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INDIAN AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY : SOME FACTS

India with arable land of 184 million hectares.


India produces annually 90 million tonnes of milk (highest in the world)
India produces 150 million tonnes of fruits & vegetables (second largest)
India has 485 million livestock population (largest)
India produces 204 million tonnes food grain (third largest)
India produces 6.3 million tonnes fish (3rd largest) ,
India has 489 million Poultry and produces 45,200 million eggs.
India had the Green Revolution, the White Revolution, and the Blue Revolution,
and now the focus is on the Pink Revolution.
The Green Revolution had led to self-sufficiency in food grains, the White Revolution
saw India occupy the Number One Position in milk production in the world, and the
Blue Revolution brought about increase in fish production.

2. Processed fruits & vegetable


India is the worlds second largest producer of fruits and vegetables.
The huge production base needs to be supported by strong food processing industry.
Currently in India the processing level is estimated to be around 2.20 %.
The major items of the Indian fruits and vegetable processing industry are pulps
particularly of tomatoes & mangoes, ready to serve juices, canned fruits, jam,
pickles, squashes, etc.
Frozen fruits, dehydrated & freeze dried vegetables, canned mushrooms etc. are also
becoming popular among Indian consumers.
The fruit and vegetable processing industry in India is highly decentralized with a
large number of units are in the cottage/home scale and small scale sector.
According to Ministry of Food Processing the installed capacity of fruits and
vegetables processing industry has increased from 11.08 lakh tons in January 1993
to 21.18 lakh tons in January 2006. The utilization of fruits and vegetables for
processing is estimated to be around 2.20 percent of the total production.

TABLE 2.1 : STATEWISE AREA AND PRODUCTION OF


FRUITS AND VEGETABLE DURING THE YEAR 2004-05
STATE/UT'S

FRUITS
Area

Prod.

VEG.
Area

Prod.

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR


4.1
23.4
7.1
30.8
ANDHRA PRADESH
652.0 7735.4 258.4
3861.9
ARUNACHAL PRADESH
50.7
103.2
20.4
78.8
ASSAM
93.3 1151.0 194.5
2020.4
BIHAR
276.1 2769.5 816.6 13349.1
CHANDIGARH
0.1
1.1
0.1
1.7
CHHATTISGARH
48.7
343.2 125.1
1266.3
DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI
0.7
7.1
1.5
13.5
DAMAN & DIU
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
DELHI
0.1
1.0
43.7
626.8
GOA
10.3
81.6
7.8
74.7
GUJARAT
251.9 4014.4 331.5
4867.9
HARYANA
24.1
232.2 207.8
2980.4
HIMACHAL PRADESH
207.3
720.6
59.1
1013.5
JAMMU & KASHMIR
167.5 1217.6
52.1
843.0
JHARKHAND
33.2
403.4 223.6
3394.9
KARNATAKA
255.1 4046.9 367.2
4382.9
KERALA
170.4
985.1 107.6
2490.1
LAKSHADWEEP
0.3
1.1
0.2
0.2
MADHYA PRADESH
48.7 1102.6 184.4
2659.6
MAHARASHTRA
1346.5 10586.3 372.2
4044.4
MANIPUR
51.2
320.9
13.4
86.0
MEGHALAYA
23.8
199.6
32.7
270.5
MIZORAM
21.2
42.5
5.7
24.0
NAGALAND
13.3
48.9
11.9
88.1
ORISSA
233.4 1404.0 655.9
8045.6
PONDICHERRY
1.0
21.1
4.5
74.7
PUNJAB
47.1
679.5 158.6
2677.4
RAJASTHAN
23.9
238.6 124.1
650.2
SIKKIM
8.2
12.2
17.0
76.5
TAMILNADU
224.6 4467.6 215.3
6218.3
TRIPURA
32.4
503.4
32.7
373.4
UTTAR PRADESH
274.9 2912.8 840.9 15792.8
UTTRANCHAL
201.3
788.7
72.8
951.8
WEST BENGAL
166.3 2128.3 1189.0 18103.2
TOTAL
4963.8 49294.8 6755.6 101433.5
Source : National Horticulture Board

3. Grain Processing
India is a major producer of rice, wheat, maize, barley and millets like jowar (great
millet), bajra (pearl millet) & ragi (finger millet)
India is the second largest producer of Rice in the world.
Milling of rice, wheat and pulses is the most important activity in food grains
processing.
Branded rice and branded wheat flour is becoming popular in both the domestic as
well as the export market.

