustamante at University of Oregon and thereafter at University of California at Berkeley, where he developed functional interfaces for optical tweezers single molecule experiments. On joining again the Physical Institute at the University of Basel in 1999, he built up a biophysically oriented research group focusing on nanomechanical investigations on single biomolecules and lately on multifunctional cantilever arrays for biomedical applications. Since 2007 he is Associate Professor in the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin and Principal Investigator at CRANN.

Authors

Thomas Helbling
ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich, Switzerland thomas.helbling@micro.mavt.ethz.ch

Chapter B.14

Thomas Helbling studied at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at the ETH Zurich, Switzerland where he received his MSc in Electrical Engineering in 2005. He focused on micro- and nanosystems technology and the design of integrated electronic circuits (digital and analog). Since 2005 he has been a PhD student at the Institute of Micro- and Nanosystems, ETH Zurich, where he is investigating the use of carbon nanotubes as gas sensing elements and as active sensing elements for future micro- and nanoscaled pressure sensors.

Michael J. Heller
University of California San Diego Department of Bioengineering Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering La Jolla, CA, USA mjheller@ucsd.edu

Chapter B.13

Professor Michael J. Heller received his PhD in Biochemistry of Colorado State University in 1973. Further steps in his career: NIH Postdoctoral Fellow, Northwestern University; Supervisor DNA Technology, Amoco, 19761984; Director Molecular Biology, Molecular Biosystems, Inc., 19841987; Co-founder and President, Integrated DNA Technologies, 19871989; Co-founder and CTO, Nanogen, 19932001. Dr. Heller is now Professor in the Departments of Bioengineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University California, San Diego.

Seong-Jun Heo
Lam Research Corp. Fremont, CA, USA seongjun.heo@lamrc.com

Chapter D.31

Dr. Seong-Jun Heo is a process engineer in the conductor etch division at Lam research. He received his BSc and MD in materials engineering from Hanyang University in Seoul, Korea in 1997 and 1999, respectively. He was a research engineer in the semiconductor division of Samsumg Electronics from 1999 to 2003. He received his PhDin materials science from the University of Florida in 2007. His graduate work was in the area of computational simulation of the mechanical properties of nanoscale materials. He is interested in semiconductor process as well as computational simulation related to nanotechnology.

1898

About the Authors

Christofer Hierold
ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich, Switzerland christofer.hierold@micro.mavt.ethz.ch

Chapter B.14

Christofer Hierold is Professor for Micro- and Nanosystems at ETHZurich since April 2002. Before, he was eleven years with Siemens AG, Corporate Research, and Inneon Technologies AG in Munich, Germany, working mainly on CMOS compatible microsystems. His major research at ETH Zurich is now focused on the eld of nanotransducers, evaluation of new materials for MEMS and advanced microsystems. Christofer Hierold is a member of the international steering committees of the major conferences in the eld (MEMS, TRANSDUCERS, EUROSENSORS) and he is a member of the editorial boards of IEEE/ASME J. Microelectromechanical Systems and of J. Micromechanics and Microengineering and Joint Editor of the book series Advanced Micro- and Nanosystems.

Authors

Peter Hinterdorfer
University of Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz, Austria peter.hinterdorfer@jku.at

Chapter C.27

Peter Hinterdorfer earned a Dr. tech. from the University of Linz, Austria, Institute for Biophysics in 1992. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Virginia, Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics (1992/1993). Since then he has been at the University of Linz, Institute for Biophysics, where he holds a position as Associate Professor. His current and ongoing research includes single-molecule force spectroscopy and high-resolution topography imaging of biological samples. He is the inventor of TREC (topography and recognition) imaging.

Dalibor Hodko
Nanogen, Inc. San Diego, CA, USA dhodko@nanogen.com

Chapter B.13

Dr. Hodko received his B.Sc., M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in chemical engineering and chemistry from the University of Zagreb, Croatia. He has more than 20 years of industrial experience in the development of innovative technologies (17 issued patents) and products in the areas of bioanalytical and micro- and nanouidics devices as well as large systems with applications in physical and environmental chemistry. He has intensive experience in managing Government supported project and was a Principal Investigator on more than 25 federally funded projects. Dr. Hodko is presently a Director of Advanced Technology at Nanogen, Inc.

Hendrik Hlscher
Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute of Microstructure Technology Karlsruhe, Germany hendrik.hoelscher@imt.fzk.de

Chapter C.26

Hendrik Hlscher studied physics at the University of Hamburg. After two years at the Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR) in Bonn he was the head of the research group nanoForce at the Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Mnster. Since spring 2008 he has been working at the Institute of Microstructure Technology (IMT) at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe.

Hirotaka Hosoi
Hokkaido University Creative Research Initiative Sousei Sapporo, Japan hosoi@cris.hokudai.ac.jp

Chapter C.23

Hirotaka Hosoi received the DE degree in Electronic Enginnering from Hokkaido University in 1999. Since 2002 he has been at Innovation Plaza Hokkaido, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST). His main research focus is in high-resolution magnetic imaging of magnetic materials surfaces using a scanning force microscope. His current research interests includes magnetism on metal-oxide surfaces.

About the Authors

1899

Katrin Hbner
Staatliche Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm Neu-Ulm, Germany katrin.huebner1@web.de

Chapter D.32

Katrin Hbner nalized her Diploma in Physics in the Department of Experimental Physics of Ulm University, Ulm, Germany. Afterwards she spent two years on researching pancreatic cancer cells mainly using AFM and PFM. Now she is teaching math and physics at the Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm, Germany.

Authors

Douglas L. Irving
North Carolina State University Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh, NC, USA doug_irving@ncsu.edu

Chapter D.31

Dr. Douglas L. Irving is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at North Carolina State University. He received his BS in Physics from Furman University in 1997 and his MS and PhD in MSE from the University of Florida in 2002 and 2004, respectively. His research is focused on the study of materials in extreme environments using theoretical and computational approaches that range from multi-scale to electronic structure methods.

Jacob N. Israelachvili
University of California Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department Santa Barbara, CA, USA jacob@engineering.ucsb.edu

Chapter D.29

Jacob Israelachvili earned his PhD 1971 at the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, UK. He held various positions at the Department of Applied Mathematics at the Australian National University (19741986), including those of Professional Fellow and Head of Department. In 1986 he joined the faculty at University of California, Santa Barbara as Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department. In 1988 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London, and in 1991 he was awarded the Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research by the AIChE. He was elected as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering in 1996 and to the National Academy of Sciences in 2004. He also received the MRS Medal in 2004 and the ACS National Award in Colloid and Interface Science in 2009.

Guangyao Jia
University of California, Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine, CA, USA gjia@uci.edu

Chapter B.19

Guangyao Jia received his BE degree in Mechanical Engineering from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in China in 1990 and his MSc degree in Chemical Engineering from Florida Institute of Technology in 2001. Currently he is working with Professor Marc Madou on his PhD degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California, Irvine. His research includes centrifuge-based microuidics for ow-through DNA hybridization and microuidic PCR chips for rapid DNA amplication.

