You are on page 1of 38

3.

4
1
2

3
4CSTR

3.5
1CSTR
2CSTR

CSTRContinuously Stirred Tank ReactorCSTR

TCP

CA0
xA0=0
(xA1)
v0
FA0

CA
xA
(xA2)
v
FA
CA
xA
VR

(xA2)

CSTR
Return

CSTR

--=
A
=FA0=v0CA0

=FA=FA0(1-xA)= v0CA0(1- xA)


=-rAVR

CA0
xA0=0
(xA1)
v0
FA0

CA
xA
(xA2)
v
FA

CA
xA (xA2)
VR

FA0-FA0(1-xA) --rAVR=0
v0CA0- v0CA0(1- xA) --rAVR=0

VR
VR
xA

FA0 v0 C A0 C A0 rA
V R C A0 x A C A0 C A

rA
rA
v0

CSTRxA0=0
xA00

xA00, AxA1

FA0
A

FA0(1-xA1) -FA0(1-xA2) --rAVR=0

FA0(xA2-xA1) =-rAVR

VR
VR
x A2 x A1

rA
FA 0 v 0 C A 0 C A 0

V R C A0 x A 2 x A 2 C A0 C A

rA
rA
v0

t
t V v

xA(-rA)VRFA0

xACA

Return

AP

(-rA)=k

V R C A0 x A C A0 x A C A0 C A

v0
(rA )
k
k
k
: xA
C A0
: C A C A0 k
( : A 0)

A 0
C A0 C A
xA
C A0 A C A

C A0 1 x A
CA
1 A xA

:
C A0 (C A0 C A )
C A0 x A (1 A )


k (C A0 A C A )
k (1 A x A )


AP
(-rA)=kCA
A
C A0 (C A0 C A )
V R C A0 x A x A (1 A x A )

v0
(rA )
k (1 x A )
kCA (C A0 A C A )

, , A 0
C A0 C A
VR
xA

v0 k (1 x A )
kCA
k
: xA
1 k
C A0
CA
1 k
CA
1

C A0 1 k


AP

(-rA)=

kC A2

C A0 (C A0 x A )
VR C A0 x A x A (1 A x A ) 2

2
2
v0
kCA
kCA0 (1 x A )
kCA2 (C A0 A C A )
A 0
C A0 C A
VR
xA

2
v0 kCA0 (1 x A )
kCA2

rA kC

n
A

C A0 C A0 C A

kCAn C A0 A x A
A=0

C A0 C A
VR
xA

n 1
n
v0 kCAo (1 x A )
kCAn

7
CSTR
70
-rA=kCACB

-rA----kmol.L-1.min-1

k----1.97L.kmol-1.min-1
CACB----kmol.L-1
CA0CB00.004kmol.L-1

2400kg80%

CSTR

VR
xA

v
kCA0 (1 x A ) 2

VR

vxA
171 0.8
3

7234
L

7
.
234
m
kCA0 (1 x A ) 2 1.97 60 0.004 1 0.82

2.16m3

Return

4CSTR

n>0:

ACA0
CA(A t ;

CSTRACA0
CA

C A0

CA

dC A
rA

= CA0DBCA=

C A0 C A BCA

C A0 C A

rA C

AB

1.0

C A0 DBC A
t

0=1

n>0CSTR1

1
1/t0

=t+t0/
=t /1=t+t0/1

P543-3-1

Return

1CSTR

PFR

Return

iA

Vi C A,i 1 C A,i
i
rAi
v0

x A,i x A,i 1
Vi C A,i 1 C A,i
i

n
n
n 1
v0
k i C A ,i
k i C A0 1 x A,i
n=1

C A, i
C A,i 1

1 k i i

C A, N
C A0

1 k1 1 1 k 2 2 1 ki i 1 k N N
Vi V j
Ti T j

i j
k i k j const

C A, N
C A0

1 k i

: x A, N 1

1 k i

V=NVi=Niv0

8
60%
80%

-rA=kCACB

-rA----kmol.L-1.min-1
k----1.97L.kmol-1.min-1
CACB----0.004kmol.L-1
2400kg80%


(-rA)=

kC A2

C A0 x A1
VR C A0 C A
x A1

2
v0
(rA )
kCA0 (1 x A1 )
kCA0 (1 x A1 ) 2

VR1

x A1
v0
kCA0 (1 x A1 ) 2

FA 0
v0 v
C A0
VR1

2400

24 146

171L / h
0.004
171 0.6

1.97 0.004 1 0.6 60


2

1360L

:
VR1 v0

x A2 x A1
171 (0.8 0.6)

1810L
2
2
kCA0 (1 x A2 )
1.97 0.004 1 0.8 60

VR=VR1+VR2=3170L

7230L

9P623-4-1

Return


n1
N
n

x A,i x A,i 1
Vi C A,i 1 C A,i
i

n
n
n 1
v0
k i C A ,i
k i C A0 1 x A,i
NCANCAN-1
N1

(rA ) i

C A0

x A ,i

C A0

x A,i 1

ixA,i-1

(-rA)i

C A0

xAi

C A0

x A,i 1

xA ~ (-rA)
xA


xA~(-rA)MN
(rA ) i

C A0

x A ,i

C A0

x A,i 1

P1xA1

xA1MNP2
xA2
NxA,N
xAf

-rA

M
xA-(-rA)

CA0/

P1
P2

P3

P4
N

xA1

xA2

xA3

xA4 xAf

xA


AxAN
NxAN,

VRv


xA~(-rA)MN
MN

xA~(-rA)

rA i

A,i 1

C A,i

A ,i

C A,i 1

CA~(-rA)

CA0CA0
CA1 CANCAN

-rA
CA-(-rA)

P1

1
-1/

P2
P3
P4
O

A0
CA
CAf A4 A3 A2 A1

10
2

-rA=kCACB

-rA----kmol.L-1.min-1
k----1.97L.kmol-1.min-1
CACB----0.004kmol.L-1
2400kg80%

rA kCAC B

kCA2 kCA2 0 1 x A

1.97 60 0.004 2 1 x A 1.89 10 3 1 x A kmol / L.h


2

XA

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

(-rA)10-3

1.89

1.53

1.21

0.93

0.68

0.47

0.30

0.17

0.075

0.019

MN

-rA *10-3

2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1
xA

rA i

A,11

C A,1

A,1

C A,11

0.80
x1=0.47x2=0.66x3=0.75x4=0.80
rA

xA

C A0

0.55 10 3

1.17 10 3
0.47
1.17 10 3

3.42h
Vi v 171 3.42 585L
V R Vi N 4 585L 2.34m 3