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ESAD Technology Benefits to ISDs

ESAD Technology Benefits to ISDs


Brief Personal Note, A Tragic Accident MIL-STD-1901A Requirements Typical ISD System, Safety Concern and Possible Remedy Traditional Out-of-Line ISD Out-of-Line Disadvantages New Component Requirements Inline ISD Architectures Conclusions

A Tragic Accident
Fire Aboard the Aircraft Carrier USS Forrestal (CV 59)
Date: 29 July 1967 Time: 10:50 AM Cost: $72.1 M (1967), Lives Lost: 134 Seriously Injured: 64

$350 M (2005)

Source: Naval Weapons Center Report, China Lake, CA, January 1975

USS Forrestal (CV-59) July 29, 1967

USS Forrestal (CV-59) July 29, 1967

USS Forrestal (CV-59) July 29, 1967

USS Forrestal (CV-59) July 29, 1967

A GOOD DOCUMENTARY

SAILORS TO THE END


By

GREGORY A. FREEMAN
Harper Collins Publishers

MIL-STD-1901A Requirements Revised June of 02


Traditional Out-of-Line Still Acceptable Slight Revisions to In-Line Requirements Range of Application is Most Significant Change (Par. 4.2.a)
Safety Analysis is no longer a basis for non use of an ISD

1 Amp -1 Watt In-Line No Longer Acceptable An ISD is Now Mandatory for New Exploratory, Advanced Engineering, and Operational System Developments. Par. 1.2

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Typical ISD System


Launcher Control
Intent to Launch: Target Recognition/ Identification Executive Decision Computer Decision Safety Interlocks Removed: Multiple Key Locks Guarded Toggles/ PushButtons Safety Pins Launch Command Issued

ISD
Ignition Safety Device

Electrical Interface

Safety Features: Out-of-Line Energetics Safety Shorts Insensitive 1 A/1 W Squibs Deflagrating Output

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Typical Interface Details


ARM (+28 VDC)

Launch Control

Fire (+28 VDC)

ISD

Return
SHIELD

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Improved Interface
ARM (+28 VDC)

Launch Control

Fire (Serial Interface)

ISD

Return
SHIELD

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Traditional Out-of-Line ISD


Simple Operation:
Arm Command (Solenoid Power) Fire Command (Firing Energy) Status Feedback Current Limit Feature

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Out-of Line Disadvantages


Minimal Safety (Arm-Fire Device) Often Large and Heavy Physical Location Restricted to Near Ignition Point High Current Requirements Spring or Motor Driven Return to Safe Condition Relatively Expensive
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New Component Requirements


EFDI (Exploding Foil Deflagrating Initiator)
LEEFI with HNS-4 to BKNO3 Transition Based on Slapper Detonator Technology for Warheads Now Under Development and Qualification

Flyer High Voltage Pulse Slapper Bridge HNS-IV Pellet BKNO3 Deflagration

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New Component Requirements


EFDI In Standard LEEFI Package
M ODEL LI7010 LIgniter
Patent Pending P.O. Box 1229, M iddletown, CA 95461 Phone: (707) 928-5244 Fax: (707) 928-5033 E-mail: office@ reynoldssystems.com

Igniter for
Rocket Motors Gas Generators Pressure Cartridge Pyrotechnic Actuators, Ejectors, Pin Pullers, Valves and other piston driven devices.
3 Xactual size

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Part of Slapper Geometry


Zero Size Near Zero Cost

New Component Requirements IPS (Integrated Planar Switch)

ARDEC Funded Development Now in Advanced Development Low Risk for Qualification
Passed Engineering Env. Testing Based on Fully Qualified LEEFI

Enhances Safety
MIL-DTL-23659

Requires a Hermetic Seal

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New Component Requirements

IPS Operation
Electrical
+V increased to exceed breakdown voltage of gap Breakdown voltage set by gap size Other characteristics set by surrounding circuitry
Gap

LEEFI Bridge

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New Component Requirements IPS (Integrated Planar Switch)


V
High Voltage Vmax Vmin

Jitter

IPS Threshold Jitter

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IPS ENVIRONMENTAL TEST


Tested to LEEFI Levels
Cold -65 F Hot +160 F Shock 2000g .5 ms Vibe F15 Buffet MILSTD-810

Test Results
60 for 60 (30 hot, 30 cold)

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Self-Contained ISD
Single Unit Possible Drop-in Replacement Location Restricted All components at Ignition Point
Control
EFDI
Safety Logic HV Converter Energy Storage HV Switch

Deflagrating Output

Power ISD Module

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Remote Ignition Module


Simplest Remote Configuration Low Cost Ignition Module Requires Stripline Connection Limited Separation Distance
C o n tro l S trip lin e

S a fe ty L o g ic H V C o n v e rte r E n e rg y S to ra g e H V S w itc h
Pow er

EFDI

IS D M o d u le

Ig n itio n M o d u le

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Remote Ignition Module with IPS


Low Cost Switch Located in Ignition Module Stripline Required Safety Enhanced by IPS
C o n tro l H ig h V o ltag e
E F D I / IP S

IP S

S afety L o g ic H V C o n verter E n erg y S to rag e


P o w er

S trip lin e
EFDI

R etu rn

IS D M o d u le

Ig n itio n M o d u le

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Ignition Module with IPS and Energy Storage


No Strip-line Requirement Can Remote to Long Distance
EFDI / IPS Control High Voltage IPS

Safety Logic HV Converter

High voltage Capacitor

EFDI

Power

Return

ISD Module

Ignition Module

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ISD /ESAD Combination


SAFETY E N V IR O N M E N TS

W ARHEAD TR IG G E R M IS S IL E C O M M U N IC A T IO N POW ER

E LE C TR O N IC S A FE A R M D E V IC E (E S A D )
(M IL-S TD -1316)

D E TO N A TIO N O U TP U T

W ARHEAD IN IT IA TIO N

ARM
(D Y N A M IC D R IV E )

FIR E

POW ER

FE E D B A C K
(O P TIO N A L)

POW ER

R E TU R N

IN -LIN E IG N ITIO N S A FE TY D E V IC E (IS D )


(M IL-S TD -1901)

H igh Voltage to Ignition M o dule

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Conclusions
ISD Safety Evolution Has Been Slow New Devices and Warhead ESAD Technology Is Ready to Offer Improvements in:
Safety Reliability Design Flexibility Weight Cost
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