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Florican Hill

Live casestudy-1

Architect - Vinod ciriyak Builders - Good earth, GAIA properties Location - Malaparambha Number of apartments - 15 Height - G+3 Apartment types - 3 bed room, 3 bed room duplex, 4 bedroom duplex.

It is an exclusive group of villament units A fine combination of villas and apartments the best of group housing and independent living.spacious indoors, bit of outdoors, good neighbourhood and functional amenities.

Plans

Ground floor plan

First floor plan

Second floor plan

3 Bedroom Apartment
Bedroom 1 -360*370 Bedroom 2 -370*370 Bed room 3 -420*340 Living -360*383 Dining -533*360 Kitchen -400*330 Work area -240*180 Toilets 4 no.seach of them have area about 3.4 sqm.

Sales

bed rooms kitchen,dining,living services

4 Bedroom Duplex

Ground floor plan

First floor

Bedroom 1 -360*370 Bed room 2 -420*340 Sky garden -380*370 Living -360*383 Dining -533*360 Kitchen -400*330 Work area -240*180 Toilets 3 no.seach of them have area about 3.4 sqm.

Bedroom 3 -370*370 Bed room 4 -420*340 Living -360*333 Family space-420*330 Toilets 2 no.seach of them have area about 3.4 sqm.

There is stair going up to second floor-stair well is used for storage,washing,the terrace is used as drying area

Sales
21.3 55.57 bed rooms kitchen,living,dining 71.7 services

3 Bedroom Duplex

Ground floor plan


Bedroom 1 -330*333 Living -555*320 Dining -405*390 Kitchen -300*333 Work area -247*150 Toilets 2 no.seach of them have area about 3.4 sqm.

First floor
Bedroom 2 -330*330 Bed room 3 -320*320 Living -405*390 Terrace garden-240*180 Toilets 2 no.seach of them have area about 3.4 sqm.

Sales

bedrooms kitchen,dining,living services

Features
Floor Area Ratio of 1.5: FAR is limited to 1.5. This converts into less number of units and more undivided share of land per owner ( up to 5 cents of land). Just 15 units in 53.5 cents of land. Less coverage and more Plinth Area: The design ensures more outer open space, in the form of green courtyards. Caution was taken while planning the common areas, hence achieving 85-90% of plinth to super-built up area ratio.

Rainwater Harvesting: Rainwater harvesting system has two components. The first will feed the water to a storage facility after purification. The second will help it sink into the ground and charge the aquifers, thereby improving the quality and health of ground water table.

Organic Waste Management: Solid waste management is becoming a complex issue for any city. At Good Earth Florican Hill, a biogas plant of adequate capacity will manage the organic waste.

Ducts The ducts are situated near the toilets connect the sewage pipes to the septic tank and also helps in hiding the electrical lines to different levels.

Ducts are covered with aluminum sheets and stucco finishing which contributes a vital role in the faade design .

Sky gardens: Sky gardens are open green terraces attached exclusively for duplex units. A private garden at a higher level breaks the monotony of a building. The sky garden minimize the effect of heat and moisture. The transition from the interior of the house to the out side is made through a semi open veranda. The veranda is the most comfortable space from which one can enjoy the seductive touch of a drizzle, or the cool breeze, protected from the sun.

The view from the sky garden is excellent .

Paved pathways are planned, linking the different spaces.Rest of the space in the site is converted into simple, beautiful gardens and courtyards which gives a feel of openness.

Parking for 15 cars provided in front of the building and rest can be parked in the basement. Electrical room and the security room etc. are also there in the basement.

The materials used and the colour,texture of the materials are deeply related and the combinations of the materials creates different patterns.

Open kitchen with break fast table.

Brilliant usage of wood and glass.

MAY FLOWER
Live casestudy-2

OCEANUS MAYFLOWER

LOCATION-MALAMPUZHA ROAD-PALAKKAD NEAR MATHRUBHUMI DAILY PALAKKAD EDITION. 55 M FRONTAGE OF OLAVAKODE-MALAMPUZHA STATE HIGHWAY. G+3 TYPE. 2 AND 3 LUXURY APARTMENTS. 4 UNITS IN A SINGLE FLOOR. TOTAL 4X4=16 APARTMENTS. SUPER BUILTUP AREA
2 Bedroom : 1132 - 1249 SqFt. 3 Bedroom : 1545 SqFt.

