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The Advanced Gas Handler (AGH)

The primary aim of the Advanced Gas Handling system is to avoid "gas-locking" in the pump which can result in inefficient cyclical operations and possible premature mechanical failure if not properly controlled. The AGH does not separate gas - but conditions it by compressing the total fluid; so it can be produced by the pump.
Slide 1

Electric

Submergible Pumps are

limited in the amount of vapor that can be produced with the liquid, denoted as the Vapor to Liquid ration (VLR). The Advanced Gas Handler significantly

increases the allowable VLR. REDA


pumps equipped with an Advanced Gas Handler can now produce reservoirs with high levels of free gas traditionally lifted by gas lift or jet

pumps.
The REDA Advanced Gas Handler can make a well more economical by increasing the drawdown and increasing the amount of oil produced. This increases recoverable reserves and extends the economic life of the field.
Slide 2

The Advanced Gas Handler (AGH)


The AGH improves the overall efficiency of many submersible lift systems in comparison to those employing gas separators only. In many cases, the AGH will allow successful production of wells that previously could not be economically, or reliably produced with submersible pumps employing only gas separators, due to gas problems.
Slide 3

AGH Performance
The Reda AGH (Advanced Gas Handler) will not only eliminate bothersome U/L trips but will actually let you produce rates never thought possible in high GOR / low pressure wells.
2,000 2,500 2,000

Barrels per Day

AGH Installed

1,500

Total Production

1,000

1,500

Barrels per Day

With AGH

1,000

500

Before AGH

Well in Europe gains incremental production of 439 b/d with the AGH

500

Net Oil Increased by 270 bpd


Week -2 Week 0 Week 2 Week 4 Week 6

Week -4

AGH Field Trial increases net oil by 270 b/d average and allows total production to nearly double in Indonesian well. The AGH Improved the Production Revenue Stream by nearly $5,000/day

Slide 4

REDA AGH Performance


The AGH results in stable operation with reduced restarts due to underload shutdown (i.e. gas lock). This improves production and enhances reliability.
400

400

300

300

200

200 100

100

Average 1 U/L Shutdown per day

Smooth Chart No Shutdowns

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With Rotary Separator Only

With AGH and Separator

The Advanced Gas Handler (AGH)


The AGH is designed to improve the overall lift efficiency of a submersible lift installation by maintaining a higher gas to liquid ratio in the tubing string.
The higher GLR will in act to reduce the hydraulic horsepower required to lift an oil well producing oil, water and gas.
Slide 6

Controlled Testing of REDA AGH In Field Fluids With Maintained Stable Operation**
** No ceiling has been established on either series

% Free Gas by volume into 62 AGH


48

400
Slide 7

540

AGH SERIES

Advanced Gas Handling Objectives


Increase

pumps ability to produce gassy wells without "gas locking".

Utilize

gas to improve overall lift efficiency.

Slide 8

REDA AGH History

Research-1991 Lab

Testing-1993

Prototype-1993-1994 ESP

Workshop Paper- 1995

ESP

Workshop Paper- 1998

Slide 9

Advanced Gas Handling Lab Tests


Standard DN1300

30
25 20 Lift, feet 4% Vapor 0% Vapor

15
10 5

Slide 10

500

1000
Flow, bpd

1500

2000

2500

Advanced Gas Handling Lab Tests


DN1300 With Advanced Gas Handling System

30 25 20 Lift, feet 15 10 5 0
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0% Vapour 11% Vapour Maximum

500

1000 1500 Flow, bpd

2000

2500

Standard Impeller

Gas Accumulation

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Traditional flow through an impeller


Turbulent flow in the pump breaks the gas up into fine bubbles at the impeller entrance.

During flow through the impeller the gas bubbles tend to lag
behind the liquid in the lower pressure area of the Centrifugal force flings the impeller. higher density liquid towards the circumference the lower density gas accumulates below it in the impeller eye. As the gas increases the liquid production decreases.
Slide 13

AGH Impeller

Gas Accumulation Eliminated with AGH Feature

Slide 14

Flow through an AGH impeller


Mixing (or crushing) the gas bubbles is necessary to aid flow. The key issue is to reduce the impact of the centrifugal force which promotes the gas separation. Balance holes exist in all impellers. In AGHs an additional passage allows re-circulation of the fluid. This allows separated gases to be re-mixed with the liquid which increases the pumps gas volume recovery ability.
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Standard Impeller

AGH Impeller

Gas Accumulation Gas Eliminated with Accumulatio AGH Feature

Slide 16

Principle Principles
Increase gas handling ability with minimal head loss Methods:
Homogenize Reduce Put

the mixture

bubble size

gas back into solution gas to move to main stream

Help

Slide 17

Application of AGH
In general, an AGH should be considered if the following conditions exist at the intake of the pump: Free Gas Percentage = 20 to 30% by volume (or greater) Intake VLR = 0.25 bbl/bbl (or greater)
ADVANCED GAS HANDLER DATA
Model Outside Diameter, inches 4.00 5.125 5.125 5.375 Shaft Diameter, inches 0.6875 1.000 1.000 1.000 Shaft Area, sq inch 0.371 0.785 0.785 0.785 Shaft HP Limit 200 600 600 600 HP Required 13 37.5 45 53 Minimum Effective Flow Rate 500 2000 4000 7000 Maximum Effective Flow Rate 2100 4000 8000 10000

DN 5-21 GN 20-40 GN 40-80


Slide 18

SN 70-100

Application of AGH
The AGH can be used with a standard intake or with a gas separator. The choice will depend on how much free gas will be present at the intake for producing conditions; and on whether there is a packer preventing gas production up the annulus.
Pump Pump

AGH Standard Intake

AGH Gas Separator

Slide 19

Application of AGH
The AGH is available in 400, 540, 538, and 562 (as of Feb 2002) series in the following configurations: ES FL-CT, ES CR-CT, ARZ FL-CT, ARZ CR-CT.

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Benefits of REDA AGH

Expand applications that can be produced with an ESP


Replace gas-lift De-water gas wells Produce gassy well below a packer

Increase production in wells experiencing downtime due to gas-

locking

Continuous stable operation Benefit of gas lift effect in the tubing

Increase production in wells that have been limited to high intake pressures to keep stable operation

Slide 21

Continuous stable operation at lower intake pressures higher production rate possible