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Environment

Definition: means Surroundings in which an Organisation operates, including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna, human and their interrelation.

Understanding Aspect and Impact

ASPECT
Activities from

IMPACT
The occurrence or existence of any aspects that will / can / may affect or impact the environment, regardless whether it is a positive or negative impact

Processes Products Services

Considering

Environment

SOIL (solid, oil, hazardous materials, groundwater) WATER (effluent, wastes, discharges) AIR (fumes, smoke, nuisance, smell, evaporation) NOISE (nuisance) PRODUCT (raw materials, production, composition) ENERGY CONSUMPTION (electricity, water) EXTERNAL SAFETY

Environmental Quality Act 1974

Air

EQA (Clean air) Regulations 1978 EQA (Prohibition on the use of CFC and other gases as propellants and blowing agents) Regulations 1993 EQA (Control of emission from diesel engines) Regulations 1996 EQA (Control of emission from petrol engines) Regulations 1996 EQA (Refrigerant management) Regulations 1999 EQA (Halon management) Regulations 1999 EQA (Control of emission from motorcycle) Regulations 2003 EQA (Declared activities) (Open burning) Order 2003

Water
EQA (Sewage and Industrial Effluents) Regulations 1979 EQA (Licensing) Regulations 1977 EQA (Scheduled wastes) Regulations 1989 EQA (Prescribed premises) (Scheduled wastes treatment and disposal facilities) Order/Regulations 1989 EQA (Delegation of power on marine pollution control) Order 1993,94

Land
EQA (Sewage and Industrial Effluents) Regulations 1979 EQA (Licensing) Regulations 1977 EQA (Prescribed activities) (Environmental Impact Assessment) Order 1987 EQA (Scheduled wastes) Regulations 1989 EQA (Prescribed premises) (Scheduled wastes treatment and disposal facilities) Order/Regulations 1989 EQA (Dioxin and Furan) Regulations 2004

Resources
EQA (Prescribed premise) (Raw natural rubber) Regulations 1978 EQA (Crude palm oil) Regulations 1977 EQA (Scheduled wastes) Regulations 1989 EQA (Prescribed premises) (Scheduled wastes treatment and disposal facilities) Order/Regulations 1989

Health

EQA (Sewage and Industrial Effluents) Regulations 1979 EQA (Clean air) Regulations 1978 EQA (Licensing) Regulations 1977 EQA (Control of lead concentration in motor gasoline) Regulations 1985 EQA (Scheduled wastes) Regulations 1989 EQA (Prescribed premises) (Scheduled wastes treatment and disposal facilities) Order/Regulations 1989 EQA (Prohibition on the use of controlled substance in soap, synthetic detergent and other cleaning agents) Order 1995 EQA (Dioxin and Furan) Regulations 2004

Noise
EQA

(Motor vehicle noise) Regulations

1987

Process Overview
Raw materials Gaseous emissions

Chemicals

INPUTS

Water
Energy Recycle

Operation

Products

OUTPUTS

Waste water

Liquid waste
Solid waste Reusable waste

Managing chemical aspect


Purchasing (1) Receiving (2) Inventory control (3) (4) Request for use

(7) Waste treatment and disposal

(6) Waste generation

(5) Using and handling

Management of change

Emergency preparedness

Exposure control and monitoring

Pollution of hazardous waste

Current issues

Sections relevant to scheduled waste

Restrictions on pollution of the soil 24(1) No person shall, unless licensed, pollute or cause or permit to be polluted any soil or surface of any land if
(a) he places in or on any soil or in any place where it may gain access to any soil any matter whether liquid , solid or gaseous; or (b) he establishes on any land a refuse dump, garbage pit, soil and rock disposal site, sludge disposal site, waste-injection well or otherwise used land for the disposal of or a repository for solid or liquid wastes so as to be obnoxious or offensive to human beings or interfere with underground water or be detrimental to any beneficial use of the soil or the surface of the land.

