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Evangelista, Ramil Bryan B.

Emilio F. Aguinaldo
(Born- March 22, 1869, died- February 6, 1964) President of the First Philippine Republic (Term: 1898- 1901)
Emilio Aguinaldo (1869 - 1964) The president of the first Philippine republic (1899). He started as a member of the Magdalo Chapter of the Katipunan in Cavite, then was elected president of the revolutionary government at the Tejeros Convention on March 22,1897, and, later, Biak-na-Bato Republic. He proclaimed Philippine independence at Kawit on June 12, 1898. His capture foreshadowed the end of large-scale armed resistance to American rule. Slogan:

Fear God and take your own part.

Manuel L. Quezon
(Born- August 19, 1878, died- August 1, 1944) First President of the Commonwealth (Term: November 15, 1935- August 1, 1944)
Manuel L. Quezon (1878-1944) The first Filipino president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines under American rule. He was president of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. For advocating Filipino-language amendments to the 1935 Constitution, he is known as the "Father of the National Language." Slogan: "Social Justice is far more beneficial when applied as a matter of sentiment, and not of law."

Jose P. Laurel
(Born- March 9, 1891, died- November 6, 1959) President of the Japanese Sponsored Republic (Term: October 14, 1943- August 15, 1945)
Jose P. Laurel (1891 - 1939) President of the Second Republic from 1943 to 1945. He had been secretary of the interior (1923), senator (1925 - 1931), delegate to the Constitutional Convention (1934), and chief justice during the commonwealth. When World War II broke out, he was instructed by Quezon to stay in Manila and deal with the Japanese to soften the blow of enemy occupation. As president, he defended Filipino interests and resisted Japanese efforts to draft Filipinos into the Japanese military service. Upon return of the American forces, Laurel was imprisoned in Japan when Douglas Macarthur occupied that country He was returned to the Philippines to face charges of treason, but these were dropped when President

Roxas issued an amnesty proclamation. In the Third Republic, he was elected senator and negotiated the Laurel-Langley Agreement.

Sergio S. Osmea
(Born- September 9, 1878, died- October 19, 1961) Second president of the Commonwealth (Term: August 1, 1944- May 27, 1946)
Sergio Osmea, Sr. (1878 - 1961) The first Filipino national leader under the American regime as speaker of the Philippine assembly and the second president of the Philippines (1944-1946).

Manuel A. Roxas
(Born- January 1, 1892, died- April 15, 1948) Last President of the Commonwealth (Term: May 28, 1946- July 4, 1946) First President of the 3rd Republic of the Philippines (Term: July 4, 1946- April 15, 1948)
Manuel Roxas (1892 - 1948) The last president of the Philippine Commonwealth and the first president of the republic (1946 1948).

Elpidio R. Quirino
(Born- November 16, 1890, died- February 28, 1956) Second President, Third Republic of the Philippines (Term: April 17, 1948- November 10, 1953) Political leader and second president of the Independence Republic of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino (1890-1956) President of the Philippines from 1948 to 1953. As vice president during Manuel Roxas's term, he was also secretary of foreign affairs. He became president when Roxas died in 1948. He was elected president in his own right in 1949.

Ramon F. Magsaysay
(Born- August 31, 1907, died- March 17, 1957) Third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines (Term: December 30, 1953- March 17, 1957) Best known for successfully defeating the communist led Hukbalahap (Huk) Movement. Idol of the masses, champion of democracy, and freedom fighter.
Ramon Magsaysay (1907 - 1957) President of the Philippines from 1953 to 1957. He had been President Quirino's secretary of defense who was instrumental is suppressing the HUK rebellion. As president, he persuaded Congress to pass the Agricultural Tenancy Act (1954). It was during his term that the Retail Trade Nationalization Act was passed. He secured revisions in the Bell Trade Act and was the first president to revise the US Military Bases agreement to bring it more in line with Philippine interests.

Magsaysay died at the age of 50 years old.

Carlos P. Garcia
(Born- November 4, 1896, died- June 14, 1971) Fourth President of the Third Republic of the Philippines (Term: March 18, 1957- December 30, 1961) Famous for his austerity program and policy. He was born in Talibon, Bohol, on November 4, 1896. His parents are Policronio Garcia and Ambrosia Polistico.
Carlos P. Garcia (1896 - 1971) President of the Philippines from 1957 to 1961. Remembered for his Filipino First Policy. He was among the founders of the Association for Southeast Asia (1963), the precursor of the Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

He died on June 14, 1971 at the age of seventy five (75).

Diosdado P. Macapagal
(Born- September 28, 1910) Fifth President of the Third Republic of the Philippines (Term: December 30, 1961- December 30, 1965) Filipino reformist president of the Republic of the Philippines.

Best known as the "Champion of the Common Man."


Diosdado Macapagal (1910 - 1997) President of the Republic of the Philippines from 1961 to 1965. He asked Congress to pass the Agricultural Land Reform Code, which abolished share tenancy and installed a leasehold system in its place; it finally passed on August 8, 1963. This was a significant step toward resolving the agrarian problem. It was during his presidency that Independence Day was moved from July 4 to June 12, the date when General Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine independence in Cavite.

Ferdinand E. Marcos
(Born- September 11, 1917, Died- September 28, 1989) Sixth President of the Third Republic of the Philippines (Term: December 30, 1965- February 25, 1986) Philippine lawyer and politician who, as head of the States from 1966 to 1986.
Ferdinand Marcos (1917 - 1989) President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. Declared martial law on September 21, 1972. After the People Power revolution in February 1986, he was ousted from power and lived in exile in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Ferdinand Marcos died at the age of seventy two (72).

