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CHAPTER-1 (Indian economy on the eve of independence) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. WhendidIndia achieve independence?

What was the purpose of the British colonial rule in India? What type of Indian economy was at the time when Britishers came to India? What was the main aim of the Zamindars? Name some notable economists who estimated Indias per capita income during the colonial period. 6. What was the adverse effect of partition at the time of independence? 7. What was the main cause of stagnation in the agricultural sector during the British rule? 8. What was the intension of the Britishers regarding industrial development in India? 9. Which industries were set up in India after the Second World War? 10. Which Industries were set in India during the second half of the 19thcentury? 11. Name the first iron and steel industry in India? 12. What are capital goods industries? 13. What factors are responsible for limited foreign trade of India? 14. What was the main characteristic of Indias foreign trade throughout the colonial period? 15. Why half of Indias foreign trade was restricted to British in pre-independence period? 16. Why was the population growth rate not high before 1921? 17. What is occupational structure? 18. When was Indias first official census operation undertaken? 19. Which is regarded as the defining year to make the demographic transition from its first to the second decisive stage? 20. What are primary occupations? 21. What activities are included in the primary sector? 22. What is the secondary sector? 23. What is the tertiary sector? 24. What was the motive behind the infrastructure development during the British rule? 25. What was the objective of Britishers to develop roads in India? 26. What do you mean by colonialism? 27. What are the invisible items of balance of payment? 28. What is tariff? 29. What is the first stage of demographic transition? 30. Define land settlement. 31. What is the commercialization of agriculture? 32. Write two main characteristics of Indian economy before the British rule in India? 33. Write any twomethods of exploitation during the British rule? 34. Define mortality rate 35. Define infant mortality rate? CHAPTER-2 (Indian Economy 1950-1990) 1. Why agriculture is called the backbone of Indian economy?

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What is meant by agriculture? Write twocauses of backwardness of Indian agriculture ? What do you mean by land reforms? What is consolidation of holdings? What is Green Revolution? Name the factors that have attributed to the increase in the agricultural production. What is Karve Committee? What is food problem? What is meant by industrial policy? When was the first industrial policy introduced after independence? What is meant by small scale industries? What are cottage industries? Why are small scale and cottage industries important in Indian economy? How many industries were included in schedule A of 1956 industrial policy? When was New Industrial Policy (NIP) announced? Give two features of NIPpolicy? Why did India opt for planning? Why should plans have goals? What are miracle seeds? What is marketable surplus? What was the main objective of industrial licensing? Give two reasons responsible for the failure of the concept of land ceiling. Define quotas.

CHAPTER-5 (Human Capital formation in India) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Mention the main forms of development of human recourses. What do you mean by health? What is social infrastructure? What is meant by human resourcedevelopment? Why is technical education? When was New Education Policy announced? Tell the name of two communicable diseases prevalent in India. On what factors does economic development depend on? Name two things included in social infrastructure? Name two factors which improve the efficiency and productivity of people? Write two benefits of education? What are the functions of general education and technical education (any two)? Write one function of medical education? Write any two functions of education? What is the objective of National Policy of education? What is SSA?

17. What is non-formal education? 18. What are the two major sources of human capital in a country? 19. Nametwo factors contribute to human capital formation? CHAPTER-6 (Rural Development) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Which is the major source of livelihood in the rural sector? Define rural development. How rural development can be done? Expand the term GDP. Give two reasons of declining share of agriculture in GDP of India. What do you mean by agriculture marketing? Why the co-operative marketing could not gain momentum in India? Define agro-processing industries. Give two examples of the alternative channels available for agricultural marketing? Explain the term Golden Revolution.

CHAPTER-7 (Employment-Growth,Informalisation and other issues) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. Who is a worker? What do you mean by unemployment? What types of unemployment is found in underdeveloped countries? What is structural unemployment? What do you mean by seasonal unemployment? What is the open unemployment? What is educated unemployment? What is technical unemployment? What is disguised unemployment? What are the main causes of educated unemployment? Who developed the concept of unemployment in India? What is the main cause of urban unemployment? What types of unemployment are found in rural sector of the country? What is usual status unemployment? What type of workers are construction workers? What is current weekly status unemployment? Why do people work? What is Gross Domestic Product? What is Gross National Product? What is current daily status unemployment? What are economic activities? Why the women are not called the workers? What is meant by population in economics? Define worker population ratio?