Sections relevant to scheduled waste


Restrictions on pollution of inland waters

24(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), a person shall be deemed to emit, discharge or deposit wastes into inland waters if
(a) he places any wastes in or on any waters or in a place where it may gain access to any waters; or (b) he places any waste in a position where it falls, descends, drains, evaporates, is washed, is blown or percolates or is likely to fall,, or knowingly or through his negligence, whether directly or indirectly, causes or permits any wastes to be placed in such a position; or (c) he causes the temperature of the receiving waters to be raised or lowered by more than the prescribed limits.

Sections relevant to scheduled waste


Part IVA Control of scheduled wastes

34B(1) No person shall


(a) place, deposit or dispose of, or cause or permit to place, deposit or dispose of, except at prescribed premises only, any scheduled wastes on land or into Malaysian waters; (b) receive or send, or cause or permit to be received or sent any scheduled wastes in or out of Malaysia; or (c) transit or cause or permit the transit of scheduled wastes, without any prior written approval of the Director General.

DENDA DAN PENALTI


Seksyen

24, AKAS 1974 RM 100 ribu dan penjara 5 tahun 34B, AKAS 1974 RM 500 ribu dan penjara 5 tahun maksimum RM 2 ribu

Seksyen

Kompaun

Environmental Quality (Scheduled Wastes) 2005

Important definition
Waste

generator = - any person who generates scheduled wastes

Note: Person can be individual or corporate.

Important definition
Contractor

= - any person undertaking the handling , transport or storage of scheduled wastes outside the premises of a waste generator.

Note: Person can be individual or corporate.

Important definition
prescribed premises = - premises prescribed by the EQA (prescribed premises) (scheduled wastes treatment and disposal facilities) Order 1989. on-site treatment facility = - a facility, other than a scheduled waste incinerator or a land treatment facility, located on a waste generators site and that is used solely to deal with scheduled wastes on that site.

KONSEP Cradle To Grave

WASTE GENERATOR

DEFINITION OR CLASSIFICATION OF WASTE

1 2 5 5

Regulatory Tools for Control

TRANSPORTATION

FACILITIES

Terbahagi

kepada 77 kategori yang dipecahkan kepada 5 kumpulan


Kump. 1 Buangan Logam dan berasaskan logam Kump. 2 Buangan yang mengandungi logam dan bahan organik Kump. 3 Buangan yang mengandungi logam dan bahan bukan organik Kump. 4 Buangan yang mengandungi bahan organik dan bukan organik Kump. 5 Lain-lain buangan

Mengguna kod SW diikuti 3 angka

EQA (Scheduled Wastes) 2005


Notification of the generation of scheduled wastes
3. (1) The generation of any scheduled wastes shall be notified to the DG in writing
a) b) Within ONE month of its generation, for waste generated after the coming into force of these Regulations; Within THREE months from the date of coming into force of these regulations, for waste generated before the date of coming into force of these regulations.

(2) Every waste generator shall immediately notify the DG of new categories and quantities of waste which are or which may be generated as a result of any alteration in the operation carried on at the plant used by the waste generator. (3) The notification given under subregulations (1) and (2) shall be in the form prescribed in the Second Schedule.

EQA (Scheduled Wastes) 2005


Disposal of scheduled wastes
4. (1) Scheduled wastes shall be disposed of at prescribed premises only. (2) Scheduled wastes shall, as far as practicable, prior to disposal, be rendered innocuous.