Sungho Jin
University of California, San Diego Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering La Jolla, CA, USA jin@ucsd.edu

Chapter C.22

Sungho Jin received PhD degree in Materials Science from UC Berkeley in 1974. After 26 years of research at Bell Labs, he joined UC San Diego in 2002 as a Distinguished Professor. His research include nanomaterials, electronic materials and biomaterials. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering, APS Fellow, MRS Fellow, and received John Bardeen Award.

1900

About the Authors

Anne Jourdain
Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC) Leuven, Belgium jourdain@imec.be

Chapter H.49

Anne Jourdain received the MSc degree in Opto-Microelectronics from the Ecole Nationale Suprieure dIngnieurs de Can, France in 1994. She did her PhD in LETI-CEA, Grenoble, France, and received the PhD degree in 1998 from the University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble, France. In 1999, she joined the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC), Leuven, Belgium, where she was involved in the MEMS processing development. In 2000, she joined the RF-MEMS team where she is currently in charge of the packaging of RF-MEMS devices.

Authors
Yong Chae Jung
Samsung Electronics C., Ltd. Senior Engineer Process Development Team Gyeonggi-Do, Korea yc423.jung@samsung.com Chapter F.42

Yong Chae Jung received the BS degree from Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea in 2001 and the MS degree from University of Southern California, Los Angeles in 2004. He is currently a Ph.D. candidate in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. His research interests are in bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics, including design and fabrication of micro/nanostructures for superhydrophobicity, self-cleaning and low adhesion.

Harold Kahn
Case Western Reserve University Department of Materials Science and Engineering Cleveland, OH, USA kahn@cwru.edu

Chapter H.50

Harold Kahn is Researcher Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. His research is focused on MEMS device processing and testing, particularly wafer-level mechanical testing and shape-memory actuated microuidics. He received a BS in metallurgical engineering from Lafayette College and a PhD in electronic materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Roger Kamm
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Biological Engineering Cambridge, MA, USA rdkamm@mit.edu

Chapter D.35

Roger Kamm is the Germeshausen Professor of Mechanical and Biological Engineering and Associate Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT. A primary objective of Kamms research group has been the application of fundamental concepts in uid and solid mechanics to better understand essential biological and physiological phenomena. Studies over the past thirty years have addressed issues in the respiratory, ocular and cardiovascular systems. More recently, his attention has focused on two new areas, the molecular mechanisms of cellular force sensation, and the development of new scaffold materials and microuidic technologies for vascularized engineered tissues. These works have led to over 160 journal publications. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Biomedical Engineering and the American Society for Mechanical Engineering. He is the current chair of the US National Committee on Biomechanics and the World Council on Biomechanics, and Director of the Global Enterprise for Micro Mechanics and Molecular Medicine.

Ruti Kapon
Weizmann Institute of Science Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot, Israel ruti.kapon@weizmann.ac.il

Chapter C.27

Ruti Kapon received her PhD in applied physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She joined Ziv Reichs group at the department of Biological Chemistry at the Weizmann institute of Science as a post-doc and is now a staff scientist in the group. Her research interests include transport phenomena in biological systems, protein energy landscapes and single molecule techniques.

About the Authors

1901

Josef Ks
University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig, Germany jkaes@physik.uni-leipzig.de

Chapter D.36

Professor Josef Alfons Ks is heading the Division of Soft Matter Physics and is Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics I at the University of Leipzig, Germany. He received his PhD from the Technical University of Munich followed by a Postdoc position at Harvard Medical School. After a position as Assistant Professor in the Physics Department at the University of Texas at Austin he accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig. His research interests include all elds of cell biophysics with a particular focus on cellular biomechanics probed by optical traps and scanning force microscopy.

Authors

Horacio Kido
University of California at Irvine Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine, CA, USA hkido@uci.edu

Chapter B.19

Horacio Kido holds BSc and MSc degrees from Stanford University in Biological Sciences as well as a PhD from the University of California at Davis in Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry. He works on microuidic systems for biological sample preparation.

Tobias Kieling
University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig, Germany Tobias.Kiessling@uni-leipzig.de

Chapter D.36

Tobias Kieling received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig, Germany in 2007. He is currently working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Ks on an interdisciplinary project including laser physics, optics, and microuidics as well as cellular mechanics and stem cell separation.

Jitae Kim
University of California at Irvine Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering Irvine, CA, USA jitaekim@uci.edu

Chapter B.19

Jitae Kim received the BSc degree from Hanyang University, South Korea and MS from University of Southern California in 1998 and 2001, respectively. He is currently a doctoral student in mechanical engineering (BioMEMS) at UC, Irvine. His major research interest is CD (compact disk)-based microuidics for sample preparation in nucleic acid analysis.

Jongbaeg Kim
Yonsei University School of Mechanical Engineering Seoul, South Korea kimjb@yonsei.ac.kr

Chapter H.52

Jongbaeg Kim received the BS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea, in 1997, the MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas, Austin, TX, in 1999, and the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, in 2004. He was with DiCon Fiberoptics, Inc., Richmond, CA, from 2004 to 2005, where he designed and developed high-performance optical MEMS components for telecommunication applications. He then joined the Yonsei University, where he is currently an Assistant Professor with the School of Mechanical Engineering. His research interests are modeling, design and fabrication of microsystems, and integrated nanostructures on MEMS.

Nahui Kim
Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology Research and Development Seoul, South Korea nahui.kim@samsung.com

Chapter B.19

Nahui Kim received the MS and PhD degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California at Irvine. She has four years of industrial experience as a circuit engineer. Her recent research work involves a compact disc-based microuidic platform for genetic, molecular, behavioural, and pharmacological analysis of organismal stress response and antidepressants action. Currently she work in the R&D at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology.

1902

About the Authors

Kerstin Koch
Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science Department of Life Science, Biology and Nanobiotechnology Kleve, Germany kerstin.koch@hochschule.rhein-waal. de

Chapter F.41

Professor Dr. Kerstin Koch received her Diploma, PhD and Habillitation (2006) in Biology from the University of Bonn, Germany. The main topics of the research include molecular self-assembly, molecular architecture of plant surface lipids (waxes), biological surfaces, origin and functions of micro- and nanostructures, superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic biomimetic surfaces. Since 2009 she is Professor for Biology and Nanobiotechnology at the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science, Kleve, Germany.

Authors

Jing Kong
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cambridge, MA, USA jingkong@mit.edu

Chapter A.4

Jing Kong is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. Her research interests lie in the synthesis, characterization, fundamental property studies and application with carbon nanomaterials, such as nanotubes and graphene. She obtained her BS degree in Chemistry from Peking University in China, and PhD in Chemistry from Stanford University.

Tobias Kraus
Leibniz-Institut fr Neue Materialien gGmbH Saarbrcken, Germany tobias.kraus@inm-gmbh.de

Chapter A.6

Tobias Kraus currently heads a Junior Research Group at the Leibniz-Institute for New Materials (INM) in Saarbrcken, Germany. With his group, he investigates the mechanisms that create ordered structures at small scales, primarily in systems that contain nanoparticles. He is a Chemical Engineer (TU Munich), holds a PhD in Materials Science (ETH Zurich) and was a postdoctoral associate at IBM Research in Zurich, Switzerland.