4. Meat and Meat Processing


Meat production is estimated at 2.3 million tones (Table 4.1)
Buffalo in India contributes about 18% of total meat production. The
contribution by cattle, sheep, goats and poultry is 15%, 10%, 23%, and 23%,
respectively.
West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar are the top 5
meat producing states in India. (Table 4.2)
There are many reasons for the slow growth of the meat industry, including
the negative attitude of public towards meat on account of misinformation
campaign, and socio-political considerations.
Even though India has large livestock but is lacking behind in Meat Production
due to religious reasons and negative publicity.
Sheep, goats and pigs are slaughtered in unregistered slaughter houses and
the meat is sold fresh on the same day. However, large numbers of animals
are slaughtered in the modern state-of-the-art abattoirs following world class
sanitary and phytosanitary measures.

TABLE 4.1 ESTIMATES OF MEAT@ PRODUCTION- 1998-99 to 2005-06- Statewise


('000 tonnes)
Sl.No.
States/UTs
1998- 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002 2003- 2004- 200599
00
01
02
-03
04
05
06
1 Andhra Pradesh 258.1 268.1 291.4 332.8 397.8
447 451.5 457.1
Arunachal
2 Pradesh
18.2 18.4 18.6
19 9.17 7.69
20
18
3 Assam
17.18 20.92 22.36 24.77 26.64
4 Bihar
276
276
140
157 174
175 175
176
5 Chattisgarh
3
4
4
4
4
4
6 Goa
8
0.01 0.46
1
1
47 Gujarat
7
16
14
11
10
11
13
18
8 Haryana
5.67
6.57 8.59 8.66 8.73
8.8 9.15 73.27
Himachal
9 Pradesh
3.53 3.43 3.55 3.42 3.21 2.92
2.93
3.39
Jammu &
10 Kashmir
27 27
25.56 25.81 26.29 26.64 27.05
11 Jharkhand
39
41
43
43
12 Karnataka
90.12 90.58 94.83 97.37 95.71 97.22 98.52
99.7
13 Kerala
129.8
122 148.1 156.4 167.9 39.33 86.89 55.92
14 Madhya Pradesh 22.64 20.79 17.47 9.91 10.35 14.81 15.78 19.45
15 Maharashtra
203.5 206.9 210.5 214.7 219.7 225.1 230.2 236.3
16 Manipur
19.17 20.71 20.95 21.5 21.82
22 22.74
23
17 Meghalaya
30.69 29.49 34.32 30.79 32.96 35.64 36.38 36.54
18 Mizoram
6.47 11.38 7.64 7.71 7.88 8.69 9.02
9.24
19 Nagaland
6.56 26.36 18.73 19.48 23.52 26.18 60.73 63.25
20 Orissa
38.13 36.67 38.39 42.64 44.72 44.89 50.53 52.04
21 Punjab
6.12
6.03
5.7 5.56 6.03
5
4.1
4.46
22 Rajasthan
42.33 46.48 51.19 56.26 58.69 62.86 64.32
0
23 Sikkim
0
00
24 Tamil nadu
38.09 41.37 39.04 39.12 40.12 46.67 84.87 118.6
25 Tripura
0
4
8.9 12.22
26 Uttar Pradesh
154.7 163.9
168 172.2 180.8
187 190.2 198.4
27 Uttaranchal
7.32
7.8 8.35 7.23 5.82
6.19
28 West Bengal
431.9 435.6 438.3 442.1 450 462.2 475 487.2
29 A&N Island
0.5 0.49 0.66 0.67
1 0.45
0.29
30 Chandigarh
0.66
0.73 0.74 0.86 0.89 1.34 1.08
1.1
31 D.& N. Haveli
32 Daman & Diu
0.23 33 Delhi
33.61 33.19 22.69 29.15 32.38 32.04 31.13
31.2
34 Lakshadweep
0.27
0.28 0.39 0.51 0.49 0.24
0
35 Pondicherry
3.65
3.68 3.96 4.82 5.07 5.34 3.46
6.71
Total
1859
1911 1851 1922 2113 2080 2211
2310
@ meat production from recognized sector
Source : Basic, Animal Husbandry, Statistics, 2006,
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries

