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LAKE VICTORIA ENVIROMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME (LVEMP II)

PROJECT TITLE: IMPROVEMENT OF FISH HANDLING ENVIRONMENT AT BANANA FISH LANDING SITE

DURATION: 12 months

CBO NAME: Banana Beach Management Unit.

ADDRESS: PO Box 760 -40300 Homa Bay. Tel: O723567848/0722116667 EMAIL: bananabeachmanagementunit@yahoo.com CONTACT PERSON: Charles Osir/ Washington Osoo

LOCATION: Homa Bay County, North Rachuonyo District, West Karachuonyo Division, Kanam A Location, Kowuor Sub-Location

AMOUNT REQUESTED: Khs3, 487,075

LEVEL OF SUPPORT: District

PRIORITY AREA: Control of Soil Erosion and Improving Sanitation and Hygiene along the Lake.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Environmental degradation has taken a major course in Kanam Location. This has been catalyzed by poor farming methods and runoff water escalated by the topography. This has lead to soil erosion which has polluted the lake because deposits are been carried to lake. Soil erosion has led to lake siltation that make lake shore not conducive for fish breeding thus decrease in fish stocks. This has made the community around economically inactive. To address this problem community participation is a paramount approach to improve the situation. Through capacity building and awareness creation on lake pollution interventions, issues at hand can be streamlined. Control of soil erosion reduces lake siltation and prevents the lake from being polluted by farm chemical being used by horticulture farmers. Construction of environment friendly toilets and fish Banda will improve sanitation and hygiene along the lake. Roof top water harvesting will reduce the quantity and speed of run off water thus reduces soil erosion. Add something on reforestation and building of gabions. The expected outcome of this project is realization of environment free from pollution especially Lake Victoria. Clean and clear water guarantees good health of the community using the lake, a community free from waterborne diseases. Unpolluted lake enhance fish stock which guarantee sustainable fishing. Sustainable fisher resources and good health improves the economy of the community thus improved livelihood.

ACRONYMS BMUBBMUHOPANETIFADGOKLVFOGEMANET CBOBeach Management Unit Banana Beach Management Unit HOMA HILLS PARALEGAL NETWORK International Fund for Agricultural Development GOVERNMENT OF KENYA Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization Gender Mainstreaming Networks Community Based Organization

TABLE OF CONTENT
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.....................................................................................2 ACRONYMS.....................................................................................................3 INTRODUCTION...............................................................................................5 2. BACKGROUND.............................................................................................6 2.1. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM....................................................................................................6 2.2. CURRENT SITUATION.............................................................................................................7 2.3. JUSTIFICATION......................................................................................................................7 3. STAKE HOLDER ANALYSIS...........................................................................8 4. PROBLEM TREE..........................................................................................10 5. OBJECTIVE TREE........................................................................................10 6. ALTERNATIVE/STRATEGY ANALYSIS.............................................................11 7. OBJECTIVES...............................................................................................12 8. METHODOLOGY.........................................................................................12 8.1. GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE AREA ...........................................................................................12 8.2. TARGET POPULATION ...........................................................................................................12 8.3. PROCEDURES/STRATEGIES OF IMPLEMENTATION..............................................................................12 MONITORING AND EVALUATION......................................................................14 10. INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY .......................................................................14 10.1. ORGANIZATIONAL MANAGEMENT CAPACITY.................................................................................14 10.2. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE / CHART.....................................................................................15 10.3. COLLABORATION AND NETWORKING.........................................................................................15 ACCOUNTING CAPACITY ...............................................................................16 SUSTAINABILITY...........................................................................................16 EXPECTED OUTPUT/ RESULTS.........................................................................17 PROJECT PLANNING MATRIX/LOGICAL FRAMEWORK.........................................18

