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VIKSAT Managing Social Project

Presented by111339 Rajesh Samiani 111340 Randeep Arora 111341 Rishabh Mittal 111342 Rohit Naidu 111343 Sachin Padhya 111344 Sahil Vyas 111345 Shantanu Nilosey

Introduction
VIKSAT stands for Vikram Sarabhai Centre for Development Interaction Established in the year 1977 Working under Nehru Foundation for Development (NFD) The main objective behind VIKSAT is to take necessary steps in proactive manner to conserve the environment
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Introduction ctd.
Initially, VIKSAT worked for promotion of afforestation and wasteland development programme with Government in Bhiloda (Sabarkantha district) This was further expanded through support functions which also included engagement in training

Managing Social Projects ( VIKSAT )

Introduction ctd.
Hence, right from its beginning, VIKSAT has made its identity both as a field as well as a support organization. At present, VIKSAT has now emerged as a professional support institution which promotes community based approaches for sustainable natural resource management

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Introduction ctd.

VIKSAT has five field offices in four districts of Gujarat Bhiloda, Kheroj in Sabarkantha district Satlasana in Mehsana district Kukam in Kachchh district Radhanpur in Patan district Its head office is located in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

Managing Social Projects ( VIKSAT )

Thematic Areas
VIKSAT has taken up several challenging and field programs in the following fields: 1) Forest Management 2) Water Management 3) Institution and Capacity Building 4) Sustainable Livelihood

Forest Management
VIKSAT involves local communities in the protection and management of forests with a goal of sustainability in forestry. VIKSAT motivates TGCS to take up JFM activities by providing them training in the technical and organizational aspects. VIKSAT helps in developing communication aids such as training manuals, posters and videos.

Forest Management-Projects
Projects which are currently being undertaken by VIKSAT in the field of Forest Management are: 1)Project on Evolving Participatory Approaches for Community based NRM 2)Project on Ecological and Economic Research Network (EERN) 3)Project on Micro-plan Implementation 4)Project on SAKSHAM

Water Management
VIKSAT has extended its activity to the water sector based upon the learnings from its Forestry program. Identify potentially viable options to manage ground water globally. Suggest policy guidelines for development and management of groundwater.

Water Management-Project
Projects undertaken by VIKSAT: 1) Project on strengthening Peoples Institutions in Groundwater management 2) The Drought Relief Project 3) Project on Local Strategies for Water Supply and Conservation Management 4) Project on Water scarcity and Pollution problems in Sabarmati River Basin with an approach to basin management.

Institution and Capacity Building


VIKSATs core approach has been to nurture, manage and build capacity of the institutions in general and peoples institution in particular because of the belief that quality of the institution is must for the growth and development of the community

Sustainable Livelihood

VIKSAT has taken up a new project under livelihood domain titled Promoting Sustainable Natural Resource Management through Peoples Institutions under larger Umbrella Program for Natural Resource Management (UPNRM) being executed by NABARD. The program aims to develop alternative financing solutions and to institutionalize community-based public private partnership (PPP) approaches for the natural resource sector for sustainable livelihood generation. UPNRM is an approach to support financially viable models for productive resource management and also to facilitate private sector involvement in a partnership mode for the implementation of public investment Programs for rural areas.

Organization Structure

Director Program Coordinator


Worker Worker

Program Coordinator
Worker Worker

Organization Structure

VIKSAT follows FLAT Organization Structure Runs on Project to Project basis

Director

&

Coordinators

focus

on

program

development Coordinator and team implement project

Organization Structure

Each Staff member takes up leadership roles at their levels.

Development and refining of leadership skills

Strategy
Operates at both field operations level and resource center Specialization in the areas of Forestry and Water

management.
Expertise in field implementation, research, training and documentation

Strategy
Not purely a technical agency Objectives: promote principles of participation, equity

and gender justice in Forest Management and Water


Management

Services
Community capacity building to derive benefits from Water Management & Forest Management Derive understanding on new methods and processes in Water Management & Forest Management for wider replication Provide training support Facilitate small groups access to small funding Facilitate conducive environment for upscaling Provide Information Facilitate multi stakeholder interaction

Literature Review NPO Sector in India


Articles Defining the nonprofit sector A cross National analysis, NGO Sector in India Governance and Risk Challenges and NGO Research Program: A Collective Action Perspective

In India role of NPO is quite different owing to Indias complexity Post 1947 Era of Gandhian NPOs State driven initiatives. 1960s and 70s saw welfare-oriented and empowerment-oriented NPOs. 1980s and 90s Formation of NGOs Emergence of NGO sector to be a credible force particularly for the masses at the bottom of the economic pyramid.

