You are on page 1of 90

An Introduction to NetApp Hardware

NetApp Accredited Storage Architect Program (ASAP)

Module Overview
In this module, we will cover the following: Enterprise storage hardware Performance parameters Tools and resources

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

Module Objectives
By the end of this module, you should be able to: Describe NetApp enterprise hardware
FAS2000, 31XX, 6000 NearStore VTL, V-Series Near-line storage

Identify the various drive types available


FC, SAS, SATA

Discuss NetApp deduplication Identify available resources

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

Hardware Overview

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

Agenda
Enterprise Storage Hardware
Overview FAS2000, 31XX, 6000 NearStore VTL, VSeries SATA, SAS, FC RLM, ESH, AT-FCX Performance parameters

Near-line storage
NearStore FAS Deduplication Virtualization Solutions V-Series Tools & Resources

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

Hardware Overview
Enterprise Storage Hardware

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Storage System Family


Enterprise Data Center

Midrange Data Center Remote Office Department Midsize Enterprise


FAS3160 FAS3140

FAS6080

FAS6040

FAS3170

FAS2050

FAS2020

Scalable Performance and Capacity Single Unified Architecture

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

Networked Storage Topology


SAN
Enterprise Departmental Enterprise

NAS
Departmental

iSCSI Fibre Channel Dedicated Ethernet Corporate LAN

SAN (Block)

NAS (File)

NetApp FAS

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Product Overview


Primary Storage Remote/ Small Office Near-line Storage Virtualization Solutions

FAS6000 and FAS3100 Series


Unified Enterpriseclass Storage

FAS2000 and FAS200 Series S family


Remote and Small Office Storage

NearStore
Economical Secondary Storage

V-Series
Intelligent Gateway for Heterogeneous Storage

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Product Overview (Cont.)


Data ONTAP Operating SystemCIFS, NFS, FC, iSCSI
Management and Automation
Operations Manager SnapManager SnapDrive SecureAdmin ApplianceWatch

Storage Resource Management


Operations Manager Protection Manager FilerView MultiStore VFM (Virtual File Manager) SnapMover FlexClone

Information Availability
Snapshot SnapRestore SnapMirror SnapVault SnapLock Clustered Failover SyncMirror MetroCluster LockVault

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

10

Product Overview Data ONTAP GX Solutions


IS1200 Search and Index Appliance Kazeon Announced 02/2006 Integration of Spinnaker Technology Acquired 02/2004
SnapMirror for Open Systems

ReplicatorX Topio Acquired 12/2006

2004

2005

2006
Decru DATAFORT Products Decru Acquired 06/2005

2007

NearStore VTL Alacritus Acquired 04/2005

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

11

Modular Appliances
do not call them filers!

Disk shelves

Controllers

Disk shelves

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

12

Data ONTAP Storage Appliances


All capable of: NAS and SAN SnapMirror for DR SnapVault for backup and restore
FAS6070 1176TB FAS6040 FAS6030 FAS3170 FAS3160 FAS3140 FAS2050 FAS2020 672TB 65TB 99TB 420TB 840TB 840TB 840TB 1008TB

FAS6080

*Capacity numbers subject to increases


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

All can: Have high-availability configuration Have NearStore license added Use SnapLock for compliance
13

FAS2000 Series Architecture Highlights


FAS2000 series is a new NetApp entry enterprise platform Faster CPU and memory architecture High-availability cluster in a box Either SATA or SAS storage architecture Increased onboard I/O connectivity Introduces BMC (Baseboard Management Controller) remote management technology Requires Data ONTAP 7.2.2L1

SAS and SATA disks available internally


FC and SATA disks available externally RoHS compliant (hazardous substances)
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 14

All in One Appliance Controller and Disks in the Same Unit


High availability configuration capable Expandable with external drive shelves Backplane interconnect

FAS2050 Front

4U

FAS2050 Head Module


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. 15

FAS2050 Key Specifications

4U height, 20x internal SAS or SATA drive bays Single controller or dual controller (high availability) Up to 104 TB total storage 104 drives 4-Gb cache memory

iSCSI and NAS Four GbE ports FC SAN, FC Tape, FC-AL storage expansion Four 4-Gb FC ports I/O expandability Two PCIe slots Onboard remote management 10/100 Base-T port
16