TABLE 4.2 : Meat Production for the year -2005-06-State-wise


Sl.No. States/UTs Cattle Buffalo Sheep Goat

('000 tonnes)
Poultry Others Total Meat Total Meat
Production Production
(excl
Poultry)
3.014 267.896
457.139
189.243

Pig

1 Andhra
3.306 41.893 97.752 43.278
Pradesh
2 Arunachal
- 0.000
Pradesh
3 Assam
4.531 0.403 0.188 5.071 9.988 6.455
4 Bihar
22.000 38.000 1.000 62.000 53.000
5 Chattisgarh
0.698 2.602 0.583
6 Goa
7 Gujarat
0.271 2.442 0.728 1.395 0.068 13.296
8 Haryana
24.089 34.726 14.456
9 Himachal
0.800 1.870 0.265
Pradesh
10 J & K
11 Jharkhand
3.705 23.978 15.121
12 Karnataka
15.269 8.438 30.035 20.554 14.882 10.523
13 Kerala
31.359 13.478
6.707 4.379
14 Madhya
9.391 0.622 8.643 0.798
Pradesh
15 Maharashtra
61.804 88.643 26.361 53.889 5.583
16 Manipur
6.595 3.376 0.095 0.268 7.249 5.420
17 Meghalaya
20.961 0.455
1.022 10.455 3.651
18 Mizoram
1.426 0.040
0.075 6.320 1.370
19 Nagaland
25.780 3.150
3.650 30.670
20 Orissa
0.004
9.079 38.118 4.842
21 Punjab
1.545 2.563 0.355
22 Rajasthan
23 Sikkim
24 Tamil nadu
8.609 6.333 17.174 17.180 0.615 68.705
25 Tripura
1.260 5.300 5.630
26 Uttar Pradesh
147.930 5.039 33.102 12.288
27 Uttaranchal
1.470 1.268 2.686 0.769
28 West Bengal 125.068 10.449 16.617 152.217 31.839 150.989
29 A&N Island
0.062 0.016
0.112 0.100
30 Chandigarh
0.294 0.342 0.466
31 D.& N. Haveli
32 Daman & Diu
33 Delhi
26.460 3.168 1.576
34 Lakshadweep
35 Pondicherry
1.105 0.134 0.273 2.574 0.046 2.576
Total
328.000 403.000 241.000 521.000 233.000 537.000
Source : Basic, Animal Husbandry, Statistics, 2006,
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries

0.008

0.032

20

20.000

26.636
176
3.883
0
18.2
73.271
2.935

20.181
176.000
3.883
0.000
4.904
73.271
2.935

27
42.804
99.701
55.923
19.454

27.000
42.804
89.178
55.923
19.454

236.28
23.003
36.544
9.239
63.25
52.043
4.463
0
0
118.616
12.222
198.359
6.193
487.179
0.29
1.102
0
0
31.204
0
6.708
2310

236.280
17.583
32.893
7.869
63.250
52.043
4.463
0.000
0.000
49.911
6.592
198.359
6.193
336.190
0.190
1.102
0.000
0.000
31.204
0.000
4.132
1773.000

5. Poultry Industry
Major Features
Poultry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector in India
Major factors behind the fast growth of the sector are - growth in per capita income,
a growing urban population and falling real poultry prices.
Besides increased investments in breeding, hatching, rearing and processing have
also contributed significantly towards the growth of the sector.
Total egg production in India in 2005 was 46 billion (Table 5.1)
The four southern states - Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Punjab are
the major producing centers. (Table 5.1)
Per capita consumption of eggs was highest in Andhra Pradesh, Lakshadweep,
Punjab and A & N Islands (Table 5.3)
As per the FAO Statistics India is the 4th largest in egg production in world (Table
5.4)
National Egg Coordination Committee in India, the largest single association of
poultry farmers in the world, has played a significant role for the betterment of the
poultry industry in general, and the egg industry in particular, through its various
programmes like market intervention, price support operations, egg promotion
campaigns, consumer education, market research, rural market development and
liaisons with the government on vital issues concerning the industry.