INTRODUCTION Banana beach was formed in the year 2001 and registered under Ministry of Home Affairs, Heritage and Sports , Department of Social Services in the year 2004 Holding a Certificate of Registration number 1284/2004 under Self Help Project known as Banana Beach Self Help Group. The Banana Beach became a Beach Management Unit after qualifying under National Beach Management Guidelines in the year 2006 and holds BMUs certificate of registration number FISH/ BMU/REG.NO-121/2011.BMUs are communitybased legally-recognized fisheries management organizations, registered with Fisheries Department. BMUs have been formed all around Lake Victoria so that fishing communities manage fisheries resources and protect environment with government and other stakeholders. Banana Beach Management Unit is situated in Homa Bay County, West Karachuonyo Division, and Kanam A Location, Kowuor Sub-Location. The BMU was formed to address issues of un-employment among the people within the locality, Co-Manage fisher resource, improve hygiene and sanitation, environmental conservation and awareness on health and development issues among the catchment area community. To address these issues the BMU has undertaken various activities which includes Conducting Monitoring and Surveillances in the lake, engage members in horticulture, seed bulking, supporting education in school for child development, Campaigns and advocacy on Gender and domestic violence, Community Managed Micro-finance and construction of beach landing site and toilet which is under way. BBMU has collaborated with various stakeholders towards achievement of its objectives and goals these stakeholders includes:i.

Fisheries Department- on training on management of fisheries resources Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (LVFO)-on formation of BMUs Ministry of Public Health-Hygiene and sanitation campaigns

ii.

iii.

iv.

Southern Nyanza Community Development Organization Project (GOK/IFAD)- on training on Horticulture Homa Hills Community Development Organization- on Community managed micro-finance (SILCs methodology),toilet construction, financial management training, gender and HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns World Vision PALA IPA- on Community Home Based Care and roof top water harvesting. Provincial Administration-Security within the beach and Lake.

v.

vi.

vii.

Banana Beach Management Unit is a member of the Beach Management Unit network which promotes equity and justice between BMUs. A BMU Network is a grouping of all BMUs or lower BMU Networks within a defined administrative area formed from Location, division, district, provincial, National to regional level. BBMU has also set networks HOPANET (Homa hills Paralegal Network), GEMANET (Gender Mainstreaming Networks) and other CBOs. 2. BACKGROUND 2.1. Statement of the problem. Environmental degradation has taken a major course in Kanam Location. This has been catalyzed by i) poor farming methods; ii) excessive run off water escalated by Homa Hills of which charcoal dealers and subsistence farmers has encroached. iii) Chemical for horticulture are on use along the lake catchment areas and has found its way into the lake thus water pollution. This has led to decline of fish catch especially Rastrineobola argentea (Omena) and Haplochromines (Fulu). iv) Lack of wood fuel for domestic purpose has led destruction of few available tree cover. v) Excessive run off water during rainy season. Soil erosion is high due to the topography of Kanam and has led to mass lake siltation. vi) Lake water pollution is high due to lack of enough toilets in the beach and around community. vii) Beach landing site has been shared with Animals (watering) and has led to hygiene not to be as per the recommended health standard. vii) Polluted lake water increases the chances of emergence water borne diseases.

The effects of lake pollution reduces the economic strength of the community. This makes the community poverty level to be high due to these human activities. 2.2. Current situation. Homa hills degradation and topography has lead to soil erosion which has brought the emergence of gullies and Lake Siltation, soil fertility has reduced, hence low crop production. Lake pollution has lead to decline of fish stocks and baits, water borne diseases are being experienced due to animal and human excretes being deposited in the lake during rainy season, due to lack of enough toilets of which contaminates water and the same water is used for domestic purposes. Horticulture has encouraged use of chemicals along the lake of which when farmers water their plants using water pump the same water containing chemicals find its way back to the lake. Lack of wood fuel for domestic purposes has also resulted in mass destruction of the few available tree cover. Unfinished fish landing Banda and unfenced beach has lead to low income and health hazard to the BBMU members and the community around. 2.3. Justification. The effects of lake pollution have made the living standard of Kanam community unbearable hence justifying the importance project. In order to address these challenges it is essential to intervene with possible strategies so as to improve the conditions hence improve the livelihood of the members and community. The beach management unit has managed to construct a fish Banda to Linton level which if completed will improve fish handling quality. Improving community sanitation by constructing of environment friendly toilets will also improve hygiene and sanitation. Putting measures to control soil erosion and water pollution through good farming methods, planting of trees along the degraded area, will prevent Lake Siltation hence a suitable breeding place for fish, these will enhance fish stocks and increase catch, more catch means economic empowerment. Soil fertility reclamations will improve crop production. Fencing of the Beach will improve the hygiene. The roof catchment water harvesting will also check the quantity, splashing and speed of water flow towards the lake. The area being receiving one season rainfall it which is not enough, the water collected will be used for domestic purposes and watering of seedling during sunny season.