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

FAS2020 Key Specifications

2U height, 12x internal SAS or SATA drive bays Single controller or dual controller (high availability) Up to 68 TB total storage 68 drives 2-Gb cache memory

iSCSI and NAS

Four GbE ports


FC-SAN, FC Tape, FC-AL storage expansion

Four 4-Gb FC ports


Onboard remote management 10/100 Base-T port

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

17

FAS2000 Architecture Comparison


FAS250
CPU Architecture Memory (1) MIPS 512 MB

FAS270*
(2) MIPS 2 Gb

FAS2020*
(2) x86 2 Gb

FAS2050*
(2) x86 4 Gb

NVMEM
Cluster Interconnect Remote Management

64 MB
N/A N/A

256 MB
Onboard RDMA over GbE Ethernet N/A

256 MB
Onboard InfiniBand x4 (IB) BMC Ethernet port

512 MB
Onboard InfiniBand x4 (IB) BMC Ethernet port

*All Internal Drive


FC Ports

specs areFC for high availability active-active configuration. FC SAS or SATA SAS or SATA
None
One 2-Gb copper port for tape

PCIe Expansion

None
Two 2-Gb optical ports for FC SAN or tape and two 2-Gb copper ports for DS14mk2 shelves

None
Four 4-Gb optical ports, each configurable as Target or Initiator

2 (x8 PCIe)
Four 4-Gb optical ports, each configurable as Target or Initiator

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

18

Data ONTAP Storage Appliances FAS 3X00


All capable of: NAS and SAN SnapMirror for DR SnapVault for backup and restore
FAS6070 1176TB FAS6040 FAS6030 FAS3170 FAS3160 FAS3140 FAS2050 FAS2020 672TB 65TB 99TB 420TB 840TB 840TB 1008TB

FAS6080

840TB

*Capacity numbers subject to increases


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

All can: Have high availability configuration Have NearStore license added Use SnapLock for compliance
19

FAS31XX Series Overview


Modular system with integrated I/O 8 integrated 4-Gb FC 4 integrated GbE Occupies 6 rack units (3U per head) Superior scalability With 8 PCIe slots* Up to 40 Fibre Channel ports** Up to 36 Gigabit Ethernet ports**
All specs are enterprise active-active configuration PCIe on 3140, 3160 & 3170

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

20

FAS31XX Series Details


Scalability FAS3170 FAS3160 FAS3140

Active/Active Configuration

Single Controller

Active/Active Configuration

Single Controller

Active/Active Configuration

Single Controller

Maximum Number of Disk Drives

840

840

672

672

420

420

Maximum Raw Capacity (TB)

840

840

672

672

420

420

Maximum Drives per Back-end (Disk) FC Loop

84

84

84

84

84

84

Memory (ECC) Non volatile Memory

32GB

16GB

16GB

8GB

8GB

4GB 512MB

4GB

2GB

4GB

2GB

1GB

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

21

FAS3100 Series Rear View


Controller module Console port e0a port e0a port 4 Adapter expansion slots RLM port

Power supplies

Console port RLM port Controller module e0a port e0a port

4 OnBoard Fibre Channel ports

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

22

FAS9x0 Versus FAS3000


USE SIZERS!!! For example:
Though the FAS3100 series has a newer, faster CPU, the FAS900 has more memory

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

23

Data ONTAP Storage Appliances FAS6000


All capable of: NAS and SAN SnapMirror for DR SnapVault for backup and restore
FAS6070 1176TB FAS6040 FAS6030 FAS3170 FAS3160 FAS3140 FAS2050 FAS2020 672TB 65TB 99TB 420TB 840TB 840TB 840TB 1008TB

FAS6080

*Capacity numbers subject to increases


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

All can: Have high availability configuration Have NearStore license added Use SnapLock for compliance
24

