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Food Chain?

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Producers

ALL LIVING THINGS NEED ENERGY FROM FOOD. Green plants are the only living things that can make their own food. They

are called producers.

A food chain always

begins with a

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producer.

Producers • ALL LIVING THINGS NEED ENERGY FROM FOOD. Green plants are the only living things

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Plants are called PRODUCERS They produce (make) their own food and provide food for animals

• Plants are called • PRODUCERS • They produce (make) their own food and provide food

Consumers

Consumers • Animals are consumers because they eat plants or other animals to get their energy.

Animals are consumers because they eat plants or other animals to

get their energy.

The first consumer in a food

chain is an

herbivore (an animal that eats

only plants).

Animals are called

CONSUMERS

They consume (eat) other

animals or plants

• Animals are called • CONSUMERS • They consume (eat) other animals or plants

Consumers

Consumers • A food chain sometimes includes a consumer that is an omnivore (an animal that

A food chain

sometimes includes a

consumer that

is an omnivore

(an animal that

eats both plants

and animals).

Consumers

The next consumer is a carnivore (an

animal that eats

only other animals). A

carnivore may

be eaten by a

larger

carnivore.

Consumers • The next consumer is a carnivore (an animal that eats only other animals). A
Consumers • The next consumer is a carnivore (an animal that eats only other animals). A

Consumers

• “Consume” means “eat”.

Animals are consumers because they “eat” (consume) food provided by

plants or other animals.

Consumers • “Consume” means “eat”. • Animals are consumers because they “eat” (consume) food provided by
Consumers • “Consume” means “eat”. • Animals are consumers because they “eat” (consume) food provided by
Consumers • “Consume” means “eat”. • Animals are consumers because they “eat” (consume) food provided by

Predator

A predator eats other animals.

Predator A predator eats other animals. Cats eat fish. So do bears!

Cats eat fish.

Predator A predator eats other animals. Cats eat fish. So do bears!

So do bears!

Animals that hunt and eat

other animals

are called

PREDATOR S

• Animals that hunt and eat other animals are called • PREDATOR S

Predator

The cat is a predator, because it eats other animals.

The bear is a predator, because it eats other animals.

People are predators too!

Predator • The cat is a predator, because it eats other animals. • The bear is

Prey

Any animal which is hunted and killed by

another animal for food is prey.

Predator

Prey Any animal which is hunted and killed by another animal for food is prey. Predator

Prey

Predators and Prey

Predators and Prey Some animals are predators, some are prey - some are both. The predator

Some animals are predators, some are prey - some are

both.

The predator eats the prey, and the prey gets eaten by the predator.

Decomposers

Decomposers are consumers that break down dead plants and animals. They return

materials stored in

dead plants and animals to the soil, water, and air. Then

green plants use the

materials to make food.

Decomposers • Decomposers are consumers that break down dead plants and animals. They return materials stored

Food Chain

Food Chain
Food Chain

A food chain tells us what

is eaten by

what in an

ecosystem.

• A food chain tells us what is eaten by what in an ecosystem.

What is an ecosystem?

An ecosystem is all the

animals and the plants in a habitat, together with their environment.

An ecosystem provides

everything that the animals and plants that live there need.

A rock pool is an ecosystem, and so is a forest or a lake.

What is an ecosystem? • An ecosystem is all the animals and the plants in a

What is happening in this food

chain?

The insect is eaten by the

frog.

What is happening in this food chain? • The insect is eaten by the frog.

Many insects feed on nectar

which they

gather from

flowers.

• Many insects feed on nectar which they gather from flowers.

What does this food chain

show?

The plant is eaten by the slug.

The slug is eaten by the frog.

The frog is eaten by the heron.

What does this food chain show? • The plant is eaten by the slug. • The
What does this food chain show? • The plant is eaten by the slug. • The
What does this food chain show? • The plant is eaten by the slug. • The

The arrow means “is

eaten by”.

The insect is eaten by the

frog.

• The arrow means “is eaten by”. • The insect is eaten by the frog.
• The arrow means “is eaten by”. • The insect is eaten by the frog.

Animals that are hunted and

eaten by other

animals are called their PREY

• Animals that are hunted and eaten by other animals are called their • PREY

Energy flow

Each animal in the food chain eats another animal or a plant in order to gain energy.