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Who are self-employed persons? Who are regular salaries workers? What are the different sectors of the economy? Which sector is the main source of employment in India? Who are informal sector workers? Is beggar a worker? The newly emerging jobs are found mostly in which sector. An establishment with four hired workers is known as

CHAPTER-8 (Infrastructure) 1. What services are provided by infrastructure? 2. What are the types of economic infrastructure? 3. What is economic infrastructure? 4. What is the relationship between infrastructure and production? 5. What are the sources of energy? 6. What are the sources of production of electricity? 7. What are the main coal users in the country? 8. What is LPG? 9. What is lignite? 10. What is bio-energy? 11. What is bio-mass? 12. What is bio-gas? 13. What is solar energy? 14. What is the solar thermal programme? 15. What do you understand by wind energy? 16. Write the names of four atomic energy plants in India. 17. What is solar photovoltaic programme? 18. What is health ? 19. What are the communicable diseases ? 20. What is the role of primary healthcare Centre? 21. What has been done by the government for rural health care system? 22. What is the role of community health center? 23. Who provides primary health care in rural areas? 24. Write one advantage of development of health infrastructure? 25. Write two functions being played by private sector in health care ? 26. Write two problems in private sector health services? 27. List out the any two systems of Indian medicine? 28. What are included in health infrastructure? 29. Define social infrastructure? 30. What is the female literacy rate in India? 31. What is the literacy of India according to 2001 census?

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What was the literacy rate in 1951? What was the female literacy rate in 1951? Which state has the lowest literacy rate in 2001? What is morbidity? How much is the consumption of commercial energy present in India?

CHAPTER-9 (Environment and Sustainable Development) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What is meant by environment? Two major environmental issues facing the world today. What is sustainable development? Explain Chipko Movement? How development can be termed as leading to unsustainable development? Explain in brief supply demand relationship between development and environment? What is Appiko Movement? What is plimsoll line of the ship. What is the absorptive capacity? What is global warming?

CHAPTER-10 (Development Experiences of India: A Comparison with neighbors) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Mention two examples of regional and economic groupings. Explain two areas where Pakistan has surpassed India? Explaintwo areas where India has surpassed Pakistan? What is the type of Indian economy? What do you know about GLF? Mention two indicators of human development? Give the proportion of agriculture in the Indian economy? STATISTIC IN ECONOMICS CHAPTER-11(Introduction to Statistics) Define statistics. Give the meaning of statistics in singular sense. What is quantitative variables? Write any two statistical tools ? Give the meaning of organization of data. What do you mean by the interpretation of data? Give three features of statistics in terms of numerical data. Write any twoimportance of statistics in economic planning? Why statistics is considered essential for banking? What is meant by the distrust of statistics? Give two reasons of distrust of statistics? Is statistics a science or an art? Define the statistics in plural form?

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Give meaning of qualitative data? Give two examples of qualitative data? What is meant by primary function of statistics? Mention important statistical methods? Explain twofunctions of statistics? How statistics is useful in decision making? Write two techniques of collection of data? Define economics? CHAPTER-12 (Collection of data) Define the terms investigator Define the termenumerator Define the term respondent. Define random sampling. Define the term haphazard sampling? Suppose there are ten students in your class. You want to select three out of them. How many samples are possible? Does the lottery method always give you a random sample What is meant by data? What is meant by sample? What is meant by sampling method? What is census method? Explain the meaning of primary data clearly. What are secondary data? Name the different method of collecting primary data. Mention the important sources of collecting secondary data. Explain the sample method. Define the sampling errors. What are statistical tools? What do you mean by organization data? Define interpretation of data? What is meant by universe or population in statistics? What are the two methods of data collection? State one disadvantage of direct personal investigation? What do you understand by indirect oral investigation? Why is population needed while making used secondary data? What are based errors? What is meant by random sampling? What is meant by class interval? Give the meaning of inclusive and exclusive series? What do you meant by frequency? What are data published by the Central Statistical Organisation called? State one advantages of direct personal investigation.

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Give one advantage of indirect oral investigation. Give one disadvantage of indirect oral investigation. What is stratified sampling What is quota sampling Define individual series. Define discrete series. Define continuous series. Define frequency. What is meant by frequency distribution? What is meant by a class? What are the extreme values of a class? Define mid-values. What does sample in statistics mean? State two merits of sampling method. Name two methods of published sources of data. What are the merits of simple random method? Explain the questionnaire method of collecting data. Name the different methods of collecting primary data. CHAPTER-13 (Organisation of Data) What is classification? What do you understand by raw data? What is frequency? What do you understand by the term array? What is a series? What are the three types of series? What is raw data? What are tally lines? What is array? What is a class? What is the class limit? What is range? What is mid-value? Write in ascending order: 9 15,6,53,25. Write in descending order: 10,16,7,6,9,26. What is discrete series? What is individual series? What is continuous series? What is class interval? What is class frequency? What do you understand by open end classes? What is frequency distribution? What is cumulative frequency series?