TABLE 5.1 ESTIMATES OF PRODUCTION AND PER


CAPITA AVAILABILITY OF EGG
1950-51 TO 2006-07 - All India
Year
Egg
Per Capita Availability
(million nos.) (nos/head/annum)
1955-56
1908
5
1960-61
2881
7
1968-69
5300
10
1973-74
7755
14
1979-80
9523
14
1980-81
10060
15
1981-82
10876
16
1982-83
11454
16
1983-84
12792
18
1984-85
14252
19
1985-86
16128
21
1986-87
17310
22
1987-88
17795
23
1988-89
18980
24
1989-90
20204
25
1990-91
21101
25
1991-92
21983
26
1992-93
22929
26
1993-94
24167
27
1994-95
25975
29
1995-96
27198
30
1996-97
27496
29
1997-98
28689
30
1998-99
29476
30
1999-00
30447
32
2000-01
36632
36
2001-02
38729
38
2002-03
39823
39
2003-04
40403
40
2004-05
45201
42
2005-06
46166
42
2006-07
** 47343
42
Source : Basic, Animal Husbandry, Statistics, 2006,
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries

TABLE 5.2 SHARE OF EGG PRODUCTION BY FOWLS& DUCKS- 2005-06STATEWISE


Sl.No.

States/UTs

Fowls
Ducks
Farms Total Egg
Deshi Improved Total Deshi Improved Total Eggs Production
6651
157883 164534
164534

1 Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal
2 Pradesh*
3 Assam
2764
4 Bihar
7926
5 Chhattisgarh
1444
6 Goa
146
7 Gujarat
1296
8 Haryana
444
9 Himachal Pradesh
326
Jammu &
10 Kashmir*
0
11 Jharkhand
6180
12 Karnataka
4750
13 Kerala
6749
14 Madhya Pradesh
2741
15 Maharashtra
15387
16 Manipur
261
17 Meghalaya
810
18 Mizoram
140
19 Nagaland
363
20 Orissa
5316
21 Punjab
660
22 Rajasthan
1776
23 Sikkim
83
24 Tamil Nadu
3795
25 Tripura
714
26 Uttar Pradesh
4129
27 Uttaranchal
251
28 West Bengal
15292
29 A&N Islands
304
30 Chandigarh
15
31 D.& N. Haveli*
32 Daman & Diu*
10
33 Delhi
34 Lakshadweep*
35 Pondicherry
66
Total
90789

645
2083
6614
0
4479
14682
427

3408
10009
8057
146
5775
15125
753

1281
125
-

0
370
6550
420
13598 18348
4173 10922
802
3546
6287
16
19840 35227
356
617
107
134
944
25
186
326
505
868
7273 12589
199
34540 35200
5253
7029
62
146
58431 62225
79
793
285
3760
7890
207
1622
1873
4505 19797 9840
148
452
25
265
280
10 0.01
196
196
39
105
345693 436482 13333

Source : Basic, Animal Husbandry, Statistics, 2006,


Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries

670
37
-

1951
162
-

3
656
-

73
5359
10012
8875
146
5775
15125
753

420
232 1034
6
22
111
218
3
29
199
22
307
99
306
- 9840
25
- 0.01
1180 14512

3105
1032
4796

6320
6970
18348
11956
9414
35227
835
973
326
868
12787
35200
7029
146
62225
1100
9228
1873
29637
477
280
48
11
196
124
105
462307