EQA (Scheduled Wastes) 2005

Treatment of scheduled wastes

5. Scheduled wastes shall be treated at prescribed premises or at on-site treatment facilities only.

Standard B list
Parameter (1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) (xi) (xii) (xiii) (xiv) (xv) (xvi) (xvii) (xviii) (xix) (xx) (xxi) (xxii) (xxiii) Temperature pH Value BOD5 at 20oC COD Suspended Solids Mercury Cadmium Chromium, Hexavalent. Arsenic Cyanide Lead Chromium, Trivalent Copper Manganese Nickel Tin Zinc Boron Iron (Fe) Phenol Free Chlorine Sulphide Oil and Grease Unit (2) o C mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l Standard A B (3) (4) 40.00 40.00 6.0 - 9.0 5.5 - 9.0 20 50 50 100 50 100 0.01 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.10 0.05 0.10 0.10 0.50 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.00 2.00 2.00 1.00 4.00 1.00 5.00 0.00 1.00 1.00 2.00 0.50 0.50 Not 10.00 Detected

Well maintained waste water treatment plant

IETS - Not maintain

Hierarchy of waste management

Waste reduction

Source Reduction and Waste Minimization The best means to get rid of waste is to reduce the amount generated at the source Two concepts are recommended: The production of waste results in both loss of energy from the production process and loss of valuable resources; and Once the waste is produced, money, manpower, and additional materials must be spent to manage the waste

EQA (Scheduled Wastes) 2005


Responsibility of waste generator 7. Every waste generator shall ensure that scheduled wastes generated by him properly stored, treated on-site or delivered to and received at prescribed premises for treatment or disposal.

EQA (Scheduled Wastes) 2005


Storage of scheduled wastes 8.(1)Scheduled wastes shall be stored in containers which are durable and which are able to prevent spillage or leakage of the scheduled wastes into the environment. (2)Containers of scheduled wastes shall be clearly labeled in accordance with the Third Schedule for identification and warning purposes. (3)Incompatible scheduled wastes shall be stored in separate containers. (4)Areas for the storage of the containers shall be designed , constructed and maintained adequately to prevent spillage or leakage of scheduled wastes into the environment.

Develop incompatible list

1. List out all hazardous wastes and check incompatibilities. 2. Communicate the information to all waste generators and handlers.

Storage of scheduled waste


Isolated,
Locked for security, Chemical under shed,

Storage area is labeled,


Provide secondary containment (drain pit)

Should not be >6 months or > 20MT

Sorting and Segregation


Storage according to waste type and chemical properties Separate hazardous with non-hazardous Check incompatibility

Packaging and Labelling


Each drum is: labeled once being used, waste generation date declared, tightly closed, durable

EQA (Scheduled Wastes) 2005


Waste generator shall keep an inventory of scheduled wastes 9. A waste generator shall keep accurate and up-to-date inventory, in accordance with the Fifth Schedule, of the quantities and categories of scheduled wastes being generated, treated, and disposed of.

Scheduled waste tracking

EQA (Scheduled Wastes) 2005


Scheduled waste transported outside waste generators premises to be accompanied by information 11.(1)Every waste generator shall provide information in accordance with the Seventh Schedule in respect of each category of scheduled wastes to be delivered to the contractor and shall give the Schedule to the contractor upon delivery of the waste to him. (2) The waste generator shall inform the contractor of the purpose and use of the Seventh Schedule. (3) The contractor shall carry with him the Seventh Schedule for each category of scheduled wastes being transported and shall observe and comply with the instructions contained therein.

Information A. Properties
1. 2. 3. 4.

Seventh Schedule
Use conservative approach : Refer MSDS and conclude Categories Origin the worst scenario Physical properties of waste Risk
Personal protection equipment Procedures in handling, packaging, transporting and storage Appropriate label Recommended method of disposal

B.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Handling of waste

C. D.

Precautions in case of spill or accidental discharge causing personal injury Steps to be taken in case of spill or accidental discharge causing material damage

EQA (Scheduled Wastes) 2005


Spill or accidental discharge 12.(1)In the event of any spill or accidental discharge of any scheduled waste, the contractor responsible for the waste shall immediately inform the DG of the occurence.

(2) The contractor shall do everything that is practicable to contain, cleanse or abate the spill or accidental discharge and to recover substances involved in the spill or accidental discharge.
(3) The waste generator shall provide the technical expertise and supporting assistance in any clean-up operation referred to in subregulation (2).