You are on page 1of 32

1.

SPH(Gingold, Monaghan, 1977). Nayroles, Touzot, Villon (1992)

Belytschko, Lu, Gu (1994)(EFG)Liu, Chen, Uras, Chang


(1996)(RKPM)Babuska, Melenk (1997)
(PUFEM)Duarte, Oden(1996)hp-Suku-mar, Moran, Belytschko (1998)
(NEM)Wendland (1999)(RBF)

Zhu, Zhang, Atluri (1998a, b), Atluri,


Zhu(1998a, b) and Atluri, Kim, Cho (1999)
(LBIE)(MLPG)

LBIEMLPG(Atluri, Kim, Cho, 1999)


Zhang, Yao (2001)LBIE
MLPG
[Lin & Atluri (2000)] [Kim, Atluri (2000),
Ching, Batra (2001)]Navier-Stokes [Lin, Atluri (2001)][Cho,
Atluri (2001)] [Gu & Liu (2001), Long & Atluri (2002)]
MLPG
MLSPUShepardRBF


MLPG
MLPG

1.2 (WRM)
MLPG

Lm m Lm

m
m/2m1

1.1
xi Poisson
1.1 ( )

A-B-C-D-E-F-A, GHAB =
BC n = q CD =
n = q D-E-F n = 0 FA
= n = q GH n = 0 1.1
AB u EF, EDGH
q Poisson

x ( = xi ei ) p
= u q

(1.3a)Dirichlet(1.3b)Nermann
Poisson

u (1.2) u
u (1.2-1.3)

RI RBi ( i = 1, 2 )
RI RBi

(1.4)u u ,i u C
1

u C u ,i u ,ii
RI ( u ) RI ( u )

N ui ( i = 1, 2, , N )

ai ( i = 1, 2, , N )
u ( x ) [(1.4) u ( x ) C ]
1

2
u ( x )

1.2:
RI RBi

1.2.1
u (1.4) C
1

x j , j = 1, 2, , M

[(1.8)] N M
M N ai N
RI RBi
RI RBi M

ai

(1.7)(1.8)

i = 1, 2, , K ; j = 1, 2, , N k > N a j a j
*

a j i i
*

i = 1, 2, , K ; j = 1, 2, , K q = 1, 2, , N
B jq

(1.11)

1.2.2

, ai

N ai

1.2.3 /

1.3
ai , i = 1, 2, , N

N N N 1.3
i ( i = 1, 2, , k )

1.2.4

k (1.2)

k k k k
u ,i ni k

1.3

i u ui i
*

(1.16)

u = ak uk ( x ) ui* = ak uki* ( x ) u ui*


1.31.3 k

(1.18), (1.19)

1.2.5
F ( x ) g ( x )

F ( x ) 0 u ( = ai ui )
v ( x )

RI ( u ) 0 RI (1.7) v ( x )
u ( x ) ui ( i = 1, 2, , N ) ai
u = ai ui ( x ) , x v ( x ) v = b j v j ( x )

j = 1, 2, , M v j b j ui
(1.21)
Dirac

v ( x ) = ( x x j ) Heaviside

RI (1.21)
(1.2)Poisson

u u ,i u C u ,ii
1

u ,i (1.23)(1.23) v
(1.23) u v
(1.23)GUSWF

u u v = u ,ii v = ( u ,i v ) ,i
2

u ,i v,i (1.23)(GSWF)

u v u v
0

u v C C u

v u , i v,i (1.24)

(1.3b)
(1.24)(1.24) u ,i ni = ( u )

( n ) q

(1.25)


(1.26)(D.E.)(B.C.)
u ui ( i = 1, 2,

, N )

ai ui C
0

u
(1.3b), (1.26)
v

bi u (1.3b)
(1.26) v
(1.26)(1.27)(1.28)

(1.29) b j ai

i = 1, 2,

, N ; j = 1, 2,

, M

M = N u v
u j v j ( j = 1, 2,

, N ) Aij

v j u j v j
u j M = N
Aij
M > N (1.30)

m = n, u j v j u j (1.30)
Aij
u
(1.3a)GSWF(1.24)
(1.3a)GSWF(1.24)(1.24)

u (1.3a)GSWF(1.24)(1.24)
v ( x ) = 0, x (1.24)

u v (1.29)

Aij a j = f i

(1.34a) Aij
v j Aij (1.31)
ai
(1.3a)
u u v

v ( x ) = 0, x GSWF

u
(i) v

uv,i ni d (1.34b) Aij

Aij (ii)
[Brezzi (1974)]
(iii) (iv)
(v) (iii)-(v)

GSWF(1.24)
(1.24)
GSWF v u
v u
L2 m

B = 0 L2m ( u ) = p

= 0

GFEMGSWF(1.24)
0

(1.24) C (1.23)

u v = u ,ii v = ( u ,i v ) ,i ( uv,i ) ,i +uv,ii


2

GUSWF

v v,i v C v,i
v,ii (1.39)(1.39)
u (1.39) u v
(1.39)GUSWF2
(1.3a)
(1.3b)(1.39)

1.3
u v u j v j

1.4 1.1
u j
v j

1.4

GSWF(1.26)

(1.41)

(1.3a) u v = 0
v u v GSWF(1.41)
(1.41) u u = u
v = u (1.41)

(1.41)
0

(1.41) u v C 1.5
0

C
1.5 j j + 1 u v
(1.41)
(i) u v j j + 1 C
0

(1.43a)

