28 views

Uploaded by Nipunika Jain

- Development of a new material with physical, chemical and electrical prospects for improving Connection Systems grounding in buildings
- Tugas XRD 2014
- Shale Analysis for Mud Engineers
- GS 122 2 Crystal Symmetry Modified
- Kuliah 2 Mineral
- App Fp2k Man
- Lec-3.pdf
- What is Quartz Crystal
- b w 24494498
- X Ray Diffraction
- GROWTH AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PURE AND NI2+ DOPED
- structlife
- 1 Basics of X-Ray Powder Diffraction.pptx
- About Cif Files
- WTTW Hemimorphism
- Material Science and Engineering Chapter 4
- 9ABS102 Engineering Physics
- Module I - Materials Process
- PbS 6
- Lecture+3+MAK Crystal+Structure

You are on page 1of 1

2-1 Introduction. Turning from the properties of x-rays, we must now 2-1 Introduction. Turning from the properties of x-rays, we must now consider the geometry and structure of crystals in order to discover what consider the geometry and structure of crystals in order to discover what there is about crystals in general that enables them to diffract x-rays. there is about crystals in general that enables them to diffract x-rays. We must also consider particular crystals of various kinds and how the very must also consider particular crystals of various kinds and how the very

We

number of crystals found in nature are classified into a relatively number of crystals found in nature are classified into a relatively will examine the ways in which the number of groups. Finally, number of groups. Finally, we will examine the ways in which the

way do not possess the essential requirement of periodicity. all solids are do not possess the essential requirement of periodicity. Not all solids are not have any crystalline, however; some are amorphous, like glass, and do not have any crystalline, however; some are amorphous, like glass, regular interior arrangement of atoms. There is, in fact, no essential is, in fact, no essential regular interior arrangement of atoms. is difference between an amorphous solid and a liquid, and the former is solid difference between an amorphous liquid, often referred to as an "undercooled liquid." liquid." often referred to as an "undercooled

orientation of lines and planes in crystals can be represented in terms of orientation of lines and planes in crystals can be represented in terms of symbols or in graphical form. symbols or in graphical form. crystal may be defined as a solid composed of arranged in a patA crystal may be defined as a solid composed of atoms arranged in a pattern periodic in three dimen8ions. such, crystals differ in a fundamental tern periodic in three dimensions. As such, crystals differ in a fundamental way from gases and liquids because the atomic arrangements in the latter from gases and liquids because the atomic arrangements in the latter

2-2 Lattices. In thinking about crystals, it is often convenient to igig2-2 Lattices. In thinking about crystals, it is often their periodic arrangenore the, actual atoms composing the crystal and their periodic arrangeactual atoms composing the crystal nore the, has ment in space, and to think instead of a set of imaginary points which has ment in Space, and to think instead of a set of imaginary points of the crystal a fixed relation in space to the atoms of the crystal and may be regarded regarded a fixed relation in space to the the actual crystal is built up. as a sort of framework or skeleton on which the actual crystal is built up. as a sort of framework or skeleton divided This set of points can be formed as follows. Imagine space to be divided This set of points can be formed as follows. Imagine space to by three sets of planes, the planes in each set being parallel and equally equally three sets of planes, the planes in each set being parallel by set of cells each identical in spaced. This division of space will produce a set of cells each identical in This division of space will produce spaced. Each cell is a parallelepiped, size, shape, and orientation to its neighbors. Each cell is a parallelepiped, size, shape, and orientation to its neighbors. since its opposite faces are parallel and each face is a parallelogram._ The since its opposite faces are parallel and each face is a parallelogram.^ The space-dividing planes will intersect each other in a set of lines (Fig. 2-1), space-dividing planes will intersect each other in a set of lines (Fig. 2-1), and these lines in turn intersect in the set of points referred to above. A and these lines in turn intersect in the set of points referred to above. A set of points so formed has an important property: it consti.tutes a point set of points so formed has an important property: it constitutes a point in space so arranged that each lattice, which is defined as an array of points in 8pace so arranged that each lattice, which is defined as an array of points "identical surroundings*' we mean point has identical 8urroundings. By "identical surroundings" we mean By point has identical surroundings. that the lattice of points, when viewed in a particular direction from one that the lattice of points, when viewed in a particular direction from one lattice point, would have exactly the same appearance when viewed in the lattice point, would have exactly the same appearance when viewed in the same direction from any other lattice point. same direction from any other lattice point. Since all the cells of the lattice shown in Fig. 2-1 are identical, we may Since all the cells of the lattice shown in Fig. 2-1 are identical, we may choose anyone, for example the heavily outlined one, as a unit cell. The choose any one, for example the heavily outlined one, as a unit cell. The