Anders Kristensen
Technical University of Denmark DTU Nanotech Kongens Lyngby, Denmark anders.kristensen@nanotech.dtu.dk

Chapter A.9

Professor Anders Kristensen received his PhD in Physics from University of Copenhagen in 1994. He worked at University of London and at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, before he joined the Technical University of Denmark in 2001. His current research on miniaturized sensor and actuator technology includes optical sensing and actuation in nanouidic devices, and nanoimprint lithography.

Ratnesh Lal
University of Chicago Center for Nanomedicine Chicago, IL, USA rlal@uchicago.edu

Chapter C.22

Professor Lal received his MS and M Phil in Physics and Biophysics from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi and PhD in Neurobiology from UAB. After postdoctoral training at Caltech, he was a faculty member at the University of Chicago and the University of California at Santa Barbara before assuming his current position as a Professor and the Director of the newly established Center of Nanomedicine at the University of Chicago. Professor Lal is an authority on biomedical applications of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoscale imaging of complex biological systems. He has presented many international keynote lectures and his work has featured in many popular magazines and news media, including Time, Smithsonian and UPI. Prof Lal was the UTS Invited Professor in Sydney for their BioNanotechnology initiative and a New Zealand Government International Science Scholar. Research in his lab involves the development of nanotechnologies for nanomedicine. In addition to seminal research publications in the eld of nanomedicine, Dr Lal holds several patents based upon AFM cantilever arrays, microuidics, optoelectronics and nanotubes for medical diagnostics and medical nanodevices, nanoscale uid behavior and new TIRF, FRET and related optical microscopy.

About the Authors

1903

Jan Lammerding
Harvard Medical School Brigham and Womens Hospital Cambridge, MA, USA jlammerding@rics.bwh.harvard.edu

Chapter D.35

Dr. Lammerding is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School serving in the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Womens Hospital; in addition he is as a lecturer at the Biological Engineering Department at MIT, teaching molecular, cellular, and tissue biomechanics. His areas of interest include subcellular biomechanics and the cellular signaling response to mechanical stimulation. In particular, he is focusing on how mutations in nuclear envelope proteins such as lamin can render cells more sensitive to mechanical stress, potentially leading to muscular dystrophy in mechanically strained tissues or increased atherosclerosis in vascular cells exposed to uid shear stress and vessel strain. Dr. Lammerding received his BE from the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College, a Diplom Ingenieur degree in Mechanical Engineering from RWTH Aachen University in Aachen, Germany, and a PhD in Biological Engineering from MIT, Cambridge, MA. He completed his post-doctoral training in Dr. Richard Lees laboratory at Brigham and Womens Hospital, Boston, MA before becoming a faculty member at Brigham and Womens Hospital.

Authors

Hans Peter Lang


University of Basel Institute of Physics, National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel, Switzerland hans-peter.lang@unibas.ch

Chapter B.15

Dr. Hans Peter Lang received a PhD in physics from the University of Basel in 1994. As a postdoc, he directed research in the pulsed laser deposition and low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy groups at the Institute of Physics in Basel. Since 1996, he is working as a postdoc at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in the eld of cantilever array sensors. Since 2000, he is a project leader in a project focused on biochemical applications of cantilever array sensors. He has given more than 100 scientic presentations and has published about 110 scientic articles in renowned journals.

Carmen LaTorre
Owens Corning Science and Technology Roong and Asphalt Granville, OH, USA carmen.latorre@owenscorning.com

Chapter D.34

Carmen LaTorre holds BSc and MSc degrees in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. He is currently an engineer at the Owens Corning Science and Technology Center in Granville, Ohio, where his primary focus is on berglass insulation product/process development.

Christophe Laurent
Universit Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse, France laurent@chimie.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Dr. Christophe Laurent is Professor of Materials Chemistry at University Paul Sabatier and is the head of the Nanocomposites and Carbon Nanotubes group of CIRIMAT. His research include in the synthesis, characterization and mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix nanocomposites, and since 1994, carbon nanotubes (synthesis of singleand double-walled CNTs, formation mechanisms, characterization, localized growth, hydrogen storage, ceramic-matrix composites).

1904

About the Authors

Abraham P. Lee
University of California Irvine Department of Biomedical Engineering Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine, CA, USA aplee@uci.edu

Chapter B.20

Abraham (Abe) P. Lee is a Professor in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California at Irvine. He also serves as the Director of the Micro/nano Fluidics Fundamentals Focus (MF3) Center, a DARPA-industry supported research center. Prior to joining the UCI faculty in 2002, he was a Senior Technology Advisor in the Ofce of Technology and Industrial Relations at the National Cancer Institute, and a program manager in the Microsystems Technology Ofce of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). Dr. Lee started his career at Lawrence Livermoore NL and led projects on the treatment of stroke and CBW defense. Dr. Lee received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. His current research is focused on the development of digital micro/ nano uidic platforms for the following applications: biosensors to detect environmental and terrorism threats, point-of-care diagnostics, smart nanomedicine for early detection and treatment, automated cell sorting technologies, and tissue engineering and cell-based therapeutics. Dr. Lee currently serves as Editor for the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems and International Advisory Editorial Board member of Lab on a Chip journal. He served as editor of 4 books, edited two special journal issues, and is author of 5 book chapters. He has given more than 100 invited presentations, owns 33 issued US patents He has given more than 100 invited presentations, owns 33 issued US patents and has published over 100 peer reviewed papers in journals and conference proceedings.

Authors
Wayne R. Leifert
Adelaide Business Centre CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia wayne.leifert@csiro.au

Stephen C. Lee
Ohio State University Biomedical Engineering Center Columbus, OH, USA lee@bme.ohio-state.edu

Chapter B.16

Stephen C. Lee is a pioneer in the eld of semi-biological nanodevices (nanobiological devices), having published the rst monograph devoted to the topic in 1998. His interests are in enabling technologies for the incorporation of functional proteins and nucleic acids into nanodevices, particularly for application in oncology and cardiovascular disease. He is currently Associate Professor of Cellular and Molecular Biochemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at the Ohio State University.

Chapter B.17

Wayne Leifert received his PhD in Membrane Physiology from the University of Adelaide, South Australia. He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomolecular Screening, Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery and other journals in the eld. His areas of interests are in cell and membrane physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology of G-protein coupled receptors. His recent research has focused on the G-protein coupled receptor signalling processes particularly for construction of cell-free biosensors utilizing nano-and biotechnologies to adapt for multiple applications including medical diagnostics and high throughput drug screening.