(ii) 1.5 j u = u

(1.43b)

(1.43a)(1.43b) u v u ,i v,i
(1.41)(1.43b)
( u ,n ) + ( u ,n )
+

1.5: 1.4 j j + 1
(1.43a)(1.43b)(1.41)

m qm
0

u C v 1.6

1.6 j u 3123

umj (m = 1, 2, 3) C 0 u

1.6( x1 x2 )
m ( m = 1, 2, 3)

1.6

A023 , A013 , A012 A123 1.6 023 , 013 , 012 123


0

j C u

m ( m = 1, 2, 3)

j C v

C
u v
0

(1.47)(1.49) u v C u

v j 1.7

1.7: j C u v
j

u1 , u2 u3 v1 , v2 v3
1.8

I u v
*

u I vI 1.9
u v

N u I vI 1.9(1.50)
*

(1.41)

1.8:

1.9: I qI pI

u I* v*I J
(1.51) pJ u v
*

u J pJ = 0
*

u u = u u J q*J = u J

vI = u I
*

Su u = u
(1.54a) I
J 1.10 I J

K IJ* 0
J J J


I J

K IJ* = 0

(1.55)

(1.55) K IJ
K IJ
*

5001.11 J

J = 310

1.10: J J J

1.11 K 310,310 , K 310,259 , K 310,260 , K 310,472

K 310,391 , K 310,395 , K 310,398 K 310,402 1.11


*

K IJ
GFEM

1.11


1.10 I J J
(1.51)(1.51)

I J I I J J
J I pJ (1.56) j
*

1.11:
(1.57)

vJ J J J I J , I
*

(1.58a)

(1.57)1.58a,b J (1.57)

(i) J J (ii)
J

u ,+n +u ,n = 0 (iii) J
t = u ,n
J
1

(1.2) p ( x ) = 0 Laplace
0

C u (1.45)
(1.47) J I (1.58a)
(1.58a)1.10 J
1

J C
C
1

C
Laplace I J
1.10 J J
J

2002

1.4
GUSWF2

GUSWF v v,i v C (1.60)

u (1.60)

(1.60)(1.60)

(1.60) v

v u

( x _ y ) Dirac x
*

y u (1.2)
u Laplace
*

Laplace u ,ii = 0 u
y x = y

(1.62) u (1.60)
(1.60)

y ( y ) u

( v ) u,*n ( v,n ) y

( y )

/ = ( y ) 0 y / 1.12(a) y
u y 0
/

u u
*

(1.23)

/ u , *ii = 0 u , *ii ud /

/ / C
1.12(a) n C (u n ) = (u )

(u

n ) = (u * ) u * = (1 2 ) ln r C

0 (1.64)

(1.63b) 0 / = C (1.65)
(1.63b)Poisson u
u *

y 1.12(b)
1.12(a) y y

1.12: (a) y , (b) y


(c)
1.12(c)(1.67)Poisson
u u n
u
u n

Poisson(1.67)
u u n (1.67)(1.66)
u
(1.67) 1.13 N b
u u n N b
(1.67)(1.67) N b [
(1.67)

(SGBEM)(Bonnet, Maier, Polizzotto


(1998)) SGBEM SGBEM

]
u u n
u

1.13:

u u i , u n = (u n )i 1.14(a)

1.14: u u, n i
u
1.14(b)

i = 1 i + 1 = 1 ; 1 2

u,n

1.15(a)

j ( = 1, 2 ) ( i ) ( i + 1) ( i )

( i + 1)

1.15:
3
1.14(c)

i 1 = 1 i = 0 i + 1 = 1

j ( j = 1, 2, 3)

u,n 1.14(c)

1.15(b)
(1.67)
1.4
(1.67)
u

u u n (1.67)

i (1.68) i

S j 1 S j e j 1 j 1 j S j S j 1
e j j j 1 k k
u u n

(1.79) [K ]
Poisson N N
N N u
u,n
x i
(1.78a)(1.78b) x x i u * (u , *n ) x i

u
C 0

C
(1.77) u
u n u y
u (1.66) y

y u

u u , n y

(1.81) y k
y

u y y
(1.82) u y
y y

2u *

ny k

y y (1.82)

(BEM)(FEM)

FEM

1.5
EFG[Belytschko, Lu, Gu (1994)]
MLPG S
1.16 te
MLPG S

MLPG
[Atluri, Zhu (1998), Atluri, Kim, Cho (1999)]1.16
S teI S

1.16: MLPG
(1.3) (1.24)
(LUSWF1)

u u, i u C 1 (1.83) v
(1.83) u v
(1.83)(LUSWF)
GSWF u

( 2 u )v = u , ii v = (u , i v), i u , i v, i (1.83)
(LSWF)

(1.84) S
u v u , v u , v C 0
q S S = S LS S
LS
S = S 1.16
LS = S sq

S (i) (ii) (iii)


S
(i) (ii) (iii)
v LS
LS
(1.84)(1.84)
(LSWF)

u (1.83)
( 2 u ) v = u,ii v = ( u,i v ) ,i ( uv,i ) ,i +uv,ii

(LUSWF):

v v, i v C 1

(1.86) u (1.86)
u , v (1.86)

(LUSWF2)
v LS

S (1.83)-(1.87)
S S
n n
n n
1.16
x (1.2) n
S

S
S

(MLPG)