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SEMINOR ON

REMOTE ACCIDENT REPORT SYSTEM FOR HIGHWAYS USING RF

AIM
The Aim of this is to monitor the accidents which occur on the highways using RF technology. The purpose of this is to report the monitoring section whenever accident occurs on the highways

ABSTRACT
In present days Electronic communication takes an important role. In this we are sending information about vehicle accident by using RF

communication with the help of Microcontroller.


An accident is a specific, identifiable, unexpected, unusual and unintended external event which occurs in a particular time and place, without apparent or deliberate cause but with marked effects, it implies a generally negative probabistic outcome which may have been avoided or prevented circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence.

COMPONENTS
Microcontroller
Max 232 Buzzer

Transformer
H-Bridge LCD

BLOCK DIAGRAM: TRANSMITTER SECTION


MICRO CONTROLLER

Power supply AT89S52 HT 12E Encoder RF TRANSMITTER

H-Bride Accident detection ckt

Motor

RECEIVER SECTION
MICRO CONTROLLER Power supply LCD

AT89S52

BUZZER

HT12D decoder

RF RECEIVER

PORT 1:
Motors are connected to port one of micro controller through two h bridges. The two h bridges are connected to P1.0, P1.1, P1.2 and P1.3 respectively PORT 3: Switch is connected to P3.7. It is acts like an accident identification sensor. PORT 2: Port 2 can act as both input as well as output port. The microcontroller port 2 pins are connected to the transmitter circuit. We are using HT12E IC which is a 18 pin Ic.

PORT 0:

This port 0 can act as both input as well as output port. In this port zero is
connected to lcd. The data pins of lcd is connected to data pins of lcd. PORT 2: Port 2 can act as both input as well as output port. The microcontroller port 2 pins are connected to the receiver circuit. We are using HT12D IC which is a 18

pin decoder.
BUZZER: Buzzer is connected to the port p3.0.

Micro Controller The AT89S52 is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcontroller with 8K

bytes of in-system programmable Flash memory.


The device is manufactured using Atmels high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry- standard 80C51 instruction set and pin out. The on-chip Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed in-system or by a conventional nonvolatile memory programmer.

RF Transmitter

315/434 MHz ASK TRANSMITTER Here in this the RF transmitter module is not directly connected to microcontroller. An Encoder is connected between the RF module and the controller, in order to encode the data for efficient transmission of the data.

RF Receiver
315/434 MHz ASK RECEIVER

In this RF receiver is connected as shown in the schematic. The DATA pin is connected to the decoder HT648L which decodes the received signal and gives to the microcontroller.

Power Supply

The power supplies are designed to convert high voltage AC mains electricity to a suitable low voltage supply for electronics circuits and other devices. A RPS (Regulated Power Supply) is the Power Supply with Rectification, Filtering and Regulation being done on the AC mains to get a Regulated power supply for Microcontroller and for the other devices being interfaced to it.

H-BRIDGE:

H-bridge is to construct with transistors and Motor. It is used to control the vehicle.

Buzzer

Buzzer is for alarming purpose ,when ever the system will find any accident occurrence the buzzer will buzz.

APPLICATIONS
Car security system
Wireless security system Automation system

Remote keyless entry

Advantages
To control the accidents

CONCLUSION
The REMOTE ACCIDENT REPORT SYSTEM FOR HIGHWAYS USING RF has been successfully studied, Integrating features of all the hardware

components used have developed it. Presence of every module has been
reasoned out and placed carefully thus contributing to the best working of the unit.