Powerful Controller of FAS6000 Series Enables Massive Scalability


FAS6030
Processors (64 bit) NVRAM Memory PCI-X/e Slots Onboard I/O Max Spindles Max Storage Capacity 4 NV6 (1 GB) 32 GB 16 12 GbE 16X2Gb FC 840 840 TB

FAS6040
4 NV6 (1 GB) 32 GB 16 12 GbE 16X4Gb FC 840 840 TB

FAS6070
8 NV6 (4 GB) 64 GB 16 12 GbE 16X2Gb FC 1008 1008 TB

FAS6080
16 NV6 (4 GB) 64 GB 16 12 GbE 16X4Gb FC 1176 1176 TB

All specifications are for a dual, active-active controller configuration


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. 25

FAS6000 Rear
2 x GbE Cu NICs NVRAM6 Power Supplies

RLM

2 x GbE Cu NICs

4 x FC (Fib)

4 x FC (Fib)

2 x GbE Cu NICs

Console Port

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

26

Mini Exercise I Want a New Card


Customer has a FAS3020 and loves it so much they want to use it for more They need more ports and want to buy a 2 port copper GigE card Controller is running ONTAP 7.0.4 Please tell them which card they need and the best slots for placement

Hint: Use NOW (NetApp on the Web) site, System Configuration Guide
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 27

Upgrade Paths
Flexible upgrade options Typically no data migration Investment protection

FAS6000

FAS3070

FAS3040

FAS3020

FAS270

FAS250

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

28

Growth Path to a High-End System


FAS3070
Upgrade To Upgrade Path to High-End System New Controllers? Different Disks? Different SW? Data Migration? Staff Retraining? FAS6000 Yes No No No No

EMC CX3-80
Symmetrix DMX-3 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

HP EVA8000
XP12000 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

EMC and HP upgrade paths to high-end system: Rip, replace, and retrain No other vendor can protect storage investments like NetApp
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. 30

Hardware Overview NVRAM

NVRAM and its use in cluster failover Hard drive comparisons Back-end connectivity

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

31

NVRAM6 Picture
512 MB/2 Gb DIMM 3-Cell Battery

IB CFO Connectors

2-Cell Battery (2 Gb Version Only)

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

32

NVRAM / Dual Controller Configurations


FC-AL

Controller A
NVRAM

Controller Interconnect - Heartbeat - NVRAM Mirroring NVRAM

Controller B

Clients/Hosts

Clients/Hosts

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

33

NVRAM / Dual Controller Configurations (Cont.)


FC-AL

Controller A
NVRAM

Controller Interconnect - Heartbeat - NVRAM Mirroring NVRAM

Controller B

Clients/Hosts

Clients/Hosts

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

34

Hardware Overview Hard Drive Comparisons

NVRAM and its use in cluster failover Hard drive comparisons Back-end connectivity

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

35

What is SAS?
Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) is the logical evolution of SCSI that satisfies the enterprise data center requirement for scalability, performance, reliability and manageability, while leveraging a common

electrical and physical interface with Serial ATA


(SATA). This compatibility provides users with unprecedented choices for server and storage subsystem deployment.
Source: SCSI Trade Association Organization (Emphasis Added)
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 36

How are SAS and FC Similar?


SAS disks are mechanically the same as FC disks except for the drive interface
Same magnetic, mechanical, electronic, and microcode technologies Same rotational speeds Same reliability
FC*
Rotational Speed Avg Rotational Latency Seek Time Avg Read/Write Transfer Rate (Max) Interface Ports 15,000 rpm 2.0 ms 3.5 / 4.0 ms 125 MB/sec sustained 2

SAS*
15,000 rpm 2.0 ms 3.5 / 4.0 ms 125 MB/sec sustained 2

* For FC and SAS drive specifications: http://www.seagate.com/docs/pdf/datasheet/disc/ds_cheetah_15k_5.pdf


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. 37

Target SAS Usage


SAS versus SATA provides:
Higher performance Higher IOPS with faster response times Higher IOPS performance required by small random read intensive application workloads Typical of Microsoft Exchange and OLTP

SAS and FC drives are priced the same initially


Comparable performance and reliability same price Over time, higher production volumes should enable SAS drive prices to be lower than FC FC drives will be gradually phased out by drive manufacturers
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 38

What is SATA?

