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Rational Numbers

Class Assignment

c = -3:

3. |b| + 7

4. a - |c|

5. |a| + |b|

6. 6|b|

Activity

For this activity each circle is worth “one”

+ is positive

- is negative

You can represent a number by drawing

that amount of counters on your paper.

Your Turn

On your paper use the counters to

represent the following numbers

2. -8 - - - - - - - -

3. +2 + +

4. -6 - - - - - -

5. +10 + + + + + + + + + + +

Zero Pairs

When adding the counters together you

remove zero pairs to get the solution

A zero pair is 1 red counter and 1 yellow

counter

Example: -3+2=

Draw 3 negative counters and 2 positive

counters on your paper like this:

- + negative cancel each other out. Cross

them out. Whatever is left is the answer.

- +

- The answer is -3 + 2 = -1

Draw the counters to illustrate the problem

5 + (-2)

Draw 5 positive counters on your paper

Draw 2 negative counters on your paper

Remove the zero pairs to get your answer

+ -

+ -

+

+

5 + (-2) = 3

+

Use the counters to illustrate the problem

7 + (-5)

Draw 7 positive counters on your paper

Draw 5 negative counters on your paper

Remove the zero pairs to get your answer

+ + - -

+ + - - =2

+ + -

+

Your Turn

Draw the counters to illustrate the

problem

-1+1

And the answer is…

The discovery you should

have made during this

activity is…

When adding integers, if

the signs are the same

you add and keep the

sign…

Ifthe signs are different

you actually subtract and

KEEP THE SIGN OF THE

LARGER NUMBER…

the higher Absolute Value

Opposites

Before we can go on to subtracting

integers, I need to make sure that we

all understand “what is the opposite”?.

Raise you hand if you know the answer

to the question…

What is the opposite of 5? -5

What is the opposite of 12? -12

What is the opposite of -35? 35

Subtracting Integers

The rule for subtracting integers is:

To subtract integers,

just add its opposite

Here is what that looks like…

3–5=

First you have to know what the

opposite of 5 is…in this case -5

Second you need to add the opposite,

therefore the equation changes to

3 + (-5) =

Then you follow the rules

for adding integers

Example

7 – (-15) =

7 + 15 = 22

When

SUBTRACTING…

…just ADD THE OPPOSITE !!!

Example # 4

-30 – (-20) =

-10

-30 + 20 =

When SUBTRACTING…

Your Turn

1. 6 – (-7) =

2. - 5 – (-19) =

3. - 14 – (-2) =

Observations

You might have already made

the observation that when

see a

double negative you change

it to a plus.

8 + 8 = 16

8 – (-8) =

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