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Normal Distribution in Six Sigma
all properties and examples

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Normal Distribution

Normal Distribution Many things closely follow a Normal Distribution: Heights Of People Size Of Things Produced By Machines

Errors In Measurements

Blood Pressure Marks On A Test

Normal Distribution

SYMMETRY ABOUT THE CENTER 50% OF VALUES LESS THAN THE MEAN AND 50% GREATER THAN THE MEAN

Standard Scores

The number of standard deviations from the mean is also called the "Standard Score", "sigma" or "z-score"

It can help you make decisions about your data.

Standard Scores

EXAMPLE

calculate the mean and standard deviation and find Z

MEAN

Mean = (1.1m + 1.7m ) = 1.4 m 2

Standard Deviations

95% is 2 standard deviations either side of the mean (a total of 4 standard deviations) so: 1 standard deviation = (1.7m-1.1m) / 4 = (0.6m / 4) = 0.15 m

Z - SCORE

is the mean

is the standard deviation

Z - SCORE

( X- ) = ( 1.85 - 1.4 ) = 3 1.5

APPLICATION

A Practical Example: Your company packages sugar in 1 kg bags. When you weigh a sample of bags you get these results: 1007g, 1032g, 1002g, 983g, 1004g, ... (a hundred measurements)

Mean = 1010g

Standard Deviation = 20g

Some values are less than 1000g ... How can you fix that?

Adjust the mean amount in each bag The standard deviation is 20g, and we need 2.5 of them: 2.5 20g = 50g

Adjust the accuracy of the machine

Or we can keep the same mean (of 1010g), but then we need 2.5 standard deviations to be equal to 10g:

10g / 2.5 = 4g

So the standard deviation should be 4g, like this: Reff: www.mathsisfun.com/data/standardnormal-distribution

THANKYOU

Dr. Seuss

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