BUDGET
2 Bedroom : 25.91 Lacs Onwards 3 Bedroom : 34.65 Lacs Onwards

SITE
LAND/PLOT AREA-867 Sq.Mts. COVERAGE-64% F.A.R-2.65 PARKING COMMEN BASEMENT PARKING FOR 2 ADJUSCENT APARTMENTS.
About 1500 sqm.
ACCESS-4.5 m WIDE PROPERTY ROAD

AREA DISTRIBUTION

6% 19%

BUILT AREA
21% 64%

CIRCULATION RECREATION OPEN AREA

GENERAL FLOOR PLAN

TYPE 4 2 BED

TYPE 1 2 BED

TEPE 3 2 BED

TYPE 2 3 BED

SPECIFICATIONS
STRUCTURE : Seismic III compliant RCC framed structure.

DOOR : Main Door : Teakwood frame and shutter.. Other Doors :Hard wood frame with compressed molded wooden shutters.

WINDOWS : Sliding aluminum powder coated windows with mosquito mesh & safety grills.

FLOORING : Living, dining, bedrooms & kitchen Quality Vitrified tiles. Toilets Quality Ceramic anti-skid tiles

KITCHEN : 20 mm thick polished granite counter top platform with stainless steel sink and 2'ceramic dadoing above the granite counter top. Provision for Aqua guard point..

TOILETS : Ceramic glazed tiles dado upto 7'-0 ht. Matching l50% coloured, EWC with flush tank of make Hind ware /' parry ware / Cera / Equivalent. Health faucet will be provided in toilers. One hot & cold mixer unit for shower and all other fittings of make Crab Tree / Jaguar / Ess ss / marc in toilets.

PAINTING : OBD paint for internal walls - roller finish. Acrylic emulsion paint for external walls over plastered surface

POWER : 5 KVA power supply from KEB and 1 KVA generator backup for each Apartment.

WATER SUPPLY : Potable Bore well/municipal water INTERCOM : One extension to each flat. SECURITY : 24hrs security LIFT : 8 Passenger lift of reputed make with generator backup

VERTICAL TRANSPORTATION

2 INTERNL STAIRS Rise-17,Tread-28,width No special fire escape stair seperately Stair flooring-black ganite Cast iron stair case HEIGHT-90 cm

CENTRALLY PLACED LIFT.


LIFT CAPACITY-6 PEOPLE. ENGINE ROOM ABOVE 3RD FLOOR.

FIRE SAFETY
CONSISTS OF WATER HOSE WITH A PUMPING SYSTEM AND FIRE EXTINGUISHER ALL PROVIDED INSIDE A DUCT 1.1mX1.1m OPENING TO DUCT IN EACH FLOOR WATER SUPPLY FROM ONE OF THE OVER HEAD TANKS FIRE ESCAPE STAIRCASE IS ABSENT SEE-THROUGH SHUTTERS FOR THE FIRE SAFETY DUCT

ELECTRIC SUPPLY
DUCT FOR ELECTRICAL WIRING CARRIED TO EACH FLOOR 1.1mX1.1m OPENING FOR DUCT IN EACH FLOOR

TYPE 1
AREA-1200 sqft 2 BEDROOM ATTACHED TOILET FOR MASTER BED DUCTS ARE ATTACHED WITH TOILETS

TYPE 2

3 BEDROOM AREA-1552 sqft ATTACHED BALCONIES FOR GUEST AND MASTER BEDROOM 357X201 LARGE COMMEN BALCONY

TYPE 3
2 BEDROOM AREA-1140 sqft 393x294 large balcony having entrances from master bed and living.

TYPE 4

2 BEDROOM SEPARATE COMMEN AND ATTACHED BALCONIES LIVING AND DINING AREAS ARE TOGETHER. TRIANGLE UTILITY AREA

AMENITIES
Disabled Friendly Access Rain Water Harvesting Tennis Court Broad Band Connectivity Clinic ATM Cable T.V Connection Swimming Pool Jacuzzi Indoor Games Yoga / Meditation Center Backup Generator Children's Play area Intercom Creche Laundry Shopping Complex Gymnasium Party Hall Guest Rooms

RAIN WATER HARVESTING

SEWAGE WATER PURIFIER

Social Housing Units


Literature case study-1

Social Housing Units in Turo Del Sastre

LOCATION ARCHITECTS AREA TYPES OF UNITS NO. OF UNITS

: Montgat, spain : Batlle & roig architects enric batlle, joan roig : 13,954 sqm : Four dwellings per landing :

SITE
Located on one edge of the site Built on a mountainside Governed by the terraced volume established by regulations for the building outline.