About the Authors

1905

Liwei Lin
UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering Department Berkeley, CA, USA lwlin@me.berkeley.edu

Chapter H.52

Liwei Lin received the BS degree in power mechanical engineering from National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, China, in 1986, and the MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1991 and 1993, respectively. He was an Associate Professor in the Institute of Applied Mechanics, National Taiwan University, Taiwan, R.O.C., from 1994 to 1996 and an Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Michigan from 1996 to 1999. Since 1999, he has been with University of California, Berkeley, where he is currently Chancellors Professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department and Co-director at the Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. His research interests are in design, modeling and fabrication of micro/nanostructures, micro/ nanosensors, and micro/nanoactuators as well as mechanical issues in micro/nanosystems, including heat transfer, solid/uid mechanics, and dynamics. He is the holder of nine U.S. patents in the area of MEMS. He led the effort to establish the MEMS division in ASME and served as the founding Chairman of the Executive Committee from 2004 to 2005. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

Authors

Yu-Ming Lin
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center Nanometer Scale Science & Technology Yorktown Heigths, NY, USA yming@us.ibm.com

Chapter A.4

Dr. Yu-Ming Lin received the BS in physics from National Taiwan University in 1996, and the MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2000 and 2003, respectively. He was awarded Gold Medal by MRS for his graduate studies in 2002. Dr. Lin joined the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center in 2003, where he is currently a research staff member in the Physical Science department. His research at IBM focuses on the exploration and application of nanoscale electronic devices based on carbon materials. Specic contributions include the understanding of transport characteristics in carbon nanotubes, noise characterization and reduction in carbon nanotube devices and the demonstration of a carbon nanotube ring oscillator. His recent work also involved the fabrication and characterization of graphene RF devices.

Marc J. Madou
University of California Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Irvine, CA, USA mmadou@uci.edu

Chapter B.19

Dr. Madou is a Chancellors Professor at UC Irvine in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. His research focuses on miniaturization science (MEMS and NEMS) with emphasis on chemical and biological applications. Current projects include polymer actuators (for drug delivery), C-MEMS and CD based uidics. Dr. Madou received his PhD from the Rijksuniversiteit, Ghent, Belgium, Solid-State Physics Laboratory in 1978.

Othmar Marti
Ulm University Institute of Experimental Physics Ulm, Germany othmar.marti@uni-ulm.de

Chapters C.21, D.32

Dr. Othmar Marti is a specialist for scanning probe microscopies since the very early days of that technique. His current research is focused on life science, polymer physics and optics and combinations thereof. He has a chair for Experimental Physics and the Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics at Ulm University.

1906

About the Authors

Jack Martin
Foxborough, MA, USA jack.martin@alumni.tufts.edu

Chapter H.51

Jack Martin has been a technologist and manager in research, development and manufacture of industrial MEMS products for over 30 years. His accomplishments include the development of wafer fab and packaging processes that have been used by Analog Devices to produce MEMS products since 1992. He has a PhD in Materials Science, a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering, and is a Licensed Professional Engineer. He holds approximately 50 issued and pending patents.

Authors
Shinji Matsui
University of Hyogo Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry Hyogo, Japan matsui@lasti.u-hyogo.ac.jp

Chapter A.7

Dr. Shinji Matsui is a Professor at the University of Hyogo. He obtained his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from Osaka University in 1981. Prior to joining the University of Hyogo, he worked at NEC Corporation. His signicant works were the demonstration of electron-beam induced deposition and atomic-beam holography. His current research is focused on the three-dimensional nanofabrication by focused-ion-beam chemical-vapor-deposition and nanoimprint at room temperature.

Mehran Mehregany
Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland, OH, USA mxm31@cwru.edu

Chapters A.11, B.12

Professor Mehran Mehregany received his BSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Missouri in 1984, and his MSc and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986 and 1990, respectively. From 1986 to 1990 he was a consultant to the Robotic Systems Research Department at ATandT Bell Laboratories, where he was a key contributor to ground-breaking research in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). In 1990 he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics at Case Western Reserve University as an Assistant Professor. He was awarded the Nord Assistant Professorship in 1991 and was promoted to Full Professor in July 1997. He held the George S. Dively Professor of Engineering endowed chair from January 1998 until July 2000, when he was appointed the Goodrich Professor of Engineering Innovation. He served as the Director of the MEMS Research Center at Case from July 1995 until December 2002. Since January 2003, he has been serving as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department. Professor Mehregany is well known for his research in the area of MEMS, and his work has been widely covered by domestic and foreign media. His research interests are in micro- and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS), including sensors, actuators, micromachining and microfabrication technologies. His additional specialized interest centers on developing silicon carbide as an enabling material for MEMS and NEMS, in particular for applications in harsh environments. Professor Mehregany is the founder/co-founder of several technology companies, including Advanced Micromachines Incorporated (now part of The Goodrich Corporation), FLX Micro, Inc. and NineSigma, Inc.

Etienne Menard
Semprius, Inc. Durham, NC, USA etienne.menard@semprius.com

Chapter A.10

Etienne Menard received an engineering diploma in Electronics from the National Polytechnic Institute of Engineering in Electrotechnology, Electronics, Computer Science and Hydraulics (ENSEEIHT) at Toulouse (France) in 2002. In 2005 he obtained a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris, France) and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) under the direction of Denis Fichou at the Laboratoire des Semi-Conducteurs Organiques (CEA/SACLAY, France) and Prof. John A. Rogers at UIUC. He is currently founding scientist of Semprius, Inc. where he pursues his research interests in exible display backplanes driven by transfer printed micro-ICs, high performance photovoltaic modules using micro-optic concentrators, ultra-high conversion efciency quad-junction solar cells and innovative ultra-thin exible solar technologies.

About the Authors

1907

Ernst Meyer
University of Basel Institute of Physics Basel, Switzerland ernst.meyer@unibas.ch

Chapter D.30

Ernst Meyer is professor of physics at the University of Basel. He is interested in friction force and dynamic force microscopy with true atomic resolution. He is also active in the eld of sensors based upon micromechanics and magnetic spin resonance detection with force microscopy. Awarded from the Swiss Physical Society, he is member of the Swiss and American Physical Society, of the Editorial Board of Tribology Letters, and co-editor of books on atomic force microscopy.

Authors

Robert Modliski
Baolab Microsystems Terrassa, Spain rmodlinski@gmx.com

Chapter H.49

Robert Modliski has been a researcher and manager in the design, development and fabrication of microsystems. He received the MSc degree in Electronics and Microsystems from the Wrocaw University of Technology, Poland in 2001 and his PhD from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium in 2009 while he was at the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center IMEC between 2002 and 2007. His main research activities are in the area of NEMS/MEMS and CMOS-MEMS integrated products with a strong focus on competitiveness, reliability and price, testing and characterization. He was involved in several pan-European research programs on radio frequency MEMS devices, CMOS-MEMS integrated gyroscopes and optical MEMS in cooperation with research centers, companies and universities. At present, he is running a development program on CMOS-MEMS integrated systems, post-process programs on dry release etching and 3-D surface modication of CMOS-MEMS integrated systems being the process development and reliability manager at Baolab Microsystems, Spain.

