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MOBILE PHONES

SUBMITTED BYROHIT PAUDEL 41 ADITI LANDE 45 TANU SHARMA 48 RAJAT CHOUDHARY 49 SHUVASHIS SHRESTHA 51 PRIYANKA YADAV 60

Device for voice communication

Alexander Graham Bell (1876)


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Everyday lifes tools

Computer

Fax

Radio
Email

Music player
Word processor Credit cards
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Everyday lifes tools


Computer Mobile phones are first introduced in mid 1980s

Email

Word processor

Music player Smart phone Fax Radio

Additional features can be installed


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HISTORY 1946 Wireless Telephones

The first wireless telephone calls were made from cars and trucks. It was a primitive system and even in a city the size of New York only 12 people could place calls at a time.

The first portable units were really big and heavy.


Called transportables or luggables. They were so large mainly because of the size of the battery that they were housed in their own briefcase.

1981 Portable Units

1983 - DynaTAC 8000X


In 1983 Motorola released the first true mobile phone. It weighed about the same as a bag of sugar and had a battery life of only 8 hours. It cost $3,995 and sold over 300,000 units in the first year alone.

1989 GSM Digital Phones


In 1989 digital networks lead to the increased use of mobile phones throughout the 90s. The vast majority of phones were black or dark grey with aerials and small screens.

Changed Design
Today's phones come in two different styles the standard and the flip-top phone. The standard matte black plastic finish of the 90s has been replaced by coloured fascia and stylish metal finishes.

Camera Phones
The invention of MMS and picture messaging has led to changes in the design of mobile phones. The majority of mobile phones being produced today have either in-built or snap-on cameras and larger screens for viewing images.

Convergent Devices
The latest trend is to combine many different types of device in one. So mobile phones can also be used as MP3 players, games consoles and as devices to surf the internet.

3G Next Generation Phones


3G stands for third generation, and is a wireless industry term for a collection of international standards and technologies aimed at increasing efficiency. Increasing data rates will mean that most phones will have cameras and larger screens to enhance the playback of video.

FEATURES OF MOBILE

SIM Subscriber Identity Module GSM feature phones require a SIM card which is size of a small postage stamp The first SIM card was made in 1991 Giesecke & Devrient

Multi-card hybrid phones hybrid mobile can hold up to 4 SIM cards. SIM and RUIM cards may be mixed together to allow both GSM and CDMA networks to be accessed

BATTERY Providing the power source for the phone functions

PROCESSOR
phone's brain, telling it what to do and how to do it number of tasks it can complete per second dual core processors Having two chips phone is better at multitasking as one can handle background tasks while another work s on active task.

SMS
Short Message Service works through cellular communication, limit -160 characters

TEXT MESSAGE

Texting apps
instant messaging app smar tphone that allows texts for free,

What's App WEchat.

MMS can attach multimedia to the text, , like photos or videos.

.Email

Phone-specific messaging
application specific to certain phones,

Premium text services


subscription services ringtones, themes or music. can be one-time activities, recurring,

iMessage for iPhones, BBM for


Blackberry

Kosher phones

KOSHER PHONES There are Jewish orthodox religious restrictions which standard mobile telephones do not meet. To fulfill this demand, phones without Internet access, text messaging or cameras are required.

MISCELLANEOUS FEATURES
CAMERA MAPS

CONNECTIVITY

APPS STORE

VIDEO CALLING

Manufacturers

Uses
Mobile phones are used for a variety of purposes keeping in touch with family members conducting business event of an emergency etc.

A study by Motorola found that one in ten cell phone subscribers have a second phone that often is kept secret from other family member Facilitates activism and Public journalism Improve the livelihood of the poorest people Live TV viewing Mobile banking Directions while driving Tracking and privacy Agencies of Law

How does a Cell phone work?

SIM: Subscriber Identity Module MS: Mobile Station BS: Base Transceiver Station

BSC: Base Station Controller MSC: Mobile Service Switching VLR: Visitor Location Register

AC: Authentication Center PSTN: Public Switched Telecom Network ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network

HLR: Home Location Register

EIR: Equipment Identity Register

Technologies
Code Division Multiple Acces s (CDMA): a digital wireless technology that uses spreadspectrum techniques. CDMA does not assign a specific frequency to each user. Instead, every channel uses the full available spectrum

Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA): a digital wireless telephony transmission technique. TDMA allocates each user a different time slot on a given frequency. TDMA divides each cellular channel into three time slots in order to increase the amount of data that can be carried

Advantages

Cell phones are easier for communication Good for emergencies ll hnes are not only telephones; they can also include internet, calendars, cameras, and alarm

Disadvantages
The use of cell phones has been proven to be a big distraction Possibility of brain tumor is also increasing with the use of cell phones Cellular phone prices are very costly

Future Evolution
5G- the next major phase of mobile telecommunications, expected to be fully implemented by December 2020 800MB film within seconds, streaming of 3D films or live ultra high definition content, wearable devices with AI capabilities

Health Effects
On 31 May 2011, WHO stated that mobile phone use may cause long-term health risk Cell phone usage for at least ten years approximately doubles the risk of being diagnosed with a brain tumor

Environmental Impact
40-50% of the environmental impact of mobile is due to printing wired boards and integrated circuits Average user replaces their mobile phone every 11 to 18 months

Conflict Minerals
Unsafe mines deep underground in Congo, children working to extract minerals