FEATURES
a system of long linear blocks with a noticeably parallel layout The blocks are laid out perpendicular to the coast and the mountainside on which they are built, with their longest faades facing east and west

ORIENTATION
Orientation and built volume of the block determined the typology of both the dwellings and their grouping Designed as a layout of four dwellings per landing,2 facing east & 2 west, with their main spaces (living/dining rooms and bedrooms) lined along the faade, and the service spaces (kitchen, utilities and bathroom) arranged parallel overlooking a courtyard that runs the length of the building.

SPECIAL FEATURES
Ensures sun lighting for the dwellings Natural aeration of all the service spaces Efficient cross ventilation Also served to optimize the communication shafts Free up volume and house all the service and evacuation installations in the central courtyard, which ensured ease of construction and future inspection and repair The steep slope of the street made it possible to organize car parking on separate floors, with entrances that are staggered so as not to affect the dwellings on the ground floor.

FLOOR PLANS

FLOOR PLAN
four dwellings per landing 2 facing east & 2 west main spaces (living/dining rooms and bedrooms) lined along the faade service spaces (kitchen, utilities and bathroom) arranged parallel overlooking a courtyard that runs the length of the building

TYPES OF DWELLINGS

MATERIALS USED
The decision to unify the overall volume was determinant in the design of the faades and the choice of materialS beige brick was used, in keeping with the colour of the roof slab, to highlight the silhouetted volume, and the point where the building meets the site is marked by black glazed brick

SPECIAL FEATURES
The necessary terracing of the block to adapt to the topography and comply with planning regulations was addressed without fragmenting the volume Flexibility in the buildings cornice produced a continuous built volume, incorporating the terracing into the projects general form The resulting jagged outline also provided a more efficient support for the solar collection panels situated on the roof.
ELEVATION

SPECIAL FEATURES
The characteristic east-west orientation and the plots steep south-facing slope, overlooking the sea, suggested the design of a particularly prominent balcony that offers occupants good views of the coast Its repetition and random distribution ultimately define the image of the whole

SECTIONS

LITERATURE CASE STUDY Stella Zwei


Architects: Zechner & Zechner Location: Vienna, Austria

STELLA ZWEI is located in VIERTEL ZWEI in Viennas 2nd district near the centre of town in attractive metropolitan surroundings. Alongside great infrastructure and good transport connections, STELLA ZWEI offers a range of open air spaces.

The use of water and green space, are as good living as they are for working. The use of work is also present in the residential building STELLA ZWEI. The ground floor zone is formed as a transparent zone and is used for offices. All of the remaining six floors and the roof level of the low energy building are occupied by apartments of four different sizes and penthouses at the top.

The 5,000 m lake just around the corner and expansive green spaces in the nearby Prater district take the stress out of living in the city, and the whole area is laid out to be car free, with all parking below ground.

The external form of the building is defined by the non-uniform placement of loggias, some of which are planned to span two stories. The loggias are bright spaces cut into the anthracite grey box, and this creates a playful and varied facade.

Consistently executed reflections of the floor plans, which result in changes in the positioning of the loggias, creates an outward illustration of these contrasts on the faade. The faade can be read as a picture of the spatial configurations behind.

The entire faade is a game between dark and light, inside and outside.
This creates an inverted black and white picture between inside and outside, a positive-negative effect.

GROUND FLOOR The ground floor design is an inset base that is transparent towards the lake. Along with shared facilities like the waste disposal room, and storage rooms for bikes and childrens buggies, there are offices with modern equipment. A glass lobby that traverses the entire floor provides open vistas and access to the seven residential floors.

