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Mrs. HUTCHISON. Mr. President, I rise to speak against the Webb amendment to the bill.

Senator Webb from Virginia spoke earlier about the purpose of this legislation. I believe if we had the time to work on this amendment we could accommodate the Senator's proposed goals for the commission. However, this has not gone through the Judiciary Committee. It is an authorization of a commission--it is called the National Criminal Justice Commission--which is purporting to look at the entire criminal justice system--Federal, State, and local. This is an overreach of gigantic proportions. It is certainly within the purview of Congress to do a national commission to look at the Federal criminal justice system, but to go into State and local governments and purport to examine the criminal justice systems of our States and local governments is far beyond the reach of Congress, and it is certainly not a priority we should meet in appropriations bills when we are already in a deficit and debt crisis in this country. I ask unanimous consent that a letter from the National District Attorneys Association and a letter from the National Association of Police Organizations be printed in the Record. There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in the Record, as follows: NATIONAL DISTRICT ATTORNEYS ASSOCIATION, Alexandria, VA. Please Oppose S.A. 750, The National Criminal Justice Commission Act of 2011 I'm writing you today on behalf of the National District Attorneys Association (NDAA), the oldest and largest organization representing over 39,000 of America's state and local prosecutors, to voice our strong opposition towards an amendment to be offered today by Senator Jim Webb (D-VA) to the FY 12 Commerce, Justice and Science Appropriations bill which would authorize and fund the National Criminal Justice Commission Act of 2011. The amendment to be offered is S.A. 750, which was first introduced by Senator Jim Webb during the 111th Congress. The amendment would establish a Federal Commission to undertake a comprehensive examination of all aspects of America's criminal justice system--federal, state and local--and offer those findings to Congress and the Executive Branch. While NDAA believes that a comprehensive examination of America's criminal justice systems could be useful, we believe that S.A. 750 in its current form is flawed in many different ways: 1. NDAA has major concerns with the formulation and composition of the National Criminal Justice Commission. The 14-member Commission would be selected largely by the current President (5 members), with other members selected by Congressional leadership from both the Majority and Minority parties. NDAA feels that the larger number of Presidential selections would skew the panel to favor one political ideology over another. Additionally, while guidelines

on areas of expertise (for example, ``law enforcement'', ``prisoner reentry'' and ``civil liberties'') in order to be considered to serve on the Commission are contained in S. 306, specific representation from criminal justice practitioners such as District Attorneys, State and local prosecutors, Attorneys General, Chiefs of Police, Judges, Drug Court Professionals, Sheriffs, Police Officers or any other law enforcement practitioner to serve on the Commission would not be mandated. 2. Simply put, NDAA feels that an analysis of America's federal, state and local criminal justice systems cannot be completed in an 18-month period. The 18-month timeframe was selected largely based on the President Lyndon Johnson's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice in 1965. Over the past 45 years, the size and complexities of America's criminal justice system has grown by leaps and bounds and NDAA feels an 18-month window isn't near enough time to complete such a study. 3. NDAA believes that the federal government should never be in the business of auditing state and local criminal justice systems. 4. During these times of fiscal crisis in America, the Commission would require $5 million in new spending to complete its work over the next two fiscal years. Senator Webb's amendment would offset this new spending through the Department of Justice's Office of Justice Program's Administrative Account, which has already received close to a 50% reduction in funding since FY 2010. In addition, many state and local criminal justice programs funded by OJP have been gutted or eliminated over the past few fiscal cycles, including NDAA's National Advocacy Center for State and Local Prosecutor Training and the John R. Justice Loan Repayment Program for Prosecutors and Public Defenders--just two of the hundreds of programs which desperately need funding to provide services for America's communities now instead of funding a 14-member Commission to write a study. It would be fiscally irresponsible to fund such a study while current budget cuts are hitting America's communities hard. It is our hope that you oppose this amendment as it is considered on the Senate floor. If you have any questions or concerns, please feel free to contact me at your earliest convenience. Thank you for all you do for America's state and local prosecutors. Sincerely, Scott Burns, Executive Director.
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NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF POLICE ORGANIZATIONS, INC.,