Mohammad Mofrad
University of California, Berkeley Department of Bioengineering Berkeley, CA, USA mofrad@berkeley.edu

Chapter D.35

Dr. Mohammad R.K. Mofrad is currently on the Bioengineering faculty at the University of California, Berkeley. Professor Mofrad is an expert in the areas of molecular cell mechanics and mechanotransduction, and cardiovascular disease. Dr. Mofrad received his BSc degree from Sharif University of Technology in Tehran, Iran. After earning MSc and PhD degrees from the Universities of Waterloo and Toronto, respectively, he spent two years at MIT and Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital as a post-doctoral fellow. Before joining the faculty at Berkeley, Dr. Mofrad was a principal research scientist at MIT for nearly two years. At Berkeley, he has developed and taught several new courses, including cell mechanics and mechanotransduction, molecular cell biomechanics, biological transport phenomena, and models of cell mechanics: dynamics of the cytoskeleton and nucleus. Dr. Mofrad has co-edited three books on topics related to cytoskeletal mechanics and computational biomechanics, including a recent book on cellular mechanotransduction: diverse perspectives from molecules to tissue. Professor Mofrad is the founder of the Mechanotransduction Knowledgebase Mechanotransduction.org.

Marc Monthioux
CEMES - UPR A-8011 CNRS Carbones et Matriaux Carbons,Carbons and Carbon-Containing Materials Toulouse, France monthiou@cemes.fr

Chapter A.3

Marc Monthioux has been working on carbon materials for more than 20 years. He is involved in research on carbon nanotubes since 1998, discovered the ability of single-wall nanotubes in being lled by foreign molecules the same year, associated with B. Smith and Professor D.E. Luzzi from University of Pennsylvania. He is Director of Research at the French National Center for Scientic Research and European Associate Editor of CARBON Journal.

1908

About the Authors

Markus Morgenstern
RWTH Aachen University II. Institute of Physics B and JARA-FIT Aachen, Germany mmorgens@physik.rwth-aachen.de

Chapter C.24

Markus Morgenstern earned his PhD from the Institute of Interface Research and Vacuum Physics of the Forschungszentrum Jlich, Germany in 1996. After one year of research at the University of Paris VII he joined the Group of Professor Roland Wiesendanger in 1997 as a Senior Scientist. In 2002 he completed his Habilitation at the University of Hamburg with the subject scanning tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductor systems and nanostructures. In 2004 he received the Schottky -Prize of the German Science foundation and started as a full Professor at the RWTH Aachen. Since 1007, he is Scientic Director of JARA-FIT (Jlich-Aachen Research Alliance: Fundamentals of Future Information Technology).

Authors
Seizo Morita
Osaka University Department of Electronic Engineering Osaka, Japan smorita@ele.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp

Chapter C.23

Professor Seizo Morita works in atomic force microscopy (AFM) research. He has discovered two-dimensional friction with a lattice periodicity and two-dimensional solid phase of densely contact-electried electrons on SiO2 thin lms in ambient conditions. He has achieved mapping, discrimination and control of atoms with atomic resolution and also atom manipulation based on a mechanical method using the noncontact AFM apparatus.

Koichi Mukasa
Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo, Japan mukasa@nano.eng.hokudai.ac.jp

Chapter C.23

K. Mukasa is a Professor of Electronics at Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan. In 1980 he joined Alps Electric Co. Ltd, where he worked on the magnetic thin lm heads and materials. In 1987 he moved to the university. His research interests include spin-polarized STM, exchange force microscopy, magnetic force microscopy, Mott spin detectors, nanostructure concerning electron spin and molecular/biological materials and devices.

Bradley J. Nelson
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems Zurich, Switzerland bnelson@ethz.ch

Chapter G.46

Brad Nelson is the Professor of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH-Zrich and is the director of the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). His primary research direction lies in extending robotics research into emerging areas of science and engineering. His most recent scientic contributions have been in the area of microrobotics, biomicrorobotics, and nanorobotics, including efforts in robotic micromanipulation, microassembly, MEMS (sensors and actuators), mechanical manipulation of biological cells and tissue, and NEMS. He has also contributed to the elds of visual servoing, force control, sensor integration, and web-based control and programming of robots. Professor Nelson received a BSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1984, an MSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Minnesota in 1987, and the PhD degree in Robotics (School of Computer Science) from Carnegie Mellon University in 1995. During these years he also worked as an engineer at Honeywell and Motorola, and served as a United States Peace Corps Volunteer in Botswana, Africa. In 1995 he became Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago, Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota in 1998, and Professor at ETH in 2002.

Michael Nosonovsky
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Mechanical Engineering Milwaukee, WI, USA nosonovs@uwm.edu

Chapters D.33, F.42

Michael Nosonovsky is an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. He got his PhD from Northeastern University (Boston) and worked as a Postdoc at Ohio State University and National Institute of Standards and Technology (Maryland). His research interests include surface and contact mechanics, capillary effects, nanotribology, self-organization and biomimetcs.

About the Authors

1909

Hiroshi Onishi
Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology Surface Chemistry Laboratory Kanagawa, Japan oni@net.ksp.or.jp

Chapter C.23

Dr. Hiroshi Onishi is an experimental chemist at the Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology interested in molecule-scale reaction kinetics at interfaces by observing molecules moving and reacting over metal oxide surfaces with time-lapse imaging with scanning probe microscopes. Domestic societies encouraged him with awards to further develop his research towards nano-scale chemistry.

Authors

Alain Peigney
Centre Inter-universitaire de Recherche sur lIndustrialisation des Matriaux (CIRIMAT) Toulouse, France peigney@chimie.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Alain Peigney is ceramic engineer and has a Doctor in physical chemistry. He is Associate Professor of materials chemistry at the Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse, France. His research encompasses the synthesis, sintering and microstructural characterization of ceramics and ceramic matrix nanocomposites. Since 1994 he concentrates on the synthesis of single- and double-walled carbon nanotubes and the preparation of nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes.

Oliver Pfeiffer
Individual Computing GmbH Dornach, Switzerland oliver.pfeiffer@gmail.com

Chapter D.30

Oliver Pfeiffer studied physics at the University of Basel, where he received his PhD for work on energy dissipation of oscillating cantilevers in non-contact AFM. Related to this research eld is the examination of damping of torsional oscillations of cantilevers when approaching the sample.

Haralampos Pozidis
IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Storage Technologies Rschlikon, Switzerland hap@zurich.ibm.com

Chapter G.45

Dr. Pozidis received the PhD in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, in 1998. After working with Philips Research, Eindhoven, the Netherlands, on signal processing and coding for optical storage technologies, with focus on DVD and Blue-Ray-Disc, Dr. Pozidis joined IBM Research in 2001. His research focuses on receiver design for alternative storage technologies, particularly scanning probe microscopy-based techniques.

Robert Puers
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ESAT/MICAS Leuven, Belgium bob.puers@esat.kuleuven.ac.be

Chapter H.49

Professor Robert Puers recieved his BSc degree in electrical engineering in Ghent in 1974, and his MSc degree at the Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven in 1977, where he also obtained his PhD in 1986. From 1980 he was employed as a Research Assistant at the Laboratory ESAT at K.U. Leuven. In 1986 he became Director (NFWO) of the clean room facilities for silicon and hybrid circuit technology at the ESAT-MICAS laboratories of the same university. He was a pioneer in the European research efforts in silicon micromachined sensors, MEMS and packaging techniques, for biomedical implantable systems as well as for industrial devices. At present, he is as a Full Professor at the K.U. Leuven. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 papers on biotelemetry, sensors, MEMS and packaging in reviewed journals or international conferences. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK), council member of the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS), senior member of the Institute for Electric and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).