All these interventions are geared towards the realization of the Vision 2030 in attaining better livelihood. 3. STAKE HOLDER ANALYSIS Stakeholder Fishers Agricultural farmers Environmental activists Consumers Traders Processing plants Local authorities Local Government Administration Fishing gear manufacturers Universities and research institutions Fisheries officers National Environment Management Authority Political leaders NGOs Donors Their interests in the project To increase fish catches To continue farming To conserve environment To eat more fish at affordable prices To get more profits To process more fish To achieve better management of the resource To ensure law and order are followed To sale more fishing gears To understand the characteristics of the fishery Sustainable utilization of the fisheries resource Protection and conservation of fisheries resources To maintain their political support Will oppose the project Want the project to succeed Importance 4 3 3 4 4 4 3 3 4 4 4 4 3 2 4

4. PROBLEM TREE

5. OBJECTIVE TREE

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6. ALTERNATIVE/STRATEGY ANALYSIS Step 1: Listing of objectives 1. Constructing gabions and terraces 2. Planting trees 3. Training on good farming practices 4. Awareness creation 5. Water harvesting 6. Environmental friendly toilets 7. Construction of fish landing site Step 2: Clustering of Objectives Cluster one Constructing gabions and terraces Planting trees

Cluster two Training on good farming practices Awareness creation

Cluster three Water harvesting Environmentally friendly toilets Construction of a modern fish landing site

Step 3: selecting the best alternative Strategy a) After serious consideration, the banana beach community felt that the best alternative would be to implement the three approaches under one

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project. This will help in comprehensively addressing the environmental problems bedeviling the Banana beach community.

7. OBJECTIVES 1.1 To control lake pollution in Kanam A by 2012, through


a) By planting 10,000 seedlings

b) Constructing gabions
c) Building stones and Napier grass terraces.

d) Erecting roof top water harvesting tanks. 1.2 To construct 20 ecosan toilets in Kanam A community by 2012. 1.3 To fence, complete fish Banda and erect 2 green houses by 2012.

8. METHODOLOGY 8.1. Geographical coverage area The project geographical coverage area for implementation is Kowuor and Kanyadenda sub-locations. The project is to benefit the whole Kanam location and the neighboring community along the lake. 8.2. Target population The project will benefit over 1,100 households who use the lake as their source of livelihood, either resident or non resident at the implementation area, either directly or indirectly. 8.3. Procedures/strategies of implementation Objective 1: To control lake pollution in Kanam A by planting 20,000 seedlings by 2012. Procedures: the following activities will take place

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i.

Community participation- BBMU will develop Community Action Plans in consultation with the community members, agricultural officers, forestry officers, NEMA personnel and stakeholders so as to make the implementation participatory approach. Procurement- all procurement will be done as per the agreed terms and conditions by all stakeholders. Implementation- the process will start by identifying key areas to plant trees. Schools and churches compound will be given first priority. The community will take part in building of gabions, terraces and good land tilting methods. Agricultural officers and ministry of forest will provide technical assistance.

ii.
iii.

Objective 2: To construct 20 ecosan toilets in Kanam community by 2012. Procedures- The following activities will take place
i.

Community participation: BBMU incorporation with ministry of public health will engage the community in developing community action plan. Procurement: all procurements will be done according to terms and conditions laid down in action plans in consultation with other stakeholders. Implementation: the implementation will start by identifying artisans, community members with knowledge and expertise will be part of the implementation team. Ministry of public health, Ministry of public works and NEMA personnel will offer technical assistance during implementation.

ii.

iii.