The energy flow in the ecosystem keeps all of the animals alive.

Energy flow • Each animal in the food chain eats another animal or a plant in

What people do

Sometimes, humans cause

problems for the plants and animals in an ecosystem.

Oil spills pollute the sea

and beaches.

Forests are cut down to make way for roads, and so that land is available for cattle to graze.

What people do • Sometimes, humans cause problems for the plants and animals in an ecosystem.

What is an ecosystem?

An ecosystem refers to all the animals and plants found in one place, and the way they all live together.

Different plants and animals live in different ecosystems.

Different ecosystems can be close together. Some animals belong to several ecosystems.

What is an environment?

Everything that affects an animal makes up its environment - where it lives, the weather and all the living

things it comes into contact with. Every living thing, including people, has an effect upon the environment.

Animal Adaptation

All living things have to be suited to their environment if they are to survive.

Fish have streamlined bodies, fins and specially shaped tails to help them move

quickly and easily through the water.

Squirrels have sharp, strong claws for gripping tree trunks and branches and strong teeth for eating nuts.

Homes and Habitats

The place where an animal lives is called its habitat.

An animal lives where it can find food, water, shelter and a mate.

Homes and Habitats • The place where an animal lives is called its habitat. • An

Living things

All living things (organisms) need food (nourishment) to live.

Living things in an ecosystem depend on each other for food.

Living things • All living things (organisms) need food (nourishment) to live. • Living things in

Food Chains

A food chain shows what is eaten.

Food Chains A food chain shows what is eaten. The fly is eaten by the thrush.
Food Chains A food chain shows what is eaten. The fly is eaten by the thrush.
Food Chains A food chain shows what is eaten. The fly is eaten by the thrush.

The fly is eaten by the thrush.

Food Chains

A food chain shows what is eaten.

Food Chains A food chain shows what is eaten. The lettuce is eaten by the rabbit.
Food Chains A food chain shows what is eaten. The lettuce is eaten by the rabbit.
Food Chains A food chain shows what is eaten. The lettuce is eaten by the rabbit.

The lettuce is eaten by the

rabbit.

Food chains always start

with a plant.

Food chains always start with a plant. The lettuce is eaten by the slug, the slug
Food chains always start with a plant. The lettuce is eaten by the slug, the slug
Food chains always start with a plant. The lettuce is eaten by the slug, the slug
Food chains always start with a plant. The lettuce is eaten by the slug, the slug

The lettuce is eaten by the slug, the slug is eaten by the bird.

Food Chains - a Reminder

A food chain shows which animals eat other animals or plants.

• Plants don’t eat things.

A food chain starts with what gets eaten and the arrows point towards what does the eating.

Food chains only go in one direction.

The top of the food chain.

Some animals are said to be at the top of the

food chain. This is because they are not hunted by other animals.

The top of the food chain. Some animals are said to be at the top of

No other animal hunts the

lion. The lion is at the top of

the food chain. Can you think

why?

Food Webs

In the wild, animals may eat more than one thing, so they belong to more than one food chain.

To get the food they need, small herbivores may eat lots of different plants, and carnivores may eat many different animals.

Food Webs

We can show this by using a food web, which is just a more

owl
owl
rabbits
rabbits
grass
grass

complicated version of a food chain.

fox mice
fox
mice
seeds
seeds
berries
berries

Breaking the Chain

Organisms living in a habitat depend on each other.

If one part of a food chain dies out or is greatly reduced, the consumers have to find alternative food, move away, or starve.

This then affects more consumers in the same way.

Endangered or Extinct?

The number of people in the world is growing at an alarming rate.

But this is not true for all animals.

In some cases, there are only a few of one type of animal left in the wild.

These animals are endangered.

If they die out completely, they become extinct.

Why does this happen?

There are lots of reasons why animals

become endangered or extinct. The most common are:

loss of habitat (woodlands cut down, rivers drying up, hedgerows removed).

chemicals or pollution poison the animals.

hunting (for sport, their fur, tusks or meat).

Caring for the Environment

It is in our own best interests to look after the world we live in.

If a habitat is lost or damaged, it has an effect on everything else, even if we do not see or understand it straight away.

Remember - once something becomes extinct, it’s gone forever!

REFERENCE

WWW.GOOGLE.COM