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Digestion Test Part A: Multiple Choice Choose the correct letter to answer the following questions.
1. Which of these lists gives the correct order for food passing through the body? (A) (B) (C) (D) Mouth------Esophagus------Stomach------Large Intestine------Small Intestine Mouth------Esophagus------Stomach------Small Intestine------Large Intestine Mouth------Stomach--------Pancreas------Liver------Large Intestine Mouth------Liver------Pancreas--------Small Intestine------Large Intestine

2. The process of INGESTION means to: (A) Break down food (B) Take in food into the body by the mouth (C) Get rid of food from the body (D) Chew food in the mouth 3. What is the main function of the Digestive System? (A) (B) (C) (D) To produce enzymes To break down food into smaller pieces that can be used by the body for energy To get rid of waste products from the body To take in food into the body by the mouth

4. Excess water and salts is removed from undigested food in what part of the body? (A) (B) (C) (D) The Heart The Pancreas The Liver The Large Intestine

5. What enzyme is used to break down Carbohydrates (STARCH) ? (A) (B) (C) (D) Protease Lipase Amylase Pepsin

6. What enzyme is used to break down Proteins? (A) Protease (B) Lipase (C) Amylase (D) Pepsin

7. What enzyme is used to break down Fats? (A) Protease (B) Lipase (C) Amylase (D) Pepsin 8. Which row in the table below correctly identifies what each food type is broken down to after digestion?

Protein is Broken down into:

Fats are broken down into:

Carbohydrates (starch) is broken down into: Glucose Calcium Pepsin Fiber

A B C D

Amino Acids Fatty Acids Amylase Glucose

Fatty Acids and Glycerol Starch Amino Acids Calcium

9. What is the function of enzymes? (A) To chew food (B) To speed up digestion (C) To take in food into the body (D) To get rid of food from the body 10. All of the following are Digestive Juices EXCEPT (A) Saliva (B) Chyme (C) Bile (D) Gastric Juice 11. Which enzyme is found in the mouth? (A) Salivary Amylase (B) Protease (C) Pepsin (D) Renin 12. The physical act of chewing food into smaller pieces is called what? (A) Physical Digestion (B) Mechanical Digestion (C) Chemical Digestion (D) Peristalsis

13. Where does the process of digestion begin? (A) Stomach (B) Liver (C) Mouth (D) Large Intestine 14. Which Digestive Juice is found in the stomach? (A) Bile (B) Gastric Juice (C) Intestinal Juice (D) Saliva 15. What is the main function of the small intestine? (A) Remove water from undigested food (B) Absorb most of the nutrients from the food into the body (C) Chew food into smaller pieces (D) To make food 16. What is the name of the structure found in the small intestine that helps in the absorption of food? (A) Villi (B) Pancreas (C) Gall Bladder (D) Pyloric Sphincter 17. What is the function of the acid found in the stomach? (A) Stops salivary amylase from working (B) Makes pepsin work (C) Kills Bacteria (D) All of the above 18. Where is Bile made and stored? (A) Bile is made in the stomach and stored in the Liver (B) Bile is made in the Liver and stored in the Gall Bladder (C) Bile is made in the pancreas and stored in the stomach (D) Bile is made in the small intestine and stored in the large intestine 19. Where does the digestion of proteins begin? (A) Liver (B) Stomach (C) Small Intestine (D) Mouth

20. Circular and Longitudinal muscle fibers are found where? (A) Liver (B) Pancreas (C) Esophagus (D) Large Intestine 21. When waste or feces is removed from the body this process is known as (A) Ingestion (B) Egestion (C) Mastication (D) Peristalsis 22. Which statement about digestion is true (A) (B) (C) (D) Digestion begins in the stomach and ends in the large intestine Digestion beings in the esophagus and ends in the pancreas Digestion begins in the mouth and ends in the small intestine Digestion begins in the throat and ends in the rectum

23. In which parts of the body are digestive enzymes made? (A) Mouth, Liver, Stomach, Small Intestine (B) Mouth, Stomach, Small Intestine (C) Pancreas, Large Intestine, Stomach (D) Esophagus, Liver, Pancreas 24. What are the two main parts of the villi in the small intestine? (A) Jujenum and Pancreas (B) Lacteal and Capillary (C) Amylase and Mucin (D) Bile and Duodenum 25. What is the name of the muscle that allows the stomach to open and close? (A) Bicep (B) Circular Muscle (C) Pyloric Sphincter Muscle (D) Tricep 26. Partially digested food leaves the stomach in the form of small intestine. (A) Bolus (B) Feces (C) Chyme (D) Protein before it enters the

27. The breakdown of large food molecules by the use of enzymes is known as what type of digestion? (A) Physical Digestion (B) Mechanical Digestion (C) Chemical Digestion (D) Peristalsis 28. The process of chewing, biting and grinding up food in your mouth is known as (A) Egestion (B) Digestion (C) Mastication (D) Peristalsis 29. Which digestive juices are found in the small intestine? (A) Saliva, Bile, Gastric Juice (B) Gastric Juice, Pancreatic Juice, Intestinal Juice (C) Bile, Intestinal Juice, Pancreatic Juice (D) Saliva, Chyme, Pancreatic Juice, Intestinal Juice 30. What type of food is made up of glucose molecules? (A) Proteins (B) Fats (C) Vitamins (D) Carbohydrates .

Part C: Short Answer Answer the following questions in complete sentences. 1. Explain how food moves through the Esophagus. What is the name of this process? (2)

2. The diagram below shows the human digestive system.

(a) On the diagram label the stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine, esophagus and salivary glands. (b) Where does the process of chemical digestion begin? (6) (1)

(c) Where does the process of chemical digestion end?

(1)

(d) (i) What is the function of Bile? (ii) Where is it produced? (iii) Where is it stored? (i) (ii) (iii)

(3)

(e) (i) Give the name of one digestive enzyme. (ii) State what food it acts upon, and what it breaks that food down into. (i) (ii) (2)