TABLE 5.3 PER CAPITA AVAILABILITY OF EGGS DURING 1997-98 TO 2005-06


(no / annum)
Sl.No.
States/UTs
1997- 1998- 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005-06
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
1 Andhra Pradesh
82
83
87 151 175 190 192 199
193
2 Arunachal Pradesh
28
32
8
8
8
8
8
8
33
3 Assam
20
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
26
4 Bihar
19
18
18
8
9
9
9
9
10
5 Chhattisgarh
34
37
37
38
40
39
6 Goa
84
84
86
92
85
83
83
10
10
7 Gujarat
10
10
10
7
7
7
9
9
9
8 Haryana
34
34
37
50
51
58
59
65
69
9 Himachal Pradesh
13
14
14
13
14
13
13
13
15
10 Jammu & Kashmir*
55
54
57
55
60
60
61
57
58
11 Jharkhand
20
23
24
23
24
25
12 Karnataka
37
39
39
37
38
37
32
32
32
13 Kerala
69
68
67
62
63
41
39
36
38
14 Madhya Pradesh
24
25
22
11
10
13
15
14
14
15 Maharashtra
31
32
33
31
33
33
34
34
34
16 Manipur
31
32
33
31
33
33
36
36
40
17 Meghalaya
38
38
38
37
39
40
39
39
39
18 Mizoram
34
40
51
31
33
33
34
34
35
19 Nagaland
25
26
27
27
27
33
33
36
41
20 Orissa
21
22
18
19
23
24
25
32
41
21 Punjab
129 115 119 119 122 126 123 144
141
22 Rajasthan
10
10
10
10
11
11
12
11
11
23 Sikkim
34
31
17
17
18
19
23
25
24
24 Tamil Nadu
56
61
64
61
68
57
59
99
100
25 Tripura
33
36
34
32
19
30
31
32
32
26 Uttar Pradesh
5
5
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
27 Uttaranchal
10
11
10
21
21
20
28 West Bengal
36
35
35
33
34
33
34
34
35
29 A&N slands
126 157 172 155 158 156 165 133
125
30 Chandigarh
25
20
24
19
19
24
27
27
20
31 D.& N. Haveli*
15
19
17
14
15
17
18
20
12
32 Daman & Diu*
21
30
24
19
11
10
9
5
4
33 Delhi
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
2
2
34 Lakshadweep*
113 105 117 126 134 136 176 172
183
35 Pondicherry
10
10
10
9
10
9
10
10
9
All India
30
30
32
36
38
39
40
42
42
Source : Basic, Animal Husbandry, Statistics, 2006,
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries

TABLE 5.4 :PRODUCTION OF EGGS BY MAJOR COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD


DURING 1999-04
(million tonnes)
Percentage share in World to
total
Country
Years
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Argentina
0.32 0.33 0.3 0.26 0.3 0.3 0.59 0.59 0.52 0.43 0.49 0.48
Bangladesh
0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.29 0.28 0.28 0.27 0.26 0.26
Brazil
1.51 1.57 1.6 1.61 1.61 1.62 2.81 2.81 2.79 2.69 2.62 2.58
Canada
0.36 0.37 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.38 0.66 0.67 0.67 0.66 0.64
0.6
21.7 22.8 23.7 25.0 26.4 27.6
40.9 41.2 41.8
43.9
China
4
43
3
6
1
5
1 40.4
1
8
9
1
Colombia
0.34 0.32 0.43 0.41 0.45 0.47 0.63 0.58 0.74 0.69 0.73 0.74
France
1.05 1.04 1.02 0.99
1 1.04 1.96 1.86 1.77 1.66 1.62 1.65
Germany
0.87 0.9 0.89 0.87 0.81 0.8 1.62 1.61 1.54 1.45 1.32 1.27
India
1.68 2.01 2.15 2.22 2.37 2.46 3.12 3.61 3.74 3.71 3.85 3.92
Indonesia
0.64 0.78 0.85 0.95 0.97 1.03 1.19 1.4 1.48 1.58 1.58 1.64
Iran, Islamic Rep of
0.57 0.58 0.58 0.59 0.63 0.61 1.06 1.04 1.01 0.98 1.02 0.97
Italy
0.8 0.69 0.66 0.69 0.71 0.71 1.48 1.23 1.14 1.16 1.15 1.12
Japan
2.54 2.54 2.52 2.53 2.53 2.48 4.72 4.54 4.38 4.24 4.11 3.94
Korea, Republic of
0.48 0.5 0.55 0.56 0.56 0.59 0.9 0.9 0.96 0.94 0.92 0.94
Malaysia
0.4 0.4 0.41 0.42 0.43 0.44 0.74 0.72 0.71 0.71 0.7
0.7
Mexico
1.63 1.79 1.89 1.9 1.87 1.91 3.04 3.2 3.29 3.18 3.04 3.03
Netherlands
0.65 0.67 0.66 0.64 0.46 0.6 1.2 1.2 1.14 1.06 0.75 0.95
Nigeria
0.44 0.4 0.44 0.45 0.46 0.48 0.81 0.72 0.76 0.75 0.75 0.76
Pakistan
0.33 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.38 0.39 0.61 0.63 0.63 0.62 0.61 0.62
Philippines
0.51 0.52 0.52 0.57 0.57 0.55 0.94 0.93 0.9 0.95 0.93 0.88
Poland
0.41 0.42 0.45 0.5 0.51 0.51 0.77 0.76 0.78 0.83 0.83 0.82
Romania
0.29 0.29 0.32 0.35 0.36 0.4 0.55 0.51 0.56 0.59 0.59 0.64
Russian Federation
1.86 1.9 1.97 2.03 2.04 2.01 3.45 3.41 3.42 3.4 3.32 3.19
South Africa
0.33 0.32 0.33 0.34 0.33 0.34 0.62 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.53 0.54
Spain
0.57 0.66 0.67 0.74 0.77 0.7 1.06 1.18 1.16 1.23 1.25 1.11
Thailand
0.78 0.81 0.79 0.84 0.86 0.7 1.44 1.45 1.38 1.41 1.39 1.11
Turkey
0.84 0.81 0.66 0.72 0.79 0.7 1.56 1.45 1.15 1.21 1.29 1.11
Ukraine
0.5 0.51 0.55 0.66 0.66 0.68 0.93 0.91 0.96 1.1 1.07 1.09
United Kingdom
0.6 0.59 0.59 0.57 0.57 0.57 1.12 1.05 1.02 0.95 0.92
0.9
United States of
5 5.09 5.16 5.18 5.28 9.13 8.96 8.83 8.65 8.42 8.39
America
4.91
10.5 10.3 10.4 10.4 10.2 10.1
Other Countries
5.69 5.77 6.02 6.22 6.31 6.39
8
3
5
2
7
7
53.8
57.5
61.5 62.8
WORLD+
1 55.8
7 59.7
1
9 100 100 100 100 100 100
Source : Basic, Animal Husbandry, Statistics, 2006,
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries

6. Fish and Fisheries Products


India with coast line of over 8000 kms., continental shelf of 50600 sq, kms and 2.2 million
sq. km. of Exclusive Economic Zone which is endowed with rich fishery resources.
Fish production (both marine and inland) from 1990-91 to 2004-05 are given in Table 6.1.
Fish processing sector comprises of small scale proprietary/ partnership firms or fishermen
co-operatives.
Processed fish in the canned and frozen forms is also produced mostly for the export
market.
Total export of Marine products from India is given in Table 6.2.
According to Ministry of Food Processing Industries, there are over 372 freezing unit with a
daily processing capacity of 10320 tons and 504 frozen storage with a capacity of
138229.10 tons. Apart from the above there are 11 surimi units, 473 pre processing centers
and 236 other storages.
TABLE 6.2 : FISH PRODUCTION (MARINE AND INLAND)
(Figure in Million tons)
Year

Marine

Inland

Total

1991-92

2.45

1.70

4.15

1992-93

2.58

1.78

4.36

1993-94

2.65

1.99

4.64

1994-95

2.70

2.09

4.78

1995-96

29.70

2.24

4.94

1996-97

2.96

2.38

5.34

1997-98

2.95

2.43

5.38

1998-99

2.69

2.60

5.29

1999-00

2.81

2.82

5.67

2004-05
(Prov)

2.78

3.52

6.30

Source: Ministry of Food Processing Industries


TABLE 6.2 : TOTAL MARINE PRODUCTS PROCESSED AND EXPORTED
Year

Quantity (MT)

Value (Rs. Crore)

2000-01

440473

6444

2001-02

424470

5957

2002-03

467297

6881

2003-04

412017

6092

2004- 05

461329

6647

Source: Ministry of Food Processing Industries

7. Consumer Foods
Consumer food industry includes pasta, breads, cakes, pastries, rusks, buns, rolls,
noodles, corn flakes, rice flakes, ready to eat and ready to cook products, cocoa
products, biscuits, soft drinks, beer, alcoholic beverages (non-molasses
based), mineral and packaged water.
Bread and biscuits constitute the largest segment of consumer foods. Their
production is about 4.00 million tons per year. Manufacturing of bread is reserved
for SSI sector. Out of the total production of bread, 40% is produced in the
organized sector and the remaining 60% in the unorganised sector. Similarly,
production
of biscuits in the organized sector is about 80% and quantity of biscuits produced in
the unorganised sector is about 20%.
(Source : Ministry of Food Processing of India)