FIRST FLOOR

SECOND FLOOR second, third and sixth floor have the same plan

FOURTH FLOOR

SEVENTH FLOOR The top floor is recessed, and will be covered with bright aluminium panels, as an interesting contrast to the other floors. This step back reduces the apparent height of the building and creates large terraces for the penthouse apartments

The types of dwelling, which range in size from 49 to 115 m, have sophisticated and functional floor plans, generous living rooms, all have their own loggia, fully equipped kitchens and bathrooms as well as desirable wooden floors.

ONE OF THE DWELLING IN SEVENTH FLOOR

SECTION

ELEVATION

DATA COLLECTION
LOW WISE APARTMENT

generaL
Low rise apartments are classified under type A1, or Residential buildings. Occupant load : 12.5 sq.m / person. SETBACK front - 3.5m; rear - 2.5m; side - 2.0m; (KMBR: Clause 24(3); Pg.69)

COVERAGE AND F.A.R


The maximum percentage of coverage permissible for each occupancy shall limit the maximum area at any floor of a building. The floor area ratio value shall limit the maximum buildable total floor area. Floor area ratio i.e, F.A.R. shall be calculated as shown below: F.A.R = Total floor area on the floors Plot area
Maximum Permissible coverage(%)

Maximum permissible FAR without additional fee


3

Maximum permissible FAR with additional fee


4

65

ACCESS
S l. No. Type of Building Single units Multiple Units

1
2 3

Single storey
Two storey Three storey

No minimum
90 cm 120 cm

120 cm
200 cm 360 cm

Above three storey

360 cm

500 cm

PARKING
Sl No. Occupancy Carpet Area per unit (m2) Unto 100 1 Residential Apartment 101 150 151 200 Exceeding 200 One parking space for every 8 units 4 units 2 units Single unit

Parking space for motor vehicles shall not be less than 15 sq.m for cars , 3 sq.m for motor bikes and 1.5 sq.m for cycles.

VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
TYPE OF VEHICLE Motor cycle Car Standard Small Large LENGTH (m) 2.20 WIDTH (m) 0.70 HEIGHT (m) 1.00 TURNING CIRCLE RADIUS (m) 1.00

4.70 3.60 5.00

1.75 1.60 1.90

1.50 1.50 1.50

5.75 5.00 6.00

PARKING ARRANGEMENT
00- Parallel to road - Entry and exit to the parking bay is difficult suitable for narrow roads.

300- Angle to access road - Easy entry to the bay and exit. Usage of large space. 450- Angle to access road - Good entry to parking bay & exit. Relatively small area parking space.

600- Angle to access road

- Relatively good entry & exit to parking small area parking space.

Right angle to road - Sharp turn needed for every entry (parking space 2.50m wide) and exit. Right angle to road (parking space 2.30m wide) -Small area needed/parking space. Ideal for compact parking layout.

FIRE SAFETY

Max distance from fire exit : 30 m. Exit width x height : 100cm x 210 cm Any building having more than four floors (15m high or more than 500 sq.m )including basement or sunken floors, shall have at least two staircases, one of which may be an external stairway, of which the second can be a fire escape stairway. Fire stairway dimensions: width > 75cm, riser less than 19 cm & tread not less than 15 & risers shall not exceed 16 per flight.

Handrails shall not be less than 100 cm and not greater than 120cm. Must be straight flight and should be made of limited combustable material. Must connect to the common areas of the building and should lead straight ot the ground. Should be equipped with emergency escape lighting in the event of power failure.

REFUSE DISPOSAL
1.CHUTES
It is a vertical pipe system passing through the various floors, provided with ventilation and inlet openings in the floor. Design considerations:-

The location of chute depends on the position of inlet hoppers and on the convenient position of receptacle.
The upper end of the shaft should be above the terrace level (2 -2.5m). It should not have any offset or bends between inlets.

2. INLET HOPPER
It is a receptacle fitting connected with the main pipe which receives refuse from various flats and drops in to the chute. It should be provided at a convenient height from floor level (1.2 m).
It contains a self closing shutter. The shutter is made air tight by giving rubber seal along the edges.

3.COLLECTION CHAMBERS
It is a room at the lower end of the chute for collecting the garbage disposed of from flats. It should be big enough for two persons to enter to clear the garbage.

