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CPU Evolution - Computer Processor History

CPU Development

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Computer Summaries

CPU Evolution - Computer Processor History


Computer Hardware History - Chart of CPU Development over Time Here is a brief summary chart of the evolution of CPUs (Central Processing Units) for Personal Computers.
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Relationships are shown between the computer CPUs, hardware architecture, manufacturers, and internal bus widths, over time. AMD, Fujitsu, IBM, Intel, MIPS and Motorola central processors are shown.

Von Neumann (CISC) Architecture Processors

Harvard (RISC) Architecture Processors

(Macs)
External Internal Bits Bits

(PCs) Intel CPU 8080 8088 8086 (1) 80186 80286 80286 (2) 256 8K 8K 80386 (3) 80486 (4) Pentium Approx. Year 1975 1976 1977 1980 1981 1982 1982 1985 1987 1990 1991 1993 -

(PCs) AMD CPU

(Macs) Berkeley Stanford Motorola/ Fujitsu MIPS IBM CPU CPU CPU R2000 R3000
SPARC

Motorola CPU 6800

Cache -

8-bit
8 16

6500, 6502 -

R4000 R4400 PPC 601 10/23/2007

16-bit
16 32 68000 68020 68030 (mmu) 68040 (mmu)

32-bit

29000

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CPU Evolution - Computer Processor History (5) 32 64 Pentium Pro (6) Pentium II Pent. MMX 128K 64 128 Celeron Pentium 4 (7) Celeron II Duron Intel Core (8) 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 256K Pentium 3 512K 1994 5x86 SPARC II R4600

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PPC 603

64-bit

256K 512K -

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

K5 K6 Athlon K7 -

U.SPARC I

R5000 R6000

PPC 620 -

SPARC 2
U.SPARC II

R12000 Ultra
SPARC 3

G3 G4 R14000 G5 R16000 -

128-bit
128 256

U.SPARC III

R16000A -

256-bit

(von neumann bottleneck) (1 bus system)

Separate address and data space (2 bus system)

. . Intel Processor Generations Summary Generation 1st Generation


. .

Intel CPU 8086 (1) 80186 80286 80286 (2) 80386 (3) 80486 (4) Pentium (5) Pentium Pro (6)
. . . .

Approx. Year 1980 1981 1982 1982 1987 1990 1993 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2000

2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th Generation 6th Generation

Pentium II Pent. MMX Celeron Pentium 3 Pentium 4 (7) Celeron II

7th Generation
.

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10/23/2007

CPU Evolution - Computer Processor History


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Duron Intel Core (8) DX= w/ math copro. SX= without SLC= low power 2006 2000

8th Generation

CPU processor development chronology History of Computer Processor Evolution List of CPU microprocessors Central Processor Unit Summary CPU Upgrade Path

Vaughn's Summaries (One-Pagers) 2003, 2004 Vaughn Aubuchon ... All Rights Reserved http://www.vaughns-1-pagers.com This Vaughns 1-Pagers computer CPU history chart web page was updated on 2007-10-11.

http://www.vaughns-1-pagers.com/computer/cpu-evolution.htm

10/23/2007