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building and civil engineering structures

2. design of building and civil engineering structures

3. building engineering

4. civil engineering

5. highway engineering

6. railway engineering

7. port ( harbour ) and waterway engineering

8. hydraulic engineering

9. hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering

10. construction works

11. structure

12. foundation


13. foundation soil; subgrade; subbase; ground

14. timber structure

15. masonry structure

16. steel structure

17. concrete structure

18. special engineering structure

19. building

20. industrial building

21. civil building; civil architecture

22. highway

23. highway network

24. freeway

25. arterial highway

26. feeder highway


27. railway; railroad

28. standard gauge railway


1435mm
29. broad gauge railway
1435mm
30. narrow gauge railway
1435mm
31. railway terminal

32. railway station

33. port; harbour

34. marine structure

35. navigation structure; navigation construction

36. light house

37. water conservancy

38. multipurpose hydraulic project; key water-control project; hydro-junction

39. reservoir

40. hydraulic structure; marine structure; maritime construction


41. water retaining structure; retaining works

42. intake structure

43. outlet structure; outlet works; sluice works

44. conveyance structure

45. rcgulating structure; training structure rectification structure

46. hydro-electric station; hydropower station

47. pump station

48. raftpass facility log pass facility

49. fishpass facility

50. safety device


1. mixed structure

2. slab-colume system

3. frame structure

4. arch structure

5. folded-plate structure


6. shell structure

7. space truss structure

8. cable-suspended structure

9. pneumatic structure

10. shear wall structure

11. - frame-shear wall structure

12. tube structure

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13. suspended structure

14. high-rise structure


1. highway

2. highway alignment

3. horizontal alignment

4. vertical alignment

5. route selection

6. route location

7. horizontal curve

8. vertical curve

9. grade change point

10. route intersection

11. permanent way

12. railway location

13. location

14. main line

15. sidings

16. minimum radius of curve

17. grade section



18. maximum grade

19. grade crossing

20. grade separation


1. bridge

2. simple supported girder bridge

3. continuous girder bridge

4. cantilever girder bridge

5. cable stayed bridge

6. suspension bridge

7. trussed bridge

8 frame bridge

9 rigid frame bridge

10 arch bridge

11 submersible bridge

12 pontoon bridge

13 right bridge

14 skew bridge

15 grade separated bridge; overpass bridge

16 viaduct

17 main span

18 approach span

19 curved bridge

20 Ramp bridge

21 combined bridge; highway and railway transit bridge

22 movable bridge

23 single-track bridge

24 double-track bridge

25 bridge superstructure

26 bridge floor system

27 bridge bearing; bridge support

28 bridge substructure

29 bridge tower

30 abutment

31 pier


32 culvert

33 tunnel

34 tunnel portal

35 tunnel surrounding rock

36 tunnel lining


1 dam

2 dam axis

3 gravity dam

4 arch dam

5 buttress dam

6 earth-rock dam; embankment dam

7 concrete dam

8 rubber dam; flexible dam; fabric dam

9 spur dike; groin


10 training dike

11 spillway

12 weir

13 coffer dam

14 hydraulic tunnel

15 deep water intake

16 dam type hydropower station

17 diversion conduit type hydropower staion

18 tidal power station

19 pumped storage power station

20 powerhouse of hydropower station

21 forebay

22 pressure nconduit

23 surge chamber

24 tailrace

25 navigation lock


26 shi lift; ship elevator

27 sluice; barrage

28 caual

29 aqueduct; bridged flume

30 chute

31 drop

32 gallery system

33 energy dissipating and anti-scour facility

34 seepage control facility

35 drainage facility

36. reverse filter

37 turbine-pump station

38 ram station

39 under dam culvert

40 silting basin


41 dike; levee

42 breakwater; mole

43 wharf; quay

44 sloped wharf

45 dolphin wharf

46 gravity quay-wall

47 sheet-pile quay-wall

48 open pier on piles; high-pile wharf

49 floating pier; pontoon wharf

50 dock

51 ship-building berth

52 slipway


1 member

2 component; assembly parts

3 section

4 beam; girder

5 arch

6 slab; plate

7 shell

8 column

9 wall

10 truss

11 frame

12 bent frame

13 rigid frame

14 simply supported beam

15 cantilever beam

16 beam fixed at both ends

17 continuous beam


18 superposed beam

19 pile

20 sheet pile

21 pavement

22 carriageway

23 speed-change lane

24 sidewalk

25. Lane separator


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26. bicycle path
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27. road shoulder
,.,
.
28. subgrade side ditch
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29. () catch ditch ;intercepting channel
,
.
30. drainage ditch
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31. slope protection; revetment
,.
32. retaining wall
,.

33. railway track


,,,,.
34. rail
,.
35. sleeper
,.
36. track skeleton
.
37. bed
,.
38. ballast
(),.
39. turnout
.
40. railway shunting hump
,,.
41. continuous welded rail
.
42. rail fastening
,,.
43. guard rail
,.
44. railway shoulder
.
45. wharf shoulder
,,,.
46. relieving slab
,,.
47. berthing member
.
48. mooring post bollard
,,,.
49. mooring ring

.
50. sluice chamber
.
51. sluice gate; lock gate
.
52. sluice pier
,,,,,.
53. apron
,,.
54. apron extension
,,,
.
55. () stilling basin
,.
56. () roller bucket
, 9 .
57. apron; impervious blanket
.
58. impervious curtain; cut-off
,.
59. sealing ; seal ; waterstop
,.
60. connection
.
61. joint
.
62. expansion and contraction joint
.
63. settlement joint
.
64. aseismic joint
.
65. construction joint

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.


600mm1000mm
200mm300mm
3%5% 30mm50mm


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60120mm



700mm



DQL)

1000mm.

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6-8

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