Serial ATA
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment Enhanced parallel ATA Faster transfer speeds (150 Mbps +) Thin cable connections (7-pin)

Primary SATA storage is


A storage hardware option for controllers Intended for primary applications Intended to better match application storage requirements with solution costs
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 39

Primary SATA Storage


Target markets
Latency-insensitive primary applications!!! Home directories Data warehouses Instances where customer primary applications do not require peak storage performance (this analysis is mandatory) Once application fit is assured For highly competitive deals To freeze competition out of opportunities To craft better tuned solutions
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 40

Disk Latencies ATA Versus FC


FibreChannel vs. ATA Disk Drive Performance
ATA 5.4k RPM ATA 7.2k RPM ATA 10k RPM ATA 15k RPM

160

140
Average Response Time (in milliseconds)

120

100

80

60

40

20

0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260

4k Random Read IOPS per Data Drive

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

41

Improving Disk Response Time

If the customer wants 2000 IOPS at 20 ms: How many drives? About 75 5.4K ATA? About 50 7.2K ATA? About 19 10K FC? About 11 15K FC? Which is cheapest? 15K RPM disks cost 30% more per drive than 10K, but they will be the least expensive way to meet this requirement
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 42

A Case for RAID-DP


System Reliability Event
Typical Disk Drive Replacements (per year per 100 drives) Bit Error Likelihood (per spindle) Bit Error Likelihood Single Parity (per reconstruction of an 8-Drive RAID 4/5 Set) Bit Error Likelihood Dual Parity (per reconstruction of an 8-Drive RAID-DP Set)

FC
13 0.2% 1.6%

SATA
25 2.3% 18.4%

< 1 in a billion

RAID-DP is mandatory to enable primary application reliability


SATA drives are twice as likely to fail Drive failures result in RAID reconstructions twice as many SATA reconstructions Five reconstructions per year nearly 100% chance of data loss from bit error with RAID 5

RAID-DP buries the bit error risk


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. 43

When To Sell Which Drive

If the customers requirement is for bytes, not performance, sell ATA


ATA drives are only inexpensive if there is no responsetime requirement

If the customers requirement is for latencyconstrained performance, sell 15K FC drives


15K drives have high cost per byte 15K drives offer the lowest cost per operation at a fixed latency

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

45

Hardware Overview Back-End Connectivity

NVRAM and its use in cluster failover Hard drive comparisons Back-end connectivity

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

46

What Does Remote LAN Module (RLM) Do?


Remote platform management built-into the appliance
Remote power control Remote console access ONTAP CLI, firmware and system diagnostics Secure network interface (SSH) Call home - down controller notifications Initiate core-dump (CPU NMI Interrupt) Access to system logs from a down appliance Non-volatile HW system event logs Captured console logs Software events POST logs Battery backup on board

New features will be added through SW upgrades integration with DFM, support console
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 47

FAS Back-Side Connectivity

ESH modules AT-FCX Disk types and I/O speeds


Zeroing Maintenance center Architecting for latency

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

48

ESH Modules
End-to-End 4 Gbps*

Server HBAs (4 Gbps) DS14mk4/ESH4 with New 4 Gb 15K Drives Enables 4 Gbps FC Back-End Performance FC Switch (4 Gbps) FAS HBAs (4 Gbps) 15K Enclosure (4 Gbps)

New!

New!

New 4 Gbps 15k Hard Drives

* With 4Gb FC SAN


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. 49

X5512A-R5 ESH4 Module


Input LED Output LED Fault LED LED Reserved for Future Functionality

SFP Cage Input

SFP Cage Output

4 Gbps Link Speed LED

2 Gbps Link Speed LED

1 Gbps Link Speed LED

Loop speed switch (shelf):


4, 2, and 1 Gbps speed settings loop speed must be manually set; ESH4 auto-detects

Termination switch:
ESH4 is self-terminating no switch needed

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

50

X5512A-R5 ESH4 Module (Cont.)