1910

About the Authors

Calvin F. Quate
Stanford University Edward L. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford, CA, USA quate@stanford.edu

Chapter C.25

Calvin F. Quate received his BS from the University of Utah in 1944 and the PhD degree from Stanford University, Stanford, CA, in 1950. He held positions at Bell Laboratories and Sandia Corporation before joining the faculty at Stanford University, where he has been since 1961. Currently, he is a Faculty Member with the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University. His research interests revolve around the scanning probe microscopes. Dr. Quate is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences, an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society, and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society London. He has received the IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Award in 1981, the Rank Prize for Opto-electronics in 1982, the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1988, the Presidents National Medal of Science in 1992, and the American Physical Society Keithley Award in 2000.

Authors
Oded Rabin
University of Maryland Department of Materials Science and Engineering College Park, MD, USA oded@umd.edu

Chapter A.4

Oded Rabin is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Maryland, College Park. He earned a BA degree in Chemistry from the Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel; an MA degree in Chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel; and a PhD degree in Physical Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. His work focuses on synthesis of nanoparticles and nanowires for thermoelectrics, sensing, and medical imaging technologies.

Franisco M. Raymo
University of Miami Department of Chemistry Coral Gables, FL, USA fraymo@miami.edu

Chapter A.2

Franisco M. Raymo is Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Miami. His research interests lie at the interface of chemistry and biology. In particular, he is developing photoswitchable uorescent probes to image biological samples with nanoscaled resolution.

Manitra Razanimanana
University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Centre de Physique des Plasmaset leurs Applications (CPPAT) Toulouse, France razanimanana@cpat.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Manitra Razanimanana was born in Analalava, Madagascar. He received the 3rd cycle degree, and Doctorat dEtat des Sciences Physiques degree from the Universit Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France, in 1982 and 1986, respectively. Since 2000, he has held the position of professor. He has worked on plasma diagnostics, arc-electrode interaction, transport coefcients and thermodynamical properties calculation.

Ziv Reich
Weizmann Institute of Science HaNesi HaRishon Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot, Israel ziv.reich@weizmann.ac.il

Chapter C.27

Professor Ziv Reich received his PhD at the Department of Organic Chemistry, Weizmann Institute of Science and did his postdoctoral studies at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University. His research concentrates on transport phenomena in biological systems, protein energy landscapes, and single-molecule techniques in applications and development. Professor Reich was elected an EMBO young investigator and is recipient of the TEVA Pharmaceutical Founders and the Yigal Alon awards.

About the Authors

1911

John A. Rogers
University of Illinois Department of Materials Science and Engineering Urbana, IL, USA jrogers@uiuc.edu

Chapter A.10

Professor John A. Rogers obtained BA and BS degrees in chemistry and in physics from the University of Texas, Austin, in 1989. From MIT, he received SM degrees in physics and in chemistry in 1992 and the Ph.D. degree in physical chemistry in 1995. From 1995 to 1997, Rogers was a Junior Fellow in the Harvard University Society of Fellows. He joined Bell Laboratories as a Member of Technical Staff in 1997 and served as a Research Director from 2000-2002. He is currently Founder Professor of Engineering at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he pursues his research interests in unconventional methods for micro/

Authors

Cosmin Roman
ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich, Switzerland cosmin.roman@micro.mavt.ethz.ch

Chapter B.14

Cosmin Roman obtained his electrical engineering diploma from the Polytechnic University in Bucharest in 2002, with a specialization in computer science. Dr. Roman did his doctoral studies at TIMA laboratory, a research lab that belongs to the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble (INPG), working on modeling quantum transport and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-based (CNT) devices for bio-sensing applications. During his career, Dr. Roman has acquired various competences ranging from programming to condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. His current research interests include transport phenomena, mechanics, or more generally the physics of nanostructures.

Marina Ruths
University of Massachusetts Lowell Department of Chemistry Lowell, MA, USA marina_ruths@uml.edu

Chapter D.29

Dr. Marina Ruths is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. She received her Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1996 followed by postdoctoral research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, at the Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research, Germany and at bo Akademi University. Her current research includes adhesion, friction and nanorheology of surfactant, polymer, and liquid crystal systems. She received an ASLA-Fulbright grant in 1991 and an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship in 1998.

Ozgur Sahin
The Rowland Institute at Harvard Cambridge, MA, USA sahin@rowland.harvard.edu

Chapter C.25

Ozgur Sahin received his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey in 2001 and the PhD degree in Electrical Engineering in 2005 from Stanford University, CA. He is currently directing the nanomechanical sensing laboratory at the Rowland Institute at Harvard, Cambridge, MA.

Akira Sasahara
Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology School of Materials Science Nomi, Japan sasahara@jaist.ac.jp

Chapter C.23

Professor Akira Sasahara received his BS, MS, and PhD degrees from the University of Tokyo in 1993, 1995, and 1998, respectively. He is now Assistant Professor in the School of Materials Science. He is interested in local structures formed on solid surfaces and his current research focuses on elucidation of chemical and physical properties of nanoscale structures on metal oxide surfaces and their effect on chemical reaction using scanning probe microcopy.

1912

About the Authors

Helmut Schift
Paul Scherrer Institute Laboratory for Micro- and Nanotechnology Villigen PSI, Switzerland helmut.schift@psi.ch

Chapter A.9

Dr.-Ing. Helmut Schift is head of the INKA-PSI Group in the Laboratory for Micro- and Nanotechnology (LMN) at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Villigen, Switzerland. He studied electrical engineering at University of Karlsruhe, Germany, and the cole Nationale Suprieure de Physique de Strasbourg (ENSPS), France, and performed his Ph.D. studies at the Institute of Microtechnology Mainz (IMM), Germany. After his graduation in 1994, he joined PSI as a research staff member. His work includes all aspects of replication technology, from stamp manufacturing to polymer nanorheology. Since 10 years he is involved in the development of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as an alternative nanopatterning method and has worked in national and international projects. Apart from his research he is giving lectures on Nanotechnology for Engineers and seminar talks on nanotechnology for a non-scientic audience.

Authors
Andr Schirmeisen
University of Mnster Institute of Physics Mnster, Germany schirmeisen@uni-muenster.de

Chapter C.26

Dr. Andr Schirmeisen is head of the nanomechanics group at the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech) at the University of Mnster, Germany. He received his PhD degree in Physics from McGill University, Canada and his habilitation degree from Mnster University. His research interests include atomic resolution imaging of surfaces by non-contact atomic force microscopy, self-assembly processes of organic molecules, nanoionics and nanotribology.

Christian Schulze
Beiersdorf AG Research & Development Hamburg, Germany christian.schulze@beiersdorf.com; christian.schulze@uni-leipzig.de

Chapter D.36

Christian Schulze received the MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig, Germany in 2006. Currently he is working within a cooperation of the Research Department of Beiersdorf AG and Professor Josef Ks, University of Leipzig, on his PhD degree. His research includes the characterization of the mechanical properties of human skin cells and tissues.

