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SMK SERI SENDAYAN, SEREMBAN, N.

SEMBILAN

2011

SMK SERI SENDAYAN, 71950 SEREMBAN, N. SEMBILAN PEKA SAINS PMR YEAR ..

TOPIC GERMINATION OF SEED

NAME CLASS DATE I/C

: .. : : :

TEACHERS NAME :

aishahrouse / PEKA SAINS PMR 2011

SMK SERI SENDAYAN, SEREMBAN, N.SEMBILAN

2011

You are given Materials Apparatus 1. 2. : : green beans, cotton, cooled boiled water, labeling paper test tubes, refrigerator, test tube rack, thread, ruler

Use these materials and apparatus to investigate factors that needed in the germination of seeds Write a report on the experiment conducted. Report should follow to the format below Aim Hypothesis Variables Material and Apparatus Procedure Observation choose either quantitative or qualitative Discussion answer the questions given conclusion

3.

Submit your report on

aishahrouse / PEKA SAINS PMR 2011

SMK SERI SENDAYAN, SEREMBAN, N.SEMBILAN

2011

Title Aim

: :

Stages in the germination of seeds To study the conditions needed for seed germination

C12( a )

Hypothesis A seed will germinate only if there is water, air and suitable temperature

C12 ( b )
The scientific knowledge / theory A seed germinate when it starts to grow radicle first and then the plumule. Three important conditions required for seed germination. VARIABLES Manipulated variable Conditions for seed germination - presence of air & water only Responding variable Total length of radicle / seed germination Controlled / fixed Type of seed Materials: green beans, cotton, cooled boiled water, labeling paper Apparatus: test tubes, refrigerator, test tube rack, thread , ruler

12( c )

12( e ) 12( d )

P, Q, and R were put in the laboratory

S was put in the refrigerator

A Apparatus before starting the experiment

12( g )
aishahrouse / PEKA SAINS PMR 2011

SMK SERI SENDAYAN, SEREMBAN, N.SEMBILAN

2011

PROCEDURE 1. 2. 3. Four test tubes are prepared, labeled P, Q, R, and S with their contents as shown in diagram Test tubes P, Q, and R are placed in the laboratory. Test tube S is placed in the refrigerator The seeds are observed/ measured for three days

12( f )
RESULTS/OBSERVATION ( Quantitative ) Draw the growth of the radicle and Tabulate a table. Plot a graph according the data in the table First Day Second Day T Third Day

Radicle grows 14(iii)

14(i, ii, iv)


Time in days Total length of radicle in test tube A in cm Total length of radicle in test tube B in cm Total length of radicle in test tube C in cm Total length of radicle in test tube D in cm Length of the radicle grows / cm ( average of three reading s ) 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.5 0 0 0 2 1.3 0 0 0 3 2.7 0 0 0

14(iii) Take 3 readings and then calculate average

aishahrouse / PEKA SAINS PMR 2011

SMK SERI SENDAYAN, SEREMBAN, N.SEMBILAN

2011

The growth of radicle Time vs length of the radicle in tube P T

Length of the radicle in test tube P / cm

Time / days

14(iv)

Or 7.2 Qualitative Draw and label the germinated seed 14(ii)

The seed germinate

No germination of seed

P, Q, and R were put in the laboratory Apparatus after 2 days

S was put in the refrigerator

7.3 Stages ( changes that occur ) in the seed germination [test tube P] 14(iii)
aishahrouse / PEKA SAINS PMR 2011

SMK SERI SENDAYAN, SEREMBAN, N.SEMBILAN

2011

Test tube A B C D

Presence Water X Air X Warmth X

Germination of seeds Yes, the seed germinate No germination No germination No germination

Record the observation made C14 ( i ) Seeds need water, air and warmth ( suitable temperature ) to germinate DISCUSSION 1. State relationship between manipulated variable and variable observed/ measured [ hypothesis ] A seed will grow in length/ seed will germinate when there are water, air and suitable temperature 15( a ) 2. Explain consequence if one of the manipulated variables is absent. If water is absent, the seed will not germinate ( because all three conditions are required for seed to germinate.) 15( b )

3. Define the meaning of germination of seed.


Germination of seed is the producing of plumule and radicle when given air, water and suitable temperature.

CONCLUSION 1. The hypothesis stated before is accepted or not ? The hypothesis is accepted

16( a ) 16( b )

A seed will germinate only if water, air and suitable temperature are present.

aishahrouse / PEKA SAINS PMR 2011