Literature Review Contd

Strategizing issues, tactics and the organizational structures to achieve these goals. Like firms they face constraints regarding resource mobilization, organizational dynamics, and competition for market share. Implementation of a strategic framework is important in the management of an NGO. Foreign aid to NGOs possible these days.

Challenges
Agency effect Institutional Efficacy Lack of or limited access to professional management expertise Financial inefficiencies and malpractices Vested organised crime and political interests Extremism and terrorism High risks of money laundering

Solutions
Financial Prudence Internal Controls Mechanisms Management Efficiencies Defining the Geographical based Internal Control Requirements in the Operations of NGOs Impeding the misuse of the image of NGOs and mistrust Bridging the gap between the top-most management and the grass-root level volunteers Importance of Strategic Leadership for NGOs

Literature Review Contribution towards Forestry


Joint Forest Management (JFM) a programme introduced in 1990 towards the forest- dwelling communities Objectives of the programme
To elicit active participation of villagers in creation, management and protection of plantations To achieve ecological needs with sustainable productivity of wood and other non timber forest resources

JFM Objectives contd

To productively utilise the degraded wasteland thereby checking soil erosion To create and generate forest-based economy for the villagers

Article on Forest Management in India


The article examines the role of monitoring, which is crucial for effective participatory common property management Various factors affect the governance of a common pool resource such as forests Role of Monitoring to ensure rule compliance, to guard forest areas against outsider entry, to examine the effectiveness of forest management

Contd

Study on three communities (Deulgaon, Ranvahi and Markegaon)

Three different institutional structures communityinitiated, NGO-supported and JFM-sponsored Development of rule structure different among the institutional regimes

Linkages
At Viksat, Joint Forest Management (JFM) includes community interventions such as protection and affirmation of economic activities Capacity Building of Peoples institutions SAKSHAM

Training to Institutionalize Joint Forest Management

Recognition
1997 -- National Award Indira Priyardarshini Vrishamitra Puraskar in field of afforestation and wastelands development. 2002 -- National Award Indira Priyardarshini Vrishamitra Puraskar in category of Village Level Institutions, 2002 World summit on sustainanbale growth, Johannesburg, South Africa. 2005 Gram Sangthan Paritoshik, Ahmedabad.

Forestry Development, 2010-11


Human resource support as site manager for 3 forest
Assistance to division & range office. Assistance to forest division staff.

Develop & maintain grass plots and build to utilize available grass for animal husbandry under project GUIDE for 14 villages in Kachchh district. National Environment Awareness Campaign theme for 2010-11 was Biodiversity Conservation.

Land & Water Development, 2010-11

Two main Watershed Projects


Sembaliya Watershed project. Navamota Watershed project. Ratanpur & Matarvada Watershed projects held meeting with nearly 768 peopl including 630 males and 128 females of the 6 villages. These projects completed Shramdaan phase.

Sustainable Livelihood 2010-11


Promotion of horticulture Grafting Activities in 3 villages where 200 tress were grafted. Drought Proofing Program (DPP) Implemented in 14 villages in Bhuj taluka.
Enhance livelihood security. Adopt conservation approach.

Milk Market & Animal Care Services


Fodder Cattle feed

Helpline for Animal Care 24hr helpline. Drenching 1640 cattle underwent drenching across 6 villages. Natural Resource Management(NRM) livelihood 1. Benefited 92 Self Help Groups (SHGs) and 2Farmer Clubs 2. 1.02 crore financial assistance to 444 people of these institutions.

Asset creation 50 lacs out of 57 lacs was borrowed for buffaloes by 212 members (nearly 77%). Project Outcomes: Women Empowerment Increase in Productivity Increase in Income Promotion of good practices Promotion of Micro Irrigation System (MIS)

Vegetable Farming Formation of SHGs & FGs Agriculture Demonstration Promotion of low cost green house Distribution of seed kits. Crop demonstration
Castor Crop Demonstration Cumin Crop Demonstration Organic Cumin Crop Demonstration

Other development Activities


Cattle Camps Medical Camps Peoples Institutions Exposure Visits Technology Transfer Trainings Micro planning.

Learnings
Through desk research :
Need for NGOs in our system Working of an NGO Some of the problems faced by NGOs (Will be based on lit. review)

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Learnings ctd.
Through guest lectures :
Reality of life and problems of various groups of people like migrant workers, women, children, the poor and even, environment Activities taken up by various NGOs to help them

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Learnings ctd.
Through field visits :
Management of an NGO Concepts of management studied applicable to NGOs like Segmentation & Targeting, Marketing, Workforce management, training, research, networking, communication, Financial aspects like funding etc. Integration need of Government and Nongovernment organizations, Peoples Institutes and Community people for a successful execution of a project
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Learnings ctd.
Apart from that :
Co-ordination with VIKSAT while keeping both parties objectives satisfied was also a challenging task for us

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