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Adjectives

Preface
Created for students in the absence of a class teacher, Grammar Bits and Bytes is a comprehensive classroom guide for students in the lower secondary classes who wish to practise grammar to improve accuracy in speech and writing. Each of the exercises is ready-to-use and reproducible and begins with helpful teaching pages that define, explain and illustrate the various aspects of grammar and its usage. These lessons include many review activities that will help in consolidating English language skills.

How to use the module


You can use the units in a number of ways. You might study the explanation and examples first and then continue to the exercises, check your answers in the answer key and then look again at the explanation if you have made any mistakes.

Coordinators
1. Pn. Noorhana bt Hashim Penolong Pengarah Kanan Bahasa Inggeris Sektor Pengurusan Akademik Jabatan Pelajaran Negeri Wilayah Persekutuan Guru Cemerlang Gred Khas Jusa C Victoria Institution Guru Cemerlang (DG54) SMK Padang Tembak Guru Cemerlang (DG52) SMK Desa Tun Hussein Onn

2. 3. 4.

Pn. Vasantha Mallar Narendran Pn. Gurdarshan Kaur Pn. Norashikin bt. Zainuddin

Panel of Writers
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Pn. Hyacinth Foo Mook Keow Pn. Shirley Monica George Cik Cecilia Chnng Eng Lian Pn. Vijayaletchumi a/p Nagalingam Cik Daphne Rosaline Henry Thomas Pn. Nur Azrin Abdullah Cik Khatijah bt. Yaakob Guru Cemerlang SMK Seri Sentosa Guru Cemerlang SMK Datok Lokman Guru Cemerlang Sekolah Sukan Bukit Jalil Guru Cemerlang SMK Kiaramas Guru Cemerlang SMK (P) Methodist Kuala Lumpur Guru Cemerlang SMK Taman Maluri Guru Cemerlang SMK Jalan Cochrane

No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21.

Item

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Date completed

ADJECTIVES

ADJECTIVES ~An adjective describes a noun (a person, an animal, a plant, a place or a thing) and tells us about one of its qualities. Examples : A chubby baby a dusty bedroom a hungry cat an old sofa a tall tree

~An adjective can be placed before a noun or after the verb to be. Examples: An attractive woman walked into the room and caught everyones attention.

adjective

noun(subject)

My eldest sister is attractive.

Verb to be

adjective

~When we use two or more adjectives from different groups before a noun, we follow this order : OPINION SIZE AGE SHAPE COLOUR ORIGIN MATERIAL NOUN Beautiful Big Old Round Brown Malaysian Wooden Table nice small new square green Indian silk scarf

F A C T

Examples : 1. My uncle has a big, old, round, wooden table. 2. Mrs. Tan bought a new, green, Indian, silk scarf. 4

Exercise 1.1 : Choose the suitable adjectives from the table below to describe the nouns in these pictures. Write the adjective before each noun. sharp blind fat black winding round small beautiful tall

__________ car

___________ flower

__________ clock

___________ boy

__________building

__________ man

__________ bird

__________ knife

_________ river

__/ 9 marks

Exercise 1.2 Exercise 1.2.1 : Match the adjectives in Column A with the nouns in Column B. Column A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. loud angry expensive rough long hardworking tasty fried heavy Column B sea soup girl journey music neighbour bag watch rice

Exercise 1.2.2 : Then, use the phrases above to complete the sentences below. The first sentence is an example. 1. Nowadays, most teenagers love to listen to loud music. 2. The ____________________ at this stall is really delicious. 3. My ____________________ stormed out of his house after a quarrel with his son. 4. Jamil helped his mother to carry the ___________________ to the bedroom. 5. Mrs Chan prepared a pot of _____________________ for her family last night. 6. Everyone was exhausted after the _____________________ from Kuala Lumpur to Cameron Highlands. 7. Jeswant is a ________________________ because she always helps her grandmother with the housework. 8. Puan Salmah received an _______________________ for her birthday last week. 9. The fishermen could not go fishing because of the ____________________ .

__/ 9 marks

2. COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES ~ There are three degrees of comparison. 1. When describing an object, we use the positive form of the adjective. Example : bright, long, narrow, tall 2. When describing two objects, we use the comparative degree of the adjective. Example : brighter, longer, narrower, taller 3. When describing more than two objects, we use the superlative degree of the adjective. Example : brightest, longest, narrowest, tallest

Exercise 2.1 : Complete the table below. POSITIVE broad cold 1. high 2. rich 3. short 4. smart 5. strong 6. weak ~In the following examples, the y changes to ier in the comparative degree and iest in the superlative degree. Exercise 2.2 : Complete the table below. POSITIVE angry early 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. easy greedy happy dirty heavy pretty COMPARATIVE angrier earlier SUPERLATIVE angriest earliest COMPARATIVE broader colder SUPERLATIVE broadest coldest

~Usually with adjectives having two or more syllables, we add more in the comparative degree and most in the superlative degree.
__/12 marks

Exercise 2.3 : Complete the table below. POSITIVE careful patient handsome comfortable generous intelligent wonderful gentle COMPARATIVE more careful more patient SUPERLATIVE most careful most patient

