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Presentation on Speed Control and Braking OF DC Shunt Motor

By
CH KALYANI 13MPE0072

Speed control of DC Machine


What

is speed control

One

of the important features of dc motor is that its speed can be controlled with relative ease.

Speed control of DC Machine


We

know that the expression of speed control dc motor is given as,

V I a Ra 60 A N= Z P V I a Ra =K

Methods of changing Speed


The speed can be controlled by varying
Terminal

voltage of the armature V , resistance in armature circuit R

External

And

flux per pole .

Control Methods
Flux

control method Voltage control

Armature

Method

Field Resistance control Method


In

this method , speed variation is accomplished by means of a variable resistance inserted in series with the shunt field . increase in controlling resistances reduces the field current with a reduction in flux and an increase in speed. method of speed control is independent of load on the motor.

An

This

Circuit Diagram

Simulink Diagram

Simulation Results
Field Control Method
Armature Voltage SNO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 240 Field Current 0.96 1 1.043 1.091 1.143 1.2 1.263 Speed 1924 1848 1772 1695 1619 1542 1466

Graph

Simulation Results
Field Control Method
Armature Voltage SNO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 220 Field Current 0.88 0.9167 0.9665 1 1.048 1.1 1.158 Speed 1922 1846 1770 1694 1618 1540 1465

Graph

Armature Voltage control


In

this method of speed control a variable source of voltage is provided to supply the power to the armature circuit. Voltage to the field circuit should be different from the variable voltage source provided to the armature.

Armature Voltage Control

Simulation Results
Field Control Method
Field Current SNO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1.6 Armature Voltage
170 180 190 200 210 220 230

Speed
820.6 868 917.1 965 1014 1062 1110

Speed Vs Armature Voltage


Speed1
1400

1200

1000

800

Speed1

600

400

200

0 Armature Voltage1

180

200

220

240

Simulation Results
Field Control Method
Field Current SNO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1.4 Armature Voltage
170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240

Speed
894 947 1000 1053 1105 1158 1211 1263

Speed 2
1400

1200

1000

800

Speed 2

600

400

200

0 Armature Voltage2

180

200

220

240

Braking

Braking of DC shunt motor


Three

methods of Braking

Plugging Regenerative Dynamic (or) Rheostatic control

Rheostatic Braking
In

armature or rhoestatic control method of speed the voltage across the armature is varied by inserting a variable rhoestatic or resistance called controller resistance in series with armature circuit. the controller resistance is increased, the potential difference across the armature is decreased thereby decreasing the armature speed.

As

Dynamic (or) Rheostatic Braking Circuit Diagram

Dynamic braking

Simulink Result

Regenerative Braking Circuit

Regenerative Braking

Regenerative Braking

u o Y k n a h T