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# 1

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING
OF SUSPENDED SEDIMENT MOVEMENT
USING FINITE DIFFERENT SCHEME
FINAL REPORT

JAPEX BUTON LTD
BUTON ISLAND, SOUTH EAST SULAWESI, INDONESIA
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The Objective

1. to simulate movement and distribution of
dredging disposal in the coastal area
2. to simulate movement of sediment transport
in the rivermouth area.
3. to dicide the location of disposal discharge
with minimum impact to coastal line
environment
4. to estimate live time of the entrance channel.
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LOCATION
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Theorical Background
Navier-Stokes formulae.

0 =
c
c
+
c
c
+
c
c
y
Q
x
P
t
q

3 7
2 2 2 2
D
Q P gPn
x
gD
D
PQ
y D
P
x t
P +
+
c
c
+ |
.
|

\
|
c
c
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
+
c
c q

0 = O
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
c
c

|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
c
c

x
fVV Q
D
P
y
ED
y D
P
x
ED
x

3 7
2 2 2 2
D
Q P gQn
y
gD
D
Q
y D
PQ
x t
Q +
+
c
c
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
+ |
.
|

\
|
c
c
+
c
c q

0 = O +
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
c
c

|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
c
c

y
fVV P
D
Q
y
ED
y D
Q
x
ED
x

The silt transportation is calculated by solving the so-called advection-dispersion
equation:

=
c
c
+
c
c
+
c
c
y
C
v
x
C
u
t
C
S
h
C Q
y
C
hD
y h x
C
hD
x h
L L y x
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
c
c
+ |
.
|

\
|
c
c
c
c 1 1 1
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Data Input :

1. Bathimetry.
2. Wind
3. Tide
3. Source
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Bathymetri Map

Bathimetry data :
- Batimetri di Umalaoge ( 1 km x 2 km )
- GEBCO ( 19.5 Km X 13 Km )

Coastal Line data :
- SRTM 90 ( 25 Km )

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Wind
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Tide
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Source Opsion 1
Position : Coordinat UTM 51 M 525170 9421017 ( 2 mil from the coast line),
bottom elevation -301.57 m , at Grid ( 227 , 209 ), discharge 5 m3/s , V = 7.4 m/s .

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Source opsion 2
Position of the source 4 mil ( 6.44 km ) from the coast line, coordinat
UTM 51 M ( 528420, 9421096), bottom elevation -458.25 m , and grid
( 292 , 209 ), discharge 5 m3/s , V = 7.4 m/s .

Figure 5.14. Coastal Line
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1. Defining the Hydrodynamic Model
2. Select model area and consider simulation
periods
3. Setting up the Model
4. Calibrating and Verifying the Model
5. Running the Production Simulations
6. Presenting the Results
Method
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RESULT
MUD DRIVEN BY TIDE
ONLY
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Coastal Current Circulation
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Mud drived by current and
tide
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Current Flow
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Mud movement
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Deposition
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Maintenance Period

D50(m) D90(m) Rs Rw h(m) U(m/d)
0.0002 0.0004 2.6 1.03 1 0.5
ks C c U dR qb(m3/d)
0.0005 78.844 80.588 0.968 1.5243 2.31876E-06
B(m) d(m) m
73.1244 76.25 1.043 150 0.5 5
result data
Deposition Rate and Time Period
Q(m3/year/m) Volume(m3/m) T(year)
hydrodinamic Specific Gavity Diameter
Computation
deposited dimension
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Recommendation
a. Dumping activity of the disposal material can be carried out
during rainy season and dry season, but it is recommended
carried out during rainy season, in the position at least 2 mils
from the coast line to the offshore side.

b. If rate of deposition in the entrance channel 76 m3/m/year, and
permitted bed load deposition less than 0.5 m ( deposited bed
load shoud be excavated 73,124 m3/m/year), then maintenance
excavation shoud be done at least every year.
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