Objective 3: To fence, complete fish Banda and erect 2 green houses Procedures: the following activities will take place
i.

Group participation: As this will only benefit members BBMU in consultation with the ministry of public works and ministry of fisheries will develop community Action Plans. Procurement: All procurement will procedures laid down in Action Plans. be executed according to

ii.

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iii.

Implementation: Being a livelihood project, BBMU members and community members with artisanal expertise will be part of the implementation team; ministry of public works and ministry of fisheries will offer technical assistance during implementation.

MONITORING AND EVALUATION Banana beach management unit will use participatory Monitoring and Evaluation approach where all stakeholders will be involved. Evaluation will be done periodically so as to establish progress of planned targets and goals so as to asses effects and impact of resources consumed. The information gathered will be used to make informed decision to renew the energy in the project momentum with an opportunity to meet the indicators provided in logical framework matrix. The reporting tools developed by LVEMP II will be periodically shared with District Project Coordination Team (DPCT) and all stakeholders. 10. INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY 10.1. Organizational Management capacity Banana Beach Management Unit project executive committee comprises of development focused members who have shown leadership skills. Three leaders i.e. the chairperson, secretary and treasurer have all undergone leadership training, financial management training and management of fisher resources training. One member holds a diploma in community development and project management and has undergone various resource mobilization trainings. One member is an accountant by profession. Technical support from DPCT will be of great value to the project.

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10.2. Organizational structure / chart

Banana Beach Management Unit has a Management Committee, Assembly and Sub Committee. BMU committee comprises of nine members and made up of chairperson, assistant chairperson, secretary, assistant secretary, treasurer and four committee members. The work of the BMU committee is to keep all BMU records, draft and implement decision approved by BMU Assembly. The BMU Assembly is the highest decision making organ. The sub committees are in charge of implementing activities approved by Assembly on behalf of BMU committee. The BMU committee meets every month to plan, budget and draft activities to be implemented in quarter. The Assembly meets every quarter to approve plans and validate budget presented by BMU committee. It is at this meeting where all previous financial transaction is reported. The treasurer is responsible for all financial transaction and book keeping. All financial reports are kept by treasurer and are subject to scrutiny by any stakeholder. Procurement of services and goods are done on fair basis through tendering process under terms and conditions. 10.3. Collaboration and networking. Banana beach management unit has collaborated with various stakeholders in facilitating number of activities. Network has been established with other neighboring beach management unit and other CBOs.

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The current and planned collaboration are as follows:


Ministry of health technical advice in establishing good

hygiene.
Ministry of agriculture technical advice in adopting best

farming methods and land use. Ministry of fisheries network on management of fisher resources. SNCDP/ IFAD/GOK assist in developing in irrigation.
NEMA assist in environmental management along the

lake. World vision training on water harvesting techniques.


Ministry

of public works technical completion of construction beach Banda.

advice

during

Provincial administration community mobilization and linkage with other stakeholder. ACCOUNTING CAPACITY BBMU holds functional bank account with Co-operative bank of Kenya Homa-Bay branch. The CBO has financial records which allow transparency and accountability. The signatory to the bank account are the chairperson, the treasurer and one committee member. Any withdrawal must be endorsed with minutes prepared by secretary and signed by members for transparency and accountability. The latest bank statement is attached in the appendix. SUSTAINABILITY For sustainability the following measures will be taken.
a) The

project will foster community participation in developing community action plans, implementation, monitoring and evaluation for the purpose of ownership. collaboration and networking with key government departments and other development agencies ensures continuous

b) Through

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support and interventions.

linkages

with

other

funding

arrangements

and

c) Through capacity building, the knowledge gained by members will be

transferred to community for continuity in the absences of donor funding. d) Service fee collected from fishing activities will be pumped back to the project to sustain various activities.
e) Revenue collected from the sale of produce from green house will be

ploughed back to the project for sustainability.

