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Adjectives

ADJECTIVE AND VERB

An adjective which is used for clarifying the colour of thing Example: - She has red shirt - His eyes are brown B. Verbs 1. Definition Of Verb Verb is an action word that can take a tense inflection. Tense is a grammatical nation which refers to the way language encodes the semantic nation of time. Example: (1) The builders worked for many days (2) Every day our head of department devours three pizzas

1. Definition of Adjective We have already come across a few adjectives as words that can modify nouns or pronoun by describing, identifying words or quantifying words an adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies. Example: A beautiful flowers Adj N . 1. Formal Characteristic Of Adjective a. Suffix ending, adjective have certain/specific suffix ending such as al, less, y, full, Example: Rational Natural

b.

The words underline are verb, the verb ending ed signals that the verb is in the past tense while s ending encodes a present tense. Verb ending s do not Adjective can be preceded by a modifying only signal tense. The s ending on the verb devour is referred to as the third person singular ending of the words such as very. present tense, and the form of the verb other than the Example: Very helpful third singular is often referred to as the base form.

Adjective can also take comparative and Example: I devour three pizzas superlative. The comparative form of an You devour three pizzas adjective is used to indicate the greater extent The verb in (2) and (2) are called main verbs or while the superlative form indicate the lexical verbs. There are verb which can stand on their maximal extent. own in a sentence, without another verb preceding or Example: Big-bigger-biggest following. Great-greater-greatest Verb that cannot occur independently, but instead function as helping verbs, are called auxiliary. 2. Distributional characteristic Distributional characteristic is occupy two Example: Jeremy is laughing position a. Attributive position, when adjective in a The main verb in this sentence is the ing form sentence preceded noun of the verb laugh. it is preceded by the auxiliary verb is Example: - A beautiful bag (the third person singular form of be). Adj N b. Predicative position, when adjective followed An action verb can be transitive or it can be by linking verb, linking verb is a verb that has intransitive a linking function preceded by tobe or copula Example: - I parked the car ( is, am, are, was, were) The verb conveys a sense of action, and the Example: - The car is blue sentence indicates what I parked. The verb is transitive - I parked bravely 2. The Kinds Of Adjective The verb conveys a sense of action, but the a. Proper Adjective sentence indicates how I parked. The verb is adjective which show noun or proper noun. intransitive. example: - The English language The verb be is intransitive because the verb does not convey a sense of action. b. Descriptive Adjective The word is, am, are, was, were, and been forms of the adjective which show characteristic or verb be. The following sentences are composed with situation someone, animal or thing. intransitive verb that convey a sense of state, do not Example: - A brave girl convey a sense of action, and do not require an object. Example: - Thomas is slovenly c. Quantitative Adjective - I am hungry A verb carries tense is called a finite verb, adjective which show how much thing is whereas a verb that does not carry tense is a non finite purposed. verb. Example: - She ate much bread Example : I devour three pizzas . In the example above devour is a finite verb d. Numeral Adjective because devour has a direct connection with subject. Adjective which show how many noun or in what sequence Example : She is visiting me Example: - Ten men were absent In the example above is is a finite verb because has a direct connection with subject. e. Demonstrative Adjectives visiting is non finite verb because has not a An adjective which limit in using noun for direct connection with subject. people or thing that is expected by adjective. 2. The Characteristics Of Verb Example: - look at that dog across the a. Number street b. Tense c. Voice d. Mood f. Colour Adjective

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