Input LED Output LED Fault LED LED Reserved for Future Functionality

SFP Cage Input

SFP Cage Output

4 Gbps Link Speed LED

2 Gbps Link Speed LED

1 Gbps Link Speed LED

Host-to-shelf cabling:
Controller to ESH4 uses optical cable

Inter-shelf cabling:
ESH4 uses SFP-SFP cable

SFP module:
ESH4 to controller uses optical 4 Gbps SFP module
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. 51

ESH Modules
DS14MK4 - Rear
X553A-R5 (AC Power Supplies) PSU2 Back Panel ESH4 Module A PSU1

ESH4 Module B

PSU Status Normal LED

AC Fault LED

Fan Fault LED

Power Fault LED

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

52

LRC Versus ESH


Classic Arbitrated Loop Loop with Switched Hub

LRC-A

LRC-B
d3 d2

d4 d5 d6 d2 d3

d4 d5 d6

d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7

d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 d1

ESH-A

d7

d1

ESH-B

d7

d8 d9 d10 d11 d12 d13 d14

d8 d9 d10 d11 d12 d13 d14

d14

d8 d9 d12 d10 d11

d14

d8 d9 d12 d11 d10

d13

d13

To Next Shelf A

To Next Shelf B Disks drives directly connected to loop

To Next Shelf A To Next Shelf B Loop of switched hubs; disks pt-pt connected to hub

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

53

AT-FCX Module

Similar to ESH2 2 Gb default loop speed Optical SFPs, same as for ESH modules No termination switch

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

54

General Performance Notes

Managing fragmentation Memory of NetApp systems CIFS performance iSCSI versus FCP

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

55

Reallocate Command
Available in Data ONTAP 7.0 and later
Runs in background at non-busy times

Useful for:
Improving spatial locality of files and LUNS Solving sequential read performance problems

Cautions
Reallocate works by rewriting files Cannot move data locked into Snapshot copies If there are Snapshot copies present, requires sufficient free space Rewritten data is changed data, and SnapMirror will move the changed blocks
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 56

Reallocate Command
Full Reallocation, Defragmented

Data

Data

Data

Data

Data

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

57

Memory Considerations
More memory on host helps when
Few, large host systems Large data sets, but not shared among hosts Very wide application data foot prints Almost always

More memory on controller helps when


Many hosts, with shared data Large metadata needs Lots of big deep directories Certain applications with wide data foot prints Exchange, large databases
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 58

Memory Considerations (Cont.)

Tradeoffs
In some configurations, a performance tradeoff exists More memory can mean less disks needed Less memory can mean more disks needed Slower disks need more memory, faster disks need less

Summary
Consider application and architecture of customer Understand your customers environment Use NetApp white papers and sizing tools
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 59

Protocol Performance
CIFS Performance CIFS is not really a high-performance protocol, Each connection has low performance demand, BUT Tens of thousands of CIFS users IS a high-performance load Consolidation of CIFS users is great candy Careful consideration and sizing needed Use home directory sizing guide Use Custom Application Sizing tool WHEN POSSIBLE, correlate CIFS usage with statistics collection very powerful Be aware of anti-virus needs Be aware of advanced CIFS features (for example SMB signing, quotas, oplocks) Consolidation means CIFS environments are expected to be high performance, so these environments need careful attention
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 60

Protocol Performance (Cont.)


iSCSI versus FCP Often a business, political, or religious choice
Let the customer choose FCP already, then FCP Cost conscious? Think iSCSI! Many non-performance reasons to pick one

Performance factors
iSCSI SW easy and cheap Uses more CPU (on host and storage) - often not an issue iSCSI HW Typical NIC cost - CPU consumption is less than SW Bandwidth - FCP wire is typically 2X Ethernet wire However, rarely an issue (just use multiple wires)

For the vast majority of cases, iSCSI performance is similar to FCP; other factors typically force the choice
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 61

A Few Traps to Avoid


Do not size based exclusively on price or capacity Do not try to size or compare a controller performance with single threaded tests like dd or mv