29 29

- Development of a new material with physical, chemical and electrical prospects for improving Connection Systems grounding in buildingsUploaded byElian Segura Carranza
- Tugas XRD 2014Uploaded byBasofi Habibi
- Shale Analysis for Mud EngineersUploaded byHud Mediaa
- GS 122 2 Crystal Symmetry ModifiedUploaded byRicardo Veloz
- Kuliah 2 MineralUploaded byDunaldo Pires
- App Fp2k ManUploaded byRama Gaur
- Lec-3.pdfUploaded bymuawizzat
- What is Quartz CrystalUploaded byshroud222
- b w 24494498Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- X Ray DiffractionUploaded byRisna Wati Hasibuan
- GROWTH AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PURE AND NI2+ DOPEDUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- structlifeUploaded byJoãoMota
- 1 Basics of X-Ray Powder Diffraction.pptxUploaded byMuthu Kumar
- About Cif FilesUploaded bysimbaleo
- WTTW HemimorphismUploaded bytency
- Material Science and Engineering Chapter 4Uploaded byJerc Zaj
- 9ABS102 Engineering PhysicsUploaded bysivabharathamurthy
- Module I - Materials ProcessUploaded byoates151
- PbS 6Uploaded byapi-3753794
- Lecture+3+MAK Crystal+StructureUploaded byPo Kai
- 4. Metall - Evaluating the Potentiality -A. AstalakshmiUploaded byTJPRC Publications
- DELTA_User_Report_2013.pdfUploaded bykambletanaji
- Properties of Palm Oil MargarineUploaded bymcalidonio5656
- Slides Lecture May 17 2017Uploaded byCarlos Gustavo Méndez
- Presentation 1 AUploaded byRichster Lofranco
- CH01-2017Uploaded byangga permana
- 1175001495Lille_jncs06.pdfUploaded byNazeeh Abdulrhman Albokary
- Book RecommendedUploaded byravi
- The Use of X-ray DiffractionUploaded byShahazad Shaik
- Crystal 2Uploaded byapi-3705606

- ._1 ANALYSIS OF HEAVY MINERALS IN SEDIMENTS BY COMPUTER CONTROLLED SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.pdfUploaded byaqib dzulfiqar
- Chapter 10.PptUploaded bymaddy_scribd
- PDG-DWL2500 OM-25520225Uploaded byΜιχάλης Θεοχαρόπουλος
- XFLRUploaded byPranav Bhardwaj
- Virtual AssistantUploaded byapi-121416846
- Theory - Domain + AD + DNS OthersUploaded bySyed Yahya Ahsan
- 2017 Edelman Trust Barometer: Executive SummaryUploaded byEdelman
- whole systems medicine and western herbal medicineUploaded byapi-244342480
- 3-6 Elektra-VLUploaded byluis900000
- B042 Iit JeeUploaded bysuraj
- Eudragit Application Guidelines PDFUploaded byAustin
- Foreclosure Auction2Uploaded byashes_x
- morganmabeycvUploaded byapi-316497581
- Advantage of Vedic MathsUploaded byTamil Arasu
- iready program evaluationUploaded byapi-313620882
- GEO ARCHEOLOGY AREA of MADHAPARUploaded bymadhapar
- Paper-In-Australian-Maritime-Affairs-Number-33Uploaded byRex Tyrannosaur
- 10.10Uploaded byRahul Shrvastava
- Simple ExamplesUploaded bysaree
- Registered Pesticides ListUploaded byBaeyzid Khan
- What is Pragma Autonomous Transaction_ Plz Can u Let Me Know It in a Simple Understandable Way.thanks in AdvanceUploaded bybskrbvkr
- De Va DA Thi HSG Tieng Anh Tinh Thanh Hoa 2011Uploaded byongchamchi96
- Level 11 Passage 1Uploaded byngotrancheetah
- Fall 2014 Graduate Global SCMUploaded bygundala_thejokarthik
- Asymmetric-Circular Shaped Slotted MicrostripUploaded byGowrish Kumar
- PIPING DESIGN ENGINEER INTERVIEW QUESTIONS_-PART-1 _ Oilandgasclub.pdfUploaded byGemail
- Tacmina Dosing Pump Cs2Uploaded byrosi
- Discovery learning PPTUploaded byAhmad Azka Prasetyo
- Comparative study of herbal medicine with allopathic medicine for the treatment of hyperuricemiaUploaded byM.Akram Tatri
- Neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy-related biomarkers in serum and 2015.pdfUploaded byVanessa Cruz