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Exercise 2.4 : Fill in the blanks with the correct degree of the adjective. 1. Ranjit says that his brother is an ___________________ boy. (intelligent) 2. This chicken curry is _____________________ than the one sold near my house. (delicious) 3. Which is the __________________ river in Malaysia? (long) 4. Encik Rahmans __________________ son is an army officer. (young) 5. Mr. David can afford a new car every month because he is the _______________ man in town. (wealthy) 6. The grass growing in our neighbours garden is ________________ than ours. (green) 7. The football match we watched last night was the ______________________ this season. (exciting) 8. We enjoyed ourselves very much because it was a __________________ trip. (pleasant)

__/ 8 marks

Exercise 2.5 : Rearrange the words to make correct sentences. Then write out the sentences. 1. some blue There big is water pail in the _________________________________________________________________ 2. is prettiest the in This dress shop the _________________________________________________________________ 3. a animal big The grey is elephant __________________________________________________________________ hair has long Susan black __________________________________________________________________ dirty plates wash those Please __________________________________________________________________ bigger a apple than An grape is __________________________________________________________________ the tallest in is Sulaiman boy class __________________________________________________________________ bought marbles some I red small __________________________________________________________________ Ali hardworking more brother his than is __________________________________________________________________

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. into the An huge tree old car crashed ___________________________________________________________________

__/ 10 marks

Exercise 3 Read the passage below. Identify twelve adjectives and look for the nouns that they describe. Write the adjectives and the nouns in the table. It was a cold morning. I pushed aside the floral curtain and peeped out of the glass window. I saw a large bird on the thin branch of a tall tree. It was a swallow with two white streaks on its tail. Next to it was a tiny swallow in a nest. The big bird flapped her wings, flew a short distance and returned. Then, she pecked at her baby and he flapped his little wings but they were not strong enough to lift him. His patient mother continued to peck at him gently and he tried to fly again.

NOUNS

ADJECTIVES

Exercise 4 A word is missing in each line. Put a / where the word should be at. Write the word in the space provided. Salim and Wani were walking along a / road to go back to their house. They noticed a lady hurrying past them. Then, she walked towards some bushes and disappeared. As they walked nearer, they heard a noise coming from the bushes. Salim picked up a stick and crept slowly towards the bushes. Wani clutched her bag tightly and followed Salim. They were shocked to find the lady crying into her handkerchief. She was kneeling beside a boy lying on the grass. There was blood all over him. Salim and Wani screamed and turned to run. A car nearly crashed into them. Just then, they heard voices calling out their names. They stopped and saw their friends, Devi and Zai. Devi was waving her handkerchief and Zai was wiping the paint from his face. Salim and Wani realised that it was a joke. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 quiet

__/ 12 marks

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ANSWERS 2. ADJECTIVES Exercise 1.1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. small beautiful round fat tall blind black sharp winding

Exercise 1.2.1 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. angry neighbour expensive watch rough sea long journey hardworking girl tasty soup fried rice heavy bag

Exercise 1.2.2 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. fried rice angry neighbour heavy bag tasty soup long journey hardworking girl expensive watch rough sea

Exercise 2.1 1. 2. 3. 4. higher, highest richer, richest shorter, shortest smarter, smartest 11

5. stronger, strongest 6. weaker, weakest Exercise 2.2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. easier, easiest greedier, greediest happier, happiest dirtier, dirtiest heavier, heaviest prettier, prettiest

Exercise 2.3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. more handsome, most handsome more comfortable, most comfortable more generous, most generous more intelligent, most intelligent more wonderful, most wonderful more gentle, most gentle

Exercise 2.4 1.intelligent 2.more delicious 3.longest 4.youngest 5.wealthiest 6. greener 7. most exciting 8. pleasant

Exercise 2.5 1. There is some water in the big blue pail. 2. This is the prettiest dress in the shop. 3. The elephant is a big grey animal. 4. Susan has long black hair. 5. Please wash those dirty plates. 6. An apple is bigger than a grape. 7. Sulaiman is the tallest boy in class. 8. I bought some small red marbles. 9. Ali is more hardworking than his brother. 10. An old car crashed into the huge tree. 12

Exercise 3 NOUNS morning curtain window bird branch tree bird swallow bird short wings mother ADJECTIVES cold floral glass large thin tall two white streaks tiny big distance little patient

Exercise 4 Salim and Wani were walking along a quiet road togo back to their house. They noticed a thin lady hurrying past them. Then, she walked towards some thick bushes and disappeared.. As they walked nearer, they heard a loud noise coming from the bushes. Salim picked up a long stick and crept slowly towards the bushes. Wani clutched her leather bag tightly and followed Salim. They were shocked to find the lady crying into her blue handkerchief. She was kneeling beside a fat boy lying on the grass. There was blood all over him. Salim and Wani screamed and turned to run. A speeding car nearly crashed into them. Just then, they heard familiar voices calling out their names. They stopped and saw their good friends, Devi and Zai. Devi was waving her handkerchief and Zai was wiping the red paint from his face. Salim and Wani realized that it was a silly joke.

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