Do not promise that a controller is always faster than local storage


Do not use SFS/Netbench or SPC1 number for sizing purposes Do not assume that customers always know their environment whenever possible collect data to verify assumptions
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 62

Agenda Near-Line Storage


Enterprise Storage Hardware
Overview FAS2000, 31XX, 6000 NearStore VTL, VSeries SATA, SAS, FC RLM, ESH, AT-FCX Performance Parameters

Near-line Storage
NearStore FAS deduplication Virtualization solutions V-Series Tools & Resources

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

63

The FAS Product Line and NearStore


All capable of: NAS and SAN Having high availability option Supporting the NearStore license
FAS6070 1176TB FAS6040 FAS6030 FAS3170 FAS3160 FAS3140 FAS2050 FAS2020 672TB 65TB 99TB 420TB 840TB 840TB 840TB 1008TB

FAS6080

*R200 Past EOA, Still Supported


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

All can: Use SnapVault for backup and restore Use SnapMirror for disaster recovery Use SnapLock for compliance
64

NearStore Portfolio

NearStore on FAS6000 NearStore on FAS31XX


FAS6030 FAS3170 FAS3160 FAS3140 FAS6070

FAS6040

NearStore on FAS

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

65

NearStore Portfolio (Cont.)


NearStore on FAS6000 NearStore on FAS31XX
FAS6030 VTL1400 FAS3170 VTL300 FAS3160 FAS3140 VTL700

FAS6070

FAS6040

NearStore VTL NearStore on FAS

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

66

Technical Positioning When to Sell


Instances where customer primary applications do not require peak storage performance (this analysis is mandatory) NPL (NearStore Personality License) Now clusterable Once application fit is assured To craft better-tuned solutions For highly competitive deals To freeze competition out of opportunities
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 67

Deduplication

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

68

Overview of FAS Deduplication

Reduces storage use by sharing identical data blocks Eliminates redundancy within a flexible volume Works well on data sets that have a lot of duplication, for example archives Also known as dedupe, data deduplication, dense volumes, redundancy elimination

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

69

FAS Deduplication in Action


Presentation.ppt Presentation.ppt

20 x 4K Blocks = Identical Blocks

Identical File 20 Blocks

Without FAS Deduplication 74 Total Blocks

With FAS Deduplication - 38 Total Blocks Presentation.ppt Resume.doc

Edited File - 24 Blocks


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

Different File - 10 Blocks


70

WAFL Block Sharing (Not New)


Supports block sharing within one file system tree Tracks the number of references to a block using a new reference count metafile
INODE 1 INODE 2

IND

IND

IND

IND

DATA

DATA

DATA

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

71

Hardware and Software Requirements

No special software requirements besides NPL Supported platforms


NearStore R 200-series FAS3020, FAS3040, FAS3050 and FAS3070 with NearStore option FAS6030 and FAS6070 with NearStore option ASIS ASIS1 license will automatically migrate to ASIS For ASIS1 only license ASIS license needs to be issued

License required

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

72

Supported Configurations
Flexible volumes only FAS deduplication volumes
Volume SnapMirror Qtree SnapMirror

FAS deduplication FAQ


http://my.netapp.com/psweb/jsp/DownloadContent.jsp?dDoc Name=P_026704

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

73

V-Series

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

74

Agenda Virtualization Solutions


Enterprise Storage Hardware
Overview FAS2000, 31XX, 6000 NearStore VTL, V-Series SATA, SAS, FC RLM, ESH, AT-FCX Performance parameters

Near-line storage
NearStore FAS deduplication Virtualization solutions V-Series Tools & resources

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

75

Storage and Data Management Challenges


Diverse data management across heterogeneous storage systems
Data protection and disaster recovery Poor asset utilization Data migration

Rising total cost of ownership


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. 76

The Traditional Heterogeneous Storage Model


Vendor A Vendor B Vendor C

SAN
Enterprise

SAN
Departmental

NAS
Enterprise

NAS
Departmental

Fibre Channel

iSCSI

Ethernet

LAN

Each vendors environment has a unique management interface and data management suite
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. 77