Alexandria, VA, October 18, 2011. Hon. Patrick Leahy, Chairman, Senate Judiciary Committee, Washington, DC. Hon. Chuck Grassley, Ranking Member, Senate Judiciary Committee, Washington, DC. Dear Chairman Leahy and Ranking Member Grassley: On behalf of the National Association of Police Organizations (NAPO), representing 241,000 rank-and-file officers from across the United States, I write to you to ask you to oppose The National Criminal Justice Commission Act of 2011 (S.A. 750). During the 111th Congress, NAPO did support the original version of Senator Jim Webb's Crime Commission Bill (S. 714). However, over time the bill morphed into a different piece of legislation which NAPO could no longer support. The current proposal mirrors the later language of the 111th Congress, causing great concern to NAPO's members. These concerns, which we share with other law enforcement groups such as the NDAA, include concern over the composition and qualifications of the proposed commission; the unrealistic timeframes called for in the legislation, and the appropriation of funds for the commission at the expense of other, proven, Justice Department programs. Rank-and-file officers are the most visible and immediate providers of government service and protection for Americans. It is in the best interest of our entire nation to ensure they have the support they need to succeed. We strongly oppose the National Criminal Justice Commission being added as an amendment. If you should have any questions or wish to discuss this further, please feel free to contact me, or NAPO's Director of Government Affairs, Rachel Hedge, at (703) 549-0775. Sincerely, William J. Johnson, Executive Director. Mrs. HUTCHISON. Mr. President, the letter from the District Attorneys Association looks at an earlier version of the bill which had a $14 million pricetag and the pricetag on this amendment is $5 million. So with that caveat I submit the letter, because the points the District Attorneys Association makes are very valid except for that one error of the amount of money. However, let's talk about the $5 million. Is it the priority of the Justice Department to have a national commission that purports to go into State and local governments and look at their criminal justice systems at a
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time such as this? They are taking the $5 million from the Department of Justice's Office of Justice Programs administrative account. That is the account that administers the following grant programs, all of which I will not read, but they include: the National Center for Missing and

Exploited Children, Byrne-JAG grants, the National Sex Offender Registry, the Bulletproof Vest grants, the National Stalker Database, and it goes on and on. So the Senator from Virginia wants to take $5 million from the administrators of this account and put it into looking into the criminal justice systems of our 50 States and whatever local governments they would choose to look at. The Senate position is already $118 million for that account, which is $64 million below the fiscal year 2011 levels. The House has put $79 million in this account. We would be taking away $5 million more for us to go to conference with to do an overreach against States rights in order to fund a commission that is going to look into programs, and take away from the fund grants that are so important to so many of our State and local governments, not to mention the people of our country. Let's talk about the budgetary decisions of the States; for instance, New York and Vermont or the State of Virginia or Texas or Alabama. How are we going to look at the criminal justice systems with this national commission and say, Oh, we think the priority for New York State and its prison system or its number of district attorneys should meet the Federal standard? Would that be the same standard for the State of Vermont? This is such an overreach, and it is not a priority in these tight budgetary times, in my opinion. The budgetary decisions of our State and local governments and the criminal justice systems should be done at that level. If there is a massive problem, there will be lawsuits about it. There would be a lawsuit against the Texas prison system. There was one, and it changed the way the Texas prison systems were even built and how much space there was in the cells. If there is a problem, there is a remedy. But we don't need a national commission to come in and tell the State and local governments they have a problem and rearrange the budgetary priorities of those States and local governments. The GAO looked at this bill as a freestanding bill and they said the definition of ``criminal justice system'' is way too broad. A report on the Federal criminal justice system could be valuable to Congress, which I submit I would agree with. Maybe that would be important. But to be effective, the GAO said, such a report should be narrowly targeted on specific features of the Federal criminal justice system such as law enforcement, courts, detention facilities, number of prosecutors, whether there is a victims rights advocate--they can look at a lot of different things, but they should narrow the scope if they are going to be effective. If Congress is to responsibly and wisely use our taxpayer dollars in these economic times, I think it is essential that we narrow the scope. Let me mention something that is also mentioned in the District Attorneys Association's letter, which is something that caught my eye when I read this amendment. The 14-member commission is on its face 7 members appointed by Republicans and 7 members appointed by Democrats. So we have a 14-member commission. On its face, seven from each party would pass muster for bipartisan. However, it has the President of the United States appointing two of the Republican members. If we want a commission that is seven and seven, wouldn't it be more fair or pass the test of bipartisanship if Republicans appoint the Republicans and the Democrats appoint the Democrats? This commission would essentially be nine to five, not seven and seven.