Alexander Schwarz
University of Hamburg Institute of Applied Physics Hamburg, Germany aschwarz@physnet.uni-hamburg.de

Chapter C.24

Dr. Alexander Schwarz belongs to the scientic staff of the Center of Microstructure Research at the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Hamburg, Germany. Since 1993 he has experience in scientic research in the eld of high resolution force microscopy and spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures in ultrahigh vacuum and high magnetic elds. He is a Senior Scientist and works on atomic-force microscopy (AFM) with atomic resolution as well as related magnetically sensitive techniques, i.e. , magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and magnetic exchange force microscopy (MExFM).

Udo D. Schwarz
Yale University Department of Mechanical Engineering New Haven, CT, USA udo.schwarz@yale.edu

Chapter C.24

Udo D. Schwarz received his PhD from the University of Basel in 1993 already using scanning force microscopy. Subsequently he moved to the University of Hamburg, specialising on low-temperature scanning force microscopy and nanotribology. After spending a year at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, he accepted a position as Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Yale University in 2002, where he got promoted to Full Professor in 2009.

About the Authors

1913

Philippe Serp
Ecole Nationale Suprieure dIngnieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) Toulouse, France philippe.serp@ensiacet.fr

Chapter A.3

Dr. Philippe Serp is Associate Professor in the Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) at UPR 8241 Ecole Nationale Suprieure dIngnieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologique. After receiving is PhD from Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse, France, in 1994 with a work on the preparation of supported catalyst, he moved to Universidade do Porto to carry out post-doctoral research on catalytic CVD to prepare carbon bers. His current research interests include CVD preparation of nanostructured materials and catalysis.

Authors

Huamei (Mary) Shang


GE Healthcare Milwaukee, WI, USA huamei.shang@ge.com

Chapter A.5

Dr. Huamei (Mary) Shang is development engineer at GE Healthcare. She received her PhD degree from the University of Washington, Seattle, WA, in 2006 and both MS and BS degrees from Dalian Institute of Light Industry, Dalian, China, in 2002 and 1998, respectively. Her current research interests are focused mainly on the processing, design, fabrication and characterization of x-ray scintillation inorganic materials and devices for healthcare applications. Dr. Shang is the author of over 25 publications and 3 book chapters. Her major awards include OBrien Memorial Fellowship, Ford Company Fellowship and the Joint Institute of Nanotechnology fellowship.

Susan B. Sinnott
University of Florida Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gainesville, FL, USA ssinn@mse.u.edu

Chapter D.31

Dr. Susan B. Sinnott is a Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida (UF). She received her PhD in Physical Chemistry from Iowa State University and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining UF in 2000. Her research includes examining the fundamental mechanisms associated with tribology using computational methods.

Anisoara Socoliuc
SPECS Zurich GmbH Zurich, Switzerland socoliuc@nanonis.com

Chapter D.30

Anisoara Socoliuc received her PhD from the University of Basel, where she worked on control of friction on the nanoscale. She is currently application scientist at Specs Zurich GmbH.

Olav Solgaard
Stanford University E.L. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford, CA, USA solgaard@stanford.edu

Chapter C.25

Olav Solgaard received the BS degree in Electrical Engineering from the Norwegian Institute of Technology and the MS and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University, California. He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the University of California at Davis as an Assistant Professor in 1995. In 1999 he joined Stanford University where he is now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering. His research interests are optical devices and systems for communication and measurements with an emphasis on semiconductor fabrication and MEMS technology. He has authored more than 150 technical publications, and holds 18 patents. He is a co-founder Silicon Light Machines, Sunnyvale, CA, and an active consultant in the MEMS industry.

1914

About the Authors

Dan Strehle
University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig, Germany dan.strehle@uni-leipzig.de

Chapter D.36

Dan Strehle received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig, Germany in 2006. Currently he is a PhD student in the Soft Matter Physics group of Professor Josef Ks at the University of Leipzig. His research is focused on the mechanical characterization of biopolymer bundles using optical tweezers.

Authors
Carsten Stber
University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig, Germany stueber@rz.uni-leipzig.de Chapter D.36

Carsten Stber received his MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig, Germany in 2006. The PhD student in biophysics is researching the internal cell structure using optical technologies as well as cell characterization combining Raman spectroscopy and optical traps.

Yu-Chuan Su
ESS 210 Department of Engineering and System Science 101 Hsinchu, Taiwan ycsu@ess.nthu.edu.tw

Chapter H.52

Yu-Chuan Su received the BS and MS degrees in Power Mechanical Engineering from the National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan, in 1993 and 1995, respectively. In 2003, he received the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering with an emphasis on MEMS technology from the University of California, Berkeley,. In 2004, he joined the National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan, and is now an Assistant Professor in the Engineering and System Science Department. His research interests are in design and fabrication of polymer-based nano- and microuidic systems for biomedical applications, including protein crystallization, droplet metering and manipulation, magnetic nanoparticles, and controlled drug delivery.

Kazuhisa Sueoka
Graduate School of Information Science and Technology Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo, Japan sueoka@nano.isthokudai.ac.jp

Chapter C.23

Kazuhisa Sueoka is currently Professor at the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Hokkaido University. His research interests include spin polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy and local spin injection, non-contact atomic force microscopy and surface spin imaging, development of electron spin analyzer and application to scanning electron microscopy, ferromagnetic/semiconductor heterostructure, and fabrication of cantilevers equipped with sensor devices such as magnetoresistance sensors, and single electron transistor.

Yasuhiro Sugawara
Osaka University Department of Applied Physics Osaka, Japan sugawara@ap.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp

Chapter C.23

Yasuhiro Sugawara received his PhD in 1988 from Tohoku University and is Professor in the Department of Applied Physics of the Graduate School of Engineering at Osaka University since 2002. His research focuses on the further development of scanning probe microscopes and their applications, especially the noncontact atomic force microscope for the observation of solid surfaces at the atomic and molecular level. His aim is also to develop new nanomaterials and nanodevices by manipulation of single atoms and molecules using the atomic force microscope.

About the Authors

1915

Benjamin Sullivan
TearLab Corp. San Diego, CA, USA bdsulliv@TearLab.com

Chapter B.13

Benjamin Sullivan is a Biomedical Engineer with a research focus on nanoscale optoentropic transduction mechanisms in order to improve specicity of diagnostic assays. Prior to obtaining his PhD in Bioengineering at the University of California, San Diego, Benjamin spent six years researching molecular proles of the tear lm while at the Schepens Eye Research Institute as an afliate of Harvard Medical School. He is currently Chief Scientic Ofcer of TearLab Corp.

Authors

Paul Swanson
Nexogen, Inc. Engineering San Diego, CA, USA pswanson@nexogentech.com

Chapter B.13

Dr. Swanson is the Vice President of Engineering at Nexogen, Inc. He received his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois. He has designed generations of microelectrode arrays, with and without integrated active circuitry, for the electrophoretic manipulation of charged nanoscaled materials. He is an inventor on patents ranging fromdevices for molecular biological analysis to laser logic devices.

