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DEFORESTATIO

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Introduction
 Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-
forested land, for uses.

 Deforestation results from removal of trees without


sufficient reforestation.

 The consequences of deforestation are largely unknown


and the impacts not verified by sufficient scientific data
leading to considerable debate amongst scientists.

 Deforestation is the permanent destruction of


indigenous forests and woodlands.

 Deforestation has resulted in the reduction of


indigenous forests to four-fifths of their pre-agricultural
area.

 Indigenous forests now cover 21% of the earth's land


Why Trees Matter ?
 Forests must first be given credit
for what they bring to global
ecosystems and the quality of life
that all species maintain.
 Tropical Rainforests presently give
a place to call 50% - 90% of all
organisms.
 Human race also benefits from
what the trees give.
 The rainforests amplify and save
lives.
 25% of medicines come from the
forests
 Trees improve the quality of the
air Trees determine rainfall and
replenish the atmosphere.
 Mother earth has given much
responsibility to trees.
Causes Of Deforestation
DIRECT CAUSES OF DEFORESTATION.

-: Agriculture & Cattle Raising.

-: Dams & Mega Projects.

-: Mangroves & Shrimp Farming.

-: Mining.

-: Oil & Gas.

-: Logging & Plantation.


Population Growth and
Deforestation
 Today 500,000 hectors vanish in a
single week .
 There is overpopulation in cities and
developing countries.
 Population is continually growing in
the third world.
 To settle farmland, the poor become
"shifted cultivators" and resort to
using slash and burn methods of
tree removal.
The ash is used as a fertilizer and
the land is then used for farming or
cattle grazing increasing chemicals
chemical means contaminate water
and soil
This is a specific example of how
population growth and slash and
burn agriculture is a terrible cycle
Logging and Deforestation

 The small farmer plays a big role with modern industry in


cutting down the trees.
 The logging industry is fueled by the need for disposable
products.
 11 million acres a year are cut for commercial and property
industries .

 The demand for fuel wood is very high that will create a
shortage by the year 2010.
 The amount of damage that this adds to the forests cannot
be measured
FIRE LOGGING
CYCLE
Cattle Grazing and
Deforestation
Cattle Grazing and
Deforestation
•Most devastating forces behind
deforestation is cattle grazing.
•International fast food chains
seems to be an evident factor in
the clearing of trees today.
•Large corporations buy Beef for
hamburger & other food products.

 15,000 km squared of
forests are used expressly
for the purpose of cattle
grazing .
 Once the trees are gone the
land is often overgrazed.
 Cattle grazing is big profit
OTHER CAUSES
 
 Other Causes:-

 Acid rain and the building of dams
have their share of harmful
effects.
 The race to produce cash crops
such as fruit, spices, sugar
tobacco, soap, rubber, paper, and
cloth has given cause to many to
try to farm them by using soil and
other products.
 Industrialized countries may
participate in the destruction of
forests in the 3rd world.
 The need for products in
industrialized countries drives
production in other poorer, less
developed countries.
 This production is at the cost of
EFFECTS
 Deforestation presents multiple societal
and environmental problems.
 The immediate and long-term
consequences of global deforestation are
almost certain to jeopardize life on Earth
as we know it.
 Some of these consequences include:
 loss of biodiversity;
 the destruction of forest-based-societies
 climatic disruption.
EFFECTS
EROSION flooding
 The underlying soils are very  Flooding is a quite serious
poor . consequence of
 essential nutrients are washed
out of the soil all-together. deforestation.
 about 80% of the soils in the  Clearing the forest
humid tropics are acidic and dramatically increases the
infertile surface run-off from rainfall.
 rainfall washes remaining
nutrients into rivers.
 "Tropical forests can receive
 replanting trees will not as much rain in an hour as
necessarily help to solve the London would expect in a
problems of deforestation. wet month.
 cultivation in the forest regions  In tropical regions where the
will be impossible.
 The soil erosion will lead to forests are dense, flooding is
permanent impoverishment of not as serious a problem.
huge land areas.  to avoid the disastrous
 The social impact of soil
EFFECTS
EFFECT TO
Climatic change BIODIVERSITY
 It is due to the loss of trees.  Forests are natural habitats to
 Earth has an atmosphere which many types of animals and
contains a variety of gases, all in organisms.
a delicate balance, to ensure life  Many animals are left without
on Earth. shelters.
 The gas in atmosphere is  Those that manage to go through
carbon dioxide; a gas which the flat lands and residential sites
helps moderate heat loss to are then killed by people.
outer space.
 There are millions of plant and
extinct animal species that have
 Insulating gases such as carbon been wiped out
dioxide are called "greenhouse  Thus, biodiversity is significantly
gasses lowered because of the savage
 Greenhouse gases include deforestation
methane, chlorofluorocarbons,
nitrous oxide, and ozone.
 The process of greenhouse gas
 Wildlife advocates have been
increase is quite simple. constantly reminding that several
wild animals left in the world could
 The effects of deforestation are still be saved if deforested forests
widely ranging and can be
Controlling
Deforestation
Farming Reforestation

 New methods are being  In many parts of the


developed to farm more worldreforestation and
afforestation are
intensively.
increasing the area of
 In cyclic agriculture, cattle forested lands.
are grazed on farm land  the government should
that is resting and pass law stating that
rejuvenating. every able-bodied citizen
 Cyclic agriculture actually between the ages of 11
increases the fertility of and 60 plant three to five
the soil. trees per year.
 Intensive farming can
 Afforestation is required
to repair the damage
also decrease soil
Conclusion
 We as human beings may not understand the
severity of the possible consequences that
deforestation poses.
 Since deforestation has had no severe effect on
us yet, we ignore the problem.
 The simple fact is that the more paper we use,
the more forests need to be cut down to serve
our paper needs.
 We might be killing our chances of finding the
cures for diseases such as Cancer, Aids, Multiple
Sclerosis, or a multitude of others.
 The only way to ensure that we will not encounter
any of the consequences of deforestation is to
stop destroying the forests all together
 Exercise the same at all levels of life
 The sad fact is that once the forests are gone, we