Design considerations: 1. 2. 3. The refuse can be handled in 3 different ways viz. direct discharge of garbage on floor. discharge in container either baskets or metal baskets. discharge in containers mounted on trolleys. (mainly the third one is used)

The collection chamber at the ground level should be easily and conveniently accessible from outside. The floor and walls of the chamber should have absolutely impervious surface finish. Gully trap grating should be provided to drain of water when cleaned.

When refuse is collected in containers, sufficient space should be allowed for stand-by bins to meet contingencies.
The distance between the bottom of the chute and the container should sufficient so that heap may be formed without blocking the shaft.( min. 30 cm)

OTHER ASPECTS

Materials used to construct the disposal system can be G.I. ,concrete, masonry. The frequency of garbage removal from the container depends on the no. of households using the system. The garbage can sometimes be dried and incinerated in special incinerators and the ash may be disposed off.

Electrical system
Ceiling raceway systems more preferred The need for electrical flexibility in facilities with limited budgets coupled with the high cost of underfloor electrical raceway systems encouraged the development of equivalent over-the-ceiling systems. More flexible than their under-floor counterparts, since they energize lighting as well as provide power andtelepone facilities; Permit very rapid changes inlayouts at low cost. This last characteristic is particularly desirable for electrical facility changes.

PLUMBING SYSTEM
A minimum of 70 to 100 liters per head per day may be considered adequate for domestic needs of urban communities, apart from non domestic needs like flushing requirements Plumbing fixtures require certain pressure and flow to function properly. Street pressure is normally enough to satisfy the requirements of residences and 2 to 3 story buildings. Otherwise pressure pumps have to be used

FIXTURES FOR WATER SUPPLY


The details of water supply and sanitary fixtures required for every apartment unit Kitchen - one tap for sink Dining - one tap for wash basin Toilet - one ablution tap Work area - one tap

SOURCE OF SUPPLY
Before planning the water supply system source(s) of water supply should be identified and established. The source of supply may be any one or more of the following

Municipal filtered water supply from main running near the premises. Sub-soil sources such as open well and tube well Surface such as lakes, rivers or canals.

DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
There are four basic methods of distribution of water to a multistoried buildings. Direct supply from mains to ablutionary taps and kitchen with WCs and urinals supplied by overhead tanks. Direct Pumping Systems Hydra-pneumatic Systems Overhead Tanks Distribution

DIRECT SUPPLY SYSTEM


Requires adequate pressure
Normally not available for above 2-3 floors as pressure is limited in city mains.

DIRECT PUMPING
Water is pumped directly into the distribution system without the aid of any overhead tank, except for flushing purposes. The pumps are controlled by a pressure switch installed on the line.
Normally a jockey pump of smaller capacity installed which meets the demand of water during low consumption and the main pump starts when the demand is greater. The system eliminates the requirements of overhead tanks for domestic purposes requires minimum space

DIRECT PUMPING SYSTEM

Direct Pumping System

OVERHEAD TANK DISTRIBUTION


Most

Commonly used

Comprises pumping water to one or more overhead tanks placed at the top . Distributed to the various parts of the building by a set of pipes located generally terrace.

MANHOLE
An opening by which a man may enter or leave a drain, a sewer or other closed structure for inspection, cleaning and other maintenance operations, fitted with a suitable cover.

Manhole Chamber
A chamber constructed on a drain or sewer so as to provide access thereto for inspection, testing or the clearance- of obstruction.

The minimum internal sizes : a) For depths less than 0.90 m, 900 x 800 mm b) For depths from 0.90 m and up to 2.5 m, 1200 X 903 mm
Typical illustration of manhole

Sedimentation: The surface area of the tank required will be 0.92 m2 for every 10 litres per minute of peak flow rate at a temperature of 25 C the min. depth of sedimentation shall be 250- 300 mm it shall have min width of 750 mm and min depth of 1m below water level and min capacity of 1000 litres for a rectangular tank, length of the tank shall be 2-4 times the width.

SEPTIC TANK

Rain water harvesting


Rain Water Harvesting is a way to capture the rain water when it rains, store that water above ground or recharge the underground and use it later. A rainwater harvesting system comprises components of various stages - transporting rainwater through pipes or drains, filtration, and storage in tanks for reuse or recharge.