EXPECTED OUTPUT/ RESULTS Training farmers on good farming methods will improve soil fertility, free lakes pollution from agricultural chemicals used in horticulture, and reduce lake siltation due run off water from irrigation pumps and rain water all these will mean increased farm yields and fish catch in that baits will be now available.
1. Controlled soil erosion will reduce Lake Siltation, improve soil fertility

hence increase crop production this will translate to improved living standard.
2. Constructed of environmental friendly toilets will reduce water borne

diseases hence improved health of members and community.


3. Fenced and completed fish Banda improves sanitation of beach hence

enhance fish quality to meet international health standards this will make the fish catch to fend good money which will improve economic standard of the members which leads to improved livelihood.

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PROJECT PLANNING MATRIX/LOGICAL FRAMEWORK


OBJECTIVES Development Objective Improved livelihood of Kanam community OBJECTIVELY VARIFIABLE INDICATORS Impact indicators -Sustainable fish catch -High crop yields -clean and safe water -good hygiene and reduced waterborne diseases Outcome indicators -improved tree /vegetative cover in the area -Clean and clear lake water -Reduced lake siltation -enhanced fish catch -improved hygiene and sanitation -reduced soil erosion Out put indicators 10,000 trees planted within the community -availability 20 erected water tanks -Availability of 20 constructed toilets -Availability of fenced and completed fish Banda -sustainable fish catch -functioning green house Activity indicators -Liquidation reports and documents -Project completion reports MEANS OF VARIFICATIONS -project reports -Interviews and observation visits ASSUMPTION/EXTERNAL FACTORS -Controlled soil erosion -controlled lake pollution -community participation -stakeholders good will.

Core objective Controlled lake pollution

-Project reports -interviews and observation visits -healing gullies -clean and clear lake water.

-Enhanced afforestation - provision of sustainable livelihood -Improved hygiene and sanitation.

Project out put Afforestation in the area Water harvesting and inventory system Alternative livelihood strategy

-project reports -project concept -observation visit -liquidation documents.

-Planting of 10,000 trees -Erected water tanks -constructed environmental friendly toilets. -Completed and fenced fish Banda

Project Activities Planting of trees Building gabions Erecting water tanks Training farmers on green house use farming Completion and fencing of fish Banda Construction of environmental friendly toilets.

-Availability of funds -Availability of materials.

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11.

WORK PLAN AND BUDGET

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No

Sub project objective (s) To reforestation

Main activity(s)

particulars

uni ts No

No of units 12

i)Training of farmers

Facilitators transport

Amo unt per unit 3000

Total estim ate cost 36,00 0

Comm unity contri bution

LVEMP

Responsible persons BBBMU members, community, Agricultural officers, ministry of forestry, ministry of fisheries, ministry of public works (DPCT)

36,000

Note books Pens Flip chart Marker pen SUB TOTAL ii)setting up green house SUB TOTAL iii)planting of tree seedlings Assorted seedlings Transport labor SUB TOTAL iv)Building gabions and terraces Chain links hardcore Cider poles Round poles u-nail Nails Pangas Jembes Wheel barrows Spades Transport labor

No No No box es no

25 25 10 3

30 15 300 300

750 375 3,000 900 41,02 5 500,0 00 500,0 00 300,0 00 60,00 0 100,0 00 460,0 00 200,0 00 500,0 00 64,00 0 15,00 0 6,000 800 6,000 10,00 0 35,00 0 6,000 36,00 0 120,0 00 998,8

750 375 3,000 900 41,025 500,000

2500 0 30 30,00 0 10

No Trip hol es Roll s Ton No No Kgs Kgs No No No No Trip No

10,00 0 2 10,00 0 40 50 200 100 30 20 20 20 10 10 3 60

300,000 60,000 100,00 0 100,00 0

360,000 200,000 500,000 64,000 15,000 6,000 800

5000 1000 0 320 150 200 200 300 500 3500 600 1200 0 202000

6,000 10,000 35,000 6,000 36,000 120,00 0

Total project cost Ksh4, 838,675. Amount requested for Ksh3, 487,075. Community participation Ksh1, 351,600.

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