8. Bevergaes Alcoholic non alcoholic


India is the third largest market for alcoholic beverages in the world.
Liquor manufactured in India is categorised as beer, country liquor and Indian Made
Foreign Liquor (IMFL). IMFL production includes wines, whisky, rum, vodka, gin and
brandy. Draught beer has been recently introduced and has done well in the places
in which it has been introduced. Canned beer is an even more recently introduced
new beverage.
Country liquor is consumed in rural areas and by low-income groups in urban areas.
IMFL is consumed by the middle and high income groups, primarily in urban areas.
Currently the industry is dominated by 3 brewers, the United Breweries, Shaw
Wallace and Mohan Meakins dominate the market
The soft drinks constitute the 3rd largest packaged foods regularly consumed after
packed tea and packed biscuits.
The aerated soft drinks industry in India comprises over 100 plants across all States.
Installed capacity of sweetened/aerated water as on 01.01.2006 is reported to be
29.60 lakh tons, per annum.
(Source : Ministry of Food Processing of India)

9. Packaged Drinking Water


The packaged drinking water industry in India is growing at a very rapid pace.
The phenomenal increase in demand for bottled water from just 2.0 mn cases in
1990-91 to 68 mn cases in 2003 04 is primarily based on the concern and need for
safe drinking water. (Table 9.1)
There are approximately 180 brands in the unorganised sector which
constitutes for nearly 19% of the total market.
Per capita consumption of bottled water in India is very less, approximately
half a litre per year, therefore there is a huge potential to exploit this sector for
high future growth.
Demand for mineral Water is high in the southern part of the country. (Table 9.2)
Leading Players in the Market are Parle Bisleri, Parle Agro, CocaCola, Pepsi,
Kothari Beverages, Mohan Meakin, Mysore Breweries, United Breweries, NDOB,
Mt Everest, Golden, Hello, Dadi Group, S M Foods, Group Denone

TABLE 9.1 DEMAND OF MINERAL WATER


Demand : Past & Future
Year

mn cases

1990-91

1991-92

2.6

1992-93

3.5

1993-94

4.7

1994-95

6.5

1995-96

8.5

1996-97

11.5

1997-98

15.5

1998-99

20

1999-00

26

2000-01

33

2001-02

44.5

2002-03

55.6

2003-04

68.15

2004-05

82

2005-06

97

2006-07

112.85

2007-08

129.55

2008-09

146.8

2009-10

164.45

2014-15

265

TABLE 9.2 : MARKET FOR MINERAL WATER IN INDIA


North

25

East

10

West

40

South

25

10.

Organic Food products

Some of the organically produced agricultural crops in India are spices, pulses, fruits,
vegetables and oil seeds etc (Table 10.1).
According to APEDA, the total area under certified organic cultivation is 508826 ha
(This includes wild herbs collection from forest area of MP & UPof 2432500 ha)
India is known as an exporter of organic tea, spices and fruits (Table 10.2)
The burgeoning US and European green markets provides enormous scope for Indian
exporters.
Organically produced products command a premium in the market that depends
upon the distribution channels and market conditions.

The domestic organic market in India is in the unorganized sector.

Table: 10.1 Major products produced in India by organic farming

Type of Product

Products

Commodity

Tea, Coffee, Rice, Wheat

Spices

Cardamom, Black pepper, white pepper, Ginger,


Turmeric, Vanilla, Tamarind, Clove, Cinnamon,
Nutmeg, Mace, Chili

Pulses

Red gram, Black gram

Fruits

Mango, Banana, Pineapple, Passion fruit,


Sugarcane, Orange, Cashew nut, Walnut

Vegetables

Okra, Brinjal, Garlic, Onion, Tomato, Potato

Oil seeds

Mustard, Sesame, Castor, Sunflower

Others

Cotton, Herbal extracts

Source : Green Outputs Market Trends & Potentials in India, FAO Study
Table: 10.2 Major organic products exported from India
Product
Tea

Sales (Tons)
3000

Coffee

550

Spices

700

Rice

2500

Wheat

1150

Pulses

300

Oil Seeds

100

Fruits & Vegetables

1800

Cashew Nut
Cotton

375
1200

Herbal Products
Total

250
11,925

Source : Green Outputs Market Trends & Potentials in India, FAO Study