The minimum capacity of the storage tank as stipulated in Sub-rule (2) (v) of the rooftop rainwater harvesting arrangements shall be Group A1 - 25 litres/sqm of total floor area.

SOAKAWAYS / PERCOLATION PIT

Dimensions - 60 x 60 x 60 cm pits Designed on the basis of expected runoff as described for settlement tanks Filled with pebbles or brick jelly and river sand, covered with perforated concrete slabs

Filter materials in a soak away

RECHARGE STRUCTURES
Rainwater may be charged into the groundwater aquifers through any suitable structures like dugwells, borewells, recharge trenches and recharge pits. Various recharge structures are possible - some which promote the percolation of water through soil strata at shallower depth (e.g., recharge trenches, permeable pavements) whereas others conduct water to greater depths from where it joins the groundwater (e.g. recharge wells).

RECHARGE TRENCHES
Dimensions 0.5 m to 1 m wide and 1 m to 1.5 m deep. The length of the recharge trench is decided as per the amount of runoff expected.

RAIN WATER STORAGE FACILITY


SHAPE: Cylindrical, rectangular and square
MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION: Reinforced cement concrete, (RCC), Ferro cement, masonry, plastic (polyethylene) or metal (galvanized iron) sheets are commonly used. POSITION OF TANK: Depending on space availability these tanks could be constructed above ground, partly underground or fully underground. Some maintenance measures like cleaning and disinfection are required to ensure the quality of water stored in the container

LIGHTING AND VENTILATION


Every habitable room shall be furnished with sufficient number of openings such as windows and ventilators affording effectual means of admission of light and air by directcommunication with the external air shall be sufficiently lighted and ventilated by artificial means. No portion of a room shall be assumed to be lighted if it is more than 7.5 metres away from the opening assumed for lighting that portion unless it is artificially lighted. Windows & ventilators which open into a verandah shall be deemed to communicate with the external air, if such verandah is not more than 3 metres wide and open throughout its entire length into an open space open to the sky the width of such open space being not less than 3.0 metres. Trellising, mesh, grill or net may, however, be provided on the open side of the verandah;

Every kitchen shall have suitable flue for the escape of smoke and heated air unless it is provided with an approved form of smokeless installation. Every bathroom or latrine shall be provided with sufficient light and ventilation. Every bathroom or latrine shall have at least one of its walls abutting on an open space or open verandah or an air shaft if not centrally air conditioned.

LIFTS
Every building exceeding 4 storeys (excluding sunken floors) having plinth area more than 2500 sq. metres shall be provided with one lift for every 2500 sq. metres or part thereof exceeding first 2500 sq. metres, in addition to the required number of staircases as per rule 39. Whenever more than one lift is required as per sub rule(1) or byelaws made under the Act, at least one lift shall be a higher capacity lift that can carry a stretcher

RECREATION SPACE
Any residential apartment having more than 12 dwelling units in a single plot orsingle building, shall be provided with a recreation space of suitable size. The recreation space shall have not less than 7.5 per cent of the total carpet area of all the units taken together and may be provided either inside a building or outside a building or both and if it is provided outside a building it shall be exclusive of parking areas, drive ways and other utility areas. Spaces like swimming pool, recreation hall or health club shall also be considered as recreation space for this purpose. The recreation space may be provided as a single unit or as different units.

PARTS OF BUILDING
Height of the room : Not less the 3 metres.If Air conditioned not less than 2.4 metres.
Plinth height : min 45 cm

Corridor and passageways : Clear width not less than 1.0 metre

Kitchen: The area of a kitchen where separate dining area is provided, shall be not less than 5.0 m2 with a minimum width of 1.8 m (NBC 2005: Clause 12.3)
Basement: Minimum Height-2.4m; basement ceiling should be 0.9m above ground level bur not more than 1.2m above the ground level (NBC 2005: Clause 12.9.3) Parapet: Minimum height-1m and maximum height is 1.2 m from floor level (NBC 2005: Clause 12.11) Boundary Wall: the maximum -1.5 m above the centre line of the front street. Compound wall up to 2.4 m height may be permitted if the top 0.9 m is of open type construction of a design to be approved by the Authority. (NBC 2005: Clause 12.13.1)

Bath room : Area not less than 1.5 sq. metres. Either side not less than 1.1 sq.m

Thank you