Networked Storage Topology


SAN
Enterprise Departmental Enterprise

NAS
Departmental

iSCSI Fibre Channel Dedicated Ethernet Corporate LAN

SAN (Block) NetApp V-Series

NAS (File)

Heterogeneous Storage Arrays

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

78

V-Series Solution Unified Multiprotocol Storage


Multiprotocol controller that enables environments with heterogeneous arrays to run Data ONTAP Consolidate file and block workloads into a single system NFS, CIFS iSCSI, FCP Support for IBM, HDS, HP, EMC, FUJITSU, and 3PAR storage arrays Single, simple management interface for heterogeneous storage Adapt dynamically to changing performance and capacity needs
http://eng-web.nane.netapp.com/projects/V-Series/V-Series_Sales_Edge/index.html
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 79

V-Series Logical Topology


FC and iSCSI LUNs

FlexVol volumes

V-Series Front-End

Aggregate

Disk RAID Group

Disk RAID Group

Disk RAID Group

Storage Array Back-End

Storage Array LUN


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

Storage Array LUN

Storage Array LUN


80

V-Series Product Family


V6070

V6030

V3070 420TB V3050 252TB V3040 168TB V3020 126TB

504TB

84TB

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

81

V-Series Multiprotocol Solution in Single System


NAS Gateway FC SAN Virtualization iSCSI

CIFS and NFS File Services

Fibre Channel

iSCSI Block Services

NetApp V-Series Cisco Brocade

HDS Arrays

IBM Arrays

HP Arrays

EMC Arrays

Fujitsu Arrays

3PAR Arrays

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

82

Positioning Unique Value

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

83

Absolute Differentiator #1 Consistent Data Integrity / Management


EMC
High-end SAN DMX

NetApp

Mid-range SAN

CLARiiON

High-end NAS

Celerra Data ONTAP

Low-end NAS

NetWin

Compliance

Centera

Virtualization Engine

Storage Router

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

84

Absolute Differentiator #2
EMC
Linux Control Stations (x2)

FAS3XXX

NS700 DART OS

NAS FC-SAN IP-SAN Virtualization NAS Gateway Total Rack Units = 6

FAS3xxx Data ONTAP 7G

CX700 FLARE OS

FC-SAN

Less Equipment Less Software Less Administrative Cost


CX500i FLARE OS IP-SAN

Standby Power Supplies (x3) Total Rack Units = 17


2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

FAS3xxx Less Storage Cost FAS3xxx Less Moving Parts / Risk

85

Tools and Resources

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

86

Software Tools and Resources


NetApp public Web site for software information http://www.netapp.com/products/software.html

NetApp NOW site and Partner Center http://now.netapp.com NetApp SalesEdge http://my.netapp.com/psweb/appmanager/mktgport al/mktgdesktop?_nfpb=true&nodeId=1202&_pageL abel=mktgPS_detail

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute

87

Important Location on NOW for SEs


Site Preparation Guide
http://now.netapp.com/NOW/knowledge/docs/hardware/h ardware_index.shtml#General%20information

System Configuration Guide


http://now.netapp.com/NOW/knowledge/docs/hardware/ NetApp/syscfg/

Documentation Page
http://now.netapp.com/NOW/knowledge/docs/docs.shtml

Parts Finder
https://now.netapp.com/eservice/searchParts.do?module Name=PartsFinder

Software Downloads
http://now.netapp.com/NOW/cgi-bin/software

Tool Chest
http://now.netapp.com/eservice/toolchest
2009 NetApp. All rights reserved. NetApp Confidential -- Do Not Distribute 88

Module Summary
In this module, you should have learned to: Describe NetApp Enterprise hardware
FAS 2000, 31XX, 6000 NearStore VTL, V-Series Near-line storage

Identify the various drive types available


FC, SAS, SATA

Discuss NetApp deduplication Identify available resources

2009 NetApp. All rights reserved.

89

Exercise
Module 3: An Introduction to NetApp Hardware Estimated Time: 30 minutes

Student Activity 1

Answers
Module 3: Student Activity 1