Yung-Chieh Tan
Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine Division of Dermatology St. Louis, MO, USA ytanster@gmail.com

Chapter B.20

Dr. Yung-Chieh Tan received his PhD from the University of California at Irvine. While in Irvine, he developed many techniques for droplet microuidics. He is currently developing micro-transdermal drug delivery devices at Washington University in St. Louis.

Shia-Yen Teh
University of California at Irvine Biomedical Engineering Department Irvine, CA, USA steh@uci.edu

Chapter B.20

Shia-Yen Teh received a BS in Biosystems Engineering from University of California, Davis in 2004. She worked in the biotech industry before pursuing a graduate degree at University of California, Irvine, where she is currently working towards her PhD in Biomedical Engineering, specializing in the eld of microuidics with Professor Abraham Lee. Her interests include multiphase microuidics, monodispersed particle and vesicle formation and their biological applications, and drug delivery.

W. Merlijn van Spengen


Leiden University Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory Leiden, CA, The Netherlands spengen@physics.leidenuniv.nl

Chapter H.49

Merlijn van received the MSc degree in electronic engineering (microelectronics failure analysis) from Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands, in 1999. In 2004 he obtained the PhD degree from the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium, while staying at the Independent Microelectronics Research Institute IMEC. Here he studied MEMS reliability and characterization with a focus on stiction and charge-induced defects. Currently, he is at Leiden University, The Netherlands, working on the application of nanotribological principles to MEMS.

1916

About the Authors

Peter Vettiger
University of Neuchtel SAMLAB Neuchtel, Switzerland peter.vettiger@unine.ch

Chapter G.45

Peter Vettiger joined the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1963. He established and lead the micro/nanoscale fabrication activities for superconducting, electronic and opto-electronic devices. In 1995, together with G.K. Binnig, he initiated and lead until his retirement in 2002 the millipede probe-storage activities. His current research interests include micro/nanomechanical devices and systems based on probe arrays for imaging and metrology, nanofabrication, biology, and probe storage applications. Since his retirement, he still is involved part-time in nanotechnology-related activities at IBM Zurich Research and also at CSEM/University of Neuchatel, Switzerland. He became an IEEE Fellow in 2000 and was honored with a Doctor honoris causa from the University of Basel, Switzerland, in 2001.

Authors
Franziska Wetzel
University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig, Germany franziska.wetzel@uni-leipzig.de

Chapter D.36

Franziska Wetzel received her Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig, Germany, in 2006. She is currently working on her PhD degree in the Soft Matter Physics Laboratory of Professor Josef Ks in Leipzig. Her research is focused on characterizing benign and cancerous cells via mechanical properties using the optical stretcher method.

Heiko Wolf
IBM Research GmbH Zurich Research Laboratory Rschlikon, Switzerland hwo@zurich.ibm.com

Chapter A.6

Dr. Wolf is a Research Staff Member in the Science and Technology Department at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. His research focuses on self-assembly and transfer methods for nanopatterning applications. Dr. Wolf studied chemistry at the University of Mainz, Germany, and at Kyoto University, Japan. He received a diploma degree in chemistry from the University of Mainz in 1992. In 1995, he received a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University of Mainz for work done in collaboration with IBMs Zurich Research Laboratory on self-assembled monolayers. After three years as a Research Scientist in the Polymer Division at Degussa AG, he joined the microcontact processing group of IBMs Zurich Research Laboratory as a Research Staff Member in 1999.

Darrin J. Young
Case Western Reserve University Department of EECS, Glennan 510 Cleveland, OH, USA djy@po.cwru.edu

Chapter B.12

Darrin J. Young received his BS, MS, and PhD degrees from the EECS Department at University of California at Berkeley in 1991, 1993, and 1999, respectively. He pioneered RF MEMS high-Q tunable passive devices for wireless communications. He joined the EECS Department at Case Western Reserve University as an assistant professor in 1999. His main research interests include MEMS device design and fabrication.

About the Authors

1917

Babak Ziaie
Purdue University Birck Nanotechnology Center West Lafayette, IN, USA bziaie@purdue.edu

Chapter A.8

Babak Ziaie received his doctoral degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1994. From 1995-1999 he was a postdoctoral-fellow and an assistant research scientist at the Center for Integrated Microsystems (CIMS) of the University of Michigan. He subsequently joined the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Minnesota as an Assistant Professor (1999-2004). Since January 2005, he has been with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University where he is currently a professor. His research interests are related to the biomedical applications of MEMS and Microsystems (BioMEMS). These include implantable wireless microsystems, smart polymers for physiological sensing and active ow control, micromachined interfaces with the central nervous system, biomimetic sensors and actuators, and ultra-sensitive sensors for biological (molecular and cellular) applications. Dr. Ziaie is the recipient of the NSF Career award in Biomedical Engineering (2001) and McKnight Endowment Fund Award for Technological Innovations in Neuroscience (2002). Dr. Ziaie is a member of the IEEE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Authors

Christian A. Zorman
Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland, OH, USA caz@case.edu

Chapters A.11, B.12

Christian A. Zorman received his BSc in physics and BA in economics from the Ohio State University in 1988, and MSc and PhD in Physics from Case Western Reserve University in 1991 and 1994, respectively. His doctoral research involved an investigation of the secondary electron emission properties of CVD diamond lms for vacuum electronics. Dr. Zorman joined the MEMS program at CWRU in 1994 as a Research Associate and immediately began working in the SiC MEMS area. He was promoted to Senior Research Associate in 1997 and Researcher in 2000. He currently is an Associate Professor in EECS at CWRU. He has been instrumental in the construction of APand LPCVD reactors for SiC thin lms, and has led the development of recipes for the growth of single and polycrystalline 3C-SiC lms for micromachined sensors and actuators. In addition to the development of novel bulk and surface micromachining techniques for SiC, Dr. Zorman was a key contributor in the development of novel polishing, wafer bonding, and low defect density growth processes for SiC. His current research interests include the development of SiC for NEMS. He has published over 120 technical papers, ve book chapters. Professor Zorman is a past chairman of the MEMS Technical Group in the American Vacuum Society and is currently serving as co-chairman.

Jim V. Zoval
Saddleback College Department of Math and Science Mission Viejo, CA, USA jzoval@saddleback.edu

Chapter B.19

Dr. Jim Zoval received his Doctorate in Chemistry from the University of California, Irvine in 1996. Dr. Zoval has both academic and industrial experience. In addition to teaching, Dr. Zoval has worked in the biotech industry during his entire career. Dr. Zoval held positions as a Research Scientist at LightSense Inc., Sr. Project Engineer at Nanogen Inc., Research Specialist at University of California, and Sr. Manager of Special Projects Research at Burstein Technologies Inc. Most of his work has been in the chemical and engineering areas of medical and clinical diagnostic platform development. Dr. Zovals professional publications include 3 chapters in text books, 26 journal publications, and 5 patents.

1918

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