Corazon C. Aquino
(Born- January 25, 1933, Died- August 1, 2009) Seventh and First Woman President of the Republic of the Philippines (Term: February 25, 1986- June 30, 1992) Political leader and president from (1986 to 1992) of the Philippines. In 1983 she succeeded her murdered husband, Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr.(A popular critic of the Marcos administration), as leader of the opposition to President Ferdinand Marcos. No one could have imagined that Cory Aquino would become a president of the Philippines.
Corazon Cojuangco Aquino (1933 - ) President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. With Salvador Laurel as running mate, she led the opposition that overthrew the authoritarian government of Marcos, who went into exile after the successful People's Power revolution of 1986. She first established a revolutionary government under the Freedom Constitution, later replaced by the Constitution of 1987, which served as the basis for reestablishing democracy

Aquino children are Maria Elena Aquino, Aurora Corazon, Victoria Eliza, Noynoy and Kris Aquino. Her youngest child is a TV & movie personality.

Fidel V. Ramos
(Born- March 18, 1928) 8th President of the Republic of the Philippines (Term- June 30, 1992-June 30, 1998) As head of the State his administration centerpiece program is the Philippines 2000; which aim to uplift the Philippines as a newly industrialized country by the year 2000.
Fidel V. Ramos (1928 - ) President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1997. As head of the Constabulary under President Marcos, he was instrumental in helping to design and implement martial law. Together with General Ponce Enrile and the RAM, he defected from the government in 1986 and joined the People's Power revolution that ousted Marcos from power. His presidency is remembered for better integrating the national economy in the global scheme.

Ramos married Amelita Martinez on October 21, 1953. They had five children.

Joseph Ejercito Estrada


(Born- April 19, 1937) 9th President of the Third Republic of the Philippines (Term- June 30, 1998-January 20, 2001)

Joseph Ejercito Estrada was born on April 19, 1937 in Tondo, Manila. He is the eight of the ten children of Emilio Ejercito and Maria Marcelo. His family later moved to San Juan, Rizal (now part of Metro Manila) where he grew up.
Joseph Estrada (1937 - ) President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001. During his term in office, he was arrested and stood trial at a congressional impeachment hearing on charges of accepting bribes and corruption. While this trial was aborted when the senators voted 11 to 10 not to open incriminating evidence against him, he was ousted from power anyway as a peaceful People's Power II revolution arose and called for his resignation

He is married to Luisa Pimentel, with whom he has three children.

Gloria Macapagal Arroyo


(Born- April 5, 1947) Tenth President of the Republic of the Philippines (Term- January 20, 2001- June 30, 2010)

Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo or GMA was born on April 5, 1947. His parents were former President Diosdado Macapagal and Dra. Eva Macaraeg. She grew up in Iligan City.
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (1947 - ) The current president of the Philippines. She served as vice president under President Estrada and became president when he was forced to step down for malfeasance, through the People's Power II revolution. PGMA has confronted some of the same obstacles as did her father, President Diosdado Macapagal, when he tried to clean up corruption in government. Her government continues enjoy political legitimacy in the face of opposition.

Gloria Makapagal-Arroyo married Jose Miguel Tuazon Arroyo in 1968. They have three children Mikey, Luli and Dato.

Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Cojuangco Aquino III


(Born- February 8, 1960) 11th President of the Republic of the Philippines (Term- June 30, 2010- )

Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Cojuangco Aquino III was born on February 8, 1960. His parents were former Sentor Benigno Aquino Jr. and former President Corazon C. Aquino. Aquino finished his elementary, high school and college education at the Ateneo de MAnila where he obtained a bachelor's degree in Economics in 1981. After college, his family left the Philippines to live in the United State of America, because his father, who was then detained for charges of rebellion by the government of President Ferdinand Marcos, was permitted to seek treatment in the United States. Aquino and his family returned to the Philippines in 1983, after his father was assassinated at Manila International Airport. In 1986, his mother became president after the historic "People Power Revolution". In 1983, after his return to the Philippines, Aquino worked in private corporations until 1993. From 1993 to 1998, Aquino worked for the Central Azucarera de Tarlac. In 1998 Aquino ran for Congressman and served as representative of the 2nd District of Tarlac until 2007. As Congressman, he passed laws enhancing the effectiveness of public offices and improving the rights of workers and consumers. In May 2007, Noynoy was elected Senator. When his mother died in 2009, there where calls for him to run for President of the Philippines. To convince him, a million signatures were gathered by Edgardo Roces. On May 10, 2010, Aquino won the Presidential elections. He took his oath of office on June 30, 2010. Some of the laws that he immediately signed were the banning of the use of siren or "wangwang" in the streets for no serious reason, and the voiding of "midnight appointments" in

government positions. He also established the "Truth Commission" to investigate graft and corruption, and abuses of the government of Pres. Gloria Arroyo. Aquino is the third president to use his second given name, Simeon, as his middle initial, as Manuel L. Quezon and Jose P. Laurel. He is one of the younger elected presidents after Emilio Aguinaldo (29 years old when elected), Ramon Magsaysay (46 years old when elected) and Ferdinand Marcos (48 years old when elected). He is the third president who only holds office but does not reside in Malacaang Palace, following Corazon Aquino and Fidel V. Ramos. He is the first president to make Bahay Pangarap his official residence. He is the first elected president who does not have a wife and children.