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Chemistry Exam Eleventh Grade First Term

Part A: Stoichiometry Questions
Name: ______________________________ Grade: _________ Date: __________2012

Time: 1 hour

Select the choice that best answers each question 1. The substances in the table below are frequently used as fertilizers and are sources of nitrogen in the soil. Substance Formula Urea (NH2)2CO Ammonium nitrate NH4NO3 Guanidine HNC(NH2)2 ammonia NH3 Taking into account this information, it is true to state that the substance that contribute the most nitrogen to the soil is (a) (b) (c) (d) Urea because it has 2 atoms of N in each molecule. Guanidine because it has 3 atoms of N in each mole of the substance. Ammonium nitrate because it has 4 atoms of N in each mole of the substance. Ammonia because each molecule contains 3 atoms of N.

Answer questions 2 and 3 using the information provided below. Substance Molar mass (g/mol) 12,0 1,0 16,0


2. According to the equation shown above, it is valid to say that (a) The amount of matter was conserved (c) the number of molecules increased (b) The amount of moles was conserved (d) the number of atoms in each element increased. 3. Considering that there are enough of both reagents, it is valid to say that to produce 8g of CH4 __________ is needed. (a) 16 grams of C (b) 2 grams of H (c) 12 grams of C (d) 4 grams of H

4. This chemical equation represents the combustion of propane. When correctly balanced, the coefficient for water is (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 8 (d) 16 5. How many moles of CH4 are contained in 96.0 grams of CH4? (a) 3.00 moles (b) 6.00 moles (c) 12.00 moles

(d) 16.00 moles

6. How many moles of CO2 would be produced from 56 moles of O2 according to the following balanced equation?

2C2H6 + 7O2 4CO2 + 6H2O

(a) 16 mol CO2 (b) 32 mol (c) 224 mol CO2 (d) 48 mol CO2
Teacher-in-charge: Ogbonna Kingsley


7. In the balanced chemical reaction shown below, what is the molar ratio of O2 to CO2?

C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) 3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g)

(a) 5 to 4 (b) 4 to 3 (c) 3 to 1 (d) 5 to 3

8. What is the percent yield of CO2 if a reaction using 10.0 g CO with excess O2 produces 12.8 g CO2?

2CO + O2 2CO2
(a) 76.40% (b) 78.10% (c) 81.50% (d) 84.40% 9. Which of these is not a reason for percent yield to be less than theoretical yield? (a) Reactants and products might adhere to containers. (b) Competing reactions might form other products. (c) Some product may transform completely into energy. (d) Some product may be lost in the purification process. 10. Balance the "equation" shown by the model below. P and Q are both diatomic elements. If 6 moles of P2 are reacted, how many moles of product will form?

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 6

Read both statements. Then select the best description of the Statements from the list of choices below. Statement I Statement II BECAUSE Every chemical equation obeys the law of conservation of mass. BECAUSE The actual yield in a reaction is usually not more than the theoretical yield BECAUSE The limiting reagent is completely used up in a reaction. BECAUSE The mass of the reactants must equal the mass of the products in a chemical reaction. BECAUSE A mole ratio will always be greater than 1. Option ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

a. Every stoichiometry calculation uses a

balanced equation. b. A percent yield is usually less than 100%

c. The amount of limiting reagent left after

a reaction is complete is zero. d. The coefficients in a balanced equation represent the relative masses of the reactants and products e. A mole ratio is always written with the larger number in the numerator.

Choices: A. Statement I is true. Statement II is true, but is not a correct explanation for Statement I. B. Statement I is true. Statement II is false. C. Statement I is false. Statement II is true. D. Both statements are false. E. Both Statements are true AND Statement II is a correct explanation for Statement I.

Teacher-in-charge: Ogbonna Kingsley


Part B: States of Matter Questions

11. Which sequence has the states of CH3OH correctly ordered in terms of increasing average kinetic energy? (a) CH3OH (s), CH3OH (g), CH3OH (l) (c) CH3OH (l), CH3OH (g), CH3OH (s) (b) CH3OH (g), CH3OH (l), CH3OH (s) (d) CH3OH (s), CH3OH (l), CH3OH (g) Use the graph to answer Questions 5 and 6 Vapor pressure Graph of three substances

12. What is the normal boiling point of Ethanol and Chloroform? (a) 78C and 100C (b) 60C and 100C (c) 78C and 60C 13. Can chloroform be heated to 90C in an open container? (a) Yes because it boils at a temperature below 90C. (b) No because it boils at a temperature below 90C. (c) No because it boils at a temperature above 90C. (d) Yes because it boils at 90C.

(d) 100C and 120C

14. Which statement about atmospheric pressure is true? (a) Atmospheric pressure prevents water in lakes, rivers, and oceans from boiling away. (b) With an increase in altitude, atmospheric pressure decreases as well. (c) The warmer the air, the lower the atmospheric pressure. (d) As air becomes thinner, its density decreases. 15. In a sealed bottle that is half full of water, equilibrium will be attained when water molecules (a) cease to evaporate. (b) begin to condense. (c) are equal in number for both the liquid and the gas phase. (d) evaporate and condense at equal rates.

16. The random molecular motion of a substance is greatest when the substance is (a) condensed (b) a liquid (c) frozen (d) a gas 17. Which of this is an example of an exothermic chemical process? (a) Evaporation of water (c) Photosynthesis of glucose (b) Melting of ice (d) Combustion of gasoline 18. The boiling point of liquid nitrogen is 77 kelvin. It is observed that ice forms at the opening of a container of liquid nitrogen. The best explanation for this observation is (a) water at zero degrees Celsius is colder than liquid nitrogen and freezes. (b) the nitrogen boils and then cools to form a solid at the opening of the container.
Teacher-in-charge: Ogbonna Kingsley


(c) water trapped in the liquid nitrogen escapes and freezes. (d) the water vapor in the air over the opening of the liquid nitrogen freezes out. 19. Under the same conditions of pressure and temperature, a liquid differs from a gas because the molecules of the liquid (a) have no regular arrangement. (b) are in constant motion. (c) have stronger forces of attraction between them. (d) take the shape of the container they are in.

20. Which is true about the gas as the piston in the illustration moves down?

(a) volume decreases, pressure increases (b) pressure decreases, volume increases

(c) pressure and volume decrease (d) volume and pressure increase

21. For a substance to reach its boiling point, a substantial amount of energy must be added. The boiling point occurs when the __________. (a) temperature increases (c) vapor pressure equals atmospheric pressure (b) particle velocity equals the boiling point (d) vapor pressure reaches the critical point 22. The air pressure for a certain tire is 109 kPa. What is this pressure in atmospheres and the height of a column of mercury balanced by this pressure? [1 atm = 101.3kPa = 760 mm Hg]. (a) 1,08 atm; 817,8 mm Hg (c) 0,108 atm; 81,78 mmHg (b) 108 atm; 0,817 mm Hg (d) None of the above Use the phase diagram below when answering questions 23 to 25:

23. If you were to have a bottle containing compound X in your closet, what phase would it most likely be in? ___________________ 24. If I have a bottle of compound X at a pressure of 45 atm and temperature of 1000 C, what will happen if I raise the temperature to 4000 C? ______________________________________________________ 25. Why cant compound X be boiled at a temperature of 2000 C? _________________________________
Teacher-in-charge: Ogbonna Kingsley