24. What is quantitative classification? 25. What is qualitative classification? 26. Give two types of classification. CHAPTER-14 (Presentation of Data) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. CHAPTER 15 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. What does central tendency refer to? Enumerate any two essentials of a good average. Name the two statistical measures of central tendency. Give one demerit of arithmetic mean. How is arithmetic mean defined? Write down the formula for calculating mean for ungrouped data. Write down the formula for calculating weighted average (mean). Write down an interesting property of A.M. Give a formula for calculating A.M in continuous series. Give the formula of calculating corrected A.M What is A.M of5,6,7,8,9 What is the first important rule for calculating median. Name any two positional values. What is median. Write down the formula for locating the median from median group. Give two merits of median. Give the meaning of tabulation? Explaintwo objectives of tabulation. Explain open-end classes. Give two advantages of tabulation. Define diagrams Define graphs. Give two advantages of diagrammatic representation of data. Give two limitations of diagrammatic representation. Why bar diagrams is one dimensional? Give two limitations of bar diagrams. Define simple bar diagrams. What are multiple bar diagrams? Define component or sub-divided diagram. Explain percentage bar diagram. Explain Pie-diagram. Explain Histogram. Define variable. Define ogive.

17. 18. 19. 20. 21. CHAPTER 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Give two demerits of median. What is partition values What are quartiles. What are percentiles. What is mode. Find the mode from 1,2,4,4,3,5

Which measure of dispersion is the best? What is standard deviation? What is variance? Name any one method to calculate Standard deviation. Write down the unique feature of variance. What is dispersion? What is measure of dispersion? Name the important measure of dispersion. Define range. Define quartile deviation. Write down the unique feature of mean deviation. What is coefficient of variation? Write down the formula of calculating co-efficient of variance? What does higher value of range imply? What is Lorenz curve? What do mean deviation and standard deviation calculate? Which aspect of distribution is indicated and which is not indicated by the averages? Name the measure based on the spread of values? Give two limitation of range? Calculate the range from 20,25,29,30,35,39,41,48,51,60,70 How Q1 is calculated in individual series. How Q1 is calculated in discrete series. Name the measure of dispersion from average. Write one main limitation of range? What are open ended distributions? Which type of measure is required for comparing the variability of twoor more distribution given in different units? What is relative measure of range? Write down any one demerit of mean deviation? Why is it better to calculate M.D from median than from mean. What is absolute measure? What is the other name of relative measure of dispersion? Write down the formula of calculating coefficient of variance? Write down the relative measure of standard deviation?

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Write down any one difference btw M.D and S.D What does higher value of coefficient variance suggest? What does lower value of coefficient variance suggest? How is coefficient of variance calculated?

Define correlation? What does correlation measure? What does the presence of correlation btw two variables X and Y simply mean? Can r lie outside -1 and +1 gage depending on the type of data? Does rank correlation imply causation? When is rank correlation preferred to personian co-efficient? What is the relationship btw r and rk in general? Write one limitation of spearmans rank correlation? When do r and rk give identical results? In which situation is the use of rank correlation method suitable? Under what situation is r=-1 When is the correlation called linear? Where do correlation btw two variables concentrate? What do you mean by absence of correlation? What does a high value of r indicates? Give any one property of correlation coefficient What does a low value of r indicates. Give the formula of ranking co-efficient of correlation of spearmans? Give the formula of ranking co-efficient of correlation of spearmans when ranks are repeated? 20 Does zero correlation mean independence 21 List two variables where accurate measurement is difficult? 22 Define negative correlation CHAPTER 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Define index numbers? Expand the term CPI What does whole sale price index no. indicates What does industrial production index indicates? What is index no. of agriculture production? What is Sensex? What is producer price index? Is the change in any price reflected in a price index no. Write any one limitation of simple aggregative method? Write the formula of Passches index no.

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Write the formula of Laspyres index no. Write the formula of Fisher index no Write any one merit of index no. Write one limitation of index no. Write one merit of Fisher index no. Write the formula of Simple average of price relative.