I don't know that we have partisan issues in criminal justice. In some areas we probably do but, in the prioritizing of the budget, probably not. Probably there are political differences in our priorities for the criminal justice system, so if we are going to have a fair commission that purports to have a seven-seven makeup, let's make it seven-seven. The reason we have a rule in this Senate that says we can't authorize on appropriations bills is because we have authorization committees that have hearings, that mark up legislation, that make the necessary changes to accommodate the needs of the majority and the minority and assure that something has at least been vetted. This bill has not been authorized. This comprehensive amendment appointing this national commission to study the criminal justice systems of the Federal, State, and local governments needs a lot of work. I wish to reach out to Senator Webb to work with him to assure that it is a Federal commission looking at the Federal criminal justice system, and perhaps find out what his priorities are for his commission to study, and let's focus on those as the GAO said would be necessary. I would not take the $5 million from the accounts administering the very important grant programs to our State and local governments and to the people who are affected by missing and exploited children, to assure that the State Criminal Alien Assistance program, SCAAP, which helps our border counties in the States that are on the border, accommodate the incarceration of illegal alien criminals. In my State of Texas, the counties on the border don't have the money to incarcerate the prisoners who are illegal aliens and who are Federal responsibility. The administrators of these programs, such as the Mentally Ill Offender Grants, the Cybercrime Economic Program, the Coverdell Forensic Improvement grants, the Adam Walsh Act--we shouldn't be cutting the accounts that administer those programs. That would not be my choice if I had had the ability to work with the Senator from Virginia to accommodate his needs, as an authorization committee would. This should not be in this bill. If we are going to have a 14-member commission--that is 7 Republicans and 7 Democrats--let's have a fair appointment of those 7 members on each side. To say the President of the United States would appoint two of the Republicans and that is an even distribution, it does not pass the test of what appears to be the fairness in the appointment of the commission. So I oppose this amendment, and I would like to work with Senator Webb to have a national criminal justice commission that would focus on the national criminal justice system. We do not need to overreach into State and local governments. We do not need to set the priorities for the budgets of States and local governments. We do not have the capacity to do it. I will guarantee, with 14 members, they are not going to represent 50 States and the needs of the States that are small and the States that have large urban areas and the cities that are dealing with these crimes. We are into vast overreach with this amendment, and it is not the priority, I believe, right now to take $5 million from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children and Byrne grants that are so important to our State and local governments and the border prosecution funding and the SCAAP funding.

It has not been vetted as we require in the Senate. Unfortunately, the agreement that was made between the majority and minority leaders last night said no points of order would be able to be launched against this amendment. I would have raised a point of order because it is authorizing on an appropriations bill. The reason is, it has not been vetted by the Judiciary Committee, which ought to have taken up this bill and corrected the problems in it before it came to be full blown in an appropriations bill. I will reiterate that I will work with Senator Webb. I will work on a national commission that studies the national criminal justice system. If we can pinpoint it carefully to the needs he is trying to meet, I will be happy to work with him on that. I will be happy to work with him on the appointment of the commission. If it is supposed to be seven and seven, let's make it seven and seven, not nine and five. I hope he will withdraw this amendment. I hope the Senate can defeat it, if he does not. Most certainly, if we go to conference with this amendment on this bill, I will do everything in my power to eliminate it, unless it is changed significantly to meet the needs of our country to assure a fair Federal system. We do not need to get into the State and local government
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budgetary priorities in this appropriations bill. I yield the floor. I suggest the absence of a quorum. The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll. The bill clerk proceeded to call the roll.