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Frame narrative (something like a casquet story) story within a story, in this case it is a story or a set of stories within

n a narrative 1. The first level of narration: extradiegetic level the level of narrator and narration, who tells It is assumed that this narrator knows everything, PAST TIME, Heterodiegetic if the narrator is not a character of the narrative Homodiegetic if the narrator is also one of the characters ??

2. The second level: diegetic the level of action and characters (plot), what happens Characters, introdiegetic narrators those that tell their own story They also can be hetero and homo

3. The third, hypodiegetic level: if one of the characters tells a story, and it can go even deeper

In our case, the narrator is homodiegetic because he is a pilgrim, taking part in the pilgrimage And the nun is heterodiegetic The narrator introduces the characters as types, not as individual, creating the illusion of knowing everything about them. His knowledge is limited, and judgement and view subjective. Saint Thomas Beckett XII century, murdered by the order of the king (who?) in the Cathedral, they are going to see him To undergo the spiritual rebirth, they start their pilgrimage in Spring; not all of them have this aim. Also an aspect of entertainment. Spiritual harmony A dynamic frame in Chaucer versus the static frame of Decameron Moreover, the nobility in Decameron common people in Chaucers The interaction between pilgrims, who comment on their tales The entertainment value, more obvious in Chaucer The pilgrims are introduced in the order of their class and (and not necessarily morality), which suggests that those of higher position are not necessarily better The doctor of physics it is important what he knew, natural medicine and astrology (women also could know that) The ploughman William Langland, he wrote an allegory Pierce Ploughman The manciple a kind of court servant The reeve zarzdca, he was a carpenter

The summoner giving summons to ecclesiastic courts The pardoner selling pardons (odpusty) The representatives of the clergy: the monk, friar, prioress, parson The summoner is physical repulsive, because he is morally bad. The pardoner is also immoral, A comparison of a man to a sparrow (insatiable) was not favourable The theory of humours (bodily fluids) Sanguine Choleric Melancholic Phlegmatic

If the bodily fluid overflows, something wrong happens to a given man. These humours correspond with the personality and outlook of described, as well as their morality. Melancholic may be gluttonous. It is good to write these things down. The Knight He is a crusader, he fought four groups of people threatening the Christianity (Muslims, in Russia, Prussia, Africa) Fighting for forty years seems highly unlikely. Depending on what Chaucer knew about crusades, he may be either ironic (making him deliberately too good to be true) or approving. The knight represents the age of chivalry, an authors nostalgic view of that passing age. The lives of several famous warriors The war is changing (a yeoman is an archer, a new way of fighting) The squire is juxtaposed to the knight in how he looks and behaves. He represents the age of courtly love he is a courtly love. The prioress She is a bit flawed, because she pities only animals. Moreover, her wimple should cover her forehead. She is beautiful. She wears a golden brooch with A inscribed. Amor vincit omnia Love conquers all Chaucer is critical of the Church and its ways and richness secularization of Church. The monk going hunting it is wrong. As well as massing the grounds. These people are contrasted with the parson and

The Clerk Wife of Bath She is rich in experience. She is a negative character, and Chaucer criticizes her ways (beating unruly men)